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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Resilient Micropolitan Areas In The Face Of Economic Shocks: A Stakeholder Collective Capacity Perspective, Cristina Poleacovschi, Arielle True-Funk, Monica A. Haddad, David J. Peters Feb 2021

Resilient Micropolitan Areas In The Face Of Economic Shocks: A Stakeholder Collective Capacity Perspective, Cristina Poleacovschi, Arielle True-Funk, Monica A. Haddad, David J. Peters

Community and Regional Planning Publications

Micropolitan areas (between 10,000 and 50,000 people) are not immune to economic shocks that threaten their vitality. Factors related to economic shocks can range from local companies leaving a town or national economic crises affecting local economies. Using the perspective of local micropolitan area stakeholders, this research seeks to identify why certain micropolitan areas recover from an economic shock while others do not. The research included the case study of two micropolitan areas in the U.S. Midwest (one resilient and one vulnerable), based on 22 interviews with key stakeholders representing diverse for-profit and government organizations. Our results ...


Som’S Computer Group: Narratives Of Women In Early Architectural Computing, Shelby Elizabeth Doyle, Nick S. Senske Aug 2020

Som’S Computer Group: Narratives Of Women In Early Architectural Computing, Shelby Elizabeth Doyle, Nick S. Senske

Architecture Publications

Cultural narratives of digital technology in architecture rely heavily upon stories of unique, almost always male, genius and often deny the collective intellectual labor of technology’s construction. These narratives are perpetuated by a historical record which does not fully address the contributions of women to the history of digital technology. Because this history is not well-documented, there is an opportunity to represent these events in a manner which is more inclusive and equitable. Toward that end, this article focuses on narratives from the SOM Computing Group (1964–1990), as a means of correcting the historical record and addressing gender ...


Triconch Churches Sponsored By Serbian And Wallachian Nobility, Jelena Bogdanović Aug 2020

Triconch Churches Sponsored By Serbian And Wallachian Nobility, Jelena Bogdanović

Architecture Publications

Architectural activities of remarkable quality continued to thrive north of Byzantium under the sponsorship of Serbian and Wallachian nobility long after the fall of Byzantium and occasionally even in territories under Ottoman rule.1 As suggested by Slobodan Ćurčić, triconch domed churches, which have been enduring examples of Middle Byzantine architecture and especially of monastic architecture on Mount Athos, shaped notions of an Orthodox Christian identity shared by Serbs and Wallachians, as opposed to the Islamic architecture of the Ottoman Turks.2 Interest in triconch domed churches in the Balkans started with the studies of the French archeologist and historian ...


The Marseilles Unité & Le Corbusier’S Edicts Governing Photography, Daniel J. Naegele Aug 2020

The Marseilles Unité & Le Corbusier’S Edicts Governing Photography, Daniel J. Naegele

Architecture Publications

The photographic representation of the Marseilles apartment block is indicative of these postwar changes. A key component of the urban vision put forth in Le Corbusier’s 1935 La Ville radieuse, the Unité d’Habitation, was the fruit of thirty years of speculation regarding collective living. It was offered as solution to the worldwide housing shortage that had been brought on by the destruction of the war and the postwar population boom. Like much of Le Corbusier’s earlier work, it was proposed as a ‘standard type’ and was intended to be reproduced throughout the world. It would be one ...


An Urban Modelling Framework For Climate Resilience In Low-Resource Neighbourhoods, Ulrike Passe, Michael C. Dorneich, Caroline Krejci, Diba Malekpour Koupaei, Breanna Marmur, Linda Shenk, Jacklin Stonewall, Janette Thompson, Yuyu Zhou Jul 2020

An Urban Modelling Framework For Climate Resilience In Low-Resource Neighbourhoods, Ulrike Passe, Michael C. Dorneich, Caroline Krejci, Diba Malekpour Koupaei, Breanna Marmur, Linda Shenk, Jacklin Stonewall, Janette Thompson, Yuyu Zhou

Architecture Publications

Climate predictions indicate a strong likelihood of more frequent, intense heat events. Resource-vulnerable, low-income neighbourhood populations are likely to be strongly impacted by future climate change, especially with respect to an energy burden. In order to identify existing and new vulnerabilities to climate change, local authorities need to understand the dynamics of extreme heat events at the neighbourhood level, particularly to identify those people who are adversely affected. A new comprehensive framework is presented that integrates human and biophysical data: occupancy/behaviour, building energy use, future climate scenarios and near-building microclimate projections. The framework is used to create an urban ...


