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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Sowing The Seeds Of Growth: A Study On Schenectady, Ny’S Food Desert, Kelsey M. Ling Jan 2020

Sowing The Seeds Of Growth: A Study On Schenectady, Ny’S Food Desert, Kelsey M. Ling

Architecture Theses

Humanity, it seems has always struggled to find a balance between human comfort and other factors, such as environmental and political factors. Sometimes even when our intentions are good, they are not enough to meet basic human needs. A common worldview of many living in the United States is that a lack of food is a third-world problem, but this is some- what of a falacy. Food availability varies greatly from one part of the US to another.

Many issues can contribute to a lack of food. For example, out west water shortages sometimes create crop shortages. Cities such as ...


Citizens Of God's Little Acre: The Lives And Landscapes Of African Americans In Newport During The Colonial Era, Marjorie Drew Sep 2019

Citizens Of God's Little Acre: The Lives And Landscapes Of African Americans In Newport During The Colonial Era, Marjorie Drew

Historic Preservation Theses

The purpose of this research is to discover biographical information, community interactions, and property ownership regarding the enslaved and emancipated individuals interred in God’s Little Acre Cemetery in Newport, Rhode Island. This research will further the understanding of how the African and African American community contributed to the development and cultural landscape within Newport. God’s Little Acre Cemetery is one of the oldest African American cemeteries in the United States and is the foundation for this research. The history of slavery and the stories of the enslaved Africans and their emancipated descendants within New England have been discussed ...


Marlborough Street, Newport, Ri: A Cultural Landscape Analysis, Arianna C. Marchetti Sep 2019

Marlborough Street, Newport, Ri: A Cultural Landscape Analysis, Arianna C. Marchetti

Historic Preservation Capstone Projects

Marlborough Street in the downtown district of Newport, Rhode Island is a historically and culturally rich area of the city. It is home to several noteworthy historic structures, some of which date back to the seventeenth century. Despite its unique character, its history has remained obscure. This report aims to answer why the history of Marlborough Street is not as recognized as it should be. Its goal is to provide readers with a detailed history of its existence from the seventeenth century to present day. It will then conduct a cultural landscape analysis by examining the existing conditions of the ...


The Renaissance Of Worcester’S Canal District: A Post Industrial Revitalization, Vincent Pacifico Sep 2019

The Renaissance Of Worcester’S Canal District: A Post Industrial Revitalization, Vincent Pacifico

Architecture Theses

If we carefully analyze what exists currently in our industrial neighborhoods, we see that they all have very close proximity to our existing transportation systems. What used to be utilized for shipping raw materials and manufactured goods can be now used for commuting to and from other cities on a public transportation system. Many of these 19th and 20th century buildings in these neighborhoods are perfect spaces which we can start to use for modern day working, living and commercial space. By looking at ways in which we can reuse and incorporate these older buildings into a 21st century development ...


Linking Space: A Transit Oriented Design, Jessica Vara Sep 2019

Linking Space: A Transit Oriented Design, Jessica Vara

Architecture Theses

I propose to impact change for people and planet by architecting a community within a dense living space that is sustainable by means of public transportation that would enable travel to all essential activities as well as many leisurely places, events, stores, shopping centers and theaters. The carefully planned and architected ecosystem would blend commodities of life with dense living spaces to provide a self- sustaining community within a city. People who work outside of the ecosystem could utilize it by connecting through branches of the public transportation system. People who live within the ecosystem could depend on various means ...


The Dream Work Of Sigmund Freud, John S. Hendrix Jan 2019

The Dream Work Of Sigmund Freud, John S. Hendrix

Architecture, Art, and Historic Preservation Faculty Publications

There are many correspondences between Freudian metapsychology and Plotinian metaphysics. Many of Freud’s ideas seem to be rooted in classical philosophy, although acknowledgement is rarely given. Plotinus is a fruitful source for understanding how the mind works. For Freud, unconscious words become conscious images, and unconscious images become conscious words, but these processes do not happen independently of each other. They are wrapped up in a dialectical process that is better understood by reading Plotinus.


