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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Using Virtual And Augmented Reality To Study Architectural Lighting, James Birt, Patricia Manyuru, Jonathan Nelson Dec 2017

Using Virtual And Augmented Reality To Study Architectural Lighting, James Birt, Patricia Manyuru, Jonathan Nelson

Faculty of Society and Design Publications

This paper presents industry stakeholder insights from the implementation of a dual modality intervention using virtual and augmented reality simulation to study complex lighting theory in architecture design. Using a design based research method the aim is to evaluate these insights and inform a pilot study to educate first year architectural design students on the complexities of lighting the built environment and methods to improve architectural workflow. The aim is to enable learners to experience natural and artificial lighting methods comparatively in real-time through multiple comparative visualisation methods. This is important to make informed evaluations regarding architectural designs in terms ...


Cost Performance Of Public Infrastructure Projects: The Nemesis And Nirvana Of Change-Orders, Peter E D Love, Zahir Irani, Jim Smith, Michael Regan, Junxiao Liu Jul 2017

Cost Performance Of Public Infrastructure Projects: The Nemesis And Nirvana Of Change-Orders, Peter E D Love, Zahir Irani, Jim Smith, Michael Regan, Junxiao Liu

Faculty of Society and Design Publications

The cost performance of a wide range of public sector infrastructure projects completed by a contractor are analysed and discussed. Change-orders after a contract to construct an asset was signed were, on average, found to contribute to a 23.75% increase in project costs. A positive association between an increase in change orders and the contractor’s margin were identified. Taxpayers pay for this additional cost, while those charged with constructing assets are rewarded with an increase in their margins. As the public sector embraces an era of digitisation, there is a need to improve the integration of design and ...


Implementation Of 3d Integration Model For Project Delivery Success: Case Study, Amir Naser Ghanbaripour, Craig Langston, Ariyan Yousefi Apr 2017

Implementation Of 3d Integration Model For Project Delivery Success: Case Study, Amir Naser Ghanbaripour, Craig Langston, Ariyan Yousefi

Faculty of Society and Design Publications

The means for assessing what constitutes successful project delivery is a controversial topic in the literature, with many approaches and frameworks in play. This paper extends an existing three-dimensional (3D) integration model to include an assessment of triple-bottom-line (TBL) performance and applies it, for the first time, to a real-life case study. A subway station megaproject in Tehran, Iran, one of the busiest cities in the world, is retrospectively tested to evaluate its success. The new subway system is an important infrastructure project in Iran, and no research to date has evaluated its delivery from a project-management perspective. This paper ...


Capital Markets, Infrastructure Investment And Growth In The Asia Pacific Region, Michael Regan Feb 2017

Capital Markets, Infrastructure Investment And Growth In The Asia Pacific Region, Michael Regan

Faculty of Society and Design Publications

This paper examines the relationship between infrastructure investment activity, capital market development, the role of public institutions and economic development in the Asia Pacific. It adopts a review approach drawing on empirical evidence over recent decades. Infrastructure is shown to be an important asset class playing a central role in a nation’s output, growth, productivity and microeconomic performance. Infrastructure investment also requires investment and predictions of a widening gap in the future supply of infrastructure in the Asia Pacific will require new forms of capital from both traditional and new sources including wider use of private participation, institutional investment ...


Future Direction For Infrastructure Research, Michael Regan Jan 2017

Future Direction For Infrastructure Research, Michael Regan

Faculty of Society and Design Publications

Infrastructure was not a widely researched topic until Aschauer identified the wider economic benefits of investment in the United States during the 1980s. Achauer’s work was a catalyst for further research and debate as researchers tackled weakness in the production function approach to measurement and sought to adjust for two-way causation. The literature that followed confirmed a significant and causal connection between public investment, productivity and output and research moved to international panel data, regional economies and the relationship between infrastructure investment, output capacity, growth and productivity.


Maturity Of The Australian And Chinese Housing Markets: A Comparative Status Review, Isara Khanjanasthiti, Lynne Armitage, Hongyan Chen Jan 2017

Maturity Of The Australian And Chinese Housing Markets: A Comparative Status Review, Isara Khanjanasthiti, Lynne Armitage, Hongyan Chen

Faculty of Society and Design Publications

Each property market is inherently unique due to institutional differences in various factors such as lease law, planning protocols and land titling procedures. To acquire a greater understanding of a property market’s nature and potential performance in the future, market maturity concepts have been developed principally for commercial property and applied to analyse different markets around the world. This paper aims to develop this approach and to compare the level of maturity of housing markets in Australia and China. It is underpinned by three research questions. What are the key components of housing market maturity? What is the current ...


