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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Developing A Workflow To Integrate Tree Inventory Data Into Urban Energy Models, Farzad Hashemi, Breanna L. Marmur, Ulrike Passe, Janette R. Thompson Jun 2018

Developing A Workflow To Integrate Tree Inventory Data Into Urban Energy Models, Farzad Hashemi, Breanna L. Marmur, Ulrike Passe, Janette R. Thompson

Natural Resource Ecology and Management Conference Papers, Posters and Presentations

Building energy simulation is of considerable interest and benefit for architects, engineers, and urban planners. Only recently has it become possible to develop integrated energy models for clusters of buildings in urban areas. Simulating energy consumption of the built environment on a relatively large scale (e.g., such as a neighborhood) will be necessary to obtain more reliable results, since building energy parameters are influenced by characteristics of the nearby environment. Therefore, the construction of a 3-D model of urban built areas with detail of the near-building environment should enhance simulation approaches and provide more accurate results. This paper describes ...


Post Occupancy Evaluation Of Sustainable Schools And Children's Ways Of Knowing: New Directions In Teaching And Research, Andrea S. Wheeler Jan 2017

Post Occupancy Evaluation Of Sustainable Schools And Children's Ways Of Knowing: New Directions In Teaching And Research, Andrea S. Wheeler

Architecture Publications

Architecture is now more than ever dominated by scientific method. This paper examines what is really at stake when designing sustainable architecture. It is a methodological study and focused on science as understood in Post Occupancy Evaluation (POE) of sustainable buildings, specifically school buildings. Questions raised in this paper include the very real problem of designing for children’s comfort and education in school architecture, but also much wider issues than simply those of the design of children’s environments.


Book Review Of Píchová, Hana: The Case Of The Missing Statue: A Historical And Literary Study Of The Stalin Monument In Prague, Kimberly E. Zarecor Jan 2017

Book Review Of Píchová, Hana: The Case Of The Missing Statue: A Historical And Literary Study Of The Stalin Monument In Prague, Kimberly E. Zarecor

Architecture Publications

In this intriguing and at times frustrating study, Hana Píchová makes a compelling case for the Stalin Monument in Prague as both an object and an idea in physical space and cultural consciousness. The book came about with Píchová’s unexpected acquisition of a cache of unpublished photographs of the 1955 monument as it was slowly being demolished in 1962. Taken secretly by Josef Klimeš, the last surviving sculptor to have worked on the project, he hid them for decades since photography had been banned during the year-long demolition process. He gave them to Píchová after an interview in 2012 ...


Performance Landscapes For Active Youth., Benjamin A. Shirtcliff May 2016

Performance Landscapes For Active Youth., Benjamin A. Shirtcliff

Landscape Architecture Conference Proceedings and Papers

As a counter-point to the need for researchers using "big data" to engage in complex statistical analyses, here I suggest that big data also opens the door to rich, qualitative analysis. Access to hundreds of hours of video uploaded every minute from 75 countries and 61 languages provides an unprecedented opportunity to delve deeper into how designed environments are interpreted to support social and cultural diversity in cities. The approach follows recommendations by Cushing (2015) for landscape architecture to develop as "a research-oriented profession with broad social relevance." Cushing cites Low (1981), who similarly called for "more socially responsive design ...


Placeless: Interaction Of Disaster And Human Security, Alec Henderson, Sara Hamideh Jan 2015

Placeless: Interaction Of Disaster And Human Security, Alec Henderson, Sara Hamideh

Community and Regional Planning Proceedings, Papers, and Posters

BACKGROUND: HUMAN SECURITY AND DISPLACEMENT Human Security Issues are universal, interdependent, and peoplecentered • Economic security (freedom from poverty) • Food security (access to basic nutrition) • Health security (minimum protection from diseases) • Environmental security (safety from natural disasters) • Personal security (protection from violence) • Community security (protection of traditional cultures) • Political security (civil and political rights) Displacement after Hurricane Katrina The result of combined human security issues that have been suddenly worsened or revealed by extreme events. Katrina was one of the worst crises the US experienced and resulted in millions of people struggling with a myriad of the above seven human security ...


