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2015

Cultural Resource Management and Policy Analysis

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Articles 1 - 30 of 43

Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Parity, Hamza Hasan Dec 2015

Parity, Hamza Hasan

Architecture Senior Theses

Digital data contributes to an increasingly alienated aspect of our infrastructure. The complex practices of the Internet produce highly specified, engineered objects. Though their forms are ‘optimized,’ their intentions are not: the two primary considerations for the development of the infrastructure of the Internet are energy and security. Each category presents its own deliberations, but both often produce non-architectural, infrastructural elements beyond public visibility. The hidden infrastructure of data storage and mining (the indexing and analysis of data and traffic) produces spaces outside the agency of normative architectural discourse.

The key consideration for the design of the Internet is redundancy ...


Hacking The Urban Village | Architecture As Board Game, Xuyun Liu Dec 2015

Hacking The Urban Village | Architecture As Board Game, Xuyun Liu

Architecture Senior Theses

This thesis proposes the board game as a new research methodology and platform for the study of southern China's urban villages.

Hacking the Urban Village examines the urban villages that have, in recent decades, become a common but informal settlement type in China as a result of China's unprecedented period of urbanization.

This research forms the contextual core of a board game where game settings present the current urban conditions and players may explore alternative forms of urbanism. The board game offers players the opportunity to investigate both he formal conditions of the urban village life along with ...


Sponge Logics | Rethinking Thresholds Through A Porous Mass, Tanvi Sanghvi Dec 2015

Sponge Logics | Rethinking Thresholds Through A Porous Mass, Tanvi Sanghvi

Architecture Senior Theses

This thesis contends that the separation and distinction between the envelope and the mass in contemporary architecture is to be resisted. Architect and theorist, Greg Lynn, argues that mass “is not only the outward shape of a building; it’s also the projection of shape, plan organization, spatial and sectional type, and façade”1.This critical reevaluation of the mass, and its relationship to the interior spaces and the building’s face, is particularly pertinent to the modern construction in Jaipur, Rajasthan, India. The character of the historicist and postmodern buildings that make up Jaipur is made solely based on ...


Releasing The Unconsciousness | Visualizing The City, Taihui Li Dec 2015

Releasing The Unconsciousness | Visualizing The City, Taihui Li

Architecture Senior Theses

This thesis explores how subway stations lost their identity as strategic node of connectivity which constructed the prevailing image of New York City. In Civilization and Its Discontents (1930), Sigmund Freud famously compared the human mind to the city of Rome. He argues that both contain strata of memory and history which have accumulated over the years through a messy and ad-hoc process. Like Rome, New York City also has a layered history, albeit not as deep.

This thesis contends that the subway entrance serves as an experiential entre into the unconscious experience of the unknown elements of the past ...


Regional Perspective Of Recuay Mortuary Practices: A View From The Hinterlands, Callejón De Huaylas, Peru, Victor Manuel Ponte Dec 2015

Regional Perspective Of Recuay Mortuary Practices: A View From The Hinterlands, Callejón De Huaylas, Peru, Victor Manuel Ponte

Theses and Dissertations

Archaeological investigations of burial chambers in the north-central highlands of Peru constitute the corpus of this thesis. Most of the stone structures correspond chronologically and culturally to the Recuay Tradition, a time span of 100 to 800 CE. The study area is located in the Cordillera Negra of the Callejón de Huaylas basin (Ancash Department). CRM projects developed in the impact zone of the Pierina mine have contributed valuable information on the mortuary practices of a Recuay agro-pastoral community. This thesis relied on grave goods inventories, osteological analysis, and types of stone architecture in the burial chamber. Data from this ...


Umass Amherst Collections 2013, Ludmilla D. Pavlova-Gillham, Elizabeth R. Dumont Oct 2015

Umass Amherst Collections 2013, Ludmilla D. Pavlova-Gillham, Elizabeth R. Dumont

Ludmilla D Pavlova

During the Campus Master Planning effort the need to better understand and plan for the UMass Amherst collections was identified and an ad-hoc committee was created to help advance a better understanding of the existing collections and how best to plan for the future. The committee was comprised of Directors/ curators of campus academic collections, Campus Planning staff and other related campus professionals. The first task of the committee was to develop a basis for creating a planning framework for the academic collections. The Committee defined existing collections and set a framework and common language that enabled the classification and ...