Case Study Strategies For Designers: Teaching Integrative Data Evaluation, Marja Sarvimaki Jan 2017

Case Study Strategies For Designers: Teaching Integrative Data Evaluation, Marja Sarvimaki

Faculty of Society and Design Publications

Teaching research methodology and conducting architectural research for years has revealed to the author of this paper that there is noticeable lack of globally established depictions of methods in design re-search, also called evidence-based design or practice-based research. Partially this is caused by the fact that research carried out by architects and other designers is a somewhat new phenomenon, when compared to many other disciplines, partially by the wide range of subject matters and paradigms in architectural and environmental research. The lack of defined methodology applies particularly to case studies, although those are most commonly employed by designers. In professional ...


Conservation Of Cultural Built Heritage: An Investigation Of Stakeholder Perceptions In Australia And Tanzania., Johari Hussein Nassor Amar Jan 2017

Conservation Of Cultural Built Heritage: An Investigation Of Stakeholder Perceptions In Australia And Tanzania., Johari Hussein Nassor Amar

Theses

This thesis sets out to address the question of what drives the conservation of cultural built heritage, with a specific focus on exploring the diversity of stakeholders’ perceptions of the issues motivating the process of conservation decision-making and factors that act as barriers to the management of cultural built heritage. Four focus groups (n=26) were conducted in Australia and Tanzania (two case studies in each country) with an addition of two interviews in Tanzania involving key informants from different professional heritage backgrounds. An initial empirical analysis and interpretation of the qualitative data produced a number of findings which led ...


Lightweight Material Prototypes Using Dense Bundled Systems To Emulate An Ambient Environment, Chris Knapp, Jonathan Nelson, Andrew Kudless, Sascha Bohnenberger Jan 2016

Lightweight Material Prototypes Using Dense Bundled Systems To Emulate An Ambient Environment, Chris Knapp, Jonathan Nelson, Andrew Kudless, Sascha Bohnenberger

Faculty of Society and Design Publications

This paper describes and reflects upon a computational design and digital fabrication research project that was developed and implemented over 2014-2015, with subsequent development continuing for applications at present. The aim of the research was to develop methods of modelling, analysis, and fabrication that facilitate integrative approaches to architectural design and construction. In this context, the development of material prototypes, digital simulations, and parametric frameworks were pursued in parallel in order to inform and reform successive iterations throughout the process, leading to a refined workflow for engineering, production, and speculation upon future directions of the work.


A History Of Vision And Plans For The Transformation Of A Coastal Tourism City Into A Knowledge City: Australia's Gold Coast, Daniel O'Hare Jan 2016

A History Of Vision And Plans For The Transformation Of A Coastal Tourism City Into A Knowledge City: Australia's Gold Coast, Daniel O'Hare

Faculty of Society and Design Publications

Many coastal mass tourism centres have attempted to reinvent themselves as they have grown from informal coastal towns into large cities. Lifestyle migration boosts urban growth as these cities become home to ‘permanent tourists’ attracted by the characteristics that attract tourism. Australia’s best known resort, the Queensland Gold Coast, provides a case study of a resort region experiencing similar transformations to those noted in Honolulu, Miami and Sitges, Spain. These cities have pursued broader socioeconomic resilience rather than the common strategy of simply expanding or improving their tourism appeal. Using literature review and documentary research, this paper traces how ...


Cellular Tessellation, Chris Knapp, Jonathan Nelson Jan 2016

Cellular Tessellation, Chris Knapp, Jonathan Nelson

Faculty of Society and Design Publications

Historically, pavilions have been a profitable territory for research and innovation in architecture. Cellular Tessellation is a research pavilion developed and implemented for a site at Sydney Harbor in 2014. This project embodied the refinement of techniques to computationally design and fabricate integrated structural and skin envelopes through a file-to-fabrication process, culminating in the production of doubly curved project geometry via panelized construction. The project addresses multiple concerns (gravity, bracing, affect, etc.) with a minimum of assembly. This work is invested in extending the possibilities of architectural practice. The speculative impact of the work advances emerging practice techniques through the ...


