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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Are Second Person Needs ‘Burdened Virtues’?: Exploring The Risks And Rewards Of Caring, Katharine L. Wolfe Oct 2017

Are Second Person Needs ‘Burdened Virtues’?: Exploring The Risks And Rewards Of Caring, Katharine L. Wolfe

Feminist Philosophy Quarterly

This essay contributes to the ethics of vulnerability and to the tradition of feminist care ethics by introducing the notion of second-person needs. Employing the work of Annette Baier, who argues that we are all ‘second persons’ insofar as personhood arises through a childhood in the care of others, it draws attention to the needs that are illuminated when we approach ourselves and others as second persons, and makes a case for the moral import of second-person needs. In drawing from and critically responding to Lisa Tessman’s concept of ‘burdened virtues,’ it also adds to a growing field of ...


Hermeneutical Injustice And The Problem Of Authority, Komarine Romdenh-Romluc Oct 2017

Hermeneutical Injustice And The Problem Of Authority, Komarine Romdenh-Romluc

Feminist Philosophy Quarterly

Miranda Fricker (2008) identifies a wrong she calls ‘hermeneutical injustice’. A culture’s hermeneutical resources are the shared meanings its members use to understand their experience, and communicate this understanding to others. Cultures tend to be composed of different social groups that are organised hierarchically. As a consequence of these uneven power relations, the culture’s shared meanings often reflect the lives of its more powerful members, and fail to properly capture the experiences of the less powerful. This may result in members of less powerful groups being harmed. Such disadvantage constitutes, for Fricker, hermeneutical injustice. In this paper, I ...


Dismantling Purity: Toward A Feminist Curdling Of Hawaiian Identity, L Brooke Rudow-Abouharb Oct 2017

Dismantling Purity: Toward A Feminist Curdling Of Hawaiian Identity, L Brooke Rudow-Abouharb

Feminist Philosophy Quarterly

This paper explores Hawaiian racial identity formation using María Lugones’s metaphor of curdling as a guiding theme. I aim to show that the accepted definition of “native Hawaiian” is based on a purity model of race that serves to undermine the unity of the Hawaiian Nation. I begin by outlining the pre-contact understanding of Hawaiian identity. This conception of identity was subsequently altered through various political agendas to fit within a Western/European notion of “pure” racial identity. I argue that continuing to use the imposed definition of “native Hawaiian” makes the fragmentation of Hawaiian identity and society difficult ...


Objectivity, Diversity, And Uptake: On The Status Of Women In Philosophy, Michelle Ciurria Oct 2017

Objectivity, Diversity, And Uptake: On The Status Of Women In Philosophy, Michelle Ciurria

Feminist Philosophy Quarterly

This paper argues that diversity and uptake are required for objectivity. In philosophy, women are underrepresented with respect to teaching, publishing, and citations. This undermines the objectivity of our research output. To improve women’s representation and objectivity in philosophy, we should take steps to increase women’s numbers and institute uptake-conducive conditions. In concrete terms, this means fostering an appreciation for diversity, diversifying evaluators, integrating women’s contributions into mainstream discourse, and reducing implicit bias.


The Tapestry Of Memory, Kathryn M. Lawson Aug 2017

The Tapestry Of Memory, Kathryn M. Lawson

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Rationality points to the complete annihilation and end of a life when the body perishes, and yet when a loved one dies we continue to experience that person in a myriad of ways. The focus of this thesis will be a phenomenological exploration of the earthly afterlife of those we have loved and lost. By positing the subject as always intersubjective and as temporal in nature, this thesis will investigate how we continue to create and interact with the deceased upon the earth. In the introduction, this work will be placed in the context of the phenomenological tradition. The first ...


The Ontological-Ontic Character Of Mythology, Jeffrey M. Ray Aug 2017

The Ontological-Ontic Character Of Mythology, Jeffrey M. Ray

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis interrogates the concept of mythology within the opposing philosophical frameworks of the world as either an abstract totality from which ‘truth’ is derived, or as a chaotic background to which the subject brings a synthetic unity. Chapter One compares the culturally dominant, classical philosophical picture of the world as a necessary, knowable totality, with the more recent conception of the ‘world’ as a series of ideational repetitions (sense) grafted on to material flows emanating from a chaotic background (non-sense). Drawing on Plato, Kant, and Heidegger, I situate mythology as a conception of the false—that which fails to ...


