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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Design Of A Comprehensive Geographic Information System For The Administration Of El Camino Real De Los Tejas National Historic Trail, Jeffrey M. Williams Jul 2010

Design Of A Comprehensive Geographic Information System For The Administration Of El Camino Real De Los Tejas National Historic Trail, Jeffrey M. Williams

Faculty Publications

Stephen F. Austin State University’s Arthur Temple College of Forestry and Agriculture’s (ATCOFA) Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Laboratory were engaged by the National Park Service (NPS) National Trails System-Intermountain Region to provide GIS services supporting the NPS’s development of a Comprehensive Management Plan for El Camino Real de los Tejas National Historic Trail (ELTE). The scope of work was completed under an agreement with the Gulf Coast Cooperative Ecosystem Studies Unit sponsored by the Texas AgriLife Research Program at Texas A&M University. ATCOFA assisted the NPS in the coordination of local landowner and other local stakeholder ...


Socio-Spatial Constructs Of The Local Retail Food Environment: A Case Study Of Holyoke, Massachusetts, Walter F. Ramsey Jan 2010

Socio-Spatial Constructs Of The Local Retail Food Environment: A Case Study Of Holyoke, Massachusetts, Walter F. Ramsey

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

This mixed-methods study addresses the relationship between the availability of food and realized food access by studying the retail food landscape of Holyoke, Massachusetts – a small, socio-economically diverse city. While a large body of empirical research finds that low-income communities and communities of color are especially likely to lack adequate access to healthy foods and experience increased vulnerability to food insecurity, few studies explore urban food environments through a mixed-methods case study approach. Through the use of food store mapping, store audits, and resident interviews, this research is a nascent attempt to articulate how the unique development histories and cultural ...


Landscape Planning Of Fringe City Zones - The Case Studies Of Belgrade And Vrnjačka Spa, Tijana Crnčević Phd, Jelena Živanović Miljković Msc Jan 2010

Landscape Planning Of Fringe City Zones - The Case Studies Of Belgrade And Vrnjačka Spa, Tijana Crnčević Phd, Jelena Živanović Miljković Msc

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The fringe city zones represent spaces which make the connection between city and nature, where urban areas cross into rural, or to the natural areas. The places where in the last decades, because of the rapid development, these zones shows the diverse of the land use and with lot of surfaces subjected to the constant changes (Friedberger, 2000) leading into destruction of the landscape. From the administrative point of view, the fringe zone starts outside the border of the Master plan (MP). The contemporary practice of urban planning confer the need to harmonize the interest of the city and the ...


Greenways And The Urban Form: City Of Ankara, Turkey, Mukerrem Arslan, Emin Baris, Elmas Erdogan, Zuhal Dilaver Jan 2010

Greenways And The Urban Form: City Of Ankara, Turkey, Mukerrem Arslan, Emin Baris, Elmas Erdogan, Zuhal Dilaver

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

A greenway is a linear open space established along either a natural corridor, such as a riverfront, stream valley, or ridgeline, or overland along a railroad right-of-way converted to recreational use, a canal, scenic rood, or other route. It is any natural or landscaped course for pedestrian or bicycle passage. An open-space connector linking parks, nature reserves, cultural features, or historic sites with each other and with populated areas (Little, 1995; Miller et al., 1998; Viles and Rosier, 2001).

A greenway is a connector; a pattern of protected lands linking other protected lands such as natural features or historic sites ...


Sustainable Place Making: Australian Exemplars, Christopher Wren Jan 2010

Sustainable Place Making: Australian Exemplars, Christopher Wren

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper provides the background to the case studies that will be presented at the conference. It is aimed at providing a concise view of what constitutes a sustainable place and the important subtleties in achieving an active, walkable and safe environment that is diverse, humane and attractive to people.


