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2015

Environmental Design

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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Syllabus: Introduction To Permaculture, Lisa Depiano Jan 2015

Syllabus: Introduction To Permaculture, Lisa Depiano

Sustainability Education Resources

The Permaculture Design Course is a three-credit course that offers students a foundation in permaculture history, ethics, principles, design process, and practical applications. The framework behind the theory and practice of permaculture is rooted in the observation of natural systems. By observing key ecological relationships, we can mimic and apply these beneficial relationships in the design of systems that serve humans while helping to restore the natural world. This course trains students as critical thinkers, observers, and analysts of the world(s) around them, and then goes on to provide students with the tools needed to design for inspired and ...


Neighborhood Housing Damage And Restoration In Galveston, Texas Following Hurricane Ike, Chandler Wilkins, Walter G. Peacock, Sara Hamideh Jan 2015

Neighborhood Housing Damage And Restoration In Galveston, Texas Following Hurricane Ike, Chandler Wilkins, Walter G. Peacock, Sara Hamideh

Community and Regional Planning Proceedings, Papers, and Posters

This research focuses on the impactsand restorationof neighborhoods in Galveston, Texas post-Hurricane Ike. Using data on parcel values collected annually from 2008 to 2015 and ACS 5-year estimates for 2005-2009, I examined the relationships between restoration and property damage, race, ethnicity and household income. My research shows that neighborhoods with higher levels of damage, higher percentages of non-Hispanic black people and lower household incomes experienced a slower pace of restoration post-Ike. This is an important contribution to the literature as few studies have been able to examine longer term housing recovery following a disaster.


Review: A Framework For Geodesign: Changing Geography By Design, Monica A. Haddad Jan 2015

Review: A Framework For Geodesign: Changing Geography By Design, Monica A. Haddad

Community and Regional Planning Publications

Geodesign has become a buzzword in the past four years although its main origin goes back to the late 1960s, with the publication of McHarg’s book Design with Nature (1969). Steinitz’ s book A Framework for Geodesign: Changing Geography by Design comes at a prime time since scholars, designers, and geographic information systems (GIS) professionals have been intrigued to understand and explore this “new” trend. Geodesign is such a hot topic these days that ESRI, the leading worldwide company in the GIS industry and publisher of this book, has been organizing annual Geodesign Summit meetings since 2012


Playground: How Ground Surface Materials Influence Children’S Activities In Public Playgrounds, Elizabeth Seaver Jan 2015

Playground: How Ground Surface Materials Influence Children’S Activities In Public Playgrounds, Elizabeth Seaver

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The rise in childhood obesity levels over the last few decades has brought increased attention to public playgrounds as an opportunity to promote healthy physical activity in children. The design of public playgrounds is now viewed as a factor that significantly influences children’s levels of activity that take place in that location. One crucial aspect of playground design is the use of different ground surface materials and how they promote either active or sedentary behavior. This investigation aimed to understand how ground surfaces influence physical activity levels in children and to determine what types of ground materials are the ...


Mod Food: Design Of A Semi-Permanent Modular Food System For Educational Innovation, Margaret Fryke Jan 2015

Mod Food: Design Of A Semi-Permanent Modular Food System For Educational Innovation, Margaret Fryke

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Food is the one consistent variable between cultures and communities that unites people. In the last 80 years, as a result of the shift from locally owned family farms to the industrial scale production of cash crops, consumers have become isolated and alienated from where food comes from and how it is grown (Ferdman, 2014) This lack of understanding is due to an absence of education about food production, raising the question: How can food production be reimagined and presented in a way that is eye catching, promotes a healthy diet, and fosters an excitement about and fundamental understanding of ...


Sustainable Design In The Healthcare Environment, Shannon M. Griffin Jan 2015

Sustainable Design In The Healthcare Environment, Shannon M. Griffin

University Honors Program Theses

From creating an efficient business to helping people heal, there are various and difficult goals in a healthcare project. There are significant issues in healthcare design that can be harmful to the people that inhabit the spaces and to the environment. Through evidence-based research, this paper will outline the latest developments in sustainable design and how they can be implemented to solve the current building-related issues in healthcare facilities. Lastly, the solutions will be put into practice in a Healthcare Design Capstone Project utilizing the elements of sustainable design to achieve the goal of sustaining the health of occupants, the ...


