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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Stewarding An Educational Legacy: Historic Preservation At Historically Black Colleges And Universities, Katlyn E. Cotton Jan 2017

Stewarding An Educational Legacy: Historic Preservation At Historically Black Colleges And Universities, Katlyn E. Cotton

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The historic campuses of Historically Black Colleges and Universities inform a story that no other setting can tell. Since before the Civil War, through Reconstruction and the Civil Rights movement, and still today, these institutions have served as the backdrop for this country’s greatest social justice struggles. They have functioned as free spaces and safe havens—places of reprieve from discrimination and inequity—where young African Americans were given the confidence and support to become leaders, innovators, and history-makers. Throughout history, these incredible institutions have nurtured an environment of empowerment, cultural reinforcement, and acceptance that has had immeasurable impacts ...


The City Of Sisterly Love: A Preservation Assessment And Urban Landscape Re-Interpretation Of Philadelphia’S Sites Of Women’S History, Mikayla E. Raymond Jan 2017

The City Of Sisterly Love: A Preservation Assessment And Urban Landscape Re-Interpretation Of Philadelphia’S Sites Of Women’S History, Mikayla E. Raymond

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Women’s history has long been omitted by a narrow understanding of history, which has been limited, often at the hands of preservationists, to a white, patriarchal point of view. Due to a conceptual misunderstanding of women’s place in history as niche or subversive, the preservation of places associated with women has not been adequately prioritized. Philadelphia, a city rich with historical resources and preservation-minded agents, offers a productive testing ground for ideas of re-interpretation. By assessing how well national efforts, including the National Historic Landmark theme study on women’s history; state efforts, including the Pennsylvania Historical Marker ...


Policy Evaluation And Recommendation For Preserving Residential Compounds In Beijing: A Process-Oriented Approach, Yimei Zhang Jan 2016

Policy Evaluation And Recommendation For Preserving Residential Compounds In Beijing: A Process-Oriented Approach, Yimei Zhang

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Between 1949 and 1958, a large number of residential compounds were built in Beijing to house the growing population in the capital city of the newly founded People’s Republic. They were planned as self-sufficient residential components of “work-units”, and usually consisted of groupings of three to five-story buildings with various amenities and institutions. The construction of these neighborhoods profoundly shaped the city’s landscape. Since the reform of the "work-unit" system and the opening of the housing market in the late 1990s, residential compounds gradually declined and are now threatened of demolition under the city's redevelopment projects.

The ...


A Voice For Public Memory: A Comparison Between The Memorial Practices In India And The United States Of America To Propose A Suitable Response To The 26/11 Attacks In Mumbai, Sanjana Sanjay Muthe Jan 2016

A Voice For Public Memory: A Comparison Between The Memorial Practices In India And The United States Of America To Propose A Suitable Response To The 26/11 Attacks In Mumbai, Sanjana Sanjay Muthe

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis compares the memorial culture and practices in India and the United States. Based on the observation that memorial construction is not a popular culture in India, the thesis first studies the memorial history of India to establish that the country has had a rich tradition of memorialization. Through the research of the subjects of memorialization, their commissioners and the role of memorials in Indian communities, the thesis draws inferences on why memorialization is not currently popular culture in India. The thesis further compares these inferences to the history and current culture of memorials in America to conclude on ...


Henry H. Houston's Germantown Development Portfolio, 1860-1895: A Niche Suburb's History And Placement Within Suburban Historiography And Preservation Planning, Joshua Bevan Jan 2016

Henry H. Houston's Germantown Development Portfolio, 1860-1895: A Niche Suburb's History And Placement Within Suburban Historiography And Preservation Planning, Joshua Bevan

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Over the course of 25 years, Pennsylvania Railroad Company executive and land developer, Henry H. Houston, amassed a real estate portfolio spanning 3,000-plus acres in northwestern Philadelphia. Houston’s holdings in Germantown, an emerging Philadelphia suburb during the mid-Nineteenth century, have been overshadowed in terms of scholarly research by Houston’s large-scale community development in neighboring Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia. Accordingly, this thesis aims to uncover a comprehensive development narrative for Houston’s Germantown development, connecting land holdings, associated dwellings, architectural character, and social history together in order to determine if Houston’s role in Germantown was simply a precursor ...


