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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

A Framework For Assessing Alternative Agro-Ecosystems: Finding Multi-Functional Solutions For Sustainable Urban Landscapes., Thais H. Thiesen Ms. Nov 2016

A Framework For Assessing Alternative Agro-Ecosystems: Finding Multi-Functional Solutions For Sustainable Urban Landscapes., Thais H. Thiesen Ms.

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Creating sustainable urban landscapes in light of growing population pressures requires interdisciplinary multi-functional solutions. Alternative agro-ecosystems described as food forests, permaculture gardens, and/or edible landscapes among others could offer potential ways to address the social, economic and ecological goals of various stakeholders simultaneously. The present research used a unique rubric, the Permaculture and Agro-ecosystems Sustainability Scorecard (PASS) that combines existing agricultural and landscape sustainability indicators in order to assess alternative agro-ecosystems. The rubric evaluates provisioning, regulating, supporting and cultural ecosystem services such as pollinator presence, biodiversity, pesticides and fertilizer use, carbon sequestration and human interactions. The PASS was used ...


Understanding Immigrants' Travel Behavior In Florida: Neighborhood Effects And Behavioral Assimilation, Nishat Zaman Nov 2014

Understanding Immigrants' Travel Behavior In Florida: Neighborhood Effects And Behavioral Assimilation, Nishat Zaman

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The goal of this study was to develop Multinomial Logit models for the mode choice behavior of immigrants, with key focuses on neighborhood effects and behavioral assimilation. The first aspect shows the relationship between social network ties and immigrants’ chosen mode of transportation, while the second aspect explores the gradual changes toward alternative mode usage with regard to immigrants’ migrating period in the United States (US). Mode choice models were developed for work, shopping, social, recreational, and other trip purposes to evaluate the impacts of various land use patterns, neighborhood typology, socioeconomic-demographic and immigrant related attributes on individuals’ travel behavior ...


Transdisciplinary Teams And Aging In Place Design : The Interior Designer's Role, Liliana Alicia Custy Jul 2009

Transdisciplinary Teams And Aging In Place Design : The Interior Designer's Role, Liliana Alicia Custy

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study examined factors influencing participatory research team effectiveness in aging in place (AIP) design (Stokols, et al„, 2008). Although research on AIP design characterizes AIP as collaborative process, there are few studies on the factors that affect collaboration in participatory research applied to AIP. This study used a qualitative narrative strategy in a multiple case-study analysis conducted from a transdisciplinary research (TR) perspective. The case-study focused on the factors that enhanced and constrained Open n Prototype Initiative (OPI) team effectiveness.

TR is a precise type of teamwork of integrative endeavors, focused on the science and society interface, and aimed ...


Improving Concept Learning In Green Building By Addressing Students' Learning Styles And Prior Knowledge, Sreelatha Chunduri Nov 2008

Improving Concept Learning In Green Building By Addressing Students' Learning Styles And Prior Knowledge, Sreelatha Chunduri

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In green building there is a requirement for the collaboration of students from different disciplines in order to solve challenging problems. Successful collaboration depends on the establishment of a common understanding of the subject matter among those involved. To gain common understanding concept learning is critical. A concept learning process may be improved when factors affecting it are addressed. Prior knowledge and learning styles of the students may influence the way they learn concepts. This thesis is focused on studying the relationship between a concept learning process and prior knowledge and learning styles of students. An experiment was conducted by ...


Cultural Identity In Landscape Architecture, Renovation Of Managua's Lakeside, Julio Alvarez Nov 2005

Cultural Identity In Landscape Architecture, Renovation Of Managua's Lakeside, Julio Alvarez

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis examines a design approach in landscape architecture in which cultural and historical values are reinterpreted in a contemporary urban environment. The site of this project is located in Managua's lakeside area, which was destroyed by hurricane Mitch in 1998. The lakeside area has been an attraction to Managua's residents because of its beautiful views and fresh breezes.

