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Articles 1 - 7 of 7

Full-Text Articles in Architecture

The Continuing Exodus: The Synagogue And Jewish Urban Migration, Samuel D. Gruber Jan 2012

The Continuing Exodus: The Synagogue And Jewish Urban Migration, Samuel D. Gruber

Religion

Catalog essay in Silent Witnesses: Migration Stories Through Synagogues Transformed, Rebuilt or Abandoned (Farmington Hills, MI, 2012) that deals with Jewish settlement and migration in American cities (especially New York, Boston and Cleveland) and the religious and community buildings erected and left behind in the process.


Polish Influence On American Synagogue Architecture, Samuel D. Gruber Jan 2010

Polish Influence On American Synagogue Architecture, Samuel D. Gruber

Religion

Hundreds of thousands of Jews from Poland came to America after 1880. Many built synagogues with details recalling synagogues in their homeland. Immigrant artisans brought motifs and methods of Poland. Many of these synagogues were small, so the relationship to Polish art was on the inside in the painted and carved decoration. Established architects also had access to Polish synagogues as sources. With publication of the Jewish Encyclopedia (1901-06) images of Polish synagogues, such as the Warsaw’s Tlomackie Street Synagogue, became part of many Jewish libraries. More Polish influence came in the 1950s. Most architects were building modern synagogues ...


Medieval Synagogues In The Mediterranean Region, Samuel D. Gruber Jan 2010

Medieval Synagogues In The Mediterranean Region, Samuel D. Gruber

Religion

Throughout the Middle Ages, the synagogue developed as the central identifying institution and physical building for Jews, replacing the still yearned for but increasingly distant Jerusalem Temple as the focus of Jewish identity. Equally important, the synagogue became the symbol par excellance of the Jews and their community for the Christian (or Muslim) majority populations in the countries where Jews were settled. For Christians, the synagogue was a Jewish church, but much more so, it came to symbolize in opposition all that the church represented.

Though relatively little known today, medieval synagogues were not symbolic abstractions to the men and ...


The Synagogues Of Piedmont, Samuel D. Gruber Jan 2008

The Synagogues Of Piedmont, Samuel D. Gruber

Religion

History and architecture of the synagogues of Piedmont, Italy.


Monumenti Storici Ebraici In Europa: Nuove Tendenze, Samuel Gruber Jan 2002

Monumenti Storici Ebraici In Europa: Nuove Tendenze, Samuel Gruber

Religion

This article discusses the trends and accomplishments in the documentation and restoration of historic Jewish monuments in Europe form 1990 through 2000 with special emphasis on the restoration/preservation of the Tempel Synagogue in Krakow, Poland and the Etz Hayyim Synagogue in Hania (Crete), Greece.


Silenced Sacred Spaces: Selected Photographs Of Syrian Synagogues By Robert Lyons, Samuel Gruber, Samuel D. Gruber Sep 1996

Silenced Sacred Spaces: Selected Photographs Of Syrian Synagogues By Robert Lyons, Samuel Gruber, Samuel D. Gruber

Religion

Discusses the history and architecture of the synagogues of Syria documented by photographer Robert Lyons in a survey sponsored by the Jewish Heritage Council of the World Monuments Fund.


The Future Of Jewish Monuments, Samuel Gruber, Samuel D. Gruber Nov 1990

The Future Of Jewish Monuments, Samuel Gruber, Samuel D. Gruber

Religion

Exhibition essay from first exhibition focused on the documentation, protection and preservation of Jewish monuments and historic sites. The exhibition opened in conjunction with the international conference "The Future of Jewish Monuments," organized by the Jewish Heritage Council of the World Monuments Fund. The exhibition focused on the needs of historic sites in Eastern Europe, North Africa, the united States and elsewhere, and made the case for international support.