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Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Interior Design Versus Interior Decoration: Evaluating The Public's Perception Of Design Television Shows, Jillissa Lynn Moorman Jan 2008

Interior Design Versus Interior Decoration: Evaluating The Public's Perception Of Design Television Shows, Jillissa Lynn Moorman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Interior Design is a field that greatly impacts society and the well being of the world's inhabitants. It is imperative to make sure that designs as well as students and professionals practicing interior design, impact society in a positive manner that are well received, emotionally, physically, and psychologically. But important questions to be asked are: how are designs perceived if the users are falsely educated about interior design? If the public is only educated about design through "design television" that has little or no credibility based on several factors such as entertainment demands, proper examination, education and experience of ...


Analysis Of Policy And Educational Approaches Within The Seattle Recycling Program, Ryan Joel Six Jan 2008

Analysis Of Policy And Educational Approaches Within The Seattle Recycling Program, Ryan Joel Six

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study aims to deepen our understanding of the policy and educational approaches within the Seattle, Washington residential recycling program. Through an analysis of Seattle's policy approaches and the role of education, this study makes recommendations for both its improvement and other communities looking to bolster and or implement their own recycling program. To guide the recommendations, it was necessary to find how a recycling program can target a broad audience to create more awareness and reach those in the community that have not been involved. Straughan (1999) noted that the success of a community's' recycling program relies ...


Exploring The Relationship Between Income And Property Taxation At The Municipal Level, Casey J. Muhm Jan 2008

Exploring The Relationship Between Income And Property Taxation At The Municipal Level, Casey J. Muhm

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Municipalities in Iowa are heavily reliant upon property tax revenue as a means of finance; a phenomenon which many feel has negative implications for local governance. A frequently cited remedy for this is the diversification of municipal revenue sources by enabling municipalities to collect income tax. Proponents claim that doing so would allow municipal governments to become less dependent upon property tax revenue, as well as provide relief to property taxpayers in the form of lower rates and collections. The purpose of this thesis is to explore those claims by examining whether municipalities with income tax exhibit lower property taxes ...


Syncretism: A Study Of Toshodai-Ji Wayo Architectural And Cultural Elements, Carole N. Edginton Jan 2008

Syncretism: A Study Of Toshodai-Ji Wayo Architectural And Cultural Elements, Carole N. Edginton

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

When cultures come in contact with another an exchange of social constructs occurs. Very often this results in a syncretism or a blending of ideas which results in the development of new innovative ideas and materials. Wayo cultural traditions of Nara Japan are an example of this type of occurrence. With the transmission of Buddhism from China to Japan in 509 C.E. via Korea cultural, religious, political, as well as architectural advances in technologies occurred. Toshodai-ji successfully demonstrates the Buddhist ideology and methods of T'ang architectural design that was transferred to Japan from China. Wayo features are found ...


Situating Digital Tools Through Ubiquitous Virtuality: Confluences Of Art, Architecture, And Activity In Hci, Romeu Luiz De Castro Bessa Jan 2008

Situating Digital Tools Through Ubiquitous Virtuality: Confluences Of Art, Architecture, And Activity In Hci, Romeu Luiz De Castro Bessa

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Over the last twenty years computer engineers introduced concepts such as "ubiquitous computing", "embodied virtualization" (Weiser, 1991), "embodied interaction" (Harrison and Dourish 1996), "tangible bits" (Ishii and Ulmer, 1997), and "seamful interweaving" (Chalmers and Galani, 2004) in an attempt to describe and explain the increased embedding of computer technology into designed objects and environments, and to emphasize the crucial agency of the human mind and body in Human-Computer Interaction (HCI). Since the mid-1990s the apparent 'dissolving' of computers and sensors into ordinary and extraordinary environments is the focus of research and concern across the humanities, social sciences, and engineering as ...


The Architectural Design Studio As A Learning Environment: A Qualitative Exploration Of Architecture Design Student Learning Experiences In Design Studios From First- Through Fourth-Yea, Patience Lamunu Opiyo Lueth Jan 2008

The Architectural Design Studio As A Learning Environment: A Qualitative Exploration Of Architecture Design Student Learning Experiences In Design Studios From First- Through Fourth-Yea, Patience Lamunu Opiyo Lueth

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative study addresses the design studio learning experiences of fifth-year architectural students, from their first year to their fourth year. It discusses the descriptions that architecture students give to the learning experiences, describes the perceptions that design students have of their learning experiences, and illuminates the outcomes of these learning experiences. The findings show that the students described their learning experiences as interrelational, perceived the experiences as transitional, and felt that their learning experiences aided in the production of outcomes. The findings were viewed within social constructivist and constructionist viewpoints and were contingent on Chickering and Reisser's model ...