Leisurescape: A Pan-European Spatial Assessment Of Tourism Between Cities, Nature And Landscape, Dirk M. Wascher, Rini Schuiling, Nick Hazendonk, Bart Looise Jan 2010

Leisurescape: A Pan-European Spatial Assessment Of Tourism Between Cities, Nature And Landscape, Dirk M. Wascher, Rini Schuiling, Nick Hazendonk, Bart Looise

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Part of the project initiative Landscape and leisure, launched by the Dutch Government Advisor on the Landscape, is the development of a European map on the basis of a standard methodological approach for presenting the spatial relations between leisure and tourism on the one hand, and landscape and nature conservation other hand. Due to the increasing need of European institutions for harmonized, reliable data on the state and trends of the environment – and meanwhile on the allencompassing policy domain of sustainability which includes the social, economic and environmental dimension – the production of European data sets has become a key policy ...


Working With Communities: U.S National Park Service Community Assistance In Corridor Planning, Charles L. Tracy Jan 2010

Working With Communities: U.S National Park Service Community Assistance In Corridor Planning, Charles L. Tracy

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Shifting Leadership to the Local and Regional Level: Changes in federal land protection priorities and U.S. demographics have prompted a growing realization within the U.S. National Park Service (NPS) and other federal land managing agencies that they need to be more creative in partnering with local communities, including those with underserved populations, to engage them more fully in the protection and stewardship of cultural landscapes, river corridors, and recreational trails and greenways. This increased recognition of the need for partnership, especially in the protection of linear corridors, is underscored by the introduction of “Treasured Landscapes” (DOI, 2010) a ...


Green Structure Planning. A Norwegian Approach, Kine Halvorsen Thorén, Renata Aradi Jan 2010

Green Structure Planning. A Norwegian Approach, Kine Halvorsen Thorén, Renata Aradi

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenway planning has long traditions in Norway (Bruun 1991), and from the late 1980s we have developed the concept further into what we have mentioned as “green structure planning”. Green structure is defined as a multi-functional urban system, where “the green” in the city is attributed to different values and functions inspired by the landscape ecological thinking. Examples of important values and functions of the urban green structure could for example be: 1) Cityscape and aesthetic conditions, 2) Recreation, play and quality of life, 3) Nature and biodiversity, 3) Biological production related to forestry and agriculture, 4 ) Technical matters related ...


Responsive Urbanism: Sustainable Development Strategies For Small Communities With An Inter-Cultural Focus, Christine Scott Thomson, Kim Thornton, Gunther Koppelhuber Jan 2010

Responsive Urbanism: Sustainable Development Strategies For Small Communities With An Inter-Cultural Focus, Christine Scott Thomson, Kim Thornton, Gunther Koppelhuber

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This essay explores the development of a landscape design method referred to as Responsive Urbanism, the intention of which is to reverse the negative effects of globalization currently reordering the physical and social fabric of small communities. Responsive Urbanism utilizes a landscape based framework and systems focus that emphasizes the following series of disciplines (1) ecological networks in the natural world, (2) fabric of the built environment, (3) dynamics between land and transportation, and (4) socially networked decision making. The method also integrates community design events and cross-cultural collaboration, and concludes with multi-scaled design development that makes ecological integrity and ...


Importance Of Gis Databases In Management And Planning Of Public Green Spaces – Case Study Of The Budapest Zoo And Botanical Garden, Katalin Takács, Vince Zsigmond Jan 2010

Importance Of Gis Databases In Management And Planning Of Public Green Spaces – Case Study Of The Budapest Zoo And Botanical Garden, Katalin Takács, Vince Zsigmond

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The development and long term quality maintenance of public green spaces requires various kinds of knowledge. Most of the onsite information (development history, current state of the garden, ground plan, plant stock, etc.) has to be in the mind of the specialist in charge; however, with the growing quantity and complexity of the data there is a limit to traditional personal expertise. Developing and managing GIS databases creates new assets for documentation (data analysis, queries, reporting, etc.) as well as further practical applications based on them: supplying data for constructors, decision makers and visitors; supporting decisions with accurate derived information ...