Neighborhood Housing Damage And Restoration In Galveston, Texas Following Hurricane Ike, Chandler Wilkins, Walter G. Peacock, Sara Hamideh Jan 2015

Neighborhood Housing Damage And Restoration In Galveston, Texas Following Hurricane Ike, Chandler Wilkins, Walter G. Peacock, Sara Hamideh

Community and Regional Planning Proceedings, Papers, and Posters

This research focuses on the impactsand restorationof neighborhoods in Galveston, Texas post-Hurricane Ike. Using data on parcel values collected annually from 2008 to 2015 and ACS 5-year estimates for 2005-2009, I examined the relationships between restoration and property damage, race, ethnicity and household income. My research shows that neighborhoods with higher levels of damage, higher percentages of non-Hispanic black people and lower household incomes experienced a slower pace of restoration post-Ike. This is an important contribution to the literature as few studies have been able to examine longer term housing recovery following a disaster.


Infrastructure And Capacity Development As A Catalyst For Regionalism And Economic Integration In Africa, Kobena T. Hanson, Francis Y. Owusu, Korbla P. Puplampu Jan 2015

Infrastructure And Capacity Development As A Catalyst For Regionalism And Economic Integration In Africa, Kobena T. Hanson, Francis Y. Owusu, Korbla P. Puplampu

Community and Regional Planning Publications

The development prospects of any country or region requires a complex interaction of internal and external factors, as well as the availability and optimum combination of necessary and sufficient conditions, specifically human and physical resources. One particular variable and the source of intense interest has been the state of infrastructure, its quality within and beyond the national context. This interest has assumed a particularly significant place in the face of the growing relevance of regionalism in the development prospects of Africa. Indeed, infrastructure is of immense significance to regionalism, especially in the environment of contemporary globalization.


Visualizing And Querying Community Survey Data With Google Maps®, Christopher J. Seeger, Craig Hertel Oct 2009

Visualizing And Querying Community Survey Data With Google Maps®, Christopher J. Seeger, Craig Hertel

Landscape Architecture Publications

This article describes how an online survey was enhanced using Google Maps® to visualize public concerns regarding a community's water/sewer quality while revealing patterns that could indicate a potential source of the identified problems. Online surveys have become part of the standard toolkit for many County Extension Offices; however, these tools are limited when it comes to surveys involving geospatial information. Through a few simple steps when developing the survey, collected data can be converted for use in a GIS or online geospatial viewer.


Tectonics, Tolerances, And Time: Examining Eero Saarinen’S And Mies Van Der Rohe’S Buildings At Drake University, Des Moines, Iowa, Rob Whitehead Jan 2009

Tectonics, Tolerances, And Time: Examining Eero Saarinen’S And Mies Van Der Rohe’S Buildings At Drake University, Des Moines, Iowa, Rob Whitehead

Architecture Publications

Due to the unprecedented expansion of postwar enrollments at colleges and universities in America, campuses nationwide expanded rapidly and embraced the efficiency in construction, performance, and expression offered by Modern architecture. The resulting buildings favored a language of simplicity and honesty, eschewing traditional means of material expression and construction in favor of an expressive, elemental language featuring exposed assembly systems and tight dimensional tolerances. Unfortunately, time has revealed the inherent fragility of this approach.

Campuses nationwide, including Drake University in Des Moines, Iowa, face massive challenges in the preservation and remediation of these buildings. After WWII, Drake added sixteen new ...


Getting To “Why?”, Gregory S. Palermo Oct 2005

Getting To “Why?”, Gregory S. Palermo

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

This is a case study of the development of a learning outcomes centered, large lecture, introductory design theory course, and a best practices presentation of active learning exercises aimed at getting to ‘Why?’ from ‘What?’. Getting to ‘Why?’ is a principal objective for me in large-lecture undergraduate education. In 1996 and 2003 I participated in developing required foundation theory courses for architecture and design averaging 220-260 students per section. Central to both are active learning exercises for analyzing the concrete ‘Who, what, where and when?’ to discern a ‘Why?’. This paper addresses the importance of ‘Why?’, and the learning outcomes ...


Landscape Architecture: A Terminal Case?, Heidi M. Hohmann, Joern Langhorst Apr 2005

Landscape Architecture: A Terminal Case?, Heidi M. Hohmann, Joern Langhorst

Landscape Architecture Publications

Late last year, two faculty members at Iowa State University circulated a manifesto to other departments of landscape architecture, charging that the field has outlived its historic purpose. Read excerpts from the manifest below, then read what Gary Hilderbrand, FASLA; Peter Jacobs, FASLA; Elizabeth Meyer, FASLA; Patrick A. Miller, FASLA; James Palmer, FASLA; Steven Velegrinis; and Peter Walker, FASLA, and Jane Gillette had to say in response.