An Analysis Of The Creative Economy In Rural Midwestern Communities, Brad Robert Schmidt Jan 2008

An Analysis Of The Creative Economy In Rural Midwestern Communities, Brad Robert Schmidt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The creative economy concept has recently become increasingly popular. Although the concept is popular and research is being conducted on it, there has been a lack of research on the creative economy in rural communities. This thesis attempts to determine the characteristics that define the creative economy in rural communities. Previous research found that creative workers prefer communities with certain characteristics which include technology, talent, tolerance, lifestyle, and authenticity/identity (Florida 2002). The results of this study indicate that rural creative communities in the Midwest tend to have higher percentages of residents with at least a bachelor's degree, more ...


Forces Affecting Prospects For Joint Land Use Planning Services In Boone County, Iowa, Luke Paul Nelson Jan 2008

Forces Affecting Prospects For Joint Land Use Planning Services In Boone County, Iowa, Luke Paul Nelson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study utilizes grounded theory to analyze the factors associated with a joint planning department in Boone County, Iowa.


Big Women, Danielle Christa Hermann Jan 2008

Big Women, Danielle Christa Hermann

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This thesis is an examination of the status of, and the conditions surrounding, pregnant women in the profession of architecture. It questions the extent to which their presence and influence are diluted by various perceptions and attitudes that not only permeate but also define practice. In this thesis, I use both qualitative and quantitative methods to acquire knowledge about the female position. I also utilize individual narratives, phenomenology, and spatial experience to explore the primary issues. Lastly, I use the design of this document to articulate the causes and effects that surround the pregnant female experience. This work intends to ...


Green Buildings: Defining Sustainable Construction Materials In Thailand, Pimsiri Thovichit Jan 2007

Green Buildings: Defining Sustainable Construction Materials In Thailand, Pimsiri Thovichit

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Sustainability is an important concept in today's architecture and will be even more so in the future. Thus, selecting sustainable materials is one of the most important steps toward sustainable or green building. In Thailand, the study of sustainable architecture is just beginning, and is not well studied. In fact, sustainable design is usually misunderstood to be the same as energy conservation design. In this study, common Thai construction materials from two regions (Northern and Central) were examined and analyzed with regard to sustainability. The following features of sustainability were studied: embodied energy, environmental effects, harm to users, durability ...


The Potential Of Computationally Rendered Images For The Evaluation Of Lighting Quality In Interior Spaces, Claudia Dana Totir Jan 2007

The Potential Of Computationally Rendered Images For The Evaluation Of Lighting Quality In Interior Spaces, Claudia Dana Totir

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Lighting designers have the ability to show, and help everyone visualize the outcome of the lighting design by using tools such as calculations, mock-ups, and renderings. In recent years, the use of digital renderings instead of mock-up installations has become increasingly popular.;Even though the rendering methods that exist today offer the possibility to accurately simulate a scene, this does not guarantee that the images will be interpreted and perceived correctly. Increased applications of computer graphics which demand high levels of realism has made it necessary to examine the manner in which these images are evaluated and validated.;The objective ...


The Role Of Government And Regulation In The Emerging Real Estate Industry In Ghana, Nana Kusi Appiah Jan 2007

The Role Of Government And Regulation In The Emerging Real Estate Industry In Ghana, Nana Kusi Appiah

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The need to provide quality and affordable housing to Ghanaian professionals, including teachers, doctors, nurses, university professors have led the government to explore different alternative investment options in the housing sector. Given the government's embrace of World Bank-supported neo-liberal economic policies, it is not surprising that it opted to shift from government-support and provision approach to a private sector-led housing policy. One visible result of this policy shift is the emergence of private real estate companies in many major cities. This study discusses the effectiveness of past housing policies and the increasing role of the private sector in the ...


