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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Bad Design To Kitsch: Examples From Eastern Point Of View, Çınar Narter, Ajhan Bajmaku Oct 2017

Bad Design To Kitsch: Examples From Eastern Point Of View, Çınar Narter, Ajhan Bajmaku

UBT International Conference

The design case is applied to make a difference in living and to facilitate people's life, from product scale, architectural design to urban scale. A design practice should be able to respond to the user's cognitive and behavioral needs. Today, design solutions that can not respond to these needs are confronted as bad design.

Today, when the habits of consumer society and the low expectations of users are combined, it is inevitable to encounter kitsch phenomenon in design solutions. Kitsch is a term used to refer to banal, rugged, and boring design solutions made with sharps and commercial ...


Monuments, Protection And Rehabilitation Zones Of Vienna. Genesis And Status In Legislation And Administration, Caroline Jaeger-Klein Oct 2017

Monuments, Protection And Rehabilitation Zones Of Vienna. Genesis And Status In Legislation And Administration, Caroline Jaeger-Klein

UBT International Conference

Austria has a very long tradition in monument protection. Already in 1853, the central commission to research and preserve the built historic monuments started to operate. The current law on monument protection is from the year 1923. Hence, the most successful steps to secure the country’s built cultural heritage date back to a new provincial legislation, administration and finance system implemented in the early 70ies of the 19th century based on so-called Old-City Preservation Acts. By this sensitive approach, Austria safeguarded the most important historic city centers of Austria like Salzburg, Graz and Vienna vividly in their traditional characteristics ...


Revitalization Of The Kokalari Estate Within The Historic Context Of Gjirokastra, Severin Karl Valentin Queck Oct 2017

Revitalization Of The Kokalari Estate Within The Historic Context Of Gjirokastra, Severin Karl Valentin Queck

UBT International Conference

In the historic center of the UNESCO World Heritage site of Gjirokastra lie the remains of one of the town’s most notable family-residences. Built in 1883, the edifice owns an extraordinary composition for the late Ottoman period. Today the ruin is a memorial site dedicated to Musine Kokalari, who spent her youth in Gjirokastra. She was declared a “National Heroine” years after her death in 1983 for her defiant stand against the totalitarian regime. This paper exposes the factors, which endanger the monument and explicates the necessary operations for a successful revitalization following the ideas of Arjeta Kokalari, curator ...


Urban Renewal: Retransformation Instead Of Demolition, Skender Kosumi Oct 2017

Urban Renewal: Retransformation Instead Of Demolition, Skender Kosumi

UBT International Conference

Now days, technology is everywhere, in our homes and working areas, we even carry a lot of electronic technology with us. It is one of the most used notions and a part of life. Ourhouses also have a lot of electronic technology, it relieves our lives. Technology can also make our space more comfortable, saves our time in many ways. However, technology can not physically enlarge or replace our spaces. Flexibility is an essential component of our lives, increases our space and allows the most possibilities through the changes of our lives. It remains a part of our lives and ...


Residential Building Stock Transformation In Years And Strategies For The Future - Albanian Case, Jujian Veleshnja, Miranda Rashani Oct 2017

Residential Building Stock Transformation In Years And Strategies For The Future - Albanian Case, Jujian Veleshnja, Miranda Rashani

UBT International Conference

This research aims to present a clear picture of existing situation of the residential building stock, their adaptation and transformation during years, which can serve as bases for the needed strategy of future retrofitting. It will be evidenced the importance of tools and procedures for environmental regeneration and architectural retrofitting of residential buildings blocks, in the frame of energy efficiency. The research aims, although, to provide building researchers and practitioners with a better understanding of how to effectively conduct a building retrofit to promote energy conservation and sustainability.

The methodology used for this research will be based on a phenomenological ...


