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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Rethinking Preservation At Fort Union National Monument, Silvia Callegari Jan 2017

Rethinking Preservation At Fort Union National Monument, Silvia Callegari

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis examines past and current preservation techniques at Fort Union National Monument, New Mexico in light of increasing threats from climate change, inadequate stabilization practices, and diminishing agency resources, and aims to make recommendations for future preservation work at the site. Fort Union National Monument is the largest existing earthen ruin in North America and historically served as an active military fort and depot on the Santa Fe Trail between 1851-1891. The fort was abandoned in 1891, pillaged by locals for materials, and prior to the stabilization of the site in 1956, the adobe walls were left to weather ...


Testing And Evaluation Of Soil Based Grouts For The Adhesion Of Consolidated And Un-Consolidated Painted Lime Plaster At The Mission San José De Tumacácori, Nicole M. Declet Díaz Jan 2017

Testing And Evaluation Of Soil Based Grouts For The Adhesion Of Consolidated And Un-Consolidated Painted Lime Plaster At The Mission San José De Tumacácori, Nicole M. Declet Díaz

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The interior decorative painting at Mission San Jose de Tumacácori is a rare survival of late 18th century-early 19th century artistic traditions of northern Sonora and the Kino mission churches. Despite earlier attempts to stabilize these finishes, the original painted lime plaster has continued to detach from the adobe substrate. Previous techniques to stabilize the paintings began with research by J. Rutherford Gettens in 1949-1952 and subsequent attempts in 1984 to reattach detached plaster have proven ineffective. The current research evaluates soil-based injection grouting in order to adhere the loose plaster on the nave and sanctuary walls. Earthen grouts were ...


Using Agriculture As An Interpretive Management Strategy At Grant Kohrs National Historic Site To Tie Together Historical Significance And Natural Resource Conservation, Garrett Richardson Jan 2017

Using Agriculture As An Interpretive Management Strategy At Grant Kohrs National Historic Site To Tie Together Historical Significance And Natural Resource Conservation, Garrett Richardson

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The core question being investigated within the scope of this thesis is how does Grant Kohrs Ranch National Historic Site tie use an interpretive management involving agriculture to tie together historic significance and natural resource conservation? In order to establish a firm knowledge of the site, a visit to the ranch that included site documentation, investigation, and interviewing of staff members was conducted in October 2016. The type of interpretation conveyed to visitors at GRKO is unique, but what makes GRKO really special is that visitors have unrestricted access to the entire site. This allows for the purest form of ...


An Examination And Condition Assessment Of Robert Winthrop Chanler's Pool Grotto Ceiling Mural At Vizcaya, Miami, Lucy Midelfort Jan 2017

An Examination And Condition Assessment Of Robert Winthrop Chanler's Pool Grotto Ceiling Mural At Vizcaya, Miami, Lucy Midelfort

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The following thesis addresses the state of conservation of the exterior ceiling mural by Robert Chanler at Vizcaya, the 1916 winter home of James Deering in Miami, Florida. The fantastical depiction of shimmering fish and delicately glazed high relief seashells painted on the ceiling of the pool grotto has deteriorated greatly over time, so much that only ~10% of the original surfaces remain visible today. No comprehensive documentation of the conditions of the ceiling exists, yet the ceiling is a rare example of the artist’s mural work and after having undergone a variety of under-documented interventions, it still impresses ...


Stewarding An Educational Legacy: Historic Preservation At Historically Black Colleges And Universities, Katlyn E. Cotton Jan 2017

Stewarding An Educational Legacy: Historic Preservation At Historically Black Colleges And Universities, Katlyn E. Cotton

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The historic campuses of Historically Black Colleges and Universities inform a story that no other setting can tell. Since before the Civil War, through Reconstruction and the Civil Rights movement, and still today, these institutions have served as the backdrop for this country’s greatest social justice struggles. They have functioned as free spaces and safe havens—places of reprieve from discrimination and inequity—where young African Americans were given the confidence and support to become leaders, innovators, and history-makers. Throughout history, these incredible institutions have nurtured an environment of empowerment, cultural reinforcement, and acceptance that has had immeasurable impacts ...