Future Of The Library? Turning Conflicting Pressures Into Compelling Opportunities, Gerald Jay Schafer, Ludmilla Pavlova-Gillham Oct 2015

Future Of The Library? Turning Conflicting Pressures Into Compelling Opportunities, Gerald Jay Schafer, Ludmilla Pavlova-Gillham

Ludmilla D Pavlova

Many institutions are scrutinizing library space as a potential space bank in times of tight capital resources, while librarians are seeking ways to shift lesser-used collections into storage, create more user space, and improve services. Accomplishing these tasks at University of Massachusetts Amherst's Du Bois Library, a 26-story tower, posed a particular challenge. The library's master plan needed to explore compatible uses, partners for integrated services, and identify opportunities to repurpose space for university needs as well as the library's future vision.


University Of Massachusetts Amherst Campus Master Plan 2012, Dennis Swinford, Ludmilla Pavlova-Gillham, Niels Lacour, Simon Raine, Alexander Stepanov Oct 2015

University Of Massachusetts Amherst Campus Master Plan 2012, Dennis Swinford, Ludmilla Pavlova-Gillham, Niels Lacour, Simon Raine, Alexander Stepanov

Ludmilla D Pavlova

This is an institutional master plan outlining capacity development for the University of Massachusetts going forward to 2020 and beyond to 2050. The plan establishes a shared vision for future development that features new open spaces; transportation and pedestrian safety; parking decks built on the edge of campus; new bike-ways; new circulation systems including pathways with striking views of the Pioneer Valley; improvements to utilities; and a strategy for reuse of historic buildings. The administration held more than 90 events in the past year with key stakeholders, including students, faculty, staff, host communities and regional representatives and that was complemented ...


University Of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries Master Plan, Shirley Dugdale, Gerald Schafer, Bryan Harvey, James Cahill, Ludmilla Pavlova-Gillham, Leslie Button, Theresa Warner, Pam Rooney, John Cunningham Oct 2015

University Of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries Master Plan, Shirley Dugdale, Gerald Schafer, Bryan Harvey, James Cahill, Ludmilla Pavlova-Gillham, Leslie Button, Theresa Warner, Pam Rooney, John Cunningham

Ludmilla D Pavlova

Amherst Libraries, which is on the edge of significant change moving into a new era serving scholars, researchers and learners in the 21st Century. Over the last decade the Library has been a leader in many initiatives: increasing development of digital resources; collaborating with the Five Colleges Consortium, which was one of the first in the country to develop a shared book depository; developing a highly successful Learning Commons that engages partners in providing a broad range, of services and settings for learners; providing services through partners welcomed into library facilities, such the peer learning activities of the Learning Resources ...


University Of Massachusetts Amherst 2012-2021 Capital Improvement Projects, Douglas Vigneau, Juanita Holler, John Mathews, Ludmilla Pavlova-Gillham, Ezra Small Oct 2015

University Of Massachusetts Amherst 2012-2021 Capital Improvement Projects, Douglas Vigneau, Juanita Holler, John Mathews, Ludmilla Pavlova-Gillham, Ezra Small

Ludmilla D Pavlova

In 2013 the University of Massachusetts, on behalf of the University of Massachusetts Building Authority and Massachusetts Division of Capital Asset Management and Maintenance (DCAMM), submitted an Expanded Environmental Notification Form for the University's 2012 - 2021 Capital Improvement Plan to the Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs (EOEEA) Massachusetts Environmental Policy Act Office (MEPA). Taken individually, the majority of the Projects, comprising of 13 building/space, 7 site/landscape, and 5 facility/ utility scale improvement projects, do not require MEPA review as most of the Project sites are confined to infill areas on campus that are currently or ...


