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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Revisiting Urban Brownfield Regeneration And Beyond Within The Lens Of Green Infrastructure-Based Design And Management, Adnan Kaplan, Koray Velibeyoğlu, Çiğdem Kılıçaslan, Merve Özeren, İrem İnce Jan 2013

Revisiting Urban Brownfield Regeneration And Beyond Within The Lens Of Green Infrastructure-Based Design And Management, Adnan Kaplan, Koray Velibeyoğlu, Çiğdem Kılıçaslan, Merve Özeren, İrem İnce

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The typical showcase of urban transformation practice can be experienced mostly in the core or close proximity of downtowns as either replacing a series of existing vacant or deserted lots along with exacerbated natural system or retrofitting built-up areas and housing affordability. In this way, regardless of their size but their linkage with nearby land uses and down to the urban core, brownfields necessitate urban regeneration practice whereas charging the city with discriminatory land use policies as well as a multitude of social and ecological problems. Urban brownfields consisting of natural assets -including river, wetlands, delta etc.-, post-industrial facilities and ...


Integrating Agriculture In Greenways: A Methodology For Planning Connected Urban And Peri-Urban Farmlands In A Mediterranean City, Luca Barbarossa, Daniele La Rosa, Riccardo Privitera Jan 2013

Integrating Agriculture In Greenways: A Methodology For Planning Connected Urban And Peri-Urban Farmlands In A Mediterranean City, Luca Barbarossa, Daniele La Rosa, Riccardo Privitera

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Cities are often threatened by a loss of environmental quality due the rapid increase of urbanized areas that fragment natural landscapes. This is particularly true at the cities’ fringe where uncontrolled urbanization is often characterized by discontinuous patterns and consequent fragmentation of farmlands. These phenomena are particularly relevant in Mediterranean cities, where the high degree of land-use transitions, a consequence of urban growth with poor environmental regulations produce urban landscapes characterized by a lack of green areas and high levels of ecological fragmentation (EEA, 2006).

Greenways are one of the most powerful and widespread tools used at urban, metropolitan and ...


Finding Our Way: Urban Waterway Restoration And Participatory Processes, Sharon Moran, Meredith Perreault, Richard Smardon Jan 2013

Finding Our Way: Urban Waterway Restoration And Participatory Processes, Sharon Moran, Meredith Perreault, Richard Smardon

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In this paper, we explore some of the challenges encountered in organizing multiple stakeholders for purposes of revitalizing an urban waterway. Drawing primarily from positive experiences with a creek revitalization project in Syracuse, New York, we identify several factors concerning the context and challenges -- both material and social -- that have helped to shape the outcomes. Several of the popular models for engaging stakeholders in waterways projects are discussed, especially as they have been used communities in other parts of the U.S. that have faced related challenges. We seek to identify key points and lessons that can help inform others ...


Potentials And Limitations Of Implementing Linear Infiltration Systems On Urban Streets, Frank Sleegers Jan 2013

Potentials And Limitations Of Implementing Linear Infiltration Systems On Urban Streets, Frank Sleegers

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Increasing infiltration systems in urban environments has become a major focus of our discipline to reduce the harmful impact of stormwater on urban watersheds. Two recent studies were conducted by the author of this paper (Sleegers and Brabec; 2013, Sleegers, 2013) with the focus on evaluating the aesthetics of linear urban infiltration systems on urban streets. Each study revealed challenges and limitations of these systems on various levels. What are the crucial criteria to propagate infiltration along streets, raise their acceptance and make them more usable? The purpose of this paper is to investigate the challenges and limitations of urban ...


The Role Of Sustainable Greenways In Achievement Of Improving The Quality Of Life (Tehran’S Greenways As A Case Study), Fatemeh Shahani Jan 2013

The Role Of Sustainable Greenways In Achievement Of Improving The Quality Of Life (Tehran’S Greenways As A Case Study), Fatemeh Shahani

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Urban growth and development is caused to increase exploitation of natural resources more than environmental capacity and lead to instability in the cities than ever before. Accordingly sustainable development emphasizes the role of green area and in order to achieve this goal, “greenway” is considered as one of the most important tools for improving urban sustainable development. Moreover, urban green spaces and elements consider as a main factor in the improving of quality of life. Greenways are “green infrastructure” to link people and places (Fabos, 1995) and can be planned at different scales and for multiple purposes, “including ecological, recreational ...


