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Philosophy

2012

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Articles 1 - 30 of 1051

Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Reason, Tradition, And The Good: Alasdair Macintyre's Reason Of Tradition And Frankfurt School Critical Theory, Jeffery Nicholas Jul 2015

Reason, Tradition, And The Good: Alasdair Macintyre's Reason Of Tradition And Frankfurt School Critical Theory, Jeffery Nicholas

Jeffery Nicholas

In Reason, Tradition, and the Good, Jeffery L. Nicholas addresses the failure of reason in modernity to bring about a just society, a society in which people can attain fulfillment. Developing the critical theory of the Frankfurt School, Nicholas argues that we rely too heavily on a conception of rationality that is divorced from tradition and, therefore, incapable of judging ends. Without the ability to judge ends, we cannot engage in debate about the good life or the proper goods that we as individuals and as a society should pursue. Nicholas claims that the project of enlightenment—defined as the ...


Cura Personalis And Business Education For Sustainability Jun 2015

Cura Personalis And Business Education For Sustainability

Alquiler Coches

No abstract provided.


Virtuosity In Business: Invisible Law Guiding The Invisible Hand Jun 2015

Virtuosity In Business: Invisible Law Guiding The Invisible Hand

Alquiler Coches

No abstract provided.


Cura Personalis And Business Education For Sustainability Jan 2015

Cura Personalis And Business Education For Sustainability

bobbymartin76@shaw.ca

No abstract provided.


Virtuosity In Business: Invisible Law Guiding The Invisible Hand Jan 2015

Virtuosity In Business: Invisible Law Guiding The Invisible Hand

bobbymartin76@shaw.ca

No abstract provided.


The Normative Underpinnings Of Taxation, Sagit Leviner Dec 2012

The Normative Underpinnings Of Taxation, Sagit Leviner

Sagit Leviner Dr.

Questions about the appropriate rules and mechanisms of taxation are, first and foremost, questions concerning the nature of society. What can be taxed, what cannot, for what purpose, when, and how, are all matters that go to the heart of society and, in particular, concern society’s underlying beliefs and values vis-à-vis the meaning and attainment of justice. This Article explores the role of normative values and theory in tax policymaking. It suggests that a candid elaboration of normative perspectives, and how they shed light on taxation, could lead to a better understanding of society as well as a better ...


International Terrorism And Television Channels:Operation And Regulation Of Tv News Channel During Coverage Of Terrorism, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr Dec 2012

International Terrorism And Television Channels:Operation And Regulation Of Tv News Channel During Coverage Of Terrorism, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr

Ratnesh Dwivedi

The concept of globalization or internationalization of certain wars, which were result of terrorist activities worldwide , as well as the high attention of terrorism coverage broadcast worldwide might open up better opportunities to journalists – particularly to those who work in democratic countries like U.S.A and India – to improve their coverage. The context is the key: the context of the operation methodology, follow of guidelines of regulatory bodies,and of the journalistic culture and of the global environment. It is very important how media presents consequences of terrorist acts, how information is transmitted to public. Television and press have ...


How To Avoid Solipsism While Remaining An Idealist: Lessons From Berkeley And Dharmakirti, Jeremy E. Henkel Dec 2012

How To Avoid Solipsism While Remaining An Idealist: Lessons From Berkeley And Dharmakirti, Jeremy E. Henkel

Comparative Philosophy

This essay examines the strategies that Berkeley and Dharmakirti utilize to deny that idealism entails solipsism. Beginning from similar arguments for the non-existence of matter, the two philosophers employ markedly different strategies for establishing the existence of other minds. This difference stems from their responses to the problem of intersubjective agreement. While Berkeley's reliance on his Cartesian inheritance does allow him to account for intersubjective agreement without descending into solipsism, it nevertheless prevents him from establishing the existence of other finite minds. I argue that Dharmakirti, in accounting for intersubjective agreement causally, is able to avoid Berkeley's shortcoming ...


Vol 3 No 1 Contents Page, Comparative Philosophy Dec 2012

Vol 3 No 1 Contents Page, Comparative Philosophy

Comparative Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Vol 3 No 1 Cover Page, Comparative Philosophy Dec 2012

Vol 3 No 1 Cover Page, Comparative Philosophy

Comparative Philosophy

No abstract provided.


