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A Good Enough Heart: Kant And The Cultivation Of Emotions, Krista Karbowski Thomason Sep 2017

A Good Enough Heart: Kant And The Cultivation Of Emotions, Krista Karbowski Thomason

Philosophy Faculty Works

One way of understanding Kant’s views about moral emotions is the cultivation view. On this view, emotions play a role in Kantian morality provided they are properly cultivated. I evince a sceptical position about the cultivation view. First, I show that the textual evidence in support of cultivation is ambiguous. I then provide an account of emotions in Kant’s theory that explains both his positive and negative views about them. Emotions capture our attention such that they both disrupt the mind’s composure and serve as a surrogate for reason. As such, Kant cannot recommend that we cultivate ...


Brains In Vats? Don't Bother!, Peter Baumann Aug 2017

Brains In Vats? Don't Bother!, Peter Baumann

Philosophy Faculty Works

Contemporary discussions of epistemological skepticism – the view that we do not and cannot know anything about the world around us – focus very much on a certain kind of skeptical argument involving a skeptical scenario (a situation familiar from Descartes' First Meditation). According to the argument, knowing some ordinary proposition about the world (one we usually take ourselves to know) requires knowing we are not in some such skeptical scenario SK; however, since we cannot know that we are not in SK we also cannot know any ordinary proposition. One of the most prominent skeptical scenarios is the brain-in-the-vat-scenario: An evil ...


Is Everything Revisable?, Peter Baumann Jan 2017

Is Everything Revisable?, Peter Baumann

Philosophy Faculty Works

Over the decades, the claim that everything is revisable (defended by Quine and others) has played an important role in Epistemology and Philosophy of Science. Some time ago, Katz (1988) argued that this claim is paradoxical. This paper does not discuss this objection but rather argues that the claim of universal revisability allows for two different readings but in each case leads to a contradiction and is false.


Philosophy And Theology: Reflections On Interests And Regret, Christopher Kaczor Oct 2016

Philosophy And Theology: Reflections On Interests And Regret, Christopher Kaczor

Philosophy Faculty Works

The article provides an assessment of the burdens of continuing a pregnancy. Topics discussed include the burdens and costs of abortion, anecdotal evidence regarding feelings of regret after opting for abortion, reference to the book "A Defense of Abortion" by David Boonin, and the violinist argument, which must take account of the possible burdens of a crisis pregnancy.


Philosophy And Theology: Reflections On Speciesism, Christopher Kaczor Jul 2016

Philosophy And Theology: Reflections On Speciesism, Christopher Kaczor

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Knowledge Across Contexts. A Problem For Subject-Sensitive Invariantism, Peter Baumann Jun 2016

Knowledge Across Contexts. A Problem For Subject-Sensitive Invariantism, Peter Baumann

Philosophy Faculty Works

The possibility of knowledge attributions across contexts (where attributor and subject find themselves in different epistemic contexts) can create serious problems for certain views of knowledge. Amongst such views is subject-sensitive invariantism—the view that knowledge is determined not only by epistemic factors (belief, truth, evidence, etc.), but also by non-epistemic factors (practical interests, etc.). I argue that subject-sensitive invariantism either runs into a contradiction or has to make very implausible assumptions. The problem has been very much neglected but is so serious that one should look for alternative accounts of knowledge.


Philosophy And Theology: Reflections On A Future-Like-Ours And The Substance View, Christopher Kaczor Apr 2016

Philosophy And Theology: Reflections On A Future-Like-Ours And The Substance View, Christopher Kaczor

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Philosophy, Literature, Death, And Wisdom: On Philip Kitcher's "Deaths In Venice", Richard Thomas Eldridge Apr 2016

Philosophy, Literature, Death, And Wisdom: On Philip Kitcher's "Deaths In Venice", Richard Thomas Eldridge

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Epistemic Contrastivism, Knowledge And Practical Reasoning, Peter Baumann Feb 2016

Epistemic Contrastivism, Knowledge And Practical Reasoning, Peter Baumann

Philosophy Faculty Works

Epistemic contrastivism is the view that knowledge is a ternary relation between a person, a proposition and a set of contrast propositions. This view is in tension with widely shared accounts of practical reasoning: be it the claim that knowledge of the premises is necessary for acceptable practical reasoning based on them or sufficient for the acceptability of the use of the premises in practical reasoning, or be it the claim that there is a looser connection between knowledge and practical reasoning. Given plausible assumptions, epistemic contrastivism implies that we should cut all links between knowledge and practical reasoning. However ...


