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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

An Exogenous Approach To Circumventing Demolition By Neglect: The Impact Of Agricultural Preservation On Historic Colonial Towns, Galen Newman Aug 2010

An Exogenous Approach To Circumventing Demolition By Neglect: The Impact Of Agricultural Preservation On Historic Colonial Towns, Galen Newman

All Dissertations

The effects of city decentralization and counter-urbanization of the American landscape have resulted in simultaneous negative impacts on both historic structures and agricultural landscapes. Rapid conversion of farmland has helped to facilitate the relocation of both populations and commercial activities in communities across the United States, leaving inner cities replete with functionless, unused, and unmaintained heritage structures. As civic core areas have become shells of their former selves, many once-vital structures have been removed while others have been abandoned and left to decay--a process known as demolition by neglect. While historic preservation efforts have attempted to salvage these historic structures ...


Gothic Revival Outbuildings Of Antebellum Charleston, South Carolina, Erin Marie Mcnicholl May 2010

Gothic Revival Outbuildings Of Antebellum Charleston, South Carolina, Erin Marie Mcnicholl

Master of Science in Historic Preservation Terminal Projects

The Gothic Revival was a movement of picturesque architecture that is found all over the United States on buildings built in the first half of the nineteenth century. In Antebellum Charleston people tended to cling to the classical styles of architecture even when the rest of the nation and Europe were enthusiastically embracing the different picturesque styles, such as Gothic Revival and Italianate. In the United States the Gothic Revival style can be found adorning buildings of every use. One of the unique applications to be found is on kitchen buildings and carriage houses. These applications exhibit traits of an ...


Volumes That Speak: The Architectural Books Of The Drayton Library Catalog And The Design Of Drayton Hall, Patricia Ann Lowe May 2010

Volumes That Speak: The Architectural Books Of The Drayton Library Catalog And The Design Of Drayton Hall, Patricia Ann Lowe

Master of Science in Historic Preservation Terminal Projects

Drayton Hall, an early eighteenth-century plantation house on the Ashley River in Charleston, South Carolina, is widely considered to be the first Palladian house in the United States. Now owned and operated by the National Trust for Historic Preservation, Drayton Hall is something of a laboratory for the study of archaeology, landscape architecture, material culture, social history, and historic preservation. Though new discoveries are made almost every day at Drayton Hall, the origins of the house’s design remain unknown.

In 2009, the Drayton Library Catalog was discovered within the Drayton manuscript collection containing references to seven popular eighteenth-century architectural ...


Charleston History Through Architecture: Educating Students About Historic Preservation, Cultural Heritage, And Social History In Charleston, South Carolina, Katherine Leslie Stamps May 2010

Charleston History Through Architecture: Educating Students About Historic Preservation, Cultural Heritage, And Social History In Charleston, South Carolina, Katherine Leslie Stamps

Master of Science in Historic Preservation Terminal Projects

No abstract provided.


Charleston History Through Architecture: Educating Students About Historic Preservation, Cultural Heritage, And Social History In Charleston, South Carolina, Katherine L. Stamps May 2010

Charleston History Through Architecture: Educating Students About Historic Preservation, Cultural Heritage, And Social History In Charleston, South Carolina, Katherine L. Stamps

Master of Science in Historic Preservation Terminal Projects

No abstract provided.


Case Study Analysis Of Clare Apartments, Lauren Sandy May 2010

Case Study Analysis Of Clare Apartments, Lauren Sandy

All Theses

The AIDS epidemic in the United States has killed upwards of 500,000 since 1981. New therapies introduced in the 1990's, HAART (highly actively anti-retroviral treatment), have largely converted what was once a death sentence into a long-term chronic illness. Initial approaches to treating the virus included palliative care and treatment for secondary infections. With advances in therapies and disease management, supportive services have shifted from a primarily medical approach to one that encompasses programs that address long-term quality of life concern, including but not limited to counseling services for mental health, chemical dependency, self-sufficiency; housing services; and occupational ...


Farm To School Programs As A Tool For Food System Sustainability, Samantha Jackson May 2010

Farm To School Programs As A Tool For Food System Sustainability, Samantha Jackson

All Theses

Are Farm to School Programs being utilized by communities as a component of agricultural sustainability? This initial question led to a larger inquiry as to what agricultural sustainability tools communities are incorporating, with Farm to School Programs as a component, and what roles, or potential roles, planners are playing in program creation and implementation. A literature review of the current food system, sustainability threats imbedded within the system, and the potential for local food system planning, specifically Farm to School Programs, to overcome these threats provided a framework for research on the agricultural sustainability tools being planned for within communities ...


Piecing It Together: The Introduction Of Delftware Tiles To North America And Their Enduring Legacy In Charleston, South Carolina, Josslyn Kay Stiner May 2010

Piecing It Together: The Introduction Of Delftware Tiles To North America And Their Enduring Legacy In Charleston, South Carolina, Josslyn Kay Stiner

All Theses

The economic and social history of delftware tiles in North America has not yet been synthesized and the use of delftware tiles south of Virginia is even less documented. In fact, even though Charleston, South Carolina exhibits numerous examples of this decorative art, there has been very little research conducted on this topic regarding the southern city. The following thesis presents an overview of delftware tile manufacture and use in Europe and America. Narrowing in scope, it compiles all of the published information on the subject in colonial America, focusing specifically on the use of delftware tiles in Charleston. It ...