Air Change Rate Vs Airflow Pathway: Bioaerosol Containment And Removal In Patient Rooms, Kevin R. Grosskopf Jan 2015

Air Change Rate Vs Airflow Pathway: Bioaerosol Containment And Removal In Patient Rooms, Kevin R. Grosskopf

Architectural Engineering -- Faculty Publications

Recent studies have shown that higher air change rates may have the unintended consequence of creating turbulent airflows that entrain high concentrations of infectious particles within the breathing zone, and possibly, breakdown pressure relationships necessary to contain the spread of infectious particles to other clinical spaces.


A Review Of Approaches For Sensing, Understanding, And Improving Occupancy-Related Energy-Use Behaviors In Commercial Buildings, Hamed Nabizadeh Rafsanjani, Changbum R. Ahn, Mahmoud Alahmad Jan 2015

A Review Of Approaches For Sensing, Understanding, And Improving Occupancy-Related Energy-Use Behaviors In Commercial Buildings, Hamed Nabizadeh Rafsanjani, Changbum R. Ahn, Mahmoud Alahmad

Architectural Engineering -- Faculty Publications

Buildings currently account for 30–40 percent of total global energy consumption. In particular, commercial buildings are responsible for about 12 percent of global energy use and 21 percent of the United States’ energy use, and the energy demand of this sector continues to grow faster than other sectors. This increasing rate therefore raises a critical concern about improving the energy performance of commercial buildings. Recently, researchers have investigated ways in which understanding and improving occupants’ energy-consuming behaviors could function as a cost-effective approach to decreasing commercial buildings’ energy demands. The objective of this paper is to present a detailed ...


Adaptive Predictive Functional Controller, Fadi Alsaleem, Arvind Rao Jan 2015

Adaptive Predictive Functional Controller, Fadi Alsaleem, Arvind Rao

Architectural Engineering -- Faculty Publications

A controller device and a method for controlling a system that utilizes an adaptive mechanism to self-learn the system char acteristics and incorporates this adaptive self-learning ability to predict a control parameter correctly to provide precise control of a system component.


Incorporation Of Future Building Operating Conditions Into The Modeling Of Building–Microclimate Interaction: A Feasibility Approach, Kelly Kalvelage, Ulrike Passe, Caroline Krejci, Michael C. Dorneich Jan 2015

Incorporation Of Future Building Operating Conditions Into The Modeling Of Building–Microclimate Interaction: A Feasibility Approach, Kelly Kalvelage, Ulrike Passe, Caroline Krejci, Michael C. Dorneich

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

This paper presents a novel modeling methodology that integrates the near building environmental conditions (or microclimate), whole-building design, and occupant behavior. Accurate predictions of the future building operating conditions lead to designs that serve the building’s purpose – to support occupants’ tasks. This study bridges the gap between human factors and architecture to include physical, cognitive, and organizational systems into building information modeling using future typical meteorological year climate data, canyon air temperature microclimate model, and a whole-building energy simulation to investigate the impact of future microclimate conditions on a “typical” single-occupant office. Additionally, to capture the effects of building ...


Analysis For Intervention: The Contribution Of Existing Ecologies To The Design Of Place-Based Urban Landscapes, Erin Hauer Jan 2015

Analysis For Intervention: The Contribution Of Existing Ecologies To The Design Of Place-Based Urban Landscapes, Erin Hauer

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Conventional urban growth tends to happen irrespective of environmental context, causing the degradation of ecologically functional and diverse landscapes. This trend separates people from native ecological processes and the inherent benefits they provide (McHarg 1969). Urban systems become unsustainable by failing to incorporate the economic, cultural and ecological values of natural features, relying instead on outsourced energy and high-maintenance infrastructure. In contrast, concepts of ecologically supportive landscapes inspire the design and growth of cities in alignment with natural features. Recognizing the value that increased green space has for the improvement of urban ecologies, this thesis focuses on the restoration of ...


Use Of Fiber-Reinforced Cements In Masonry Construction And Structural Rehabilitation, Ece Erdogmus Jan 2015

Use Of Fiber-Reinforced Cements In Masonry Construction And Structural Rehabilitation, Ece Erdogmus

Architectural Engineering -- Faculty Publications

The use of fiber reinforcement in traditional concrete mixes has been extensively studied and has been slowly finding its regular use in practice. In contrast, opportunities for the use of fibers in masonry applications and structural rehabilitation projects (masonry and concrete structures) have not been as deeply investigated, where the base matrix may be a weaker cementitious mixture. This paper will summarize the findings of the author’s research over the past 10 years in these particular applications of fiber reinforced cements (FRC). For masonry, considering both mortar and mortar-unit bond characteristics, a 0.5% volume fraction of micro fibers ...