Taking The High Line: Elevated Parks, Evolving Neighborhoods, And The Ever Changing Relationship Between Urban And Nature, Hélène Littke, Ryan Locke, Tigan Haas Jan 2013

Taking The High Line: Elevated Parks, Evolving Neighborhoods, And The Ever Changing Relationship Between Urban And Nature, Hélène Littke, Ryan Locke, Tigan Haas

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

“If you were actually able to make a park on the High Line, it would be great for property values. But this will never happen; it is just too far-fetched. These people are dreamers.” (A local property owner at a Community hearing, April 2001 David and Hammond 2011 p. 31)

Everyone talks about it and everyone wants one; The High Line in New York City started a worldwide trend of elevated parks. Old and unused rail lines are transformed into exciting urban environments. New York’s Mayor Bloomberg has noted that the project has ushered in a renaissance for the ...


Retrofitting Cities: A Case Study In Baltimore - Exploring New Trends In Urban Greenways, Jim Brown Jan 2013

Retrofitting Cities: A Case Study In Baltimore - Exploring New Trends In Urban Greenways, Jim Brown

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Landscape Architecture is presented with a unique design challenge in the contemporary city as ideas of green infrastructure and sustainability are gaining significance, and the emerging role of greenways’ importance in shaping future urban form. There is significant discussion of the role of urban greenways along natural corridors providing recreation and environmental services in cities (Gobster &Westphal et al., 2004) as well as the role of greenways in creating synergy on differing scales addressing sustainability and connectivity in urban areas (Sharma, 2010). Additionally there has been an emerging discussion of how Detroit and other “blighted” or “legacy” rust-belt cities are ...


Of Dirt And Decomposition: Proposing A Place For The Urban Dead, Katrina M. Spade Jan 2013

Of Dirt And Decomposition: Proposing A Place For The Urban Dead, Katrina M. Spade

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

The intent of this thesis is to challenge our society’s existing options for the care and processing of the deceased, and to design a space and a ritual which are both deeply meaningful and ecologically beneficial. The community for whom this architecture is designed currently lacks the religious or cultural rituals which would otherwise guide them through the process of laying of their loved ones to rest. For this community, both traditional burial and cremation are devoid of meaning and culturally irrelevant ways of dealing with the deceased, in addition to being unnecessarily wasteful processes. Likewise, the community for ...


Measuring Spillover Effects Of Residential Amenity Improvements Using Spatial Hedonic Approach, Shruti Bishan Tandon May 2012

Measuring Spillover Effects Of Residential Amenity Improvements Using Spatial Hedonic Approach, Shruti Bishan Tandon

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

The purpose of this dissertation is to develop a methodology for the estimation of the appropriate welfare benefits in the presence of spillover externalities. The ability to capture influences of the not so easily observed variables allow spatial lag models to measure the direct and indirect spillover effects. The direct effect measures the value of the property in question and the indirect captures the influences of neighboring properties, through a spatial multiplier effect.

Kim et al. (2003) through a path breaking approach estimated welfare benefits of air quality improvement. Their methodology captured spillover effects of amenity changes that lump both ...


The Potential Of Downtown Las Vegas Becoming A Creative Milieu, Ana Magdalena Barragan May 2012

The Potential Of Downtown Las Vegas Becoming A Creative Milieu, Ana Magdalena Barragan

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

The city of Las Vegas is attempting to revitalize downtown through a creative economy by bringing cultural and experiential activities to the area in a mixed use arrangement with residential, business and civic uses. This study looks at the possibility of not only revitalizing downtown, but on it becoming a true creative milieu - a place that fosters creativity and innovation. It does so by first identifying three major forces working upon the realization of these goals: 1) the regional socio-economic conditions, 2) the government strategies, and 3) the creative population's participation.

The study conducts a quantitative assessments of each ...


Transformation Of Urban Public Space, Ruthanne Harrison Jan 2012

Transformation Of Urban Public Space, Ruthanne Harrison

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

The concept of my thesis is to employ architectural intervention in residual urban space as a catalyst for transformation. The goal is design of a building and environment that could be used for any combination of purposes, be used freely by all members of the community, be designed so that the art and architecture is interactive, and could be transformed by the users of the space. The project makes use of a residual urban space that would otherwise remain largely inaccessible. The project explores how the space could be designed to give a sense of ownership of it to the ...


Urban Form In Europe And America, Pietro S. Nivola Jan 2010

Urban Form In Europe And America, Pietro S. Nivola

Brookings Scholar Lecture Series

Why do America's cities sprawl whereas European cities remain comparatively compact, and what difference do the patterns of urban development make? Pietro Nivola, a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution, addresses these questions. Nivola examines two kinds of determinants of urban form: (1) market forces, including those influenced by geography, demographics, and technological change, and (2) public policies shaping national transportation systems, tax policy, educational institutions, and more. He also discusses the implications of the different cityscapes for energy consumption.