Philly, Delhi And Beyond: What Is A Social Science Studio?, Kushanava Choudhury May 2015

Philly, Delhi And Beyond: What Is A Social Science Studio?, Kushanava Choudhury

Reports (Social Science Studio)

In Spring 2014, six students and one professor took part in a course offered by Urban Studies at U Penn, titled "Social Science Studio: Immigrants Make the City". By focusing on the Italian Market neighborhood, in South Philadelphia, students explored how immigration transforms urban spaces in large American cities. They researched how immigrants are remaking the city economically, politically, socially, and culturally. We approached the field with multiple sets of disciplinary tools to describe what exists on the ground, in order to accommodate multiple ways of seeing.

The "Social Science Studio" concept is simple: Use the design studio format to ...


Historical Layering And Historic Preservation In Relation To Urban Planning And Protecting Local Identity: City Study Of Nanjing, Mengjia Wang Jan 2015

Historical Layering And Historic Preservation In Relation To Urban Planning And Protecting Local Identity: City Study Of Nanjing, Mengjia Wang

Theses (Historic Preservation)

After 1980s, the People’s Republic of China modernized rapidly, resulting in vast changes to the fabric of cities. At the same time, China developed more sophisticated urban planning practices and historic preservation regulation. In 1982, the government officially created the concept of “predominant historic and cultural city,” for cities that are considered to have very significant historic and cultural values. Cities with such distinctive and important identity should be protected as a whole, not only through preservation movements but through systematic urban planning processes. However, historic preservation and urban planning sometimes are often considered to be antithetical, and accommodating ...


A Digital Revitalization: Immigration And The Italian Market, Sean Lynch Jan 2015

A Digital Revitalization: Immigration And The Italian Market, Sean Lynch

Reports (Social Science Studio)

Existing theories of public spaces are outdated because they largely ignore the advent of digital socialization. The revitalization of public spaces such as parks, sidewalks in the new urbanist mold is premised on ideas of public space from the 1950s, before suburban sprawl. However, technology, such as smart phones and social media, have fundamentally changed the way in which all groups now interface with space. This is especially true of immigrants, who exist in multiple spaces, at home and in the new city, at once and maintain these myriad linkages through digital space.

This project presents a critique of proposed ...


Immigrants And Revitalization: Understanding The Regional Context, Emily Grablutz Jan 2015

Immigrants And Revitalization: Understanding The Regional Context, Emily Grablutz

Reports (Social Science Studio)

No abstract provided.


The Jewel Of Brewerytown: Past, Present, And Future At The Poth Brewery, Mary Feitz Jan 2015

The Jewel Of Brewerytown: Past, Present, And Future At The Poth Brewery, Mary Feitz

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The former F.A. Poth Brewing Company at 31st and Jefferson Streets in Brewerytown is one of the last remaining 19th century brewery structures in Philadelphia and a beautiful example of the Rundbogenstil-style industrial architecture designed by architect Otto C. Wolf. This thesis draws upon primary sources, including insurance surveys, maps, promotional pamphlets, and advertisements to map the evolution of the brewery in from its very beginnings to its heyday and subsequent decline, with an emphasis on the ways in which the spatial layout of the site functioned as part of the industrial brewing process. It then examines existing literature ...