Language And Perception In Plotinus, John S. Hendrix Jan 2019

Language And Perception In Plotinus, John S. Hendrix

Architecture, Art, and Historic Preservation Faculty Publications

I will argue that in the thought of Plotinus, how we perceive the world around us is determined by how we use language.


Robert Grosseteste: Optics And Perception, John S. Hendrix Jan 2019

Robert Grosseteste: Optics And Perception, John S. Hendrix

Architecture, Art, and Historic Preservation Faculty Publications

In De Luce seu de inchoatione formarum, the treatise on light written between 1225 and 1228, Grosseteste explains that light is the first corporeal form, the origin of matter.


Theories Of Perception In Renaissance Humanism, John S. Hendrix Jan 2019

Theories Of Perception In Renaissance Humanism, John S. Hendrix

Architecture, Art, and Historic Preservation Faculty Publications

The hypostases of being consist of the terrestrial world of corporeal forms, dense, intertwined and in shadow; then the rationalization of the corporeal forms in the angelic mind; and finally the resolution of the forms in their absolute archetypal unity. The hypostases of being are modelled in the Universal Figure of Nicolas Cusanus, with the three figures of body, soul and mind inscribed in each of the three levels of the hierarchy, containing the nine choruses of Pseudo-Dionysius in the celestial hierarchies, representing the structure of the universe, as illustrated in a diagram, “Quator dictarum Monadum Schematica explicatio,” in Kircher ...


Immanuel Kant: Philosophy Of Perception, John S. Hendrix Jan 2019

Immanuel Kant: Philosophy Of Perception, John S. Hendrix

Architecture, Art, and Historic Preservation Faculty Publications

In an early treatise, Attempt to Introduce the Concept of Negative Magnitudes into Philosophy (Versuch, den Begriff der negative Grössen in die Weltweisheit einzuführen, 1763), Immanuel Kant developed a theory about thoughts that are fleeting, negated or cancelled, obscured or darkened. As certain thoughts become clearer, the other thoughts become less clear and more obscured (Verdunkelt). Kant’s concept was influenced by the petites perceptions of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz. He invoked Leibniz in establishing that only a small portion of the representations which occur in the soul, as the result of sense perception, are clear and enduring.


Philosophy Of Perception In Hegel, John S. Hendrix Jan 2019

Philosophy Of Perception In Hegel, John S. Hendrix

Architecture, Art, and Historic Preservation Faculty Publications

According to Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel in the Introductory Lectures on Aesthetics (The Introduction to Hegel’s Philosophy of Fine Art, 1886), beauty in art is a higher beauty than that of nature, because beauty in art is a product of the mind, or spirit, the intellectual rather than the sensory. In the Symposium of Plato, when the initiate learns to love all beautiful bodies rather than just one body, to “pursue the beauty of form” (210) rather than the beauty of the body, to turn away from the “low and small-minded slav-ery” of love for the beauty of a ...


Jacques Lacan And Language, John S. Hendrix Jan 2019

Jacques Lacan And Language, John S. Hendrix

Architecture, Art, and Historic Preservation Faculty Publications

According to Jacques Marie Emile Lacan in Écrits, the metonymic chain in language produces signification at a point which is the “anchoring point,” the point de capiton or button hole, which occurs retroactively, after the phrase is completed, and is the point at which the network of signifiers in the metonymic chain corresponds to a network of signifiers in the concept, the idea of mouth or river, for example, and thus accomplishes signification.


