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Selected Works

2002

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Articles 1 - 20 of 20

Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Applications Of Underground Structures For The Protection Of Critical Infrastructure, George H. Baker, Richard G. Little, Don A. Linger Nov 2002

Applications Of Underground Structures For The Protection Of Critical Infrastructure, George H. Baker, Richard G. Little, Don A. Linger

George H Baker

The U.S. President’s Commission on Critical Infrastructure Protection (PCCIP), convened in the wake of the bombing of the Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, concluded that the nation’s physical security and economic security depend on our critical energy, communications, and computer infrastructures. While a primary motivating event for the establishment of the commission was the catastrophic physical attack of the Murrah Building, it is ironic that the commission focused its attention primarily on cyber threats. Their rationale was that cyber vulnerabilities posed a new, unaddressed challenge to infrastructure security. This approach was further questioned by the events ...


Information And Communication Technology And The Part Urban Planners Can Play, P. Wales Oct 2002

Information And Communication Technology And The Part Urban Planners Can Play, P. Wales

Ned Wales

Extract:

At the beginning of the new millennium, information and communications technologies (ICT’s) are the centre of interest for both business and government. Increasingly, new development and urban policy is concerned with the opportunities and threats posed by the digital revolution and business and government need to respond strategically. The advantages of a proactive approach to ICT’s and the spin-off economic activity is the opportunity to create more sustainable communities which incorporate clean industry and reductions in use of non-renewable resources.

Despite recent market trends where correction in over speculative activity has seen technology stocks decline, it is ...


Sprawl, Growth Boundaries And The Rehnquist Court , Michael E Lewyn Sep 2002

Sprawl, Growth Boundaries And The Rehnquist Court , Michael E Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

This article addresses the constitutionality and wisdom of Oregon's urban growth boundary (UGB) program. The article concludes that the program is constitutional under current precedent, and that (contrary to claims made by UGB critics) there is little evidence that the UGB has caused Oregon's runup in housing prices. On the other hand, UGB supporters may have exaggerated the UGB's positive environmental results.


Inside Green, Hazreena Hussein Jul 2002

Inside Green, Hazreena Hussein

Hazreena Hussein

NIL


Impervious Surfaces And Water Quality: A Review Of Current Literature And Its Implications For Watershed Planning, Elizabeth Brabec Apr 2002

Impervious Surfaces And Water Quality: A Review Of Current Literature And Its Implications For Watershed Planning, Elizabeth Brabec

Elizabeth Brabec

Impervious surfaces have for many years been recognized as an indicator of the intensity of the urban environment and, with the advent of urban sprawl, they have become a key issue in habitat health. Although a considerable amount of research has been done to define impervious thresholds for water quality degradation, there are a number of flaws in the assumptions and methodologies used. Given refinement of the methodology, accurate and usable parameters for preventative watershed planning can be developed, which include impervious surface thresholds and a balance between pervious and impervious surfaces within a watershed.


Images Of Bosnia, Joel Halpern Mar 2002

Images Of Bosnia, Joel Halpern

Joel M. Halpern

The images which appear here are, unless otherwise indicated, are copyright Joel M. Halpern and taken from the catalog of an exhibition entitled The Thin Veneer; the Peoples of Bosnia and their Disappearing Cultural Heritage (Copyright 1997, University of Massachusetts Amherst and used by permission). Copies of the catalog are available for $ 6.00 including postage, from: Betsy Siersma, Director, University Art Gallery, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01002. Part of this presentation is also available online at http://www.h-net.org/~sae/halpern/photos.html.


La Descentralización En América Latina. Una Perspectiva Comparada, Fernando Carrión Mena Feb 2002

La Descentralización En América Latina. Una Perspectiva Comparada, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

El proceso centralizador de la sociedad, la economía, la cultura, la política y el territorio -en un contexto de globalización y revoluci6n científico-tecnológica- ha conducido al desarrollo de su antítesis: la descentralización. Esta evolución, que se inició en Europa con anticipación a lo ocurrido en América Latina, requiere ser conocida y analizada, realizando un balance de las principales experiencias, así como de la historia de los procesos particulares, puesto que se ha constatado que, aunque existen cierras constantes, no hay un modelo general de descentralización: cada país en cada momento debe encontrar las soluciones más adecuadas para contrarrestar los efectos ...


Agricultural Land Fragmentation: The Spatial Effects Of Three Land Protection Strategies In The Eastern United States, Elizabeth Brabec, Chip Smith Feb 2002

Agricultural Land Fragmentation: The Spatial Effects Of Three Land Protection Strategies In The Eastern United States, Elizabeth Brabec, Chip Smith

Elizabeth Brabec

Fragmentation of agricultural land by urban sprawl affects both the agricultural production capacity of the land and its rural scenic quality. In order to assess the resulting fragmentation of the three most common types of agricultural land conservation tools in the United States, this study analyzes the spatial form of three land protection strategies: a purchase of development rights (PDR) program, a clustering program and a transfer of development rights program. By assessing a series of measures of success such as total acreage protected, size of parcels, contiguity and farming status, the study compares the effectiveness of programs that have ...


The Urban Development Of Rome In The Age Of Alexander Vii, Dorothy Habel Dec 2001

The Urban Development Of Rome In The Age Of Alexander Vii, Dorothy Habel

Dorothy Metzger Habel

Habel considers the urban development of Rome in the mid-seventeenth century under Alexander VII, suggesting that the Chigi pope masterminded a new conceptualization of the city grounded in the architectural formulas of late antique Roman Asia. Habel argues that these planning methods contributed formally and iconographically to the architectural future of Rome. Incorporating in-depth archival sources, working and presentational drawings, and the physical fabric of key monuments and their situation within the topography of Rome, Habel's study offers a new and innovative model for histories of urban architecture and planning.