Promoting Graduate And Professional Attributes By Coordinating Kolbian Reflections For Industrial Design., Mani Mina, J. Cowan, Nicholas D. Fila, Wei S. Theh Jun 2020

Promoting Graduate And Professional Attributes By Coordinating Kolbian Reflections For Industrial Design., Mani Mina, J. Cowan, Nicholas D. Fila, Wei S. Theh

Industrial Design Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

This work features challenges of using integrated reflections in undergraduate Industrial Design and Engineering. Reflection activities can be challenging for the students and hard to implement in design and engineering classes. This report has two goals. The first is to introduce a process for more successful engagement for the students in problem solving and design. The second is to show that the process has validity and usefulness for Industrial Design students who are in a College of Design.


Residential Income Segregation And Commuting In A Latin American City, Monica A. Haddad Apr 2020

Residential Income Segregation And Commuting In A Latin American City, Monica A. Haddad

Community and Regional Planning Publications

Numerous urban dwellers worldwide still live under residential segregation, which can act “as a poverty trap with job restrictions” (UN-Habitat, 2016, p. 79). Residential segregation occurs in a geographic space where individuals with similar socio-economic characteristics, such as income, are living close to each other and cut off from individuals of different socio-economic features. A clear understanding of the consequences that residential segregation has on poor people’s urban economic mobility is imperative to ensure that they move out of poverty. This is a pressing challenge for cities around the world, urging policy makers to deliver alternative solutions about planning-related ...


Book Review: Advancing Equity Planning Now, Monica A. Haddad Feb 2020

Book Review: Advancing Equity Planning Now, Monica A. Haddad

Community and Regional Planning Publications

“One [way] is to put into place arranged ideas, the other is to deal with a country of people, of flesh and blood, of thousand-and-many miseries… With luck, you won’t have to choose between the two” (João Guimarães Rosa, Grande sertão: veredas). This quote captures the essence of Advancing Equity Planning Now, a book edited by Norman Krumholz and Kathryn Wertheim Hexter. The book contains chapters about equity planning from local, regional, and national perspectives in the U.S., with a view to the future. In Krumholz and Hexter’s words “equity planning tries to provide more choices for ...


The Wendingen Edition: What Frank Lloyd Wright Wanted Holland To Know In 1925, Daniel J. Naegele Jan 2020

The Wendingen Edition: What Frank Lloyd Wright Wanted Holland To Know In 1925, Daniel J. Naegele

Architecture Publications

‘I believe that Holland will go far along the line of architecture; it is there that the architects seem to have taken root in my work,’ Frank Lloyd Wright told his wife-to-be Olgivanna on the day in 1925 that the Wendingen Edition arrived at Taliesin.1 And to this he added, ‘the enlightened minority does seem at this time to be strongest in Holland.’


A Two-State Stochastic Residential Building Occupancy Model Based On The American Time-Use Survey Data, Diba Malekpour Koupaei, Ulrike Passe Jan 2020

A Two-State Stochastic Residential Building Occupancy Model Based On The American Time-Use Survey Data, Diba Malekpour Koupaei, Ulrike Passe

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Conference Presentations and Proceedings

Misrepresentative occupancy schedules cause uncertainty in building energy simulations which often results in an undesired gap between actual performance and predictions. To address this issue, stochastic building occupancy models, which commonly use time-use surveys (TUS) as their input, have been proposed as a replacement for the conventional generic static schedules. This paper describes the development of a two-state stochastic occupancy model based on the 2017 American TUS (ATUS) that takes account of differences between weekdays and weekends. In this model, survey respondents were clustered based on the number of residents in their households and a first-order Markov-Chain technique was used ...