The Last 100 Kilometers: A Values Based Analysis Of What The Camino De Santiago Can Teach About How The Built Environment Can Preserve The Human Experience, Sarah Blitzer Jan 2015

The Last 100 Kilometers: A Values Based Analysis Of What The Camino De Santiago Can Teach About How The Built Environment Can Preserve The Human Experience, Sarah Blitzer

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The Camino de Santiago is a medieval pilgrimage route that dates back to the 11th century. Today, pilgrims from all over the world undertake the journey to Santiago de Compostela to share in the experience. To earn a compostela the minimum distance that a pilgrim must walk, established by the Church, is 100-kilometers. It is also the boundary of Galicia. The result is that the long-distance pilgrim is forced to contend with the short-distance pilgrim, the pilgrim that walks the minimum. The mixing of these two populations produces friction, caused by each group’s different valuations of the Camino as ...


Throwing Open The Door: Preserving Philadelphia's Gay Bathhouses, Grey Pierce Jan 2015

Throwing Open The Door: Preserving Philadelphia's Gay Bathhouses, Grey Pierce

Theses (Historic Preservation)

In 2014 the National Park Service called for increased preservation of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender places in the United States, thereby legitimizing LGBT history on a national level. This thesis is an extension of that appeal and undertakes a study of the preservation of gay bathhouses in an urban landscape. More specifically, it investigates the geographic and architectural significance of gay bathhouses between the early twentieth century and present day. Using the City of Philadelphia as a case study, the thesis explains the cultural and political trends that created the geography and history of the Philadelphia bathhouses. Utilizing quantitative ...


To Build On The Past: A Foundational Database Of The Vermont Marble Company Archives, Kaitlin Pluskota Jan 2015

To Build On The Past: A Foundational Database Of The Vermont Marble Company Archives, Kaitlin Pluskota

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis took advantage of the rare opportunity to look into the business records of the Vermont Marble Company. A study period of 1924-1927, and about 1,000 contracts from the company were first recorded in a digital database and then examined. As a preliminary study of this material, this thesis suggests future uses of the Vermont Marble Company archive and recounts the information gathered from this venture. Architectural trends related to the Beaux-Arts, City Beautiful, and Art-Deco movements were observed, as were trends related to specific marble types and building project locations.


An Investigation Of Chinese Historical Grey Bricks Of Soochow, Jiangsu And The Effect Of Tung Oil Treatment, Wenwen Xia Jan 2015

An Investigation Of Chinese Historical Grey Bricks Of Soochow, Jiangsu And The Effect Of Tung Oil Treatment, Wenwen Xia

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The grey brick is one of the key materials to Chinese traditional architecture. While brick-making in Europe and North America is well documented in sufficient literature, the kiln, firing and properties of the Chinese grey brick is to be explored more in detail. The process gives the bricks a different character and color. Bunches of Chinese literature and informal records show the outstanding character of Chinese grey bricks. And it is why historical grey bricks were commonly used in architectural buildings, city walls, mausoleum. This thesis is aimed to verify the good properties of Chinese grey brick through experiments, and ...


George Nakashima's Arts Building And Cloister: A Program For Conservation, César Bargues Ballester Jan 2015

George Nakashima's Arts Building And Cloister: A Program For Conservation, César Bargues Ballester

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This is the first thesis generated under the Memorandum of Understanding between the University of Pennsylvania and the Nakashima Foundation for Peace and George Nakashima Woodworker, S.A. entered into on the 1st of July 2014, which allow to study and document the Nakashima complex located at 1847 Aquetong Road, New Hope, Pennsylvania. The Nakashima complex comprises twenty-one buildings including family residences with furniture making facilities and storage spaces. Particularly, this thesis contributes to provide an informed understanding of the George Nakashima's Arts Building and Cloister (1964-1967) through an examination of its contextual history, design and construction, changes over ...


Environment Between System And Nature: Alan Sonfist And The Art Of The Cybernetic Environment, Etienne S. Benson Sep 2014

Environment Between System And Nature: Alan Sonfist And The Art Of The Cybernetic Environment, Etienne S. Benson

Departmental Papers (HSS)

This paper examines the role of systems thinking in environmental(ist) art and activism through a close reading and contextualization of Army Ants: Patterns and Structures (1972), an installation by Alan Sonfist, one of the leading figures in U.S. land art and environmental art of the 1960s and 1970s. It challenges a commonly held retrospective understanding of "environmental art" as being inherently about bringing nature into art (or into the gallery) by showing how important systems thinking, which blurred the natural-cultural divide, was to Sonfist and other artists of the time. It suggests that these two understandings of the ...


