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Monitoring Suburban Nature Trail Visitors And Their Attitudes To Voluntary Trail Maintenance In Sapporo, Japan, Tetsuya Aikoh, Tzuchi Wei, Tasuku Kamei Jan 2016

Monitoring Suburban Nature Trail Visitors And Their Attitudes To Voluntary Trail Maintenance In Sapporo, Japan, Tetsuya Aikoh, Tzuchi Wei, Tasuku Kamei

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Recreational greenways, including walking trails, comprise one of the major categories of greenways (Fábos, 1995). Among the benefits provided by urban biodiversity are those people obtain from visiting nature trails in suburban forests. Managers need precise data, including data about usage levels, demands, and visitor satisfaction to demonstrate the importance of trails, and examine management measures. As challenges, managers also face a lack of funding and staff shortages in managing and maintaining the trails, having increasingly come to rely on volunteers for management. Alongside increasing interest, local stakeholders and visitors have progressively become expected to play a larger role in …


Evaluation Of Parks In Bartin-Turkey: Need For Green Infrastructure Approach, Mustafa Artar Jan 2016

Evaluation Of Parks In Bartin-Turkey: Need For Green Infrastructure Approach, Mustafa Artar

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Due to rapid increase on population and construction for urbanization, cities of 21 century change rapid and dynamically. As the lands in different characters of cities change and spoil the character known is also changing. At this point landscape features which affect the infrastructure within green spaces and waterscapes have important limiting role on urban development. Recent years climate change became an important topic and it brought the discussions on water management and green infrastructure issues. Green infrastructure (GI) approach is a trending subject for experts of urban development, landscape management and urban health. The European Landscape Convention (ELC) seeks …


Green Network In Urban Pressure, Eszter Bakay, Kinga Szilágyi Jan 2016

Green Network In Urban Pressure, Eszter Bakay, Kinga Szilágyi

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Budapest is a lucky city from an urban ecological point. Thanks to the Danube cutting through the middle of the city the ventilation of downtown is adequate. The existence of this natural waterflow offers a good possibility to create a green-blue infrastructure, which can be realized in the near future by turning the Pest side embankment partially into recreational open spaces. In spite of the favourable location the air quality of Budapest is often below the critical level, first of all in the city center. Though this unfavourable situation has numerous components- first of all the difficult traffic related problems …


Riverfront Planning Initiatives In Upstate New York: The Cases Of Kingston, Albany And Schenectady, Carlos Balsas Jan 2016

Riverfront Planning Initiatives In Upstate New York: The Cases Of Kingston, Albany And Schenectady, Carlos Balsas

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Waterfront locations have traditionally been perceived as possessing special qualities from real estate, urbanity and tourism perspectives. Many cities have developed on waterfronts and some of their most notable urban fabrics face waterbodies – rivers, canals, creeks, lakes or seas. Some small and mediumsized riverfront cities have been able to conserve or adapt their industrial era cultural heritage to new uses. In many cases, tourism has taken advantage of those locations for recreation, sports and community-oriented open-air events on the land-water interface (Bray, 1993; Kostopoulou, 2013). This paper provides a brief analysis of how three cities in upstate New York …


Greenbelts – Planning Instruments And Landscape Structure – A European Perspective, Agata Cieszewska, Joanna Adamczyk Jan 2016

Greenbelts – Planning Instruments And Landscape Structure – A European Perspective, Agata Cieszewska, Joanna Adamczyk

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Since 100 years the concept of planning tools addressed to control the urban sprawl has concentrated on open space protection around metropolitan cities. This has been applied using various green structures i.e.: belts, hearts, wedges or system of protected open spaces. The common element of these tools to control the urban sprawl is open spaces protection. Numerous applications in different natural and economic conditions create great potential for planners to adapt the concept (Cieszewska 2012, Cieszewska, Adamczyk 2014). Open spaces that preserve unbuilt part of metropolis fulfil four main functions: productive, environmental, recreational and ecological. The main question posed by …


The Role Of The Greenways In The Harmonization Of Urban-Rural Relation In Hungary, Edina Dancsokné Fóris, Ágnes Sallay Jan 2016