Tracing The Interstice: Godard, Deleuze, And The Future Of Cinema, Anthony C. Coughlin Aug 2017

Tracing The Interstice: Godard, Deleuze, And The Future Of Cinema, Anthony C. Coughlin

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis aims to demonstrate how cinema, despite its diffusion from celluloid projection into different forms and arenas of media (primarily digital), still has the power to articulate the relationship between thought and images and produce concepts for philosophical practice. This thesis also aims to appropriate from Gilles Deleuze’s philosophy several concepts for the study of cinema itself, and for the understanding of cinema as it is produced by Jean-Luc Godard. Using two of Godard’s recent films: In Praise of Love (2001), and Goodbye to Language (2014), this paper will elaborate the relevance to contemporary filmmaking of Cinema ...


How Do Teachers Challenge Neoliberalism Through Critical Pedagogy Within And Outside Of The Classroom?, Rezvan Shahsavari-Googhari Aug 2017

How Do Teachers Challenge Neoliberalism Through Critical Pedagogy Within And Outside Of The Classroom?, Rezvan Shahsavari-Googhari

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis uses the qualitative case study approach to investigate current strategies and skills four Ontario public secondary school teachers apply both within and outside of the classroom to enhance students’ critical consciousness. The focus is on teachers’ pedagogical work in the era of neoliberal restructuring in order to provide a rich account of how neoliberalism challenges and affects their teaching. Existing literature shows a crisis of identity and political agency among youth in many Western societies, characterized by individuals’ inability to think critically about social, political and economic issues, which is rooted in neoliberal education reforms. Adopting a critical ...


Fiduciary Duties And Commercial Surrogacy, Emma A. Ryman Aug 2017

Fiduciary Duties And Commercial Surrogacy, Emma A. Ryman

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Since the 1980’s, surrogacy has become a popular reproductive alternative for individuals experiencing infertility. The ethical and legal analyses of surrogacy have been rich and varied. Some bioethicists have charged the commercial surrogacy industry with the exploitation of global southern women or with the impermissible commodification of children and women’s reproductive capacities. Others have praised the potential for economic empowerment and bodily autonomy that surrogacy may accord to women. However, throughout these explorations of the ethics of surrogacy, comparatively little attention has been paid to the moral status of a crucial actor: the fertility doctor. Without doctors willing ...


Autos, Allos, And World: Life And Identity In The Situation Of Contemporary Global Modernity, Thomas M. Szwedska Aug 2017

Autos, Allos, And World: Life And Identity In The Situation Of Contemporary Global Modernity, Thomas M. Szwedska

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

By bringing the machinic ontology of Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari, together with Humberto Maturana and Francisco Varela’s machinic theory of autopoiesis, this thesis presents a rethinking of world and identity in what we call the situation of contemporary global modernity. It argues that worlds and identity co-arise with one another through a poietic structuring. Globally, this is defined by organizational processes of autopoietic capitalism that attempts to self-separate from worlds. These processes involve an ontology of abstractive creation destruction, which continuously re-inscribe histories and identities in the image of capitalism. Locally, worlds and identities are structured by allopoietic ...


Laughing Doubles: The Duality Of Humour, Evan A. Pebesma Aug 2017

Laughing Doubles: The Duality Of Humour, Evan A. Pebesma

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis examines humour as a theoretical problem, taking humour as both an object to be defined and as a mode of thinking in its own right. In the first chapter, I position humour between good sense and nonsense within a Deleuzian and psychoanalytic framework, culminating in a discussion of humour’s relationship to perversion. In the second chapter, I further develop this connection to perversion through an analysis of Christian humour, exploring the incongruity between the transcendent heights and corporeal depths, with special attention paid to the comedic works of Erasmus and Rabelais. In the third chapter, I examine ...


Evidence In Neuroimaging: Towards A Philosophy Of Data Analysis, Jessey Wright Jul 2017

Evidence In Neuroimaging: Towards A Philosophy Of Data Analysis, Jessey Wright

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Neuroimaging technology is the most widely used tool to study human cognition. While originally a promising tool for mapping the content of cognitive theories onto the structures of the brain, recently developed tools for the analysis, handling and sharing of data have changed the theoretical landscape of cognitive neuroscience. Even with these advancements philosophical analyses of evidence in neuroimaging remain skeptical of the promise of neuroimaging technology. These views often treat the analysis techniques used to make sense of data produced in a neuroimaging experiment as one, attributing the inferential limitations of analysis pipelines to the technology as a whole ...