Impacts Of The National Rental Affordability Scheme On Rental Housing Investment: Changes In Investment Profiles And Investor Satisfaction, Isara Khanjanasthiti, Geroge Earl, Lynne Armitage Jan 2016

Impacts Of The National Rental Affordability Scheme On Rental Housing Investment: Changes In Investment Profiles And Investor Satisfaction, Isara Khanjanasthiti, Geroge Earl, Lynne Armitage

Faculty of Society and Design Publications

INTRODUCTION: In Australia, as is the case for many countries around the world, housing affordability is a major problem affecting families on or below average incomes. The impact is particularly severe in the major capital cities such as Sydney and Melbourne. Projections suggest that in the next decade median house price in these cities will exceed one million dollars. To increase the supply of affordable housing, the Australian Government, in partnership with all state governments, initiated a National Rental Affordability Scheme (NRAS) in 2008. One of the key objectives of NRAS is to increase the supply of new affordable rental ...


Economic And Taxation Benefits Of The National Rental Affordability Scheme, Isara Khanjanasthiti, George Earl, Lynne Armitage Jan 2016

Economic And Taxation Benefits Of The National Rental Affordability Scheme, Isara Khanjanasthiti, George Earl, Lynne Armitage

Faculty of Society and Design Publications

INTRODUCTION: Australia is experiencing a housing affordability crisis, a problem primarily affecting families on low-to-moderate incomes. The median house price continues to increase and is currently more than five times the gross annual median household income. 1 To stimulate additional supply of affordable rental dwellings throughout Australia, the Australian Government, in partnership with state governments, implemented the National Rental Affordability Scheme (NRAS) in 2008. As at December 2015, 37,217 new rental dwellings had been approved under NRAS, of which 30,037 had been built and either tenanted or available for rent. More than 622 million dollars of government funding ...


A Management Maturity Model (Mmm) For Project-Based Organisational Performance Assessment, Craig Langston, Amir Ghanbaripour Jan 2016

A Management Maturity Model (Mmm) For Project-Based Organisational Performance Assessment, Craig Langston, Amir Ghanbaripour

Faculty of Society and Design Publications

Common sense suggests that organisations are more likely to deliver successful projects if they have systems in place that reflect a mature project environment based on a culture of continuous improvement. This paper develops and discusses a Management Maturity Model (MMM) to assess the maturity of project management organisations through a customisable, systematic, strategic and practical methodology inspired from the seminal work of Darwin, Deming, Drucker and Daniel. The model presented is relevant to organisations, such as construction and engineering companies, that prefer to use the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK™ Guide) published by the Project Management Institute (PMI ...


Sustainable Urban Residential Forms In An Oil-Constrained Future : Implications For Planning In An Australian City Context, Roger James Brewster Jan 2016

Sustainable Urban Residential Forms In An Oil-Constrained Future : Implications For Planning In An Australian City Context, Roger James Brewster

Theses

This thesis investigates the likely effects of future oil supply constraints on the planning of sustainable urban residential forms in the context of an Australian coastal city. Strategic planning for oil depletion is suggested in three phases: a mitigation phase of conserving oil supply and reducing demand; a ‘transitional city of tomorrow’; and ultimately towards an ‘oil-constrained city of the future’. The thesis contributions extend current theory and practice in planning, urban design, sustainable development and urban metabolism by linking all these disciplines into the grounded theories, integrated conceptual framework and models for an oil-constrained sustainable urban form that has ...


A Comparative Analysis Of Smart City Initiatives By China And India - Lessons For India, Kayalvizhi Sundarraj Chandrasekar, Bhishna Bajracharya, Daniel O'Hare Jan 2016

A Comparative Analysis Of Smart City Initiatives By China And India - Lessons For India, Kayalvizhi Sundarraj Chandrasekar, Bhishna Bajracharya, Daniel O'Hare

Faculty of Society and Design Publications

Seamless information access enabled by mobile technology combined with realtime sensing is beginning to change the way citizens inhabit their cities. Around the globe, there is increasing evidence of smart city experiments and implementation through leadership at a city level or at a national level. The analysis of the real-time functioning of the cities using sensing techniques and data analytics is seen by city administrators as an effective strategy to achieve seamless flow within a city. India’s Smart Cities Mission is a step towards futureproofing its cities, an initiative that requires careful analysis of existing Smart City practices by ...


