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2015

University of Pennsylvania

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Articles 1 - 30 of 31

Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Philly, Delhi And Beyond: What Is A Social Science Studio?, Kushanava Choudhury May 2015

Philly, Delhi And Beyond: What Is A Social Science Studio?, Kushanava Choudhury

Reports (Social Science Studio)

In Spring 2014, six students and one professor took part in a course offered by Urban Studies at U Penn, titled "Social Science Studio: Immigrants Make the City". By focusing on the Italian Market neighborhood, in South Philadelphia, students explored how immigration transforms urban spaces in large American cities. They researched how immigrants are remaking the city economically, politically, socially, and culturally. We approached the field with multiple sets of disciplinary tools to describe what exists on the ground, in order to accommodate multiple ways of seeing.

The "Social Science Studio" concept is simple: Use the design studio format to ...


Historical Layering And Historic Preservation In Relation To Urban Planning And Protecting Local Identity: City Study Of Nanjing, Mengjia Wang Jan 2015

Historical Layering And Historic Preservation In Relation To Urban Planning And Protecting Local Identity: City Study Of Nanjing, Mengjia Wang

Theses (Historic Preservation)

After 1980s, the People’s Republic of China modernized rapidly, resulting in vast changes to the fabric of cities. At the same time, China developed more sophisticated urban planning practices and historic preservation regulation. In 1982, the government officially created the concept of “predominant historic and cultural city,” for cities that are considered to have very significant historic and cultural values. Cities with such distinctive and important identity should be protected as a whole, not only through preservation movements but through systematic urban planning processes. However, historic preservation and urban planning sometimes are often considered to be antithetical, and accommodating ...


Filling In The Blanks: Documenting Concealed Fabric And Deterioration In Existing Structures, John Evans Jan 2015

Filling In The Blanks: Documenting Concealed Fabric And Deterioration In Existing Structures, John Evans

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The need to develop a highly accurate set of “as-found” condition documents presents a significant challenge in the practice of architecture for any project involving an existing building. For the majority of new buildings, an adequate construction documentation package can be developed simply by applying industry standards along with carefully engineered and well-detailed methods and materials. In contrast, projects involving intervention in existing buildings require an in-depth understanding of the existing building, its methods of construction, and any deterioration that exists. This requirement is particularly critical in the practice of preservation architecture, when renovation, adaptive re-use, and/or restoration projects ...


The Riddell Of Modern Architecture: Defining The Profession In The Mid-Nineteenth Century, Eryn Boyce Jan 2015

The Riddell Of Modern Architecture: Defining The Profession In The Mid-Nineteenth Century, Eryn Boyce

Theses (Historic Preservation)

When Philadelphia architect John Riddell published his pattern book Architectural Designs for Model Country Residences in 1861, American society was in the midst of a decades-long transformation. Industrialization caused rapid growth in America’s urban centers, raised the living standard and purchasing power of a large portion of the nation’s population, and encouraged the creation of separate pockets for business and industry in the urban environment. Against this background, builders, carpenters, and other professionals involved in the construction industry witnessed a push towards professionalization as those calling themselves “architects” sought to define their design work as a distinct profession ...


The Efficacy Of A Borate And Penetrating Oil Preservative Combination For The Conservation Of Exterior Wood, Shuyi Yin Jan 2015

The Efficacy Of A Borate And Penetrating Oil Preservative Combination For The Conservation Of Exterior Wood, Shuyi Yin

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This study evaluates aqueous diffusible borates in combination with a penetrating oil and a nano-size iron oxide and zinc oxide based wood preservative system for cypress (Taxodium distichum) and western redcedar (Thuja plicata). The objectives are as follows,

1) To test the efficacy and performance of the coating to retain the borates through accelerated weathering test (QUV) on exterior wood; 2) To gauge the durability of the preservative combination and how nano metallic particles (iron oxide and zinc oxide) impact weathering behavior; 3) To characterize modes of failure via substrate morphology change (SEM), pigment loss and color change (spectrophotometer); 4 ...


A Digital Revitalization: Immigration And The Italian Market, Sean Lynch Jan 2015

A Digital Revitalization: Immigration And The Italian Market, Sean Lynch

Reports (Social Science Studio)

Existing theories of public spaces are outdated because they largely ignore the advent of digital socialization. The revitalization of public spaces such as parks, sidewalks in the new urbanist mold is premised on ideas of public space from the 1950s, before suburban sprawl. However, technology, such as smart phones and social media, have fundamentally changed the way in which all groups now interface with space. This is especially true of immigrants, who exist in multiple spaces, at home and in the new city, at once and maintain these myriad linkages through digital space.

