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Philosophy

1994

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Articles 1 - 30 of 151

Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

What Does Aristotle's Prime Mover Do?, Sarah Waterlow Broadie Dec 1994

What Does Aristotle's Prime Mover Do?, Sarah Waterlow Broadie

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

The Prime Mover of Metaphysics Lambda is the source, above all, of eternal motion in the first sphere. It may seem silly to ask 'What (according to Lambda) does the Prime Mover do?' The answer is obvious: 'He — or it — gives rise to the motion of the first sphere'. But according to a widely accepted interpretation, this is not what the Prime Mover does first and foremost; instead, the Mover essentially contemplates. This contemplative conception is my target here. I shall adduce reasons for suspecting that the contemplative Prime Mover is not an Aristotelian postulate in Lambda, but an exegetical ...


Being According To Aristotle's Metaphysics Delta, Richard Bodeus Dec 1994

Being According To Aristotle's Metaphysics Delta, Richard Bodeus

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

In ordinary language, what is said 'being' is so-called in several different ways. In his attempt to clarify this important point, Aristotle introduces distinctions that are not as easily grasped as one might at first believe. Commentators are particular troubled by what 'being per se' means, especially in relation to the 'categories'. Some of them are also surprised to see that Aristotle leaves no room for what one might call 'existential being.' And other aspects of Aristotle's account raise additional problems. I hope to contribute to a more successful understanding of Aristotle's general aim in this text.


Sex & Mysticism In Plato, John Thorp Dec 1994

Sex & Mysticism In Plato, John Thorp

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

It is a commonplace that Plato seems to entertain two rather different pictures of our access to knowledge of the forms. On the one hand there is anamnesis, remembering a knowledge that we had before our incarnation and that we have since forgotten – thus the Phaedo and the Meno. On the other, there is something that looks far more like abstractive generalization from sensible particulars – the Symposium is the best example, though there are elements of it also in the Republic and the Sophist. This paper argues that there is also a third epistemological model at work, which, for want ...


The Parts Of Definitions, Unity, And Sameness In Aristotle's Metaphysics, Mark R. Wheeler Dec 1994

The Parts Of Definitions, Unity, And Sameness In Aristotle's Metaphysics, Mark R. Wheeler

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

First principles (ἀρχάι) are crucial to Aristotle's conception of scientific knowledge (επιστήμη). In the Posterior Analytics, Aristotle teaches us that all scientific knowledge is either knowledge arrived at through demonstration from first principles or knowledge of the first principles themselves. The first principles of a given science are the primary premises (τὰ πρώτα) of that science (Pst. An., 72a7); they express the essential characteristics of the substance about which the given science is concerned; and all other scientific knowledge is derived from the first principles through syllogistic inference.

The first principles of the various sciences are expressed through definition ...


Will We Find Zion Or Make It? An Essay On Postmodernity And Revelation, Scott Abbott Nov 1994

Will We Find Zion Or Make It? An Essay On Postmodernity And Revelation, Scott Abbott

Scott Abbott

No abstract provided.


Sagp Newsletter 1994-95.1 November, Anthony Preus Nov 1994

Sagp Newsletter 1994-95.1 November, Anthony Preus

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

Announcement of the SAGP panels with the Eastern Division of the American Philosophical Association December 28, 1994, and with the American Philological Association, December 30, 1994.


A New Wave Dialectic1 The Reinvention Of Human Embryology, C. Ward Kischer Nov 1994

A New Wave Dialectic1 The Reinvention Of Human Embryology, C. Ward Kischer

The Linacre Quarterly

No abstract provided.