Architecture + Havoc: The Agency Of Historic Sites During Conflict, Emily Gruendel Jan 2017

Architecture + Havoc: The Agency Of Historic Sites During Conflict, Emily Gruendel

Theses (Historic Preservation)

For the fields of architecture and preservation, havocked environments are catalysts for our work managing, manipulating, and reviving the built condition. Over the last few decades, however, technological advancements have transformed the way in which the world sees conflict. No longer must we wait for a peace—havoc reveals itself immediately on our screens. It is critical for the fields to extend their role beyond pre-conflict preparations and post-conflict response. The built environment has just as much agency as warring parties do, and it is essential to critically engage with the physical and humanistic realities of conflict zones.

This thesis ...


Rooted In History: Historic Preservation As A Foundation For Community Engagement Along The Lower Schuylkill, Starr E. Herr-Cardillo Jan 2017

Rooted In History: Historic Preservation As A Foundation For Community Engagement Along The Lower Schuylkill, Starr E. Herr-Cardillo

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Once the centerpiece of a rolling pastoral landscape, punctuated by some of the most important ornamental and botanical gardens of the colonial and early national eras, the Lower Schuylkill metamorphosed over the next century into one of the most polluted and environmentally degraded waterways in the country. In this thesis I will discuss the historical, environmental, and political themes that have shaped the evolution of the Lower Schuylkill region. Reviewing analyses and critiques of neoliberal urbanism, particularly in the context of waterfront revitalization projects, I identify ways in which preservation and related fields might support or resist a development-driven agenda ...


Applications Of Cultural Landscape Studies In Single-Street Historic Districts, Arielle Simone Harris Jan 2017

Applications Of Cultural Landscape Studies In Single-Street Historic Districts, Arielle Simone Harris

Theses (Historic Preservation)

For decades, Philadelphia has ineffectively balanced increasing development pressures with protection of the city’s historic resources, resulting in the loss of locally and nationally significant places. To the extent that local preservation efforts have been effective, they have relied heavily on the use of historic districts (roughly seventy percent of all buildings in the Philadelphia Register of Historic Places owe their protection to this mechanism). Nonetheless, nominations of traditional, neighborhood-bound historic districts have been tabled or dismissed by the Philadelphia Historical Commission for over a decade. The impasse stems from misguided perceptions about property values and building maintenance, political ...


"Forever Wild": Wilderness Values And Historic Preservation In The Catskill Forest Preserve, Carolyn Zemanian Jan 2017

"Forever Wild": Wilderness Values And Historic Preservation In The Catskill Forest Preserve, Carolyn Zemanian

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Article XIV of the New York State Constitution (1894) declares that the Adirondack and Catskill Forest Preserves will be “forever kept as wild forest lands.” The State of New York has interpreted this “forever wild” clause to mean that most structures are inherently incompatible with the wilderness values of the preserves. As a result, the State has sought to enhance wilderness by removing structures it deems “non-conforming” with the forest preserves’ natural qualities.

Approaching the Catskill Forest Preserve as a cultural landscape, this thesis describes and analyzes the current and past enabling (or disabling) environment of historic preservation in the ...


Redesigning Historic Districts: A Study Of Preservation Plans For Historic Districts Of Jingzhou Ancient City In Hubei, China, Chuhan Zheng Jan 2017

Redesigning Historic Districts: A Study Of Preservation Plans For Historic Districts Of Jingzhou Ancient City In Hubei, China, Chuhan Zheng

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Designation of historic districts is becoming a more commonly seen strategy for protecting larger environment and historic urban fabrics in China. Jingzhou, which is one of the first 24 “Historic Cultural Cities” in China, designated three historic districts in 2014. However, there are many issues with the existing preservation plans. Before the completed implementation of the plans, this thesis hopes to provide better solutions for creating more equitable and resilient historic districts through criticizing the existing plans, researching on case studies, as well as re-programming and redesigning the historic districts. The criticisms mainly focus on lacking sufficient considerations of large-scale ...


Evaluation Of Preservation And Adaptive Reuse Of Historic Villages In Scenic Area Of China: A Case Study Of Amanfayun In Hangzhou, Zhejiang, Di Fan Jan 2017

Evaluation Of Preservation And Adaptive Reuse Of Historic Villages In Scenic Area Of China: A Case Study Of Amanfayun In Hangzhou, Zhejiang, Di Fan

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The recent economic development of the 1990’s in China, including increased foreign trade and investment, has brought about an upheaval change of physical, cultural and social conditions in rural China. And the large amount of demolition and reconstruction of historic villages put a severe challenge in preserving traditional rural heritages of China. The historic villages in scenic areas, especially due to their unique cultural and natural resources, typically became the first targets of modern transformation and bedrock for economic development. By focusing on several restoration and adaptive reuse cases of historic villages, especially the case of Amanfayun within the ...