Judging Women: Twenty-Five Years Further Toward A Feminist Theory Of The State, Clare Chambers Jul 2017

Judging Women: Twenty-Five Years Further Toward A Feminist Theory Of The State, Clare Chambers

Feminist Philosophy Quarterly

This paper engages with the work of Catharine MacKinnon to consider three ways of understanding the phrase "judging women." First, when is it acceptable or necessary to make judgements about what women do? The paper argues that feminist analysis urges compassion and empathy for women, but also highlights the ways that choices are limited and shaped by patriarchy. Thus we cannot and should not avoid all judgment of women’s—and men’s—choices. Second, when can women engage in the act of judging? It is sometimes claimed that it is anti-feminist to engage in such judgment, and that feminists ...


'We Must Find Words Or Burn': Speaking Out Against Disciplinary Silencing, Susan J. Brison Jul 2017

'We Must Find Words Or Burn': Speaking Out Against Disciplinary Silencing, Susan J. Brison

Feminist Philosophy Quarterly

Susan J. Brison’s paper illustrates, with the use of a first-person narrative, how Catharine MacKinnon’s work reveals the role of silencing in the construction of the disciplinary reality of philosophy.


On The Politics Of Coalition, Elena Ruíz, Kristie Dotson Jul 2017

On The Politics Of Coalition, Elena Ruíz, Kristie Dotson

Feminist Philosophy Quarterly

In the wake of continued structural asymmetries between women of color and white feminisms, this essay revisits intersectional tensions in Catharine MacKinnon’s Toward a Feminist Theory of the State while exploring productive spaces of coalition. To explore such spaces, we reframe Toward a Feminist Theory of the State in terms of its epistemological project and highlight possible synchronicities with liberational features in women-of-color feminisms. This is done, in part, through an analysis of the philosophical role “method” plays in MacKinnon’s argument, and by reframing her critique of juridical neutrality and objectivity as epistemic harms. In the second section ...


Introduction: Symposium On Toward A Feminist Theory Of The State, Twenty-Five Years Later, Lori Watson Jul 2017

Introduction: Symposium On Toward A Feminist Theory Of The State, Twenty-Five Years Later, Lori Watson

Feminist Philosophy Quarterly

This paper introduces the peer-reviewed “Symposium on Toward a Feminist Theory of the State, Twenty-Five Years Later.” In these essays in honor of the work of Catharine MacKinnon, edited by Lori Watson, the authors attend primarily to MacKinnon’s book, critically reflecting on it and connecting it with recent scholarship. This symposium is in part the outcome of the set of papers emerging from the Book Symposium at the Pacific Division meeting of the American Philosophical Association, held Saturday, April 4, 2015: “Catharine MacKinnon, Toward a Feminist Theory of the State: 25 Years Later.”


Catharine Mackinnon, Feminism, And Continental Philosophy: Comments On Toward A Feminist Theory Of The State—Twenty-Five Years Later, Natalie Nenadic Jul 2017

Catharine Mackinnon, Feminism, And Continental Philosophy: Comments On Toward A Feminist Theory Of The State—Twenty-Five Years Later, Natalie Nenadic

Feminist Philosophy Quarterly

Catharine MacKinnon’s feminist work on sexual abuse and violence has had a major impact on law and on policy in the United States and internationally. However, her complex theoretical writings, which are a foundation of that work, have yet to be adequately appreciated by philosophy, especially continental philosophy, that tradition with which she identifies her project. I explain her project in continental terms, especially Heidegger’s thought, so that we may better grasp the philosophical nature and significance of her work. In doing so, I also open paths by which those within the continental tradition may make it more ...


Response To Five Philosophers: Toward A Feminist Theory Of The State Some Decades Later, Catharine A. Mackinnon Jul 2017

Response To Five Philosophers: Toward A Feminist Theory Of The State Some Decades Later, Catharine A. Mackinnon

Feminist Philosophy Quarterly

In this response to the five philosophers who engaged her Toward a Feminist Theory of the State in decades-down-the-road assessments, Professor MacKinnon takes up the central questions in the dialogues they raised on questions of epistemology, method, social construction, racism, and judgment. She re-asserts the centrality of sexuality in gender and sexual abuse in gender inequality and recounts some of the legal consequences of this critique, which she originated.