George Herbert And The Architecture Of Anglican Worship, Clifford Davidson Dec 2001

George Herbert And The Architecture Of Anglican Worship, Clifford Davidson

Clifford Davidson

Rpt. in Selected Studies, 220–43.


Results Of Audio-Visual Winter Road Condition Sensor Prototype, Kevin Mcfall, T. Niittula Dec 2001

Results Of Audio-Visual Winter Road Condition Sensor Prototype, Kevin Mcfall, T. Niittula

Kevin McFall

After several years of research in winter road condition classification, an automated prototype has been tested. Classification is achieved with artificial neural networks based on data from either images of the road, acoustic signals of vehicles passing the sensor, or a combination of the two. Systems based on either images or signals give good results for some road condition classes, but the most reliable results are for the hybrid system. Hybrid results are reliable for icy, snowy, and wet road conditions but not for dry. Dry results can be improved with more
representative training data and/or further integration with ...


Do Houses Evolve? Neo-Biology At House_N, William Braham Dec 2001

Do Houses Evolve? Neo-Biology At House_N, William Braham

William W. Braham

This paper inquires about neo-biology in architecture by examining House_n, a compelling house-of-the-future project that emerged from a design workshop at MIT conducted by Kent Larson and Chris Luebkeman at MIT in 1998. House_n has since expanded from a relatively direct “home of the future” to a “research consortium” called Changing Places that “explores how new technologies, materials, and strategies for design can make possible dynamic, evolving places that respond to the complexities of life.”3 It is a remarkably successful project whose organizing concepts and keywords—changing, dynamic, evolving, and complexity—have made it broadly appealing to manufacturers, designers ...


The Neighborhood Concept: A Retrospective Of Physical Design And Social Interaction, Nicholas Patricios Dec 2001

The Neighborhood Concept: A Retrospective Of Physical Design And Social Interaction, Nicholas Patricios

Nicholas Patricios

In 1929 the neighborhood concept was published separately in two forms. First was the neighborhood idea of Clarence Stein and Henry Wright, exemplified in their plan for Radburn. Second was the Neighborhood Unit idea of Clarence Perry. Since then, for the past seven decades, the concept has been applied and adapted internationally. Over this period the concepts original principles of neighborhood physical design, in both its forms, have varied with little controversy. What has been and is still an issue is the nature of the relationship between the neighborhood's physical arrangement and the social interaction among its residents. The ...


Monumenti Storici Ebraici In Europa, Samuel D. Gruber Dr. Dec 2001

Monumenti Storici Ebraici In Europa, Samuel D. Gruber Dr.

Samuel D. Gruber, Ph.D.

Reviews ten years in the developing field of historic preservation of Jewish monuments, focusing on projects in Europe, including those of the Jewish Heritage Program of the World Monuments Fund.


Urban Design Principles Of The Original Neighborhood Concepts, Nicholas Patricios Dec 2001

Urban Design Principles Of The Original Neighborhood Concepts, Nicholas Patricios

Nicholas Patricios

The neighbourhood concept is arguably one of the major planning landmarks that shaped the urban form of the twentieth century city in many countries. Coincidently, both the neighbourhood idea of Clarence Stein and Henry Wright, exemplified in their plan for Radburn, and the Neighbourhood Unit idea of Clarence Perry were published in 1929. The urban design principles of Stein and Wright included the idea of a superblock of residential units grouped around a central green, the separation of vehicles and pedestrians, and a road hierarchy with culs-de-sac for local access roads. A cluster of superblocks was to form a self-contained ...


Greenways As Strategic Landscape Planning: Theory And Application, Jack F. Ahern Dec 2001

Greenways As Strategic Landscape Planning: Theory And Application, Jack F. Ahern

Jack F. Ahern

This thesis investigates greenways as an emerging strategy for landscape planning. In the thesis, greenways are researched through case studies in the Netherlands and the USA and through published literature. Application of the greenway concept is made to several landscape planning projects in the USA. An original greenway typology is proposed based on: scale, goals, spatial context, and planning strategy. Using the typology, greenway planning is compared with other contemporary landscape planning concepts and activities including: ecological networks, wildlife corridors, and habitat networks. The thesis discusses three fundamental benefits of greenways: the hypothesis of co-occurrence of resources; the inherent benefits ...


O Uso Comercial Das Redes: O Caso Da World Wide Web, Eloi Martins Senhoras Dec 2001

O Uso Comercial Das Redes: O Caso Da World Wide Web, Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.


Goshen Learns Environmental Planning, Gregg P. Macey Dec 2001

Goshen Learns Environmental Planning, Gregg P. Macey

Gregg P. Macey

In many respects, the environmental justice movement holds a mirror to the field of planning. A growing body of evidence suggests that land use controls and statutory frameworks can contribute to the overburdening of low-income and minority districts with the hazards of industrial pollution. At the same time, the distributional effects of planning practice are seldom countered with attempts to adequately enforce industrial performance standards, set up emergency response capabilities, protect residents from the effects of pollution, or include residents in decision-making. This paper documents the efforts of Goshen, North Carolina, an agricultural community that has survived from Reconstruction to ...


New Strategies And Collaborations Target Homelessness, Dennis P. Culhane Dec 2001

New Strategies And Collaborations Target Homelessness, Dennis P. Culhane

Dennis P. Culhane

No abstract provided.


Strategies And Guidelines For Waterfront Developments, Hazreena Hussein Dec 2001

Strategies And Guidelines For Waterfront Developments, Hazreena Hussein

Hazreena Hussein

NIL