What Forces That Shape And Retain The Beijing Courtyard Houses?, Chiu-Shui Chan, Ying Xiong Jan 2005

What Forces That Shape And Retain The Beijing Courtyard Houses?, Chiu-Shui Chan, Ying Xiong

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

The type of courtyard house, as found within the Inner City of Beijing, is a well-developed Chinese housing typology. All houses in this area share a homogeneous pattern and texture in form and spatial layout. Particularly, certain distinguishing features can be easily identified across houses. This paper explains: (1) the outstanding features found in almost all courtyard houses in the city of Beijing, as well as in other cities across China, (2) the reasons why these features were preserved for more than two thousand years, (3) the socio-cultural driving forces that have maintained these features historically, and (4) the challenges ...


A Landscape Designed To Be Viewed, Not Experienced, Heidi M. Hohmann Jan 2005

A Landscape Designed To Be Viewed, Not Experienced, Heidi M. Hohmann

Landscape Architecture Publications

Everyone is Impressed when This Old House transforms a tired bungalow into an elegant new residence, and that's the way oslund.and.assoc. has reinvented the competent Modernism of the General Mills Corporate Headquarters. With fine materials and design elan, the new addition updates and improves the sit's old vocabulary of rolling green lawns, minimalist buildings, scattered abstract sculptures, and amoeba-shaped ponds, making Modernism relevant again for a whole new era of corporate citizens.


An Apocalyptic Manifesto, Heidi M. Hohmann, Joern Langhorst Jan 2004

An Apocalyptic Manifesto, Heidi M. Hohmann, Joern Langhorst

Landscape Architecture Publications

A Terminal Case? At the start of the 21st century, landscape architecture is a troubled profession, more distinguished by what it lacks than the qualities that it actually possesses. It has no historiography, no formal theory, no definition, direction, or focus. A vast schism currently exists between its academics and professional practitioners. In universities across the nation, researchers poach methodologies from other, more vibrant disciplines. Meanwhile, in professional offices, designers yoked to the bottom line crank out pedestrian design.

We believe these problems are pervasive and chronic. They indicate that landscape architecture is not just troubled, but sick. The condition ...


Critic At Large: Slouching Toward Minneaplois, Heidi M. Hohmann Jan 2003

Critic At Large: Slouching Toward Minneaplois, Heidi M. Hohmann

Landscape Architecture Publications

The Federal Courthouse Plaza (FCP) in Minneapolis is a typical Martha Schwartz project. Critically acclaimed, it uses a minimalist design vocabulary, innovates with new materials, and expands on theoretical ideas she has previously explored. Located between the late modernist federal courthouse by Kohn Pedersen Fox to the north and the Richardsonian Romanesque city hall to the south, the half-block plaza was designed and constructed fo the Government Services Administration.


Running Against The Wind, Heidi M. Hohmann Jan 2002

Running Against The Wind, Heidi M. Hohmann

Landscape Architecture Publications

Everything's bigger in Texas. Perhaps that's why Williams Square in Las Colinas near Dallas has always seemed to be larger than life. The project made a big splash in 1985, when it won an ASLA honor award for its designers, Jim Reeves and Dan Mock of the SWA Group, and its sculptor, Rob Green.


The Minneapolis Federal Courthouse Plaza: Meaning And Identity, Heidi M. Hohmann Jan 2002

The Minneapolis Federal Courthouse Plaza: Meaning And Identity, Heidi M. Hohmann

Landscape Architecture Publications

The Federal Courthouse Plaza in Minneapolis might be considered a 'run-of-the-mill' project for Martha Schwartz. Critically acclaimed, it uses a minimalist design vocabulary, innovates with new materials, and expands on theoretical ideas she has previously explored. Designed and constructed for the Government Services Administration (GSA), the plaza comprises half a block at the bases of the Federal Courthouse designed by Kohn Pedersen Fox.


Architecture Ethics Justice, Gregory S. Palermo Apr 2001

Architecture Ethics Justice, Gregory S. Palermo

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

The title of this talk includes no conjunctions and bears no punctuation in order to heighten the conception of the simultaneity, the unitariness of three conceptions that we often perceive as disparate realms. As I put together these remarks, I have begun to think in terms of shaping a more complete paper with this same title – entering into a territory (perhaps presumptively!) not unlike Heidegger’s “Building Dwelling Thinking” of his earlier period -- which is not a dissimilar associative lead. Today though is not the time for a tightly argued philosophical statement regarding the premises of such a conflation.


