Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Architecture Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 30 of 129

Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Residential Building Stock Transformation In Years And Strategies For The Future - Albanian Case, Jujian Veleshnja, Miranda Rashani Oct 2017

Residential Building Stock Transformation In Years And Strategies For The Future - Albanian Case, Jujian Veleshnja, Miranda Rashani

UBT International Conference

This research aims to present a clear picture of existing situation of the residential building stock, their adaptation and transformation during years, which can serve as bases for the needed strategy of future retrofitting. It will be evidenced the importance of tools and procedures for environmental regeneration and architectural retrofitting of residential buildings blocks, in the frame of energy efficiency. The research aims, although, to provide building researchers and practitioners with a better understanding of how to effectively conduct a building retrofit to promote energy conservation and sustainability.

The methodology used for this research will be based on a phenomenological ...


Monuments, Protection And Rehabilitation Zones Of Vienna. Genesis And Status In Legislation And Administration, Caroline Jaeger-Klein Oct 2017

Monuments, Protection And Rehabilitation Zones Of Vienna. Genesis And Status In Legislation And Administration, Caroline Jaeger-Klein

UBT International Conference

Austria has a very long tradition in monument protection. Already in 1853, the central commission to research and preserve the built historic monuments started to operate. The current law on monument protection is from the year 1923. Hence, the most successful steps to secure the country’s built cultural heritage date back to a new provincial legislation, administration and finance system implemented in the early 70ies of the 19th century based on so-called Old-City Preservation Acts. By this sensitive approach, Austria safeguarded the most important historic city centers of Austria like Salzburg, Graz and Vienna vividly in their traditional characteristics ...


Revitalization Of The Kokalari Estate Within The Historic Context Of Gjirokastra, Severin Karl Valentin Queck Oct 2017

Revitalization Of The Kokalari Estate Within The Historic Context Of Gjirokastra, Severin Karl Valentin Queck

UBT International Conference

In the historic center of the UNESCO World Heritage site of Gjirokastra lie the remains of one of the town’s most notable family-residences. Built in 1883, the edifice owns an extraordinary composition for the late Ottoman period. Today the ruin is a memorial site dedicated to Musine Kokalari, who spent her youth in Gjirokastra. She was declared a “National Heroine” years after her death in 1983 for her defiant stand against the totalitarian regime. This paper exposes the factors, which endanger the monument and explicates the necessary operations for a successful revitalization following the ideas of Arjeta Kokalari, curator ...


Urban Renewal: Retransformation Instead Of Demolition, Skender Kosumi Oct 2017

Urban Renewal: Retransformation Instead Of Demolition, Skender Kosumi

UBT International Conference

Now days, technology is everywhere, in our homes and working areas, we even carry a lot of electronic technology with us. It is one of the most used notions and a part of life. Ourhouses also have a lot of electronic technology, it relieves our lives. Technology can also make our space more comfortable, saves our time in many ways. However, technology can not physically enlarge or replace our spaces. Flexibility is an essential component of our lives, increases our space and allows the most possibilities through the changes of our lives. It remains a part of our lives and ...


Bad Design To Kitsch: Examples From Eastern Point Of View, Çınar Narter, Ajhan Bajmaku Oct 2017

Bad Design To Kitsch: Examples From Eastern Point Of View, Çınar Narter, Ajhan Bajmaku

UBT International Conference

The design case is applied to make a difference in living and to facilitate people's life, from product scale, architectural design to urban scale. A design practice should be able to respond to the user's cognitive and behavioral needs. Today, design solutions that can not respond to these needs are confronted as bad design.

Today, when the habits of consumer society and the low expectations of users are combined, it is inevitable to encounter kitsch phenomenon in design solutions. Kitsch is a term used to refer to banal, rugged, and boring design solutions made with sharps and commercial ...


Revitalization Of New Dinamo Factory Through The Urban Agriculture, Françeska Delia, Ariana Neprvishta Oct 2017

Revitalization Of New Dinamo Factory Through The Urban Agriculture, Françeska Delia, Ariana Neprvishta

UBT International Conference

The country's industrialization recognized its peak during the '60s and' 70s. Industrial constructions served as catalysts for the construction of several new housing blocks in Tirana. Around these industrial areas were built dedicated dwellings mainly for the workers' families. After the total abandonment of these structures, the industry was no longer the main revenue generator in the country, so Albanians turned to private activities.

For seven to eight years, we have turned attention to these factors from these areas and abandoned structures. The first is the private factor, which has begun to reuse some of the areas in these ...


