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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Sensing The City: Legibility In The Context Of Mediated Spatial Terrains, Sharon Wohl Dec 2018

Sensing The City: Legibility In The Context Of Mediated Spatial Terrains, Sharon Wohl

Architecture Publications

Smartphones, with their “pervasive presence” in contact with our bodies, have come to act as sensory prosthetics that mediate our experience of the city. They activate new possibilities of navigating the urban, such that we can find exactly what we want, rather than what has been placed before us. This article argues that smartphone technologies produce a more fluid engagement with urban space: where space is not so much “given” as “enacted.” In this context, notions of “legibility” take on new algorithmic and virtual forms. Thus, according to Hamilton and colleagues, where “the legible city waited to be read, the ...


From Form To Process: Re-Conceptualizing Lynch In Light Of Complexity Theory, Sharon Wohl Nov 2017

From Form To Process: Re-Conceptualizing Lynch In Light Of Complexity Theory, Sharon Wohl

Architecture Publications

New Urbanism’s disposition towards urban design emphasizes creating places that, in part, derive structure and meaning from ‘imageable’ components. These components resonate with the formal categories articulated by Kevin Lynch. That is to say, New Urbanist projects emphasize defined streets (edges) neighborhood coherence (districts) civic buildings (landmarks) connective public open spaces (nodes) and gridiron street networks (paths). Lynch, however, deemed that such urban features arose from dynamic processes, whereas New Urbanists pre-designate formal features without full consideration of their functional dynamics. In order to better situate this notion of ‘functional dynamics’, this paper argues that urban settings can be ...


Livability And Coexistence Between The Sexes: An Architectural Question, Andrea S. Wheeler Nov 2017

Livability And Coexistence Between The Sexes: An Architectural Question, Andrea S. Wheeler

Architecture Publications

If we feel our lived environment, if we feel the reality of our existence in relation to our environment, can we also feel nature’s destruction? Understanding of our own nature in relation to nature, has been described as an aesthetic discourse, or eco-aesthetics (ökologische Naturästhetik) by Gernot Böhme, a philosopher more currently popular among architects for his theory of architectural atmosphere. According to Böhme, nature must be recognized as our partner and we should gradually adapt to such a partner relationship. Nature is not something we have left behind in our becoming civilized; nature is us and is not ...


Tactical Urbanism As A Means Of Testing Relational Processes In Space: A Complex Systems Perspective, Sharon Wohl Aug 2017

Tactical Urbanism As A Means Of Testing Relational Processes In Space: A Complex Systems Perspective, Sharon Wohl

Architecture Publications

Too often, master planning strategies have failed to produce spaces responding to the social, cultural, and economic needs of their inhabitants. Accordingly, many planners have turned to relational strategies to redefine their practices. These tend toward methodologies that explore relational forces preceding design interventions rather than unfolding by means of design interventions. This article considers an alternative mode of understanding relational processes: one that considers tactical urban strategies theorized through the lens of complexity theory. This article argues that tactical approaches harness relational junctures in situ, effectively exploring relational configurations of cohesive urban environments. A design competition entry provides an ...


What Was So Socialist About The Socialist City? Second World Urbanity In Europe, Kimberly E. Zarecor Jun 2017

What Was So Socialist About The Socialist City? Second World Urbanity In Europe, Kimberly E. Zarecor

Architecture Publications

Socialist cities have most often been studied as manifestations of the socialist system itself, linked to the political fate of the Communist Parties in power during their design, construction, and expansion. This article revisits the socialist city and argues for the validity of the concept historically and in the present. Looking qualitatively at this distinct paradigm in Europe, two analytical frameworks are offered, infrastructural thinking and the socialist scaffold. The analysis shows that the universal aspiration for socialist cities was their continuous operation as synchronized instruments of economic production and social transformation in physical space. Distinct from capitalist cities, they ...


