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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

George Grote On Plato And Athenian Democracy: A Study In Classical Reception, Kyriakos N. Demetriou Dec 1999

George Grote On Plato And Athenian Democracy: A Study In Classical Reception, Kyriakos N. Demetriou

Kyriakos N. Demetriou

George Grote (1794-1871) belonged to the leading Philosophic Radicals of early Victorian Britain. A student of James Mill and Jeremy Bentham, a self-educated classical scholar, and a committed utilitarian liberal, he succeeded in revolutionizing the field of Greek studies. The author draws on both unpublished works of Grote and also a wide range of published material, with emphasis on the History of Greece and Plato and the other Companions of Sokrates, to give us this study of the historian's thought and understanding of classical Greece. The book starts with an examination of Grote's early intellectual influences and then ...


Review Of The Cambridge Companion To Mill, Henry West Nov 1999

Review Of The Cambridge Companion To Mill, Henry West

Henry R. West, Retired

No abstract provided.


A Case Study “The Concrete Sumo” Exigent Decision-Making In Engineering, Michael Pritchard Nov 1999

A Case Study “The Concrete Sumo” Exigent Decision-Making In Engineering, Michael Pritchard

Michael Pritchard

No abstract available


Grundlagenreflexionen Zur Thematik Anthropomorpher Schnittstellen, Rudolf Kaehr Nov 1999

Grundlagenreflexionen Zur Thematik Anthropomorpher Schnittstellen, Rudolf Kaehr

Rudolf Kaehr

Report for the EMBASSI Project


Which Kind Of Legal Order? Logical Coherence And Praxeological Coherence, Mario Rizzo Nov 1999

Which Kind Of Legal Order? Logical Coherence And Praxeological Coherence, Mario Rizzo

Mario Rizzo

This article addresses the classic question: How can the common law ensure relative certainty of expectations and also adapt to economic or other changes in society?


What's The Price Of A Research Subject?, Charles Weijer Nov 1999

What's The Price Of A Research Subject?, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


Thinking Clearly About Research Risk: Implications Of The Work Of Benjamin Freedman, Charles Weijer Oct 1999

Thinking Clearly About Research Risk: Implications Of The Work Of Benjamin Freedman, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


Protecting Communities In Research: Current Guidelines And Limits Of Extrapolation, Charles Weijer, Gary Goldsand, Ezekiel Emanuel Oct 1999

Protecting Communities In Research: Current Guidelines And Limits Of Extrapolation, Charles Weijer, Gary Goldsand, Ezekiel Emanuel

Charles Weijer

As genetic research increasingly focuses on communities, there have been calls for extending research protections to them. We critically examine guidelines developed to protect aboriginal communities and consider their applicability to other communities. These guidelines are based on a model of researcher-community partnership and span the phases of a research project, from protocol development to publication. The complete list of 23 protections may apply to those few non-aboriginal communities, such as the Amish, that are highly cohesive. Although some protections may be applicable to less-cohesive communities, such as Ashkenazi Jews, analysis suggests substantial problems in extending these guidelines in toto ...


The Coming Slavery: The Determinism Of Herbert Spencer, Mario J. Rizzo Oct 1999

The Coming Slavery: The Determinism Of Herbert Spencer, Mario J. Rizzo

Mario Rizzo

Herbert Spencer (1820–1903) believed that Victorian Britain was moving toward a society of total regimentation (slavery). This movement was part of a cosmic process of evolution and dissolution. While the long-run (but not ultimate) destination of society was a higher form of social organization based on voluntary and complex interpersonal relationships, the immediate tendency was retrograde—a movement away from the liberation of mankind from the bondage of previous eras. This Article explores (1) the reasons for the retrograde movement, (2) its inevitability, and (3) the role of ideas in the process. The general conclusion is that in an ...


Research Involving The Vulnerable Sick, Charles Weijer Sep 1999

Research Involving The Vulnerable Sick, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

Research involving the vulnerable sick raises difficult challenges for investigators and Institutional Review Boards. Exactly who among the ill counts as vulnerable is a matter of judgement, and involves consideration of susceptibility to harm and capacity to provide free and informed consent. A balanced approach is required when protections are considered, and the benefits as well as the risks of research participation must be carefully weighed. A variety of protections for the vulnerable sick in research are available, including enrolling subjects in a study only with a strong justification, ensuring that consent is free and comprehending, and setting limits on ...


Protecting Communities In Research: Philosophical And Pragmatic Challenges, Charles Weijer Sep 1999

Protecting Communities In Research: Philosophical And Pragmatic Challenges, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

The issue of the protection of communities in clinical research first arose 10 years ago in studies conducted in technologically developing countries by scientists from technologically developed nations. The question was, which ethical standards ought to apply, those of the Western investigators or local standards?


Voting Ourselves Rights: A Critique Of The Canadian Medical Association Charter For Physicians, Nuala Kenny, Charles Weijer, Francoise Baylis Aug 1999

Voting Ourselves Rights: A Critique Of The Canadian Medical Association Charter For Physicians, Nuala Kenny, Charles Weijer, Francoise Baylis

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


We’Re Alright Jack, Charles Weijer Jul 1999

We’Re Alright Jack, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


Radical Jazz, Scott Abbott Jul 1999

Radical Jazz, Scott Abbott

Scott Abbott

No abstract provided.