Green Infrastructure And Ecological Networks: Teaching Landscape Planning In Collaboration With Municipalities In Helsinki Region Two Examples Of Vantaa And Sipoo, Kati Susi-Wolff, Virva Kajamaa, Kaisa Laine, Sirkku Huisko Jan 2010

Green Infrastructure And Ecological Networks: Teaching Landscape Planning In Collaboration With Municipalities In Helsinki Region Two Examples Of Vantaa And Sipoo, Kati Susi-Wolff, Virva Kajamaa, Kaisa Laine, Sirkku Huisko

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The Bologna Declaration, a new European two-cycle degree system was adopted in Finnish universities in 2005 (The Bologna Process...2010). The W5W2 project (2007-2009) supported the implementation of the Bologna process in the Finnish Universities in order to strengthen their the positions in the European Higher Education Area and to strengthen quality assurance in universities and polytechnics (Five Years, Two Degrees…2010). The project has concentrated on cumulative learning. Knowledge should accumulate in the long-term memory during the studies. In landscape planning education the aim has been to pedagogically support this cumulative process.

Since 2005 there has been a co-operation ...


Plan-It: A Method Enabling Regional Stakeholders To Design A Green Climate Corridor: The Groningen Case, Eveliene Steingröver, Sabine Van Rooij Jan 2010

Plan-It: A Method Enabling Regional Stakeholders To Design A Green Climate Corridor: The Groningen Case, Eveliene Steingröver, Sabine Van Rooij

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In this paper we present the implementation of a newly developed method to integrally plan for nature and water measures required to adapt to climate change, together with stakeholders. The identification of required nature adaptation measures is based on metapopulation theories.

The climate is changing and this has a pronounced effect on biodiversity (Van den Hurk, B. et al., 2006; Vos, C. et al., 2008). Researchers expect that a significant part of European biodiversity might be lost in several decades. The shifting climate zones and more frequent extreme weather events, combined with the small and highly fragmented nature areas in ...


University Urban Design Centers In The Planning And Implementation Of Urban Greenways. – Possible Strategies For The Umass Amherst Design Center In Springfield, Ma., Frank Sleegers, Michael Dipasquale Jan 2010

University Urban Design Centers In The Planning And Implementation Of Urban Greenways. – Possible Strategies For The Umass Amherst Design Center In Springfield, Ma., Frank Sleegers, Michael Dipasquale

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

University supported community design centers in the United States provide an institutional alternative for urban design and planning. They are a link between the innovative and educational milieu of the university and professional practice. Design centers provide the infrastructure that allows faculty and students’ research opportunities and projects that intersect with the practice of urban design and planning, with the goal of improving the physical and consequently, the social environment.

This paper assesses the following goals that nascent community design centers should pursue in the planning and design of greenways: 1. focus on developing a collective vision and a tangible ...


Olmsted Park And Parkway System For The 21st Century, Robert G. Shibley, Lynda H. Schneekloth Jan 2010

Olmsted Park And Parkway System For The 21st Century, Robert G. Shibley, Lynda H. Schneekloth

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This story begins with Frederick Law Olmsted’s vision of new urban form -- of green space woven into a city fabric. When the city leaders brought Olmsted to Buffalo, NY in the 1860s to replicate the successful Central Park of NYC, he transcended the Central Park concept that he and Calvin Vaux had designed and implemented. Instead, he envisioned not a place, but a system -- a system of green that would be accessible to citizens throughout the city (Kowsky 1991). The Buffalo Park and Parkway System was Olmsted’s first experiment with bringing together a collection of spaces and uses ...


Rethinking Greenways Design In Context Of Sustainable Development: Towards Landscape Synergism, Archana Sharma Jan 2010

Rethinking Greenways Design In Context Of Sustainable Development: Towards Landscape Synergism, Archana Sharma

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenways design and planning has been largely framed as a multi-functional, multi-objective approach to address socio-cultural and ecological concerns (Fabos,2004; Hough 2004, Steiner, 2002; Fabos, 1995, Ahern, 1995; Ndubisi, 1995; Forman,1995). Social well-being, identity and memory have been predominant socio-cultural concerns while biodiversity preservation and natural resources conservation have been key ecological concerns. These concerns have now been superseded by the more urgent concerns of sustainable development such as availability of energy resources, both food and fuel. Whether and how the design and practice of greenways meets these sustainable development challenges is the primary question raised through this ...


