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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Metaphor And Simile As A Design Tool To Use Intangible Heritage In Contemporary Architecture- An Approach To Maintain Identity And Cultural Authenticity- Case Of Gaza City, Ahed Helles Oct 2019

Metaphor And Simile As A Design Tool To Use Intangible Heritage In Contemporary Architecture- An Approach To Maintain Identity And Cultural Authenticity- Case Of Gaza City, Ahed Helles

Emirates Journal for Engineering Research

Historical buildings are considered a source of architectural inspiration and a key determinant to maintain continuity with the past and preserve cities identity. Unfortunately. most of the historical buildings in Gaza city had been diminished from the fabric making the city as if it has no historical roots, not only because of the scarcity of its historical architecture but also because of its contemporary architecture which seems empty from cultural contents and meanings. However, the city is rich with its intangible heritage which can be invested to fill the vacuum as a source of architectural inspiration. The study proposed that ...


The Effect Of Season On Construction Accidents In Saudi Arabia, Abdurahman Ammar Aug 2019

The Effect Of Season On Construction Accidents In Saudi Arabia, Abdurahman Ammar

Emirates Journal for Engineering Research

Construction workers are exposed to extreme conditions over a large portion of the work day during the different seasons of the year when working on construction sites. Some studies have discussed the effect of seasonal timing of work-related injuries and concluded that more injuries occur during the summer months [1]. Other studies concluded that accidents are more likely to occur during rainy seasons [2]. Construction accidents data from 2004 to 2011 were obtained from the General Organization for Social Insurance (GOSI). A two way ANOVA analysis showed that there was no significant difference among the years in terms of number ...


Daylight Illuminance In Classrooms Adjacent To Covered And Uncovered Courtyards Under The Clear Sky Of Najran City, Saudi Arabia, Abdultawab M. Qahtan Jul 2019

Daylight Illuminance In Classrooms Adjacent To Covered And Uncovered Courtyards Under The Clear Sky Of Najran City, Saudi Arabia, Abdultawab M. Qahtan

Emirates Journal for Engineering Research

Daylight penetrating the classrooms makes students efficient, improves overall health and increases energy efficiency. In the hot regions, the concept of courtyards in buildings is deeply linked to the architecture as a sustainable solution to daylight indoors without negatively affecting the building cooling loads in the summer. Najran University has existing courtyards in college buildings. Recently, the university covered the courtyards using PVC canvas. This study aims to investigate and compare the daylight illuminance in classrooms adjacent to covered and uncovered courtyards. A case study of four classrooms in the College of Engineering was investigated under the clear sky of ...


Indicators Of Urban Heritage Teaching In The Public Universities In Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia, Ahmad Toman Jul 2019

Indicators Of Urban Heritage Teaching In The Public Universities In Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia, Ahmad Toman

Emirates Journal for Engineering Research

The study reviewed the academic programs in the universities of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to measure their attention to teaching the urban heritage through the analysis of curse description and apply the definition of urban heritage to this description, and then determine whether this article takes care of the teaching of urban heritage. In order to conduct the evaluation, a digital scale designed to evaluate the universities in terms of urban heritage teaching at four levels.

The study reached the following results:

• The number of universities that teach the urban heritage 12 out of 29 public universities, which is ...


Towards Theoretical Framework Of Exterior Architectural Ornamentations Of Public Buildings In The Arabian Gulf States, Maryam Khalid Aldossary, Abdulsalam Ali Al-Sudairi Apr 2019

Towards Theoretical Framework Of Exterior Architectural Ornamentations Of Public Buildings In The Arabian Gulf States, Maryam Khalid Aldossary, Abdulsalam Ali Al-Sudairi

Emirates Journal for Engineering Research

Ornamentation is defined as a symbolic art that describes the cultural heritage of nations where one can recognize the elements of ideology, anthropological beliefs, and inheritance of beliefs, rituals and decrees. In the Arab Gulf states, ornamentation is considered as a major element of public and private buildings’ architecture that experienced several changes in their architectural and technical characteristics due to political and economic aspects. These aspects have had direct impact on the architectural outcomes including the ornamentation that led to various development and modifications in functions and features. Therefore, this study aims at creating a model that observes and ...


