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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Sensing The City: Legibility In The Context Of Mediated Spatial Terrains, Sharon Wohl Dec 2018

Sensing The City: Legibility In The Context Of Mediated Spatial Terrains, Sharon Wohl

Architecture Publications

Smartphones, with their “pervasive presence” in contact with our bodies, have come to act as sensory prosthetics that mediate our experience of the city. They activate new possibilities of navigating the urban, such that we can find exactly what we want, rather than what has been placed before us. This article argues that smartphone technologies produce a more fluid engagement with urban space: where space is not so much “given” as “enacted.” In this context, notions of “legibility” take on new algorithmic and virtual forms. Thus, according to Hamilton and colleagues, where “the legible city waited to be read, the ...


Can Pink Really Pacify?, Julie Elaine N. Irish Sep 2018

Can Pink Really Pacify?, Julie Elaine N. Irish

Interior Design publications and other works

As an interior designer, I’ve long been interested in how different colors can affect our mood and behavior.

For example, if you’ve recently been to a fast food restaurant, you might notice that there’s a lot of red – red chairs and red signs, red trays and red cups.

When, on the other hand, was the last time you ate in a blue restaurant?

There’s a reason for this: Red, it turns out, has been shown to stimulate the appetite. Blue, on the other hand, has been shown to be an appetite suppressant.

But when it comes ...


Engaging Youth Through Spatial Socio-Technical Storytelling, Participatory Gis, Agent-Based Modeling, Online Geogames And Action Projects., Alenka Poplin, Linda Shenk, Caroline Krejci, Ulrike Passe Sep 2017

Engaging Youth Through Spatial Socio-Technical Storytelling, Participatory Gis, Agent-Based Modeling, Online Geogames And Action Projects., Alenka Poplin, Linda Shenk, Caroline Krejci, Ulrike Passe

Community and Regional Planning Proceedings, Papers, and Posters

The main goal of this paper is to present the conceptual framework for engaging youth in urban planning activities that simultaneously create locally meaningful positive change. The framework for engaging youth interlinks the use of IT tools such as geographic information systems (GIS), agent-based modelling (ABM), online serious games, and mobile participatory geographic information systems with map-based storytelling and action projects. We summarize the elements of our framework and the first results gained in the program Community Growers established in a neighbourhood community of Des Moines, the capital of Iowa, USA. We conclude the paper with a discussion and future ...


A Future Invested In Sustainability: Sustainable Architecture And Education In The Midwest Through The Ethical Philosophy Of Luce Irigaray, Andrea Wheeler Mar 2017

A Future Invested In Sustainability: Sustainable Architecture And Education In The Midwest Through The Ethical Philosophy Of Luce Irigaray, Andrea Wheeler

Architecture Publications

Theories of sustainable architecture that address sexual difference are rare in an architectural context, whether in the United States or Europe, and this paper proposes a critical perspective on architectural design using sustainable schools as an example and adopting the question of sexual difference. Informed by the words of young people, the philosophy of Luce Irigaray, and research carried out as part of a research project, “Iowa’s New Schools: A Future Invested in Sustainability,” this paper examines contemporary approaches to sustainable school architecture. It addresses questions of lifestyle and behavior and architects’ aims to produce energy-efficient and sustainable architecture ...


The Turkish Tea Garden: Exploring A "Third Space" With Cultural Resonances, Sharon Wohl Feb 2017

The Turkish Tea Garden: Exploring A "Third Space" With Cultural Resonances, Sharon Wohl

Architecture Publications

This article examines the history, use, and significance of the Turkish Tea Garden or Cay Bahcesi, positing that these gardens offer unique democratic spaces for public discourse set within the polis. The article unpacks the historical, cultural, and symbolic features of these gardens, and the role these shared spaces play in Turkey’s multivalent civic environment. It employs Ray Oldenburg’s notion of “third space” to consider how these gardens provide inclusive settings for a culturally diverse citizenry. Furthermore, the article considers how these spaces act as repositories of shared memory, mediating conflict that appears in other societal spheres. The ...


Evocations Of Byzantium In Zenitist Avant-Garde Architecture, Jelena Bogdanović Sep 2016

Evocations Of Byzantium In Zenitist Avant-Garde Architecture, Jelena Bogdanović

Architecture Publications

The Byzantine legacy in modern architecture can be divided between a historicist, neo-Byzantine architectural style and an active investigation of the potentials of the Byzantine for a modern, explicitly nontraditional, architecture. References to Byzantium in avantgarde Eastern European architecture of the 1920s employed a modernist interpretation of the Byzantine concept of space that evoked a mode of “medieval” experience and creative practice rather than direct historical quotation. The avant-garde movement of Zenitism, a prominent visionary avant-garde movement in the Balkans, provides a case study in the ways immaterial aspects of Byzantine architecture infiltrated modernism and moved it beyond an academic ...