The Role Of The Greenways In The Harmonization Of Urban-Rural Relation In Hungary, Edina Dancsokné Fóris, Ágnes Sallay

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The decrease in the population of villages and the growth of cities is a global phenomenon, also present in Hungary. In inner peripheries, regions that most often lack cities, the ageing of the population and the emptying of the villages has begun. These regions are uniquely affected by regional development and rural development in terms of both economics and demographics. A significant step in creating cohesion between the advanced urban areas and the declining rural areas is the improvement of infrastructure (Csatári). We believe that greenways, as parts of the networks of infrastructure and green infrastructure, may play a significant …


Urban Gleaning: Promoting Food Security Through Opportunistic Design Strategies, Carey Clouse, Caryn Brause Jan 2016

Urban Gleaning: Promoting Food Security Through Opportunistic Design Strategies, Carey Clouse, Caryn Brause

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In an effort to improve food literacy, food security, and food access, concerned

citizens have, over the course of the past several decades, developed new types

of landscapes for urban gleaning. While these design interventions vary in

scope and approach, they share a common fundamental desire: to invite others

to join in a harvest picked from the city. This paper addresses the broad context

of urban gleaning through the specific lens of two case studies in

Northampton, MA, and suggests that these types of nontraditional agricultural

sites have the potential to radically restructure cityscapes. Moreover, while

urban gleaning efforts rarely …


Terroir: Wine, Winery, Landscape, Olga Harea, Mariann Simon Jan 2016

Terroir: Wine, Winery, Landscape, Olga Harea, Mariann Simon

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Wine production has a long history in Hungary, but the system was totally rearranged following the change in the political-economic system. Due to the change in the ownership structure and in the scale of wine production several new wineries were built in the country in the last fifteen years, most of them also representing a high architectural quality.

Parallel with the development of wine tasting culture these buildings had to answer to multiple requirements: they had not only to accommodate to the production but also to represent the firm, and being the part of the new brand. Taste of wine …


Assessing The Economic Benefits Of Multi-Use Trails And Greenways: A Case Study Into The Tammany Trace Rail-Trail In St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana, U.S.A., Hagen Thames Hammons Jan 2016

Assessing The Economic Benefits Of Multi-Use Trails And Greenways: A Case Study Into The Tammany Trace Rail-Trail In St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana, U.S.A., Hagen Thames Hammons

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Multi-use trails are becoming an economic catalyst and vital contributor to the quality of life for communities all across the world. This paper takes these factors as a basis into a case study on the Tammany Trace (herafter, ’the Trace’), rail-to-trail conversion in St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana, U.S.A. The study looks into how the region and local communities have benefited from the facility by collecting and presenting the data from the following objectives:

⎯ Present the existing conditions and perceptions of the Trace through mapping techniques and feedback from interviews with local leaders.

⎯ Conduct an intercept survey on Trace …


Potential For Green Corridors Along The Danube River In Novi Sad, Serbia, Ksenija Hiel, Emina Mladenovic, Jelena Cukanovic, Mirjana Ljubojevic Jan 2016

Potential For Green Corridors Along The Danube River In Novi Sad, Serbia, Ksenija Hiel, Emina Mladenovic, Jelena Cukanovic, Mirjana Ljubojevic

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Green corridors are areas or bands that play the role of separating two functionally different areas with natural elements usually different types of vegetation (trees, shrubs, flowers, and grass). Another important feature of green corridors is linking the leafy area into a unique whole. In this case, prevent fragmentation habitat corridors and represented areas in which it can develop biodiversity. If the green corridors are along the banks (lakes, rivers, seas, channels) their importance is increasing. Green corridors that follow the coastline, depending on the types of trees and shrubs may have a significant impact on water levels and groundwater …


Improving The Green System Of Budapest By Transforming Railway Rust Areas, Dóra Hutter Jan 2016

Improving The Green System Of Budapest By Transforming Railway Rust Areas, Dóra Hutter

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The Industrial Revolution had a negative impact on both the city and the environment. By the second half of the 19th century the urban erosion of industrial cities cried for direct intervention and curing. The methods developed either along an urban or an anti-urban philosophy, resulted the new models of green belt systems aimed to solve all the main urban problems with restructuring the urban fabric, controlling the urban spread into the rural landscape, the lack of green areas and open spaces for recreation and social life, and the lack of green spaces for ventilation.