Exploration Of Housing Evolution In Tirana During The Years 1929-1943, Oketa Hoxha, Florian Nepravishta, Ani Tola(Panariti) Oct 2017

Exploration Of Housing Evolution In Tirana During The Years 1929-1943, Oketa Hoxha, Florian Nepravishta, Ani Tola(Panariti)

UBT International Conference

This paper traces the evolution of housing typologies, focusing in Tirana, Albania. The study reviews the fundamentals of housing throughout the two historical periods, 1929-1932 and 1939-1943. The housing projects analysed are designed mostly by Austrian and Italian architects. The methodological approach is based on reviewing a number of case studies starting from one-family house to multi-family housing typology. The main purpose of this paper is to identify the process of transformation and development of housing based on the typologies, functionality, and occupancy. Also, particular elements of asthetics are analyzed and compared. This study highlights that the improvement of living ...


Application Of Complex Adaptive Leadership Approach In Multinational Construction Company In Albania, Blerta Vula Rizvanolli Oct 2017

Application Of Complex Adaptive Leadership Approach In Multinational Construction Company In Albania, Blerta Vula Rizvanolli

UBT International Conference

The vivid non-linear business environment of nowadays, enhances companies to embrace the complexity leadership approach, in order to remain competitive in a globalized industry. Maintaining their adaptive system is found to be the main challenge. This paper aims to analyze the up-to-date literature based on Complex Adaptive Leadership approach, focusing on Chaos Theory and Complexity Science. In addition a real-life case of a German company investing in real-estate sector in Albania is introduced. The highly dynamic environment of construction project depends on the information flow and interaction between project stakeholders, which is proved to impose high unpredictability, continuous disequilibrium and ...


Integrating Resilience, Green Building And Bim In Architecture Theory And Practice, Ferhat Bejtullahu Oct 2017

Integrating Resilience, Green Building And Bim In Architecture Theory And Practice, Ferhat Bejtullahu

UBT International Conference

The paper contents qualitative research that covers scope of Resilience, Green Building and BIM (Building Information Modeling) concepts implementation. Objective of paper is to facilitate the discussion on question how these concepts can be integrated to apply in architecture theory and practice by making science-based building decisions that will improve the overall performance of construction projects. Research is done in global and regional context focused in Republic of Kosovo.

The specific objective of this paper is to facilitate socially innovative actions and initiatives as a primary source for integration of resilience, green building and BIM technology in the daily life ...


Reuse And Regeneration Of Industrial Zones, Rineta Jashari, Zana Prelvukaj, Faton Spahiu Oct 2017

Reuse And Regeneration Of Industrial Zones, Rineta Jashari, Zana Prelvukaj, Faton Spahiu

UBT International Conference

The research in this paper deals with the industrial heritage, analysis of industrial buildings built during XX century in Europe and in Kosovo, where as the case study is taken the city of Pristina and industrial revitalized buildings as good examples in Europe.

Industrial heritage is part of the cultural heritage that deals with the buildings and artifacts of the industry that are inherited from the past, and preserved for future generations, as a symbol and urban identity.

In Western European countries, the phenomenon of resurrection and industrial heritage is constantly growing and developing, in Southeast Europe is still a ...


Educational Buildings In Albania: Typologies Based On Morphological Developmen, Ledita Mezini, Ani Tola Oct 2017

Educational Buildings In Albania: Typologies Based On Morphological Developmen, Ledita Mezini, Ani Tola

UBT International Conference

There are about 3400 school buildings in Albania and constantly new schools are being renovated and built. It is widely known that the educational sector and the built environment contributes to the achievements of learning and teaching, and causes many effects in the learning process. The importance of the educational infrastructures, is the main purpose of this study, which tries to categorize the typologies, morphology, and space distribution of schools, designed in the years 1945-1990. This period corresponds to the largest number of school’s constructions of ‘type models’ in Albania. The study is focused on the analysis of 150 ...


Underground Houses - Systematic Approach Toward Underground Construction Of Living Space, Lulzim Beqiri, Zejnulla Rexhepi, Mimoza Sylejmani, Besian Sinani, Hamide Ibrahimi, Imer Haziri, Fatmir Faiku, Arben Mehmeti, Arben Haziri Oct 2017

Underground Houses - Systematic Approach Toward Underground Construction Of Living Space, Lulzim Beqiri, Zejnulla Rexhepi, Mimoza Sylejmani, Besian Sinani, Hamide Ibrahimi, Imer Haziri, Fatmir Faiku, Arben Mehmeti, Arben Haziri

UBT International Conference

The urgent need for energy consumption reduction and trends of global warming leads toward exploring possibilities to “hide” living space from explosion to climate changes as a result of global warming. This paper aims to present benefits of underground houses, underground living space. Housing is elementary process of mankind life that was performed from the existence of life in different forms, shapes, levels and social developments. House, as one used to get protected by phenomena of the nature, historically used in different shapes, levels and materials, created mentality that one percept as protective, and isolated space, for life activities. This ...