Urban Greenways Planning. A Vision Plan For Milan (Italy), Giulio Senes, Natalia Fumagalli, Alessandro Toccolini Jan 2010

Urban Greenways Planning. A Vision Plan For Milan (Italy), Giulio Senes, Natalia Fumagalli, Alessandro Toccolini

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenways are “green infrastructure” to link people and places (Fabos, 1995) and can be planned at different scales (from national to municipal) and for multiple purposes, “including ecological, recreational, cultural, aesthetic” (Ahern, 1995), “to provide people with access to open spaces close to where they live” (President's Commission on Americans Outdoors, 1987), in order to “enhance both the environment and quality of life” (European Greenways Association, 2000).

At the municipal scale, the urban greenways network can help to reshape the city, making it more livable; urban greenways represent “at once the parks for the 21st century and a part ...


Planning For Change In The Boston Metropolitan Area (Usa): Exploring The Relationship Between Urban Greening And Socio-Economic Processes, Robert L. Ryan, Paige Warren, Susannah Lerman, Kate Taylor, Eric Strauss Jan 2010

Planning For Change In The Boston Metropolitan Area (Usa): Exploring The Relationship Between Urban Greening And Socio-Economic Processes, Robert L. Ryan, Paige Warren, Susannah Lerman, Kate Taylor, Eric Strauss

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Global population growth is increasingly concentrated in urban areas, degrading natural resources and threatening long-term sustainability of both human and biotic systems. Even in a developed nation like the United States, urban areas are expected to double in population and land area over the next fifty years (UNFPA, 2007). In order to plan for a more sustainable urban future, there is a need to understand the relationship between the socio-economic forces that are driving land use and land cover change, and the resulting impacts upon the ecosystem state and structure of the urban forest (Colding, 2007). In particular, this study ...


Improving Small Cities Competitiveness Through Greenway Planning And Design: Vila-Franca-De-Xira Case Study, Lisboa Metropolitan Area, Portugal, Luís Ribeiro, Teresa Dias Jan 2010

Improving Small Cities Competitiveness Through Greenway Planning And Design: Vila-Franca-De-Xira Case Study, Lisboa Metropolitan Area, Portugal, Luís Ribeiro, Teresa Dias

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenway concept as a strategy to support landscape planning and design has been addressed in research studies and publications worldwide (Fabos and Ryan, 2006). However, to fully understand the significance of greenways as a mean to improve cities landscape, the analysis of the design and implementation levels are crucial in order to assess its efficiency towards life quality and acceptance by local populations. This paper aims to further research the role of greenways on medium/small cities in Portugal, as a mean to improve their competitiveness.

Through the case study of greenway design and implementation in the city of Vila- ...


Ursynów Escarpment Linear Park Design In The Scope Of A System Of Linear Parks Of The Southern Areas Of Left Bank Warsaw, Katarzyna Rędzińska, Przemysław Wolski Jan 2010

Ursynów Escarpment Linear Park Design In The Scope Of A System Of Linear Parks Of The Southern Areas Of Left Bank Warsaw, Katarzyna Rędzińska, Przemysław Wolski

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This article presents the concept of the greenways (linear parks) system in the southern region of left-bank Warsaw. This system is based on linear environmental structure of the terrain.

The methodical basis for the study is the project interpretation of natural landscape features, on which the city’s urban composition should be based.

Natural lines and border zones, such as edges of high plains, river valleys, etc. should present the fabric to city planning. Those natural landmarks should be the places where important visual symbols will be located. They also may play the role of recreation areas or ecological corridors ...


Integrating Ecology And Society In The Urban Green Structure Planning: Evaluation Of Ugs Patches Quality In The City Of Porto, Portugal, Andreia V. Quintas, Maria José Curado Jan 2010

Integrating Ecology And Society In The Urban Green Structure Planning: Evaluation Of Ugs Patches Quality In The City Of Porto, Portugal, Andreia V. Quintas, Maria José Curado

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Cities are complex entities, with their own rules and dynamics of growth, behaviour and evolution, which result from interactions between biophysical and socioeconomic forces (Alberti et al., 2003). They have their own structure and functions. While the urban structure comprises its elements, its functions are based in the variety of services that cities provide (Pickett and Cadenasso, 2008). Its physical structure is composed by four main elements: buildings, build infrastructures, technical infrastructures and green infrastructures (Sandström et al., 2007), being complemented by the society component. These elements form a complex mosaic of patches, in a matrix of infrastructures, organizations and ...


