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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

George Grote On Plato And Athenian Democracy: A Study In Classical Reception, Kyriakos N. Demetriou Dec 1999

George Grote On Plato And Athenian Democracy: A Study In Classical Reception, Kyriakos N. Demetriou

Kyriakos N. Demetriou

George Grote (1794-1871) belonged to the leading Philosophic Radicals of early Victorian Britain. A student of James Mill and Jeremy Bentham, a self-educated classical scholar, and a committed utilitarian liberal, he succeeded in revolutionizing the field of Greek studies. The author draws on both unpublished works of Grote and also a wide range of published material, with emphasis on the History of Greece and Plato and the other Companions of Sokrates, to give us this study of the historian's thought and understanding of classical Greece. The book starts with an examination of Grote's early intellectual influences and then ...


Grundlagenreflexionen Zur Thematik Anthropomorpher Schnittstellen, Rudolf Kaehr Dec 1999

Grundlagenreflexionen Zur Thematik Anthropomorpher Schnittstellen, Rudolf Kaehr

Rudolf Kaehr

Report for the EMBASSI Project


Which Kind Of Legal Order? Logical Coherence And Praxeological Coherence, Mario Rizzo Dec 1999

Which Kind Of Legal Order? Logical Coherence And Praxeological Coherence, Mario Rizzo

Mario Rizzo

This article addresses the classic question: How can the common law ensure relative certainty of expectations and also adapt to economic or other changes in society?


A Case Study “The Concrete Sumo” Exigent Decision-Making In Engineering, Michael Pritchard Nov 1999

A Case Study “The Concrete Sumo” Exigent Decision-Making In Engineering, Michael Pritchard

Michael Pritchard

No abstract available


What's The Price Of A Research Subject?, Charles Weijer Nov 1999

What's The Price Of A Research Subject?, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


The Coming Slavery: The Determinism Of Herbert Spencer, Mario J. Rizzo Nov 1999

The Coming Slavery: The Determinism Of Herbert Spencer, Mario J. Rizzo

Mario Rizzo

Herbert Spencer (1820–1903) believed that Victorian Britain was moving toward a society of total regimentation (slavery). This movement was part of a cosmic process of evolution and dissolution. While the long-run (but not ultimate) destination of society was a higher form of social organization based on voluntary and complex interpersonal relationships, the immediate tendency was retrograde—a movement away from the liberation of mankind from the bondage of previous eras. This Article explores (1) the reasons for the retrograde movement, (2) its inevitability, and (3) the role of ideas in the process. The general conclusion is that in an ...


Thinking Clearly About Research Risk: Implications Of The Work Of Benjamin Freedman, Charles Weijer Oct 1999

Thinking Clearly About Research Risk: Implications Of The Work Of Benjamin Freedman, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


Protecting Communities In Research: Current Guidelines And Limits Of Extrapolation, Charles Weijer, Gary Goldsand, Ezekiel Emanuel Oct 1999

Protecting Communities In Research: Current Guidelines And Limits Of Extrapolation, Charles Weijer, Gary Goldsand, Ezekiel Emanuel

Charles Weijer

As genetic research increasingly focuses on communities, there have been calls for extending research protections to them. We critically examine guidelines developed to protect aboriginal communities and consider their applicability to other communities. These guidelines are based on a model of researcher-community partnership and span the phases of a research project, from protocol development to publication. The complete list of 23 protections may apply to those few non-aboriginal communities, such as the Amish, that are highly cohesive. Although some protections may be applicable to less-cohesive communities, such as Ashkenazi Jews, analysis suggests substantial problems in extending these guidelines in toto ...


Protecting Communities In Research: Philosophical And Pragmatic Challenges, Charles Weijer Sep 1999

Protecting Communities In Research: Philosophical And Pragmatic Challenges, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

The issue of the protection of communities in clinical research first arose 10 years ago in studies conducted in technologically developing countries by scientists from technologically developed nations. The question was, which ethical standards ought to apply, those of the Western investigators or local standards?


Voting Ourselves Rights: A Critique Of The Canadian Medical Association Charter For Physicians, Nuala Kenny, Charles Weijer, Francoise Baylis Aug 1999

Voting Ourselves Rights: A Critique Of The Canadian Medical Association Charter For Physicians, Nuala Kenny, Charles Weijer, Francoise Baylis

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


We’Re Alright Jack, Charles Weijer Jul 1999

We’Re Alright Jack, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


Radical Jazz, Scott Abbott Jul 1999

Radical Jazz, Scott Abbott

Scott Abbott

No abstract provided.


Getting Doctors To Listen: Ethics And Outcomes Data In Context, Charles Weijer Jul 1999

Getting Doctors To Listen: Ethics And Outcomes Data In Context, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


Recent Work In Feminist Ethics, Samantha Brennan Jun 1999

Recent Work In Feminist Ethics, Samantha Brennan

Samantha Brennan

No abstract provided.


Another Tuskegee?, Charles Weijer Jun 1999

Another Tuskegee?, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


Healthy Decadence? Utah Art Through A German Lens, Scott Abbott Apr 1999

Healthy Decadence? Utah Art Through A German Lens, Scott Abbott

Scott Abbott

No abstract provided.