The Relational Spiritual Geopolitics Of Constantinople, The Capital Of The Byzantine Empire, Jelena Bogdanović Jan 2016

The Relational Spiritual Geopolitics Of Constantinople, The Capital Of The Byzantine Empire, Jelena Bogdanović

Architecture Publications

Strategically located on a peninsula on the European side of the narrow Bosphorus strait that connects the Mediterranean and the Black Seas (by way also of the Sea of Marmara and the Dardanelles), Constantinople; the capital city of the medieval Roman Empire that we know as the Byzantine Empire (324-1453), was the largest and most thriving urban center in the Old World.1 The city was founded by the first Roman Emperor who embraced Christianity, Constantine I (d. 337), as the eponymous capital outside historically dominant urban centers and as the alternative to the city of Rome. This chapter outlines ...


Methodologies For Studying Human-Microclimate Interactions For Resilient, Smart City Decision-Making, Ulrike Passe, Nadia Anderson, Kris De Brabanter, Michael C. Dorneich, Caroline Krejci, Alenka Poplin, Linda Shenk Jan 2016

Methodologies For Studying Human-Microclimate Interactions For Resilient, Smart City Decision-Making, Ulrike Passe, Nadia Anderson, Kris De Brabanter, Michael C. Dorneich, Caroline Krejci, Alenka Poplin, Linda Shenk

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

Creating sustainable, resilient cities requires integrating an understanding of human behavior and decision-making about the built environment within an expanding range of spatial, political, and cultural contexts. Resilience—the ability to survive from and adapt to extreme or sudden stresses—emphasizes the importance of participation by a broad range of stakeholders in making decisions for the future. Smart cities leverage technology and data collected from the community and its stakeholders to inform and support these decisions. Energy usage in cities starts with people interacting with their environments, such as occupants interacting with the buildings in which they live and work ...


Book Review: Hendrik W. Dey, The Afterlife Of The Roman City: Architecture And Ceremony In Late Antiquity And The Early Middle Ages, Jelena Bogdanović Aug 2015

Book Review: Hendrik W. Dey, The Afterlife Of The Roman City: Architecture And Ceremony In Late Antiquity And The Early Middle Ages, Jelena Bogdanović

Architecture Publications

The latest book by Hendrik W. Dey examines the afterlife of the Roman city in the territories of the erstwhile Roman Empire until roughly the ninth century. As a scholar with multiple threads of training in classics, Dey writes his book with a strong archaeological research method that emphasizes the perseverance of urban paradigms of the Greco-Roman world beyond literary tropes or oversimplified economical and demographical analyses. The Afterlife of the Roman City looks in particular at monumental architecture and urban topography by highlighting their importance in the definition of the urban space as a place of ceremonial manifestations of ...


Surfing The Youtube: How Social Media Is Changing Landscape Research, Benjamin A. Shirtcliff Mar 2015

Surfing The Youtube: How Social Media Is Changing Landscape Research, Benjamin A. Shirtcliff

Landscape Architecture Conference Proceedings and Papers

Accessing insights from underrepresented populations, such as adolescents, remains a persistent challenge in the research and design process. The paper will investigate the utility of online videos of user-posted materials as an innovative research tool. Unlike traditional in situ approaches to studying human behavior and public space, online videos permit access to multiple sites based upon the population or activity of interest. The approach is similar to studies of behavior using unobtrusive observation—where participation or interviews might interrupt the activity under observation or where access to the setting of the activity would otherwise remain inaccessible to the researcher.


The Grand Bazaar In Istanbul: The Emergent Unfolding Of A Complex Adaptive System, Sharon Wohl Jan 2015

The Grand Bazaar In Istanbul: The Emergent Unfolding Of A Complex Adaptive System, Sharon Wohl

Architecture Publications

The Grand Bazaar in Istanbul offers an example of a physical environment containing specific districts that have emerged over time. This paper theorizes that the Grand Bazaar exhibits the characteristics of a Complex Adaptive System. Then, it considers specific urban elements found in the Bazaar, in light of complexity theory, to see how these facilitate processes that lead to the emergence of contiguous districts. This study repurposes Kevin Lynch’s categorization of urban elements to provide a useful framework for discussing complexity theory. This research is further informed by economic analysis derived from Evolutionary Economic Geography, which examines the emergence ...