This project presents a critique of proposed ...


The Environmental Benefits Of Trees On An Urban University Campus, Corinne G. Bassett Jan 2015

The Environmental Benefits Of Trees On An Urban University Campus, Corinne G. Bassett

Master of Environmental Studies Capstone Projects

The University of Pennsylvania is situated on a rapidly growing and highly urbanized campus that, as of the summer of 2015, contained over 6,000 trees. Trees play an important ecological role within the urban environment, as well as support improved public health and provide aesthetic benefits to cities (Nowak et al. 2008; McPherson et al., 2003). This capstone project used the United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service’s software, i-Tree Eco, to quantify the ecosystem benefits that the University of Pennsylvania urban forest conveys to its community. Field research teams collected data on location and tree canopy size ...


Immigrants And Revitalization: Understanding The Regional Context, Emily Grablutz Jan 2015

Immigrants And Revitalization: Understanding The Regional Context, Emily Grablutz

Reports (Social Science Studio)

No abstract provided.


Immigrant Communities Of Philadelphia: Spatial Patterns And Revitalization, Jake Riley Jan 2015

Immigrant Communities Of Philadelphia: Spatial Patterns And Revitalization, Jake Riley

Maps (Social Science Studio)

No abstract provided.


George Nakashima's Arts Building And Cloister: A Program For Conservation, César Bargues Ballester Jan 2015

George Nakashima's Arts Building And Cloister: A Program For Conservation, César Bargues Ballester

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This is the first thesis generated under the Memorandum of Understanding between the University of Pennsylvania and the Nakashima Foundation for Peace and George Nakashima Woodworker, S.A. entered into on the 1st of July 2014, which allow to study and document the Nakashima complex located at 1847 Aquetong Road, New Hope, Pennsylvania. The Nakashima complex comprises twenty-one buildings including family residences with furniture making facilities and storage spaces. Particularly, this thesis contributes to provide an informed understanding of the George Nakashima's Arts Building and Cloister (1964-1967) through an examination of its contextual history, design and construction, changes over ...


Bridging The Gap: Bringing Preservation To The People, Jennifer Robinson Jan 2015

Bridging The Gap: Bringing Preservation To The People, Jennifer Robinson

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis examines the intersection of preservation practices and social equity. It looks at how organizations communicate about preservation and how those methods may help or hinder the advancement of social equity. The focus is on practices of Philadelphia-based non-profit preservation groups, community development corporations and city agencies. To set the stage for the study of these organizations, this thesis looks at how social equity is one of the least-discussed aspects of sustainability, and how little attention is given to the importance of equitable preservation for communities. The author also reviews history of the sustainability movement, roots of inequity and ...


An Investigation Of The Painted Finishes Of Mission San José De Tumacácori’S Façade: At The Interface Of Materials Analysis, Conservation, And Cultural Confluence, Jocelyn Chan Jan 2015

An Investigation Of The Painted Finishes Of Mission San José De Tumacácori’S Façade: At The Interface Of Materials Analysis, Conservation, And Cultural Confluence, Jocelyn Chan

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Located near Tucson, Arizona, the Mission San José de Tumacácori is a Spanish-Colonial mission and the primary landmark of significance within the Tumacácori National Historical Park. Begun around 1800 and acquired by the National Park Service as a half-completed ruin in 1916, successive campaigns of repair have stabilized but also obscured much of the original surfaces of its once brilliantly painted church façade.

There are comparatively very few mission structures that have not been repainted or replastered. Initial conservation methodologies at Tumacácori were experimental and would eventually give rise to the use of traditional building materials and methods. However in ...


Performance Assessment And Evaluation Of Hydrophobic And Ultraviolet Protective Treatments For Historic Log Structures, Courtney Magill Jan 2015

Performance Assessment And Evaluation Of Hydrophobic And Ultraviolet Protective Treatments For Historic Log Structures, Courtney Magill

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis focuses on the evaluation of the durability of traditional and modern sustainable hydrophobic and ultraviolet (UV) resistant treatments for historic log structures such as those found at the Bar BC Dude Ranch in Grand Teton National Park, WY. These treatments are evaluated on a variety of criteria including performance in accelerated weathering, ecological sustainability, and impact on aesthetic and heritage character. Like many log structures in the American West, Grand Teton National Park’s historic structures are exposed to a large amount of UV radiation. In addition to problems delineated from contact with water, the physical fabric of ...