Planning For Campus Collections 2013, Ludmilla Pavlova-Gillham, Elizabeth Dumont, Dennis Swinford Oct 2015

Planning For Campus Collections 2013, Ludmilla Pavlova-Gillham, Elizabeth Dumont, Dennis Swinford

Ludmilla D Pavlova

During the Campus Master Planning effort the need to better understand and plan for the UMass Amherst collections was identified and an ad-hoc committee was created to help advance a better understanding of the existing collections and how best to plan for the future. The committee was comprised of Directors/ curators of campus academic collections, Campus Planning staff and other related campus professionals. The first task of the committee was to develop a basis for creating a planning framework for the academic collections. The Committee defined existing collections and set a framework and common language that enabled the classification and ...


A Framework For Urban Environmental Planning In Brazil, Monica A. Haddad Oct 2015

A Framework For Urban Environmental Planning In Brazil, Monica A. Haddad

Community and Regional Planning Publications

Brazil faces numerous environmental challenges despite having many laws and policies in place. The implementation process of such laws and policies does not exist a majority of the time, affecting the quality of environmental governance in the country. Within the urban planning context, the City Statute law enacted in 2001 included the environmental dimension of urbanization; however, the wording of this inclusion was vague and broad. For instance, two environmental assessment planning tools of the law are not mandatory at the federal level and are without a defined scope. In this Exploration, a new framework focusing on the environmental dimension ...


Institutions Of Higher Education And Cultural Heritage Tourism: A Case Study Of The Crooked Road, Virginia's Heritage Music Trail, Terence Michael Gilley Oct 2015

Institutions Of Higher Education And Cultural Heritage Tourism: A Case Study Of The Crooked Road, Virginia's Heritage Music Trail, Terence Michael Gilley

Educational Foundations & Leadership Theses & Dissertations

The southwest region of Virginia has an unstable economy, which cycles through periods of growth and decline. The strategic plans for southwest Virginia propose cultural heritage tourism as a sustainable industry for economic development of this rural region. Institutions of higher education provide education and training for a qualified workforce and community service. This qualitative, single case study on The Crooked Road, Virginia’s Heritage Music Trail examines the roles of institutions of higher education with regard to cultural heritage tourism for sustainable community and economic development in rural areas. The data sources for this study are the administrators of ...


Network-Based Development In Chattanooga, Tennessee: Processes And Potentials, Kathryn Ansley Taylor Aug 2015

Network-Based Development In Chattanooga, Tennessee: Processes And Potentials, Kathryn Ansley Taylor

Masters Theses

Chattanooga is a city of networks. The goal of this project is to provide examples of how developers, by tapping into Chattanooga’s most vital networks, can create buildings that speak to the city’s unique character, build interest in the city, and foster a stronger future for Chattanooga.

Chattanooga has four networks that serve as its backbone. They are the Cultural Network, the Blue Green Network, the Fiber Optic Network and the Dwelling Network. These networks are linkages between people and places, bound by common hopes and affinities. They are platforms for social connection, economic growth and physical change ...


Design Intent And Conflicts Of The Ownership: Can A New Vision Rescue Taliesin East?, Benjamin A. Shirtcliff Jun 2015

Design Intent And Conflicts Of The Ownership: Can A New Vision Rescue Taliesin East?, Benjamin A. Shirtcliff

Benjamin A Shirtcliff

THE PROGRESSION OF Frank Lloyd Wright’s Taliesin East from an evolving experiment to a decaying relic provides an example of a discursive space and insight into the concept of ownership. A recently-submitted master plan for Taliesin’s buildings and landscape intends to preserve the architect’s home in the remote bluffs above the Wisconsin River near Spring Green, WI. Its current state refl ects how tensions which underlie the challenge of interpreting design intent can threaten the only thing capable of representing the architect’s work. The presentation will explore this discursive relationship between a cultural landmark and an ...


Managing Dynamics Of Power And Learning In Community Development: A Case Study Of Iowan Farmers In Uganda, Stephen Lauer, Francis Y. Owusu Jun 2015

Managing Dynamics Of Power And Learning In Community Development: A Case Study Of Iowan Farmers In Uganda, Stephen Lauer, Francis Y. Owusu

Community and Regional Planning Publications

Extension professionals facilitate community development through the strategic manipulation of learning and power in peer-to-peer learning partnerships. We discuss the relationship between empowerment and power, highlight relevant literature on the difficulties power presents to learning and the efficacy of service learning tools to facilitate mutual learning and present original findings from our research on an international development partnership in which Extension professionals had partial success in creating opportunities for mutually empowering learning among farmers from Iowa and Uganda. We recommend that Extension professionals encourage learning across power gradients by providing opportunities for informal conversations and encouraging reflection by participants.