Lifetime Energy Performance Of Residential Buildings: A Sensitivity Analysis Of Energy Modeling Parameters, Diba Malekpour Koupaei, Manon Geraudin, Ulrike Passe Jan 2020

Lifetime Energy Performance Of Residential Buildings: A Sensitivity Analysis Of Energy Modeling Parameters, Diba Malekpour Koupaei, Manon Geraudin, Ulrike Passe

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Conference Presentations and Proceedings

Traditional building energy simulation tools often assess performance as a function of the unique climate, physical characteristics, and operational parameters that define specific buildings and communities, planned or existing. This paper presents the results of a sensitivity analysis on the input parameters (relating to both the building and climate) that affect the annual energy consumption loads of an existing residential neighborhood in the U.S. Midwest over the anticipated service life of its buildings using the Urban Modeling Interface (umi). Accordingly, first, the effect of multiple building construction characteristic packages and inclusion of outdoor vegetation, are investigated under typical meteorological ...


Quantitative Analysis Of Social Force In The Processes Of Settlement Aggregation, Rong Du, Chiu-Shui Chan Dec 2019

Quantitative Analysis Of Social Force In The Processes Of Settlement Aggregation, Rong Du, Chiu-Shui Chan

Architecture Publications

Despite its close connection to many of the problems related to uncloaking hidden structures of settlement aggregation in China, researchers have shown limited interest in quantifying and analyzing the social force. In this study, a sociogram approach for studying the social force in settlement aggregation was proposed and tested. Genealogies in different historic periods were used as the raw data for tracking blood relationships. The strengths of the approaches are the extraction and visualization of historical sources. Social force represents the effect of the environment on the behavior of person, and it evokes the people's motivation to act as ...


Making Nature Present: Frank Lloyd Wright’S Magazine House In Iowa, Daniel J. Naegele Oct 2019

Making Nature Present: Frank Lloyd Wright’S Magazine House In Iowa, Daniel J. Naegele

Architecture Publications

In 1945, as the war in Europe came to an end, popular press journals throughout America featured designs for houses to be built rapidly and inexpensively for returning solider and their future families. Frank Lloyd Wright, at the time seventy-eight years old, understood this need as an opportunity to populate the nation with his novel design for what he called "the little American house". Wright believed the domestic environment should be "organic" and "natural" and that each house, no matter how small, should be custom-fitted to its site. But the great demand for houses suggested they not be custom-fitted to ...


Trumping Development: Selective Delinking And Coercive Governmentality In Us–Africa Relations, Francis Owusu, Ricardo Reboredo, Padraig Carmody Oct 2019

Trumping Development: Selective Delinking And Coercive Governmentality In Us–Africa Relations, Francis Owusu, Ricardo Reboredo, Padraig Carmody

Community and Regional Planning Publications

Globalization is one of the most important socioeconomic processes of recent decades, but it has elicited a reactionary backlash in some countries, leading to calls for reform. President Trump's rise to power in the United States and his determination to rewrite his country's involvement in globalization have brought substantial changes to foreign policy, including the US–Africa relationship. His administration's policies appear undeveloped, but we can determine distinct trends and tendencies. This article examines the effects of these policies on Africa to argue that they go beyond a return to the benign neglect shown by many US ...


Housing Recovery Through Social Capital: Puerto Rico After Hurricane Maria, Jessica Talbot, Cristina Poleacovschi, Sara Hamideh, Carlos S. Rivera Jun 2019

Housing Recovery Through Social Capital: Puerto Rico After Hurricane Maria, Jessica Talbot, Cristina Poleacovschi, Sara Hamideh, Carlos S. Rivera

Community and Regional Planning Proceedings, Papers, and Posters

Puerto Rico was devastated by Hurricane Maria on September 20, 2017. Due to a delayed and insufficient official response from the local and federal governments and other aid agencies, the effects are still crippling more than a year after the event. When official response networks failed, communities often engaged in informal reconstruction processes to facilitate their recovery. This research seeks to explain why certain communities were effective in reconstructing on their own and uses social capital theory as the theoretical framework. This study was conducted in four municipalities in Puerto Rico (Adjuntas, Barranquitas, Loíza, and Utuado). A mixed methods approach ...


Integrative Modeling Of Housing Recovery As A Physical, Economic, And Social Process, Elaina J. Sutley, Sara Hamideh, Maria K. Dillard, Donghwan Gu, Kijin Seong, John W. Van De Lindt May 2019

Integrative Modeling Of Housing Recovery As A Physical, Economic, And Social Process, Elaina J. Sutley, Sara Hamideh, Maria K. Dillard, Donghwan Gu, Kijin Seong, John W. Van De Lindt

Community and Regional Planning Proceedings, Papers, and Posters

This paper presents a novel approach to modeling housing recovery through the formulation of recovery-based fragility functions built on empirical data collected longitudinally after a recent flood disaster. Previous community resilience frameworks have not addressed social and economic considerations in engineering-based recovery modeling. In doing so, this work takes an important step forward, advancing the use of probability and statistics in civil engineering applications and facilitating their role in interdisciplinary analysis of post-disaster recovery. To address community housing recovery after a flood event, two recovery-based limit states were analyzed: repair completion and re-occupancy. Two least squares regression models identified the ...


