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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Commentary On Andrew Aberdein’S “Virtue Argumentation And Bias”, John Anthony Blair May 2016

Commentary On Andrew Aberdein’S “Virtue Argumentation And Bias”, John Anthony Blair

OSSA Conference Archive

No abstract provided.


Commentary On: “Ad Stuprum: The Fallacy Of Appeal To Sex”, Maureen Linker May 2016

Commentary On: “Ad Stuprum: The Fallacy Of Appeal To Sex”, Maureen Linker

OSSA Conference Archive

No abstract provided.


Commentary On Rania El Nakkouzi: “Legitimizing Past Actions Through Appeals To Moral Values”, Jeff Noonan May 2016

Commentary On Rania El Nakkouzi: “Legitimizing Past Actions Through Appeals To Moral Values”, Jeff Noonan

OSSA Conference Archive

No abstract provided.


Commentary On Ralph H. Johnson’S “On Distinguishing Between An Objection And A Criticism”, Jan Albert Van Laar May 2016

Commentary On Ralph H. Johnson’S “On Distinguishing Between An Objection And A Criticism”, Jan Albert Van Laar

OSSA Conference Archive

No abstract provided.


Commentary On Arguments From Expert Opinion And Persistent Bias, John Fields May 2016

Commentary On Arguments From Expert Opinion And Persistent Bias, John Fields

OSSA Conference Archive

No abstract provided.


Commentary On 'Acts Of Ostension', Paul L. Simard Smith May 2016

Commentary On 'Acts Of Ostension', Paul L. Simard Smith

OSSA Conference Archive

No abstract provided.


Commentary On A Perspective Of Objectivity In The Human Rights Arguments, Danny Marrero May 2016

Commentary On A Perspective Of Objectivity In The Human Rights Arguments, Danny Marrero

OSSA Conference Archive

No abstract provided.


Commentary On Trudy Govier’S “Some Outstanding Questions About Analogies”, Marcello Guarini May 2016

Commentary On Trudy Govier’S “Some Outstanding Questions About Analogies”, Marcello Guarini

OSSA Conference Archive

No abstract provided.


Commentary On 'Pursuing Objectivity: How Virtuous Can You Get?', William R. Minto May 2016

Commentary On 'Pursuing Objectivity: How Virtuous Can You Get?', William R. Minto

OSSA Conference Archive

No abstract provided.


Commentary On "What Should A Normative Theory Of Argument Look Like?", David Zarefsky May 2016

Commentary On "What Should A Normative Theory Of Argument Look Like?", David Zarefsky

OSSA Conference Archive

No abstract provided.


Commentary On Visser On Computer Support For Pragma-Dialectic Argumentation Analysis, Ami Mamolo May 2016

Commentary On Visser On Computer Support For Pragma-Dialectic Argumentation Analysis, Ami Mamolo

OSSA Conference Archive

No abstract provided.


Commentary On “Eliminating Gender-, Racial- And Age-Biases In Medical Diagnostic Reasoning”, Steve Oswald May 2016

Commentary On “Eliminating Gender-, Racial- And Age-Biases In Medical Diagnostic Reasoning”, Steve Oswald

OSSA Conference Archive

No abstract provided.


Commentary On "Two-Wise And Three-Wise Similarity, And Non-Deductive Analogical Arguments", Ian Dove May 2016

Commentary On "Two-Wise And Three-Wise Similarity, And Non-Deductive Analogical Arguments", Ian Dove

OSSA Conference Archive

No abstract provided.


Commentary On Daniel Cohen And Katharina Stevens' "Virtuous Vices: On Objectivity And Bias In Argumentation", Tone Kvernbekk May 2016

Commentary On Daniel Cohen And Katharina Stevens' "Virtuous Vices: On Objectivity And Bias In Argumentation", Tone Kvernbekk

OSSA Conference Archive

No abstract provided.


Commentary On: Frank Zenkers’S “The Polysemy Of ‘Fallacy’– Or ‘Bias’, For That Matter”, Michel Dufour May 2016

Commentary On: Frank Zenkers’S “The Polysemy Of ‘Fallacy’– Or ‘Bias’, For That Matter”, Michel Dufour

OSSA Conference Archive

No abstract provided.


Commentary On “A Three-Dimensional Analysis Of Definition With Bearing On Key Concepts” By Robert Ennis, Kevin Possin May 2016

Commentary On “A Three-Dimensional Analysis Of Definition With Bearing On Key Concepts” By Robert Ennis, Kevin Possin

OSSA Conference Archive

On the nature of definitions and concepts, and the definition of critical thinking.


Commentary On "Walton's Argumentation Schemes", Michael D. Kurak May 2016

Commentary On "Walton's Argumentation Schemes", Michael D. Kurak

OSSA Conference Archive

No abstract provided.


Commentary On Emotional Arguments: What Would Neuroscientists And Psychologists Say? By Linda Carozza, Ioana A. Cionea May 2016

Commentary On Emotional Arguments: What Would Neuroscientists And Psychologists Say? By Linda Carozza, Ioana A. Cionea

OSSA Conference Archive

No abstract provided.


Commentary On ‘Levels Of Depth In Deep Disagreement’, Tim Kenyon May 2016

Commentary On ‘Levels Of Depth In Deep Disagreement’, Tim Kenyon

OSSA Conference Archive

No abstract provided.


Commentary On “The Method Of Relevant Variables, Objectivity, And Bias”, Andrei Moldovan May 2016

Commentary On “The Method Of Relevant Variables, Objectivity, And Bias”, Andrei Moldovan

OSSA Conference Archive

No abstract provided.