Expanding Hope In Payatas, Rhea Cristine S. Bautista May 2015

Expanding Hope In Payatas, Rhea Cristine S. Bautista

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Informal settlements, also known as slums or squatter settlements, are a way of life for millions around the world, especially within urban centers. The challenge is to provide a better quality of life, both physically and socially. This thesis provides a critical look into the conditions, limitations, strengths, and hopes of the community of Payatas in Metro Manila, Philippines, with recommendations of measures to support and strengthen the community, by building upon the community’s positive elements to develop social impact.


An Assessment Of The Impact Of Sand Mining: Unguja, Zanzibar, Caroline Ladlow Apr 2015

An Assessment Of The Impact Of Sand Mining: Unguja, Zanzibar, Caroline Ladlow

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Resource consumption is one of the most crucial environmental problems facing the world today. Therefore nonrenewable resources need to be sustainably used to ensure the survival of both future generations and the resources at stake. The goal of this study was to investigate the impacts of sand mining on the environment, economy, and communities of Zanzibar. The environmental, economic, and social impacts of sand mining activities were studied at various sites on the island of Unguja. The effects on vegetation, coastal erosion, communities, and local economies were researched based on field observations and interviews with local people and officials at ...


El Turismo En Pátzcuaro (México). Percepciones Del Visitante Extranjero Entre 1880‑1920, Eder García Mar 2015

El Turismo En Pátzcuaro (México). Percepciones Del Visitante Extranjero Entre 1880‑1920, Eder García

Eder García

In Mexico, tourism arises as an economic activity around the 1920s, through government agencies and policies for tourism control. Previously, travelers in the country were amazed with what they named as primitive and picturesque, found especially in the rural villages. Patzcuaro was one of the places that best exemplified the picturesque, through an imaginary forged in the mind of the visitor, published in the books where authors reflected their views and experiences. The present paper analyze how this imaginary picturesque of Patzcuaro was showed, becoming a category of Mexican tourism, being even today one of the most attractive offers for ...


Surfing The Youtube: How Social Media Is Changing Landscape Research, Benjamin A. Shirtcliff Mar 2015

Surfing The Youtube: How Social Media Is Changing Landscape Research, Benjamin A. Shirtcliff

Landscape Architecture Conference Proceedings and Papers

Accessing insights from underrepresented populations, such as adolescents, remains a persistent challenge in the research and design process. The paper will investigate the utility of online videos of user-posted materials as an innovative research tool. Unlike traditional in situ approaches to studying human behavior and public space, online videos permit access to multiple sites based upon the population or activity of interest. The approach is similar to studies of behavior using unobtrusive observation—where participation or interviews might interrupt the activity under observation or where access to the setting of the activity would otherwise remain inaccessible to the researcher.


Creativity In Urban Placemaking: Horizontal Networks And Social Equity In Three Cultural Districts, Tom Borrup Jan 2015

Creativity In Urban Placemaking: Horizontal Networks And Social Equity In Three Cultural Districts, Tom Borrup

Dissertations & Theses

Many authors point to expanding disparities related to wealth and social benefits brought by globalization and the creative city movement while culture and creativity emerge as growing forces in urban placemaking and economic development. The phenomenon of cultural district formation in cities around the globe presents challenges and opportunities for leaders, planners, and managers. Emerging theory related to cultural districts suggests culture can serve to build horizontal relationships that bridge people and networks from different sectors and professions as well as across ethnicities, class, and interests. Research for this dissertation examined the formation of three urban cultural districts social and ...


