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2005

Urban Studies and Planning

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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

La Internacionalización De Los Centros Históricos, Fernando Carrión Mena Nov 2005

La Internacionalización De Los Centros Históricos, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

El presente artículo busca desarrollar la idea de que los centros históricos sólo pueden entenderse en el marco de ciertas relaciones particulares, una de las cuales se define en el ámbito internacional. Y si llega a esta condición por el grado de las funciones de centralidad que tiene, Se parte de la premisa que el concepto centro es relativo, en el sentido que para ser tal debe definirse en un ámbito específico de relaciones: siempre se es centro de algo que lo contiene. En el caso que nos ocupa, el ámbito de la centralidad se define según el intensidad de ...


Translating Research Into Homelessness Policy And Practice: One Perspective From The United States, Dennis P. Culhane Oct 2005

Translating Research Into Homelessness Policy And Practice: One Perspective From The United States, Dennis P. Culhane

Dennis P. Culhane

Like social scientists everywhere, homelessness researchers in the US are usually ignored. Good science that identifies what causes homelessness, sound evaluations which document that certain programs will never work, and even evidence that promising solutions deserve broad replication, are often disregarded. Such wanton indifference for science would constitute malpractice in the field of medicine, but it sometimes passes as acceptable policy in the field of social welfare. Ideology, politics and preservation of the status quo usually prevail. So, what’s a well intentioned researcher to do? Persevere and become more tactical. After all, policy failures can’t be ignored forever ...


Pobres Las Ciudades De Pobres, Fernando Carrión Mena Aug 2005

Pobres Las Ciudades De Pobres, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

En América Latina, los años ochenta, en términos socioeconómicos, fueron definidos como la "década perdida". Las políticas de ajuste estructural dirigidas a solventar las llamadas variables macroeconómicas dejan -a estas alturas-una considerable deuda social que, en lugar de reducirse con el paso del tiempo, se incrementa considerablemente. Según el Banco Mundial, América Latina es la región del mundo con mayor grado de desigualdad social, lo cual hace que la pobreza sea impermeable al crecimiento económico y al gasto social.

Si bien la pobreza no es un fenómeno nuevo, sí se puede afirmar que durante los últimos años creció, se transformó ...


Hacia Una Definición De Políticas De Conservación De Áreas Históricas Mexicanas: La Conservación Integrada Y La Rehabilitación De Las Zonas De Monumentos Históricos En El Estado De Querétaro / Towards A Definition Of Conservation Policies Of Historic Areas: The Integrated Conservation Of Historical Mouments' Zones In The State Of Queretaro, Yanet Lezama-López Aug 2005

Hacia Una Definición De Políticas De Conservación De Áreas Históricas Mexicanas: La Conservación Integrada Y La Rehabilitación De Las Zonas De Monumentos Históricos En El Estado De Querétaro / Towards A Definition Of Conservation Policies Of Historic Areas: The Integrated Conservation Of Historical Mouments' Zones In The State Of Queretaro, Yanet Lezama-López

Yanet Lezama-López

Tomando como base dos de los paradigmas presentes en la práctica de la conservación (Ashworth, 1994), la preservación y el heritage, el artículo presenta, desde la perspectiva del diseño urbano contemporáneo, los principios de la conservación integrada de paisajes históricos construidos propuestos por la autora para el contexto mexicano. El estudio de caso, el centro histórico de la ciudad de Santiago de Querétaro, en México, permite presentar algunas recomendaciones que pueden ser aplicadas en los planes de manejo o gestión en otros sitios mexicanos inscritos en la lista del Patrimonio Mundial, a fin de contribuir constructivamente en la práctica de ...


Time-Series Analysis Of Clusters In City Size Distributions, Ahjond S. Garmestani, Craig R. Allen, K. Michael Bessey Aug 2005

Time-Series Analysis Of Clusters In City Size Distributions, Ahjond S. Garmestani, Craig R. Allen, K. Michael Bessey

Nebraska Cooperative Fish & Wildlife Research Unit -- Staff Publications

Complex systems, such as urban systems, emerge unpredictably without the influence of central control as a result of adaptive behavior by their component, interacting agents. This paper analyses city size distributions, by decade, from the south-western region of the United States for the years 1890–1990. It determines if the distributions were clustered and documents changes in the pattern of clusters over time. Clusters were determined utilizing a kernel density estimator and cluster analysis. The data were clustered as determined by both methods. The analyses identified 4–7 clusters of cities in each of the decades analysed. Cities cluster into ...