On the other hand in …


Riverside Parks As A Tool Of Landscape Transformation And Reconnecting People With Urban Nature, Kasper Jakubowski Jan 2016

Riverside Parks As A Tool Of Landscape Transformation And Reconnecting People With Urban Nature, Kasper Jakubowski

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The author presents the synthesis of his latest research results regarding the new concepts of urban green spaces, so called “ecology parks” or “naturalized parks” designed in many European cities since the beginning of 1990s. These relatively new types of parks (Cranz, Boland, 2004) have been created also in the immediate neighbourhood of urban riversides include reclaimed brownfield sites, restored floodplains and the remnants of semi-natural riparian vegetation in a city (urban wilds) (Jakubowski, 2015). The paper identifies what contribution the sustainable models of riverine parks can make to ecological balance of modern cities and solving environmental problems while enhancing …


The Potential Of Cemeteries To Improve Urban Green Infrastructure - A Case Study In Nitra, Slovakia, Denisa Halajová, Mária Bihuňová, Štefan Lančarič Jan 2016

The Potential Of Cemeteries To Improve Urban Green Infrastructure - A Case Study In Nitra, Slovakia, Denisa Halajová, Mária Bihuňová, Štefan Lančarič

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Cemeteries comprise a significant area of green space in many cities, are located in prominent locations and are an important element of green infrastructure. Cemeteries offer additional value in the context of their historical and spiritual dimensions. The article is focused on the assessment of the current status of the greenery in five selected cemeteries in the town of Nitra. According to the analyses, we will point at the importance of the cemetery’s greenery in a city. Authors emphasize hidden potential of the greenery represented by recreational use and connections to the green infrastructure of the city and take into …


Motivations Of Trail Volunteers Of The Adirondack Mountain Club, Tasuku Kamei, Tetsuya Aikoh, Robert L. Ryan Jan 2016

Motivations Of Trail Volunteers Of The Adirondack Mountain Club, Tasuku Kamei, Tetsuya Aikoh, Robert L. Ryan

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Managers of many natural areas are facing challenges in maintaining greenways, given limited human and financial resources to deal with the vast areas of land that they manage. Volunteerism has increasingly been considered key to maintaining trails and other facilities. Organizations have sought ways to incorporate people into trail maintenance practices. For example, the Adirondack Mountain Club in New York provides various volunteer opportunities for members and non-members. Over 300 volunteers participated in the Adirondack Mountain Club’s supervised trail volunteer programs in 2013, providing 3,500 hours of labor. What motivates people to participate in such physically and mentally demanding activities …


Shadeways: Exploring A New Greenway Type Promoting The Mediterranean Bio Climate In Greece, Alexander Kantartzis, Mark Lindhult Jan 2016

Shadeways: Exploring A New Greenway Type Promoting The Mediterranean Bio Climate In Greece, Alexander Kantartzis, Mark Lindhult

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In a Mediterranean climate the bioclimatic design parameters greatly influence and determine a greenway’s successful use in terms of human comfort and should be a key element in landscape planning and decision making. Tourism is probably the best example among human activities in which the linkages between environmental quality and economic prospects are evident (Priestley et al., 1996). Internationally, greenways have proved to be desired living places, with pedestrian access to nearby neighbouring rural towns, improving the overall quality of public space. Sustainable rural greenways geared to leisure and tourism offer mobility, conservation, reuse of natural and cultural heritage sites, …


Experimenting Regional River Pattern As Landscape Corridors In Urban Transformation, Adnan Kaplan Jan 2016

Experimenting Regional River Pattern As Landscape Corridors In Urban Transformation, Adnan Kaplan

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

It is widely acknowledged that today’s state-of-art cities are capable of acting as landscape systems within and beyond urban domain. In this context, river systems provide urban fabric with physical, ecological and social advocacy while addressing multiple challenges of rapid urbanization and its resultant effects such as dense and uncontrolled urban development.

