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Philosophy

1999

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Articles 1 - 30 of 340

Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

The Socratic Fallacy In The Early Dialogues, Priscilla Sakezles Dec 1999

The Socratic Fallacy In The Early Dialogues, Priscilla Sakezles

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

In ‘Plato’s Euthyphro: An Analysis and Commentary’ (33), Peter Geach attributes two assumptions to Socrates which he calls the ‘Socratic Fallacy’ since its locus classicus is the early Socratic dialogues:

(A) if you know you are correctly predicating a given term ‘T,’ you must ‘know what it is to be T’ in the sense of being able to give a general criterion for a thing’s being T;

(B) it is no use to try and arrive at the meaning of‘T’ by giving examples of things that are T.

Geach claims that (B) follows from (A) because assuming ...


George Grote On Plato And Athenian Democracy: A Study In Classical Reception, Kyriakos Demetriou Dec 1999

George Grote On Plato And Athenian Democracy: A Study In Classical Reception, Kyriakos Demetriou

Kyriakos N. Demetriou

George Grote (1794-1871) belonged to the leading Philosophic Radicals of early Victorian Britain. A student of James Mill and Jeremy Bentham, a self-educated classical scholar, and a committed utilitarian liberal, he succeeded in revolutionizing the field of Greek studies. The author draws on both unpublished works of Grote and also a wide range of published material, with emphasis on the History of Greece and Plato and the other Companions of Sokrates, to give us this study of the historian's thought and understanding of classical Greece. The book starts with an examination of Grote's early intellectual influences and then ...


Ibpp Research Associates: France Dec 1999

Ibpp Research Associates: France

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The article discusses governments that are more concerned with strategic security than with that of its citizens and gives priority to military spending to the detriment of social expenditure.


Naturalism Logicized, Kevin Kelly Dec 1999

Naturalism Logicized, Kevin Kelly

Department of Philosophy

Kevin Kelly. Naturalism Logicized.


Trends. Demonstrating At The World Trade Organization: The Rise And Fall Of Global An-Anarchists Dec 1999

Trends. Demonstrating At The World Trade Organization: The Rise And Fall Of Global An-Anarchists

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The article discusses the existence of anarchists.


What Is The Thing Called “Humanistic Mathematics?”, Tamar Apel Dec 1999

What Is The Thing Called “Humanistic Mathematics?”, Tamar Apel

Humanistic Mathematics Network Journal

No abstract provided.


A Reflection On The Word: Remembering The Word “Word” Is Reflexive, Paul Fjelstad, Ivan Ginchev Dec 1999

A Reflection On The Word: Remembering The Word “Word” Is Reflexive, Paul Fjelstad, Ivan Ginchev

Humanistic Mathematics Network Journal

No abstract provided.


The Role Of Values In Mathematics Education, Murad Jurdak Dec 1999

The Role Of Values In Mathematics Education, Murad Jurdak

Humanistic Mathematics Network Journal

No abstract provided.


The ‘Digression’ In Plato’S Theaetetus: A New Interpretation, David Levy Dec 1999

The ‘Digression’ In Plato’S Theaetetus: A New Interpretation, David Levy

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

In this paper I argue that the “digression” (Tht. 172D-177C) plays a central role in Plato’s overall critique of Protagoras’s measure doctrine. Properly understood, the digression itself constitutes an argument against accepting a particular interpretation of the measure doctrine. This argument is based upon the unacceptable moral and political consequences that result from an institutional validation of extreme conventionalism. Commentators, such as Robin Waterfield and Gilbert Ryle, who dismiss this passage as pointless, and translators, such as Gwynneth Matthews, who omit the passage entirely, fail to draw the important connections among the measure doctrine, the Athenian legal system ...


The Transformation Of The Investigation Of F In Plato's Dramas Of Definition, David Wolfsdorf Dec 1999

The Transformation Of The Investigation Of F In Plato's Dramas Of Definition, David Wolfsdorf

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

In this paper I consider which formal characteristics, if any, occur in the investigations. In addition, I am interested in whether there is a transformation of formal characteristics among the dramas of definition.

Methodologically, the paper focuses on what I call the surface claims and arguments of the text. By that I mean the explicit claims and arguments Socrates and his interlocutors make about the identity of F. This aspect of the texts is distinguished from their literary or dramatic aspects as well as any indirect claims and arguments about F, however these might occur. The neglect of the literary ...


