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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

The Lore Of Building Experience: Deconstructing Design-Build, Shelby Doyle, Rob Whitehead Mar 2017

The Lore Of Building Experience: Deconstructing Design-Build, Shelby Doyle, Rob Whitehead

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Architects do things. One of the most unquestioned mandates of architectural education is that of ‘doing’: building, acting, making, fabricating. Captured in Le Corbusier’s famous maxim: ‘architecture or revolution’, building is often considered not only the best solution to a problem, but one that gives urgency and legitimacy to architecture and architectural education. Yet the increasing awareness of intimate relations between capitalism and architecture, labor injustices and construction, environmental havoc and urban planning, corporate power and racial violence and much more has put architects in the uncomfortable position of having to confront the consequences of ‘doing’.


Empowering Students With Design-Build, Nick Senske Mar 2017

Empowering Students With Design-Build, Nick Senske

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

In their second semester of architecture school, seventy-seven undergraduate students across five studios worked together to fabricate and construct a 20’x25’ installation with 2300 unique pieces in their school atrium. The project, titled TwoXTwo, represented a curricular realignment to incorporate digital methods, studio-wide collaboration, and full-scale construction into the beginning design sequence. The theme of this paper is student empowered learning in design-build: what it means, how it can create learning opportunities, and how it can go wrong.


Five Years Of Flipped Classrooms: Lessons Learned, Nick Senske Mar 2017

Five Years Of Flipped Classrooms: Lessons Learned, Nick Senske

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

In recent years, flipped classrooms have gained in popularity at many universities. However, they remain uncommon in design education. This paper presents the author's experiences creating and teaching flipped classrooms for required computing and communications courses over the past five years. In each of the two case studies, the introduction of flipped classrooms produced improvements in student learning outcomes, student engagement, and more efficient uses of school resources (e.g. contact hours, classroom space, TA's, etc.) compared to nonflipped versions of the courses. The author presents the details of the course structures, assessment methodology, and outcomes for the ...


Unplugging Inequality: Computational Futures For Architecture, Shelby Doyle, Nick Senske Mar 2017

Unplugging Inequality: Computational Futures For Architecture, Shelby Doyle, Nick Senske

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

In the 21st century, technologies like the Internet are commonly regarded as an empowering and uplifting force. With the broad availability of low-cost distribution channels, software development tools, and rapid prototyping machines such as 3D printers, the potential exists for nearly anyone to disrupt industries and find success. This optimism is mirrored in architecture, where, over the last 25 years, technologies such as CAD (Computer Aided Design), parametric design, BIM (Building Information Modeling), digital fabrication, and robotics have been a critical site of innovation, as architects seek to challenge traditional methods of designing and delivering buildings.


Sheen: Beauty, Latency And The Post-Industrial Landscape, Peter P. Goché Feb 2017

Sheen: Beauty, Latency And The Post-Industrial Landscape, Peter P. Goché

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Just as a silhouette, the shadow of our memory stands in sharp contrast to its background. As the sun passes over, so too does the shadow’s distinction. And now, in the late afternoon, we are shown our experience, no longer a shadow. We depart day wondering about the circumstances which calendar such events. And so, too, we speculate on its connection to ancient ritual – to night.


Outsider Ethics And Marginalized Aesthetics: The Value Of Contemporary Environmental Philosophies For Designing Sustainable Architecture, Andrea Wheeler Jan 2017

Outsider Ethics And Marginalized Aesthetics: The Value Of Contemporary Environmental Philosophies For Designing Sustainable Architecture, Andrea Wheeler

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

In this paper, I will explore the work of two contemporary environmental philosophers: Gernot Böhme, celebrated for his philosophy of architectural atmosphere although less known for his work on ecological aesthetics, and Luce Irigaray, a French philosopher renowned for her work inspiring a generation of feminist scholars but less well discussed for her work on environmental ethics. For Böhme, our designed environments are experienced through atmosphere; we feel our own presence in a built environment and feel the environment in which we are present. His approach to design depends on feeling experienced through being in space rather than seeing space ...