Application Of Complex Adaptive Leadership Approach In Multinational Construction Company In Albania, Blerta Vula Rizvanolli Oct 2017

Application Of Complex Adaptive Leadership Approach In Multinational Construction Company In Albania, Blerta Vula Rizvanolli

UBT International Conference

The vivid non-linear business environment of nowadays, enhances companies to embrace the complexity leadership approach, in order to remain competitive in a globalized industry. Maintaining their adaptive system is found to be the main challenge. This paper aims to analyze the up-to-date literature based on Complex Adaptive Leadership approach, focusing on Chaos Theory and Complexity Science. In addition a real-life case of a German company investing in real-estate sector in Albania is introduced. The highly dynamic environment of construction project depends on the information flow and interaction between project stakeholders, which is proved to impose high unpredictability, continuous disequilibrium and ...


Revitalization Of New Dinamo Factory Through The Urban Agriculture, Françeska Delia, Ariana Neprvishta Oct 2017

Revitalization Of New Dinamo Factory Through The Urban Agriculture, Françeska Delia, Ariana Neprvishta

UBT International Conference

The country's industrialization recognized its peak during the '60s and' 70s. Industrial constructions served as catalysts for the construction of several new housing blocks in Tirana. Around these industrial areas were built dedicated dwellings mainly for the workers' families. After the total abandonment of these structures, the industry was no longer the main revenue generator in the country, so Albanians turned to private activities.

For seven to eight years, we have turned attention to these factors from these areas and abandoned structures. The first is the private factor, which has begun to reuse some of the areas in these ...


Integrating Resilience, Green Building And Bim In Architecture Theory And Practice, Ferhat Bejtullahu Oct 2017

Integrating Resilience, Green Building And Bim In Architecture Theory And Practice, Ferhat Bejtullahu

UBT International Conference

The paper contents qualitative research that covers scope of Resilience, Green Building and BIM (Building Information Modeling) concepts implementation. Objective of paper is to facilitate the discussion on question how these concepts can be integrated to apply in architecture theory and practice by making science-based building decisions that will improve the overall performance of construction projects. Research is done in global and regional context focused in Republic of Kosovo.

The specific objective of this paper is to facilitate socially innovative actions and initiatives as a primary source for integration of resilience, green building and BIM technology in the daily life ...


Exploration Of Housing Evolution In Tirana During The Years 1929-1943, Oketa Hoxha, Florian Nepravishta, Ani Tola(Panariti) Oct 2017

Exploration Of Housing Evolution In Tirana During The Years 1929-1943, Oketa Hoxha, Florian Nepravishta, Ani Tola(Panariti)

UBT International Conference

This paper traces the evolution of housing typologies, focusing in Tirana, Albania. The study reviews the fundamentals of housing throughout the two historical periods, 1929-1932 and 1939-1943. The housing projects analysed are designed mostly by Austrian and Italian architects. The methodological approach is based on reviewing a number of case studies starting from one-family house to multi-family housing typology. The main purpose of this paper is to identify the process of transformation and development of housing based on the typologies, functionality, and occupancy. Also, particular elements of asthetics are analyzed and compared. This study highlights that the improvement of living ...


Reuse And Regeneration Of Industrial Zones, Rineta Jashari, Zana Prelvukaj, Faton Spahiu Oct 2017

Reuse And Regeneration Of Industrial Zones, Rineta Jashari, Zana Prelvukaj, Faton Spahiu

UBT International Conference

The research in this paper deals with the industrial heritage, analysis of industrial buildings built during XX century in Europe and in Kosovo, where as the case study is taken the city of Pristina and industrial revitalized buildings as good examples in Europe.

Industrial heritage is part of the cultural heritage that deals with the buildings and artifacts of the industry that are inherited from the past, and preserved for future generations, as a symbol and urban identity.

In Western European countries, the phenomenon of resurrection and industrial heritage is constantly growing and developing, in Southeast Europe is still a ...


Underground Houses - Systematic Approach Toward Underground Construction Of Living Space, Lulzim Beqiri, Zejnulla Rexhepi, Mimoza Sylejmani, Besian Sinani, Hamide Ibrahimi, Imer Haziri, Fatmir Faiku, Arben Mehmeti, Arben Haziri Oct 2017

Underground Houses - Systematic Approach Toward Underground Construction Of Living Space, Lulzim Beqiri, Zejnulla Rexhepi, Mimoza Sylejmani, Besian Sinani, Hamide Ibrahimi, Imer Haziri, Fatmir Faiku, Arben Mehmeti, Arben Haziri

UBT International Conference

The urgent need for energy consumption reduction and trends of global warming leads toward exploring possibilities to “hide” living space from explosion to climate changes as a result of global warming. This paper aims to present benefits of underground houses, underground living space. Housing is elementary process of mankind life that was performed from the existence of life in different forms, shapes, levels and social developments. House, as one used to get protected by phenomena of the nature, historically used in different shapes, levels and materials, created mentality that one percept as protective, and isolated space, for life activities. This ...