How Is This Paper Philosophy?, Kristie Dotson Dec 2012

How Is This Paper Philosophy?, Kristie Dotson

Comparative Philosophy

This paper answers a call made by Anita Allen to genuinely assess whether the field of philosophy has the capacity to sustain the work of diverse peoples. By identifying a pervasive culture of justification within professional philosophy, I gesture to the ways professional philosophy is not an attractive working environment for many diverse practitioners. As a result of the downsides of the culture of justification that pervades professional philosophy, I advocate that the discipline of professional philosophy be cast according to a culture of praxis. Finally, I provide a comparative exercise using Graham Priest’s definition of philosophy and Audre ...


Vol 3 No 1 Information Page, Comparative Philosophy Dec 2012

Vol 3 No 1 Information Page, Comparative Philosophy

Comparative Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Editor's Words, Comparative Philosophy Dec 2012

Editor's Words, Comparative Philosophy

Comparative Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Benevolent Government Now, Howard J. Curzer Dec 2012

Benevolent Government Now, Howard J. Curzer

Comparative Philosophy

Mencian benevolent government intervenes dramatically in many ways in the marketplace in order to secure the material well-being of the population, especially the poor and disadvantaged. Mencius considers this sort of intervention to be appropriate not just occasionally when dealing with natural disasters, but regularly. Furthermore, Mencius recommends shifting from regressive to progressive taxes. He favors reduction of inequality so as to reduce corruption of government by the wealthy, and opposes punishment for people driven to crime by destitution. Mencius thinks government should try to improve the character of the population by preventing or relieving poverty, by setting a good ...


Dharmakirti, Davidson, And Knowing Reality, Lajos Brons Dec 2012

Dharmakirti, Davidson, And Knowing Reality, Lajos Brons

Comparative Philosophy

If we distinguish phenomenal effects from their noumenal causes, the former being our conceptual(ized) experiences, the latter their grounds or causes in reality "as it is" independent of our experience, then two contradictory positions with regards to the relationship between these two can be distinguished: either phenomena are identical with their noumenal causes, or they are not. Davidson is among the most influential modern defenders of the former position, metaphysical non-dualism. Dharmakirti' strict distinction between ultimate and conventional reality, on the other hand, may be one of the most rigorously elaborated theories of the opposite position, metaphysical dualism. Despite ...


Whole Set Of Volume 3 No 1 (2012), Comparative Philosophy Dec 2012

Whole Set Of Volume 3 No 1 (2012), Comparative Philosophy

Comparative Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Noción De Derecho En La Metafísica Tomista, Juan Carlos Riofrío Martínez-Villalba Dec 2012

Noción De Derecho En La Metafísica Tomista, Juan Carlos Riofrío Martínez-Villalba

Juan Carlos Riofrío Martínez-Villalba

La investigación tiene por objeto definir qué es derecho desde la perspectiva de la metafísica tomista, muy distinta a la popular filosofía de base kantiana y de Kelsen. El estudio comienza con dos preámbulos: el primero que precisa la noción de “ser” y que distingue sus clases, para concluir qué debe entenderse por “realismo jurídico”, y el segundo que hace una breve reseña histórica de la noción de derecho. A continuación se observa que las diferentes nociones históricas son analógicas entre sí, teniendo la primacía la de res iusta. A partir de ahí analiza el alcance metafísico de esta definición ...


Review Of Gary E. Varner's Personhood, Ethics, And Animal Cognition: Situating Animals In Hare’S Two-Level Utilitarianism, Tal Scriven Dec 2012

Review Of Gary E. Varner's Personhood, Ethics, And Animal Cognition: Situating Animals In Hare’S Two-Level Utilitarianism, Tal Scriven

Between the Species

No abstract provided.


Virtue Ethics And Animal Law, Taimie Bryant Dec 2012

Virtue Ethics And Animal Law, Taimie Bryant

Between the Species

This essay explores virtue ethical concepts in the context of animal law theory and practice. For reasons discussed in the essay, virtue ethics may not, on its own, serve as an adequate foundation for general anticruelty statutes, but it may have application in those contexts in which sufficient sharing of values enables participants in legal reform to work through differences in moral commitments to generate at least temporarily acceptable laws. The article considers a detailed example of that type of application, based on the actual and realistic situation of legislator-requested feral cat colony caretakers’ participation in the development of ordinances ...


Vol 4 No 1 Information Page, Comparative Philosophy Dec 2012

Vol 4 No 1 Information Page, Comparative Philosophy

Comparative Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Vol 4 No 1 Cover Page, Comparative Philosophy Dec 2012

Vol 4 No 1 Cover Page, Comparative Philosophy

Comparative Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Vol 4 No 1 Editor's Words, Comparative Philosophy Dec 2012

Vol 4 No 1 Editor's Words, Comparative Philosophy

Comparative Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Introduction, Sor-Hoon Tan Dec 2012

Introduction, Sor-Hoon Tan

Comparative Philosophy

This is the introduction to the content of the jounrnal's special issue (vol. 4 no. 1 / January 2013) celebrating the tenth anniversary of the International Society for Comparative Studies of Chinese and Western Philosophy (ISCWP), which includes five peer-reviewed articles by ISCWP members.