Book Reviews: Designing Tito's Capital: Urban Planning, Modernism, And Socialism In Belgrade, Kimberly E. Zarecor Jan 2015

Book Reviews: Designing Tito's Capital: Urban Planning, Modernism, And Socialism In Belgrade, Kimberly E. Zarecor

Architecture Publications

In this history of New Belgrade, historian Brigitte Le Normand writes one of the first comprehensive municipal-level case studies of a postwar socialist urban planning project. The book chronicles the development of a new urban district within the capital city of Belgrade from the first modernist plans for the area just after World War II through several stages of stop-and-go development that finally accelerated in the late 1960s with the construction of both official housing blocks and informal settlements. The text highlights the difficulties encountered by urban planners, residents, and the local government to agree on the project's goals ...


The Phiale As A Spatial Icon, Jelena Bogdanović Jan 2015

The Phiale As A Spatial Icon, Jelena Bogdanović

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

This paper examines phialae as spatial icons by focusing on their micro-architecture and related spiritual and sacramental meanings. Similar in architectural form and meaning to ablution and baptismal fonts, phialae were distinct installations for holy water fonts, which were used for ceremonies related to the blessing of holy water but would also invoke references to the cleansing of sins and the sacrament of baptism.


Book Review: Katherine Marsengill, Portraits And Icons: Between Reality And Spirituality In Byzantine Art. Byzantios, 5. Turnhout, Bropols 2013., Jelena Bogdanović Jul 2014

Book Review: Katherine Marsengill, Portraits And Icons: Between Reality And Spirituality In Byzantine Art. Byzantios, 5. Turnhout, Bropols 2013., Jelena Bogdanović

Architecture Publications

In this thought-provoking and controversial book, which develops from her prize-winning doctoral dissertation from Princeton University (2010), art historian Katherine Marsengill examines multiple and complex relations between portraits and holy icons in Byzantine art.


Architecture In Eastern Europe And The Former Soviet Union, Kimberly E. Zarecor Jan 2014

Architecture In Eastern Europe And The Former Soviet Union, Kimberly E. Zarecor

Architecture Publications

Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union are often associated with grey, anonymous, and poorly constructed post-war buildings. Despite this reputation, the regional architectural developments that produced these buildings are critical to understanding global paradigm shifts in architectural theory and practice in the last 50 years. The vast territory of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union covers about one-sixth of the world’s landmass and currently contains all or part of 30 countries.[i] Since 1960 other national boundaries have existed in this space, including East Germany, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, and the Soviet Union. Given the region’s large size ...


Solidarita Housing Estate In Its European Context, Kimberly E. Zarecor Jan 2014

Solidarita Housing Estate In Its European Context, Kimberly E. Zarecor

Architecture Publications

Europe just after World War II was a damaged environment. Many of its cities had been devastated and people suffered tremendously across the continent. Millions were dead, millions displaced or sick, and millions more were being forcibly relocated to new territories during waves of expulsions. According to United Nations figures, more than 8.8 million housing units had been destroyed in eighteen European countries during the war; at least another 5.6 million units were uninhabitable. This represented one out of every nine units extant in 1939.2 By 1947, the Cold War was underway as the United States and ...


Book Review: Unfinished Modernisations: Between Utopia And Pragmatism, Edited By Maroje Mrduljaš And Vladimir Kulić, Jelena Bogdanović Jan 2014

Book Review: Unfinished Modernisations: Between Utopia And Pragmatism, Edited By Maroje Mrduljaš And Vladimir Kulić, Jelena Bogdanović

Architecture Publications

Vladimir Kulić and Maroje Mrduljaš co-edited two invaluable books in 2012: Unfinished Modernisations: Between Utopia and Pragmatism and Modernism In-Between. The Mediatory Architectures of Socialist Yugoslavia. These complementary books deal with modernism in architecture and urbanism in the territories of former Yugoslavia from its post-WWII period until its phased dissolution in the 1990s. The authors are trained as architects with distinctive background in the field. Kulić and Mrduljaš obtained their professional degrees in architecture in the former Yugoslavia, at the University of Belgrade and the University of Zagreb, respectively. Kulić further specialized in modernism in 1950s and 1960s socialist Yugoslavia ...


