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Articles 1 - 11 of 11

Full-Text Articles in Architecture

From Form To Process: Re-Conceptualizing Lynch In Light Of Complexity Theory, Sharon Wohl Nov 2017

From Form To Process: Re-Conceptualizing Lynch In Light Of Complexity Theory, Sharon Wohl

Architecture Publications

New Urbanism’s disposition towards urban design emphasizes creating places that, in part, derive structure and meaning from ‘imageable’ components. These components resonate with the formal categories articulated by Kevin Lynch. That is to say, New Urbanist projects emphasize defined streets (edges) neighborhood coherence (districts) civic buildings (landmarks) connective public open spaces (nodes) and gridiron street networks (paths). Lynch, however, deemed that such urban features arose from dynamic processes, whereas New Urbanists pre-designate formal features without full consideration of their functional dynamics. In order to better situate this notion of ‘functional dynamics’, this paper argues that urban settings can be ...


Livability And Coexistence Between The Sexes: An Architectural Question, Andrea S. Wheeler Nov 2017

Livability And Coexistence Between The Sexes: An Architectural Question, Andrea S. Wheeler

Architecture Publications

If we feel our lived environment, if we feel the reality of our existence in relation to our environment, can we also feel nature’s destruction? Understanding of our own nature in relation to nature, has been described as an aesthetic discourse, or eco-aesthetics (ökologische Naturästhetik) by Gernot Böhme, a philosopher more currently popular among architects for his theory of architectural atmosphere. According to Böhme, nature must be recognized as our partner and we should gradually adapt to such a partner relationship. Nature is not something we have left behind in our becoming civilized; nature is us and is not ...


Tactical Urbanism As A Means Of Testing Relational Processes In Space: A Complex Systems Perspective, Sharon Wohl Aug 2017

Tactical Urbanism As A Means Of Testing Relational Processes In Space: A Complex Systems Perspective, Sharon Wohl

Architecture Publications

Too often, master planning strategies have failed to produce spaces responding to the social, cultural, and economic needs of their inhabitants. Accordingly, many planners have turned to relational strategies to redefine their practices. These tend toward methodologies that explore relational forces preceding design interventions rather than unfolding by means of design interventions. This article considers an alternative mode of understanding relational processes: one that considers tactical urban strategies theorized through the lens of complexity theory. This article argues that tactical approaches harness relational junctures in situ, effectively exploring relational configurations of cohesive urban environments. A design competition entry provides an ...


What Was So Socialist About The Socialist City? Second World Urbanity In Europe, Kimberly E. Zarecor Jun 2017

What Was So Socialist About The Socialist City? Second World Urbanity In Europe, Kimberly E. Zarecor

Architecture Publications

Socialist cities have most often been studied as manifestations of the socialist system itself, linked to the political fate of the Communist Parties in power during their design, construction, and expansion. This article revisits the socialist city and argues for the validity of the concept historically and in the present. Looking qualitatively at this distinct paradigm in Europe, two analytical frameworks are offered, infrastructural thinking and the socialist scaffold. The analysis shows that the universal aspiration for socialist cities was their continuous operation as synchronized instruments of economic production and social transformation in physical space. Distinct from capitalist cities, they ...


A Future Invested In Sustainability: Sustainable Architecture And Education In The Midwest Through The Ethical Philosophy Of Luce Irigaray, Andrea Wheeler Mar 2017

A Future Invested In Sustainability: Sustainable Architecture And Education In The Midwest Through The Ethical Philosophy Of Luce Irigaray, Andrea Wheeler

Architecture Publications

Theories of sustainable architecture that address sexual difference are rare in an architectural context, whether in the United States or Europe, and this paper proposes a critical perspective on architectural design using sustainable schools as an example and adopting the question of sexual difference. Informed by the words of young people, the philosophy of Luce Irigaray, and research carried out as part of a research project, “Iowa’s New Schools: A Future Invested in Sustainability,” this paper examines contemporary approaches to sustainable school architecture. It addresses questions of lifestyle and behavior and architects’ aims to produce energy-efficient and sustainable architecture ...


Satisfied: Feminism And The Affective Turn In Architecture, Andrea Wheeler Mar 2017

Satisfied: Feminism And The Affective Turn In Architecture, Andrea Wheeler

Architecture Publications

My name is Andrea Gibson—it’s my married name. I am an Assistant Professor at a large University in the Midwest where I teach Sustainable Architecture and am a design studio instructor. My presentation today, is entitled: ‘About architecture and affect, and experiencing feminism in architecture now’. Or perhaps it could be called, ‘Satisfied?’ And you may quickly see that I am not. To outline this talk, and due warning, I will be discussing feminism, philosophies of affect and architecture.