The Jewel Of Brewerytown: Past, Present, And Future At The Poth Brewery, Mary Feitz Jan 2015

The Jewel Of Brewerytown: Past, Present, And Future At The Poth Brewery, Mary Feitz

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The former F.A. Poth Brewing Company at 31st and Jefferson Streets in Brewerytown is one of the last remaining 19th century brewery structures in Philadelphia and a beautiful example of the Rundbogenstil-style industrial architecture designed by architect Otto C. Wolf. This thesis draws upon primary sources, including insurance surveys, maps, promotional pamphlets, and advertisements to map the evolution of the brewery in from its very beginnings to its heyday and subsequent decline, with an emphasis on the ways in which the spatial layout of the site functioned as part of the industrial brewing process. It then examines existing literature ...


Looking Back To See Forward: The Use Of Historic Repair Records To Inform Preventive Conservation Planning, Meredith Leep Jan 2015

Looking Back To See Forward: The Use Of Historic Repair Records To Inform Preventive Conservation Planning, Meredith Leep

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis examines how historic records of repairs can inform service life estimations and preventive conservation planning for historic structures. After a discussion of service life and preventive conservation, this thesis extracted and analyzed historic mentions of repairs in the record books of the Concord School House in Germantown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, which span from 1775 to 1987. Repairs to the building’s masonry, carpentry, windows, finishes, and roof assemblies were chosen for investigation. Data collected included the length of time between repairs and the recorded prices of repairs. The prices of repairs were converted into 2013 dollars and used as ...


An Investigation Of Chinese Historical Grey Bricks Of Soochow, Jiangsu And The Effect Of Tung Oil Treatment, Wenwen Xia Jan 2015

An Investigation Of Chinese Historical Grey Bricks Of Soochow, Jiangsu And The Effect Of Tung Oil Treatment, Wenwen Xia

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The grey brick is one of the key materials to Chinese traditional architecture. While brick-making in Europe and North America is well documented in sufficient literature, the kiln, firing and properties of the Chinese grey brick is to be explored more in detail. The process gives the bricks a different character and color. Bunches of Chinese literature and informal records show the outstanding character of Chinese grey bricks. And it is why historical grey bricks were commonly used in architectural buildings, city walls, mausoleum. This thesis is aimed to verify the good properties of Chinese grey brick through experiments, and ...


Radical Preservation: The Transformation Of A Vacant Philadelphia School To Address Contextual Urban Opportunities, Nathaniel Hammitt Jan 2015

Radical Preservation: The Transformation Of A Vacant Philadelphia School To Address Contextual Urban Opportunities, Nathaniel Hammitt

Theses (Historic Preservation)

History and structure are traditionally seen as barriers: blockades between zones of occupation. But in fact both melt and dissolve even as they are formed. Structure and history are not blockades, rather thresholds-- themselves fully occupiable.

This thesis is the transformation of a Philadelphia district school-- but it is also a subversion of traditional adaptation. Investigating beyond existing means of preservation, the upgrade and recasting of Edward Bok AVTS projects a catalytic process and product: the synthesis of volumetric, organizational, and material recursions toward an architecture that challenges modes of design and community psychology within a historic framework.

Urban schools ...


Cataloging Built Heritage: Methods Of Recording Unit Masonry For The Future Of Historic Preservation, Lauren Shaughnessy Jan 2015

Cataloging Built Heritage: Methods Of Recording Unit Masonry For The Future Of Historic Preservation, Lauren Shaughnessy

Theses (Historic Preservation)

There is a discrepancy between standardized and infield practices for documenting historic structures—from the surveyor’s intention of interpretation to how the project team chooses to adapt alongside a constantly evolving technology-dependent environment. A successful restoration project relies on comprehensive documentation and active communication among the entire project team including conservator, architect, engineer, contractor, (AEC), and client. If there is instability in creating a common language and method of disseminating information across these parties, the project suffers.

The published literature on documentation techniques does not fully represent the work of practitioners on projects, specifically for unit masonry restoration. Recording ...


Throwing Open The Door: Preserving Philadelphia's Gay Bathhouses, Grey Pierce Jan 2015

Throwing Open The Door: Preserving Philadelphia's Gay Bathhouses, Grey Pierce

Theses (Historic Preservation)

In 2014 the National Park Service called for increased preservation of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender places in the United States, thereby legitimizing LGBT history on a national level. This thesis is an extension of that appeal and undertakes a study of the preservation of gay bathhouses in an urban landscape. More specifically, it investigates the geographic and architectural significance of gay bathhouses between the early twentieth century and present day. Using the City of Philadelphia as a case study, the thesis explains the cultural and political trends that created the geography and history of the Philadelphia bathhouses. Utilizing quantitative ...