Mollifying The Muses: An Exploration Of Conflict In The Life And Works Of Iannis Xenakis, Davis Butner May 2014

Mollifying The Muses: An Exploration Of Conflict In The Life And Works Of Iannis Xenakis, Davis Butner

Undergraduate Humanities Forum 2013-2014: Violence

The early life of Iannis Xenakis, a modern day Renaissance scholar who would come to redefine the limits of musical composition and sound-driven spatial design in the 21st century, was overshadowed by adversity, conflict and alienation. Fleeing from his home country in 1947 after a nearly fatal wound to the face during the Greek Revolution, Xenakis' newfound life and career in the atelier of French architect Le Corbusier allowed for the budding engineer to explore a collective passion for music and mathematics within his work. Nevertheless, just as a giant facial scar would stand as a permanent physical symbol for ...


Mollifying The Muses: An Exploration Of Conflict In The Life And Works Of Iannis Xenakis, Davis S. Butner Mar 2014

Mollifying The Muses: An Exploration Of Conflict In The Life And Works Of Iannis Xenakis, Davis S. Butner

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

The early life of Iannis Xenakis, a modern day Renaissance scholar who would come to redefine the limits of musical composition and sound-driven spatial design in the 21st century, was overshadowed by adversity, conflict and alienation. Fleeing from his home country in 1947 after a nearly fatal wound to the face during the Greek Revolution, Xenakis' newfound life and career in the atelier of French architect Le Corbusier allowed for the budding engineer to explore a collective passion for music and mathematics within his work. Nevertheless, just as a giant facial scar would stand as a permanent physical symbol for ...


Christians In The Amphitheater? The «Christianization» Of Spectacle Buildings And Martyrial Memory, Kimberly Bowes Jan 2014

Christians In The Amphitheater? The «Christianization» Of Spectacle Buildings And Martyrial Memory, Kimberly Bowes

Departmental Papers (Classical Studies)

In order to place the site of Sant’Agnese in Agone in its broader late antique and early medieval context, this article presents an overview of the archaeological evidence for Christian spaces inside spectacle buildings – stadia, hippodromes, theaters and amphitheaters. It suggests that the «Christianization» of such buildings was very rare, and in only a few cases linked to martyrial commemoration. The paper concludes by suggesting some reasons why spectacle buildings should have been so infrequently associated with martyrial memory.


Victorian Splendor: Analysis Of The Late 19Th Century Decorative Ceiling At Ebenezer Maxwell Mansion In Germantown, Pennsylvania, Johanna Sztokman Jan 2014

Victorian Splendor: Analysis Of The Late 19Th Century Decorative Ceiling At Ebenezer Maxwell Mansion In Germantown, Pennsylvania, Johanna Sztokman

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The decorative ceiling in the Stevenson Bedroom of the Ebenezer Maxwell Mansion in Philadelphia is one of the most outstanding examples of post-Centennial ornamental designs. The exotic, stylized, geometric pattern of the ceiling illustrates ideals set forth during the Centennial International Exhibition, held in Philadelphia in 1876, and emphasizes Victorians’ predisposition to live à la mode. However, as a result of harsh treatment conducted in the 1970’s and ‘80s and damaging environmental conditions, the ceiling design only partially remains today. This thesis considers an approach for interpreting decorative paintings where the original fabric is altered or missing. It argues ...