Getting Doctors To Listen: Ethics And Outcomes Data In Context, Charles Weijer Jul 1999

Getting Doctors To Listen: Ethics And Outcomes Data In Context, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


Recent Work In Feminist Ethics, Samantha Brennan Jun 1999

Recent Work In Feminist Ethics, Samantha Brennan

Samantha Brennan

No abstract provided.


Another Tuskegee?, Charles Weijer Jun 1999

Another Tuskegee?, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


Basisinkomen En Het Reciprociteitsbeginsel: Een Analytische Benadering, Jurgen De Wispelaere May 1999

Basisinkomen En Het Reciprociteitsbeginsel: Een Analytische Benadering, Jurgen De Wispelaere

Jurgen De Wispelaere

In the ongoing debate on reforming the welfare state, a marginal but notable position is advanced by a number of theorists who propose the introduction of a universal basic income scheme as a solution to the current problems. A basic income is a grant to which all individuals/citizens are entitled, irrespective of family situation or income, without past, present or future work requirement. Basic income is heavily criticized for a number of reasons. One is that it frustrates the norm of reciprocity. According to this critique, basic income's focus on unconditional grants makes it possible for people to ...


Healthy Decadence? Utah Art Through A German Lens, Scott Abbott Apr 1999

Healthy Decadence? Utah Art Through A German Lens, Scott Abbott

Scott Abbott

No abstract provided.


Utilitarianism As A Public Philosophy, Robert Goodin, Samantha Brennan Mar 1999

Utilitarianism As A Public Philosophy, Robert Goodin, Samantha Brennan

Samantha Brennan

No abstract provided.


Interrogatives And Sets Of Answers, Robert J. Stainton Mar 1999

Interrogatives And Sets Of Answers, Robert J. Stainton

Robert J. Stainton

No abstract provided.


Why I Am Not A Futilitarian (Review Of When Doctors Say No: The Battleground Of Medical Futility), Charles Weijer Mar 1999

Why I Am Not A Futilitarian (Review Of When Doctors Say No: The Battleground Of Medical Futility), Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


Structuring The Review Of Human Genetics Protocols Part-Iii: Gene Therapy Studies, Kathleen Glass, Charles Weijer, Denis Cournoyer, Trudo Lemmens, Roberta Palmour, Stanley Shapiro, Benjamin Freedman Feb 1999

Structuring The Review Of Human Genetics Protocols Part-Iii: Gene Therapy Studies, Kathleen Glass, Charles Weijer, Denis Cournoyer, Trudo Lemmens, Roberta Palmour, Stanley Shapiro, Benjamin Freedman

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


Placebo-Controlled Studies In Schizophrenia: Ethical And Scientific Perspectives. Panel Discussion, T. Lemmens, P. Appelbaum, W. Carpenter, C. Mccarthy, C. Peterson, D. Streiner, Charles Weijer Feb 1999

Placebo-Controlled Studies In Schizophrenia: Ethical And Scientific Perspectives. Panel Discussion, T. Lemmens, P. Appelbaum, W. Carpenter, C. Mccarthy, C. Peterson, D. Streiner, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


Placebo-Controlled Trials In Schizophrenia: Are They Ethical? Are They Necessary?, Charles Weijer Feb 1999

Placebo-Controlled Trials In Schizophrenia: Are They Ethical? Are They Necessary?, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

The current controversy as to the proper role of the placebo control in the evaluation of new treatments for schizophrenia requires an analysis that is sensitive to both ethical and scientific issues. Clinical equipoise, widely regarded as the moral foundation of the randomized controlled trial (RCT), requires the use of best available treatment as the control in RCT. Scientific criticisms of the use of an active control are examined and none present an insuperable barrier to the use of an active control. Indeed, scrutiny of the most recent argument for the use of placebo controls, 'assay sensitivity', suggests that the ...


Selecting Subjects For Participation In Clinical Research: One Sphere Of Justice, Charles Weijer Jan 1999

Selecting Subjects For Participation In Clinical Research: One Sphere Of Justice, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

Recent guidelines from the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) mandate the inclusion of adequate numbers of women in clinical trials. Ought such standards to apply internationally? Walzer's theory of justice is brought to bear on the problem, the first use of the theory in research ethics, and it argues for broad application of the principle of adequate representation. A number of practical conclusions for research ethics committees (RECs) are outlined. Eligibility criteria in clinical trials ought to be justified by trial designers. Research ethics committees ought to question criteria that seem to exclude unnecessarily women from research participation ...


Compassion As A Means To Freedom, Julian Friedland Jan 1999

Compassion As A Means To Freedom, Julian Friedland

Julian Friedland

No abstract provided.


The Syntax And Semantics Of Mixed Quotation, Robert Stainton Jan 1999

The Syntax And Semantics Of Mixed Quotation, Robert Stainton

Robert J. Stainton

No abstract provided.


Seeking The Soul Of Science: Science In China And The West Compared Through An Understanding Of Philosophical Perspective By Wang Shanbo, Chenyang Li Dec 1998

Seeking The Soul Of Science: Science In China And The West Compared Through An Understanding Of Philosophical Perspective By Wang Shanbo, Chenyang Li

Chenyang Li

No abstract provided.


Why Should We Include Women And Minorities In Randomized Controlled Trials?, Charles Weijer, R. Crouch Dec 1998

Why Should We Include Women And Minorities In Randomized Controlled Trials?, Charles Weijer, R. Crouch

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.