Urban Greenways Planning. A Vision Plan For Milan (Italy), Giulio Senes, Natalia Fumagalli, Alessandro Toccolini Jan 2010

Urban Greenways Planning. A Vision Plan For Milan (Italy), Giulio Senes, Natalia Fumagalli, Alessandro Toccolini

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenways are “green infrastructure” to link people and places (Fabos, 1995) and can be planned at different scales (from national to municipal) and for multiple purposes, “including ecological, recreational, cultural, aesthetic” (Ahern, 1995), “to provide people with access to open spaces close to where they live” (President's Commission on Americans Outdoors, 1987), in order to “enhance both the environment and quality of life” (European Greenways Association, 2000).

At the municipal scale, the urban greenways network can help to reshape the city, making it more livable; urban greenways represent “at once the parks for the 21st century and a part ...


A Sustainability Evaluation And Dynamic Modeling Tool For Landscape And Urban Planning Policy Scenarios, Chingwen Cheng, Timothy O. Randhir Jan 2010

A Sustainability Evaluation And Dynamic Modeling Tool For Landscape And Urban Planning Policy Scenarios, Chingwen Cheng, Timothy O. Randhir

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Incorporating sustainability principles into urban development is often complex involving strong interaction between ecosystem components and development goals. As identified in the Brundtland Commissions report (UN, 1987), sustainability has gained much attention in planning aimed at balancing current needs without depleting resources and ecological services available for future generations. While the decision-making process is embedded in a social framework, political sustainability depends on collective decisions and citizens’ preferences related to public policies (Munda, 2006; Webster, 1998). In recent decade, the sustainability concept has been adopted in landscape and urban planning. Specific approaches include assessing abiotic, biotic, and cultural (ABC) resources ...


Planning For Change In The Boston Metropolitan Area (Usa): Exploring The Relationship Between Urban Greening And Socio-Economic Processes, Robert L. Ryan, Paige Warren, Susannah Lerman, Kate Taylor, Eric Strauss Jan 2010

Planning For Change In The Boston Metropolitan Area (Usa): Exploring The Relationship Between Urban Greening And Socio-Economic Processes, Robert L. Ryan, Paige Warren, Susannah Lerman, Kate Taylor, Eric Strauss

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Global population growth is increasingly concentrated in urban areas, degrading natural resources and threatening long-term sustainability of both human and biotic systems. Even in a developed nation like the United States, urban areas are expected to double in population and land area over the next fifty years (UNFPA, 2007). In order to plan for a more sustainable urban future, there is a need to understand the relationship between the socio-economic forces that are driving land use and land cover change, and the resulting impacts upon the ecosystem state and structure of the urban forest (Colding, 2007). In particular, this study ...


Rethinking Greenways Design In Context Of Sustainable Development: Towards Landscape Synergism, Archana Sharma Jan 2010

Rethinking Greenways Design In Context Of Sustainable Development: Towards Landscape Synergism, Archana Sharma

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenways design and planning has been largely framed as a multi-functional, multi-objective approach to address socio-cultural and ecological concerns (Fabos,2004; Hough 2004, Steiner, 2002; Fabos, 1995, Ahern, 1995; Ndubisi, 1995; Forman,1995). Social well-being, identity and memory have been predominant socio-cultural concerns while biodiversity preservation and natural resources conservation have been key ecological concerns. These concerns have now been superseded by the more urgent concerns of sustainable development such as availability of energy resources, both food and fuel. Whether and how the design and practice of greenways meets these sustainable development challenges is the primary question raised through this ...


Open Space System As An Armature For Urban Expansion: Evaluation Of Landscape Ecological Spatial Concepts As A Model For Improving Resilience In Urban Systems, Homero Marconi Penteado Jan 2010

Open Space System As An Armature For Urban Expansion: Evaluation Of Landscape Ecological Spatial Concepts As A Model For Improving Resilience In Urban Systems, Homero Marconi Penteado

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Urbanization alters several attributes of natural resources, degrading ecosystems and causing them to lose their ability to maintain their structure and function. As a result, native ecosystems in territories subject to urban expansion lose qualities important to their self-organization and may, in certain cases, disappear altogether. Actions that protect or strengthen the resilience of these native ecosystems in the face of urban development may offer increased capacity for these native ecosystems to survive and endure.

Landscape ecology aims to understand the relationship between spatial patterns and ecological processes across scales (Wu, 2008) considering the interaction with human activities (Naveh & Lieberman, 1984). A landscape is a kilometers-wide area (Forman & Godron, 1981), comprising a heterogeneous area where ecosystems are repeated in similar form and interact (Forman, 1995b; Forman ...