La Inseguridad Ciudadana En La Comunidad Andina, Fernando Carrión Mena Jul 2005

La Inseguridad Ciudadana En La Comunidad Andina, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

Durante los últimos años la violencia urbana se ha convertido en uno de los temas más importantes de la ciudad andina, debido a las nuevas formas que asume, a los impactos sociales y económicos y al incremento de su magnitud. Las violencias se han extendido en todos los países y ciudades de la región con peculiaridades y ritmos propios, provocando cambios en las urbes. Allí las transformaciones en el urbanismo (amurallamiento de la ciudad, nuevas formas de segregación residencial), en los comportamientos de la población (angustia, desamparo), en la interacción social (reducción de la ciudadanía, nuevas formas de socialización) y ...


Letter To The Editor, Barbara Miller Lane Jun 2005

Letter To The Editor, Barbara Miller Lane

Growth and Structure of Cities Faculty Research and Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Examining The Basis For Change In Clark County Non-Conforming Zone Change Process, Was It Needed?, Maria D. Kaseko May 2005

Examining The Basis For Change In Clark County Non-Conforming Zone Change Process, Was It Needed?, Maria D. Kaseko

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

This study reviews Clark County's non-conforming zone change process from 1990 to 2002. A non-conforming zone change, sometimes known as a non-conforming zone boundary amendment is a proposed request that is not within the range of residential densities and/or non-residential intensities indicated on the applicable land use plan map, master plan, or concept plan. This research explores and examines two questions raised by the Clark County's new implementation plan, which was approved in April 2003 to amend the non-conforming zone change process. 1) Clark County assumed there was a public perception that non-conforming zone changes were being ...


Quito Imaginado, Fernando Carrión Mena, Milagros Aguirre A., Eduardo Kingman G. Apr 2005

Quito Imaginado, Fernando Carrión Mena, Milagros Aguirre A., Eduardo Kingman G.

Fernando Carrión Mena

Apreciado lector, investigador, viajero, habitante de estas urbes: en las páginas siguientes encontrará usted uno de los resultados más sugestivos de la que también es una de las investigaciones más originales e interesantes generadas en América Latina sobre las formas y maneras de ser habitante de una ciudad iberoamericana; labor realizada por numerosos especialistas que nos aportaron miradas locales, de conjunto y comparativas. Este trabajo fue realizado con el auspicio del Convenio Andrés Bello y el aporte de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia y de múltiples instituciones académicas, oficiales y de la sociedad civil en todo el continente y España ...


Citizen Based Public Health Surveillance, Monitoring And Post-Event Assessments, Thomas Lyons Carr Iii Apr 2005

Citizen Based Public Health Surveillance, Monitoring And Post-Event Assessments, Thomas Lyons Carr Iii

Thomas Lyons (Thom) Carr III Appl.Sc., CEM

When a sudden on-set emergency or disaster affects a region or the whole country, communities and neighborhoods should plan for the possibility that emergency and other civic services will be disrupted and unavailable (District of Columbia 2003a, 2003b, 2004; Doyle 2004; Siskiyou County Public Health/NorCalBT.com 2004). The event may be severe enough that the routine public health surveillance and monitoring system will be disrupted or the system will not be able to provide data quickly enough to support state and local decisionmaking. A temporary post-disaster system should be planned for and implemented. The epidemiologist supporting the local decision ...


Livelihood Strategies And Performance Of Ghana’S Health And Education Sectors: Exploring The Connections, Francis Owusu Apr 2005

Livelihood Strategies And Performance Of Ghana’S Health And Education Sectors: Exploring The Connections, Francis Owusu

Community and Regional Planning Publications

The public sector in Africa is riddled with widespread ineffectiveness. Although some countries have implemented various reform programmes with the support of international development agencies, the results so far have been disappointing. One reason for the failure is that the policies have focussed more on achieving macroeconomic stability than making the organisations effective. This article explores a fundamental problem of the policies—the need to focus on the human component of organisational performance. Using education and health organisations in Ghana as examples, the article advances a hypothesis that the livelihood strategies of public sector employees and the performance of their ...