Recreation In Swedish Agricultural Areas – Public Attitudes To Multifunctional Greenway Designs, Anna Peterson, Mats Gyllin, Christine Haaland, Anders Larsson Jan 2010

Recreation In Swedish Agricultural Areas – Public Attitudes To Multifunctional Greenway Designs, Anna Peterson, Mats Gyllin, Christine Haaland, Anders Larsson

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Recreation in the agricultural landscape of SW Sweden is limited in several ways. There is little else than agricultural fields and urbanised areas, and outdoor recreation is limited to a few, small areas. Although the Swedish Right of Public Access allows for accessing the agricultural fields by foot, this is not allowed during periods when there is standing crop. Apart from this, the fields are not particularly inviting, since the winds are continuous and often harsh, and walking on the muddy fields is not comfortable. It should be stressed that this is the everyday landscape for a growing peri-urban population ...


Open Space System As An Armature For Urban Expansion: Evaluation Of Landscape Ecological Spatial Concepts As A Model For Improving Resilience In Urban Systems, Homero Marconi Penteado Jan 2010

Open Space System As An Armature For Urban Expansion: Evaluation Of Landscape Ecological Spatial Concepts As A Model For Improving Resilience In Urban Systems, Homero Marconi Penteado

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Urbanization alters several attributes of natural resources, degrading ecosystems and causing them to lose their ability to maintain their structure and function. As a result, native ecosystems in territories subject to urban expansion lose qualities important to their self-organization and may, in certain cases, disappear altogether. Actions that protect or strengthen the resilience of these native ecosystems in the face of urban development may offer increased capacity for these native ecosystems to survive and endure.

Landscape ecology aims to understand the relationship between spatial patterns and ecological processes across scales (Wu, 2008) considering the interaction with human activities (Naveh & Lieberman, 1984). A landscape is a kilometers-wide area (Forman & Godron, 1981), comprising a heterogeneous area where ecosystems are repeated in similar form and interact (Forman, 1995b; Forman ...


Water Greenways. A Case Study In Milano North Area: “V’Arco Villoresi” (Villoresi Gate - Bow), Elvira Pensa Jan 2010

Water Greenways. A Case Study In Milano North Area: “V’Arco Villoresi” (Villoresi Gate - Bow), Elvira Pensa

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The northern part of Milan, even if it is formed of many medium and small Municipalities, is considered a big metropolitan area. It’s uncontained growth, has caused intense soil consumption and territory capillary fragmentation. Fortunately, natural and agricultural areas survive thanks to some political regulations, on different scales, that have limited damage and protected part of the most significant territory. Most of these are parks, historical agricultural landscape, historical hydraulic system works and architectural emergences. Currently, the principal requisites are, first, to preserve the residual areas, avoiding speculation, and, then, to reconnect a large system that is separated by ...


Sustainable Landscaping For Paradise: Persian Garden, Samira Pasha, Somayeh Rokhgireh, Ali Pooladi Jan 2010

Sustainable Landscaping For Paradise: Persian Garden, Samira Pasha, Somayeh Rokhgireh, Ali Pooladi

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper introduces the ecological design techniques used to ameliorate harsh environmental conditions in traditional Persian gardens. Hot and dry weather of the Plateau of Iran, scarcity of water and sand storms has shaped large scale decisions (location, water systems) as well as small scale considerations (choice of plants, incorporation of architectural elements and water channels). The gardens in return, impact environmental conditions in large scale (towns and villages) and small scale (walkways and buildings).

This paper discusses passive strategies used in Persian gardens to create comfort conditions with regards to temperature, humidity, and light. This includes introducing resource management ...