A Future Invested In Sustainability: Sustainable Architecture And Education In The Midwest Through The Ethical Philosophy Of Luce Irigaray, Andrea Wheeler Mar 2017

A Future Invested In Sustainability: Sustainable Architecture And Education In The Midwest Through The Ethical Philosophy Of Luce Irigaray, Andrea Wheeler

Architecture Publications

Theories of sustainable architecture that address sexual difference are rare in an architectural context, whether in the United States or Europe, and this paper proposes a critical perspective on architectural design using sustainable schools as an example and adopting the question of sexual difference. Informed by the words of young people, the philosophy of Luce Irigaray, and research carried out as part of a research project, “Iowa’s New Schools: A Future Invested in Sustainability,” this paper examines contemporary approaches to sustainable school architecture. It addresses questions of lifestyle and behavior and architects’ aims to produce energy-efficient and sustainable architecture ...


Satisfied: Feminism And The Affective Turn In Architecture, Andrea Wheeler Mar 2017

Satisfied: Feminism And The Affective Turn In Architecture, Andrea Wheeler

Architecture Publications

My name is Andrea Gibson—it’s my married name. I am an Assistant Professor at a large University in the Midwest where I teach Sustainable Architecture and am a design studio instructor. My presentation today, is entitled: ‘About architecture and affect, and experiencing feminism in architecture now’. Or perhaps it could be called, ‘Satisfied?’ And you may quickly see that I am not. To outline this talk, and due warning, I will be discussing feminism, philosophies of affect and architecture.


The Turkish Tea Garden: Exploring A "Third Space" With Cultural Resonances, Sharon Wohl Feb 2017

The Turkish Tea Garden: Exploring A "Third Space" With Cultural Resonances, Sharon Wohl

Architecture Publications

This article examines the history, use, and significance of the Turkish Tea Garden or Cay Bahcesi, positing that these gardens offer unique democratic spaces for public discourse set within the polis. The article unpacks the historical, cultural, and symbolic features of these gardens, and the role these shared spaces play in Turkey’s multivalent civic environment. It employs Ray Oldenburg’s notion of “third space” to consider how these gardens provide inclusive settings for a culturally diverse citizenry. Furthermore, the article considers how these spaces act as repositories of shared memory, mediating conflict that appears in other societal spheres. The ...


Transforming Pervasive Into Collaborative: Engaging Youth As Leaders With Gis Through A Framework That Integrates Technologies, Storytelling, And Action, Alenka Poplin, Linda Shenk, Ulrike Passe Jan 2017

Transforming Pervasive Into Collaborative: Engaging Youth As Leaders With Gis Through A Framework That Integrates Technologies, Storytelling, And Action, Alenka Poplin, Linda Shenk, Ulrike Passe

Architecture Publications

This paper presents the methods and preliminary results gained in geographic information systems (GIS)-based participatory activities designed to engage youth in urban planning. We describe our engagement framework that integrates such pervasive IT tools as GIS, online serious games, agent-based modeling, and mobile participatory GIS into engagement strategies that tap into what we see as the storytelling capabilities of these tools. We show how these methods help citizens, in our case youth, assume leadership roles and take positive, tangible actions in their communities. This paper summarizes the elements of our framework and the initial results of a program called ...


Post Occupancy Evaluation Of Sustainable Schools And Children's Ways Of Knowing: New Directions In Teaching And Research, Andrea S. Wheeler Jan 2017

Post Occupancy Evaluation Of Sustainable Schools And Children's Ways Of Knowing: New Directions In Teaching And Research, Andrea S. Wheeler

Architecture Publications

Architecture is now more than ever dominated by scientific method. This paper examines what is really at stake when designing sustainable architecture. It is a methodological study and focused on science as understood in Post Occupancy Evaluation (POE) of sustainable buildings, specifically school buildings. Questions raised in this paper include the very real problem of designing for children’s comfort and education in school architecture, but also much wider issues than simply those of the design of children’s environments.