The Goal Of Habituation In Aristotle: A Neo-Mechanical Account, Dioné Harley May 2017

The Goal Of Habituation In Aristotle: A Neo-Mechanical Account, Dioné Harley

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Standard interpretations of Aristotle’s ethics construe the habituation phase in his theory of moral education as markedly robust regarding the moral condition that must be achieved before the learner can attend lectures on the noble and political questions in general. These “intellectualists” argue that habituation engages the rational part of the soul so that the learner develops the capacity to identify that an action is noble, which involves taking pleasure in the nobility of the act. Practical reason will provide an understanding of why the action is noble. I argue against intellectualist readings of habituation and defend a neo-mechanical ...


A Capacious Account Of Liberal Feminism, Amy R. Baehr Mar 2017

A Capacious Account Of Liberal Feminism, Amy R. Baehr

Feminist Philosophy Quarterly

This paper presents an account of liberal feminism as a capacious family of doctrines. The account is capacious in the sense that it sweeps in a wide variety of doctrines, including some thought to be challenges to liberal feminism, and allows us to refer to doctrines with more than one label—so we can identify, for example, care-ethical liberal feminism, socially conservative liberal feminism, and liberal socialist feminism. The capacious account also provides a conceptual framework to allow us to think with greater clarity about the scope of liberal feminist claims to justice, and about how that justice is to ...


Feminism And The Carceral State: Gender-Responsive Justice, Community Accountability, And The Epistemology Of Antiviolence, Brady T. Heiner, Sarah K. Tyson Mar 2017

Feminism And The Carceral State: Gender-Responsive Justice, Community Accountability, And The Epistemology Of Antiviolence, Brady T. Heiner, Sarah K. Tyson

Feminist Philosophy Quarterly

Building on recent feminist scholarship on the complicity of feminist antiviolence movements in the build-up of mass incarceration, this essay analyzes the epistemic occupation of feminist antiviolence work by carceral logic, taking the Gender-Responsive Justice and Community Accountability movements as countervailing examples. Both strategies claim to be a feminist response to violence. Gender-Responsive Justice arises from feminist criminology and has genealogical roots in the American prison reformatory movement. Community Accountability stems from grassroots intersectional and decolonial feminisms that are fundamentally at odds with the professionalization and state-centrism of the mainstream antiviolence movement. We argue that Gender-Responsive Justice is a form ...


Is Feminism Yet A Theory Of The Kind That Marxism Is?, Kate M. Phelan Mar 2017

Is Feminism Yet A Theory Of The Kind That Marxism Is?, Kate M. Phelan

Feminist Philosophy Quarterly

On Catharine MacKinnon’s view, feminism aspires to be a theory of the kind that Marxism is: a theory of the organisation of the social world as sex hierarchy, just as Marxism is a theory of the organisation of the social world as class hierarchy. In 1982, MacKinnon observed that feminism was not yet such a theory, and set out to make it one. She did this by developing a theory of sexuality as to feminism what work is to Marxism. If one shares MacKinnon’s view that feminism aspires to be a theory of the kind that Marxism is ...


Transnational Feminisms, Nonideal Theory, And “Other” Women’S Power, Serene J. Khader Mar 2017

Transnational Feminisms, Nonideal Theory, And “Other” Women’S Power, Serene J. Khader

Feminist Philosophy Quarterly

Postcolonial and transnational feminists’ calls to recognize “other” women’s agency have seemed to some Western feminists to entail moral quietism about women’s oppression. Here, I offer an antirelativist framing of the transnational feminist critiques, one rooted in a conception of transnational feminisms as a nonideal theoretical enterprise. The Western feminist problem is not simple ethnocentrism, but rather a failure to ask the right types of normative questions, questions relevant to the nonideal context in which transnational feminist praxis occurs. Instead of asking which forms of power are gender-justice-enhancing, Western feminists are fixated on contrasting “other” cultures to an ...


Teleology In César Franck's Prélude, Choral Et Fugue, Stephanie Gouin Mar 2017

Teleology In César Franck's Prélude, Choral Et Fugue, Stephanie Gouin

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

César Franck’s Prélude, Choral et Fugue is a fine example of the composer’s mature style and contribution to musical form and language at the end of the nineteenth century. The use of a Baroque structure, such as the fugue, has a significant impact on the overall unfolding of this Romantic work. A teleological perspective will inform the analysis of the Fugue, which will constitute the core of the study. It will use concepts of design and purpose in order to explain the development of the piece as a whole, and the transformation of the musical language within the ...