Sustainable Place Making: Australian Exemplars, Christopher Wren Jan 2010

Sustainable Place Making: Australian Exemplars, Christopher Wren

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper provides the background to the case studies that will be presented at the conference. It is aimed at providing a concise view of what constitutes a sustainable place and the important subtleties in achieving an active, walkable and safe environment that is diverse, humane and attractive to people.


Ursynów Escarpment Linear Park Design In The Scope Of A System Of Linear Parks Of The Southern Areas Of Left Bank Warsaw, Katarzyna Rędzińska, Przemysław Wolski Jan 2010

Ursynów Escarpment Linear Park Design In The Scope Of A System Of Linear Parks Of The Southern Areas Of Left Bank Warsaw, Katarzyna Rędzińska, Przemysław Wolski

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This article presents the concept of the greenways (linear parks) system in the southern region of left-bank Warsaw. This system is based on linear environmental structure of the terrain.

The methodical basis for the study is the project interpretation of natural landscape features, on which the city’s urban composition should be based.

Natural lines and border zones, such as edges of high plains, river valleys, etc. should present the fabric to city planning. Those natural landmarks should be the places where important visual symbols will be located. They also may play the role of recreation areas or ecological corridors ...


The Correlation Between The Urban Heat Island And The Different Land Use Types, András Béla Oláh, Ildiko Dobi, Janos Mika, Eniko Lelovics, Zsuzsanna Dezső, Rita Pongrácz, Judith Bartholy Jan 2010

The Correlation Between The Urban Heat Island And The Different Land Use Types, András Béla Oláh, Ildiko Dobi, Janos Mika, Eniko Lelovics, Zsuzsanna Dezső, Rita Pongrácz, Judith Bartholy

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In the following study the local climate modifying impact of the man modified environment is to be discussed in detail. Such studies have come in demand nowadays, since the meteorological forecasts have just recently become detailed and accurate enough for this purpose. Furthermore the number and extension of huge sized artificial areas has also radically increased.

The appearance of these highly diversified artificial surfaces to such an extent can modulate the local climate so significantly that it can not be neglected. However, at the same time this extreme diversity of the surfaces and materials makes it very hard to analyse ...


University Urban Design Centers In The Planning And Implementation Of Urban Greenways. – Possible Strategies For The Umass Amherst Design Center In Springfield, Ma., Frank Sleegers, Michael Dipasquale Jan 2010

University Urban Design Centers In The Planning And Implementation Of Urban Greenways. – Possible Strategies For The Umass Amherst Design Center In Springfield, Ma., Frank Sleegers, Michael Dipasquale

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

University supported community design centers in the United States provide an institutional alternative for urban design and planning. They are a link between the innovative and educational milieu of the university and professional practice. Design centers provide the infrastructure that allows faculty and students’ research opportunities and projects that intersect with the practice of urban design and planning, with the goal of improving the physical and consequently, the social environment.

This paper assesses the following goals that nascent community design centers should pursue in the planning and design of greenways: 1. focus on developing a collective vision and a tangible ...


Leisurescape: A Pan-European Spatial Assessment Of Tourism Between Cities, Nature And Landscape, Dirk M. Wascher, Rini Schuiling, Nick Hazendonk, Bart Looise Jan 2010

Leisurescape: A Pan-European Spatial Assessment Of Tourism Between Cities, Nature And Landscape, Dirk M. Wascher, Rini Schuiling, Nick Hazendonk, Bart Looise

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Part of the project initiative Landscape and leisure, launched by the Dutch Government Advisor on the Landscape, is the development of a European map on the basis of a standard methodological approach for presenting the spatial relations between leisure and tourism on the one hand, and landscape and nature conservation other hand. Due to the increasing need of European institutions for harmonized, reliable data on the state and trends of the environment – and meanwhile on the allencompassing policy domain of sustainability which includes the social, economic and environmental dimension – the production of European data sets has become a key policy ...


Green Infrastructure As A Means To Deliver A Multi-Scale Approach For Urban Sustainability, Adnan Kaplan Jan 2010

Green Infrastructure As A Means To Deliver A Multi-Scale Approach For Urban Sustainability, Adnan Kaplan

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

A series of economic, ecological, population and institutional constraints have recently produced new challenges and pressures on urban growth and to the management of cities’ critical infrastructures (Hodson and Marvin, 2010). Green infrastructure thereby provides a framework that can be used to guide future growth, land development and conservation decisions to accommodate population growth and protect and preserve community assets and natural resources (Benedict and McMahon, 2006). Key ideas from landscape ecology that are relevant to green urban infrastructure for sustainable cities include: a multi-scale approach with an explicit recognition of pattern-process relationships and an emphasis on physical and functional ...