Waiting For The Site To Show Up. Henry Luce Makes Frank Lloyd Wright America’S Greatest Architect, Daniel Naegele Jan 2017

Waiting For The Site To Show Up. Henry Luce Makes Frank Lloyd Wright America’S Greatest Architect, Daniel Naegele

Architecture Publications

Henry Luce, owner of “Life”, “Time”, “Fortune” and “Architectural Forum”, recognized Frank Lloyd Wright’s immense charisma and talent and featured both the architect and his work in all four of his renowned popular press journals in January 1938 – though clearly he did so for his own ends. Luce believed fervently in America. In 1937, the German architects Mies van der Rohe and Walter Gropius migrated to the USA to assume leadership of two of its nest schools of architecture. Luce countered this promotion of European architecture by featuring Wright in his four journals. Despite Wright’s immense unpopularity at ...


Book Review Of Píchová, Hana: The Case Of The Missing Statue: A Historical And Literary Study Of The Stalin Monument In Prague, Kimberly E. Zarecor Jan 2017

Book Review Of Píchová, Hana: The Case Of The Missing Statue: A Historical And Literary Study Of The Stalin Monument In Prague, Kimberly E. Zarecor

Architecture Publications

In this intriguing and at times frustrating study, Hana Píchová makes a compelling case for the Stalin Monument in Prague as both an object and an idea in physical space and cultural consciousness. The book came about with Píchová’s unexpected acquisition of a cache of unpublished photographs of the 1955 monument as it was slowly being demolished in 1962. Taken secretly by Josef Klimeš, the last surviving sculptor to have worked on the project, he hid them for decades since photography had been banned during the year-long demolition process. He gave them to Píchová after an interview in 2012 ...


Evocations Of Byzantium In Zenitist Avant-Garde Architecture, Jelena Bogdanović Sep 2016

Evocations Of Byzantium In Zenitist Avant-Garde Architecture, Jelena Bogdanović

Architecture Publications

The Byzantine legacy in modern architecture can be divided between a historicist, neo-Byzantine architectural style and an active investigation of the potentials of the Byzantine for a modern, explicitly nontraditional, architecture. References to Byzantium in avantgarde Eastern European architecture of the 1920s employed a modernist interpretation of the Byzantine concept of space that evoked a mode of “medieval” experience and creative practice rather than direct historical quotation. The avant-garde movement of Zenitism, a prominent visionary avant-garde movement in the Balkans, provides a case study in the ways immaterial aspects of Byzantine architecture infiltrated modernism and moved it beyond an academic ...


Considering How Morphological Traits Of Urban Fabric Create Affordances For Complex Adaptation And Emergence, Sharon Wohl Feb 2016

Considering How Morphological Traits Of Urban Fabric Create Affordances For Complex Adaptation And Emergence, Sharon Wohl

Architecture Publications

This paper examines how physical and material properties of the urban fabric help enable the evolution of programmatically coherent spatial districts. It considers how contingent and non-linear processes intertwine to manifest in the unfolding of distinct sites and territories. Drawing concepts and terminology from both evolutionary economic geography and the sciences of complexity, it emphasizes how physically situated morphological traits help underpin urban processes of self-organization and emergence.


Betimlenemeyen Nasıl Fotoğraflanır / How To Photograph The Ineffable, Daniel Naegele Jan 2016

Betimlenemeyen Nasıl Fotoğraflanır / How To Photograph The Ineffable, Daniel Naegele

Architecture Publications

Mimarisinin fotoğraflariyla, Le Corbusier perspektif mekanın otoritesini sorgulayabiliyor. Fotoğraf makinesi perspektif ile görür. Fotoğraf makinesi asla yalan söylemez? Peki ya doğruyu yansıtan bir imge perspektiften yoksun ise? Bir fotoğraf bir mekan hakkında baska türlü tahayyül edilemeyecek bir doğruyu söyleyebilir mi?

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With photographs of his architecture, Le Corbusier could call into question the authority of perspectival space. The camera sees in perspective. The camera never lies. But what if the truth-telling image were a-perspectival? Can a photograph tell a truth about a space that cannot otherwise be known?