The Rhetoric Of Architecture In The Byzantine Context: The Case Study Of The Holy Sepulchre / Реторика Архитектуре У Византијском Контексту: Пример Цркве Светог Гроба, Jelena Bogdanović Jan 2014

The Rhetoric Of Architecture In The Byzantine Context: The Case Study Of The Holy Sepulchre / Реторика Архитектуре У Византијском Контексту: Пример Цркве Светог Гроба, Jelena Bogdanović

Architecture Publications

This paper examines the rhetorical capacity of architecture, and in particular, “the rhetoric of architecture” rather than the usually examined “rhetoric about architecture.” In this work, the rhetoric of architecture is understood as codified visual and architectural conventions as a series of transpositions that frame specific meanings other than and beyond visible and spatial. Here the proposed “rhetoric of architecture” is also more about its capacity as a “mnemonic tool” and about the “craft of composition” rather than about persuading others or about representation based on exact likeness. This concept is particularly significant in the creation of the sacred. By ...


Infrastructural Thinking: Urban Housing In Former Czechoslovakia From The Stalin Era To Eu Accession, Kimberly E. Zarecor Nov 2013

Infrastructural Thinking: Urban Housing In Former Czechoslovakia From The Stalin Era To Eu Accession, Kimberly E. Zarecor

Architecture Publications

In contemporary conversations about urban housing, the cities of the former Eastern Bloc rarely come to mind as potential models for future development. Images persist of vast, grey, treeless expanses of space occupied by repetitive apartment blocks that dwarf their human inhabitants. This view does capture something about the experience of living in what came to be known as the “socialist city,” yet the cities had many other kinds of spaces—older urban fabric, small apartment blocks, green spaces, village remnants, and neighborhood shopping corridors. Often the existing and the new were integrated into a synthetic whole. The ambitious master ...


Art And Architecture, Jelena Bogdanović Jan 2013

Art And Architecture, Jelena Bogdanović

Architecture Publications

The world knows Egypt best for its rich artistic legacy. People identify Egypt through its great pyramids, ancient funerary art, and mysterious concepts of death, afterlife, and eternity. The original contexts of funerary objects and rituals show that Egyptian art is, however, primarily about life and the continuation oflife in the hereafter. The artistic accomplishments of Egypt are made according to long-established pictorial and architectural conventions, which convey highly abstract concepts. The art of Egypt tangibly and subtly reveals various cultural and personal identities from the prehistoric times up to the present. Simultaneously, the ways in which people perceive Egyptian ...


Book Review—Maria Cristina Carile, The Vision Of The Palace Of The Byzantine Emperors As A Heavenly Jerusalem, Jelena Bogdanović Jan 2013

Book Review—Maria Cristina Carile, The Vision Of The Palace Of The Byzantine Emperors As A Heavenly Jerusalem, Jelena Bogdanović

Architecture Publications

In this inspiring book, The Vision of the Palace of the Byzantine Emperors as a Heavenly Jerusalem, which is based on her doctoral dissertation (joint doctorate Università degli Studi di Bologna and the University of Birmingham, 2007), art historian Maria Cristina Carile provides an interdisciplinary study about the relationship between the Imperial Palace and the Heavenly Jerusalem.


What Good Is Bad Photography?, Daniel J. Naegele Jan 2013

What Good Is Bad Photography?, Daniel J. Naegele

Architecture Publications

In 1957, for the small picture book Ronchamp, in a handwritten note that itself serves as illustration, Le Corbusier called attention to the book’s photographic text, instructing the reader to "observe the play of shadows. Play the game...Try looking at the images upside-down or sideways. You'll discover the game!"


Earth, Visual Arts, Jelena Bogdanović Jan 2013

Earth, Visual Arts, Jelena Bogdanović

Architecture Publications

Earth is mentioned in the opening verses of the first book of the HB/OT in reference to creation (Gen 1 : 1), thus attaining great significance for both cosmological and theological discussions. One can also

find numerous references to earth in the books of Genesis, Exodus, Kings, Job, Psalms, Isaiah, the Gospels, the Apocrypha, and related religious texts of liturgical poetry, such as Christmas hymns and carols. References to earth may be related to the earthly realm and place of “God made manifest,” as in the NT narrative of the nativity in the Gospels of Matthew and Luke. Earth also ...


Micro-Architecture As A Spatial And Conceptual Frame In Byzantium: Canopies In The Monastery Of Hosios Loukas, Jelena Bogdanović Nov 2012

Micro-Architecture As A Spatial And Conceptual Frame In Byzantium: Canopies In The Monastery Of Hosios Loukas, Jelena Bogdanović

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

The use of architecture as a visual and conceptual frame is well attested in medieval art. For example, in medieval illuminations, architectural frames are often used to separate images from the accompanying texts. Such architectural 140 frames signify potent transparent boundaries between the space of the beholder and the space of that which is seen and, therefore, define perceptible liminal spaces. Actual architectural frames and their role in defining sacred space, however, have been studied far less.