Concept Of The Green Spaces System – Belgrade Case Study, Jasminka Cvejic, Anica Teofilovic Jan 2010

Concept Of The Green Spaces System – Belgrade Case Study, Jasminka Cvejic, Anica Teofilovic

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Contemporary approach to urban development, founded on sustainable development principles, is counting on urban green spaces system as one of the most significant city infrastructure. The term implies integration of multifunctional open spaces – various types of green spaces, water courses and open rural areas, distributed in such a way to contribute to improvement of life and working conditions in the city, to protection of biodiversities of urban sites and to the attractiveness of city vista (Teofilović, Cvejić, et al.; 2009).

The city of Belgrade is the capital of the Republic of Serbia, situated in South-East Europe in Balkan peninsula. According ...


Greenways And The Urban Form: City Of Ankara, Turkey, Mukerrem Arslan, Emin Baris, Elmas Erdogan, Zuhal Dilaver Jan 2010

Greenways And The Urban Form: City Of Ankara, Turkey, Mukerrem Arslan, Emin Baris, Elmas Erdogan, Zuhal Dilaver

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

A greenway is a linear open space established along either a natural corridor, such as a riverfront, stream valley, or ridgeline, or overland along a railroad right-of-way converted to recreational use, a canal, scenic rood, or other route. It is any natural or landscaped course for pedestrian or bicycle passage. An open-space connector linking parks, nature reserves, cultural features, or historic sites with each other and with populated areas (Little, 1995; Miller et al., 1998; Viles and Rosier, 2001).

A greenway is a connector; a pattern of protected lands linking other protected lands such as natural features or historic sites ...


Is The French View Of Greenways Avant-Garde Or Déjà-Vu?, Laure Cormier, Monique Toublanc, Jacques Baudry Jan 2010

Is The French View Of Greenways Avant-Garde Or Déjà-Vu?, Laure Cormier, Monique Toublanc, Jacques Baudry

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

“Greenway” has become trendy in the French planners’ vocabulary. Indeed, this term has many meanings, related to both the environmental and social characteristics of a territory. It carries many positive cultural values. There are not one but several types of greenways in according to specific area (urban, peri-urban, and rural) with different objectives (recreation, nature conservation, human well being). Nowadays, the French term for greenways is “trame verte”. This expression is a planning concept dealing mostly with private land.

The objective of the paper is threefold. First, we shall look at the changes in the content of “greenways” in this ...


Watts My Line? Energy Generation Siting Strategies For Urban Areas, Caleb W. Christopher Feb 2007

Watts My Line? Energy Generation Siting Strategies For Urban Areas, Caleb W. Christopher

Caleb W Christopher

The growth of urban areas has historically been both constrained and encouraged by energy and related infrastructure. Varying degrees of regulation have been sought to respond to compelling public safety needs: more recently, modern environmental law system was derived from public conflicts over siting of an energy plant. While the greater urban density offers reduced per-capita energy consumption rates, contemporary urban revitalization has brought a greater amount of people into closer contact with their energy sources. The unique geography, and increased securities needs, of urban areas demand both reliability and local proximity in energy source production. Urban siting issues will ...


Architectural Sociology And Post-Modern Architectural Forms, Ronald Smith, Valerie Bugni Aug 2002

Architectural Sociology And Post-Modern Architectural Forms, Ronald Smith, Valerie Bugni

Sociology Faculty Publications

Architectural sociology examines how architectural forms are both the cause and effect of sociocultural phenomena. As illustration of both but especially the former relationship, we could examine the role of architecture in the creation of contemporary Las Vegas, a city that has experienced almost unparalleled growth in residents (1.4 mil.) and tourists (35 mil.annually) since 1990. We consider the postmodern characteristics of Las Vegas and architecture’s role in creating this image.


Review Of: The City As A Human Environment (Duane G. Levine & Arthur C. Upton Eds., Praeger Publishers 1994), Claudia Grimes Jan 1996

Review Of: The City As A Human Environment (Duane G. Levine & Arthur C. Upton Eds., Praeger Publishers 1994), Claudia Grimes

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment (1990-2002)

Review of: The City as a Human Environment (Duane G. LeVine & Arthur C. Upton eds., Praeger Publishers 1994). ISBN 0-275-94659-2; LC 94-1146. About the authors, bibliography, foreword, index, preface, tables. [216 pp. Cloth $55.00. 88 Post Road West, Westport CT 06881-5007.]