Based on the aforementioned statement, this paper enunciates the attachment of regional river pattern (particularly composed of Meles Delta and Bornova Rivers, and their association with natural and urban patches) with centrally located, yet large tract of İzmir metropolitan city (Fig. 1).


Cities Of The Future: Synergies Between Smart Energy And Greenways, Elizabeth Kocs Jan 2016

Cities Of The Future: Synergies Between Smart Energy And Greenways, Elizabeth Kocs

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

We are well on the way to becoming an urban world. According to the United Nations World Economic and Social Survey (UN, 2013), at least half the world’s population has been living in cities since 2007, a figure that is projected to rise to more than 70 percent by 2050. This poses unprecedented challenges in light of increasing pressures on world energy reserves, the uncertain and potentially devastating effects of climate change, other forms of environmental degradation, and a range of problems related to urban living such as overcrowding in city centers and sprawl in suburban areas and beyond.

The …


Impact Of Green Industrial Zones On City Development, Karolina Latusek Jan 2016

Impact Of Green Industrial Zones On City Development, Karolina Latusek

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Arranged green spaces of industrial areas are a form greenery planted in an organized way, accompanying industrial facilities. During designing large industrial facilities, green spaces constituted an integral element of industrial facility and adjacent areas. They played numerous essential roles, such as protective, decorative, recreational, representative, psychological or masking functions. Depending on the intended purpose, a green space assumed also suitable forms: buffer strips, clumps, solitary plants, cross-shaped, strip-shaped or round-shaped layouts. An equally crucial aspect, as the form of greenery, was selection of an adequate species adapted both to the terrain conditions and specificity of production.

During construction of …


Developing Greenways Under A Top-Down Institutional Structure: A Case Study In The Pearl River Delta, China, Zheng Liu, Yanliu Lin, Nanan Zhao Jan 2016

Developing Greenways Under A Top-Down Institutional Structure: A Case Study In The Pearl River Delta, China, Zheng Liu, Yanliu Lin, Nanan Zhao

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenways are linear open spaces and networks of lands that are planned, designed and managed for ecological, scenic, recreational and cultural purposes (Little, 1990; Ahern, 1995; Fabos, 1995; Erickson, 2004; Jongman & Pungetti, 2004). Greenways are commonly structured by natural or humanmade features such as rivers, ridgelines, railroads, canals or roads (Erickson, 2004). In the international greenway movement, greenways no longer had only a beautification and recreational function, but expanded to multiple objectives, such as habitat protection, flood hazard reduction, water quality improvement, historical preservation, education and interpretation (Searns, 1995; Tan, 2006). Moreover, the concept of greenways shows high compatibility …


Greenways As Resilient Infrastructure: The Brooklyn Greenway Case Study, Tricia Martin Jan 2016

Greenways As Resilient Infrastructure: The Brooklyn Greenway Case Study, Tricia Martin

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenways as resilient infrastructure illuminates the recent global progress in redefining and reimagining the possibilities for greenway planning and design. New greenways are highly ambitious as they are planned and designed to address a multiplicity of environmental and social challenges (Searns, R. M, 1995). Urban areas all over the world are experiencing temperature increases, severe rain events (and longer droughts), and sea-level rise while simultaneously impacted by population growth in cities (Cheng, Chingwen, et al., 2013). These environmental and social forces add strain to our urban areas and city leaders are looking for multi-objective strategies that can mitigate these strains …


Zaragoza Life Project: Creation, Management And Promotion Of Green Infrastructure Of Zaragoza (Spain). Life12 Env/Es/000567, Montserrat Hernández Martín, Luis Manso De Zúñiga González Jan 2016

Zaragoza Life Project: Creation, Management And Promotion Of Green Infrastructure Of Zaragoza (Spain). Life12 Env/Es/000567, Montserrat Hernández Martín, Luis Manso De Zúñiga González

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The City Hall of Zaragoza turned out to be beneficiary in the year 2012 of a European LIFE project called Life Zaragoza Natural.