Philosophy And Theology: Reflections On Debating Dignity, Christopher Kaczor Jan 2016

Philosophy And Theology: Reflections On Debating Dignity, Christopher Kaczor

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


The Four Dimensions Of An Intellectual Virtue, Jason Baehr Jan 2016

The Four Dimensions Of An Intellectual Virtue, Jason Baehr

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Responsibilist Virtues And The ‘Charmed Inner Circle’ Of Traditional Epistemology, Jason Baehr Jan 2016

Responsibilist Virtues And The ‘Charmed Inner Circle’ Of Traditional Epistemology, Jason Baehr

Philosophy Faculty Works

In Judgment and Agency, Ernest Sosa takes “reliabilist” virtue epistemology deep into “responsibilist” territory, arguing that “a true epistemology” will assign “responsibilist-cum-reliabilist intellectual virtue the main role in addressing concerns at the center of the tradition.” However, Sosa stops short of granting this status to familiar responsibilist virtues like open-mindedness, intellectual courage, and intellectual humility. He cites three reasons for doing so: responsibilist virtues involve excessive motivational demands; they are quasi-ethical; and they are best understood, not as constituting knowledge, but rather as putting one “in a position” to know. I elaborate on and respond to each of these concerns ...


Philosophy And Theology: Reflections On Euthanasia, Christopher Kaczor Oct 2015

Philosophy And Theology: Reflections On Euthanasia, Christopher Kaczor

Philosophy Faculty Works

In this article the author discusses the views of Luc Bovens on euthanasia in referance to his work "Child Euthanasia: Should We Just Not Talk about It?". Topcis discussed include Palliative Care, Legalization of euthanasia, killing of patients than relieving pain, euthanasia for minors, and parents for pressuring of children into euthanasia by their parents.


Meaningful And More Meaningful: A Modest Measure, Peter Baumann Oct 2015

Meaningful And More Meaningful: A Modest Measure, Peter Baumann

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


On Alan Goldman’S "Philosophy And The Novel", Richard Thomas Eldridge Oct 2015

On Alan Goldman’S "Philosophy And The Novel", Richard Thomas Eldridge

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Philosophy And Theology: Separating Conjoined Twins, Christopher Kaczor Jul 2015

Philosophy And Theology: Separating Conjoined Twins, Christopher Kaczor

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Willful Understanding: Avicenna’S Philosophy Of Action And Theory Of The Will, Jon Mcginnis, Anthony Ruffus Jun 2015

Willful Understanding: Avicenna’S Philosophy Of Action And Theory Of The Will, Jon Mcginnis, Anthony Ruffus

Philosophy Faculty Works

In this study, we look at two interpretive puzzles associated with the thought of Avicenna that are still of intrinsic philosophical interest today. The first concerns to what extent, if at all, Avicenna’s deity can be said to act freely. The second concerns to what extent, if at all, humans within Avicenna’s philosophical system can be said to act freely. It is our contention that only through a careful analysis of Avicenna’s theory of action can one begin to assess his position concerning the status of the will and so provide a satisfactory response to these two ...


Philosophy And Theology: Artificial Gametes, Christopher Kaczor Apr 2015

Philosophy And Theology: Artificial Gametes, Christopher Kaczor

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


The Moral Value Of Envy, Krista Karbowski Thomason Mar 2015

The Moral Value Of Envy, Krista Karbowski Thomason

Philosophy Faculty Works

It is common to think that we would be morally better people if we never felt envy. Recently, some philosophers have rejected this conclusion by arguing that envy can often be directed toward unfairness or inequality. As such, they conclude that we should not suppress our feelings of envy. I argue, however, that these defenses only show that envy is sometimes morally permissible. In order to show that we would not be better off without envy, we must show how envy is not merely morally permissible, but morally valuable. Here I provide a defense of envy's moral value. I ...


Philosophy And Theology: Reflections On Dignity, Christopher Kaczor Jan 2015

Philosophy And Theology: Reflections On Dignity, Christopher Kaczor

Philosophy Faculty Works

The article discusses the human dignity of a person. The meaning of human dignity in the philosophy of religion means each and every person value or worth of great respect. In Catholic teachings it believes that human being are created in the image and likeness of God has had the dignity of a person.


Character Virtues, Epistemic Agency, And Reflective Knowledge, Jason Baehr Jan 2015

Character Virtues, Epistemic Agency, And Reflective Knowledge, Jason Baehr

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Review Of "Wittgenstein And Natural Religion" By G. Graham, Richard Thomas Eldridge Jan 2015

Review Of "Wittgenstein And Natural Religion" By G. Graham, Richard Thomas Eldridge

Philosophy Faculty Works

According to this richer reading of Wittgenstein, practices and uses matter: [...]philosophical understanding of religion as a human phenomenon" [p. xii] must be neither an abstract, intellectual theology, nor a form of physical-material science that denies the existence of will and commitment, nor a non-critical acceptance of all sincerely passionate ritual.


