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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

The Impact Of Trees On Passive Survivability During Extreme Heat Events In Warm And Humid Regions, Ulrike Passe, Janette R. Thompson, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Boshun Gao, Breanna L. Marmur Apr 2019

The Impact Of Trees On Passive Survivability During Extreme Heat Events In Warm And Humid Regions, Ulrike Passe, Janette R. Thompson, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Boshun Gao, Breanna L. Marmur

Natural Resource Ecology and Management Conference Papers, Posters and Presentations

Communities are increasingly affected by excessive heat. The likelihood of extreme heat events is predicted to increase in the Midwest region of the United States. By mid-century (2036–2065), one year out of 10 is projected to have a 5-day period that is 13°F warmer than a comparable earlier period (1976–2005). The frequency of high humidity/dew point days (“extra moist tropical air mass days,” MT++ synoptic climate classification system) has also increased significantly during a similar period (1975–2010) and between 2010 and 2014 included 8 of 26 heat events. This impact is exacerbated by the fact ...


Sensing The City: Legibility In The Context Of Mediated Spatial Terrains, Sharon Wohl Dec 2018

Sensing The City: Legibility In The Context Of Mediated Spatial Terrains, Sharon Wohl

Architecture Publications

Smartphones, with their “pervasive presence” in contact with our bodies, have come to act as sensory prosthetics that mediate our experience of the city. They activate new possibilities of navigating the urban, such that we can find exactly what we want, rather than what has been placed before us. This article argues that smartphone technologies produce a more fluid engagement with urban space: where space is not so much “given” as “enacted.” In this context, notions of “legibility” take on new algorithmic and virtual forms. Thus, according to Hamilton and colleagues, where “the legible city waited to be read, the ...


Can Pink Really Pacify?, Julie Elaine N. Irish Sep 2018

Can Pink Really Pacify?, Julie Elaine N. Irish

Interior Design publications and other works

As an interior designer, I’ve long been interested in how different colors can affect our mood and behavior.

For example, if you’ve recently been to a fast food restaurant, you might notice that there’s a lot of red – red chairs and red signs, red trays and red cups.

When, on the other hand, was the last time you ate in a blue restaurant?

There’s a reason for this: Red, it turns out, has been shown to stimulate the appetite. Blue, on the other hand, has been shown to be an appetite suppressant.

But when it comes ...


Energy Use And Weatherization Practices: Applications For Agent-Based Modeling To Support Vulnerable Populations, Jacklin Stonewall, Wanyu Huang, Michael C. Dorneich, Caroline Krejci, Linda Shenk, Ulrike Passe Sep 2018

Energy Use And Weatherization Practices: Applications For Agent-Based Modeling To Support Vulnerable Populations, Jacklin Stonewall, Wanyu Huang, Michael C. Dorneich, Caroline Krejci, Linda Shenk, Ulrike Passe

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

This work surveyed residents of an economically disadvantaged community on their attitudes toward weatherization and their energy use behaviors. To support urban leaders making decisions to mitigate the effects of large-scale climate change, data-driven simulation models are being developed. To ensure that these models are equitable, the needs of all citizens must be included, especially those most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. The results of this survey indicate that residents are taking steps to weatherize and conserve energy, but they are hindered by a lack of resources and knowledge of available assistance programs. These results are being applied ...


City Play: Post-Affordances And The Transformative Power Of Place, Benjamin A. Shirtcliff, Mahsa Adib Mar 2018

City Play: Post-Affordances And The Transformative Power Of Place, Benjamin A. Shirtcliff, Mahsa Adib

Landscape Architecture Conference Proceedings and Papers

Landscape architecture research and practice often focus on demand or instrumental value of the land to serve some need, like a healing garden or playground, or the intrinsic value of the land due to unique characteristics, like a protected wilderness or geological phenomenon, but rarely does the discipline concentrate on the transformative power of the environment. Sarkar (2012) suggests that transformative power refers to those unanticipated experiences with the environment that change or transform our worldview.