Finding Place In Higher Education: An Epistemological Analysis, Shelagh M. Crooks Mar 2017

Finding Place In Higher Education: An Epistemological Analysis, Shelagh M. Crooks

The Canadian Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning

Though the topic of student transition into the culture and practices of higher education has been the subject of considerable investigation by scholars, the transition literature has been largely silent on the epistemological challenges that new students face in the context of the university classroom. The purpose of this paper is to look at student transition from this unique perspective. The paper reviews recent empirical research in the area of “personal epistemology,” which establishes the facts regarding what students actually believe about knowledge and knowing as they enter university. The paper also provides an analysis of the epistemological beliefs of ...


Virtue Ethics For Relational Beings, Mathieu Roy Mar 2017

Virtue Ethics For Relational Beings, Mathieu Roy

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In On Virtue Ethics, Rosalind Husthouse outlines an account of virtue ethics and human flourishing grounded in an understanding of human beings as emotionally complex, social, and rational animals. These attributes give rise to a set of ends against which the goodness of our behavioural, affective, and intellectual dispositions are measured, namely, 1) survival of the individual, 2) continuance of the species, 3) characteristic enjoyment of pleasures (and avoidance of pain), and 4) the good functioning of the social group.

I contend, however, that this picture is incomplete. More specifically, I outline the psychological effects of prolonged solitary confinement to ...


A Suspicion About Determinism, John Thorp Feb 2017

A Suspicion About Determinism, John Thorp

Philosophy Presentations

This presentation reflects on the fact that the idea of determinism, or fatalism, keeps recurring, in very different contexts, at different times: logical fatalism, theological fatalism, physical determinism, etc. Standing back and looking at this big picture, it voices the suspicion that all these different determinist theses are manifestations of a single, deeper, conceptual trouble.


Foreknowledge, Free Will, And The Divine Power Distinction In Thomas Bradwardine's De Futuris Contingentibus, Sarah Hogarth Rossiter Feb 2017

Foreknowledge, Free Will, And The Divine Power Distinction In Thomas Bradwardine's De Futuris Contingentibus, Sarah Hogarth Rossiter

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Thomas Bradwardine (d. 1349) was an English philosopher, logician, and theologian of some note; but though recent scholarship has revived an interest in much of his work, little attention has been paid to an early treatise he wrote on the topic of future contingents, entitled De futuris contingentibus. In this thesis I aim to address this deficit, arguing in particular that the treatise makes original use of the divine power distinction to resolve the apparent conflict between God’s foreknowledge on the one hand, and human free will on the other. Bradwardine argues that God’s foreknowledge operates in accord ...


A New Framework For Enactivism: Understanding The Enactive Body Through Structural Flexibility And Merleau-Ponty’S Ontology Of Flesh, John Jenkinson Feb 2017

A New Framework For Enactivism: Understanding The Enactive Body Through Structural Flexibility And Merleau-Ponty’S Ontology Of Flesh, John Jenkinson

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The enactive approach to cognition and consciousness offers a valuable alternative to the standard approaches dominant in the sciences of mind. As an embodied account, enactivism incorporates theoretical perspectives on the body from phenomenology, cognitive science, and biology, which provides a unique interpretation of embodiment with critical insight into the embodied nature of cognition and consciousness. Nonetheless, I argue that several revisions are required to make enactivism viable within the context of the sciences of mind. The enactive account of subjectivity is problematic, in light of arguments developed in Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s later texts, because it is implicitly dualistic. I ...


Spaces Of Collapse: Psychological Deterioration, Subjectivity, And Spatiality In American Narratives, Andrew Papaspyrou Jan 2017

Spaces Of Collapse: Psychological Deterioration, Subjectivity, And Spatiality In American Narratives, Andrew Papaspyrou

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis studies the relationship between spatiality and subjectivity within the context of modern and contemporary American narrative. Combining a psychoanalytic approach with phenomenological considerations, I set out to analyze the ways in which spatial structures mediate madness, paranoia, the compulsion to repeat, and uncanny anxiety. Space serves a primary focus of my analysis, and I outline the different ways that language and consciousness construct space. Considering the work of William Faulkner, Francis Ford Coppola, Paul Auster, and Mark Z. Danielewski, I argue that particular spaces, such as houses and cities, represent or contribute to particular forms of psychological psychosis ...