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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Robot In The Garden: Preliminary Experiments Programming An On-Site Robot Ball Assistant To The Landscape Architect, Caroline Westort, Zhongzhe Shen Jan 2017

Robot In The Garden: Preliminary Experiments Programming An On-Site Robot Ball Assistant To The Landscape Architect, Caroline Westort, Zhongzhe Shen

Landscape Architecture Publications

The project features preliminary experiments programming a small autonomous robot ball known as the SPRK+ Sphero that explore the utility of an onsite robotic “assistant” to the landscape architect, and ask the following research questions: i. What useful work can an interactive robot ball offer a landscape architect on site? ii. What would an initial prototype implementation look like? First results include exploratory implementations using the OVAL SDK for Sphero for calculations of position, distance, collision, and by extension, slope and area. The project is innovative in three respects: 1) It uses an off-the-shelf handheld, low cost robotic toy as ...


Coding Landscape: Teaching Computer Programming To Landscape Architects, Caroline Westort Jan 2016

Coding Landscape: Teaching Computer Programming To Landscape Architects, Caroline Westort

Landscape Architecture Publications

How to best teach coding to landscape architects? Domain-specific approaches to teaching computer programming are surprisingly rare. Most computer programming curricula teach skills in a generic way, to be broadly relevant to many people. A rapidly increasing number and ways of teaching how to code to a range of skill levels is now available online, usually for free (see Appendix, RICHTEL 2015, GASCA 2014, FRAMPTON 2015, SIMS et al. 2011). Yet in landscape architecture coding is often regarded as too difficult, too resource-intensive, insufficiently relevant to practice, or otherwise peripheral to the core mission of the profession to teach (WESTORT ...


Making Room For Risk In Play Environments And Play Standards, Daniel Jost, Bambi L. Yost, Shannon M. Mikus, Mohsen Ghiasi Ghorveh Jan 2016

Making Room For Risk In Play Environments And Play Standards, Daniel Jost, Bambi L. Yost, Shannon M. Mikus, Mohsen Ghiasi Ghorveh

Landscape Architecture Publications

Over the past few decades, concerns about safety and liability have led to the elimination of features considered to be “risky” from many play environments. In response to this trend, some researchers are using a mix of a priori reasoning and empirical studies to make the case that risk is an integral part of challenging play, and that certain types of risky play are associated with health benefits and learning. New research and criticism of existing standards and research has encouraged the adoption of new regulatory language in the United Kingdom that acknowledges the value of risk in children’s ...


Big Data In The Big Easy: How Social Networks Can Improve The Place For Young People In Cities, Benjamin A. Shirtcliff Feb 2015

Big Data In The Big Easy: How Social Networks Can Improve The Place For Young People In Cities, Benjamin A. Shirtcliff

Landscape Architecture Publications

Access to social data on human experience of place has never been more available than now. Social media, smart phones, and the Internet of Things provide glimpses into individual activity across the globe. The nearly-boundless stream of information is called “big data.” Today, physically and even socially disconnected individuals can benefit from the similar experiences of others to adapt and change their environment. I argue that big data provides two critical benefits for landscape architecture research and practice: (1) big data opens a window into previously inaccessible human experiences of designed environments, introducing new metrics for evidence-based design and new ...


I-Walk: An Innovative Approach To Community Walkability, Christopher J. Seeger, Catherine J. Lillehoj, Alan D. Jensen, Suzy Wilson, Lydia R. Levinson Aug 2014

I-Walk: An Innovative Approach To Community Walkability, Christopher J. Seeger, Catherine J. Lillehoj, Alan D. Jensen, Suzy Wilson, Lydia R. Levinson

Landscape Architecture Publications

One way of combating rising obesity rates and decreasing physical activity levels among children is to promote active transportation to and from schools. The award-winning I-WALK program provides a comprehensive framework for addressing community walkability and related infrastructure. The program uses a unique and innovative methodology that combines volunteer data collection workshops; classroom-based teacher tallies; and a dynamic Web-based survey that brings parents and children together to discuss school transportation issues. The program's success demonstrates the benefits of coalition-building and community-based participatory research approaches to designing healthy and safe local environments.