The Role Of The City Administrator And Small Town Planning: A Qualitative Study Of Iowa's Small Town Managers, Ryan A. Bland Jan 2007

The Role Of The City Administrator And Small Town Planning: A Qualitative Study Of Iowa's Small Town Managers, Ryan A. Bland

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Small town city administrators have the responsibility of managing all functions for the community in which they are employed, but often lack the resources of their larger counterparts to devote to specific city functions such as planning. This includes planning and development functions.;Studies show that city administrators, in all sizes of cities, have varying roles that accompany their positions. For the purpose of this study, those roles have been separated into traditional/technical roles, and contemporary/proactive roles. This study questions whether these roles impact the quality of small town planning.;Through surveys and interviews with small town Iowa ...


Exploring Micropolitan Areas As A Source Of Population Growth In Iowa, David G. Inbody Jan 2007

Exploring Micropolitan Areas As A Source Of Population Growth In Iowa, David G. Inbody

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As sluggish growth persists in the state of Iowa, micropolitan areas may provide a viable source for expanding development. This thesis has two primary objectives: to better understand those factors driving population growth among micropolitan areas and to explore micropolitan areas in the state of Iowa as compared to micropolitan areas in other parts of the country. The analyses show a relationship between four of the five growth factors (agglomeration, recreation, immigration, education and diversification) and effective growth rate, the difference between micropolitan population growth and statewide population growth. As the number of qualifying categories increase for a micropolitan area ...


How Urban Form Effects Sense Of Community: A Comparative Case Study Of A Traditional Neighborhood And Conventional Suburban Development In Northern Virginia, Jason Lee Beske Jan 2007

How Urban Form Effects Sense Of Community: A Comparative Case Study Of A Traditional Neighborhood And Conventional Suburban Development In Northern Virginia, Jason Lee Beske

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Urban form and sense of community have been explored as distinct disciplinary concepts for decades; however, often without the endorsement of a normative standard or measure. The purpose of this study was to explore the interrelationship of these concepts by comparing two Northern Virginia neighborhoods, which are in close proximity to Washington, DC. Brambleton, a traditional neighborhood development, and Stratford, a nearby conventional suburban development, were chosen as case study communities due to their physical representation of distinct urban forms and socio-demographic characteristics. Neighborhood residents were surveyed regarding the impact of their immediate built environment and their perception of physical ...


Gis Modeling Of Urbanization Impacts On Natural Resources, Dakota County, Minnesota, Lan Wei Jan 2007

Gis Modeling Of Urbanization Impacts On Natural Resources, Dakota County, Minnesota, Lan Wei

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research focused on the impacts of urbanization in natural resources and land-cover changes due to urban development in Dakota County, Minnesota. An existing planning guide, the 2030 Regional Development Framework (2030 RDF) for the Twin Cities Metro Area, was analyzed and employed as a reference in this research. Geographic information systems (GIS) technology was used to help determine characteristics of urban land-cover changes, such as population change, land cover changes, and the environmental impacts on natural resources caused by urban development. Furthermore, land suitability modeling was utilized to analyze possible future development, from the perspectives of urban expansion and ...


A Study Of The Association Of The Iowa Hotel And Motel Tax With The General Property Tax Mill Rate For Iowa Communities, Arleen Marie Griesemer Faeth Jan 2007

A Study Of The Association Of The Iowa Hotel And Motel Tax With The General Property Tax Mill Rate For Iowa Communities, Arleen Marie Griesemer Faeth

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The availability of tax revenue data in digital format prompted a study of Iowa communities with respect to their general property tax mill rate and the presence or absence of a hotel and motel tax. Both of these revenue sources are dispersed entirely to the local community. The revenue does not remain in the State's general fund. Alternative tax revenue sources are an important component in the decision making process of local city planners, city managers and community development administrators.;The intent of this thesis was to determine if there is an association between the general property tax mill ...


An Examination Of Contributing Factors To Land Use/Land Cover Change In Southern Belize And The Use Of Satellite Image Analysis To Track Changes, Marissa Lenée Moore Jan 2007

An Examination Of Contributing Factors To Land Use/Land Cover Change In Southern Belize And The Use Of Satellite Image Analysis To Track Changes, Marissa Lenée Moore

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Land use and land cover change analyses are important tools for planning and development decisions. Tropical deforestation has both local and global implications. One main reason for deforestation is the conversion of forest to agricultural land. This study explores influences and potential causes for agricultural expansion and deforestation within the Toledo District in southern Belize, Central America. Many factors play into the deforestation and degradation of tropical forests in this district, including social, cultural, political and economic issues, all of which need serious consideration if planners and politicians are to combat the problem. Understanding the reasons for deforestation goes hand ...