Comparative Analysis Of Select Sustainable Wood Preservative Systems For Heritage Conservation: A Termite Resistance Laboratory Testing Program On Radiata Pine, Katharine George Jan 2017

Comparative Analysis Of Select Sustainable Wood Preservative Systems For Heritage Conservation: A Termite Resistance Laboratory Testing Program On Radiata Pine, Katharine George

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Today, the naturally harvested wood material of the past, prized for durability, is increasing difficult to obtain in substantial quantities with no certainty of replenishing a diminishing resource. The building and heritage conservation industries are in need of an environmentally friendly wood-based product whose service life meets the expectations of its users. The wood preservative industry aims to mitigate this gap in the present-day wood industry by minimizing wood’s vulnerability to the consumptive natural environment. Generally, wood preservatives are chemicals that are toxic to common decay fungi and/or insects, or are chemicals that somehow modify or protect the ...


Creating Home: Reuse Of Vacant Philadelphia Schools For Permanent Supportive Housing, Peter Hiller Jan 2017

Creating Home: Reuse Of Vacant Philadelphia Schools For Permanent Supportive Housing, Peter Hiller

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Since 2000, many of Philadelphia’s failing, mid-century, public housing towers have been demolished and replaced with low-rise, mixed-income developments that successfully integrate low-income—and potentially homeless—families and individuals into the community. Many Philadelphians, however, are still without a home, are in need, and are out of place. Furthermore, in the last decade, over thirty of Philadelphia’s historic schools have been shut down and vacated due to cuts to the school district budget, declining enrollment, and district politics; some of these entities, however, have consolidated or moved to new state-of-the-art buildings that serve them better, leaving the old ...


Cultural Landscapes And Adaptation: Identifying The Role Of Civic Engagement And Cultural Heritage In Coastal Adaptation Planning, Madeleine Helmer Jan 2017

Cultural Landscapes And Adaptation: Identifying The Role Of Civic Engagement And Cultural Heritage In Coastal Adaptation Planning, Madeleine Helmer

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Recognizing climate change associated threats to coastal environments, civic leaders and policymakers are developing and implementing local adaptation and resilience strategies. Largely absent from this conversation is, however, the cultural heritage of the coast-- the places of local identity, meaning and history. To address this shortcoming, the following study assesses the role of cultural heritage in coastal adaptation planning. The integration of cultural heritage in adaptation planning leads to more holistic, place-based and effective adaptive efforts, and contributes to long-term resilience. Civic engagement is one mechanism for identifying, evaluating and promoting cultural heritage in the coastal planning process. This thesis ...


Preservation Through Property Tax: The Impacts Of Philadelphia's 10-Year Property Tax Abatement On Historic Preservation, Joel Naiman Jan 2017

Preservation Through Property Tax: The Impacts Of Philadelphia's 10-Year Property Tax Abatement On Historic Preservation, Joel Naiman

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Philadelphia’s 10-year property tax abatement program has proven effective as a transformative force throughout the city by offering a 10-year abatement on the taxable value of any improvements on a structure or land. Originally implemented in a vastly different real estate market than exists today, the abatement has had profound economic impact, yet has been heavily criticized by some of its varied stakeholders as a drain on municipal finances. Regarding historic preservation, the abatement has existed with a dual nature: while it serves as a key factor in rehabilitation financing on large projects throughout the city, it also incentivizes ...


Preservation Frontiers: Adding Urban Homesteading To The Historic Preservation Toolkit, Jessica L. Neubelt Jan 2017

Preservation Frontiers: Adding Urban Homesteading To The Historic Preservation Toolkit, Jessica L. Neubelt

Theses (Historic Preservation)

In the 1970s, cities across the country began implementing urban homesteading programs, in which they transferred surplus vacant housing units to hopeful homeowners for the low cost of $1 and a two-year commitment to rehabilitating and occupying the unit as a primary residence. The goals of these programs were varied, but typically included neighborhood stabilization, affordable housing, and incentivizing the return of wealthier households back to urban neighborhoods. This thesis argues that, while homesteading programs achieved mixed results in regards to these goals, they did achieve historic preservation outcomes.