From Form To Process: Re-Conceptualizing Lynch In Light Of Complexity Theory, Sharon Wohl Nov 2017

From Form To Process: Re-Conceptualizing Lynch In Light Of Complexity Theory, Sharon Wohl

Architecture Publications

New Urbanism’s disposition towards urban design emphasizes creating places that, in part, derive structure and meaning from ‘imageable’ components. These components resonate with the formal categories articulated by Kevin Lynch. That is to say, New Urbanist projects emphasize defined streets (edges) neighborhood coherence (districts) civic buildings (landmarks) connective public open spaces (nodes) and gridiron street networks (paths). Lynch, however, deemed that such urban features arose from dynamic processes, whereas New Urbanists pre-designate formal features without full consideration of their functional dynamics. In order to better situate this notion of ‘functional dynamics’, this paper argues that urban settings can be ...


Livability And Coexistence Between The Sexes: An Architectural Question, Andrea S. Wheeler Nov 2017

Livability And Coexistence Between The Sexes: An Architectural Question, Andrea S. Wheeler

Architecture Publications

If we feel our lived environment, if we feel the reality of our existence in relation to our environment, can we also feel nature’s destruction? Understanding of our own nature in relation to nature, has been described as an aesthetic discourse, or eco-aesthetics (ökologische Naturästhetik) by Gernot Böhme, a philosopher more currently popular among architects for his theory of architectural atmosphere. According to Böhme, nature must be recognized as our partner and we should gradually adapt to such a partner relationship. Nature is not something we have left behind in our becoming civilized; nature is us and is not ...


Place-Making: An Approach To Rationale Behind The Location Choice Of Power Places. University Campus Ames As A Case Study, Alenka Poplin, Claudia Yamu, Luis Rico-Gutierrez Sep 2017

Place-Making: An Approach To Rationale Behind The Location Choice Of Power Places. University Campus Ames As A Case Study, Alenka Poplin, Claudia Yamu, Luis Rico-Gutierrez

Community and Regional Planning Proceedings, Papers, and Posters

This paper concentrates on power places as perceived by the students in a 60,000 people college town in the United States. Power places are favourite outdoor locations that evoke positive emotions, and are conducive to relaxation and reduction of stress. Further understanding how location affects those places and the feelings of students will help planners and designers be more intentional as they create conditions favourable to the development of cities that are healthy, sustainable, resilient and smart. Research methodologies used in this paper include empirical cartography, mapping and space syntax. We conclude the paper with a discussion of the ...


Engaging Youth Through Spatial Socio-Technical Storytelling, Participatory Gis, Agent-Based Modeling, Online Geogames And Action Projects., Alenka Poplin, Linda Shenk, Caroline Krejci, Ulrike Passe Sep 2017

Engaging Youth Through Spatial Socio-Technical Storytelling, Participatory Gis, Agent-Based Modeling, Online Geogames And Action Projects., Alenka Poplin, Linda Shenk, Caroline Krejci, Ulrike Passe

Community and Regional Planning Proceedings, Papers, and Posters

The main goal of this paper is to present the conceptual framework for engaging youth in urban planning activities that simultaneously create locally meaningful positive change. The framework for engaging youth interlinks the use of IT tools such as geographic information systems (GIS), agent-based modelling (ABM), online serious games, and mobile participatory geographic information systems with map-based storytelling and action projects. We summarize the elements of our framework and the first results gained in the program Community Growers established in a neighbourhood community of Des Moines, the capital of Iowa, USA. We conclude the paper with a discussion and future ...


Tactical Urbanism As A Means Of Testing Relational Processes In Space: A Complex Systems Perspective, Sharon Wohl Aug 2017

Tactical Urbanism As A Means Of Testing Relational Processes In Space: A Complex Systems Perspective, Sharon Wohl

Architecture Publications

Too often, master planning strategies have failed to produce spaces responding to the social, cultural, and economic needs of their inhabitants. Accordingly, many planners have turned to relational strategies to redefine their practices. These tend toward methodologies that explore relational forces preceding design interventions rather than unfolding by means of design interventions. This article considers an alternative mode of understanding relational processes: one that considers tactical urban strategies theorized through the lens of complexity theory. This article argues that tactical approaches harness relational junctures in situ, effectively exploring relational configurations of cohesive urban environments. A design competition entry provides an ...


