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Philosophy

1997

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Articles 1 - 30 of 319

Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Analytic Methodology And Chinese Philosophy, Bo Mou Dec 1997

Analytic Methodology And Chinese Philosophy, Bo Mou

Bo Mou

No abstract provided.


Porphyry And Plotinus On The Reality Of Relations, Dirk Baltzly Dec 1997

Porphyry And Plotinus On The Reality Of Relations, Dirk Baltzly

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

Both Plotinus and Porphyry contribute in their own ways to the tradition of neoplatonic commentaries on Aristotle’s Categories. In 6.1-2, Plotinus argues that Aristotle’s ten categories are not adequate as an account of the genera of Being and that for this purpose they ought to be supplanted by the five greatest kinds from Plato’s Sophist. In 6.3, he acknowledges that it would be desirable to have a system of categories, not genera, for the sensible realm. He proposes several reductions of Aristotle’s ten categories to more compact schemes and finally seems to settle on ...


Second Cause In Posterior Analytics Ii.11, Evelyn Barker Dec 1997

Second Cause In Posterior Analytics Ii.11, Evelyn Barker

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

I contend that the second cause of Posterior Analytics II.11 expresses Aristotle's doctrine of material cause as hypothetical necessity in Physics II. Aristotle presents two formulations of the second cause in Posterior Analytics II. 11, which he "clearly" means to be equivalent. These two formulations of the second cause, taken literally without reference to the definition of the syllogism, fit Aristotle's description of a material cause being "hypothetical necessity" in Physics II - that is, a necessary means to produce a goal. In Physics II.9 Aristotle's thesis that an elementary mathematical definition is a "hypothetical necessity ...


Predicative Functionals And An Interpretation Of Id^_, Jeremy Avigad Dec 1997

Predicative Functionals And An Interpretation Of Id^_, Jeremy Avigad

Department of Philosophy

In 1958 Gödel published his Dialectica interpretation, which reduces classical arithmetic to a quantifier-free theory T axiomatizing the primitive recursive functionals of finite type.


Postmodernism And Totalitarianism: Freedom Not To Be Free Dec 1997

Postmodernism And Totalitarianism: Freedom Not To Be Free

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article describes how postmodern psychologies may lead to very modern consequences.


Trends. International Trade And The Subversion Of Justice: Japan, The European Union, And Iraq Dec 1997

Trends. International Trade And The Subversion Of Justice: Japan, The European Union, And Iraq

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The author discusses the moral philosophy, the psychology of moral judgment, and treatises on law often suggest that justice subsumes some combination of behavioral and intentional accountability and equity.


When The "Soft" Sciences Become Hard: The Safety Of Canadian Nuclear Reactors Dec 1997

When The "Soft" Sciences Become Hard: The Safety Of Canadian Nuclear Reactors

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The author discusses the ins-and-outs of the safety of Canadian nuclear reactors.


Reply To Humphreys And Freedman's Review Of Causation, Prediction, And Search, Peter Spirtes, Calrk Glymour, Richard Scheines Dec 1997

Reply To Humphreys And Freedman's Review Of Causation, Prediction, And Search, Peter Spirtes, Calrk Glymour, Richard Scheines

Department of Philosophy

No abstract provided.


An Intervening Cause Counterexample To Railton’S Dnp Model Of Explanation, Stuart Gluck, Steven Gimbel Dec 1997

An Intervening Cause Counterexample To Railton’S Dnp Model Of Explanation, Stuart Gluck, Steven Gimbel

Philosophy Faculty Publications

Peter Railton (1978) has introduced the influential deductive-nomological-probabilistic (DNP) model of explanation which is the culmination of a tradition of formal, nonpragmatic accounts of scientific explanation. The other models in this tradition have been shown to be susceptiblet o a class of counterexamplesin volvingi nterveningc auses which speak against their sufficiency. This treatment has never been extended to the DNP model; we contend that the usual form of these counterexamples is ineffective in this case. However, we develop below a new version which overcomes these difficulties. Thus we claim that all of the models in this tradition, DNP included, have ...


