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2015

Medicine and Health Sciences

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Articles 1 - 30 of 47

Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Caution: Line-Of-Sight In Icu Designs, Diane C. Bartos Dec 2015

Caution: Line-Of-Sight In Icu Designs, Diane C. Bartos

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

It has been estimated that by the end of 2015, the U.S. will spend approximately $200 billion in new healthcare facilities construction. Infection prevention, patient and family satisfaction, and technologies influence contemporary designs of critical care units. All of these impacts have created larger patient care units, with a majority of single patient rooms. These larger spaces have created challenges for the clinicians to maintain the line-of-sight. The line-of-sight is one tool clinicians often use to maintain patient safety.

Since the seminal publication by the Institute of Medicine in 1999, patient safety concerns have escalated after revealing numerous deaths ...


Place Experience Of Nursing Home Courtyards: A Holistic Approach To Understanding Institutional Outdoor Environments, Chia Jung Shih Dec 2015

Place Experience Of Nursing Home Courtyards: A Holistic Approach To Understanding Institutional Outdoor Environments, Chia Jung Shih

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation research investigates place experience of three nursing home courtyards. Based on systemic place theories, each nursing home courtyard is conceptualized as place or a system consisting of three major subsystems: physical settings, people and rules of place uses. Place experience as the center of conceptualization is the result of interactions between them. Place experience is thus characterized by objective, subjective and consensual qualities of people-environment relationships. The research design follows the premises of pragmatic case study methodology; a mixed research method is employed that includes archival research of floor plans, photo documentation, a physical setting checklist and instrumented ...


School Design To Promote Physical Activity, Jeri Brittin Aug 2015

School Design To Promote Physical Activity, Jeri Brittin

Theses & Dissertations

Increasing children’s physical activity (PA) at school is a national focus to address childhood obesity. Research has demonstrated associations between school built environments and students’ PA, but has lacked a comprehensive synthesis of evidence. Chapter 1 presents new evidence-, theory-, and practice-informed school design guidelines, including evidence substantiality ratings, to promote PA in school communities. These guidelines delineate strategies for school designers, planners, and educators to create K-12 school environments conducive to PA. They also engage public health scientists in needed transdisciplinary perspectives.

There have been few longitudinal studies to verify causal relationships between the school built environment and ...


Nest Building In Captive Gorilla Gorilla Gorilla, Kristen E. Lukas, Tara S. Stoinski, Kyle Burks, Rebecca Snyder, Sarah Bexell, Terry L. Maple Jul 2015

Nest Building In Captive Gorilla Gorilla Gorilla, Kristen E. Lukas, Tara S. Stoinski, Kyle Burks, Rebecca Snyder, Sarah Bexell, Terry L. Maple

Sarah M. Bexell, Ph.D.

Although various aspects of gorilla nest building have been described in wild populations, nest-building behavior of captive gorillas has not been subject to much scientific review. We observed nest building in 17 gorillas during three periods: summer baseline, winter baseline, and winter treatment, in which the amount of available nesting material was doubled. We conducted observations exclusively in the indoor holding area in the hour following evening departure of animal care staff. During baseline, gorillas engaged in nest-building on 3.1% of scans and were on a constructed nest on 27.9% of scans. Overall, gorillas spent significantly more time ...


Mala Lā’Au Lapa’Au: Preserving The Hawaiian ‘Āina And Mo’Omehue, Sandra Fogg Jun 2015

Mala Lā’Au Lapa’Au: Preserving The Hawaiian ‘Āina And Mo’Omehue, Sandra Fogg

Senior Honors Projects

The study of medicinal plants in the western world tends to focus on the isolation and elucidation of natural products that have bioactive characteristics and potential for pharmaceutical formulation. However, the utilization of medicinal plants in cultures that still practice ancient medicine, such as Hawai’i and other Pacific Island nations, involves the use of whole plant parts in conjunction with spiritual rituals to heal illnesses and ailments. In order to gather a different perspective of the use of plants in medicine, a diverse investigation of “Lā’au Lapa’au,” or the Hawaiian art of healing through the use of ...