What Was So Socialist About The Socialist City? Second World Urbanity In Europe, Kimberly E. Zarecor Jun 2017

What Was So Socialist About The Socialist City? Second World Urbanity In Europe, Kimberly E. Zarecor

Architecture Publications

Socialist cities have most often been studied as manifestations of the socialist system itself, linked to the political fate of the Communist Parties in power during their design, construction, and expansion. This article revisits the socialist city and argues for the validity of the concept historically and in the present. Looking qualitatively at this distinct paradigm in Europe, two analytical frameworks are offered, infrastructural thinking and the socialist scaffold. The analysis shows that the universal aspiration for socialist cities was their continuous operation as synchronized instruments of economic production and social transformation in physical space. Distinct from capitalist cities, they ...


Assessing The Validity Of Facilitated-Volunteered Geographic Information: Comparisons Of Expert And Novice Ratings, Kelly Kalvelage, Michael C. Dorneich, Christopher Seeger, Gregory Welk, Stephen B. Gilbert, Jon Moon, Imad Jafir, Phyllis Brown May 2017

Assessing The Validity Of Facilitated-Volunteered Geographic Information: Comparisons Of Expert And Novice Ratings, Kelly Kalvelage, Michael C. Dorneich, Christopher Seeger, Gregory Welk, Stephen B. Gilbert, Jon Moon, Imad Jafir, Phyllis Brown

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

Facilitated-voluntary geographic information (f-VGI) is a promising method to enable systematic collection of data from residents about their physical and social environment. The method capitalizes on ubiquitous mobile smartphones to empower collection of geospatially-referenced data. It is important to evaluate the validity of user-generated content for use in research or program planning. The purpose of this study was to test whether the aggregated environmental (“bikeability”) ratings from novice community residents converges with ratings from experts using a robust research-based, paper audit-tool (the established Pedestrian Environment Data Scan (PEDS) tool). Equivalence testing statistically showed overall agreement between the composite ratings of ...


Big Data And Adolescent Play In Public Space, Benjamin A. Shirtcliff May 2017

Big Data And Adolescent Play In Public Space, Benjamin A. Shirtcliff

Landscape Architecture Conference Proceedings and Papers

Significant strides have been made through design and policy on “youth rights to the city” toward improve young people’s health and wellbeing outcomes. However, adolescents, especially minorities, are frequently confronted with institutionalized disparities as they are denied access to participate in urban, public space, through policy (e.g., posted ‘no loitering’ placards), policy implementation (e.g., police profiling and monitoring), and physical barriers (e.g., skate stops). The current situation has led to a lack of adequate data to support design and policy to improve youth outcomes because: 1. only within the past decade have young people been recognized ...


Engaging Youth Rights To The City Through Diy Skateparks, Benjamin A. Shirtcliff May 2017

Engaging Youth Rights To The City Through Diy Skateparks, Benjamin A. Shirtcliff

Landscape Architecture Conference Proceedings and Papers

Concrete is plastic when wet, brittle before it cures, course without polishing or wax, cheap, readily available, easy to mix, and easily demolished. The paper presentation will unveil how a group of skaters and non-skaters, young people and young adults, failed and eventually triumphed to create the first public skate park in the City of New Orleans.