Review Of The Cambridge Companion To Mill, Henry West Nov 1999

Review Of The Cambridge Companion To Mill, Henry West

Henry R. West, Retired

No abstract provided.


Which Kind Of Legal Order? Logical Coherence And Praxeological Coherence, Mario Rizzo Nov 1999

Which Kind Of Legal Order? Logical Coherence And Praxeological Coherence, Mario Rizzo

Mario Rizzo

This article addresses the classic question: How can the common law ensure relative certainty of expectations and also adapt to economic or other changes in society?


A Case Study “The Concrete Sumo” Exigent Decision-Making In Engineering, Michael Pritchard Nov 1999

A Case Study “The Concrete Sumo” Exigent Decision-Making In Engineering, Michael Pritchard

Michael Pritchard

No abstract available


Grundlagenreflexionen Zur Thematik Anthropomorpher Schnittstellen, Rudolf Kaehr Nov 1999

Grundlagenreflexionen Zur Thematik Anthropomorpher Schnittstellen, Rudolf Kaehr

Rudolf Kaehr

Report for the EMBASSI Project


Elementary Axioms For Local Maps Of Toposes, Steve Awodey, Lars Birkedal Nov 1999

Elementary Axioms For Local Maps Of Toposes, Steve Awodey, Lars Birkedal

Department of Philosophy

We present a complete elementary axiomatization of local maps of toposes.


What's The Price Of A Research Subject?, Charles Weijer Nov 1999

What's The Price Of A Research Subject?, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


If Deliberative Democracy Is The Solution, What Is The Problem?, Emily Hauptmann Nov 1999

If Deliberative Democracy Is The Solution, What Is The Problem?, Emily Hauptmann

Center for the Study of Ethics in Society Papers

Presented March 18, 1999 for the Center for the Study of Ethics in Society.


In Vitro Fertilization: Truth And Consequences, Mark Yavarone Nov 1999

In Vitro Fertilization: Truth And Consequences, Mark Yavarone

The Linacre Quarterly

No abstract provided.


[Book Reviews Of] The Hand Of God: A Journey From Death To Life By The Abortion Doctor Who Changed His Mind, By Bernard N. Nathanson / Nature, The Physician, And The Family, The Collected Works Of Herbert Ratner, Md., Donald Demarco, Eugene F. Diamond Nov 1999

[Book Reviews Of] The Hand Of God: A Journey From Death To Life By The Abortion Doctor Who Changed His Mind, By Bernard N. Nathanson / Nature, The Physician, And The Family, The Collected Works Of Herbert Ratner, Md., Donald Demarco, Eugene F. Diamond

The Linacre Quarterly

No abstract provided.


Bonjour, Kant, And The 'A Priori', Kurt Mosser Nov 1999

Bonjour, Kant, And The 'A Priori', Kurt Mosser

Philosophy Faculty Publications

In his 1985 The Structure of Empirical Knowledge, Laurence BonJour presented a compelling and articulate defense of a coherence theory of knowledge. Following what he called a “dialectical” strategy, he began by indicating the central issue at stake: the justification of empirical knowledge claims. He then argued that no available foundationalist or coherentist account could provide that justification, and that all such attempts either end in sheer dogmatism, or succumb to skepticism. After a lengthy critical discussion, he turned to developing a argument for his own view, combining a correspondence theory of truth with a coherence theory of justification. He ...


Sagp Newsletter 1999-2000.2 November, Anthony Preus Nov 1999

Sagp Newsletter 1999-2000.2 November, Anthony Preus

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

Announcement of the SAGP panels with the Eastern Division of the American Philosophical Association in Boston, December 28, 1999, and with the American Philological Association in Dallas, December 28, 1999.


The Coming Slavery: The Determinism Of Herbert Spencer, Mario Rizzo Oct 1999

The Coming Slavery: The Determinism Of Herbert Spencer, Mario Rizzo

Mario Rizzo

Herbert Spencer (1820–1903) believed that Victorian Britain was moving toward a society of total regimentation (slavery). This movement was part of a cosmic process of evolution and dissolution. While the long-run (but not ultimate) destination of society was a higher form of social organization based on voluntary and complex interpersonal relationships, the immediate tendency was retrograde—a movement away from the liberation of mankind from the bondage of previous eras. This Article explores (1) the reasons for the retrograde movement, (2) its inevitability, and (3) the role of ideas in the process. The general conclusion is that in an ...