Collecting Birds: The Importance Of Moral Debate, Marc Bekoff, Andrzej Elzanowski Dec 1997

Collecting Birds: The Importance Of Moral Debate, Marc Bekoff, Andrzej Elzanowski

ATT

No abstract provided.


The Morality Of Intimate Faculty-Student Relationships, Nicholas Dixon Dec 1997

The Morality Of Intimate Faculty-Student Relationships, Nicholas Dixon

Center for the Study of Ethics in Society Papers

Presented September 19, 1996 for the Center for the Study of Ethics in Society


Japan And Ethiopia: An Appraisal Of Similarities And Divergent Courses, Messay Kebede Dec 1997

Japan And Ethiopia: An Appraisal Of Similarities And Divergent Courses, Messay Kebede

Philosophy Faculty Publications

The idea of a comparison between pre-1935 Ethiopia with Japan before and during the Meiji Restoration arouses contradictory reactions among students of Ethiopia. Some find the idea indefensible, others judge it quite reasonable and instructive. Those who reject the parallel do so by emphasizing the social gap which separated Japan and Ethiopia, while those who welcome the idea base their arguments on historical similarities and on the identity of objectives of their respective modernizing circles. Thus, among the first group, Shiferaw Bekele contests the seriousness of a parallel between Japan and Ethiopia, arguing that the Ethiopian leaders had only a ...


The Multivisions Of Multi-Culturalism, Edward W. James Dec 1997

The Multivisions Of Multi-Culturalism, Edward W. James

Bridgewater Review

No abstract provided.


Ousia In Metaphysics Vii And Viii: A Syntactic Study, Christopher Shields Dec 1997

Ousia In Metaphysics Vii And Viii: A Syntactic Study, Christopher Shields

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

The submitted paper IS the original abstract.


Energeia And Entelecheia: Their Conception, Development And Relation, Thomas Olshewsky Dec 1997

Energeia And Entelecheia: Their Conception, Development And Relation, Thomas Olshewsky

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

Stephen Menn, in his recent article on energeia and dynamis, has stirred the coals of recent controversy about understandings of Aristotle’s terms 'energeia' and ‘entelecheia', controversy about which he himself seemed totally oblivious. While he offered us careful explorations of Aristotle’s texts, he took no note of similar studies from over a quarter century ago by Chen Chuang-Hwan and by George Blair, nor of the more recent works by Blair, Daniel Graham and John Rist. So much the worse for his efforts, since these cover much of the same territory with conclusions rather divergent from his own. He ...


Probable Causes And The Distinction Between Subjective And Objective Chance, Stuart Glennan Nov 1997

Probable Causes And The Distinction Between Subjective And Objective Chance, Stuart Glennan

Stuart Glennan

In this paper I present both a critical appraisal of Humphreys' probabilistic theory of causality and a sketch of an alternative view of the relationship between the notions of probability and of cause. Though I do not doubt that determinism is false, I claim that the examples used to motivate Humphreys' theory typically refer to subjective rather than objective chance. Additionally, I argue on a number of grounds that Humphreys' suggestion that linear regression models be used as a canonical form for the description of causal relations is untenable. I conclude by exploring the variety of ways in which probabilistic ...


Trends. Human Rights And Mental Health: What Happens When The Right Are Wrong? Nov 1997

Trends. Human Rights And Mental Health: What Happens When The Right Are Wrong?

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

In this analysis the author discusses the moral and ethical criteria of those who seek to prevent human rights violations.


The Reemergence Of Kantian Ethics: Have We Adequately Responded To Hegel's Objections?, Gwen C. Thompson Nov 1997

The Reemergence Of Kantian Ethics: Have We Adequately Responded To Hegel's Objections?, Gwen C. Thompson

Dissertations and Theses

The philosophies of Kant and Hegel have experienced a renaissance for the past thirty years, and a debate continues as to whether Hegel's objections to Kant's moral philosophy are sound, and/or whether Hegel's ethics are an improvement on Kant's. This debate takes many forms, and most recently, theorists have been interested in measuring Hegel's objections against contemporary theories following in the Kantian tradition. 'Critics,' (theorists defending Hegel's moral point of view) suggests such reconstructed theories leave themselves open to identical criticisms Hegel wielded at Kant almost 200 years ago. 'Defenders,' (theorists supporting Kant ...