The general objective of the project is to protect, enhance, value, know and bring the Green Infrastructure (GI) of Zaragoza to the attention of the public, which includes Natura 2000 spaces (Sites of Community Importance (SCIs) and Special Protection Areas (SPAs)) as well as the Green Belt and other natural spaces of municipal interest to be considered of great uniqueness on European scale due to both its contiguity and proximity to a large city and its extraordinary …


Impacts Of Highways On Rural Landscapes In Turkey, Sibel Mansuroglu, Tanay Birisci, Ruya Yilmaz Jan 2016

Impacts Of Highways On Rural Landscapes In Turkey, Sibel Mansuroglu, Tanay Birisci, Ruya Yilmaz

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

After being settled, human being developed road networks to provide connection between settlements. Roads are developed with the automobile industry at the beginning of the 20th century. New roads may induce development in previously undeveloped areas, sometimes significantly affecting sensitive environments and the lifestyles of indigenous people. Motor vehicle use has increased rapidly with the result that transportation is now a major source of environmental problems. Human activities within a landscape often result in loss of land cover types, fragmentation of habitats, remaining land cover into smaller and more isolated, disturbing wildlife movements and plants. Transportation decisions affect land use …


Is Liverpool (Uk) Ready To Embrace Green Infirastructure And Greenway Practices? Rethinking The Funding, Management And Spatial Distribution Of City’S Greenspace Network In An Era Of Austerity., Ian C. Mell Jan 2016

Is Liverpool (Uk) Ready To Embrace Green Infirastructure And Greenway Practices? Rethinking The Funding, Management And Spatial Distribution Of City’S Greenspace Network In An Era Of Austerity., Ian C. Mell

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Changes in government in 2010 placed additional economic pressures on the funding of urban greenspaces. These changes have led Local Planning Authorities (LPAs) to make difficult choices over what services they are legally required to provide. Potentially the biggest loser in this process has been the funding for greenspaces. Although many cities have felt the impacts of fiscal austerity, Liverpool has been one of the city’s hardest hit. As a consequence, Liverpool City Council (LCC) is being forced to make decisions over how it will maintain the city’s landscape post 2016/17. Partially this reflects the fragmented nature and historical distribution …


Hybrid Green Corridors In Arid Northern Mexico: Design For A Balance Between Ecological And Non-Motorized Mobility Networks, Gabriel Díaz Montemayor Jan 2016

Hybrid Green Corridors In Arid Northern Mexico: Design For A Balance Between Ecological And Non-Motorized Mobility Networks, Gabriel Díaz Montemayor

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Urban planning in Mexico has been going through intensive updating by the hand of the recently created Municipal Planning Institutes (IMPLANES). These institutes have emerged in the XXI century as a response to the inability to implement medium to long term planning efforts derived from an urban administration model determined by three year municipal government terms with no reelection as an option. Before the emergence of IMPLANES, decisions pertaining urban infrastructure were determined by mayors trying to leverage brief periods of time in the scale of urban administration and planning. IMPLANES have spent a significant part of their efforts updating …


Planning The Green Infrastructure Of The Tagus River Estuary In Lisbon Metropolitan Area, Portugal, Rosário Oliveira Jan 2016

Planning The Green Infrastructure Of The Tagus River Estuary In Lisbon Metropolitan Area, Portugal, Rosário Oliveira

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The Tagus River is the most important and largest watershed of Iberia, with 1007 km long and 81 000 km2 basin, about 30% Portuguese. Understood in a cross-border perspective, it constitutes a valuable resource that brings together relevant biophysical, historical and cultural aspects translated into a huge richness and landscape diversity. The Tagus estuary is the largest wetland area in Portugal and one of the most important in Europe, with an area of 325 km2 and a high status for the conservation of important biodiversity. This estuary corresponds to the core of the Lisbon Metropolitan Area, which is about 3.3% …