The Turkish Tea Garden: Exploring A "Third Space" With Cultural Resonances, Sharon Wohl Feb 2017

The Turkish Tea Garden: Exploring A "Third Space" With Cultural Resonances, Sharon Wohl

Architecture Publications

This article examines the history, use, and significance of the Turkish Tea Garden or Cay Bahcesi, positing that these gardens offer unique democratic spaces for public discourse set within the polis. The article unpacks the historical, cultural, and symbolic features of these gardens, and the role these shared spaces play in Turkey’s multivalent civic environment. It employs Ray Oldenburg’s notion of “third space” to consider how these gardens provide inclusive settings for a culturally diverse citizenry. Furthermore, the article considers how these spaces act as repositories of shared memory, mediating conflict that appears in other societal spheres. The ...


Transforming Pervasive Into Collaborative: Engaging Youth As Leaders With Gis Through A Framework That Integrates Technologies, Storytelling, And Action, Alenka Poplin, Linda Shenk, Ulrike Passe Jan 2017

Transforming Pervasive Into Collaborative: Engaging Youth As Leaders With Gis Through A Framework That Integrates Technologies, Storytelling, And Action, Alenka Poplin, Linda Shenk, Ulrike Passe

Architecture Publications

This paper presents the methods and preliminary results gained in geographic information systems (GIS)-based participatory activities designed to engage youth in urban planning. We describe our engagement framework that integrates such pervasive IT tools as GIS, online serious games, agent-based modeling, and mobile participatory GIS into engagement strategies that tap into what we see as the storytelling capabilities of these tools. We show how these methods help citizens, in our case youth, assume leadership roles and take positive, tangible actions in their communities. This paper summarizes the elements of our framework and the initial results of a program called ...


Post Occupancy Evaluation Of Sustainable Schools And Children's Ways Of Knowing: New Directions In Teaching And Research, Andrea S. Wheeler Jan 2017

Post Occupancy Evaluation Of Sustainable Schools And Children's Ways Of Knowing: New Directions In Teaching And Research, Andrea S. Wheeler

Architecture Publications

Architecture is now more than ever dominated by scientific method. This paper examines what is really at stake when designing sustainable architecture. It is a methodological study and focused on science as understood in Post Occupancy Evaluation (POE) of sustainable buildings, specifically school buildings. Questions raised in this paper include the very real problem of designing for children’s comfort and education in school architecture, but also much wider issues than simply those of the design of children’s environments.


Waiting For The Site To Show Up. Henry Luce Makes Frank Lloyd Wright America’S Greatest Architect, Daniel Naegele Jan 2017

Waiting For The Site To Show Up. Henry Luce Makes Frank Lloyd Wright America’S Greatest Architect, Daniel Naegele

Architecture Publications

Henry Luce, owner of “Life”, “Time”, “Fortune” and “Architectural Forum”, recognized Frank Lloyd Wright’s immense charisma and talent and featured both the architect and his work in all four of his renowned popular press journals in January 1938 – though clearly he did so for his own ends. Luce believed fervently in America. In 1937, the German architects Mies van der Rohe and Walter Gropius migrated to the USA to assume leadership of two of its nest schools of architecture. Luce countered this promotion of European architecture by featuring Wright in his four journals. Despite Wright’s immense unpopularity at ...


Book Review Of Píchová, Hana: The Case Of The Missing Statue: A Historical And Literary Study Of The Stalin Monument In Prague, Kimberly E. Zarecor Jan 2017

Book Review Of Píchová, Hana: The Case Of The Missing Statue: A Historical And Literary Study Of The Stalin Monument In Prague, Kimberly E. Zarecor

Architecture Publications

In this intriguing and at times frustrating study, Hana Píchová makes a compelling case for the Stalin Monument in Prague as both an object and an idea in physical space and cultural consciousness. The book came about with Píchová’s unexpected acquisition of a cache of unpublished photographs of the 1955 monument as it was slowly being demolished in 1962. Taken secretly by Josef Klimeš, the last surviving sculptor to have worked on the project, he hid them for decades since photography had been banned during the year-long demolition process. He gave them to Píchová after an interview in 2012 ...