Educational Buildings In Albania: Typologies Based On Morphological Developmen, Ledita Mezini, Ani Tola Oct 2017

Educational Buildings In Albania: Typologies Based On Morphological Developmen, Ledita Mezini, Ani Tola

UBT International Conference

There are about 3400 school buildings in Albania and constantly new schools are being renovated and built. It is widely known that the educational sector and the built environment contributes to the achievements of learning and teaching, and causes many effects in the learning process. The importance of the educational infrastructures, is the main purpose of this study, which tries to categorize the typologies, morphology, and space distribution of schools, designed in the years 1945-1990. This period corresponds to the largest number of school’s constructions of ‘type models’ in Albania. The study is focused on the analysis of 150 ...


The Development Of The Concept Of “Public Space” In Tirana, Eduina Zekaj Oct 2017

The Development Of The Concept Of “Public Space” In Tirana, Eduina Zekaj

UBT International Conference

The term “public space”, also known as urban space is a pretty old phrase, but was used as e concept with a clear definition during the modern era. The evolution of this term is well known in Tirana because of its constant development especially in the recent projects.

The first attempts started in 1914, but there was not a real concept of the public space, which was definitely affected by the citizens’ lifestyle. The public spaces in Tirana have changed a lot since then by recreating the concept of “public use”. There are many examples of squares, streets and parks ...


New Urban Agenda - How Far -By Thespatial Planning Legislation In Kosovo And Albania, Elvida Pallaska Oct 2017

New Urban Agenda - How Far -By Thespatial Planning Legislation In Kosovo And Albania, Elvida Pallaska

UBT International Conference

Sustainable Urban Development in Kosovo and Albania is the subject to this research paper. Analyzes of spatial planning legislation of two countries, toward approaching New Urban Agenda, its strategic objectives, priorities, modalities of urban management is of importance.

Kosovo and Albanian cities are facing rapid urbanization due to several reasons, migration, economic development challenges, that initially are regulated by spatial development legislation, whereas global trend are saying for the facts that one third of the global population will live in cities by 2050 (UN, 2014), in Albania over two third of population will live in cities after 2035 (UN, World ...


Renewal Of A Housing District From The Sixties In Budapest, János Gyergyák, Erzsébet Szeréna Zoltán, Bence Gál, Anett Gál-Mózes Oct 2017

Renewal Of A Housing District From The Sixties In Budapest, János Gyergyák, Erzsébet Szeréna Zoltán, Bence Gál, Anett Gál-Mózes

UBT International Conference

At the time of its construction the housing estate József Attila (1956-1963) in Budapest was a sample project (installation, interior spaces, new structures and materials) which has been obsoleted in the last 50 years. After winning the architectural and urban competition using open-minded architectural thinking that can make the housing estate a new role model again - increasing existing values and give new ones, the paper presents the principles of design which could be standard for neighborhoods of similar history.


Characteristics Of Urban/Architectural Developments In Tirana And Prishtina, During The Last Decade, Binak Beqaj, Armand Vokshi Oct 2017

Characteristics Of Urban/Architectural Developments In Tirana And Prishtina, During The Last Decade, Binak Beqaj, Armand Vokshi

UBT International Conference

Rapid urbanization as a process of societal transformation and intensive architectural developments in urban areas in Tirana and Prishtina, as capital cities of Countries in transition in sense of achievements for community living there and their urban qualitative life. Considering the planning process and role of different partners towards urban prosperity, the urban developments during the last ten years in both capital cities, based on research done and presented in this paper, using comparison methodology on some contextual bases:

  • Policy context
  • Physical space context
  • Site landscape context

With analyses aiming to explain which are effects of three-dimensional mentioned above “contexts ...