Black Contemporary: Field Notes And Other Peculiar Deposits, Peter P. Goché Jan 2016

Black Contemporary: Field Notes And Other Peculiar Deposits, Peter P. Goché

Architecture Publications

This article addresses a dormant farm site in which a body of work is being developed in effort to examine the past character and future shape of Iowa's inherited landscape. The content of this exploration was generated in response, and as an addition, to David Heymann's essay "Precise, Anonymous, Enigmatic" published in the 1990 winter issue of Iowa Architect. In that critically perceptive article, Heymann traces the evolution of the Midwestern landscape by examining farm buildings within rural Iowa. Central to the evolution that Heymann cites is the specific topography due to wind erosion. Heymann uses this dynamic ...


The Relational Spiritual Geopolitics Of Constantinople, The Capital Of The Byzantine Empire, Jelena Bogdanović Jan 2016

The Relational Spiritual Geopolitics Of Constantinople, The Capital Of The Byzantine Empire, Jelena Bogdanović

Architecture Publications

Strategically located on a peninsula on the European side of the narrow Bosphorus strait that connects the Mediterranean and the Black Seas (by way also of the Sea of Marmara and the Dardanelles), Constantinople; the capital city of the medieval Roman Empire that we know as the Byzantine Empire (324-1453), was the largest and most thriving urban center in the Old World.1 The city was founded by the first Roman Emperor who embraced Christianity, Constantine I (d. 337), as the eponymous capital outside historically dominant urban centers and as the alternative to the city of Rome. This chapter outlines ...


Excursus On Contessa Priuli, With Postscript, Colin Rowe, Daniel Naegele Jan 2016

Excursus On Contessa Priuli, With Postscript, Colin Rowe, Daniel Naegele

Architecture Publications

I have dedicated this collection of essays to the memory of Contessa Lilian Priuli-Bon because I begin to understand that, unless I myself make notice of her, hers was a life and a sensibility – a remarkable historical intelligence – which likely will remain without record.


Space: Notes On The Thought Of Luce Irigaray, Andrea Wheeler Nov 2015

Space: Notes On The Thought Of Luce Irigaray, Andrea Wheeler

Architecture Publications

In March 2015, a conference was held in New York entitled Feminism in Architecture 2015, and subtitled, ‘We need to change our expectations. We need new models of success. We need to change what and how we teach’. I made an application, and I suggested adding to the subtitle ‘And we need an evolution in love’ (it was not accepted). And yet, the concept of affect, but not apparently affection, is a current conversation in architecture. The question of atmosphere and affect, of space and mood, has been pondered in a number of conferences recently including: Atmospheres (University of Manchester ...


Delta Dental Opens Up, Daniel J. Naegele, Main Street Photography, Opn Architects Oct 2015

Delta Dental Opens Up, Daniel J. Naegele, Main Street Photography, Opn Architects

Architecture Publications

When Delta Dental of Iowa decided to enlarge its corporate offices in Johnston, Iowa, there was little need to repeat the exhaustive search that had gone into finding an architect five years earlier. At that time, a competitive selection process and a great deal of research resulted in OPN Architects being commissioned. Delta Dental, a national insurance company, was delighted with the building OPN designed and thoroughly enjoyed working with the regional architecture firm. This made obvious the selection of an architect for the addition: No one knew the clients, the situation, or the existing building better than OPN.


Architectural Creativity & Employee Creativity, James M. Spiller, Paul Crosby, Substance Architecture Oct 2015

Architectural Creativity & Employee Creativity, James M. Spiller, Paul Crosby, Substance Architecture

Architecture Publications

For the countless travelers who hum along Interstate 80 through Iowa each day, the newly constructed Brownells Inc. building, designed by Substance Architecture, marks a distinct glimmer in the expanse at the southern edge of Grinnell. The prominent building at mile marker 182 is easily seen from both directions along I-80 due to its generous size as the company’s primary distribution center, headquarters, and new retail shop along one of the busiest national commercial corridors. The building rests on low-lying fields of prairie, extending along the interstate and anchored by a striking dark façade. At high speeds, the spacious ...