Simulation-Based Sensitivity Analysis Of Future Climate Scenario Impact On Residential Weatherization Initiatives In The Us Midwest, Charvi Jagani, Ulrike Passe May 2017

Simulation-Based Sensitivity Analysis Of Future Climate Scenario Impact On Residential Weatherization Initiatives In The Us Midwest, Charvi Jagani, Ulrike Passe

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

The existing building stock in countries across the world is designed to shelter against the current typical climate conditions. It may not be prepared to counter the possible extreme climate conditions of the 21st century. Based on the projections for the typical climatic conditions in the future, this project is simulating the energy consumption of a neighborhood in the US Midwest that is scalable to a city. Traditional building energy simulation programs mostly take into consideration – the location, weather, construction materials, type of use and occupancy. They do not, however, effectively simulate group of buildings or a neighborhood altogether. We ...


Five Years Of Flipped Classrooms: Lessons Learned, Nick Senske Mar 2017

Five Years Of Flipped Classrooms: Lessons Learned, Nick Senske

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

In recent years, flipped classrooms have gained in popularity at many universities. However, they remain uncommon in design education. This paper presents the author's experiences creating and teaching flipped classrooms for required computing and communications courses over the past five years. In each of the two case studies, the introduction of flipped classrooms produced improvements in student learning outcomes, student engagement, and more efficient uses of school resources (e.g. contact hours, classroom space, TA's, etc.) compared to nonflipped versions of the courses. The author presents the details of the course structures, assessment methodology, and outcomes for the ...


Empowering Students With Design-Build, Nick Senske Mar 2017

Empowering Students With Design-Build, Nick Senske

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

In their second semester of architecture school, seventy-seven undergraduate students across five studios worked together to fabricate and construct a 20’x25’ installation with 2300 unique pieces in their school atrium. The project, titled TwoXTwo, represented a curricular realignment to incorporate digital methods, studio-wide collaboration, and full-scale construction into the beginning design sequence. The theme of this paper is student empowered learning in design-build: what it means, how it can create learning opportunities, and how it can go wrong.


The Lore Of Building Experience: Deconstructing Design-Build, Shelby Doyle, Rob Whitehead Mar 2017

The Lore Of Building Experience: Deconstructing Design-Build, Shelby Doyle, Rob Whitehead

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Architects do things. One of the most unquestioned mandates of architectural education is that of ‘doing’: building, acting, making, fabricating. Captured in Le Corbusier’s famous maxim: ‘architecture or revolution’, building is often considered not only the best solution to a problem, but one that gives urgency and legitimacy to architecture and architectural education. Yet the increasing awareness of intimate relations between capitalism and architecture, labor injustices and construction, environmental havoc and urban planning, corporate power and racial violence and much more has put architects in the uncomfortable position of having to confront the consequences of ‘doing’.


Unplugging Inequality: Computational Futures For Architecture, Shelby Doyle, Nick Senske Mar 2017

Unplugging Inequality: Computational Futures For Architecture, Shelby Doyle, Nick Senske

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

In the 21st century, technologies like the Internet are commonly regarded as an empowering and uplifting force. With the broad availability of low-cost distribution channels, software development tools, and rapid prototyping machines such as 3D printers, the potential exists for nearly anyone to disrupt industries and find success. This optimism is mirrored in architecture, where, over the last 25 years, technologies such as CAD (Computer Aided Design), parametric design, BIM (Building Information Modeling), digital fabrication, and robotics have been a critical site of innovation, as architects seek to challenge traditional methods of designing and delivering buildings.


A Future Invested In Sustainability: Sustainable Architecture And Education In The Midwest Through The Ethical Philosophy Of Luce Irigaray, Andrea Wheeler Mar 2017

A Future Invested In Sustainability: Sustainable Architecture And Education In The Midwest Through The Ethical Philosophy Of Luce Irigaray, Andrea Wheeler

Architecture Publications

Theories of sustainable architecture that address sexual difference are rare in an architectural context, whether in the United States or Europe, and this paper proposes a critical perspective on architectural design using sustainable schools as an example and adopting the question of sexual difference. Informed by the words of young people, the philosophy of Luce Irigaray, and research carried out as part of a research project, “Iowa’s New Schools: A Future Invested in Sustainability,” this paper examines contemporary approaches to sustainable school architecture. It addresses questions of lifestyle and behavior and architects’ aims to produce energy-efficient and sustainable architecture ...