Empowering Newcomers With Low-Tech Workshops And High-Tech Analyses, Katia Balassiano, Christopher Seeger Jan 2014

Empowering Newcomers With Low-Tech Workshops And High-Tech Analyses, Katia Balassiano, Christopher Seeger

Landscape Architecture Publications

Newcomer participation in governance is a common goal, but many traditional venues and mechanisms designed to facilitate inclusive decision-making remain inaccessible. We present a case study that uses low-tech participatory mapping workshops to help newcomers learn where people go to discuss local affairs and access information. We then analyze the workshop data with a dynamic, high-tech, Geographic Information Systems (GIS) spatial modeling process. The maps generated can be used to identify more inclusive venues for public meetings. This article describes the replicable workshop methodology, analytic tools, and benefits that result from using the two in concert.


Sk8ting The Sinking City, Benjamin A. Shirtcliff Jan 2014

Sk8ting The Sinking City, Benjamin A. Shirtcliff

Landscape Architecture Publications

Hot, humid, cracking, and sinking, the Crescent City seems unlikely for skateboarding. Frequently referenced for being 'up to no good,' unsupervised adolescents seem an unusual candidate to create opportunities for environmental justice. The paper examines how settings afford prosocial behaviours amongst skateboarding adolescents. Young people have a unique capacity to improve settings for play. Using evidence collected from site observation and YouTube videos, sk8ters reveal that supportive places can arise from blight and vacancy. The research has broader implications for sustainability and environmental justice professionals working with vulnerable populations to transform degraded spaces into beneficial places.


City United, Park Fragmented, Heidi M. Hohmann Jan 2010

City United, Park Fragmented, Heidi M. Hohmann

Landscape Architecture Publications

The Common Cry of Urban Development, "if you want to make an omelette, you've got to break some eggs," definitely applies to Boston's Big Dig, which has been an eggbeater in the heart of Boston for the past 20 years. Today the benefits of the demolition are clearly apparent in the open spaces of the Rose Kennedy Greenway that now stands in place of the elevated Central Artery.


Visualizing And Querying Community Survey Data With Google Maps®, Christopher J. Seeger, Craig Hertel Oct 2009

Visualizing And Querying Community Survey Data With Google Maps®, Christopher J. Seeger, Craig Hertel

Landscape Architecture Publications

This article describes how an online survey was enhanced using Google Maps® to visualize public concerns regarding a community's water/sewer quality while revealing patterns that could indicate a potential source of the identified problems. Online surveys have become part of the standard toolkit for many County Extension Offices; however, these tools are limited when it comes to surveys involving geospatial information. Through a few simple steps when developing the survey, collected data can be converted for use in a GIS or online geospatial viewer.


Drawing As An Advent To Design Studio Education, Carl A. Rogers Jan 2007

Drawing As An Advent To Design Studio Education, Carl A. Rogers

Landscape Architecture Publications

Design studio education separates design and visual representation as individual subjects requiring different educational objectives. Each subject employs distinct skills such as line and value for visual representation or form and experience for design. The potential of design decisions should be based upon integration creative ideas with observation and representation skills. This paper describes a drawing process conceived by the author which considers issues of drawing including i) the pictorial function of drawing, ii) the ability of drawing to illuminate ideas, and iii) the relationship between seeing and imagining when drawing. The goal is to consider the intrinsic relationship between ...


Landscape Architecture: A Terminal Case?, Heidi M. Hohmann, Joern Langhorst Apr 2005

Landscape Architecture: A Terminal Case?, Heidi M. Hohmann, Joern Langhorst

Landscape Architecture Publications

Late last year, two faculty members at Iowa State University circulated a manifesto to other departments of landscape architecture, charging that the field has outlived its historic purpose. Read excerpts from the manifest below, then read what Gary Hilderbrand, FASLA; Peter Jacobs, FASLA; Elizabeth Meyer, FASLA; Patrick A. Miller, FASLA; James Palmer, FASLA; Steven Velegrinis; and Peter Walker, FASLA, and Jane Gillette had to say in response.