The majority of Nicaragua's population is of indigenous descent; however, Managua's urban environment is predominantly of European influence. The pre-Columbian heritage of Nicaraguans is hidden in their cultural expressions, such as the names of places and religious ...


How Monuments Shape Urban Identity, John O. Angée Sep 2005

How Monuments Shape Urban Identity, John O. Angée

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Monuments in our society commemorate historical events, acts or heroes, and educate people about them. Monuments are landmarks that stand out from other buildings to give the city identity and order.

This thesis asks how a monument can be designed to project a clear image at a distance and articulate a spatial experience at close range.

Two important monuments that form part of the life of America serve as examples: (1) The Statue of Liberty, in the New York Harbor, that has become the visual icon of New York if not the nation and (2) The Holocaust Memorial in Miami ...


The Analogy Of Skin In Architecture Revisited, Rene Croteau Jul 2005

The Analogy Of Skin In Architecture Revisited, Rene Croteau

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis re-examines the implications of skin as an architectural analogy. The metaphor of skin has a long history o f usage in architecture, particularly regarding the building enclosure system. This thesis focuses on the role o f the built skin as a place of interaction between the inside and outside, rather than a simple physical barrier. Through an examination of the structure and functions of human skin and building enclosures I investigated issues o f permeability in the design of a center for cartographic research in Miami Beach. I explored layering and interdigitation as strategies for controlling the passage ...


Reactive Architecture : Urban Recreational Center, Michael Figueredo Apr 2005

Reactive Architecture : Urban Recreational Center, Michael Figueredo

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis explores how architecture can be designed to react to changing conditions. In the design I address how the occupants of a building may change the exterior façade based on a change of events or on group size. This creates an architectural language on the façade for pedestrians and motorists to read those activities that are occurring.

The design project is a hybrid recreational center and plaza that is designed for the use of small groups and can be adapted for larger groups. By manipulating the ground plane I create spaces where the spectator becomes the display and the ...


Sustaining Culture Through Architecture : How Can Local, Vernacular Architectural Principles Be Adapted To Contemporary Design In A Village In Guyana, Davina Peters Bittner Apr 2005

Sustaining Culture Through Architecture : How Can Local, Vernacular Architectural Principles Be Adapted To Contemporary Design In A Village In Guyana, Davina Peters Bittner

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis explores how architecture can adapt local vernacular design principles to contemporary building design in a rural setting. Vernacular buildings in Guyana present a unique and coherent set of design principles developed in response to climatic and cultural conditions. The concept of “habitus” proposed by philosopher Pierre Bourdieu describing the evolving nature of social culture was used to interpret Guyanese local buildings. These principles were then applied to the design of a Women’s Center in the village of Port Mourant on the east coast of Guyana. The design specifically interpreted the “bottom-house” of local Guyanese architecture, an inherently ...


Transitional Areas Between Public And Private Space, Hernan Beillard Apr 2005

Transitional Areas Between Public And Private Space, Hernan Beillard

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study analyzes transitional areas between public and private space in order to develop a design that might improve social interaction in the city. Architectural elements in specific pedestrian friendly spaces within the Miami area were identified and analyzed as social spaces in terms developed by Ali Mandanipour.

Proximity, visual permeability, intersection, layering, and monumentality are design strategies used in many projects to enhance individual encounters. These strategies typically apply to transitional areas and serve as the direct physical links perceived by individuals moving between public and private areas. This project explores the different approaches to transitional areas in the ...


Cultural Influences : Visual Traces Of The Cuban Community In Hialeah, José Antonio Aguada Apr 2005

Cultural Influences : Visual Traces Of The Cuban Community In Hialeah, José Antonio Aguada

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis examines specific changes and modifications made to the domestic architecture of Hialeah that relate to the construction of cultural identity. Much of the study is based upon oral histories from twelve (12) Cuban immigrants now residing in Hialeah, focusing on their renovated houses as architectural responses to cultural and social changes in their community and family life.