Book Review: Hendrik W. Dey, The Afterlife Of The Roman City: Architecture And Ceremony In Late Antiquity And The Early Middle Ages, Jelena Bogdanović Aug 2015

Book Review: Hendrik W. Dey, The Afterlife Of The Roman City: Architecture And Ceremony In Late Antiquity And The Early Middle Ages, Jelena Bogdanović

Architecture Publications

The latest book by Hendrik W. Dey examines the afterlife of the Roman city in the territories of the erstwhile Roman Empire until roughly the ninth century. As a scholar with multiple threads of training in classics, Dey writes his book with a strong archaeological research method that emphasizes the perseverance of urban paradigms of the Greco-Roman world beyond literary tropes or oversimplified economical and demographical analyses. The Afterlife of the Roman City looks in particular at monumental architecture and urban topography by highlighting their importance in the definition of the urban space as a place of ceremonial manifestations of ...


V. Molnár Building The State: Architecture, Politics, And State Formation In Post-War Central Europe. 2013 Routledge 210 Pp. £70.00 (Hardback), Kimberly Elman Zarecor Jun 2015

V. Molnár Building The State: Architecture, Politics, And State Formation In Post-War Central Europe. 2013 Routledge 210 Pp. £70.00 (Hardback), Kimberly Elman Zarecor

Architecture Publications

Postwar architecture in Communist Europe has a reputation for ugliness, shoddy construction, and, through its very existence, complicity with the regimes. Scholars of the built environment have been slow to initiate research on the topic because of judgments about the quality of the architecture itself, as well as an aversion to the politically charged discourse around it. In this ambitious and multidisciplinary book, sociologist Virág Molnár works against these perceptions and decisively argues that our understanding of Communism in Europe must include an analysis of the ‘transformation of the built environment,’ since this transformation ‘was politically mobilized in the service ...


Green School, Healthy School? The Role Of Children In Post-Occupancy Evaluation To Determine Indoor Air Quality In Classrooms, Andrea Wheeler, Ulrike Passe Jan 2015

Green School, Healthy School? The Role Of Children In Post-Occupancy Evaluation To Determine Indoor Air Quality In Classrooms, Andrea Wheeler, Ulrike Passe

Architecture Publications

Issues of internal and external air pollution, common diseases afflicting children, and concerns for optimizing learning potential are all important factors to consider in post-occupancy evaluations of air quality in schools. However, children’s perspectives on air quality are largely overlooked. Developing an appropriate methodology to include children is both important and institutionally difficult. This paper examines child-friendly methods of conducting post-occupancy examination of indoor air quality in school settings. It proposes interdisciplinary work on post-occupancy methodologies, engaging with social-science literature on research with children. The paper identifies barriers to the development of an inclusive post-occupancy methodology that can collect ...


The Grand Bazaar In Istanbul: The Emergent Unfolding Of A Complex Adaptive System, Sharon Wohl Jan 2015

The Grand Bazaar In Istanbul: The Emergent Unfolding Of A Complex Adaptive System, Sharon Wohl

Architecture Publications

The Grand Bazaar in Istanbul offers an example of a physical environment containing specific districts that have emerged over time. This paper theorizes that the Grand Bazaar exhibits the characteristics of a Complex Adaptive System. Then, it considers specific urban elements found in the Bazaar, in light of complexity theory, to see how these facilitate processes that lead to the emergence of contiguous districts. This study repurposes Kevin Lynch’s categorization of urban elements to provide a useful framework for discussing complexity theory. This research is further informed by economic analysis derived from Evolutionary Economic Geography, which examines the emergence ...