Commentary On Patrick Bondy, “Bias In Legitimate Ad Hominem Arguments”, Andrew Aberdein May 2016

Commentary On Patrick Bondy, “Bias In Legitimate Ad Hominem Arguments”, Andrew Aberdein

OSSA Conference Archive

No abstract provided.


Commentary On "Mapping Objectivity And Bias In Relation To Argument", Justine M. Kingsbury May 2016

Commentary On "Mapping Objectivity And Bias In Relation To Argument", Justine M. Kingsbury

OSSA Conference Archive

No abstract provided.


Commentary On Constructing A Periodic Table Of Arguments, Yun Xie May 2016

Commentary On Constructing A Periodic Table Of Arguments, Yun Xie

OSSA Conference Archive

This is the Commentary on Wagemans' paper "Constructing a Periodic Table of Arguments".


Commentary On G. Thomas Goodnight’S “Blind Spots, Moral Hazards & Wounded Narratives”, Christopher W. Tindale, Christopher W. Tindale May 2016

Commentary On G. Thomas Goodnight’S “Blind Spots, Moral Hazards & Wounded Narratives”, Christopher W. Tindale, Christopher W. Tindale

OSSA Conference Archive

No abstract provided.


Levels Of Depth In Deep Disagreement, Claudio Duran May 2016

Levels Of Depth In Deep Disagreement, Claudio Duran

OSSA Conference Archive

The concept of deep disagreement was introduced by Richard Fogelin in a 1985 paper published in Critical Thinking. Since then, about 12 papers have been published in journals or presented in conferences on argumentation theory.

All these papers relate back to the initial Fogelin paper. Andrew Lugg’s 1986 critical response to Fogelin introduces significant questions concerning his views. Peter Davson-Galle in 1992, takes a more positive approach to them. The more extensive publication on deep disagreement can be found in a 2005 issue of Critical Thinking dedicated entirely to this topic. Most of the 5 papers found here take ...


Virtue Argumentation And Bias, Andrew Aberdein May 2016

Virtue Argumentation And Bias, Andrew Aberdein

OSSA Conference Archive

Virtue Argumentation and Bias

PAPER

Virtue theories of argumentation (VTA) are a burgeoning programme [2]. Bias is a familiar impediment to good argument, which has drawn renewed attention as a result of psychological research demonstrating the prevalence of cognitive biases and implicit associations. Despite some attempts to utilise the resources of VTA to address bias, there has been little acknowledgement of the obstacle that bias presents to VTA. Specifically, VTA seems vulnerable to a situationist challenge, analogous to similar challenges in virtue ethics and epistemology, that behavioural dispositions are too sensitive to specific situations for virtues to be psychologically plausible ...


Biases, Bumps, Nudges, Query Lists, And Zero Tolerance Policies, Sheldon Wein May 2016

Biases, Bumps, Nudges, Query Lists, And Zero Tolerance Policies, Sheldon Wein

OSSA Conference Archive

Zero tolerance policies are often mistakenly thought to be the best way to deal with pressing social problems. However, most arguments for zero tolerance policies are either based on inaccurate premises or they commit the zero tolerance fallacy. This paper explores ways that we might counteract the bias in favor of zero tolerance policies by adding a query list to the choice architecture.


Eliminating Gender-, Racial- And Age-Biases In Medical Diagnostic Reasoning (Paper), Brian Macpherson Dr. May 2016

Eliminating Gender-, Racial- And Age-Biases In Medical Diagnostic Reasoning (Paper), Brian Macpherson Dr.

OSSA Conference Archive

Much attention has been paid in the literature to the deleterious effects of errors in diagnostic reasoning due to underlying cognitive biases. This is an important topic since people’s lives and well-being are at stake. Empirical studies cited by Chapman et al. (2013) corroborate the view that gender, racial, or age biases exist in a significant number of clinicians, thereby limiting objective diagnosis. Croskerry (2003, 2013) endorses a so-called metacognitive (or cognitive ‘forcing’) approach to achieve de-biasing in clinicians, a key component of which is critical self-reflection on one’s own diagnostic reasoning (Croskerry, 2003). However, the first empirical ...


Arguing Conductively Or Arguing Strategically?, Yun Xie May 2016

Arguing Conductively Or Arguing Strategically?, Yun Xie

OSSA Conference Archive

The topic of conductive argument has attracted much attention in recent argumentation studies, but most of the existing discussions are centered on a logical or epistemological perspective. This paper is to argue that conductive arguments could also be understood from a rhetorical perspective, and to offer a Pragma-dialectical point of view regarding to the likelihood and importance of conductive arguments. In particular, it is contended that the mentioning of counter-considerations in a conductive argument is mainly for some rhetorical concerns in order to achieve better persuasiveness in audience. On that basis, it is argued that conductive arguments can be theorized ...


Outstanding Questions About Analogies, Trudy Govier May 2016

Outstanding Questions About Analogies, Trudy Govier

OSSA Conference Archive

I consider several outstanding questions about analogies. These include the following: (a) issues of interpretation especially with regard to whether an analogy should be considered argumentative, as distinct from serving as an illustration, explanation, or matter of rhetorical interest; (b) whether and how to draw a distinction between inductive analogies and a priori analogies; and (c) whether a priori analogies should be reconstructed as deductively valid arguments. The discussion will explore broader themes such as the distinction between the a priori and the deductive, and whether a priori analogies offer reasons for a choice, as distinct from a basis for ...