Democratizing Access And Identifying Inequalities: Gender, Technology, Architecture, Shelby Doyle, Nick Senske Jan 2017

Democratizing Access And Identifying Inequalities: Gender, Technology, Architecture, Shelby Doyle, Nick Senske

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

While technology has rapidly become more accessible to more people, its benefits are not always evenly shared. This paper searches for methods of identifying and defining gender inequality in architecture as it relates to digital technology and computation. The authors begin by documenting and then questioning existing metrics for measuring women’s participation in architecture, then look outside the field to STEM disciplines, educational research, and economic theory as means of framing this research agenda. By examining and critiquing current patterns of technological distribution and academic culture, the authors seek to foster greater equality in education, architecture, and, consequently, the ...


Seeing What Is Not There Yet: Le Corbusier And The Architectural Space Of Photographs, Daniel Naegele Nov 2016

Seeing What Is Not There Yet: Le Corbusier And The Architectural Space Of Photographs, Daniel Naegele

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Le Corbusier (1887-1965) was both a great architect and a graphic designer par excellence. Though he built only 62 buildings, he wrote 56 books, including 8 volumes of his renowned Œuvre Complete, reports on himself that he published every five years beginning in 1929. The Œuvre Complete featured photographs of buildings designed by Le Corbusier. Though Le Corbusier, himself, did not take the photographs, he did select them, crop them, edit them, and place them on the books' pages together with other photographs, text, titles, page numbers, and drawings. Le Corbusier understood that photography, rather than simply picturing an architecture ...


Speculative Futures: Drawing Culture, Peter P. Goché Oct 2016

Speculative Futures: Drawing Culture, Peter P. Goché

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Architecture’s recent resurrection from the pragmatics of modernism in the wake of the technological revolution raises questions about the operative intent of drawing. This return, by engaging new digital techniques with which the draftsman is more efficiently able to figure out and describe design outcome, has yielded renewed frontiers of conceit and observation aided by exploratory drawing media and methods. Contemporary drawing practices offer generative and speculative potential in the process of making and re-making specific to our immediate culture-space.


Between Design And Digital: Bridging The Gaps In Architectural Education, Shelby Doyle, Nick Senske Jan 2016

Between Design And Digital: Bridging The Gaps In Architectural Education, Shelby Doyle, Nick Senske

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Developing technologies, such as computational design and digital fabrication, are transforming the design and construction of contemporary architecture. Today, architecture schools are tasked with introducing digital technologies as they are changing, creating an opportunity to develop innovative curricula and democratize access to these skills. However, the understanding of how to teach digital technology as an essential design skill has not kept pace with these rapid changes. Design education and digital technology education continue to be seen as separate loci of learning, separated by pedagogical gaps and teaching mindsets.


All Hands On Deck: Instructors As Collaborators And The Modified Dynamics Of Design Build Interaction, Rob Whitehead, Carl Rogers Jan 2016

All Hands On Deck: Instructors As Collaborators And The Modified Dynamics Of Design Build Interaction, Rob Whitehead, Carl Rogers

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

In beginning architectural education, design-build studios offer uniquely challenging, but beneficial, learning opportunities. Because of the elevated expectation that the studio activities will conclude with an occupied environment designed and built primarily by students, students and instructors have to bear new responsibilities and apply a broader range of skills towards the project. These new responsibilities require responsive pedagogical adjustments.


The Urban Infrastructure For Sustainability: Learning From Kigali, Marwan Ghandour Jan 2016

The Urban Infrastructure For Sustainability: Learning From Kigali, Marwan Ghandour

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Until 2013, when a new master plan for the city was approved, Kigali had very few urban regulations in place. Incremental constructions, usually associated with informal urbanization, were the norm rather than the exception. Most of the city fabric grew organically creating a unique configuration of urban adjacencies, which would be improbable for planners and designers to imagine. This configuration is particular to the geographic, economic and social conditions of the city as incremental urbanization slowly adjusted to the living conditions, through the actions of thousands of city residents over a long period of time. These actions were formed in ...