Barriers To Implementation Of A Health, Hygiene, & Sanitation Program: Chennai, India, Kelsey A. Steffen Jun 2015

Barriers To Implementation Of A Health, Hygiene, & Sanitation Program: Chennai, India, Kelsey A. Steffen

Master's Theses and Project Reports

In India poor sanitation accounts for 1,600 daily deaths of children under the age of five (Dasra, 2012). The societal and environmental conditions in India and many other developing countries have continuously stood as barriers to facilitating changes in sanitation behavior. Efforts made to improve hygiene have continuously faced opposing forces including major gaps between the supply and demand of sanitation. This paper will focus on one pilot program conducted in Chennai, India over the summer of 2014. This program was designed to teach school children safe sanitation and hygienic habits by providing a guiding tool to teachers. The ...


Crisis 2030: Aging At Risk, Guadalupe Aguilera Corona May 2015

Crisis 2030: Aging At Risk, Guadalupe Aguilera Corona

Theses and Dissertations

This thesis analyzes critical issues affecting the older adult population of the United States in the year 2030 and recommends policies needed to remedy them. In the first chapter, the thesis addresses the upcoming aging crisis of the baby boomer population, both in numbers and affordability. The second chapter further describes and analyzes the major problems affecting the baby boomer population. The third chapter examines how technology can provide a universal and friendly design for older adult users. Chapters four through seven illustrate four distinctive case studies of Baby Boomers living in the

year 2030. The case studies provide resolutions ...


Visceral Space: Dissection And Michelangelo's Architecture, Chloe Costello May 2015

Visceral Space: Dissection And Michelangelo's Architecture, Chloe Costello

Architecture Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis focuses on the architectural work of Renaissance master Michelangelo Buonarroti, who, perhaps, is better known for his painting and sculpture than for his architecture. Nevertheless, his buildings are revered by architectural historians, such as James Ackerman, for their mimicry of bodily motion and emotion. Under the influence of Renaissance humanism, it was not uncommon for architects to validate their designs by reference to the human body, for example, basing the dimensions of a basilica on ideal bodily proportions. But, Michelangelo's approach in his earliest architectural designs, such as the Medici Chapel (1521-1524) and the Laurentian Library (1523-1525 ...


2015 Pacific Undergraduate Research And Creativity Conference (Purcc) Full Program, Pacific Undergraduate Research And Creativity Conference (Purcc) Apr 2015

2015 Pacific Undergraduate Research And Creativity Conference (Purcc) Full Program, Pacific Undergraduate Research And Creativity Conference (Purcc)

Pacific Undergraduate Research and Creativity Conference (PURCC)

No abstract provided.


2015 - The Twentieth Annual Symposium Of Student Scholars Apr 2015

2015 - The Twentieth Annual Symposium Of Student Scholars

Symposium of Student Scholars Program Books

The full program book from the Twentieth Annual Symposium of Student Scholars, held on April 16, 2015. Includes abstracts from the presentations and posters.


Red Bird Water Kiosk Pavilion _ Clean Water Clean Life, Garrett Keyes Nelli Apr 2015

Red Bird Water Kiosk Pavilion _ Clean Water Clean Life, Garrett Keyes Nelli

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

Architecture has the power to strengthen community bonds, support a healthy life style and enrich individual lives. The Red Bird Water Kiosk seeks to achieve all three of these on the site of the Red Bird Mission campus, located deep in the Appalachian Mountains of Clay County, Kentucky. This is an area where most live below the poverty line, and about 64 percent of water sources are contaminated. As a result, lack of clean water has forced many locals to turn to unhealthy living standards. Because of these conditions, the county ranks as one of the poorest in the nation ...


Scholar Week, James Upchurch Apr 2015

Scholar Week, James Upchurch

Scholar Week Archives (2011-2015)

ONU's Scholar Week #5.