Madness And Method In The Junkerhaus: The Creation And Reception Of A Singular Residence In Modern Germany, Mikesch W. Muecke, Nathaniel R. Walker Jan 2015

Madness And Method In The Junkerhaus: The Creation And Reception Of A Singular Residence In Modern Germany, Mikesch W. Muecke, Nathaniel R. Walker

Architecture Publications

The Junkerhaus in Lemgo, Germany, is very eccentric, even rather eerie. Slowly built by the reclusive architect Karl Junker over the late 1800s and early 1900s, it was whittled and carved into existence, its textures knobby and web-like, its walls andfurnishings coated in uncanny forms and dreamy images. Fordecades after the death of Junker, rumors of his insanity werecited to explain the form of his home. These rumors were notmerely local legend, but rather were bound up in a strain of early Modernist discourse that sought to theorize and celebrate the art of the mentally ill. In recent years, a ...


Book Reviews: Designing Tito's Capital: Urban Planning, Modernism, And Socialism In Belgrade, Kimberly E. Zarecor Jan 2015

Book Reviews: Designing Tito's Capital: Urban Planning, Modernism, And Socialism In Belgrade, Kimberly E. Zarecor

Architecture Publications

In this history of New Belgrade, historian Brigitte Le Normand writes one of the first comprehensive municipal-level case studies of a postwar socialist urban planning project. The book chronicles the development of a new urban district within the capital city of Belgrade from the first modernist plans for the area just after World War II through several stages of stop-and-go development that finally accelerated in the late 1960s with the construction of both official housing blocks and informal settlements. The text highlights the difficulties encountered by urban planners, residents, and the local government to agree on the project's goals ...


Exploring The Use Of New School Buildings Through Post-Occupancy Evaluation And Participatory Action Research, Andrea Wheeler, Masoud Malekzadeh Jan 2015

Exploring The Use Of New School Buildings Through Post-Occupancy Evaluation And Participatory Action Research, Andrea Wheeler, Masoud Malekzadeh

Architecture Publications

This paper presents the results of the development and testing of an integrated post-occupancy evaluation (POE) approach for teachers, staff, pupils and community members using newly constructed school buildings. It focusses on three cases of UK secondary schools, demonstrating how users can be inspired to engage with the problems of school design and energy use awareness. The cases provided new insights into the engagement of school teachers, staff and young people regarding issues of sustainability, management, functional performance and comfort. The integrative approach adopted in these cases provided a more holistic understanding of these buildings’ performance than could have been ...


Une Entrevista Con Lucien Hervé, Daniel J. Naegele Jan 2015

Une Entrevista Con Lucien Hervé, Daniel J. Naegele

Architecture Publications

Figura fundamental de la arquitectura del siglo xx, Le Corbusier construyó menos de sesenta edificios y publicó más de cincuenta libros. Estos libros son tanto verbales como visuales y se apoyan fundamentalmente en textos ilustrativos compuestos en gran medida de fotografías. En el pasquín publicitario que anunciaba en 1922 la inminente publicación de Hacia una arquitectura, Le Corbusier se jactaba: “Este libro debe su elocuencia a los nuevos medios; sus magníficas ilustraciones presentan enfrentado un discurso paralelo de gran fuerza”. El libro se convirtió en el manifiesto arquitectónico más influyente de este siglo y el uso específico de la imagen ...


Touch My Axis - Vers Une Architecture Before, L'Espace Indicible After, Daniel J. Naegele Jan 2015

Touch My Axis - Vers Une Architecture Before, L'Espace Indicible After, Daniel J. Naegele

Architecture Publications

In 1946, shortly after the end of the Second World War and as the rebuilding of Europe began, in a special issue of a professional architectural journal dedicated to the synthesis of the arts, Le Corbusier, perhaps the world's most influential architect at the time, published a short, seemingly innocuous treatise titled "L'espace indicible." It opens with the author recognizing nature's "harmonious orchestration of space" as entirely phenomenal, as "the reflection of light." Ineffable space is, Le Corbusier writes, a "vibration" between the "action of the work (architecture, statue, or painting)" and the "reaction of the setting ...