Placeless: Interaction Of Disaster And Human Security, Alec Henderson, Sara Hamideh Jan 2015

Placeless: Interaction Of Disaster And Human Security, Alec Henderson, Sara Hamideh

Community and Regional Planning Proceedings, Papers, and Posters

BACKGROUND: HUMAN SECURITY AND DISPLACEMENT Human Security Issues are universal, interdependent, and peoplecentered • Economic security (freedom from poverty) • Food security (access to basic nutrition) • Health security (minimum protection from diseases) • Environmental security (safety from natural disasters) • Personal security (protection from violence) • Community security (protection of traditional cultures) • Political security (civil and political rights) Displacement after Hurricane Katrina The result of combined human security issues that have been suddenly worsened or revealed by extreme events. Katrina was one of the worst crises the US experienced and resulted in millions of people struggling with a myriad of the above seven human security ...


The San Antonio Wash: Addressing The Gap Between Claremont And Upland, Benjamin C. Hackenberger Jan 2015

The San Antonio Wash: Addressing The Gap Between Claremont And Upland, Benjamin C. Hackenberger

Pomona Senior Theses

Access to water from San Antonio Creek was critical in Claremont’s growth from a small stop on the Santa Fe Railroad to an agricultural powerhouse and an elite college town. While Claremont has sought to distinguish itself from surrounding communities since its founding in 1882, the innovative Pomona Valley Protective Association (PVPA) aligned Claremont with the City of Pomona and its other neighbors in a scheme to conserve the Creek’s resources at the turn of the century. Organized around the discovery of local confined aquifers and the development of a strategy to recharge them with water from the ...


The Dialogue Of Craft And Architecture, Thomas J. Forker Jan 2015

The Dialogue Of Craft And Architecture, Thomas J. Forker

Masters Theses

To master any type of process, it is estimated ten thousand hours is needed to finely tune your craft. Whether it is wood joinery, music, culinary arts or glass-blowing, it is about making something that can be seen, heard, touched and/or used. Society seems to be losing an appreciation for craft as an idea. Especially in the US, materialism has reduced quality and craftsmanship to merely a luxury to those who can afford it. It seems that while mainstream society continues to "progress", the craftsmen see their client's loss of comprehension and appreciation of the true quality in ...


Homeowner Willingness To Adopt Low-Impact Development Practices In The Ipswich River Watershed: Opportunities And Barriers, Johanna R. Stacy Jan 2015

Homeowner Willingness To Adopt Low-Impact Development Practices In The Ipswich River Watershed: Opportunities And Barriers, Johanna R. Stacy

Masters Theses

The Ipswich River watershed has experienced increasing urbanization in recent years. The river, which supplies water to over 300,000 residents (twice the watershed’s population), was considered one of the 10 Most Endangered Rivers in the U.S. in 2003 due to seasonal low-flow and no-flow events. Seasonal outdoor water restrictions have curbed residential demand; however, impervious surfaces and municipal sewer systems direct much of the runoff outside the watershed. Low-impact development (LID) practices, specifically those that infiltrate runoff, have the potential to keep more water in the watershed, and increase baseflows in the river.

This study seeks to ...


Archaeological Investigations At The Christopher Columbus Italian Society Property And Columbus Park: 41bx1968, The Possible First Site Of Mission San Antonio De Valero, Kristi Miller Nichols Jan 2015

Archaeological Investigations At The Christopher Columbus Italian Society Property And Columbus Park: 41bx1968, The Possible First Site Of Mission San Antonio De Valero, Kristi Miller Nichols

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In May of 2013, the Center for Archaeological Research of The University of Texas at San Antonio was contracted by the San Antonio Conservation Society (SACS) to explore the Spanish Colonial archaeological deposits and a feature that were recently identified in a lot owned by the Christopher Columbus Italian Society and next to the San Francesco di Paola Church in north-central San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas. Based on a number of historical descriptions, the deposits were thought to possibly be associated with the first location of Mission San Antonio de Valero that was established in 1718. Thirty-one shovel tests were ...


Archaeological Data Recovery At Fish Creek Slough Site (41dl436), David L. Nickels Jan 2015

Archaeological Data Recovery At Fish Creek Slough Site (41dl436), David L. Nickels

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Fish Creek Slough site (41DL436) is a well stratified, multi-component, open campsite situated on an alluvial terrace on the west bank of Fish Creek in Dallas County, Texas. Discovered in 2005, the site contains an abundance of faunal material, charcoal, and burned clay within multiple, discrete stratified zones. The site was evaluated by the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT ) as eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places. Because the site was within the right-of-way for a planned road and bridge construction project, and as directed by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, TxDOT elected to ...