Professional Virtue And Citizenship: An Ethical Framing Of The Aia, Gregory S. Palermo Mar 2000

Professional Virtue And Citizenship: An Ethical Framing Of The Aia, Gregory S. Palermo

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

This paper proposes that the American Institute of Architects (AIA), a corporate collective of the architectural profession, if it wishes to be more than a professional trade organization speaking to the economic self-interest of its members (and being perceived as such), has available to it two ethical courses to pursue: 1) That of improving the knowledge, skills and judgment of architects – defining and working on the virtues of the architect; and 2) That of participating in public policy decision-making and speaking out with regard to environmental design, whether proposals be public or private. Both of these concepts are embedded in ...


Architecture And Architectural Education: Change, Ethics And Liberal Education, Gregory S. Palermo Jan 2000

Architecture And Architectural Education: Change, Ethics And Liberal Education, Gregory S. Palermo

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Architecture is: About people and places Meeting utilitarian needs Inescapable art The design of space Structures that make space Free thought and ideas History and cultural heritage Student definitions from the first day of class in "An Introduction to Architecture" My thoughts on architecture and architectural education are propelled these days by two intersecting threads: 1) That of architecture as a cultural production; and 2) That of architecture's essentially ethical condition. This of course begs the questions: What, then, is meant by architecture as a cultural production? and: What is the nature of that ethical condition? Also, for me ...


The Garden In The Machine The Duisburg-Nord Landscape Park, Miriam Engler Jan 2000

The Garden In The Machine The Duisburg-Nord Landscape Park, Miriam Engler

Landscape Architecture Publications

One hundred and fifty years after the sound of the machine broke the silence of the garden, as examined in Leo Marx's seminal book, The Machine in the Garden, the gardens of Latz-Partner at the defunct steel plant in Duisburg-Nord Landscape park just north of Duisburg, German, sound a new note in the silenced machine of the postindustrial landscape. The gardens, each with its own unique character and color-a bright green spiral fern garden, a pink-green parterre garden, a silver-gold roof garden, a climbing rose garden, and a tranquil water lily garden-set within obsolete coal and ore bunkers and ...


A Living Memorial: Commemorating Yitzhak Rabin At The Tel Aviv Square, Mira Engler Jan 1999

A Living Memorial: Commemorating Yitzhak Rabin At The Tel Aviv Square, Mira Engler

Landscape Architecture Publications

The Tel Aviv City Hall square, site of prime minister Yitzhak Rabin's assassination after a rally November 4, 1995, has become a stage to an extraordinary act of spontaneous public commemoration. In a country replete with official, iconic monuments to its past, this public place has witnessed the formation of a new kind of memorial - a stage for democracy, a place for public communication and action. The geography and the civic and symbolic nature of the site have nurtured the formation of a living memorial, a vital meeting place for political exchange and commentary.


Meditations On The Metaphysics Of The (Extra)Ordinary Brick, Gregory S. Palermo May 1994

Meditations On The Metaphysics Of The (Extra)Ordinary Brick, Gregory S. Palermo

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

This paper considers brick -- (extra)ordinary brick -- and its metaphysics. How can a brick, a material object, have a metaphysics? The singular 'brick' is arguably the most ubiquitous of construction materials, modest in its earth and fire roots, fitted to the hand, a utilitarian artifact habitually assembled into a myriad of constructions. Yet embedded, presupposed, potentially, within each brick are: a technological society with labor organization; conceptions of fabricating structure, skin, and illusion; temporality; and the creation of place, transparency, and motion. Louis I. Kahn, when discussing architectural materials, specifically brick and arches, speaks in Platonic terms of material construction ...


Theme Towns: The Pitfalls And Alternatives Of Image Making, Miriam Engler Jan 1994

Theme Towns: The Pitfalls And Alternatives Of Image Making, Miriam Engler

Landscape Architecture Publications

In a Small Town article published a few years ago, Marti Willetts of Albia, Iowa, described her experience of living on the town square in a restored second-floor apartment: "It's just like living in Disney world. I look through my front windows at the wonderful Albia Square and feel as if I'm in Disney's Main Street U.S.A. with the little shops and people walking around and things going on." But Marti did not realize that Disney's Main Street image is based on those real images existing in small towns like Albia. Mrs. Willetts' description ...