Pressing Forward: A Technical Study Of The Mancos Times-Tribune Building With Recommendations For Conservation, Samuel Loos Jan 2015

Pressing Forward: A Technical Study Of The Mancos Times-Tribune Building With Recommendations For Conservation, Samuel Loos

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The Mancos Times-Tribune Building is located at 135 West Grand Avenue in downtown Mancos, a small town of about 1300 in the Four Corners Regions of southwest Colorado. Built in 1911, it has served as the offices for the local newspaper, The Mancos-Times Tribune Building until the early 2000s. The building is unique for only serving a single function and owner throughout its over 100 year history. It is also in a remarkable state of preservation, making it an excellent case for studying the development of late 19th and early 20th century construction technologies. Through, the study of period literature ...


Safeguarding Agricultural Heritage: The Case Of Colombia´S Coffee Cultural Landscape, Catherine Winter Jan 2015

Safeguarding Agricultural Heritage: The Case Of Colombia´S Coffee Cultural Landscape, Catherine Winter

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The Coffee Cultural Landscape of Colombia exemplifies the historical, cultural, economic, ecological, and symbolic heritage values of an agricultural landscape. Its inscription as a World Heritage Site elucidates the complexity of safeguarding traditional agro-ecological systems of production threatened by changes in land use, urbanization, farming techniques, and environmental change. Coffee has been the quintessential crop sustaining rural livelihood in Colombia and a main driver behind the country´s development. It is a national symbol, and an internationally recognized high-value commodity. The Coffee Cultural Landscape has the ideal environmental conditions and knowledge to continue producing some of the best coffee in ...


To Build On The Past: A Foundational Database Of The Vermont Marble Company Archives, Kaitlin Pluskota Jan 2015

To Build On The Past: A Foundational Database Of The Vermont Marble Company Archives, Kaitlin Pluskota

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis took advantage of the rare opportunity to look into the business records of the Vermont Marble Company. A study period of 1924-1927, and about 1,000 contracts from the company were first recorded in a digital database and then examined. As a preliminary study of this material, this thesis suggests future uses of the Vermont Marble Company archive and recounts the information gathered from this venture. Architectural trends related to the Beaux-Arts, City Beautiful, and Art-Deco movements were observed, as were trends related to specific marble types and building project locations.


Urban Development In Practice And Theory: A Baltimore Neighborhood Revitalization Model And A Unesco Framework, Amanda Mazie Jan 2015

Urban Development In Practice And Theory: A Baltimore Neighborhood Revitalization Model And A Unesco Framework, Amanda Mazie

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis compares a nonprofit planning real estate development model and a preservationist framework recently created by UNESCO to explore to what extent can these two models of urban development be combined to create the most positive impact on quality of life at the neighborhood scale? The first, The Reinvestment Fund, Development Partners, a nonprofit operating in Baltimore, MD utilizes the Federal Historic Tax Credit to retain the character of the neighborhood and create a more stable economic landscape. The second, the Historic Urban Landscape approach, is a UNESCO recommended framework to integrate historic fabric into urban areas undergoing modern ...


Modern In The Mountains: An Analysis Of The Structural And Decorative Concrete At Jackson Lake Lodge In Grand Teton National Park, Wy, Julianne Wiesner-Chianese Jan 2015

Modern In The Mountains: An Analysis Of The Structural And Decorative Concrete At Jackson Lake Lodge In Grand Teton National Park, Wy, Julianne Wiesner-Chianese

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This research examines the use of concrete as an expressive structural material in the last work of Gilbert Stanley Underwood at Jackson Lake Lodge, which was completed in 1955, and identifies a strategy for its conservation and overall preservation. As the primary building material at Jackson Lake Lodge, concrete was used not only structurally but also treated decoratively as the exposed surface finish. A discussion of the concrete and its finish includes: structural concrete practices as described in trade journals, building standards, and similar publications contemporary with Jackson Lake Lodge (post-WWII); historic finish treatments for concrete in comparison with “Shadowood ...


Stigmatized Space: Negative Heritage In Historic Preservation, Sarah Moses Jan 2015

Stigmatized Space: Negative Heritage In Historic Preservation, Sarah Moses

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis acknowledges negative heritage as an essential but understudied thread in preservation discourse. It traces the naissance of the term “negative heritage” and its antecedent terminologies in order to situate recent scholarship on the subject within a larger philosophical moment. By tracing the origin of scholarship on the subject, this thesis develops a paradigm of the sorts of events that have been essential to development of negative heritage as a material and theoretical concept and that have had impact on a diverse enough audience to merit continued interdisciplinary study.