The Ransom And Sarah Williams Farmstead: Post-Emancipation Transitions Of An African American Family In Central Texas Vol. 2, Douglas K. Boyd, Aaron R. Norment, Terri Myers, Maria Franklin, Nedra Lee, Leslie L. Bush, Brian S. Shaffer Jan 2015

The Ransom And Sarah Williams Farmstead: Post-Emancipation Transitions Of An African American Family In Central Texas Vol. 2, Douglas K. Boyd, Aaron R. Norment, Terri Myers, Maria Franklin, Nedra Lee, Leslie L. Bush, Brian S. Shaffer

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In conjunction with the proposed construction of the southwest segment of State Highway 45 in southern Travis County, the Texas Department of Transportation sponsored archeological testing and data recovery efforts at the Ransom Williams farmstead. Prewitt and Associates, Inc., conducted an interdisciplinary community-based historic archeological study of the farmstead from 2005 through 2011. Extensive archival research reveals that the 45-acre farm was owned and occupied by Ransom Williams and his wife Sarah, both former slaves, from about 1871 to ca. 1905. The Williams family lived in the predominantly white rural community of Bear Creek, but they had connections to the ...


Data Recovery Investigations: Murvaul Creek Site (41pn175), Panola County, Texas, Arlo Mckee, Charles D. Frederick, Timothy K. Perttula, Robert Z. Selden Jr., Leslie L. Bush, Leonard Kemp, Brittney Gregory, Chad Yost, Linda Scott Cummings, Jeffrey R. Ferguson, Michael D. Glascock, Steve Tomka, Leslie Cecil, Caroline Masiello, Xiaodong Gao, Christopher Goodmaster, Virgil Beasley Iii Jan 2015

Data Recovery Investigations: Murvaul Creek Site (41pn175), Panola County, Texas, Arlo Mckee, Charles D. Frederick, Timothy K. Perttula, Robert Z. Selden Jr., Leslie L. Bush, Leonard Kemp, Brittney Gregory, Chad Yost, Linda Scott Cummings, Jeffrey R. Ferguson, Michael D. Glascock, Steve Tomka, Leslie Cecil, Caroline Masiello, Xiaodong Gao, Christopher Goodmaster, Virgil Beasley Iii

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

This report summarizes the archeological findings of the 2011 data recovery investigations at the Murvaul Creek site, 41PN175, in far northeastern Texas in Panola County. The site is located along Farm-to-Market Road (FM) 10 approximately 1 mile north of Gary, Texas (Figure 1). Geo-Marine, Inc. (GMI), performed this work under contract to the Texas Department of Transportation, Environmental Affairs Division (TxDOT ENV) under the Texas Antiquities Permit Number 5879 (Work Authorization [WA] 579 06 SA005; WA 590 08 SA005; CSJ:1222-01-014; Geo-Marine project numbers 22005.00.06 and 22005.00.09). The fieldwork for this project was conducted in advance ...


Archeological Testing Of Txdot Right-Of-Way Through Site 41bl278, Bell County, Texas, J. Michael Quigg, Charles D. Frederick Jan 2015

Archeological Testing Of Txdot Right-Of-Way Through Site 41bl278, Bell County, Texas, J. Michael Quigg, Charles D. Frederick

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In January 2004, Blanton & Associates, Inc., conducted an archeological survey of 8.5 hectares (21.1 acres) for a proposed roadway improvement and bridge replacement project (CSJ: 0396-04-059) along roughly 1,800 meters (m) of the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) right-ofway where State Highway (SH) 317 crosses the Leon River in Bell County, Texas (Ringstaff 2004). That investigation consisted of three shovel tests, ten backhoe trenches, and five hand-excavated columns. Five backhoe trenches and the screened trench columns were excavated in the alluvial terrace on the southern side of the Leon River and encountered a single cultural component buried ...