The Effect Of Active Learning In An Interior Design Daylighting Module , Geethapriya Balasubramanian Jan 2006

The Effect Of Active Learning In An Interior Design Daylighting Module , Geethapriya Balasubramanian

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study is an experimental endeavor involving two instructional interventions for teaching a design concept. The sustainable design concept of 'interior daylighting' is instructed to the third year interior design students as part of the lectures in the 'Interior Materials Systems and Details IV' course. The purpose of the study is to analyze and compare the effectiveness of using active learning strategies with the lecture method of instruction. The effectiveness of the strategies is assessed based on the following three questions coined by Prof. Bonwell along with Bloom's Cognitive Taxonomy (Bloom et al., 1956): "(1) What do I want ...


Prefab And Parasitic Architecture : Architectural Solution Of The Future City Crisis (With Case-Study Design Projects), Bosuk Hur Jan 2006

Prefab And Parasitic Architecture : Architectural Solution Of The Future City Crisis (With Case-Study Design Projects), Bosuk Hur

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

My thesis is basically about the concept of architecture, where humans, regarded as a living machine, will lead their lives in the future. This thesis aims to develop solutions to the problems (CO2, population, social level, sprawl phenomenon, and so on). I pictured the image of Laputa Island in Gulliver's travels in order to solve problems of the city. This is the definition of the Laputa. (Laputa: Floating island in the sky, mentioned in Gulliver's travels) Lebbeus Woods showed imaginary architecture in the future, which mentioned "floating housing" in his works such as "Aerial Paris," "Havana Project," and ...


Place Setting: Architect As Cultural Inclusionist, Peter P. Goché Jan 2005

Place Setting: Architect As Cultural Inclusionist, Peter P. Goché

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This thesis assesses the traditional mealtime rituals of a people. Our engagement of such constructed environments within a particular material culture is affected by the physical items associated with defining its setting. The purpose of this method of inquiry is to develop a fuller comprehension of ‘place setting’ as customary observance (rite) and interlude (ritornello). Our engagement of such constructed environments within a particular material culture is affected by the physical items associated with defining its setting. This work will demonstrate the role of place setting as agent in our perception and conception of reality, including the relationship between mind ...


Bad Habits : On The Propagation Of Coverture For Renaissance Venetian Noblewomen, Carissa Ann Gavin Jan 2005

Bad Habits : On The Propagation Of Coverture For Renaissance Venetian Noblewomen, Carissa Ann Gavin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This Thesis is a creative project within the fields of Women's Studies and Architecture. It focuses on how gender is encoded and decoded in architectural spaces, especially those considered 'feminine' archetypes. The objective is to understand the circumstances surrounding the alteration of prescriptive spaces by the people that inhabit them and to lend character to these "after-spaces" through graphic and literary representation. The site of investigation is the Venetian Renaissance convent. One of the earliest convents in Venice, San Zaccaria has a rich history. As a liberal Benedictine convent, it was notorious for its noble roster as it was ...


Understanding The Outdoor Play Environment For Preschool Children In Child Care: Should We Just Let 'Em Go? , Kelly Ross Kantz Jan 2004

Understanding The Outdoor Play Environment For Preschool Children In Child Care: Should We Just Let 'Em Go? , Kelly Ross Kantz

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to understand the outdoor play environment provided for preschool children in an inclusive early care and education center. This qualitative examination sought to determine what children and teachers do when they are outside and how the indoor and outdoor curricula are integrated. Supports and barriers for a quality outdoor play environment were identified. In addition, opportunities for development of self-determination in the outdoor environment were studied. This research sought to determine the opportunities children are provided to make choices, practice overcoming challenges, and develop friendships during outdoor play and learning.;The importance of an ...


Editing Architecture: Architect As Mediumistic Being, Cameron Tyler Campbell Jan 2003

Editing Architecture: Architect As Mediumistic Being, Cameron Tyler Campbell

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The creation of architecture is based on the relationship the designer has with media. Making media requires both a technical proficiency and a capacity to understand how the medium itself informs the architect and the creative work. I will explore through this thesis how the creation of media is not only a metaphor for the process of architecture, but the act of architecture itself. In addition to the making of media, this work will analyze editing media as a provocative interface of design. Finally, this work will focus on digital media-specifically digital video and the opportunities it may have to ...