'Werner Fecit': Christopher Werner And Nineteenth-Century Charleston Ironwork, Kelly Ciociola May 2010

'Werner Fecit': Christopher Werner And Nineteenth-Century Charleston Ironwork, Kelly Ciociola

All Theses

A recent discovery of Christopher Werner's account book has inspired and informed this investigation into the life and business of this nineteenth-century ironworker. This book was hidden for many years, preserved by a child's scrapbook clippings. A restoration of this book through the removal of later additions was done, and significant information pertaining to Werner's situation in the nineteenth century was revealed. This provided not only new knowledge on the blacksmith, but also context and perspective for additional research completed.
Comprehensive studies of Charleston craftsmen are scarce. While the products of their skills are appreciated throughout the ...


A Semi-Private Revival: Is There A Place For The Semi-Private Patient Room In American Hospitals?, Lindsay Todd May 2010

A Semi-Private Revival: Is There A Place For The Semi-Private Patient Room In American Hospitals?, Lindsay Todd

All Theses

Is there a place for the semi-private patient room in contemporary American hospitals? This thesis purposes that the semi-private room remains a viable option for some patient populations and care scenarios and merits reconsideration and redesign. This inquiry is among few in the literature devoted to advancing semi-private patient room design and application within contemporary healthcare. The semi-private room may yet offer increased opportunities to address pressing issues of increasing healthcare costs, improving operational efficiencies, and reducing environmental footprint while simultaneously attempting to address both longstanding and recent industry concerns with traditional semi-private patient rooms. Further, it will serve as ...


Collaboration And Road Safety On Indian Reservations, Leah Sirmin May 2010

Collaboration And Road Safety On Indian Reservations, Leah Sirmin

All Theses

Native Americans, as a group, face many challenges including the highest motor-vehicle fatality rate of any racial or ethnic group in the United States. While national motor-vehicle fatality rates have declined, the fatality rates for Indian reservations have continued to rise. Because addressing road safety requires significant interdisciplinary work, collaboration is an important tool; however, collaborations between tribal entities and non-tribal partners face a number of unique challenges including tense historical relationships, tribal sovereignty, and cultural differences. A variety of strategies can be utilized to address these challenges including methods such as regular face-to-face meetings to build trust, establishing formal ...


Community And Place: A Study Of Four African American Benevolent Societies And Their Cemeteries, Kimberly Martin May 2010

Community And Place: A Study Of Four African American Benevolent Societies And Their Cemeteries, Kimberly Martin

All Theses

Located on Charleston's Neck, immediately west of Magnolia Cemetery's main entrance, are a number of small cemeteries created by a variety of ethnicities and religions. These small cemeteries all possess the same physical orientation, giving no indication that the sites were created by differing groups. Among these are Friendly Union Cemetery, Brown Fellowship Cemetery, Humane and Friendly Cemetery, and Unity and Friendship Cemetery. All four cemeteries were created just before the outbreak of the Civil War by Free People of Color who organized themselves into benevolent societies. Free People of Color were African Americans who were not enslaved ...


A Study Of The Vernacular Beach Cottage Typologies Of Sullivan's Island, South Carolina And Documentary Drawings Of The Nathaniel Barnwell House For The Historic American Building Survey, Amelia Morgan Millar May 2010

A Study Of The Vernacular Beach Cottage Typologies Of Sullivan's Island, South Carolina And Documentary Drawings Of The Nathaniel Barnwell House For The Historic American Building Survey, Amelia Morgan Millar

Master of Science in Historic Preservation Terminal Projects

Sullivan’s Island, South Carolina is a coastal barrier island located to the northeast of Charleston Harbor. Utilized as a health retreat and vacation destination from the early 1810s to the 1930s by the wealthy of Charleston, the island now exists as a full-time residential community. The island’s residential structures consisted mainly of simple one to two story wood structures, many with substantial and distinctive porch designs. While there have been surveys completed of the location and histories of structures on the island, until now, there has not been a study of the particular architectural typologies or their prevalence ...


Stained Glass In The Holy City A Catalogue Of Ecclesiastical Stained Glass In Charleston, South Carolina, Eileen Grogan May 2010

Stained Glass In The Holy City A Catalogue Of Ecclesiastical Stained Glass In Charleston, South Carolina, Eileen Grogan

Master of Science in Historic Preservation Terminal Projects

Charleston, South Carolina, is internationally known for its characteristic architecture and commitment to historic preservation. A wide variety of religious denominations have been represented here since the city was founded in 1670, and ecclesiastical buildings play an important role in the city’s cultural and architectural history. Sailors returning to this early trading port dubbed it “The Holy City” for its church spires, so numerous they were visible even from out at sea. Many houses of worship on the peninsula are home to stained glass windows which date from the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. These windows are historically ...


A Survey Of The Ecclesiastical Building Of The J.A. Dempwolf Architecture Firm, York, Pennsylvania, Rebecca Morrish Cybularz Apr 2010

A Survey Of The Ecclesiastical Building Of The J.A. Dempwolf Architecture Firm, York, Pennsylvania, Rebecca Morrish Cybularz

Master of Science in Historic Preservation Terminal Projects

This thesis examines the ecclesiastical buildings of the J.A. Dempwolf architecture firm of York, Pennsylvania. The prolific firm brought architecture to small cities and rural areas of central Pennsylvania and northern Maryland during the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries.

During their tenure, the firm designed over six hundred buildings which included houses, churches, public buildings, hospitals, schools, and businesses; of these eighty-nine were ecclesiastical buildings. Included within this thesis are the survey of forty-five of the designed churches in chronological order by date of design and a list of the remaining forty-four. Also included are a history of the firm ...