Northside Partnership Healthy Communities Pilot Area Walkability Audit, Lin Zhao, Meadhbh Ní Lochlainn Jan 2015

Northside Partnership Healthy Communities Pilot Area Walkability Audit, Lin Zhao, Meadhbh Ní Lochlainn

Students Learning with Communities: All of these projects were undertaken in collaboration with community partners and supervised by academic staff members

No abstract provided.


Modern In The Mountains: An Analysis Of The Structural And Decorative Concrete At Jackson Lake Lodge In Grand Teton National Park, Wy, Julianne Wiesner-Chianese Jan 2015

Modern In The Mountains: An Analysis Of The Structural And Decorative Concrete At Jackson Lake Lodge In Grand Teton National Park, Wy, Julianne Wiesner-Chianese

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This research examines the use of concrete as an expressive structural material in the last work of Gilbert Stanley Underwood at Jackson Lake Lodge, which was completed in 1955, and identifies a strategy for its conservation and overall preservation. As the primary building material at Jackson Lake Lodge, concrete was used not only structurally but also treated decoratively as the exposed surface finish. A discussion of the concrete and its finish includes: structural concrete practices as described in trade journals, building standards, and similar publications contemporary with Jackson Lake Lodge (post-WWII); historic finish treatments for concrete in comparison with “Shadowood ...


M.Sc. Sustainable Development Group Project On The Environmental Design And Management Of Darndale Park., Daniel Blanchfield, Andrea Culjak, Meadhbh Ní Lochlainn, Orla Gilleece, Lin Zhao, Niall Thomas, John Lucey, Zainab Mansary Jan 2015

M.Sc. Sustainable Development Group Project On The Environmental Design And Management Of Darndale Park., Daniel Blanchfield, Andrea Culjak, Meadhbh Ní Lochlainn, Orla Gilleece, Lin Zhao, Niall Thomas, John Lucey, Zainab Mansary

Students Learning with Communities: All of these projects were undertaken in collaboration with community partners and supervised by academic staff members

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Sustainability As A Positive Attribute On Equine Therapy Design: An Interdisciplinary Study, Andria Sinclair Jan 2015

The Effects Of Sustainability As A Positive Attribute On Equine Therapy Design: An Interdisciplinary Study, Andria Sinclair

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

Interdisciplinary studies have brought benefits to introducing new solutions to the traditional environment and traditional therapies. Sustainability in relation to design has been suggested in 2006, by the Center for Building Performance and Diagnostic (CBPD) at Carnegie Mellon University to incorporate daylight, solar, heat and ventilation of the natural environment combined with the innovations of current technologies (Whitmore, 2011). This paper will look at how sustainability plays a key role of benefits including those that are health associated with equine therapy design and its relationship to the patient, or end user. Interdisciplinary research in the therapeutic value of equine-human bonding ...


More Is The Same, Tyler Reeves Nansen Jan 2015

More Is The Same, Tyler Reeves Nansen

Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers

Nansen, Tyler, M.F.A. Spring 2015

More Is The Same

Chairperson: Associate Professor Trey Hill

More is the Same is the result of my examination of the perception of space in relation to architecture and landscape. By embracing modern concepts of the grid, formalism and design, this compilation of personal experiences and memories, manifests as post-minimal sculptures. However, when considering the hierarchy of importance in my work this involves pure visual perception over any specific narrative. The final product is an exhibition which elicits a perceptual experience for its viewer.

My work is about space and the creation of ...


Innovations For A Campground Water System: A Biomimicry Approach, Courtney Young Jan 2015

Innovations For A Campground Water System: A Biomimicry Approach, Courtney Young

Undergraduate Honors Theses

I have studied the forms of mycorrhizae and xerophytes to gain inspiration for a water system upgrade. This process of emulating natural forms and strategies is called biomimicry. The U.S. Forest Service is in the preliminary stages of an upgrade for an aging water system at the Prospector Campground in the White River National Forest. Forest Service engineers and designers will use my research as they redesign this system.

I looked at over twenty plants to find adaptations that helped manage water efficiently. I chose to study mycorrhizae and xerophytes because of their wide range and prevalence.

Mycorrhiza is ...


Neo-Traditional Town Centers And Residential Travel Behavior: Effect Of Retail Composition, Sung Won Han Jan 2015

Neo-Traditional Town Centers And Residential Travel Behavior: Effect Of Retail Composition, Sung Won Han

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Neo-traditional developments are often comprised of mix-use neighborhoods with a town center that acts as the central commercial district that is easily accessible to the surrounding residents without a car. This paper investigates the reality of walking and biking in two such neo-traditional developments in Colorado. I compared frequency and purpose of non-car trips in two neighborhoods whose local town centers differ in retail composition. The first town center, Belmar, has a higher composition of comparison goods and services such as clothing, apparel, and other comparison goods. The second, East 29th Avenue Town Center, has a higher composition of ...