Bridges As Part Of City Symbols An Analytical And Descriptive Study With Case Study In Basra, Iraq, Armen Sakis Khosrof Markarian, Kkhalil Ibrahim Ali Mar 2019

Bridges As Part Of City Symbols An Analytical And Descriptive Study With Case Study In Basra, Iraq, Armen Sakis Khosrof Markarian, Kkhalil Ibrahim Ali

Emirates Journal for Engineering Research

Various studies had covered a number of major areas and sectors (Mehalla) in Basrah describing its major roads building methods and characteristics of traditional and contemporary buildings. They also cover the rivers passing through the city and the canals where bridge from a strong link between the parts. These rivers and canals formed a significant element in the city formation. These studies did not cover the visual impact of these bridges nor have documented evidence about their attributes and significance on the whole city especially. This study tries to through the period 1870 – 1958 this study tries to fill this ...


Creative Chaos And Effect On The Livable City, Mohammed Qasim Al Ani, Wurood Adeeb Khamees Mar 2019

Creative Chaos And Effect On The Livable City, Mohammed Qasim Al Ani, Wurood Adeeb Khamees

Emirates Journal for Engineering Research

The city is a complex entity and needs the integration of several urban systems. Urban systems, including the development plans and the strict building codes, will lead to the loss of part of the creativity and vitality of urban dwellers. When these laws and plans lose control of the city, the needs of the occupants will be clearly visible, sometimes leading to uncontrolled urban chaos. However, this disorder to count as the driving force of life that drove occupants like Baghdad residents to express their needs. The city life and its complexity will appear through several criteria governing their regularity ...


Safety Standards Must Be Met For Fire Fighting In Educational Workshops In Industrial Secondary Schools In The Arab Republic Of Egypt, Ibrahim Mahmoud Hassan, Wael Ahmed Rady, Walid Mahmoud El-Nahas Mar 2019

Safety Standards Must Be Met For Fire Fighting In Educational Workshops In Industrial Secondary Schools In The Arab Republic Of Egypt, Ibrahim Mahmoud Hassan, Wael Ahmed Rady, Walid Mahmoud El-Nahas

Emirates Journal for Engineering Research

The aim of the research is to establish safety standards for fire fighting within educational workshops in industrial secondary schools to determine the structural requirements for designing workshops in educational buildings and meet international standards. To achieve this a questionnaire was made and data collected for analysis and hypothesis testing using the statistical package of social Sciences (SPSS). Through the adoption of a number of different statistical methods and after conducting the analysis of research data and testing its hypotheses find a number of results, most importantly that the standards conform to international and local standards . The results also indicated ...


Factors Affecting The Safety Of Workers In Construction In Saudi Arabia, Turki Almalki, Abdurahman Ammar Feb 2019

Factors Affecting The Safety Of Workers In Construction In Saudi Arabia, Turki Almalki, Abdurahman Ammar

Emirates Journal for Engineering Research

Construction industry is one of the most important and largest industries. It has a high rate of worker injuries and death. There are many factors that may increase the rate of construction accidents. Studying these factors will contribute in reducing these rates, thus, reduce the negative effects from them. Through this research, the important factors affecting the safety of construction workers in Saudi Arabia have been studied to determine the most important factors. The scope of research includes specialists in construction companies who are classified in the field of "Buildings". Descriptive Survey Method was used in this research. 64 factors ...


Augmented And Virtual Reality Technologies In Contemporary Architectural Design, Osama Altamimi Jan 2019

Augmented And Virtual Reality Technologies In Contemporary Architectural Design, Osama Altamimi

Emirates Journal for Engineering Research

Technological developments and the digital revolution have succeeded in integrating many technological applications and launching them into applications that are more complex and penetrated into all aspects of technology that affect architecture. The most important of these is the technology of augmented and virtual reality, which unleashed the architects' freedom of thought and creativity without restriction, High flexibility; they transferred architecture to the virtual reality world. The role of the computer in architecture is no longer limited to presentation and imagination, but a main shift in the traditional standards of the design process and the transformation of the computer into ...