Flood Performance And Dislocation Assessment For Lumberton Homes After Hurricane Matthew, Derya Deniz, Elaina J. Sutley, John W. Van De Lindt, Walter G. Peacock, Nathanael Rosenheim, Donghwan Gu, Judith Mitrani-Reiser, Maria Dillard, Maria Koliou, Sara Hamideh May 2019

Flood Performance And Dislocation Assessment For Lumberton Homes After Hurricane Matthew, Derya Deniz, Elaina J. Sutley, John W. Van De Lindt, Walter G. Peacock, Nathanael Rosenheim, Donghwan Gu, Judith Mitrani-Reiser, Maria Dillard, Maria Koliou, Sara Hamideh

Community and Regional Planning Proceedings, Papers, and Posters

In order to better understand community resilience following a disaster, a multidisciplinary research team from the Center of Excellence (CoE) for Risk-Based Community Resilience Planning and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) jointly conducted a series of longitudinal field studies in the U.S. city of Lumberton, North Carolina following major flooding from Hurricane Matthew (2016). Damage surveys on structures and interviews with households were conducted during the first field study to explore physical, economic, and social impacts of major riverine flooding on this small, tri-racial community. This paper is focused on damage to housing and subsequent household ...


Measuring The Added Value Of Regenerative Architecture Through The Problematic Example Of The Aesthetic Dimension, Andrea S. Wheeler May 2019

Measuring The Added Value Of Regenerative Architecture Through The Problematic Example Of The Aesthetic Dimension, Andrea S. Wheeler

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Regenerative architecture seeks to impact positively on an environment. Raymond Cole writes that regenerative architecture promotes a responsibility to produce buildings that ‘reduce the degenerative consequences of human activity on the health and integrity of ecological systems’ (Cole 2015, 1). This positioning of regenerative design as "greater than" is key to its enthusiastic uptake, but it also raises concerns. Chrisna du Plessis states that the paradigm that underlies the regenerative approach is one that calls for radical changes to structures of society; to the dominant world view that ‘sees nature as machine, understood and managed by reducing it to its ...


The Impact Of Trees On Passive Survivability During Extreme Heat Events In Warm And Humid Regions, Ulrike Passe, Janette R. Thompson, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Boshun Gao, Breanna L. Marmur Apr 2019

The Impact Of Trees On Passive Survivability During Extreme Heat Events In Warm And Humid Regions, Ulrike Passe, Janette R. Thompson, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Boshun Gao, Breanna L. Marmur

Natural Resource Ecology and Management Conference Papers, Posters and Presentations

Communities are increasingly affected by excessive heat. The likelihood of extreme heat events is predicted to increase in the Midwest region of the United States. By mid-century (2036–2065), one year out of 10 is projected to have a 5-day period that is 13°F warmer than a comparable earlier period (1976–2005). The frequency of high humidity/dew point days (“extra moist tropical air mass days,” MT++ synoptic climate classification system) has also increased significantly during a similar period (1975–2010) and between 2010 and 2014 included 8 of 26 heat events. This impact is exacerbated by the fact ...


Plant Ethics Or An Environment For The Birth Of A New Human? An Exploration In Radical Ethics For Sustainable Architecture., Andrea S. Wheeler Mar 2019

Plant Ethics Or An Environment For The Birth Of A New Human? An Exploration In Radical Ethics For Sustainable Architecture., Andrea S. Wheeler

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

This paper critically examines literature concerned with an ethics in the multiplicity of different approaches to the design of sustainable architecture. Sustainable design theorists commonly argue for the need to perceive the world differently, to find new ways to live, to create new values to replace old: questions of ethics are implicit in such explorations.