Ground/Work: Extracting A Design Process From Landscape Form, Ruth Laurine Fox Jan 2002

Ground/Work: Extracting A Design Process From Landscape Form, Ruth Laurine Fox

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This thesis explores the importance of recovering the design process within the work of landscape architecture. Each landscape design process encourages some paths of exploration and discourages others and so the choice of process is vitally important to the depth and meaning of the designed landscape. I outline three reasons why the practice of landscape architecture today fails to live up to the promise of creative expression, and propose a site-generated design process method called 'Ground / Work' that addresses these problems. Through the Ground / Work process, the physical form of the landscape and the complex layers of human occupation and ...


Analyzing The Green Roof: A Critical Dialogue , Sandra Lynn Peterson Jan 2001

Analyzing The Green Roof: A Critical Dialogue , Sandra Lynn Peterson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Landscape architecture is the domain that lies at the crossroads of many disciplines. Perhaps the most apparent of those disciplines are art and science. A successful landscape architect is one who understands this intersection and consciously designs to enhance the function of both aesthetics and the environment. The green roof is an example of a landscape architectural design that can incorporate both aesthetic and environmental function. The green roof also has potential social and economic benefits within the urban context. The structure and technology of the green roof is well understood, however an extensive literature search on the green roof ...


The Effectiveness Of Urban Revitalization As A Growth Management Tool: A Case Study On Dubuque, Iowa, Karen Sue Hanson Jan 2001

The Effectiveness Of Urban Revitalization As A Growth Management Tool: A Case Study On Dubuque, Iowa, Karen Sue Hanson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

With the increasing awareness on the importance of growth management and the need for cities to revive their downtowns many people are beginning to see urban revitalization as an effective tool for growth management. Cases such as Portland, Oregon are being used as examples of cases in which urban revitalization is effective as a growth management tool. However, Portland, Oregon also implements a stringent urban growth boundary. What happens in cities that do not have urban growth boundaries or urban services boundaries, yet also have successful urban revitalization programs? Can urban revitalization cause or contribute to fringe growth or even ...


Emerging Bridges Over Contested Waters: Coalitions, Participatory Process, Social Capital And Community Capacity For Water Quality Protection , Stephen Philip Gasteyer Jan 2001

Emerging Bridges Over Contested Waters: Coalitions, Participatory Process, Social Capital And Community Capacity For Water Quality Protection , Stephen Philip Gasteyer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Over the decade of the 1990s, there has been increasing attention to the factors that contribute to community organization for the protection of water quality. While much is theorized about the importance of education, leadership, and biophysical factors in this organization, few have laid out concrete models about the causal factors in creating community capacity for water quality protection. Building on research on social indicators, including indicators of community process, this research aims to demonstrate a clear relationship between attention to the social mobilization process and creation of community capacity to respond to water quality challenges. I use multivariate analysis ...


A Place In The Hills: Fiscal Impact And Social Analysis Of Suburbanization In The Loess Hills Counties Of Iowa, Jeffrey Donald Benson Jan 2001

A Place In The Hills: Fiscal Impact And Social Analysis Of Suburbanization In The Loess Hills Counties Of Iowa, Jeffrey Donald Benson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Rural residential development presents many economic, environmental, fiscal, social and political issues to rural places. This thesis examined development pattern and fiscal and social impact as they relate to residential, non-farm development outside of incorporated towns in the Loess Hills region in seven counties in western Iowa from 1995 through 1999. The first part of this work analyzed the physical pattern and county planning regulations of this development and resulting fiscal impacts. Development was found to have increased rapidly in some areas, with a slight majority of the development located on estate lots outside of subdivisions. Using an average costs ...


Smart Growth Solution In Ames, Cheung Chan Jan 2000

Smart Growth Solution In Ames, Cheung Chan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Urban sprawl has become an urgent issue in the United States. Cities of different sizes are suffering from different degrees of unfavorable consequences of urban sprawl. As the major contributing factor to the out of control phenomenon, suburban housing developments bring along not only the seeming fulfillment of the American dream but also bring along many undesirable results. As people move into the subdivision homes, they are moving into the programmatic lifestyle. Ames is a small university town in central Iowa. Although being a small town, Ames is already showing some early stages symptoms of urban sprawl. More houses are ...