Renewal Of A Housing District From The Sixties In Budapest, János Gyergyák, Erzsébet Szeréna Zoltán, Bence Gál, Anett Gál-Mózes Oct 2017

Renewal Of A Housing District From The Sixties In Budapest, János Gyergyák, Erzsébet Szeréna Zoltán, Bence Gál, Anett Gál-Mózes

UBT International Conference

At the time of its construction the housing estate József Attila (1956-1963) in Budapest was a sample project (installation, interior spaces, new structures and materials) which has been obsoleted in the last 50 years. After winning the architectural and urban competition using open-minded architectural thinking that can make the housing estate a new role model again - increasing existing values and give new ones, the paper presents the principles of design which could be standard for neighborhoods of similar history.


The Development Of The Concept Of “Public Space” In Tirana, Eduina Zekaj Oct 2017

The Development Of The Concept Of “Public Space” In Tirana, Eduina Zekaj

UBT International Conference

The term “public space”, also known as urban space is a pretty old phrase, but was used as e concept with a clear definition during the modern era. The evolution of this term is well known in Tirana because of its constant development especially in the recent projects.

The first attempts started in 1914, but there was not a real concept of the public space, which was definitely affected by the citizens’ lifestyle. The public spaces in Tirana have changed a lot since then by recreating the concept of “public use”. There are many examples of squares, streets and parks ...


New Urban Agenda - How Far -By Thespatial Planning Legislation In Kosovo And Albania, Elvida Pallaska Oct 2017

New Urban Agenda - How Far -By Thespatial Planning Legislation In Kosovo And Albania, Elvida Pallaska

UBT International Conference

Sustainable Urban Development in Kosovo and Albania is the subject to this research paper. Analyzes of spatial planning legislation of two countries, toward approaching New Urban Agenda, its strategic objectives, priorities, modalities of urban management is of importance.

Kosovo and Albanian cities are facing rapid urbanization due to several reasons, migration, economic development challenges, that initially are regulated by spatial development legislation, whereas global trend are saying for the facts that one third of the global population will live in cities by 2050 (UN, 2014), in Albania over two third of population will live in cities after 2035 (UN, World ...


Characteristics Of Urban/Architectural Developments In Tirana And Prishtina, During The Last Decade, Binak Beqaj, Armand Vokshi Oct 2017

Characteristics Of Urban/Architectural Developments In Tirana And Prishtina, During The Last Decade, Binak Beqaj, Armand Vokshi

UBT International Conference

Rapid urbanization as a process of societal transformation and intensive architectural developments in urban areas in Tirana and Prishtina, as capital cities of Countries in transition in sense of achievements for community living there and their urban qualitative life. Considering the planning process and role of different partners towards urban prosperity, the urban developments during the last ten years in both capital cities, based on research done and presented in this paper, using comparison methodology on some contextual bases:

  • Policy context
  • Physical space context
  • Site landscape context

With analyses aiming to explain which are effects of three-dimensional mentioned above “contexts ...


Cultural Spaces Research On Architecture And Identity, Ulrike Herbig Oct 2016

Cultural Spaces Research On Architecture And Identity, Ulrike Herbig

UBT International Conference

Architecture is the result of a multilayered process influenced by numerous factors. Thus, comprehensive architectural research can only be achieved through a holistic approach and in collaboration with experts from different disciplines. Although interdisciplinary research is a common framework for architectural studies and should be an integral part of the education for future architects, yet, this is not usually the case. With its module entitled “Cultural Spaces – Research on Architecture and Identity” at the TU Wien, a set of courses has been developed to arouse the interest of students of architecture in setting up their own research project. This paper ...


Professional Access Of Woodworking Engineers To The Labor Market, Ramadan Topuzi, Arben Bejtja, Leonidha Peri Oct 2016

Professional Access Of Woodworking Engineers To The Labor Market, Ramadan Topuzi, Arben Bejtja, Leonidha Peri

UBT International Conference

In the Wood Industry Department at Agricultural University of Tirana, wood processing engineers have been graduating for years. Faculty performs its mission through trainings provided for the student during the learning process and practice until his graduation. This is considered as the fulfillment of institutional responsibility as there is no possibility of their employment management. The private sector constitutes real employment opportunities for Wood Processing engineers in Albania. The wood industry in Albania (after '90) was transformed from a centralized industry to free enterprise. Today it is mainly organized in small to medium enterprises, which produce and trade furniture and ...