Sagp Ssips 1994 Addendum, Anthony Preus Oct 1994

Sagp Ssips 1994 Addendum, Anthony Preus

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

Addendum to the SAGP SSIPS Program October 1994


Go Figure! Refiguring Disfiguring, Gary Shapiro Oct 1994

Go Figure! Refiguring Disfiguring, Gary Shapiro

Philosophy Faculty Publications

In his extraordinary book, Disfiguring, Mark Taylor bursts into the marketplace of the contemporary artworld by bringing together the idea of the death of God with that of the death of art. In the artworld prices of Van Goghs, Monets, and Warhols go up and down; the glossy journals like Art in America chronicle these values discreetly and contain prospectuses for investments, whether in the form of actual advertising or in the pieces pushing the latest artist or style, or looking for hidden value in an old one. In this marketplace the death of God is also, it seems, old ...


Are Functional Accounts Of Goodness Relativist?, David E.W. Fenner Oct 1994

Are Functional Accounts Of Goodness Relativist?, David E.W. Fenner

Philosophy and Religious Studies Faculty Publications

The short answer, which will no doubt frustrate those who read to find the short answer, is yes and no. Yes in respect of the fact that all agents are not the same and so what is good for (or judged good by) one agent may be different from what is good for another agent. No in respect of the fact that normativity, or standards which range over agents relevantly similar, is still quite present. The point of this paper will be to unpack this position.


Newsletter: The Center For Professional Ethics, Fall 1994, Case Western Reserve University Oct 1994

Newsletter: The Center For Professional Ethics, Fall 1994, Case Western Reserve University

Center for Professional Ethics

Table of Contents:

  • Director's Corner by Robert P. Lawry
  • Doing Ethics
  • Comments on "House for Sale"
  • A Response to "House for Sale" by Jean Calhoun
  • Notice: Prominent Author and Law Professor to Address C.W.R.U.
  • Goodbye....
  • Welcome....
  • New & Notes


Philosophical Anarchism And Political Disobedience, Chaim Gans, Samantha Brennan Sep 1994

Philosophical Anarchism And Political Disobedience, Chaim Gans, Samantha Brennan

Samantha Brennan

No abstract provided.


The Quality Of Life, Amartya Sen And Martha Nussbaum, Samantha Brennan Sep 1994

The Quality Of Life, Amartya Sen And Martha Nussbaum, Samantha Brennan

Samantha Brennan

No abstract provided.


Biomedical Ethics In A Canadian Context, Charles Weijer Sep 1994

Biomedical Ethics In A Canadian Context, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


Review Of: The Genetic Frontier: Ethics, Law, And Policy (Mark S. Frankel & Albert Teich Eds., American Association For The Advancement Of Science 1994), Suzanne A. Sprunger Sep 1994

Review Of: The Genetic Frontier: Ethics, Law, And Policy (Mark S. Frankel & Albert Teich Eds., American Association For The Advancement Of Science 1994), Suzanne A. Sprunger

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment (1990-2002)

Review of: The Genetic Frontier: Ethics, Law, and Policy (Mark S. Frankel & Albert Teich eds., American Association for the Advancement of Science 1994). Acknowledgments, appendix, contributors, figures, index, introduction, notes, references, tables. LC 93-37230, ISBN 0-87168-526-4. [260 pp. Paper $22.95. 1333 H St., NW, Washington DC 20005.]


Review Of Quantum Mechanics And Experience By David Albert, Francisco Flores, Robert Clifton Sep 1994

Review Of Quantum Mechanics And Experience By David Albert, Francisco Flores, Robert Clifton

Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Paternalism And Rights, Samantha Brennan Aug 1994

Paternalism And Rights, Samantha Brennan

Samantha Brennan

No abstract provided.


[Book Reviews Of] Trust The Truth: A Symposium On The Twentieth Anniversary Of The Encyclical Humanae Vitae, Edited By Russell E. Smith And The Doctor And Christian Marriage, By H.P. Dunn, M.D., J. Daniel Mindling, Eugene F. Diamond Aug 1994

[Book Reviews Of] Trust The Truth: A Symposium On The Twentieth Anniversary Of The Encyclical Humanae Vitae, Edited By Russell E. Smith And The Doctor And Christian Marriage, By H.P. Dunn, M.D., J. Daniel Mindling, Eugene F. Diamond

The Linacre Quarterly

No abstract provided.


