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Philosophy

1997

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Articles 1 - 30 of 355

Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Analytic Methodology And Chinese Philosophy, Bo Mou Dec 1997

Analytic Methodology And Chinese Philosophy, Bo Mou

Bo Mou

No abstract provided.


Porphyry And Plotinus On The Reality Of Relations, Dirk Baltzly Dec 1997

Porphyry And Plotinus On The Reality Of Relations, Dirk Baltzly

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

Both Plotinus and Porphyry contribute in their own ways to the tradition of neoplatonic commentaries on Aristotle’s Categories. In 6.1-2, Plotinus argues that Aristotle’s ten categories are not adequate as an account of the genera of Being and that for this purpose they ought to be supplanted by the five greatest kinds from Plato’s Sophist. In 6.3, he acknowledges that it would be desirable to have a system of categories, not genera, for the sensible realm. He proposes several reductions of Aristotle’s ten categories to more compact schemes and finally seems to settle on ...


Second Cause In Posterior Analytics Ii.11, Evelyn Barker Dec 1997

Second Cause In Posterior Analytics Ii.11, Evelyn Barker

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

I contend that the second cause of Posterior Analytics II.11 expresses Aristotle's doctrine of material cause as hypothetical necessity in Physics II. Aristotle presents two formulations of the second cause in Posterior Analytics II. 11, which he "clearly" means to be equivalent. These two formulations of the second cause, taken literally without reference to the definition of the syllogism, fit Aristotle's description of a material cause being "hypothetical necessity" in Physics II - that is, a necessary means to produce a goal. In Physics II.9 Aristotle's thesis that an elementary mathematical definition is a "hypothetical necessity ...


Predicative Functionals And An Interpretation Of Id^_, Jeremy Avigad Dec 1997

Predicative Functionals And An Interpretation Of Id^_, Jeremy Avigad

Department of Philosophy

In 1958 Gödel published his Dialectica interpretation, which reduces classical arithmetic to a quantifier-free theory T axiomatizing the primitive recursive functionals of finite type.


Postmodernism And Totalitarianism: Freedom Not To Be Free Dec 1997

Postmodernism And Totalitarianism: Freedom Not To Be Free

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article describes how postmodern psychologies may lead to very modern consequences.


Trends. International Trade And The Subversion Of Justice: Japan, The European Union, And Iraq, Editor Dec 1997

Trends. International Trade And The Subversion Of Justice: Japan, The European Union, And Iraq, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The author discusses the moral philosophy, the psychology of moral judgment, and treatises on law often suggest that justice subsumes some combination of behavioral and intentional accountability and equity.


When The "Soft" Sciences Become Hard: The Safety Of Canadian Nuclear Reactors Dec 1997

When The "Soft" Sciences Become Hard: The Safety Of Canadian Nuclear Reactors

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The author discusses the ins-and-outs of the safety of Canadian nuclear reactors.


Reply To Humphreys And Freedman's Review Of Causation, Prediction, And Search, Peter Spirtes, Calrk Glymour, Richard Scheines Dec 1997

Reply To Humphreys And Freedman's Review Of Causation, Prediction, And Search, Peter Spirtes, Calrk Glymour, Richard Scheines

Department of Philosophy

No abstract provided.


An Intervening Cause Counterexample To Railton’S Dnp Model Of Explanation, Stuart Gluck, Steven Gimbel Dec 1997

An Intervening Cause Counterexample To Railton’S Dnp Model Of Explanation, Stuart Gluck, Steven Gimbel

Philosophy Faculty Publications

Peter Railton (1978) has introduced the influential deductive-nomological-probabilistic (DNP) model of explanation which is the culmination of a tradition of formal, nonpragmatic accounts of scientific explanation. The other models in this tradition have been shown to be susceptiblet o a class of counterexamplesin volvingi nterveningc auses which speak against their sufficiency. This treatment has never been extended to the DNP model; we contend that the usual form of these counterexamples is ineffective in this case. However, we develop below a new version which overcomes these difficulties. Thus we claim that all of the models in this tradition, DNP included, have ...


Collecting Birds: The Importance Of Moral Debate, Marc Bekoff, Andrzej Elzanowski Dec 1997

Collecting Birds: The Importance Of Moral Debate, Marc Bekoff, Andrzej Elzanowski

ATT

No abstract provided.


The Morality Of Intimate Faculty-Student Relationships, Nicholas Dixon Dec 1997

The Morality Of Intimate Faculty-Student Relationships, Nicholas Dixon

Center for the Study of Ethics in Society Papers

Presented September 19, 1996 for the Center for the Study of Ethics in Society


Ousia In Metaphysics Vii And Viii: A Syntactic Study, Christopher Shields Dec 1997

Ousia In Metaphysics Vii And Viii: A Syntactic Study, Christopher Shields

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

The submitted paper IS the original abstract.


Energeia And Entelecheia: Their Conception, Development And Relation, Thomas Olshewsky Dec 1997

Energeia And Entelecheia: Their Conception, Development And Relation, Thomas Olshewsky

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

Stephen Menn, in his recent article on energeia and dynamis, has stirred the coals of recent controversy about understandings of Aristotle’s terms 'energeia' and ‘entelecheia', controversy about which he himself seemed totally oblivious. While he offered us careful explorations of Aristotle’s texts, he took no note of similar studies from over a quarter century ago by Chen Chuang-Hwan and by George Blair, nor of the more recent works by Blair, Daniel Graham and John Rist. So much the worse for his efforts, since these cover much of the same territory with conclusions rather divergent from his own. He ...