Utilitarianism As A Public Philosophy, Robert Goodin, Samantha Brennan Mar 1999

Utilitarianism As A Public Philosophy, Robert Goodin, Samantha Brennan

Samantha Brennan

No abstract provided.


Interrogatives And Sets Of Answers, Robert J. Stainton Mar 1999

Interrogatives And Sets Of Answers, Robert J. Stainton

Robert J. Stainton

No abstract provided.


Why I Am Not A Futilitarian (Review Of When Doctors Say No: The Battleground Of Medical Futility), Charles Weijer Mar 1999

Why I Am Not A Futilitarian (Review Of When Doctors Say No: The Battleground Of Medical Futility), Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


Structuring The Review Of Human Genetics Protocols Part-Iii: Gene Therapy Studies, Kathleen Glass, Charles Weijer, Denis Cournoyer, Trudo Lemmens, Roberta Palmour, Stanley Shapiro, Benjamin Freedman Feb 1999

Structuring The Review Of Human Genetics Protocols Part-Iii: Gene Therapy Studies, Kathleen Glass, Charles Weijer, Denis Cournoyer, Trudo Lemmens, Roberta Palmour, Stanley Shapiro, Benjamin Freedman

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


Placebo-Controlled Studies In Schizophrenia: Ethical And Scientific Perspectives. Panel Discussion, T. Lemmens, P. Appelbaum, W. Carpenter, C. Mccarthy, C. Peterson, D. Streiner, Charles Weijer Feb 1999

Placebo-Controlled Studies In Schizophrenia: Ethical And Scientific Perspectives. Panel Discussion, T. Lemmens, P. Appelbaum, W. Carpenter, C. Mccarthy, C. Peterson, D. Streiner, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


Placebo-Controlled Trials In Schizophrenia: Are They Ethical? Are They Necessary?, Charles Weijer Feb 1999

Placebo-Controlled Trials In Schizophrenia: Are They Ethical? Are They Necessary?, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

The current controversy as to the proper role of the placebo control in the evaluation of new treatments for schizophrenia requires an analysis that is sensitive to both ethical and scientific issues. Clinical equipoise, widely regarded as the moral foundation of the randomized controlled trial (RCT), requires the use of best available treatment as the control in RCT. Scientific criticisms of the use of an active control are examined and none present an insuperable barrier to the use of an active control. Indeed, scrutiny of the most recent argument for the use of placebo controls, 'assay sensitivity', suggests that the ...


Compassion As A Means To Freedom, Julian Friedland Jan 1999

Compassion As A Means To Freedom, Julian Friedland

Julian Friedland

No abstract provided.


Reciprocity And The Guaranteed Income, Karl Widerquist Jan 1999

Reciprocity And The Guaranteed Income, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

No abstract provided.


Problems With Peirce's Concept Of Abduction, Michael H.G. Hoffmann Jan 1999

Problems With Peirce's Concept Of Abduction, Michael H.G. Hoffmann

Michael H.G. Hoffmann

Abductive reasoning takes place in forming "hypotheses" in order to explain "facts." Thus, the concept of abduction promises an understanding of creativity in science and learning. It raises, however, also a lot of problems. Some of them will be discussed in this paper: After analyzing the difference between induction and abduction (1), I shall discuss Peirce's claim that there is a "logic" of abduction (2). The thesis is that this claim can be understood, if we make a clear distinction between inferential elements and perceptive elements of abductive reasoning. For Peirce, the creative act of forming explanatory hypotheses and ...


Understanding Scientific Practices: Cultural Studies Of Science As A Philosophical Program, Joseph Rouse Jan 1999

Understanding Scientific Practices: Cultural Studies Of Science As A Philosophical Program, Joseph Rouse

Joseph Rouse

No abstract provided.


Naive Realism In Philosophy Of Literature, Tom Leddy Jan 1999

Naive Realism In Philosophy Of Literature, Tom Leddy

Tom Leddy

No abstract provided.


Kant On Tattoos, Architecture And Genderbending, Tom Leddy Jan 1999

Kant On Tattoos, Architecture And Genderbending, Tom Leddy

Tom Leddy

No abstract provided.


Why Should We Include Women And Minorities In Randomized Controlled Trials?, Charles Weijer, R. Crouch Dec 1998

Why Should We Include Women And Minorities In Randomized Controlled Trials?, Charles Weijer, R. Crouch

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


Retribution, The Death Penalty, And The Limits Of Human Judgment, Tony Roark Dec 1998

Retribution, The Death Penalty, And The Limits Of Human Judgment, Tony Roark

Tony Roark

So serious a matter is capital punishment that we must consider very carefully any claim regarding its justification. Brian Calvert has offered a new version of the "argument from arbitrariness," according to which a retributivist cannot consistently hold that some, but not all, first-degree murderers may justifiably receive the death penalty, when it is conceived to be a unique form of punishment. At the heart of this argument is the line-drawing problem, and I am inclined to this that it is a genuine challenge for the retributivist. I respond on behalf of the retributivist by formulating a line-drawing method that ...