Land Planning And Development Mitigation For Protecting Water Quality In The Great Lakes System: An Evaluation Of U.S. Approaches, Elizabeth Brabec, Peter Kumble Mar 2005

Land Planning And Development Mitigation For Protecting Water Quality In The Great Lakes System: An Evaluation Of U.S. Approaches, Elizabeth Brabec, Peter Kumble

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Faculty Publication Series

A review of the land use/water quality interface of the Great Lakes system, and the monitoring programs in place. The paper reviews the weakness in the system and suggests opportunities for improvement.


Land Planning And Development Mitigation For Protecting Water Quality In The Great Lakes System: An Evaluation Of U.S. Approaches, Elizabeth Brabec, Peter Kumble Mar 2005

Land Planning And Development Mitigation For Protecting Water Quality In The Great Lakes System: An Evaluation Of U.S. Approaches, Elizabeth Brabec, Peter Kumble

Elizabeth Brabec

A review of the land use/water quality interface of the Great Lakes system, and the monitoring programs in place. The paper reviews the weakness in the system and suggests opportunities for improvement.


What Communities Should Do Pre-Event To Support Public Health Post-Event Assessments, Surveillance And Monitoring, Thomas Lyons Carr Iii Feb 2005

What Communities Should Do Pre-Event To Support Public Health Post-Event Assessments, Surveillance And Monitoring, Thomas Lyons Carr Iii

Thomas Lyons (Thom) Carr III Appl.Sc., CEM

[Abstract written March 2008, TLC] Under worst-case planning assumptions used by some major metropolitan areas, a Neighbor-to-Neighbor self-help program model is the primary link between citizens and the professional response personnel of the responsible government agencies.

In the Neighbor-to-Neighbor self-help program model or a Community Emergency Management Plan (CEMP) calls on the citizens in neighborhoods to identify and establish cluster emergency preparedness committees, Cluster Emergency Coordination Centers (CECC) and Community Emergency Response Teams (CERT). Missing from these plans or what is not articulated is how constant Public Health Post-Event Surveillance, Monitoring and Assessments will be done. Given the worst-case planning ...


Update New England, Pingkang Yu Jan 2005

Update New England, Pingkang Yu

Pingkang Yu

Quarterly publication from 2003 to 2005 for the comprehensive coverage of economic conditions


Did The Maya Build Architectural Cosmograms?, Michael E. Smith Jan 2005

Did The Maya Build Architectural Cosmograms?, Michael E. Smith

Michael E Smith

No abstract provided.


Renovación Urbana Y Proyecto Nacional, Fernando Carrión Mena Jan 2005

Renovación Urbana Y Proyecto Nacional, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

El Proyecto de Estudios Urbanos Comparativos del Woodrow Wilson Internacional Center For Scholars (WWIC) y el Programa de Estudios de la Ciudad de FLACSOEcuador organizaron los días 16 y 17 de diciembre de 2004 el seminario internacional bajo el nombre: “Hacia un Estado Estable: Regeneración y Revitalización Urbana en las Américas”.

Para el efecto se presentaron 14 ponencias expuestas por académicos, autoridades y funcionarios; provenientes de profesiones diversas (arquitectos, sociólogos, economistas, antropólogos), enfocando sus presentaciones desde ámbitos locales, nacionales y latinoamericanos. A la reunión asistieron más de 80 personas, con una composición similar a la de los ponentes; esto es ...