Thinking Clearly About Research Risk: Implications Of The Work Of Benjamin Freedman, Charles Weijer Oct 1999

Thinking Clearly About Research Risk: Implications Of The Work Of Benjamin Freedman, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


Protecting Communities In Research: Current Guidelines And Limits Of Extrapolation, Charles Weijer, Gary Goldsand, Ezekiel Emanuel Oct 1999

Protecting Communities In Research: Current Guidelines And Limits Of Extrapolation, Charles Weijer, Gary Goldsand, Ezekiel Emanuel

Charles Weijer

As genetic research increasingly focuses on communities, there have been calls for extending research protections to them. We critically examine guidelines developed to protect aboriginal communities and consider their applicability to other communities. These guidelines are based on a model of researcher-community partnership and span the phases of a research project, from protocol development to publication. The complete list of 23 protections may apply to those few non-aboriginal communities, such as the Amish, that are highly cohesive. Although some protections may be applicable to less-cohesive communities, such as Ashkenazi Jews, analysis suggests substantial problems in extending these guidelines in toto ...


Gun Control, Hugh Lafollette Oct 1999

Gun Control, Hugh Lafollette

Center for the Study of Ethics in Society Papers

Presented October 22, 1998 for the Center for the Study of Ethics in Society.


Belief Or 'Belief': Rush Rhees On Religious Belief Language, Todd R. Long Oct 1999

Belief Or 'Belief': Rush Rhees On Religious Belief Language, Todd R. Long

Philosophy

The recent book Rush Rhees on Religion and Philosophy contains a stimulating collection of writin~s by Rush Rhees on a variety of topics in the philosophy of religion. Comprising accounts of personal, religious and moral struggles, these essays provide a refreshing change from the often dry, overly technical approach to philosophy writing. Despite spanning more than thirty years, Rhees' s essays disclose a fairly consistent philosophy .of religion with a clear emphasis. Since he was Wittgenstein's student and long-time friend as well as a literary executor ofWittgenstein's writings, it is not surprising that Rhees's comments on ...


Review Of A Measured Pace: Toward A Philosophical Understanding Of Dance By Francis Sparshott, Curtis L. Carter Oct 1999

Review Of A Measured Pace: Toward A Philosophical Understanding Of Dance By Francis Sparshott, Curtis L. Carter

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Theistic Ethics : Toward A Christian Solution, David J. Baggett Oct 1999

Theistic Ethics : Toward A Christian Solution, David J. Baggett

Faculty Publications and Presentations

No abstract provided.


Eros And Transgression In An Age Of Immanence: Georges Bataille’S (Religious) Critique Of Kinsey, James Shields Oct 1999

Eros And Transgression In An Age Of Immanence: Georges Bataille’S (Religious) Critique Of Kinsey, James Shields

Faculty Journal Articles

This paper explores the religious implications of eroticism in Western culture since the Sexual Revolution, a period at once applauded for its open and immanent view of sexuality and denounced for its shamelessness and promiscuity. After discussing the work and effects of Alfred C. Kinsey, the father of the Sexual Revolution, I focus on a critical appraisal of Kinsey written by French theorist Georges Bataille (“Kinsey, the Underworld and Work,” in L’Erotisme, 1957). Bataille situates contemporary Western sexuality within a larger historical movement towards the “desacralization” of all aspects of human life: sex, under the scientific gaze of the ...


Research Involving The Vulnerable Sick, Charles Weijer Sep 1999

Research Involving The Vulnerable Sick, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

Research involving the vulnerable sick raises difficult challenges for investigators and Institutional Review Boards. Exactly who among the ill counts as vulnerable is a matter of judgement, and involves consideration of susceptibility to harm and capacity to provide free and informed consent. A balanced approach is required when protections are considered, and the benefits as well as the risks of research participation must be carefully weighed. A variety of protections for the vulnerable sick in research are available, including enrolling subjects in a study only with a strong justification, ensuring that consent is free and comprehending, and setting limits on ...