Post~Nuclear Monuments, Museums, And Gardens, Miriam Engler Jan 2005

Post~Nuclear Monuments, Museums, And Gardens, Miriam Engler

Landscape Architecture Publications

MARKED BY THE SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERY of atomic energy, the nuclear age, which spans the twentieth century, has changed the nature of culture as well as the landscape.l Vast, secret landscapes play host to nuclear arms and commercial energy producers. 2 Nuclear sites concern not only scientists and politicians, but also environmental designers/artists. The need to evoke a cultural discourse, protect future generations, reveal or conceal radioactive burial sites and recycle retired installations engenders our participation. How do we intersect with these hellish places? Do we have a potent role in addressing this conundrum? In what follows, I confront ...


A Landscape Designed To Be Viewed, Not Experienced, Heidi M. Hohmann Jan 2005

A Landscape Designed To Be Viewed, Not Experienced, Heidi M. Hohmann

Landscape Architecture Publications

Everyone is Impressed when This Old House transforms a tired bungalow into an elegant new residence, and that's the way oslund.and.assoc. has reinvented the competent Modernism of the General Mills Corporate Headquarters. With fine materials and design elan, the new addition updates and improves the sit's old vocabulary of rolling green lawns, minimalist buildings, scattered abstract sculptures, and amoeba-shaped ponds, making Modernism relevant again for a whole new era of corporate citizens.


It's A Pale Shadow Of A Real, Functioning River, Heidi M. Hohmann Feb 2004

It's A Pale Shadow Of A Real, Functioning River, Heidi M. Hohmann

Landscape Architecture Publications

If the River Returns Project were a new design, its greatest weakness-the artificiality of the water system - would be clear. Some critics would decry the ersatz river as a pale shadow of a real, functioning riverine system, while others would complain that the mechanized nature of the park should be revealed, rather than hidden under a thin veneer of "ecological design." As new design, the project would, critically, be dead in the water.


An Apocalyptic Manifesto, Heidi M. Hohmann, Joern Langhorst Jan 2004

An Apocalyptic Manifesto, Heidi M. Hohmann, Joern Langhorst

Landscape Architecture Publications

A Terminal Case? At the start of the 21st century, landscape architecture is a troubled profession, more distinguished by what it lacks than the qualities that it actually possesses. It has no historiography, no formal theory, no definition, direction, or focus. A vast schism currently exists between its academics and professional practitioners. In universities across the nation, researchers poach methodologies from other, more vibrant disciplines. Meanwhile, in professional offices, designers yoked to the bottom line crank out pedestrian design.

We believe these problems are pervasive and chronic. They indicate that landscape architecture is not just troubled, but sick. The condition ...


An American At Westonbirt: My Garden At The 2005 Westonbirt Festival Of The Garden, Miriam Engler Jan 2004

An American At Westonbirt: My Garden At The 2005 Westonbirt Festival Of The Garden, Miriam Engler

Landscape Architecture Publications

Garden festivals first captured my attention 10 years ago with their intense, poetic images and previously unseen garden forms-sprouting woven willow fences; beach chairs and sun collectors strewn about a sunflower field; floating islands of exotic plants surrounded by glass bottles; a caged frozen bird hanging on a dead white tree; blue glass gravel beads. Like poetry, these temporary garden creations are succinct and intense, distilling an idea into a calculated, original, formal composition. Instead of words, they comprise selective plants, materials, and patterns.


Perspective: Minneapolis Bloch Cancer Survivor Park, Heidi M. Hohmann Feb 2003

Perspective: Minneapolis Bloch Cancer Survivor Park, Heidi M. Hohmann

Landscape Architecture Publications

Although I lack the financial resources to fund a hundred parks across America, I, like Richard Bloch, am a cancer survivor. I am a member (Lymphoma, Class of 1999) of a large and growing club that Bloch has undertaken to represent in his ambitious and laudable campaign to use parks to make the struggles of cancer patients both visible and less daunting to members of the public who may also be stricken by the disease. As a result, i approached the cancer survivors park in Minneapolis as both cancer survivor and landscape architect, with both a sense of ownership and ...


Critic At Large: Slouching Toward Minneaplois, Heidi M. Hohmann Jan 2003

Critic At Large: Slouching Toward Minneaplois, Heidi M. Hohmann

Landscape Architecture Publications

The Federal Courthouse Plaza (FCP) in Minneapolis is a typical Martha Schwartz project. Critically acclaimed, it uses a minimalist design vocabulary, innovates with new materials, and expands on theoretical ideas she has previously explored. Located between the late modernist federal courthouse by Kohn Pedersen Fox to the north and the Richardsonian Romanesque city hall to the south, the half-block plaza was designed and constructed fo the Government Services Administration.