Improving Active Transportation Data In Hias With Automated Counters: Lessons From Ca, William W. Riggs Apr 2015

Improving Active Transportation Data In Hias With Automated Counters: Lessons From Ca, William W. Riggs

William W. Riggs

Quantifying the active transportation by biking and walking through counts is an important part of developing policy and intervention to mitigate risk and encourage active lifestyles. Numerous studies have evaluated the different methods of counting bicycles and pedestrians, but very little work has evaluated actual cases of how they fit into active transportation programs and health impact assessments (HIAs). The purpose of this study was to study validates the results of those studies looking at the reliability of results gathered as a part of two California projects and how they fit into existing planning and health assessment programs. Automated counters ...


Research For Life 2015, Michael Bloom Jan 2015

Research For Life 2015, Michael Bloom

Research for Life

Table of contents

Geographer puts violence in it place

Bridging cultures with Big Data

Putting flesh on to bones

150 years young

Healthy housing

Egypt: A scholar's personal journey

Chaucer's pilgrims penetrate the human psyche

From invention to inventory: A researcher goes to market

3D: the better to see you with

Burn this letter, Delete this tweet

Are E-cigarettes cool?

Cool tools

Sharing the research


Implementing Solar Energy In Desalination Plants In Libya, James Macfarlane, Nelson Ndahiro, Katie Nugau, Rekik Tafesse Jan 2015

Implementing Solar Energy In Desalination Plants In Libya, James Macfarlane, Nelson Ndahiro, Katie Nugau, Rekik Tafesse

Great Problems Seminar Posters (All Posters, All Years)

Poster Presentation, People's Choice Winner (2015)


Replacing Blackboard: Finding A New Learning Management System For Wpi, Eva Barinelli, Brian King, Daniel Wivagg Jan 2015

Replacing Blackboard: Finding A New Learning Management System For Wpi, Eva Barinelli, Brian King, Daniel Wivagg

Great Problems Seminar Posters (All Posters, All Years)

Poster Presentation, Judge's Winner (2015)


A Renewable Energy Program For Bishop Kodji, Nigeria, Arial Goldner, Travis Roth, Gunnar Tornberg, Alexandra Wheeler, Jackson Whitehouse Jan 2015

A Renewable Energy Program For Bishop Kodji, Nigeria, Arial Goldner, Travis Roth, Gunnar Tornberg, Alexandra Wheeler, Jackson Whitehouse

Great Problems Seminar Posters (All Posters, All Years)

Poster Presentation, Judge's Winner (2015)


Educating The Youth In Recycling, Sara Cardona, Erin Devin, Carla Romo, Jeremy Spiegel Jan 2015

Educating The Youth In Recycling, Sara Cardona, Erin Devin, Carla Romo, Jeremy Spiegel

Great Problems Seminar Posters (All Posters, All Years)

No abstract provided.


Modular Rooftop Green Technologies, Theresa Bender, Peter Carosa, Tyler Kornacki, Zachary Rellstab, Zachary Zolotarevsky Jan 2015

Modular Rooftop Green Technologies, Theresa Bender, Peter Carosa, Tyler Kornacki, Zachary Rellstab, Zachary Zolotarevsky

Great Problems Seminar Posters (All Posters, All Years)

No abstract provided.


Permeable Paving, Luke Gardner, Corey O'Malley, Kendra O'Malley, Connor O'Neill Jan 2015

Permeable Paving, Luke Gardner, Corey O'Malley, Kendra O'Malley, Connor O'Neill

Great Problems Seminar Posters (All Posters, All Years)

No abstract provided.


Yes We Trash Can, Alex Czurchra, Alisa Da Silba, Claire Dickenson-Burke, Ngan Huynh, Sarah Sanchez Jan 2015

Yes We Trash Can, Alex Czurchra, Alisa Da Silba, Claire Dickenson-Burke, Ngan Huynh, Sarah Sanchez

Great Problems Seminar Posters (All Posters, All Years)

The city of Worcester is undergoing a substantial problem with illegal dumping. This issue affects the whole community because it is detrimental to the environment, negatively impacts health, and is a financial burden to the city. These effects are caused by the expensive Pay-As-You-Throw (PAYT) garbage removal program and a lack of information/resources available to the public.