The Imaginary And Symbolic Of Jacques Lacan, John S. Hendrix Jan 2019

The Imaginary And Symbolic Of Jacques Lacan, John S. Hendrix

Architecture, Art, and Historic Preservation Faculty Publications

The principal categories of Lacanian psychoanalysis in the structuring of the psyche are the imaginary, the symbolic, and the real. The imaginary (imaginaire) refers to perceived or imagined images in conscious and unconscious thought, sensible and intelligible forms; picture thinking (Vorstellung), dream images or manifest content, and conscious ego in discursive thought. The symbolic (symbolique) refers to the signifying order, signifiers, in language, which determine the subject; it refers to the unconscious, and the intellectual, the logos endiathetos and the logos prophorikos. It is the relation between the imaginary and symbolic in conscious and unconscious thought which is the core ...


The Real And The Gaze Of Jacques Lacan, John S. Hendrix Jan 2019

The Real And The Gaze Of Jacques Lacan, John S. Hendrix

Architecture, Art, and Historic Preservation Faculty Publications

The third category of the psyche in Lacanian psychoanalysis is the real (réel), which is neither imaginary nor symbolic in conscious or unconscious thought, and which is inaccessible to psychoanalysis itself. The real is not reality in either a conceptual or phenomenological sense, which is the symbolic and the imaginary: it is only proposed as an algebraic concept, as it cannot be conceived.


The Other Of Jacques Lacan, John S. Hendrix Jan 2019

The Other Of Jacques Lacan, John S. Hendrix

Architecture, Art, and Historic Preservation Faculty Publications

Language in the symbolic of Lacan is defined by the Other, which is the “intersubjectivity of the ‘we’ that it assumes,” as described in Écrits. The subject enters language in relationship to the other in perception, the per-ceived object or person, as recognized by the other. As described by Lacan, “What constitutes me as subject is my question. In order to be recognized by the other, I utter what was only in view of what will be [the future ante-rior of what I shall have been for what I am in the process of becoming].”


Saving Face: Adaptive Reuse Of A Twentieth-Century Psychiatric Center, Taylor M. Hughes Jan 2019

Saving Face: Adaptive Reuse Of A Twentieth-Century Psychiatric Center, Taylor M. Hughes

Architecture Theses

As humans, architects have their own prejudices and beliefs, and often times, those can affect their work, particularly when designing such facilities that were historically stigmatized. My thesis looks at one typology in particular - psychiatric centers, formerly known as asylums and mental hospitals. The life cycles of their architecture can be looked at in three parts: their uses, their abandonment and their futures.

The psychiatric centers of the nineteenth century were designed to be comfortable and humane, offering fresh air and sunlight to all residents, sometimes even teaching skills and trades to the residents. However, the layout of such campuses ...


Design By Rwu Professor’S Architectural Firm Among Finalists For Mlk Memorial In Boston, Juan Siliezar Sep 2018

Design By Rwu Professor’S Architectural Firm Among Finalists For Mlk Memorial In Boston, Juan Siliezar

Featured News Story

RWU Professor of Architecture Julian Bonder’s architectural firm is among five finalists to design a multimillion-dollar memorial to Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. and Coretta Scott King on the Boston Common.


A Behind The Scenes Look At Building An Architecture Model, Juan Siliezar Sep 2018

A Behind The Scenes Look At Building An Architecture Model, Juan Siliezar

Featured News Story

On weekdays during the summer, Gabrielle Porter '20 spent most of her time focused on perfection. It came with the nature of her internship at a small architecture firm consistently ranked among the top in the nation where her main responsibility was building scaled models of the some of the firms current architecture projects.


Marching Toward The Finish​, Juan Siliezar May 2018

Marching Toward The Finish​, Juan Siliezar

Featured News Story

A quick look at the work master's of architecture students are presenting as part of their graduate thesis.