In order to support this proposition, this thesis examines the history ...


Conservation Assessment And Experimental Mechanical Pinning Treatment Of Petrified Sequoia Affinis Stumps At Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument, Colorado, Evan Oxland Jan 2017

Conservation Assessment And Experimental Mechanical Pinning Treatment Of Petrified Sequoia Affinis Stumps At Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument, Colorado, Evan Oxland

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This research assesses the structural decay of nine silicified fossil stumps on the Petrified Forest Loop at Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument in central Colorado, and evaluates the use of mechanical pinning as a remedial conservation treatment. Condition assessment was established through an integrated review of archival documents related to the site’s excavation and display history, field examination, and petrographic analysis, among other laboratory characterizations. The story of this fossil forest begins with the violent burial of a Sequoia affinis paleo-forest from a volcanic mudflow (lahar) and subsequent cycles of lacustrine submerging and desiccation which likely caused organic materials ...


Improving The Flexural Strength Of Bowed Marble Panels Through Mechanical Treatment, Danielle Pape Jan 2017

Improving The Flexural Strength Of Bowed Marble Panels Through Mechanical Treatment, Danielle Pape

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This research examined the conservation options for thin marble cladding as used in Post War architecture in the United States. The phenomenon of bowed marble panels was studied as early as the 1910s, and literature on the topic became more prolific in the 1990s following early catastrophic failures of entire Post War building façades less than 20 years after construction due to little knowledge of material properties. The current hypothesis is that thin marble panels deform due to the disaggregation of calcite grains from environmental hysteresis. Prominent case studies include the Amoco Building in Chicago and Finlandia Hall in Helsinki ...


A Performance Evaluation And Assessment Of Mineral Silicate Coatings For The Restoration Of The Exterior Concrete At Jackson Lake Lodge, Araba Prah Jan 2017

A Performance Evaluation And Assessment Of Mineral Silicate Coatings For The Restoration Of The Exterior Concrete At Jackson Lake Lodge, Araba Prah

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis focuses on the evaluation of the durability of potassium silicate coating on concrete surfaces, in particular the exterior concrete walls at Jackson Lake Lodge located in Grand Teton National Park, Wyoming. The main building on the site, the Central Lodge, is a large 61 year old structure that is in need of a new architectural coating to prolong its service. This structure, once dubbed the ugliest building in America, is now cherished and appreciated for its significance in ushering in a new era of Modernist-style buildings constructed within National Parks. Because the pH of the concrete walls has ...


Iran’S Earthen Architectural Heritage As Reflected In The Terra Congress Proceedings And Iran Journal, Shaghayegh Torkzaban Jan 2017

Iran’S Earthen Architectural Heritage As Reflected In The Terra Congress Proceedings And Iran Journal, Shaghayegh Torkzaban

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Iran is an important place for architectural and archaeological studies, especially for its wealth of earthen architecture. International scholarly studies in Iran began in the late nineteen and early twentieth centuries. However much of this research was not published until the end of the 1950s. In the 1960s, many scholarly conferences and publications on the conservation of earthen architecture began. Two major events occurred regarding Iran’s architectural heritage. The first was the founding of an international academic journal, Iran Journal, in 1963 by the British Institute of Persian Studies. The other was the formation of the first international congress ...


The City Of Sisterly Love: A Preservation Assessment And Urban Landscape Re-Interpretation Of Philadelphia’S Sites Of Women’S History, Mikayla E. Raymond Jan 2017

The City Of Sisterly Love: A Preservation Assessment And Urban Landscape Re-Interpretation Of Philadelphia’S Sites Of Women’S History, Mikayla E. Raymond

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Women’s history has long been omitted by a narrow understanding of history, which has been limited, often at the hands of preservationists, to a white, patriarchal point of view. Due to a conceptual misunderstanding of women’s place in history as niche or subversive, the preservation of places associated with women has not been adequately prioritized. Philadelphia, a city rich with historical resources and preservation-minded agents, offers a productive testing ground for ideas of re-interpretation. By assessing how well national efforts, including the National Historic Landmark theme study on women’s history; state efforts, including the Pennsylvania Historical Marker ...