Japan And Ethiopia: An Appraisal Of Similarities And Divergent Courses, Messay Kebede Dec 1997

Japan And Ethiopia: An Appraisal Of Similarities And Divergent Courses, Messay Kebede

Philosophy Faculty Publications

The idea of a comparison between pre-1935 Ethiopia with Japan before and during the Meiji Restoration arouses contradictory reactions among students of Ethiopia. Some find the idea indefensible, others judge it quite reasonable and instructive. Those who reject the parallel do so by emphasizing the social gap which separated Japan and Ethiopia, while those who welcome the idea base their arguments on historical similarities and on the identity of objectives of their respective modernizing circles. Thus, among the first group, Shiferaw Bekele contests the seriousness of a parallel between Japan and Ethiopia, arguing that the Ethiopian leaders had only a ...


The Multivisions Of Multi-Culturalism, Edward W. James Dec 1997

The Multivisions Of Multi-Culturalism, Edward W. James

Bridgewater Review

No abstract provided.


Probable Causes And The Distinction Between Subjective And Objective Chance, Stuart Glennan Nov 1997

Probable Causes And The Distinction Between Subjective And Objective Chance, Stuart Glennan

Stuart Glennan

In this paper I present both a critical appraisal of Humphreys' probabilistic theory of causality and a sketch of an alternative view of the relationship between the notions of probability and of cause. Though I do not doubt that determinism is false, I claim that the examples used to motivate Humphreys' theory typically refer to subjective rather than objective chance. Additionally, I argue on a number of grounds that Humphreys' suggestion that linear regression models be used as a canonical form for the description of causal relations is untenable. I conclude by exploring the variety of ways in which probabilistic ...


Trends. Human Rights And Mental Health: What Happens When The Right Are Wrong?, Editor Nov 1997

Trends. Human Rights And Mental Health: What Happens When The Right Are Wrong?, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

In this analysis the author discusses the moral and ethical criteria of those who seek to prevent human rights violations.


Dorothy L. Sayers: Thinking Passionately, Marjorie Lamp Mead Nov 1997

Dorothy L. Sayers: Thinking Passionately, Marjorie Lamp Mead

The C. S. Lewis & Friends Colloquium

No abstract provided.


Perspectives In Strength: Four Women In The Writings Of Lewis And Tolkien, Angela Fortner, Peter Marshall Nov 1997

Perspectives In Strength: Four Women In The Writings Of Lewis And Tolkien, Angela Fortner, Peter Marshall

The C. S. Lewis & Friends Colloquium

No abstract provided.


Some Shattering Simplicity: Suffering, Love, And Faith In The Thought Of C.S. Lewis, Jennifer Woodruff Nov 1997

Some Shattering Simplicity: Suffering, Love, And Faith In The Thought Of C.S. Lewis, Jennifer Woodruff

The C. S. Lewis & Friends Colloquium

No abstract provided.


The Apologetics Of Chesterton And Lewis In A World Marked By Disbelief, Michael R. Smith Nov 1997

The Apologetics Of Chesterton And Lewis In A World Marked By Disbelief, Michael R. Smith

The C. S. Lewis & Friends Colloquium

No abstract provided.


Wordsmiths As Warriors: The Intellectual Honesty Of G.K. Chesterton And C.S. Lewis, J. Daryl Charles Nov 1997

Wordsmiths As Warriors: The Intellectual Honesty Of G.K. Chesterton And C.S. Lewis, J. Daryl Charles

The C. S. Lewis & Friends Colloquium

No abstract provided.


Unto The End Of The World: Omega Point Eschatology In C.S. Lewis And Pierre Teilhard De Chardin, Chris Smith Nov 1997

Unto The End Of The World: Omega Point Eschatology In C.S. Lewis And Pierre Teilhard De Chardin, Chris Smith

The C. S. Lewis & Friends Colloquium

No abstract provided.


Cliffhangers And Extracts From Fact And Fantasy, Dan Hamilton Nov 1997

Cliffhangers And Extracts From Fact And Fantasy, Dan Hamilton

The C. S. Lewis & Friends Colloquium

No abstract provided.


George Macdonald And Medicine, Darrel Hotmire Nov 1997

George Macdonald And Medicine, Darrel Hotmire

The C. S. Lewis & Friends Colloquium

No abstract provided.


The Speaking Elephant: Rightly Dividing Macdonald's Fairy Tales, Darren Hotmire Nov 1997

The Speaking Elephant: Rightly Dividing Macdonald's Fairy Tales, Darren Hotmire

The C. S. Lewis & Friends Colloquium

No abstract provided.


George Macdonald's Answer To The Victorian Crises Of Faith, Pam Jordan Nov 1997

George Macdonald's Answer To The Victorian Crises Of Faith, Pam Jordan

The C. S. Lewis & Friends Colloquium

No abstract provided.


The Abolition Of Man: First Principles And Pre-Evangelism (Or "What C.S. Lewis Taught My Brother"), Ted Dorman Nov 1997

The Abolition Of Man: First Principles And Pre-Evangelism (Or "What C.S. Lewis Taught My Brother"), Ted Dorman

The C. S. Lewis & Friends Colloquium

No abstract provided.


The Question Of Biblical Allegory In Tell We Have Faces, David Bedsole Nov 1997

The Question Of Biblical Allegory In Tell We Have Faces, David Bedsole

The C. S. Lewis & Friends Colloquium

No abstract provided.


Till We Have Faces: A Restoration Of Perspective On The Condition Of Man, Joan Alexander Nov 1997

Till We Have Faces: A Restoration Of Perspective On The Condition Of Man, Joan Alexander

The C. S. Lewis & Friends Colloquium

No abstract provided.