Data-Driven Persistent Monitoring Of Indoor Air Systems, Sambuddha Ghosal, Chao Liu, Ulrike Passe, Shan He, Soumik Sarkar Jan 2016

Data-Driven Persistent Monitoring Of Indoor Air Systems, Sambuddha Ghosal, Chao Liu, Ulrike Passe, Shan He, Soumik Sarkar

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Persistent monitoring of Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) within and around buildings and structures is critical to reduce risk of indoor health concerns. Specifically, IAQ issues in large integrated buildings may stem from inadequate ventilation and/or faults in the complex HVAC systems that together with control and communication systems can be considered as complex Cyber Physical Systems (CPSs). We propose a data-driven framework for monitoring distributed complex CPSs that reliably captures cyber and physical sub-system behaviors as well as their interaction characteristics. Using such learning methods, we aim to identify the anomalies and faults at an early stage such that ...


Supporting Students: Using Anthropomorphic Structures To Enhance Early Structures Education, Rob Whitehead Jan 2016

Supporting Students: Using Anthropomorphic Structures To Enhance Early Structures Education, Rob Whitehead

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

After two classmates had lifted her off the ground by pulling her arms and legs apart, a smiling but somewhat weary student rolled over on the ground, looked up, and asked, "Are you sure this is architecture?" It was a fair question. An hour later, after her group had been shown the similarities between the structure they'd built with their bodies and the roof of Madison Square Garden, the connection became clearer.


Hydrophobic Paper Architecture: Studies In The Sustainability Of Impermanent Structures, Shelby Doyle, Leslie Forehand Jan 2016

Hydrophobic Paper Architecture: Studies In The Sustainability Of Impermanent Structures, Shelby Doyle, Leslie Forehand

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

“The problem with a tent is that when you use it you throw it away, so it’s money that melts.”–Alejandro Aravena

The social project of architecture has long been fascinated with emergency and refugee housing as a primary unit of architectural and urban development. For decades, architects have proposed alternatives to the United Nations’ blue tent cities that are the principal image associated with humanitarian aid and its resulting urbanism. During the 2016 Venice Biennale Reporting from the Front, curator Alejandro Aravena challenges architects to reconsider the discipline’s relationship to society’s most urgent challenges. The ongoing ...


Exploring Learning Objectives For Digital Design In Architectural Education, Shelby Doyle, Nick Senske Jan 2016

Exploring Learning Objectives For Digital Design In Architectural Education, Shelby Doyle, Nick Senske

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

: What are the objectives of teaching digital design in architecture? While this seems a rather primitive inquiry it in fact is loaded with misunderstanding and disagreement. This paper aims to bring accepted educational research about learning objectives into the discussion of digital design’s relationship to architecture. In particular, Bloom’s Taxonomy is introduced and referenced as a tool for creating clarity, transparency, and accountability among educators. The purpose of reflecting upon learning objectives for digital design in architecture is not to produce a definitive list of what students ought to learn. Learning objectives are written for specific curricula, student ...


Soft Skills For Digital Designers, Shelby Doyle, Nick Senske Jan 2016

Soft Skills For Digital Designers, Shelby Doyle, Nick Senske

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Computer-Aided Drafting and Design (CADD) technologies have become commonplace in architectural practice as tools of efficiency and production. For these very reasons the introduction of CADD in early architectural curricula has been fraught with anxieties along a continuum: from the undoing of creativity through positivist and reductionist logic 1 to a firm belief that these technologies will revolutionize the way architects practice and think about design. 2 At the same time, there is a presumption that students who have grown up with digital technologies are “digital natives” who possess special aptitudes or insights which are disruptive to learning computing. The ...


Thinking + Making: Digital Craft As Social Project, Shelby Elizabeth Doyle Jan 2016

Thinking + Making: Digital Craft As Social Project, Shelby Elizabeth Doyle

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

No abstract provided.