El Centro Histórico Como Objeto De Deseo, Fernando Carrión Mena, Lisa Hanley Jan 2005

El Centro Histórico Como Objeto De Deseo, Fernando Carrión Mena, Lisa Hanley

Fernando Carrión Mena

Con este trabajo se busca presentar algunas hipótesis e ideas respecto de la relación entre centro histórico, espacio publico y grandes proyectos urbanos, en el entendido de que el centro histórico es un espacio público por excelencia y, por tanto, es un elemento articulador de la ciudad; lo cual le convierte -por si y ante si- en un gran proyecto urbano (GPU). Esta propuesta se desarrollará en el contexto optimista de la ciudad como solución y en la consideración del centro histórico como objeto del deseo. Para desarrollar esta idea se parte de los siguientes tres principios orientadores.

Primero, es ...


Los Centros Históricos En La Era Digital En América Latina, Fernando Carrión Mena Jan 2005

Los Centros Históricos En La Era Digital En América Latina, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

Este trabajo nace de un proceso de estudio y reflexión realizado sobre la base de lo que se ha venido haciendo y estudiando en algunos de los centros históricos más importantes de América Latina. Para su desarrollo se plantea una lógica expositiva a través de tres preguntas clave y una conclusión general.

La primera se refiere a lo que está sucediendo en los centros históricos o por qué esta temática ha cobrado tanto peso en el continente: ¿qué ocurre hoy en día con el proceso de globalización en los centros históricos en la región? Su pertinencia proviene del hecho de ...


Regeneración Y Revitalización Urbana En Las Américas, Fernando Carrión Mena Jan 2005

Regeneración Y Revitalización Urbana En Las Américas, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

Desde mediados del siglo XX, se inicia una ardua tarea por pensar los centros históricos más allá de conceptos venidos únicamente desde la arquitectura y de sus vertientes de la preservación y conservación de los monumentos históricos y concebir al centro histórico como una relación social. Actualmente un nuevo enfoque entiende al proceso urbano como parte importante en la construcción de un estado estable y de una economía sustentable cuyo punto de partida sea un proyecto colectivo de ciudad que pueda aportar hacia la estabilidad de los estados, su desarrollo económico y su fortalecimiento cultural, Los temas importantes a tomarse ...


La Seguridad En América Latina Y Europa, Fernando Carrión Mena Jan 2005

La Seguridad En América Latina Y Europa, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

La violencia es una de las principales problemáticas sociales y urbanas en el mundo. Si bien no se trata de una problemática enteramente nueva, en las últimas décadas muestra un proceso de incremento, generalización y diversificación que conllevan impactos sociales, culturales, políticos y económicos de relevancia. Es un fenómeno mundial en el que se hace necesario resaltar que en Estados Unidos y Europa la situación se evidencia a inicios de la década de los ochenta, mientras que en América Latina se presenta con mayor magnitud en los años noventa.

En la actualidad, una de las preocupaciones más importantes que existen ...


La Inseguridad Ciudadana En América Latina, Fernando Carrión Mena Jan 2005

La Inseguridad Ciudadana En América Latina, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

El trabajo hace un análisis de la violencia en América Latina, mostrando que ha habido un crecimiento importante, que se ha producido una transformación significativa y que ha adoptado nuevas formas. Se ha convertido en un problema social con más de 140.000 homicidios anuales, hay una pérdida económica no menor al 14 por 100 del PIB anuales (168.000 millones de dólares), las instituciones democráticas se erosionan y las ciudades se amurallan. Hay diferencias regionales: el área andina es la más compleja con Colombia a la cabeza, luego le sigue Centro América y finalmente el Cono Sur.


Princípios Do Direito À Cidade, Rafael De Oliveira Alves Jan 2005

Princípios Do Direito À Cidade, Rafael De Oliveira Alves

Rafael de Oliveira Alves

No abstract provided.


Homegirls In The Public Sphere By Miranda, Marie (Keta) Review By: Yost, Bambi, Bambi L. Yost Jan 2005

Homegirls In The Public Sphere By Miranda, Marie (Keta) Review By: Yost, Bambi, Bambi L. Yost

Bambi L Yost

Abstrat is not available. Citation: Homegirls in the Public Sphere by Miranda, Marie (Keta) Review by: Yost, Bambi Children, Youth and Environments Vol. 15, No. 1, Environmental Health, and Other Papers (2005) , pp. 406-413 Published by: The Board of Regents of the University of Colorado, a body corporate, for the benefit of the Children, Youth and Environments Center at the University of Colorado Boulder Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.7721/chilyoutenvi.15.1.0406


From Lane To Lee A Quarry's Potential, Center For Economic Development Jan 2005

From Lane To Lee A Quarry's Potential, Center For Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

In collaboration with a student team from the Department of Landscape Architecture and Regional Planning at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, the Community Development Corporation of Lee explored the potential reuse of an industrial parcel owned by Lane Construction Corporation in Lee, Massachusetts. The 243-acre property is currently in operation as a gravel and sand operation and asphalt processing plant in Lenox Dale, north of Lee center.