Draft Programmatic Agreement For Buildings And Structures At Cold War Era Dedicated Instrumentation Sites: White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico, Phillip S. Esser Jan 2018

Draft Programmatic Agreement For Buildings And Structures At Cold War Era Dedicated Instrumentation Sites: White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico, Phillip S. Esser

Historic Preservation Capstone Projects

Since 1966, when the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) was signed into law, federal agencies have been required to consider their impact to known or potential historic resources under their jurisdiction. As a potentially costly and onerous process for large government installations such as the military, the law allows for procedures known as “program alternatives” which allow federal agencies to streamline the requirements for inventorying and evaluating categories of, or similar resources (in this case, buildings and structures) for their potential as historic resources.

This Capstone project seeks to capture a category of such resources, building and structures at Cold ...


The Democratic Architecture Of George W. Maher: A Preservation Perspective, Cody Chase Jan 2018

The Democratic Architecture Of George W. Maher: A Preservation Perspective, Cody Chase

Historic Preservation Theses

As a branch of the international Arts and Crafts Movement, American Prairie Style architecture was a nostalgic ode to the horizontality and natural landscape of the Midwestern prairie and a departure from European design. Today, the work of Frank Lloyd Wright and Louis Sullivan comprise the most memorable examples of the era, leaving a considerable number of architects largely understudied. One of these architects was the prolific theoretician and designer George W. Maher.

Ambitious from a young age, Maher had his own firm by his mid-twenties and produced over 160 structures in his thirty-eight-year career. During that time he was ...


Preserving Historic Qilou Districts In Southern China: Consideration Of Western Models, Qiming Li Jan 2018

Preserving Historic Qilou Districts In Southern China: Consideration Of Western Models, Qiming Li

Historic Preservation Theses

The historic qilou buildings are essential to the people in Southern China. Unfortunately, due to some of the urban renewal policies, many of the qilou districts have been either demolished or abandoned. For years, many scholars had written books and articles about how to preserve these significant historic urban elements. However, these studies failed to include examinations of the historic preservation program in other countries or the existing ones in China. This thesis was written in the hope of filling the gap. This study discusses the historical developments of the qilou buildings and their significances in four selected cities: Guangzhou ...


The Andrews Complex Development Feasability Study For Newport Art House’S “Residency 2020” Project, Tracy Jonsson Jan 2018

The Andrews Complex Development Feasability Study For Newport Art House’S “Residency 2020” Project, Tracy Jonsson

Historic Preservation Theses

This paper is a needs-driven feasibility study for acquiring and rehabilitating the Andrews Complex, located at 7-10 Fir Street, Newport RI for use in Newport Art House’s Residency 2020 Project.

Newport Art House (NAH) commissioned this study responding to the need for affordable housing and studios within Newport’s artist community in the face of social change resulting from years of municipal economic investment in seasonal tourism. The Residency 2020 Project is one solution addressing equity, sustainability, and community authenticity issues identified by the City of Newport. It is an example of innovation at the intersection of historic preservation ...


Where Do We Go From Here? Best Practices For Adapting Historic Buildings For Climate Resiliency In Newport, Rhode Island, Olivia Katherine Needham Jan 2018

Where Do We Go From Here? Best Practices For Adapting Historic Buildings For Climate Resiliency In Newport, Rhode Island, Olivia Katherine Needham

Historic Preservation Theses

When looking to the future, it is hard to ignore the significant effects climate change will have on our historic built environment. Roughly 2,459.32 acres of land throughout the historic City of Newport, Rhode Island fall within the hundred-year floodplain associated with sea level rise. Through examination of precedents in Louisiana and Charleston, South Carolina, this study analyzes best practices and government policies for adapting historic structures to be more climate-change resilient. The goal is to identify best practices from the precedent areas and use them as guidance for the creation of new initiatives to protect historic structures ...