Greenway Planning For Tehran Metropolis, Morteza Rahbar, Mahdi Shaibani Jan 2016

Greenway Planning For Tehran Metropolis, Morteza Rahbar, Mahdi Shaibani

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

"Greenways are networks of land that are planned, designed and managed for multiple purposes including ecological, recreational, cultural, aesthetic, or other purposes compatible with the concept of sustainable land use." (Ahern, 1996) The term greenway comes from the "green" in greenbelt and the "way" in parkway, implying a recreational or pedestrian use rather than a typical street corridor, as well as an emphasis on introducing or maintaining vegetation. Some greenways tend to have a contiguous pathway, allowing urban commuting via bicycle or foot. Greenways are seen as a critical part of urban green infrastructure and as a positive way to …


Complex Educational Model Project In The Nivegy Valley, Zsuzsanna Mikházi, Edina Dancsokné Fóris Jan 2016

Complex Educational Model Project In The Nivegy Valley, Zsuzsanna Mikházi, Edina Dancsokné Fóris

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The Faculty of Landscape Architecture of the Szent István University (formerly of the Corvinus University of Budapest) places great importance on providing its graduates with designing experience. In order to achieve this, the faculty organize more and more opportunities for professional practice every year. Each of these is usually related to different university subjects.

In the spring 2015, within the framework of the Rural Development subject, we began our involvement with the settlements in and near the Nivegy Valley. This was possible thanks to the good professional relationship between the LAG (Local Action Group) of the Balaton Uplands and our …


The Redevelopment And Restoration Of Selected Trail Bmp Features To Provide Environmental, Educational, And Aesthetic Benefits, David N. Myers Jan 2016

The Redevelopment And Restoration Of Selected Trail Bmp Features To Provide Environmental, Educational, And Aesthetic Benefits, David N. Myers

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Trail and Greenway systems in Montgomery and Prince George’s Counties, Maryland are overseen by the Maryland National Capitol Park and Planning Commission (MNCPPC). These greenway systems are extensive and provide trails for a combined suburban and urban population of over 1.8 million people. These trails systems are also connected to the trail systems of the District of Columbia (Washington, D.C). One well known greenway system is the Anacostia Tributary Trail System which extends into all three jurisdictions. With new additions connecting existing trails in Prince George’s County and the District of Columbia, the Anacostia Tributary Trail System will be one …


Landscape Constrains: Opportunities For Creative And Sustainable Landscape Design, Luís Ribeiro, Teresa Barão, Catarina Viana Jan 2016

Landscape Constrains: Opportunities For Creative And Sustainable Landscape Design, Luís Ribeiro, Teresa Barão, Catarina Viana

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper aims to demonstrate the potential of “landscape constrains” as significant assets in landscape planning and design. Constrains underlie, among other factors, landscape character, therefore being crucial to its assessment and for creative and sustainable design. Identifying constrains enables to understand land degradation and, therefore, searching strategies for land improvement starting from the components that actually exist, instead of trying to induce new features considered to be more sustainable. Involving thoroughly “constrains” into design can contribute and strengthen landscape resilience since it accepts that negative assets can evolve towards good landscape, therefore contribute to better design. This is to …


Spatio-Temporal Characteristics Of Roadside Landscape Components Along The Coastal Zone Between Amasra And Kurucaşile Cities Of Bartın Province, Turkey, Melih Öztürk, Ercan Gökyer Jan 2016

Spatio-Temporal Characteristics Of Roadside Landscape Components Along The Coastal Zone Between Amasra And Kurucaşile Cities Of Bartın Province, Turkey, Melih Öztürk, Ercan Gökyer

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Roads connect populations, societies, cultures and economies (Havlick, 2002; Delgado et al., 2007). They also serve astonishing landscapes for the travelers. Forested rural landscapes along the coastal zones display unique features which vary spatially and temporally (Marsh, 2010). Therefore, the coastal roadside landscape components involving particularly the sea, trees, shrubs, villages and agricultural areas supply recreation for the people who experience this trip. Roadside landscape and scenic quality not only satisfy visual perception of the travelers (Akbar et al. 2003) but also serve for the safe and comfortable travel (Mok et al., 2006; Öztürk and Gökyer, 2015).

Greenways are defined …