Socialist Neighborhoods After Socialism The Past, Present, And Future Of Postwar Housing In The Czech Republic, Kimberly Elman Zarecor Aug 2012

Socialist Neighborhoods After Socialism The Past, Present, And Future Of Postwar Housing In The Czech Republic, Kimberly Elman Zarecor

Architecture Publications

The Czech Republic’s socialist-era neighborhoods are largely intact twenty years after the end of Communist Party rule. These buildings will be rehabilitated, but not replaced, because of financial and logistical constraints. In the context of the country’s accession to the European Union in 2004 and the recent global economic crisis, this essay questions what can and should be done in an effort to make these neighborhoods better places to live in the present and the future. It starts with a brief history of postwar housing construction and socialist-era design methodologies, exploring postwar architectural practice and innovations in construction ...


The Architect Citizen: The Nature Of Civic Engagement In Postwar Reconstruction Projects In Lebanon, Marwan Ghandour Jan 2012

The Architect Citizen: The Nature Of Civic Engagement In Postwar Reconstruction Projects In Lebanon, Marwan Ghandour

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

SOLIDERE, Wa`d, and Nahr elBared Camp are three urban reconstruction projects in Lebanon that targeted neighborhoods destroyed through armed conflict in the 1970-80’s, 2006 and 2007 respectively. Even though these urban areas were produced over decades of multiple social interactions and economic considerations, reconstruction projects regenerates the whole area within contemporary political and social prerogatives, which may diminish the diversity of actors and discourses in the process. Along these lines the three projects illustrate three different approaches for urban production revealing a different relationship between the developer, the architect and the user community. Depending on who one asks ...


Czech Paneláks Are Disappearing, But The Housing Estates Remain / České Paneláky Miznú, Ale Sídliská Zostávajú, Kimberly Elman Zarecor, Eva Špačková Jan 2012

Czech Paneláks Are Disappearing, But The Housing Estates Remain / České Paneláky Miznú, Ale Sídliská Zostávajú, Kimberly Elman Zarecor, Eva Špačková

Architecture Publications

A common lament about the legacy of communism in Europe is the damage that it did to the built environment. Particular ire is directed at the concrete prefabricated housing blocks, known in Czech and Slovak as paneláks (structural panel buildings), groups of which were arranged in housing estates (sídliště in Czech and sídlisko in Slovak) to create the region’s characteristic postwar districts. Paneláks were not only signs of the increased production of new housing, but also indicated the acceleration of urbanization in the region as residents moved from rural areas to towns and cities for work. According to United ...


Life In A Late Byzantine Tower: Examples From Northern Greece, Jelena Bogdanović Jan 2012

Life In A Late Byzantine Tower: Examples From Northern Greece, Jelena Bogdanović

Architecture Publications

Medieval masonry towers are a prominent and ubiquitous feature of the Mediterranean Basin and the Balkan Peninsula. Many are in ruins and most have yet to be studied. We surmise that they were built for protection, so that they are typically associated with the architecture of an "age of insecurity." Professor Slobodan Ćurčić, who dedicated his career to the study of medieval architecture, has nourished a special interest in these buildings. Honoring Professor Ćurčić, I offer this chapter surveying a discrete group of seven Late Byzantine (fourteenth to sixteenth centuries) freestanding towers in northern Greece.


Bigness Of Another Sort: The Challenge Of A Mass Housing Inventory In The Czech Republic, Kimberly E. Zarecor Sep 2011

Bigness Of Another Sort: The Challenge Of A Mass Housing Inventory In The Czech Republic, Kimberly E. Zarecor

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

No abstract provided.


Spatial Erasure: Reconstruction Projects In Beirut, Marwan Ghandour, Mona Fawaz Apr 2010

Spatial Erasure: Reconstruction Projects In Beirut, Marwan Ghandour, Mona Fawaz

Architecture Publications

Often associated with processes of healing, postwar re-construction projects may be less related to the pre-destruction phase than to the actual act of destruction. This, at least, is what the Lebanese case suggests. In this essay, we argue that the spatial erasure initiated by war destruction is consolidated during postwar reconstruction. We developed this argument by analyzing two of the main postwar reconstruction projects that have marked Beirut’s urbanization since the end of its civil war in 1990. The first project, the reconstruction of Beirut’s downtown, was undertaken starting 1994 by a private real-estate company, Solidere [1], extends ...