The research focused specifically on those renovations that transformed standard developers' houses into the "Cuban" home. A shared theme was the creation of additions, where the point of connections between the existing and the new structures as well as how these ...


Baywalk Developing Landscape Memory, Rebecca Agnes Conable Apr 2004

Baywalk Developing Landscape Memory, Rebecca Agnes Conable

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this thesis was to investigate the narrative potential in the contours of a site, specifically, in contours shaped by dredge and fill. Contours provide a record of weather, growth and erosion as well as the processes of dredge and fill. In South Florida, our modification of both the coastline and inland swamps document the history of our occupation of the land. The record or memory of this change is often apparent only as an absence. This thesis design exposes the landscape narrative of dredge and fill in Miami's Biscayne Bay through the design of two ...


Mobile Architecture : Offering New Perceptions Of The City, Valeria G. Bettoli Apr 2004

Mobile Architecture : Offering New Perceptions Of The City, Valeria G. Bettoli

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this thesis is to explore the design of mobile architecture that challenges traditional ideas of site through the design of a museum to commemorate immigration to the United States. This thesis develops a floating, moveable, inhabitable structure that moves on the inter-coastal waterways of South Florida, within the public areas of Miami. The floating museum offers new perceptions of the city and new means of occupying its various settings. Its architectural elements do not change but are read differently in each location. The museum brings its exhibitions to the city as an event. One moment it is ...


Kit-Of-Parts Architecture : An Exploration Into The Standardization And Simplification Of An Urban Residential Building Unit, John Anderson Allmand Apr 2004

Kit-Of-Parts Architecture : An Exploration Into The Standardization And Simplification Of An Urban Residential Building Unit, John Anderson Allmand

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis focuses on the design of a construction method that utilizes a single adaptable kit-of-parts system. The new system is designed to be flexible while also enhancing construction speeds without severely limiting the building's ability to merge into an urban fabric. This thesis proposes a residential structure to be built from a handful of simple structural units.

This is accomplished through the design of a residential building situated in an area of Miami currently under reconstruction.


Parallel Relationships, Architecture And Water : The Urban Spa, Tobi Aycock Apr 2004

Parallel Relationships, Architecture And Water : The Urban Spa, Tobi Aycock

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis explores the relationship of architecture and water through the design of an urban spa that offers both a bodily and a poetic experience of water. Research included investigation of recent architectural projects that enhance and order the view, sound, and touch of water as well as projects that integrate fountains, showers and reflecting pools into the experience of a building.

In the design of the spa, the movement of water was based metaphorically on the natural water cycle: evaporation, condensation and collection of water in pools. The building presents fountains, rivulets, and pools in a descending sequence that ...


Retail Centers For Community : Addressing Both Pedestrian And Car Traffic, Luis Asturias Mar 2004

Retail Centers For Community : Addressing Both Pedestrian And Car Traffic, Luis Asturias

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this thesis was to redesign a commercial center in Miami, Florida in a manner that incorporates the needs of pedestrians as well as the automobile.

In my research, I studied projects that had been successful at integrating cars in retail design. I applied the strategies learned from this research to the design of a center that creates a positive interaction of pedestrian and car traffic, addressing the needs of the surrounding community.

I designed a master plan that includes a mix of residential, retail, commercial and parking space. The parking is designed so that the retail center ...


Palm Cottage Garden Historic Preservation, Vrushali J. Bharadwaj Mar 2004

Palm Cottage Garden Historic Preservation, Vrushali J. Bharadwaj

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Historic landscapes are vital elements of our nation's cultural continuum and must be protected as a part of living fabric of the community. This thesis addressed the preservation of historic landscape gardens, focusing on design strategies that can make historic time legible in landscape. It proposed a landscape plan for the preservation of Palm Cottage Garden in Gotha, Florida, a significant historic landscape resource.