Belief Revision Conditionals: Models Of Suppositional Reasoning, Horacio Arlo-Costa Nov 1997

Belief Revision Conditionals: Models Of Suppositional Reasoning, Horacio Arlo-Costa

Department of Philosophy

Horacio Arlo-Costa. Belief Revision Conditionals: Models of Suppositional Reasoning.


The Object And The Study Of Mathematics, Pinar Karaca Nov 1997

The Object And The Study Of Mathematics, Pinar Karaca

Humanistic Mathematics Network Journal

No abstract provided.


A Course In Mathematical Ethics, Robert P. Webber Nov 1997

A Course In Mathematical Ethics, Robert P. Webber

Humanistic Mathematics Network Journal

No abstract provided.


[Book Review Of] Euthanasia Examined, John Keown, Ed., John Hartley Nov 1997

[Book Review Of] Euthanasia Examined, John Keown, Ed., John Hartley

The Linacre Quarterly

No abstract provided.


The Ontological Argument For Colombian Narcoguerrillas In United States (Us) Anti-Drug Programs Oct 1997

The Ontological Argument For Colombian Narcoguerrillas In United States (Us) Anti-Drug Programs

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article describes some conceptual fallacies in US anti-drug programs towards Colombia.


Victorian Cyprus: Society And Institutions In The Aftermath Of The Anglo-Turkish Convention, 1878-91, Kyriakos Demetriou Oct 1997

Victorian Cyprus: Society And Institutions In The Aftermath Of The Anglo-Turkish Convention, 1878-91, Kyriakos Demetriou

Kyriakos N. Demetriou

The essay brings to light neglected and widely unknown sources on Cyprus from the late Victorian period and fills a literary and bibliographical lacuna in this respect. The account on Cyprus is here informed by the keen and critical eye of the Victorian politician, scholar, traveller, or ambitious businessman, and no consistent use is made of public records and documents. Of their works, some were compiled chiefly from already existing sources but some were noticeably fascinating and essential guides for those interested in finding out more about contemporary Cyprus. It cannot be overlooked that nineteenth-century Britain was a journalising society ...


Kuhn's Model Of Revolutionary Science: Evidence For A Coherence Criteria Of Truth, Angela Burnette '97 Oct 1997

Kuhn's Model Of Revolutionary Science: Evidence For A Coherence Criteria Of Truth, Angela Burnette '97

Honors Projects

Kuhn argues that a paradigm generally emerges from among such competing schools as the result of a particularly attractive or powerful accomplishment that places one school in a better position than the others. With the establishment and common acceptance of one particular theoretical structure, researchers can direct their observations and experiments in accordance with the ontological and methodological landscape provided by the agreed upon paradigm. Under such guidance, scientists are in a position to judge the value of various observations, and delineate between important lines of investigation and those without promise. Thus normal science, in contrast to its "immature" precursor ...


The Placebo Effect, Charles Weijer Oct 1997

The Placebo Effect, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


Amnesty For Amnesty: Towards An International Criminal Court Oct 1997

Amnesty For Amnesty: Towards An International Criminal Court

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This paper articulates some of the psychological and philosophical Issues underlying political conflict on the question of amnesty.


The Construction Of Nature "Through A Dark, Unreflected Intuition", Michael Vater Oct 1997

The Construction Of Nature "Through A Dark, Unreflected Intuition", Michael Vater

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Sagp-Ssips 1997, Anthony Preus Oct 1997

Sagp-Ssips 1997, Anthony Preus

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

Program of the 1997 SAGP-SSIPS Conference


Some Truth About Truth Commissions Ii Sep 1997

Some Truth About Truth Commissions Ii

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

In "Some Truth about Truth Commissions," 1(12), 1-3, IBPP described some of the main purposes and consequences of political truth commissions. In the present article, IBPP describes some of the problems inherent in discharging one potential responsibility of such commissions--managing the disposition of secret files developed by a previous government on the citizens that government allegedly represented.