Mohist Approach To The Rule-Following Problem, Chung-I Lin Dec 2012

Mohist Approach To The Rule-Following Problem, Chung-I Lin

Comparative Philosophy

The Mohist conceives the dao-following issue as "how we can put dao in words and speeches into practice." The dao-following issue is the Mohist counterpart of Wittgenstein's rule-following problem. This paper aims to shed light on the rule-following issue in terms of the Mohist answer to the dao-following problem. The early Mohist takes fa(法, standard)and the later Mohist takes lei(類, analogy)as the key to the dao-following issue. I argue that the way of fa is not viable. Fa comes in various forms, but all of them are regarded as being cut off from everyday life ...


Reading Han Fei As "Social Scientist": A Case-Study In "Historical Correspondence", Henrique Schneider Dec 2012

Reading Han Fei As "Social Scientist": A Case-Study In "Historical Correspondence", Henrique Schneider

Comparative Philosophy

Han Fei was one of the main proponents of Legalism in Qin-era China. Although his works are mostly read from a historic perspective, the aim of this paper is to advance an interpretation of Han Fei as a “social scientist”. The social sciences are the fields of academic scholarship that study society and its institutions as a consequence of human behavior. Methodologically, social sciences combine abstract approaches in model-building with empiric investigations, seeking to prove the functioning of the models. In a third step, social sciences also aim at providing policy advice. Han Fei can be read as operating similarly ...


A Daoist Model For A Kantian Church, Stephen R. Palmquist Dec 2012

A Daoist Model For A Kantian Church, Stephen R. Palmquist

Comparative Philosophy

Although significant differences undoubtedly exist between Daoism and Kant’s philosophy, the two systems also have some noteworthy similarities. After calling attention to a few such parallels and sketching the outlines of Kant’s philosophy of religion, this article focuses on an often-neglected feature of the latter: the four guiding principles of what Kant calls an “invisible church” (universality, purity, freedom, and unchangeableness). Numerous passages from Lao Zi’s classic text, Dao-De-Jing, seem to uphold these same principles, thus suggesting that they can also be interpreted as core features of a Daoist philosophy of life. A crucial difference, however, is ...


Mencius' Jun-Zi, Aristotle's Megalopsuchos, & Moral Demands To Help The Global Poor, Sean Walsh Dec 2012

Mencius' Jun-Zi, Aristotle's Megalopsuchos, & Moral Demands To Help The Global Poor, Sean Walsh

Comparative Philosophy

It is commonly believed that impartial utilitarian moral theories have significant demands that we help the global poor, and that the partial virtue ethics of Mencius and Aristotle do not. This ethical partiality found in these virtue ethicists has been criticized, and some have suggested that the partialistic virtue ethics of Mencius and Aristotle are parochial (i.e., overly narrow in their scope of concern). I believe, however, that the ethics of Mencius and Aristotle are both more cosmopolitan than many presume and also are very demanding. In this paper, I argue that the ethical requirements to help the poor ...


Vol 4 No 1 Content Page, Comparative Philosophy Dec 2012

Vol 4 No 1 Content Page, Comparative Philosophy

Comparative Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Contemporary Confucian And Islamic Approaches To Democracy And Human Rights, Stephen Angle Dec 2012

Contemporary Confucian And Islamic Approaches To Democracy And Human Rights, Stephen Angle

Comparative Philosophy

Both Confucian and Islamic traditions stand in fraught and internally contested relationships with democracy and human rights. It can easily appear that the two traditions are in analogous positions with respect to the values associated with modernity, but a central contention of this essay is that Islam and Confucianism are not analogous in this way. Positions taken by advocates of the traditions are often similar, but the reasoning used to justify these positions differs in crucial ways. Whether one approaches these questions from an intra-traditional, cross-traditional, or multi-traditional perspective, the essay shows that there is great value in getting clear ...


When Bird And Fish Fall In Love, Matthew C. Mackey Dec 2012

When Bird And Fish Fall In Love, Matthew C. Mackey

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

A work of poetry that offers a new method of poetics. By examining translation as a means of understanding relationships, this work offers a nuanced manner for the writing and experience of poetry. When Bird and Fish Fall in Love is a close examination of language, relationships, translation, and the intimacy of conflation.