To determine the criteria used to establish how and to what period the estate should be restored, the Secretary of the Interior's Guidelines for the Treatment of Cultural Landscapes was followed. This process involved ...


Kinetic Performance : A Study In Portable Architecture, Ernest Brian Abuin Nov 2003

Kinetic Performance : A Study In Portable Architecture, Ernest Brian Abuin

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to explore a new way of experiencing a performance space using the portability and flexibility of a cargo container. Since the 17th century there has been a split between theater, as a written work, and architecture. Theater has lost its founding essence becoming more about the structure and less about the performance.

Contemporary theater designs came through the development of street performances, which developed into theater types such as the Black Box and lately video and projection screening. With the exploration of kinetic uses in architecture and defragmentation of a cargo container there is ...


Design Of An Adequate Women's Asylum : Analysis And Architectonic Proposal For A Home For Women With Children In Need, Carmelina Alvarez-Giboyeaux Apr 2003

Design Of An Adequate Women's Asylum : Analysis And Architectonic Proposal For A Home For Women With Children In Need, Carmelina Alvarez-Giboyeaux

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to architecturally design a safe space where abused women with children can go to encourage changes in attitudes, beliefs, feelings, and behavioral patterns that hold back the progress of victims toward more satisfying lives.

This study then achieves the conditions in existing battered women's shelters facilities in order to understand the building programming. Several problems were identified. Existing shelters typically isolate battered women from society, locating them far from the urban context. They encourage only minimal education and lack spaces that enhance positive thinking. Considerations for design strategies were divided into different variables ...


Boundary : An Exploration Of Architecture's Power To Mark A Boundary, Ramon A. Arbesu Apr 2002

Boundary : An Exploration Of Architecture's Power To Mark A Boundary, Ramon A. Arbesu

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Cities are no longer recognizing their boundaries beyond their legal or political implications. This thesis explored the architecture of a boundary in the design of a structure that visually and symbolically marked the current Miami-Dade County development limit along Krome Avenue. This limit ultimately separates the city from the endangered Everglades ecosystem. Through the examination of ancient boundaries such as Medieval and Renaissance Military fortifications, as well as contemporary interventions such as Steven Holl's "Edge of the City Projects", an architectural vocabulary was developed considering the Double Wall, Bastion, Rampart, and Gate principles. However, rather than considering these principles ...


Lower Manhattan And The East River: An Investigation Into The Renewal Of The Lower East Side Waterfront, Todd A. Edge Dec 2001

Lower Manhattan And The East River: An Investigation Into The Renewal Of The Lower East Side Waterfront, Todd A. Edge

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

With the mid-20th Century construction of an elevated highway along Manhattan’s East River, the declining neighborhood of the Lower East Side was removed from its waterfront. As cities begin to re-examine their edges, I feel it is appropriate to address the issues of the Lower East Side community and its former riverfront. Utilizing the recent developments in Manhattan, London, and Chicago as a basis for determining how metropolitan areas are attempting to reconnect with their shores, a set of questions were developed, analyzed, and then applied to the Lower East Side. With the analysis of these questions providing the ...


Mountain Lake Colony Pinewood Estate Garden Historic Preservation, Elisabeth Matthies Barón Nov 2001

Mountain Lake Colony Pinewood Estate Garden Historic Preservation, Elisabeth Matthies Barón

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Pinewood Estate is a significant resource in the history of the theory and practice of landscape architecture. The purpose of this thesis is to provide a landscape plan to restore the Pinewood Estate to its historic integrity in order to retain and reflect its past.

In order to determine the criteria used to establish how and to what period the estate should be restored to, the Secretary of the Interior's Guidelines for the Treatment of Cultural Landscapes was followed. This process involved documenting the existing conditions of the estate. Site inventory and analysis and onsite interviews were conducted. Natural ...