Aesthetic Alienation And The Art Of Modernity, Rory J. Conces Jul 1994

Aesthetic Alienation And The Art Of Modernity, Rory J. Conces

Philosophy Faculty Publications

Not long ago the walls of the world's great art museums were covered with realist portraiture, landscapes, and sacred scenes. That was pretty much the extent of canvas art. During the last hundred years. However, the scope of museum collections has become much more diverse. One can still find a lifelike portrait by Rubens, an idyllic landscape by Constable, or a sublime Christ scene by Raphael. Indeed, there even seems to be a bias towards realist and, what the French phenomenologist Maurice Merleau-Ponty called the "objectivist" prejudice.1 It is as though we expect art to function as a ...


Expected Utility And Constrained Maximization: Problems Of Compatibility, Hans Lottenbach Jul 1994

Expected Utility And Constrained Maximization: Problems Of Compatibility, Hans Lottenbach

Faculty Publications

In recent attempts at deriving morality from rationality expected utility theory has played a major role. In the most prominent such attempt, Gauthier'sMorals by Agreement, a mode of maximizing utility calledconstrained maximization is defended. I want to show that constrained maximization or any similar proposal cannot be coherently supported by expected utility theory. First, I point to an important implication of that theory. Second, I discuss the question of what the place of constrained maximization in utility theory might be. Third, I argue that no matter how we answer this question, expected utility theory cannot provide the ...


Incongruity And The Evocation Of Great Knowledge In The Chuang-Tzu, Philippe L. Gross, S. I. Shapiro Jul 1994

Incongruity And The Evocation Of Great Knowledge In The Chuang-Tzu, Philippe L. Gross, S. I. Shapiro

International Journal of Transpersonal Studies

No abstract provided.


Maxims In Kant's Moral Philosophy, Nelson T. Potter Jr. Jul 1994

Maxims In Kant's Moral Philosophy, Nelson T. Potter Jr.

Faculty Publications - Department of Philosophy

It has been noticed in the English-language literature concerning Kant's ethics, at least since Marcus Singer's extended discussion in later chapters of Generalization in Ethics! that the concept of a maxim plays a central role in the application of the categorical imperative, and that it is, for that reason, if not for others, worth detailed attention. In the present essay I wish to consider the Kantian concept of maxim in a broader context.


Moorean Absurdity And The Intentional 'Structure' Of Assertion, John N. Williams Jul 1994

Moorean Absurdity And The Intentional 'Structure' Of Assertion, John N. Williams

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

No abstract provided.


National Psyche: Acknowledging National Heritage, Margaret Rueffler Jul 1994

National Psyche: Acknowledging National Heritage, Margaret Rueffler

International Journal of Transpersonal Studies

No abstract provided.


Owl-Woman, Marcus Bussey Jul 1994

Owl-Woman, Marcus Bussey

International Journal of Transpersonal Studies

No abstract provided.


A Postmodern Perspective On Maslow´S Fourth Force Psychology: A Constructivist Alternative For Realizing An Eupsychian Workplace, R. I. Hayes Jul 1994

A Postmodern Perspective On Maslow´S Fourth Force Psychology: A Constructivist Alternative For Realizing An Eupsychian Workplace, R. I. Hayes

International Journal of Transpersonal Studies

No abstract provided.


Some Perceptions Of Perception, Don Diespecker Jul 1994

Some Perceptions Of Perception, Don Diespecker

International Journal of Transpersonal Studies

No abstract provided.


Book Review, Don Chipley, Erin Neill Jul 1994

Book Review, Don Chipley, Erin Neill

International Journal of Transpersonal Studies

No abstract provided.


Table Of Contents Jul 1994

Table Of Contents

Between the Species

No abstract provided.


Prefatory Notes Jul 1994

Prefatory Notes

Between the Species

No abstract provided.