Running Against The Wind, Heidi M. Hohmann Jan 2002

Running Against The Wind, Heidi M. Hohmann

Landscape Architecture Publications

Everything's bigger in Texas. Perhaps that's why Williams Square in Las Colinas near Dallas has always seemed to be larger than life. The project made a big splash in 1985, when it won an ASLA honor award for its designers, Jim Reeves and Dan Mock of the SWA Group, and its sculptor, Rob Green.


The Minneapolis Federal Courthouse Plaza: Meaning And Identity, Heidi M. Hohmann Jan 2002

The Minneapolis Federal Courthouse Plaza: Meaning And Identity, Heidi M. Hohmann

Landscape Architecture Publications

The Federal Courthouse Plaza in Minneapolis might be considered a 'run-of-the-mill' project for Martha Schwartz. Critically acclaimed, it uses a minimalist design vocabulary, innovates with new materials, and expands on theoretical ideas she has previously explored. Designed and constructed for the Government Services Administration (GSA), the plaza comprises half a block at the bases of the Federal Courthouse designed by Kohn Pedersen Fox.


The Artificial Landscape: Contemporary Architecture, Urbanism, And Landscape Architecture In The Netherlands, Heidi M. Hohmann Jan 2002

The Artificial Landscape: Contemporary Architecture, Urbanism, And Landscape Architecture In The Netherlands, Heidi M. Hohmann

Landscape Architecture Publications

Dutch designers ore accustomed to working on land that "is not a natural given but exists by virtue of human ingenuity and technology in water management." For the Dutch the idea of "artificial landscope" is not new. It is-and always has been-the point of departure for design. As a result of this perspective, the projects depicted in The Artificial Landscape ore more than an overview of recent Dutch work in architecture, landscape architecture, and urban design. They ore also a fresh, vital body of work that can educate nations that ore comparative beginners at engaging synthetic environments.


The Garden In The Machine The Duisburg-Nord Landscape Park, Miriam Engler Jan 2000

The Garden In The Machine The Duisburg-Nord Landscape Park, Miriam Engler

Landscape Architecture Publications

One hundred and fifty years after the sound of the machine broke the silence of the garden, as examined in Leo Marx's seminal book, The Machine in the Garden, the gardens of Latz-Partner at the defunct steel plant in Duisburg-Nord Landscape park just north of Duisburg, German, sound a new note in the silenced machine of the postindustrial landscape. The gardens, each with its own unique character and color-a bright green spiral fern garden, a pink-green parterre garden, a silver-gold roof garden, a climbing rose garden, and a tranquil water lily garden-set within obsolete coal and ore bunkers and ...


A Living Memorial: Commemorating Yitzhak Rabin At The Tel Aviv Square, Mira Engler Jan 1999

A Living Memorial: Commemorating Yitzhak Rabin At The Tel Aviv Square, Mira Engler

Landscape Architecture Publications

The Tel Aviv City Hall square, site of prime minister Yitzhak Rabin's assassination after a rally November 4, 1995, has become a stage to an extraordinary act of spontaneous public commemoration. In a country replete with official, iconic monuments to its past, this public place has witnessed the formation of a new kind of memorial - a stage for democracy, a place for public communication and action. The geography and the civic and symbolic nature of the site have nurtured the formation of a living memorial, a vital meeting place for political exchange and commentary.


Theme Towns: The Pitfalls And Alternatives Of Image Making, Miriam Engler Jan 1994

Theme Towns: The Pitfalls And Alternatives Of Image Making, Miriam Engler

Landscape Architecture Publications

In a Small Town article published a few years ago, Marti Willetts of Albia, Iowa, described her experience of living on the town square in a restored second-floor apartment: "It's just like living in Disney world. I look through my front windows at the wonderful Albia Square and feel as if I'm in Disney's Main Street U.S.A. with the little shops and people walking around and things going on." But Marti did not realize that Disney's Main Street image is based on those real images existing in small towns like Albia. Mrs. Willetts' description ...