The New Umbria Regional Landscape Plan, Roberta Panella, Endro Martini Jan 2010

The New Umbria Regional Landscape Plan, Roberta Panella, Endro Martini

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Umbria is a region of central Italy located in the heart of the peninsula. It is one of the smallest Italian regions. It is the only region of Italian peninsula not washed by the sea. It is bordered to the east and northeast with the Marches, west and northwest with Tuscany south and south-west with Lazio. The regional capital is Perugia. It is interesting to point out that because of its geomorphology, during the centuries, this region has always been a land of connection but even of contention.


The Correlation Between The Urban Heat Island And The Different Land Use Types, András Béla Oláh, Ildiko Dobi, Janos Mika, Eniko Lelovics, Zsuzsanna Dezső, Rita Pongrácz, Judith Bartholy Jan 2010

The Correlation Between The Urban Heat Island And The Different Land Use Types, András Béla Oláh, Ildiko Dobi, Janos Mika, Eniko Lelovics, Zsuzsanna Dezső, Rita Pongrácz, Judith Bartholy

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In the following study the local climate modifying impact of the man modified environment is to be discussed in detail. Such studies have come in demand nowadays, since the meteorological forecasts have just recently become detailed and accurate enough for this purpose. Furthermore the number and extension of huge sized artificial areas has also radically increased.

The appearance of these highly diversified artificial surfaces to such an extent can modulate the local climate so significantly that it can not be neglected. However, at the same time this extreme diversity of the surfaces and materials makes it very hard to analyse ...


Greenways In Strategies Of Mitigation And Adaption To Climate Change: Case Study Of State Of Maryland, Usa, David Myers Jan 2010

Greenways In Strategies Of Mitigation And Adaption To Climate Change: Case Study Of State Of Maryland, Usa, David Myers

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper, using the State of Maryland, USA as a case study, draws connections between greenway contributions to the Greenprint Program in MD and the rapidly expanding work on the use of green infrastructure to address climate change. It focuses on recent initiatives that could support the role of greenways in mitigating and adapting to climate change. Maryland established the Climate Change Commission in April 2007 by executive order to develop a plan for reducing the state’s vulnerability to sea level rise and other impacts of climate change. The Maryland Climate Change Commission's Climate Action Plan documented fortytwo ...


Central European Greenways – Designing International Corridors Of Sustainable Development, David Murphy, Daniel Mourek Jan 2010

Central European Greenways – Designing International Corridors Of Sustainable Development, David Murphy, Daniel Mourek

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper presents a practitioner’s perspective on Greenways development in the New Member States of the European Union of Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania and Slovakia. Greenways in this region came about as a result of and tool for the development of civil society in these countries after the collapse of communism. Greenways were introduced in Central Europe through direct cooperation with US based initiatives in the early and mid 1990s as part of a wider initiative to promote civic engagement in environmental improvement and decision making in an effort to re-establish a functioning and vibrant civic society ...


Greenway Landscape Design: River Torrens Linear Park, Adelaide, South Australia - A Process Rather Than An End State, Damien Mugavin Jan 2010

Greenway Landscape Design: River Torrens Linear Park, Adelaide, South Australia - A Process Rather Than An End State, Damien Mugavin

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper addresses the ongoing landscape design of the River Torrens Linear Park, which is the first and largest greenway within the metropolitan area of Adelaide, South Australia. This greenway is a 30 km long recreation and conservation open space, linking the Mount Lofty Ranges with Gulf St Vincent, and envelopes the River Torrens throughout its length. The planning and design of the greenway has previously been reviewed in detail by the author (Mugavin, D., 2004). The initial planning, design and implementation stages were undertaken in 1982 and have been ongoing through to 2010. River corridor management including water quality ...


Greenfield Investments In Budapest’S Environs, József László Molnár Jan 2010

Greenfield Investments In Budapest’S Environs, József László Molnár

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Budapest’s shopping centres, built as a result of greenfield investments, are like the city itself: the city by night is impressive, but its daytime appearance less so. Many of our new city centres are formed basically by the retail centers. This is detrimental to the very foundation of a multicentral settlement. Although the opportunities for development of these big-box retail centers would be endless, the end result is negative. The open spaces provide the potential of practical, recreational usages. Shady pergolas covered by plants, benches, fountains, anything else could be easily placed along the facades, creating a more graceful ...