Becoming The Preservation Executive Director: A Journey Through The Educational And Professional Development Of Preservation Nonprofit Leaders, Allison G. Bacon Jan 2018

Becoming The Preservation Executive Director: A Journey Through The Educational And Professional Development Of Preservation Nonprofit Leaders, Allison G. Bacon

Historic Preservation Theses

Historic preservation executive directors are tasked with using their preservation skills and knowledge to preserve and protect the built environment. However, they are also responsible for running a business, in the form of nonprofit organization, where they manage people, projects and budgets to keep the organization functioning. This thesis explores the necessary knowledge, skills, abilities, and other characteristics (KSAOCs) required of historic preservation executive directors to lead preservation nonprofits using the method of job analysis. Preservation graduate programs and educational standards are analyzed to demonstrate the gap in preservation academic programs to prepare professionals to lead nonprofit organizations. Recommendations are ...


New England Pathway To Recovery: Drug And Alcohol Addiction Treatment Center Around Nature In Rocky Hill, Connecticut, Michael P. Lombardi Jr. Jan 2018

New England Pathway To Recovery: Drug And Alcohol Addiction Treatment Center Around Nature In Rocky Hill, Connecticut, Michael P. Lombardi Jr.

Architecture Theses

In the United States, particularly in New England region, there has been an increase in drug overdoses. This drug epidemic includes an escalation in heroin use and rise in the number of opioid deaths each year. In order to improve the situation there needs to be a change in the way individuals with drug and addiction problems receive treatment through counseling and therapy, as well as other programs and activities. This change would create a positive influence and make the world a better place and allow everyone to enjoy life everyday.

The purpose of this project is to create drug ...


Snacking In Bed: Blending Residential And Agricultural Typologies, Taylor Chin Jan 2018

Snacking In Bed: Blending Residential And Agricultural Typologies, Taylor Chin

Architecture Theses

The project will explore the generation of a productive residence in an urban setting. The thesis analyzes the cultural conditions of such a building and how it might fit into the urban fabric of a city. In addition, it will investigate the scaling of such a building and how a plot of land will answer to population density as well as agricultural use. A standardized set of building layers will be clearly defined as a rationale for designing a building that conforms to the site and cultural concerns. The summation of these considerations and intents will be a building that ...


Designing Efficiently For Natural Disaster Relief: Cultural Integration And Prevention Methods, Bryan Smith Jan 2018

Designing Efficiently For Natural Disaster Relief: Cultural Integration And Prevention Methods, Bryan Smith

Architecture Theses

Our world is more separated now than it has ever been. We pride ourselves on the technologies that we create, and the feats that we have accomplished, but we seldom stop to think about what the implications are. More than often we design to fit what we think we “need”, however, we need to design and build to a better future.

Natural disasters have become something that designers cannot ignore anymore due to the fact that nearly one tenth of the world’s population lives in low lying coastal areas and the rising sea levels are being seen throughout the ...


Impermanence Materialized: Exploration Of Temporary Architecture At The Kumbh Mela In Allahabad, India, Taylor Sutherland Jan 2018

Impermanence Materialized: Exploration Of Temporary Architecture At The Kumbh Mela In Allahabad, India, Taylor Sutherland

Architecture Theses

This thesis project will explore and implement a system of structure and construction that can be assembled and disassembled with extremely efficient labor and production of materials. The design and specifications will engage lightweight, sustainable materials, a system of spaces or buildings can be erected, deconstructed, and transported efficiently. Locally sourced materials contribute to both the constructability and authenticity of the architecture. Especially in projects that can be applied to multiple sites, it is imperative that the context and vernacular are considered and respected.


Community Connections: Relief Through Athletics, Joshua Arthur Jan 2018

Community Connections: Relief Through Athletics, Joshua Arthur

Architecture Theses

A sports based recreation facility can significantly enhance the quality of life in a community. Activities held within these facilities can encourage participation, promote health and well-being, and foster a sense of community and togetherness. Today with crime and obesity being increasingly troublesome in the US a space focused on athletics, health, and wellness would allow for kids to have a plethora of activities to do after school and on weekends. There they can make friends, learn about health, and stay off of the streets. Sports and recreation can demonstrate and contribute to the sustainable use of natural resources. They ...