Downsizing The Dump, Laura Auerbach, Jane Lockery, Victoria Lusk, Karina Naras, Karen Noble Jan 2015

Downsizing The Dump, Laura Auerbach, Jane Lockery, Victoria Lusk, Karina Naras, Karen Noble

Great Problems Seminar Posters (All Posters, All Years)

Thirty-four million tons of food are thrown away in the United States every year. Wasted food that could be feeding the millions of hungry people worldwide is instead harming the environment.


From Trash To Cash: Helping Paraguayan Waste Pickers Turn Glass From The Streets To Money In Their Pockets, Tess Hudak, Muhammad Hussian, Angela Macleod, Daniel Ottey, Rasheeda Samih Jan 2015

From Trash To Cash: Helping Paraguayan Waste Pickers Turn Glass From The Streets To Money In Their Pockets, Tess Hudak, Muhammad Hussian, Angela Macleod, Daniel Ottey, Rasheeda Samih

Great Problems Seminar Posters (All Posters, All Years)

Poster Presentation, Judge's Winner (2015)


Modern Vector Control: Genetically Modifying Anopheles Gambiae, Will Bass, Michelle Kerns, Alex Kim, Aylin Padir Jan 2015

Modern Vector Control: Genetically Modifying Anopheles Gambiae, Will Bass, Michelle Kerns, Alex Kim, Aylin Padir

Great Problems Seminar Posters (All Posters, All Years)

Poster Presentation, Judge's Winner (2015)


Taking The Higher Ground: Growing Cleaner On Boston's Rooftop Farm, Ginger Adams, Melissa Galgano, Kylie Juarez, Mercedes Mcdermott Jan 2015

Taking The Higher Ground: Growing Cleaner On Boston's Rooftop Farm, Ginger Adams, Melissa Galgano, Kylie Juarez, Mercedes Mcdermott

Great Problems Seminar Posters (All Posters, All Years)

Poster Presentation, Judge's Winner (2015)


Rain Gardens In Worcester, Patrick Meehan, Ty Moquin, Zachary Weiland, Qindong Zhang Jan 2015

Rain Gardens In Worcester, Patrick Meehan, Ty Moquin, Zachary Weiland, Qindong Zhang

Great Problems Seminar Posters (All Posters, All Years)

Poster Presentation, Judge's Winner (2015)


Rooftop Rainwater Collection System On Foisie Innovation Studio, Nolan Bell, Dylan Felty, Chenggu Wang, Katherine Williamson Jan 2015

Rooftop Rainwater Collection System On Foisie Innovation Studio, Nolan Bell, Dylan Felty, Chenggu Wang, Katherine Williamson

Great Problems Seminar Posters (All Posters, All Years)

Poster Presentation, Judge's Winner (2015)


Art And Order: Promoting Public Interaction With Art, Luke Brown, Laurel Hingham, Kelly O'Shea Jan 2015

Art And Order: Promoting Public Interaction With Art, Luke Brown, Laurel Hingham, Kelly O'Shea

Great Problems Seminar Posters (All Posters, All Years)

No abstract provided.


Greenhouses For The Homeless, Eric Schroeder, Abdah St Fleur, Yanxi Xie Jan 2015

Greenhouses For The Homeless, Eric Schroeder, Abdah St Fleur, Yanxi Xie

Great Problems Seminar Posters (All Posters, All Years)

No abstract provided.


Table For Five, Alyssa Konsko, Alex Kuros, Ben Leveillee, Nathan Pietrowicz, Austin Shrewsbury Jan 2015

Table For Five, Alyssa Konsko, Alex Kuros, Ben Leveillee, Nathan Pietrowicz, Austin Shrewsbury

Great Problems Seminar Posters (All Posters, All Years)

No abstract provided.