Satisfied: Feminism And The Affective Turn In Architecture, Andrea Wheeler Mar 2017

Satisfied: Feminism And The Affective Turn In Architecture, Andrea Wheeler

Architecture Publications

My name is Andrea Gibson—it’s my married name. I am an Assistant Professor at a large University in the Midwest where I teach Sustainable Architecture and am a design studio instructor. My presentation today, is entitled: ‘About architecture and affect, and experiencing feminism in architecture now’. Or perhaps it could be called, ‘Satisfied?’ And you may quickly see that I am not. To outline this talk, and due warning, I will be discussing feminism, philosophies of affect and architecture.


Sheen: Beauty, Latency And The Post-Industrial Landscape, Peter P. Goché Feb 2017

Sheen: Beauty, Latency And The Post-Industrial Landscape, Peter P. Goché

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Just as a silhouette, the shadow of our memory stands in sharp contrast to its background. As the sun passes over, so too does the shadow’s distinction. And now, in the late afternoon, we are shown our experience, no longer a shadow. We depart day wondering about the circumstances which calendar such events. And so, too, we speculate on its connection to ancient ritual – to night.


The Turkish Tea Garden: Exploring A "Third Space" With Cultural Resonances, Sharon Wohl Feb 2017

The Turkish Tea Garden: Exploring A "Third Space" With Cultural Resonances, Sharon Wohl

Architecture Publications

This article examines the history, use, and significance of the Turkish Tea Garden or Cay Bahcesi, positing that these gardens offer unique democratic spaces for public discourse set within the polis. The article unpacks the historical, cultural, and symbolic features of these gardens, and the role these shared spaces play in Turkey’s multivalent civic environment. It employs Ray Oldenburg’s notion of “third space” to consider how these gardens provide inclusive settings for a culturally diverse citizenry. Furthermore, the article considers how these spaces act as repositories of shared memory, mediating conflict that appears in other societal spheres. The ...


Detection And Estimation Of Magnetization Induced Resonances In Unilateral Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (Nmr) Sensors, Neelam G. Prabhu Gaunkar, I. Bulu, Y. Q. Song, Mani Mina, David C. Jiles Jan 2017

Detection And Estimation Of Magnetization Induced Resonances In Unilateral Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (Nmr) Sensors, Neelam G. Prabhu Gaunkar, I. Bulu, Y. Q. Song, Mani Mina, David C. Jiles

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

In this work a systematic identification of factors contributing to signal ringing in unilateral nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) sensors is conducted. Resonant peaks that originate due to multiple factors such as NMR, electrical, magneto-acoustic, core material response, eddy currents and other factors were observed. The peaks caused by the measurement system or electrical resonances and induced magnet vibrations are further analyzed. They appear in every measurement and are considered as interference to signals received from the magnetic core. Forming a distinction between different peaks is essential in identifying the primary contribution to the captured resonant signal. The measurements for the ...


Transforming Pervasive Into Collaborative: Engaging Youth As Leaders With Gis Through A Framework That Integrates Technologies, Storytelling, And Action, Alenka Poplin, Linda Shenk, Ulrike Passe Jan 2017

Transforming Pervasive Into Collaborative: Engaging Youth As Leaders With Gis Through A Framework That Integrates Technologies, Storytelling, And Action, Alenka Poplin, Linda Shenk, Ulrike Passe

Architecture Publications

This paper presents the methods and preliminary results gained in geographic information systems (GIS)-based participatory activities designed to engage youth in urban planning. We describe our engagement framework that integrates such pervasive IT tools as GIS, online serious games, agent-based modeling, and mobile participatory GIS into engagement strategies that tap into what we see as the storytelling capabilities of these tools. We show how these methods help citizens, in our case youth, assume leadership roles and take positive, tangible actions in their communities. This paper summarizes the elements of our framework and the initial results of a program called ...