A Small Discovery: Avicenna's Theory Of Minima Naturalia, Jon Mcginnis Jan 2015

A Small Discovery: Avicenna's Theory Of Minima Naturalia, Jon Mcginnis

Philosophy Faculty Works

There has been a long-held misconception among historians of philosophy and science that apart from brief comments in Aristotle and Averroes, the theory of minima naturalia had to await Latin Schoolmen for its full articulation. Recently scholars have shown that far from sporadic comments on minima naturalia, Averroes in fact had a fully developed and well-integrated theory of them. In this study, I complement these scholars’ important work by considering Avicenna’s place in the history and development of the doctrine of the minima naturalia. There is no study to date that mentions Avicenna in connection with this doctrine despite ...


Intellectual Humility: Owning Our Limitations, Dennis Whitcomb, Heather Battaly, Jason Baehr, Daniel Howard-Snyder Jan 2015

Intellectual Humility: Owning Our Limitations, Dennis Whitcomb, Heather Battaly, Jason Baehr, Daniel Howard-Snyder

Philosophy Faculty Works

What is intellectual humility? In this essay, we aim to answer this question by assessing several contemporary accounts of intellectual humility, developing our own account, offering two reasons for our account, and meeting two objections and solving one puzzle


Forgiveness Or Fairness?, Krista Karbowski Thomason Jan 2015

Forgiveness Or Fairness?, Krista Karbowski Thomason

Philosophy Faculty Works

Several philosophers who argue that forgiveness is an important virtue also wish to maintain the moral value of retributive emotions that forgiveness is meant to overcome. As such, these accounts explicate forgiveness as an Aristotelian mean between too much resentment and too little resentment. I argue that such an account ends up making forgiveness superfluous: it turns out that the forgiving person is not praised for a greater willingness to let go of her resentment, but rather for her fairness or good judgment. I conclude by arguing that the virtue of fair-mindedness is more compatible with maintaining the value of ...


Review Of "After The Beautiful: Hegel And The Philosophy Of Pictorial Modernism" By R. B. Pippin, Richard Thomas Eldridge Jan 2015

Review Of "After The Beautiful: Hegel And The Philosophy Of Pictorial Modernism" By R. B. Pippin, Richard Thomas Eldridge

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Poetry And Emphatic Truth: Walter Benjamin’S Reading Of Hölderlin, Richard Thomas Eldridge Jan 2015

Poetry And Emphatic Truth: Walter Benjamin’S Reading Of Hölderlin, Richard Thomas Eldridge

Philosophy Faculty Works

Benjamin’s poetic theory is commented. It is noted that Benjamin follows Hölderlin in regarding a successful poem as a particular configuration that joins the intellectual and perceptual orders. Such a successful poem aims at and can possess not truth as correspondence to a given object, but rather what in the text is described as “emphatic truth”.


Knowledge, Assertion, And Inference, Peter Baumann Dec 2014

Knowledge, Assertion, And Inference, Peter Baumann

Philosophy Faculty Works

This paper argues that three plausible principles are mutually inconsistent: (KA) One ought to assert only what one knows; (AP) If it is proper to assert some proposition q, then it is, barring special and not very common circumstances, proper to assert any proposition p from which q has been competently inferred; and (AKN) Some propositions are both properly assertible and known by competent inference from propositions which one does not know. Each pair of two principles constitutes an argument against the remaining principle, but which principle should one drop?


O Modelo Da Interação Entre As Atividades Científicas E Os Valores Na Interpretação Das Práticas Científicas Contemporâneas, Hugh Lacey, P. R. Mariconda Dec 2014

O Modelo Da Interação Entre As Atividades Científicas E Os Valores Na Interpretação Das Práticas Científicas Contemporâneas, Hugh Lacey, P. R. Mariconda

Philosophy Faculty Works

In the first part of this article, we summarize the standardized version of the model of the interaction between scientific activities and values (M-CV) presented in Lacey & Mariconda (in press). Then, we sketch some arguments, developed (Lacey, in press) from the model, in favor of three proposals: (1) that there is a profound incoherence in the self understanding of the modern scientific tradition; (2) that the main options actually available to ensure continuity with the positive realizations of this tradition can be well represented by two sorts of ideal types that we name, respectively, "commercially orientated technoscience" and "multi-strategic research" (P-MS); and (3) that, despite the fact that TC predominates in the actual scientific institutions and that they leave little room for the development of P-MS, nevertheless, for the sake of the integrity of science and ...


No Luck With Knowledge? On A Dogma Of Epistemology, Peter Baumann Nov 2014

No Luck With Knowledge? On A Dogma Of Epistemology, Peter Baumann

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.