Model Behavior: The Evolving Use Of Physical Prototypes In Structural Shell Design, 1959-1974, Rob Whitehead Jan 2016

Model Behavior: The Evolving Use Of Physical Prototypes In Structural Shell Design, 1959-1974, Rob Whitehead

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

During a critical fifteen-year period of time, Heinz Isler and Frei Otto advanced the way physical models were used in the design development, analysis, and documentation of several innovative structural shell designs .


Bringing Bauhaus Back: Digital Architecture + Contemporary Craft, Shelby Elizabeth Doyle Jan 2016

Bringing Bauhaus Back: Digital Architecture + Contemporary Craft, Shelby Elizabeth Doyle

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

“The Bauhaus believes the machine to be our modern medium of design and seeks to come to terms with it.” –Walter Gropius, The Theory and Organization of the Bauhaus German architect

Walter Gropius founded the Bauhaus in 1919 and after fourteen prolific years, it closed. Despite its short tenure, the ramifications of the Bauhaus are still present in architectural education and practice. Its core objective was a radical, and still unrealized, concept: the unity of art and technology. The introduction of contemporary digital tools, techniques, and materials make this unity possible in new and profound ways thereby extending the Bauhaus ...


The Energy Between Us: Two Affective And Intertwined Space-Times Evoked By Architecture As Prelude To A Proper Sharing?, Andrea Wheeler, Aniket Nagdive Sep 2015

The Energy Between Us: Two Affective And Intertwined Space-Times Evoked By Architecture As Prelude To A Proper Sharing?, Andrea Wheeler, Aniket Nagdive

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

“I enter a building, see a room, and…” Peter Zumthor writes, “in a fraction of a second I have this feeling about it” (Zumthor 2006: 13). As an immediately grasped judgment of environmental character, atmosphere has been described as a collaboration of an infinite number of multisensory factors: a non-material experience, contrasting centuries of tradition understanding architecture as material artefact experienced through the limitation of vision (Pallasmaa 2014: 20).


Building A Shared World As A Definition Of Sustainable Architecture, Andrea Wheeler Jun 2015

Building A Shared World As A Definition Of Sustainable Architecture, Andrea Wheeler

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Whilst the current debates on sustainable architecture is dominated by a conversation about energy performance and abstract certification—each easily manipulated to serve commercial gain—I argue that a philosophical reconsideration of relationality is key to a sustainable built environment, examining sustainable architecture through the perspective of Luce Irigaray’s philosophy of being-two. Defining sustainable architecture is a notoriously difficult proposition. Ambitious claims abound, demanding a critical distance, but equally important and necessary self-criticisms are heard. Edward Mazria (2013) founder of the Architecture 2030 Challenge, argues that “life depends on design.” Whilst the building sector as a whole, a major ...


The Agricultural Urbanism Toolkit: Using Health And Wellness To Create New Urban Infrastructures, Nadia Anderson, Courtney Long May 2015

The Agricultural Urbanism Toolkit: Using Health And Wellness To Create New Urban Infrastructures, Nadia Anderson, Courtney Long

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Poverty, obesity, and vacant land are characteristics of neighborhoods lacking adequate access to healthy, affordable food, frequently referred to as “food deserts” or “food swamps” (USDA, 2013). While small-scale local food efforts such as community gardens are often present in these areas, they are often isolated and not connected to systems including production, processing, and distribution. The Agricultural Urbanism Toolkit links these aspects of agricultural systems with underutilized spatial assets and local food efforts to create more comprehensive healthy food systems. This paper presents results from the first year of the Toolkit.


Rebuilding A Framework For Learning: Rethinking Structural Design Instruction In An Architectural Curriculum, Rob Whitehead Jan 2015

Rebuilding A Framework For Learning: Rethinking Structural Design Instruction In An Architectural Curriculum, Rob Whitehead

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Architectural design relies upon structural design principles to help gracefully resist the stresses of building elements that enclose spaces. This discipline and expertise of integration typically takes years to develop but unfortunately, instead of teaching these skills side-by-side with coordinated expectations for escalating levels of expertise, representation, and analysis, these courses have frequently been separated from each other in architectural curricula. The oppositional pedagogical methodologies and differential expectations for development that occur as a result of this have adverse consequences for student learning and practical preparedness. This paper, intended for a national target audience of university faculty and practitioners, will ...