On The Networking Synthesis Of Studio Factors To The Integration Of Design Pedagogy, Zheng-Hui Wang, Xin Li, Shih-Chih Chen, Chiu-Shui Chan, Penny Lewis, Ihab Hijazi Mar 2019

On The Networking Synthesis Of Studio Factors To The Integration Of Design Pedagogy, Zheng-Hui Wang, Xin Li, Shih-Chih Chen, Chiu-Shui Chan, Penny Lewis, Ihab Hijazi

Architecture Publications

Studio is critically important for design education, but few attempts have been made to demonstrate the parallels between studio factors and design performance. This paper adopts a coherent set of analyses to investigate the major studio factors and attempts to quantify the networking interactions among them. First, it describes how architectural studio is usually organised based on some major factors. Next, a theoretical model is established according to the described hypotheses and their mutual interactions. Third, the research method and statistical analysis with structural equation modelling (SEM) are presented. Finally, the results of this empirical examination are presented for discussion ...


Women’S Work: Attributing Future Histories Of The Digital In Architecture, Shelby Doyle, Nicholas Senske Jan 2019

Women’S Work: Attributing Future Histories Of The Digital In Architecture, Shelby Doyle, Nicholas Senske

Architecture Publications

Conventions of authorship and attribution historically excluded or erased women’s contributions to the built environment. As frequent co-authors and collaborators, women’s stories often do not fit into conventional historical narratives about how architecture is created. In response, this essay proposes a technology called “attribution frameworks”: a digital method for creating a transparent record of architectural labor. The authors argue that the integration of digital tools into architectural design offers a new space for more equally attributing, documenting, and counting labor and contributions to the discipline. This space allows for a more rich and inclusive narrative of contributions to ...


Development Of A Modelling Framework For Refined Residential Occupancy Schedules, Diba Malekpour Koupaei, Farzad Hashemi, Vinciane Tabard-Fortecoëf, Ulrike Passe Jan 2019

Development Of A Modelling Framework For Refined Residential Occupancy Schedules, Diba Malekpour Koupaei, Farzad Hashemi, Vinciane Tabard-Fortecoëf, Ulrike Passe

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Conference Presentations and Proceedings

Occupancy schedules are a leading source of uncertainty in building energy simulations. This uncertainty often results in an undesired gap between actual performance and predictions. Past efforts to develop more proper occupancy behavioural models have often been either oversimplified and hence underestimating or more precise but simply too complicated to become common practice. This study is an effort to find a balance between complexity and accuracy among the aforementioned models for the sole purpose of energy use studies in the context of residential neighbourhoods. We start with a probabilistic occupancy model based on the American Time Use Survey (ATUS) and ...


Community-Based Museum Ecologies: Public Doors And Windows And Les Nouveaux Commanditaires (‘The New Patrons’), Mark W. Rectanus Jan 2019

Community-Based Museum Ecologies: Public Doors And Windows And Les Nouveaux Commanditaires (‘The New Patrons’), Mark W. Rectanus

World Languages and Cultures Publications

A growing number of artist-led initiatives and para-institutional organizations are creating community-based projects that signal the emergence of alternative museum ecologies. This article will examine two initiatives, Public Doors and Windows (PDW) and Les Nouveaux Commanditaires (NC) (‘The New Patrons’) that reflect a diverse range of practices that contribute to, or create, museum ecologies outside the physical and conceptual spaces of museums. These museum ecologies also contribute to discourses on the participatory museum and intersect with experiments in community engagement and social practice. Although they may have distinct conceptual points of departure, the diverse institutional platforms and initiatives of PDW ...


A Technique For Developing High-Resolution Residential Occupancy Schedules For Urban Energy Models, Diba Malekpour Koupaei, Farzad Hashemi, Vinciane Tabard-Fortecoëf, Ulrike Passe Jan 2019

A Technique For Developing High-Resolution Residential Occupancy Schedules For Urban Energy Models, Diba Malekpour Koupaei, Farzad Hashemi, Vinciane Tabard-Fortecoëf, Ulrike Passe

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Conference Presentations and Proceedings

Occupants’ presence and activity schedules directly influence residential energy consumption loads. Regardless of their widely acknowledged importance, developing proper representative occupancy inputs for urban energy use studies of residential neighborhoods remains to be a challenge to overcome. The presented work aims to balance between accuracy and complexity of such occupancy models by developing a technique that takes advantage of a previously proposed sophisticated method for schedule generation and attempts to refine and simplify its results for practicality purposes.