Bombing, Tagging, Writing: An Analysis Of The Significance Of Graffiti And Street Art, Lindsay Bates Jan 2014

Bombing, Tagging, Writing: An Analysis Of The Significance Of Graffiti And Street Art, Lindsay Bates

Theses (Historic Preservation)

A first look upon a well-contrived piece of graffiti or street art may inspire feelings of surprise, delight, and amusement, but the connection between graffiti and cultural heritage might be more difficult to perceive. Conventionally, graffiti was synonymous with vandalism, associated with a subculture that needed to be extinguished immediately. However, with the works of such artists as Basquiat, Keith Haring, Banksy, Steve Powers, and the like, graffiti began to be recognized as something more than crime – something with far more value, something that could reach beyond the walls of a gallery. Indeed, this subculture has since proliferated exponentially, and ...


Revisiting Gordion's Pebble Mosaic Pavement: Evaluating Re-Backing Techniques And Investigating Alkali-Silica Reaction, Kevin Adam Wohlgemuth Jan 2014

Revisiting Gordion's Pebble Mosaic Pavement: Evaluating Re-Backing Techniques And Investigating Alkali-Silica Reaction, Kevin Adam Wohlgemuth

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The 9th c. B.C.E. Megaron 2 pebble mosaic from Gordion is the oldest known mosaic pavement to date. Discovered in 1956, it was subsequently cut into 33 individual panels, lifted, and stored outdoors for two decades before reinstallation under a sheltered, sub-grade, outdoor exhibit at the Gordion Museum. Recent research into its conservation history and current condition in preparation for re-interpretation and display has revealed the potential for further deterioration through alkali-silica reaction between the siliceous pebbles and the cementitious backing. Moreover, the enigmatic geometric designs are now difficult to read due to the loss of pebbles, misalignment ...


Evaluation Of Cementitious Injection Grouts For The Stabilization Of Holly Tower Support Rock, Hovenweep National Monument, Naima A. Sweeting Jan 2014

Evaluation Of Cementitious Injection Grouts For The Stabilization Of Holly Tower Support Rock, Hovenweep National Monument, Naima A. Sweeting

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis addresses the testing and evaluation of the use of a cementitious injection grout for the reattachment of detached slabbing on the sandstone support rock of Holly Tower at Hovenweep National Monument. This research follows on a previous condition assessment and diagnosis of the deterioration of the sandstone support rock and the effects of consolidation on the rock as the first step in a multi-phase conservation program.

The extreme instability of the slabbing on the west side of the support rock requires remedial intervention that will retain and reattach the slab to the parent rock. Injection grouting was identified ...


The New Visitor Center At Shofuso: Expanding Site Interpretation Through New Construction, Parima Sukosi Jan 2014

The New Visitor Center At Shofuso: Expanding Site Interpretation Through New Construction, Parima Sukosi

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The design and master plan of the new Shofuso Visitor Center address the topic of new construction in historic settings beyond the existing academic focus on contextualism and style. Considering the low rate of visitation and organizational growth that has put many house museums in a vulnerable state, I believe scholars should extend their judgment pass physical attributes and also assess how new constructions can reinforce the vitality of these sites. By letting both management concerns and place values guide the design, the new building will make the site more meaningful as well as ensure sustainable expansion.

Based on the ...


Encasing The American Dream: The Story Of Plastic And Steel, Patton Howell Roark Iii Jan 2014

Encasing The American Dream: The Story Of Plastic And Steel, Patton Howell Roark Iii

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis considers a preservation understanding and treatment for mid twentieth-century building materials that were designed and promoted to appear “brand new” in perpetuity. Based on their significance as pervasive mid-twentieth-century building materials, as well as their broader social, cultural, and technological roles, this study focuses on porcelain enameled steel and high-pressure plastic laminate. In order to comprehend the role and cultural importance of these materials, this study investigates how innovations in the manufacture of enameled steel and plastic laminate, as well as the corporations that developed these products, helped to create an ideal American kitchen, a symbol of postwar ...