Ten Concrete Buildings: Donald Judd’S Incomplete Integrations Of Art & Engineering, Rob Whitehead Jan 2015

Ten Concrete Buildings: Donald Judd’S Incomplete Integrations Of Art & Engineering, Rob Whitehead

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

This paper will examine the relationship between artistic intentions and structural constraints of materiality and form related to the work of Donald Judd’s ten concrete buildings at the Chinati Foundation in Marfa, Texas. Although the project was designed to be an ambitious structural thin shell concrete buildings, only minimal documentation of the project was produced, and only portions of the buildings were eventually completed. The paper will discuss the buildings in relation to Judd’s other work, including his large-scale sculptures and other architectural designs.


Rural Post-Industrial Landscapes: The Perceptual Practice Of The Generative Site Plan, Peter P. Goché, Ziad Qureshi Jan 2015

Rural Post-Industrial Landscapes: The Perceptual Practice Of The Generative Site Plan, Peter P. Goché, Ziad Qureshi

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

This presentation will discuss the generative role of the site plan in the interdisciplinary consideration of the post-industrial landscape as a constructed, cultural artifact. During their investigations, design students at Iowa State University addressed the perceptual aspects and unique strategies of situation and location, through the particular lens of the iterative site plan drawing. As an introduction to dealing with these issues of “site,” each effort involved a careful and multi-scalar examination of environmental phenomena and patterns of use and settlement, revealed and affected by the post-industrial architectural artifact.


The Phiale As A Spatial Icon, Jelena Bogdanović Jan 2015

The Phiale As A Spatial Icon, Jelena Bogdanović

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

This paper examines phialae as spatial icons by focusing on their micro-architecture and related spiritual and sacramental meanings. Similar in architectural form and meaning to ablution and baptismal fonts, phialae were distinct installations for holy water fonts, which were used for ceremonies related to the blessing of holy water but would also invoke references to the cleansing of sins and the sacrament of baptism.


Oscillation, Peter P. Goché Jan 2015

Oscillation, Peter P. Goché

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Our experience as occupants of a particular setting begins with the impulse to instantaneously scrutinize everything. This impulse is sustained through an often precisely choreographed threshold. As architect and artist, my goal is to assist the occupant in maintaining their initial ontological wakefulness through staging, often-temporary assemblies within a host space and thereby enhance its topographic fidelity.


Formative Experiences: Saarinen's Shells And The Evolutionary Impact Of Construction Challenges, Rob Whitehead Jan 2015

Formative Experiences: Saarinen's Shells And The Evolutionary Impact Of Construction Challenges, Rob Whitehead

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

A half-century ago, Eero Saarinen and Associates collaborated with the structural engineers of Ammann & Whitney in the design, documentation, and oversight of two very different, and completely unprecedented, concrete shell projects: Kresge Auditorium (1951-55) and TWA Terminal (1956-62). The building designs were intentionally anomalous from traditional shell projects, particularly in the manner by which they deviated from conventional structural logic of their forms-albeit in very different ways.

Unsurprisingly, the construction challenges for the projects were equally different and profound, requiring a great deal of innovation and collaboration. Design teams had to devise ways to work collaboratively to address the particular ...


Comprehensive And Creative Conclusions: Enhancing Structural Design Educational Opportunities In Labs For Architecture Students, Rob Whitehead Jan 2015

Comprehensive And Creative Conclusions: Enhancing Structural Design Educational Opportunities In Labs For Architecture Students, Rob Whitehead

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

For decades, structural design has erroneously been taught to architecture students using a modified version of an engineering-based pedagogical model. Instead of imparting a broad range of information for how structural design considerations could be critically integrated into architectural design, these courses instead focus on a narrow range of curricular topics and analytical methods that negatively impact the preparedness of architectural students for practice. To help address these deficiencies, the entire building technology course sequence at Iowa State University, has been dramatically reconfigured as a collaborative and integrative teaching environment that uses active learning environments and unique classroom activities to ...