Architecture As Friendly Interface A Digital Information Facility For The Village Of Islamorada, Linda Feinberg Apr 2001

Architecture As Friendly Interface A Digital Information Facility For The Village Of Islamorada, Linda Feinberg

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

As the objects of technology advance, today’s ubiquitous computers may soon vacate our desktops to inhabit society as cultural artifacts. This thesis explores individual’s relationships with current communication technologies. The consideration of scale in future information systems opens the door to opportunities for improvement. Architecture becomes the medium to relieve the issues of misinformation in Islamorada, Florida.

Future communication systems as conceptualized by the Cranbrook Academy of Art Industrial Design students, as well as similar systems implemented by M.l.T Media Lab students, were reviewed. Retrieving information will no longer be limited to the remote access of ...


Theorizing Suburban Public Space In Kendall, Fabio J. Bendana Apr 2001

Theorizing Suburban Public Space In Kendall, Fabio J. Bendana

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine whether public space in the suburbs has the same settings as that of a central city or if it has its own characteristics.

In order to approach this problem the area of Kendall was thoroughly studied by examining aerial maps, historic images and writings of local historians such as Donna Knowles Born. Heavy emphasis was placed on the transformation of the original one-mile grid characteristic of the city of Miami. As the area of Kendall was being developed, the grid was transformed into an irregular and organic method of laying out a ...


Calle Ocho Revived : Artists Studios Commemorate The Role Of Cuban Exiles (1960-1973) In The Development Of Calle Ocho, Pilar L. Benitez Apr 2001

Calle Ocho Revived : Artists Studios Commemorate The Role Of Cuban Exiles (1960-1973) In The Development Of Calle Ocho, Pilar L. Benitez

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to learn about the historical development of Eight Street in order to use this information in the revitalization of this area with the new migration of artists.

This study demonstrated a cyclical pattern prompted by the economical success of the immigrant group. The 1960 Cuban migration brought an era of life to Eight Street. As the Cubans became successful they left the area causing a decline. Presently the area is witnessing a migration of artists that may bring it new life.

The thesis retrofits buildings in this area to create a series of artist ...


Museum Of Urban Development And Headquarters For The Planning/Preservation Department Of The City Of Miami Beach., Roberto Bezold Apr 2001

Museum Of Urban Development And Headquarters For The Planning/Preservation Department Of The City Of Miami Beach., Roberto Bezold

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The objective of this research and thesis was to develop a program and project in the context of the Historic Art Deco District in Miami Beach. This project intended to analyze the chronological history of the urban development of the Art Deco District, its geographical, political and socio-cultural conditions as well as the evolution and different architectonic typologies of the area. In order to understand the issues involved in design in a historic context, this research addressed and analyzed several architectonic interventions within various historic places. This research concluded with the design of a public facility located at Ocean Drive ...


New Trends In Health Architecture For Children And The Effects Of The Built Environment On Young Patients, Luis Felipe Barahona Mar 2001

New Trends In Health Architecture For Children And The Effects Of The Built Environment On Young Patients, Luis Felipe Barahona

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The objective of this thesis was to investigate the effects of the built environment on the outcome of young patients. This investigation included recent innovations in children's hospitals that integrated both medical and architectural case studies as part of their design issues. In addition, the intervention responded to man-made conditions and natural elements of the site. The thesis project, a Children's Rehabilitation Hospital, is located at 1500 N.W. River Drive in Miami, Florida.

The thesis intervention emerged from a site analysis that focused on the shifting of the urban grid, the variation in scale of the immediate ...


Miami Interpretive Center, Raul E. Bejel Apr 1998

Miami Interpretive Center, Raul E. Bejel

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The rapid growth and diversity of the City of Miami has left its inhabitants somewhat lost in a city with much to offer. The challenge of this thesis is to provide Miami with an architectural proposal that enhances an understanding of its own urban context through both its form and function. Specifically, the Miami Interpretive Center (M.I.C.) will offer the community a research center for the study of the city, as well as a cultural and exhibition center to allow for the expression of its ever-changing character. With the use of historical context, site relationship and taking advantage ...