The Architecture Of Tetova Between The End Of The 19th Century And The World War Two, Kujtim Elezi, Nuran Saliu Oct 2016

The Architecture Of Tetova Between The End Of The 19th Century And The World War Two, Kujtim Elezi, Nuran Saliu

UBT International Conference

The time period between the late 19th century and World War Two is known as a period of markant transformation in the Ottoman Empire. These changes influenced the city of Tetova in all aspects, such as political, economical, sociological, and architectural.

The goal of this paper is the presentation of different architectural styles in the city of Tetova during the above mentioned time period. The breaking point of the so- called ‘traditional style’ in architecture, in order to leave place for the ‘new’ one, is another tantative of the work. The traditional way of building was very acute during the ...


Role Of The Architects In Creating Building And Urban Resilience, Ferhat Bejtullahu Oct 2016

Role Of The Architects In Creating Building And Urban Resilience, Ferhat Bejtullahu

UBT International Conference

Extreme weather events are increasing in intensity and frequency. While the social component of resilience with all its dimensions depend on all citizens, spatial and environmental components with all their dimensions depend on more from architects than from other professionals. In this context, architects have a responsibility to evaluate, design (create) and maintain resilient build environment that can more successfully adapt to natural conditions and that can more readily absorb and recover city from different disasters.

The objective of this research and used methodology is to identify the role of architects in creating the building and urban resilience qualities that ...


An Evaluation On Applications Of Sustainable Approaches In Condominiums, Nida Yildirim Oct 2016

An Evaluation On Applications Of Sustainable Approaches In Condominiums, Nida Yildirim

UBT International Conference

Nowadays, as the result of the damage caused by building sector to the environment and with increased depletion of natural resources, sustainable architecture has required to be an integral part of the construction industry. To prevent unhealthy construction and to increase the number of sustainable or green buildings in terms of the environment, there were established several sustainable building rating systems. These sustainable building rating systems, while maintaining human health and comfort, also try to decrease the damage of the environment to a lower level. However, rating systems have specific criteria depending on their countries climate and culture. Therefore, these ...


Urban Landscape And Functionality Of Urban Space Through The River Flow –Study Cases Berati (Albania) And Gjakova (Kosova), Binak Beqaj, Florian Nepravishta Oct 2016

Urban Landscape And Functionality Of Urban Space Through The River Flow –Study Cases Berati (Albania) And Gjakova (Kosova), Binak Beqaj, Florian Nepravishta

UBT International Conference

No abstract provided.


Urban /Architectural And Historic/Cultural Analyses Of Rural Settlements -Region “Reka E Keqe” In Kosova And Region “Reka E Epërme” In Macedonia, Binak Beqaj, Enis Jakupi Oct 2016

Urban /Architectural And Historic/Cultural Analyses Of Rural Settlements -Region “Reka E Keqe” In Kosova And Region “Reka E Epërme” In Macedonia, Binak Beqaj, Enis Jakupi

UBT International Conference

Rural settlement size and its extension are some of the main factors that is responsible for settlement success in achieving its development objectives. Interlinks between settlement functions and location; are dependent on the socio-economic general conditions of the society. These conditions were rapidly changing over the last century.

As case studies have been taken the region called “Reka e keqe” (eight rural areas) in Kosova and region called “Reka e eperme” (eleven rural areas) in Macedonia. Those regions have geographical position, territorial expansion, population, tradition and other similarities. Main parameters used for analyses of those rural settlements are to be ...


The Importance Of Innovative Solutions For Information Flow In A Multinational Construction Project, Blerta Vula Rizvanolli Oct 2016

The Importance Of Innovative Solutions For Information Flow In A Multinational Construction Project, Blerta Vula Rizvanolli

UBT International Conference

Construction project presents highly complex one-of-a-kind environments which require engagement of many parties for a long time period. Data insertion from different sources should be managed and controlled avoiding conflicts and cost overruns. In addition to efficient and effective material flow, the management of construction projects is the most information-influenced industry, which entails timely and accurate communication between parties involved. Nowadays, innovative web-based solutions are applied to insure the inter-organization of the participants’ communication. Findings from the literature review have shown online information exchange in construction management to be of great importance. In this paper we present the case study ...