Here, we used a Markov chain transition probability matrix based on the American Time-Use Survey (ATUS) database and selectively refined its outputs ...


Sensing The City: Legibility In The Context Of Mediated Spatial Terrains, Sharon Wohl Dec 2018

Sensing The City: Legibility In The Context Of Mediated Spatial Terrains, Sharon Wohl

Architecture Publications

Smartphones, with their “pervasive presence” in contact with our bodies, have come to act as sensory prosthetics that mediate our experience of the city. They activate new possibilities of navigating the urban, such that we can find exactly what we want, rather than what has been placed before us. This article argues that smartphone technologies produce a more fluid engagement with urban space: where space is not so much “given” as “enacted.” In this context, notions of “legibility” take on new algorithmic and virtual forms. Thus, according to Hamilton and colleagues, where “the legible city waited to be read, the ...


Digital Provenance And Material Metadata: Attribution And Co-Authorship In The Age Of Artificial Intelligence, Shelby E. Doyle, Nicholas Senske Nov 2018

Digital Provenance And Material Metadata: Attribution And Co-Authorship In The Age Of Artificial Intelligence, Shelby E. Doyle, Nicholas Senske

Architecture Publications

This speculative essay examines a single drawing, produced in a collaboration between the authors and a Turtle robot, in a search for methods to evaluate and document provenance in artificial intelligence and robotic design. Reflecting upon the layers of authorship in our case study reveals the complex relationship that already exists between human and machine collaborators. In response to this unseen provenance, we propose new modes to document the full range of creative contribution to the design and production of artifacts from intellectual inputs to digital representations to physical labor. A more comprehensive system for artificial intelligence/robotic attribution could ...


Can Pink Really Pacify?, Julie Elaine N. Irish Sep 2018

Can Pink Really Pacify?, Julie Elaine N. Irish

Interior Design publications and other works

As an interior designer, I’ve long been interested in how different colors can affect our mood and behavior.

For example, if you’ve recently been to a fast food restaurant, you might notice that there’s a lot of red – red chairs and red signs, red trays and red cups.

When, on the other hand, was the last time you ate in a blue restaurant?

There’s a reason for this: Red, it turns out, has been shown to stimulate the appetite. Blue, on the other hand, has been shown to be an appetite suppressant.

But when it comes ...


Energy Use And Weatherization Practices: Applications For Agent-Based Modeling To Support Vulnerable Populations, Jacklin Stonewall, Wanyu Huang, Michael C. Dorneich, Caroline Krejci, Linda Shenk, Ulrike Passe Sep 2018

Energy Use And Weatherization Practices: Applications For Agent-Based Modeling To Support Vulnerable Populations, Jacklin Stonewall, Wanyu Huang, Michael C. Dorneich, Caroline Krejci, Linda Shenk, Ulrike Passe

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

This work surveyed residents of an economically disadvantaged community on their attitudes toward weatherization and their energy use behaviors. To support urban leaders making decisions to mitigate the effects of large-scale climate change, data-driven simulation models are being developed. To ensure that these models are equitable, the needs of all citizens must be included, especially those most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. The results of this survey indicate that residents are taking steps to weatherize and conserve energy, but they are hindered by a lack of resources and knowledge of available assistance programs. These results are being applied ...


Triangular Proportional Scheme And Concept Of The Two Serbian Medieval Churches, Magdalena Dragović, Aleksandar Čučaković, Jelena Bogdanović, Svetlana Čičević, Aleksandar Trifunović Jul 2018

Triangular Proportional Scheme And Concept Of The Two Serbian Medieval Churches, Magdalena Dragović, Aleksandar Čučaković, Jelena Bogdanović, Svetlana Čičević, Aleksandar Trifunović

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Serbian medieval architectural heritage is notable for its sacred architecture including numerous Christian Orthodox churches built at the territory of former Raška state during the period from the 12th to the 14th centuries. Built in the so-called Raška architectural style, characterized by overlapping features of Romanesque and Byzantine traditions, two monuments—the church of the Mother of God in Studenica monastery complex and the church of Holy Dormition in Žiča monastery complex, are exquisite sacred structures and cultural monuments of exceptional importance. They are also remarkable due to geometric-proportional regularities of their design. This paper highlights the importance of geometric ...