Robot In The Garden: Preliminary Experiments Programming An On-Site Robot Ball Assistant To The Landscape Architect, Caroline Westort, Zhongzhe Shen Jan 2017

Robot In The Garden: Preliminary Experiments Programming An On-Site Robot Ball Assistant To The Landscape Architect, Caroline Westort, Zhongzhe Shen

Landscape Architecture Publications

The project features preliminary experiments programming a small autonomous robot ball known as the SPRK+ Sphero that explore the utility of an onsite robotic “assistant” to the landscape architect, and ask the following research questions: i. What useful work can an interactive robot ball offer a landscape architect on site? ii. What would an initial prototype implementation look like? First results include exploratory implementations using the OVAL SDK for Sphero for calculations of position, distance, collision, and by extension, slope and area. The project is innovative in three respects: 1) It uses an off-the-shelf handheld, low cost robotic toy as ...


Decent Work And Social Protection In Belo Horizonte, Brazil, Monica A. Haddad, Joshua Hellyer Jan 2017

Decent Work And Social Protection In Belo Horizonte, Brazil, Monica A. Haddad, Joshua Hellyer

Community and Regional Planning Publications

This paper examines how beneficiaries of Brazil’s Bolsa Família (BFP) conditional cash transfer program find employment in a Brazilian municipality, and assesses their participation in decent work. Using Belo Horizonte as a case study, researchers conducted a survey of BFP recipients. The paper compares responses of informally and formally employed workers to assess how their employment meets the criteria of the decent work agenda. Results indicate no significant difference between perceptions of formal and informal employees concerning discrimination and poor working conditions. Findings lead to recommendations about formalization of employment, coordination with existing job training programs, childcare, and transportation.


Post Occupancy Evaluation Of Sustainable Schools And Children's Ways Of Knowing: New Directions In Teaching And Research, Andrea S. Wheeler Jan 2017

Post Occupancy Evaluation Of Sustainable Schools And Children's Ways Of Knowing: New Directions In Teaching And Research, Andrea S. Wheeler

Architecture Publications

Architecture is now more than ever dominated by scientific method. This paper examines what is really at stake when designing sustainable architecture. It is a methodological study and focused on science as understood in Post Occupancy Evaluation (POE) of sustainable buildings, specifically school buildings. Questions raised in this paper include the very real problem of designing for children’s comfort and education in school architecture, but also much wider issues than simply those of the design of children’s environments.


Democratizing Access And Identifying Inequalities: Gender, Technology, Architecture, Shelby Doyle, Nick Senske Jan 2017

Democratizing Access And Identifying Inequalities: Gender, Technology, Architecture, Shelby Doyle, Nick Senske

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

While technology has rapidly become more accessible to more people, its benefits are not always evenly shared. This paper searches for methods of identifying and defining gender inequality in architecture as it relates to digital technology and computation. The authors begin by documenting and then questioning existing metrics for measuring women’s participation in architecture, then look outside the field to STEM disciplines, educational research, and economic theory as means of framing this research agenda. By examining and critiquing current patterns of technological distribution and academic culture, the authors seek to foster greater equality in education, architecture, and, consequently, the ...


Outsider Ethics And Marginalized Aesthetics: The Value Of Contemporary Environmental Philosophies For Designing Sustainable Architecture, Andrea Wheeler Jan 2017

Outsider Ethics And Marginalized Aesthetics: The Value Of Contemporary Environmental Philosophies For Designing Sustainable Architecture, Andrea Wheeler

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

In this paper, I will explore the work of two contemporary environmental philosophers: Gernot Böhme, celebrated for his philosophy of architectural atmosphere although less known for his work on ecological aesthetics, and Luce Irigaray, a French philosopher renowned for her work inspiring a generation of feminist scholars but less well discussed for her work on environmental ethics. For Böhme, our designed environments are experienced through atmosphere; we feel our own presence in a built environment and feel the environment in which we are present. His approach to design depends on feeling experienced through being in space rather than seeing space ...