Daily Migration As Indicator To Defining Functional Urban Region – Case Of Prishtina, Elvida Pallaska Oct 2016

Daily Migration As Indicator To Defining Functional Urban Region – Case Of Prishtina, Elvida Pallaska

UBT International Conference

Cities and metropolitan areas are major contributors to national economies and play a key role as nodes in global markets. Moreover, at a time of deepening globalisation and increasing international competition for investment, metropolitan regions have become the targets of a wide range of public interventions.

Evaluation of existing and future potentials, role and function of Prishtina as capital city vs its region- neighboring cities (Fushw Kosove, Kastriot, Lipjan and Podujeve), with the capital infrastructure resources, functions and management, classification and definition of its commuting zone from the perspective of its daily migration as per OECD criteria.

Definition of the ...


Antonyms And Synonyms In Relation To The Buildings Performance, Binak Beqaj, Blerta Vula Rizvanolli, Gent Hasimja Oct 2016

Antonyms And Synonyms In Relation To The Buildings Performance, Binak Beqaj, Blerta Vula Rizvanolli, Gent Hasimja

UBT International Conference

The facade is a representative element of a building which may faces the roads or public spaces. It is essential that the facade is correctly built because it directly influences the performance of the building.


Post Disaster (War) Rapid Reconstruction And Its Impact On Reducing Living Space At Residential Houses In Kosova, Lulzim Beqiri, Zejnulla Rexhepi, Mimoza Sylejmani Oct 2016

Post Disaster (War) Rapid Reconstruction And Its Impact On Reducing Living Space At Residential Houses In Kosova, Lulzim Beqiri, Zejnulla Rexhepi, Mimoza Sylejmani

UBT International Conference

Reconstruction process as a huge need after disaster, a part that is creating emergency shelter for people in need, as well has a direct impact on living space as one of the emergency created after every disaster. This paper aims to identify the impact of intervention of humanitarian organizations without being coordinated and agreed on minimal living standards that will be applicable during reconstruction phase because of environment created after disaster. Kosova was exposed to the war on 1998-1999 and massive destruction of 250000 residential houses (EAR 2000) and as result within several years after the war was over, the ...


The Imaret Of Mehmed Ali Pasha Preservation And Transformation Of An Ottoman And Egyptian Heritage Into A Masterpiece Of Heritage Protection And Revitalization In Greece, Ivkovska Velika Oct 2016

The Imaret Of Mehmed Ali Pasha Preservation And Transformation Of An Ottoman And Egyptian Heritage Into A Masterpiece Of Heritage Protection And Revitalization In Greece, Ivkovska Velika

UBT International Conference

As part of the Architectural Heritage-Past and Future Challenges for the Region and Architecture Values and Heritage session, I will offer the participants of the 5th IC ASPC 2016 a glimpse at one of the greatest, monumental Islamic structures built in once Ottoman Kavala and still existing with its whole grandeur in today’s Greece, The Mehmed Ali’s IMARET.

The Imaret külye (complex) of Kavala, built by Mehmed Ali Pasha, an Ottoman general and the future founder of the Egyptian Dynasty, is one of the most outstanding Islamic historical monuments in today’s Greece, dominating the view of the ...


Unesco World Heritage And Kosovo Towards A Tentative List For Kosovo, Caroline Jaeger Klein Oct 2016

Unesco World Heritage And Kosovo Towards A Tentative List For Kosovo, Caroline Jaeger Klein

UBT International Conference

In 2015, Kosovo tried to join UNESCO and failed by three quotes. Is Kosovo ready for its UNESCO membership? At least for its national architectural heritage, this question is to answer with no. The intensively discussed issue of the medieval monuments of Kosovo inscribed as UNESCO World Heritage by Serbia and Montenegro before the declaration of independency in 2008 and their further management through Kosovo is just one aspect. More troubling is that the rather young state not yet could establish sufficient structures to gain a systematic inventory of its monuments, sites and historic ensembles, nor to extract a tentative ...


Legislative Framework Conflicts And Their Impact In Generating The Phenomena Of Coastalization In Albania, Doriana Musaj Oct 2016

Legislative Framework Conflicts And Their Impact In Generating The Phenomena Of Coastalization In Albania, Doriana Musaj

UBT International Conference

This paper argues about the legislative and institutional overlapping in managing the territory of Golem area (and country level) and the consequences that these conflicts have in generating the coastalization phenomena.

This research seeks to discover the relationship between land tenure systems, urban planning, sustainable tourism in terms of legislative framework and policies. In order to understand the past, to approach the present and to plan the future development of sustainable tourism in the coastal areas.

Failure to clarify the ownership of securities, non-implementation of planning instruments or territory management, non-implementation of property laws etc. has bring consequences in the ...