Before outlining when negative heritage developed as a concept, for ...


The Last 100 Kilometers: A Values Based Analysis Of What The Camino De Santiago Can Teach About How The Built Environment Can Preserve The Human Experience, Sarah Blitzer Jan 2015

The Last 100 Kilometers: A Values Based Analysis Of What The Camino De Santiago Can Teach About How The Built Environment Can Preserve The Human Experience, Sarah Blitzer

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The Camino de Santiago is a medieval pilgrimage route that dates back to the 11th century. Today, pilgrims from all over the world undertake the journey to Santiago de Compostela to share in the experience. To earn a compostela the minimum distance that a pilgrim must walk, established by the Church, is 100-kilometers. It is also the boundary of Galicia. The result is that the long-distance pilgrim is forced to contend with the short-distance pilgrim, the pilgrim that walks the minimum. The mixing of these two populations produces friction, caused by each group’s different valuations of the Camino as ...


Hypnerotomachia Joins The Perkins Library: Collecting To Support Persuasion In Architectural Design And History, William B. Keller Jan 2015

Hypnerotomachia Joins The Perkins Library: Collecting To Support Persuasion In Architectural Design And History, William B. Keller

Scholarship at Penn Libraries

The acquisition of the Hypnerotomachia by the University of Pennsylvania Libraries aligned with collection development objectives established in the 1950s by Architecture Dean G. Holmes Perkins. In order to support the university’s training in contemporary design for architecture and urban planning, Perkins built a collection of textual and graphic resources reflecting architectural theory and practice from the Renaissance through the twentieth century. Perkins was a modernist but expected students to acquire expertise in the whole of architectural history. The Perkins Library is made available in dedicated space within the Anne and Jerome Fisher Fine Arts Library, University of Pennsylvania.


An Urban-Conscious Rapid Wind Downscaling Model For Early Design Stages, Jihun Kim Jan 2015

An Urban-Conscious Rapid Wind Downscaling Model For Early Design Stages, Jihun Kim

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Assessments of urban contexts using existing microclimate models mostly fall short, when considering topographies along with complex layouts of buildings and streets, regardless of their significant influences on building performances and outdoor environments. The challenge exists mainly due to modelâ??s inherent complexities and the associated high computational costs. This becomes especially challenging at early design stages when time, expertise, and computational resources are limited, even though the opportunities for performance enhancement are greater than at later stages.

This dissertation develops a wind downscaling model that can rapidly assess urban contexts to relate climate data in a large spatial resolution ...


Making Meaning Of Urban Greening In The Anthropocene, Theodore Stephen Eisenman Jan 2015

Making Meaning Of Urban Greening In The Anthropocene, Theodore Stephen Eisenman

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Municipalities worldwide are showing substantial interest in urban greening, defined here as the introduction or conservation of flora in cities. Encompassing innovative policies, designs, and initiatives that are vegetating the urban landscape, this bloom of activity may be unlike anything since street trees and large parks transformed the fabric of cities in the 19th century. Yet, there has been little scholarship on the historical and contemporary contours of these practices, which are emerging amidst two important phenomena: global urbanization; and increasing awareness of human-induced alteration of the biosphere, described here as the Anthropocene Awakening. This dissertation strives to make meaning ...


Evaluating The Performance Of The Greenbelt Policy For Present And Future Urban Growth Management And Environmental Protection: A Case Study In The Seoul Metropolitan Area Of South Korea, Albert Tonghoon Han Jan 2015

Evaluating The Performance Of The Greenbelt Policy For Present And Future Urban Growth Management And Environmental Protection: A Case Study In The Seoul Metropolitan Area Of South Korea, Albert Tonghoon Han

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation evaluates the effects of relaxing the growth management tool known as the greenbelt policy in the Seoul Metropolitan Area (SMA) of South Korea. The policy effect is measured by employing a series of spatial and statistical analyses on four urban sprawl measurement criteria: 1) physical containment, 2) housing affordability, 3) community service provision costs, and 4) commuting costs. Based on the analyses, I concluded that as a result of the greenbelt relaxation, the SMA has lost substantial amounts of farmland, forestland, pastureland, and wetlands to development between 1990 and 2010. Despite the considerable land consumption, not much land ...