Gordion: Managing An Open-Air Archaeological Site As A Garden, Naomi F. Miller Aug 2012

Gordion: Managing An Open-Air Archaeological Site As A Garden, Naomi F. Miller

University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology Papers

Vegetation cover is managed to enhance the preservation of the archaeological ruins at Gordion, Turkey. We use our knowledge of the habits and growth cycles of the native vegetation to determine which plants should be encouraged or discouraged to grow in the excavated. For the surfaces of tumuli and unexcavated settlement mounds, minimal intervention can have dramatic results for remarkably little effort, and can be thought of as parkland. In particular, fencing to keep animals and children off the biggest mound allowed the vegetation cover to improve rapidly, so there is much less erosion. The excavated area with exposed architecture ...


Architectures Of The Text: An Inquiry Into The Hypnerotomachia Poliphili, David Mcknight, William Keller, Eric Pumroy, John Dixon Hunt, Lynne Farrington, Victoria Kirkham, Ann Moyer, Ian White, Chris Nygren, Larry Silver, Raffaella Fabiani Giannetto, David Leatherbarrow Feb 2012

Architectures Of The Text: An Inquiry Into The Hypnerotomachia Poliphili, David Mcknight, William Keller, Eric Pumroy, John Dixon Hunt, Lynne Farrington, Victoria Kirkham, Ann Moyer, Ian White, Chris Nygren, Larry Silver, Raffaella Fabiani Giannetto, David Leatherbarrow

Public Programs, Exhibition Lectures, and Symposia

Architectures of the Text: An Inquiry Into the Hypnerotomachia Poliphili A symposium to celebrate the acquisition of the second edition of the Hypnerotomachia Poliphili (1545) by the University of Pennsylvania Libraries. Website

To download podcasts of the lectures, select the additional files below. Files in .mp4 format include images; files in .mp3 format are audio only. To download the symposium program, select download button at right.

In April 2011, the University of Pennsylvania Libraries acquired a copy of the uncommon second edition of Francesco Colonna’s Hypnerotomachia Poliphili (Venice 1545). Since the appearance of the first edition in 1499, the ...


Christian Worship, Kimberly Bowes Jan 2011

Christian Worship, Kimberly Bowes

Departmental Papers (Classical Studies)

When in 313 the emperor Constantine declared his support for the Christian religion, he was taking a risk. An earlier generation of church scholars had supposed that in the three hundred years since the death of Christ, his followers had manage to expand to the point that Constantine's declaration of support was simply a recognition of the inevitable--Christian triumph by sheer force of numbers. Recent work suggests a more complex reality. Christianity was very slow to get going: by about 200, perhaps as many as 200000 Christians existed on the earth. Even by maximum estimates of expansion, Christian populations ...


C. F. A. Voysey: The Retrospective Career Of The “Pioneer Of The Modern Movement", Laura Dean Jun 2010

C. F. A. Voysey: The Retrospective Career Of The “Pioneer Of The Modern Movement", Laura Dean

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

The research focus for this paper was the historiography of Charles Francis Annesley Voysey’s architectural career. More specifically, the focus was on the appreciation of his work and why it did or did not change over time. Once the appreciation of Voysey’s work was addressed, the focus became more specific: What was the nature of the shift in opinion of his work, and what internal or external factors caused this shift? To find answers to these questions, I read the books and articles in the paper’s bibliography. In addition, I used the context of the course material ...


Demolition Men: Contemporary Britain And The Battle Of Brutalism, Susannah L. Grossman Mar 2010

Demolition Men: Contemporary Britain And The Battle Of Brutalism, Susannah L. Grossman

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This thesis examines the contentious legacy of brutalist architecture in Britain. Once the lingua franca of post-war architecture in the UK--demonstrating the principles of modernism advocated by high-profile European architects like Le Corbusier as well as socialist ethics--brutalist architecture's legacy in Britain today is both reviled and revered. The paper, by surveying three major buildings that are classified as "brutalist": Alison and Peter Smithson's Hunstanton Secondary Modern School, Erno Goldfinger's Trellick Tower, and Denys Lasdun's National Theatre, intends to demonstrate the enduring importance of brutalist architecture in Britain. By examining the difference between architectural history and ...