Identified as one of the largest industrial zoned parcels in New England, the Lane site has great economic potential in the future development of the town and the surrounding region. However, the site ...


Gill, Massachusetts: The Mariamante Parcel, Center For Economic Development Jan 2005

Gill, Massachusetts: The Mariamante Parcel, Center For Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

In December of 2004, the small Massachusetts town of Gill took a tremendous step to influence its own future. A fifteen acre parcel of land in the south of town, near the intersection of two important town roads, had been put up for sale by its previous owners. The land had been under an agricultural preservation restriction, a program enabled by Massachusetts General Law Chapter 61 A. As part of this restriction, if the land were ever sold, the town would have right of first refusal.

The town's recent Community Development Plan has identified the parcel as a prime ...


Haverhill Street Corridor Study: Methuen, Massachusetts, Center For Economic Development Jan 2005

Haverhill Street Corridor Study: Methuen, Massachusetts, Center For Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

The City of Methuen’s Department of Planning and Community Development hired a team of students from the University of Massachusetts Amherst’s Master’s in Regional Planning studio class to examine the growth impacts of a potential highway interchange reconfiguration. Exit 46 of Interstate 93 in Methuen is a failed interchange, and will likely be reconfigured in the next ten years. Methuen, a middle class city of 44,000 midway between Boston, MA and Manchester, NH, is currently experiencing significant growth pressures. The reconfigured interchange will only add to these pressures.

In consultation with the client, the studio team ...


Economic Development Plan Town Of Warren, Massachusetts, Center For Economic Development Jan 2005

Economic Development Plan Town Of Warren, Massachusetts, Center For Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

This section of the Comprehensive Plan identifies economic development strategies within the framework of various development opportunities available to Warren given its current economic and geographical standing within the region. These economic development strategies strive to meet the needs and desires of the residents of Warren, Massachusetts based on their input and an analysis of local and regional economic trends and conditions. These potential economic strategies, intended to promote future economic growth, are in alignment with the Town’s core values and community goals.

Warren currently has two village centers, an active mill complex, significant open space, rivers and wetlands ...


"More Than Shelter": Community, Identity, And Spatial Politics In San Francisco Public Housing, 1938--2000, Amy L. Howard Jan 2005

"More Than Shelter": Community, Identity, And Spatial Politics In San Francisco Public Housing, 1938--2000, Amy L. Howard

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

During the second half of the twentieth century, scholars and journalists documented the failures of the public housing program in the United States with a range of studies focusing on the Midwest and East. Problems such as displacement, criminal activity, high vacancy rates, racial segregation, and the isolation of tenants informed critiques of federally-subsidized housing for low-income families. These aspects contributed to the national image of "the projects" as high-rise ghettos, populated primarily by African Americans, and located in run-down areas. Public housing with its position at the crossroads of national, state, and local politics and policies as well as ...


Habitat Trails . . . A Manual For Affordable Green Neighborhood Development, Community Design Center Jan 2005

Habitat Trails . . . A Manual For Affordable Green Neighborhood Development, Community Design Center

Project Reports

Habitat Trails is a green affordable neighborhood development consisting of 17 Habitat for Humanity homes. The site is designed as a sponge to work in accord with existing hydrological drainage, catchment, and recharge patterns. Stormwater runoff is retained and treated through a contiguous network of bioswales, infiltration trenches, stormwater gardens, sediment filter strips, and a constructed wet meadow. The integration of a treatment landscape with open space substitutes an ecologically-based stormwater management system for the expensive curb-gutter-pipe solution in civil infrastructure.