Negotiating Work And Family: Lifestyle Migration, Potential Selves And The Role Of Second Homes As Potential Spaces, Brian Hoey Dec 2014

Negotiating Work And Family: Lifestyle Migration, Potential Selves And The Role Of Second Homes As Potential Spaces, Brian Hoey

Brian A. Hoey, Ph.D.

This article is based on ethnographic research conducted in the USA with migrants who use an act of relocation as a means of deliberately constructing identity as well as seeking greater ‘balance’ and ‘control’ in their lives. Specifically, it examines how ‘second’ homes can serve as a transitional or ‘potential space’ in the lives of these migrants not only between different geographic places but also what are taken to be distinct identities and ideals associated with these places and the lives lived in them. Such behaviour is not simply about coping and adapting to a new environment; rather, it is ...


Daytime And Nighttime Uhi Statistical Models For Atlanta, Bumseok Chun, Subhrajit Guhathakurta Dec 2014

Daytime And Nighttime Uhi Statistical Models For Atlanta, Bumseok Chun, Subhrajit Guhathakurta

Bumseok Chun

No abstract provided.


Architecture And Systems Ecology: Thermodynamic Principles Of Environmental Building Design, In Three Parts, William Braham Dec 2014

Architecture And Systems Ecology: Thermodynamic Principles Of Environmental Building Design, In Three Parts, William Braham

William W. Braham

Modern buildings are both wasteful machines that can be made more efficient and instruments of the massive, metropolitan system engendered by the power of high-quality fuels. A comprehensive method of environmental design must reconcile the techniques of efficient building design with the radical urban and economic reorganization that we face. Over the coming century, we will be challenged to return to the renewable resource base of the eighteenth-century city with the knowledge, technologies, and expectations of the twenty-first-century metropolis.

This book explores the architectural implications of systems ecology, which extends the principles of thermodynamics from the nineteenth-century focus on more ...


Streetscape Features Related To Pedestrian Activity, Reid Ewing, Amir Hajrasouliha, Kathryn M. Neckerman, Marnie Purciel-Hill, William Greene Dec 2014

Streetscape Features Related To Pedestrian Activity, Reid Ewing, Amir Hajrasouliha, Kathryn M. Neckerman, Marnie Purciel-Hill, William Greene

Amir Hajrasouliha

By measuring twenty streetscape features and numerous other variables for 588 blocks in New York City, we were able to identify variables that explain pedestrian traffic volumes. We found significant positive correlations between three out of twenty streetscape features with pedestrian counts after controlling for density and other built environmental variables. The significant streetscape features are the proportion of windows on the street, the proportion of active street frontage, and the number of pieces of street furniture. This study provides guidance for streetscape projects that aim to create walkable streets and pedestrian-friendly environments.


Creating Healthy Community In The Postindustrial City, Brian A. Hoey Dec 2014

Creating Healthy Community In The Postindustrial City, Brian A. Hoey

Brian A. Hoey, Ph.D.

This chapter explores how community might be reimagined for the benefit of public health as well as to promote incipient social or economic agendas born of progressive citizen action aimed at what is commonly characterized as development or, perhaps, even more broadly as “growth.” Can a city like Huntington, West Virginia, emerge as a positive example of what we might term postindustrial urban regeneration and perhaps even community healing? Can this happen specifically through a grassroots movement now finding local governmental support in a collective attempt to transform this place from one defined primarily by the productive capacity of factories ...


Poe Of Bioclimatic Design Building Towards Promoting Sustainable Living, Hazreena Hussein, Adi Jamaludin Dec 2014

Poe Of Bioclimatic Design Building Towards Promoting Sustainable Living, Hazreena Hussein, Adi Jamaludin

Hazreena Hussein

Post Occupancy Evaluation (POE) by using a set of questionnaire was conducted to assess the perception and comfort level required by residents in a college building with the best practice of bioclimatic design strategies, particularly natural ventilation and daylighting. The questionnaire was based on a five-point Likert scale, covering various performance criteria of building, specifically on the architectural elements, thermal comfort, indoor air quality, visual comfort, acoustic comfort and landscape elements. The initial outcomes showed a positive relationship between perceptions and building performance criteria.