Towards A Pedagogy Of Comparative Visualization In 3d Design Disciplines, James Birt, Jonathan Nelson, Dirk Hovorka Nov 2015

Towards A Pedagogy Of Comparative Visualization In 3d Design Disciplines, James Birt, Jonathan Nelson, Dirk Hovorka

Faculty of Society and Design Publications

Spatial visualization and interpretation are important skills for designers. However, these skills generally require significant experiential development over the course of years. Visualizations allow the human brain to convey complex spatial concepts in intuitive, navigable and manipulable forms improving learner outcomes and perceptions. But often these visualizations are studied as single modality solutions. Dual modality and multimedia presentation studies show positive improvements in learner outcomes but dual modality is often difficult to compare. This paper presents ongoing research in the use of comparative multimodal visualizations produced with emerging technology solutions in 3D Design classrooms. Presented are previous findings from multimedia ...


Quantity Surveyors Without Borders - Providing Cost Advice In A Global Construction Market, Rick Best Nov 2015

Quantity Surveyors Without Borders - Providing Cost Advice In A Global Construction Market, Rick Best

Faculty of Society and Design Publications

Providing sound advice on construction costs across national boundaries requires special care. It is seldom sufficient to look up a suitable cost/m2 rate in a price book and then apply the current exchange rate. There are three main issues here: one relates to the reliability of the price data, another to differences in design in different places and the third to the method used to bring costs in different currencies to a common base. Different sources of cost data can suggest very different rates and money market exchange rates provide nothing more than a snapshot of relative prices at ...


‘Design For The Old And You Include The Young’ - Revitalising Urban Design In Regional Australia, Nigel Cartlidge, Lynne Armitage, Daniel O'Hare Aug 2015

‘Design For The Old And You Include The Young’ - Revitalising Urban Design In Regional Australia, Nigel Cartlidge, Lynne Armitage, Daniel O'Hare

Faculty of Society and Design Publications

The eminent Professor of Geriatric Medicine, Bernard Isaacs (cited in Giles-Corti et al 2008) said, Design for the young and you exclude the old; design for the old and you include the young. This would appear to be a useful design principle for all public spaces, but especially those with the restorative qualities found in even modest, naturalistic settings in urban areas (Kaplan and Kaplan 2011). A restorative network of walkable routes and destinations in regional towns could be influential in creating a sense of well-being and improve their attractiveness to the 65 years plus demographic set to become nearly ...


Teaching Sustainability In A Six Star Green Building, Rick Best Jun 2015

Teaching Sustainability In A Six Star Green Building, Rick Best

Faculty of Society and Design Publications

The building that houses the School of Sustainable Development at Bond University on Queensland’s Gold Coast opened in 2008 and was the first educational building in Australia to achieve the maximum six star rating under the Green Building Council of Australia’s Green Star rating scheme. It serves as a living model of the potential that green building design offers as part of the push to reduce greenhouse emissions and as such has been a key element in the School’s curricula. While it has served well as an exemplar it is not without its problems. In this reflective ...


The Relevance Of A Coproductive Capacity Framework To Climate Change Adaptation: Investigating The Health And Water Sectors In Cambodia, Kathryn Bowen, Fiona Miller, Dany Va, Sonia Graham Jan 2015

The Relevance Of A Coproductive Capacity Framework To Climate Change Adaptation: Investigating The Health And Water Sectors In Cambodia, Kathryn Bowen, Fiona Miller, Dany Va, Sonia Graham

Faculty of Society and Design Publications

Multiple active partnerships in the health and water sectors in Cambodia exist to address climate change adaptation, operating beyond typical sectoral and organizational divides. Decisions around national adaptation policy are made predominantly by the relevant lead ministry, contrasting with where funding originates from (i.e., major donors, multilaterals, United Nation agencies). Adaptation policy is thus the result of a process of coproduction by state and nonstate actors. The research we present sought to understand the relationships that exist between knowledge- and decision-makers with respect to climate change adaptation in the health and water sectors in Cambodia, and the factors that ...


Urban Design Guidelines For Places With Restorative Values, Nigel Cartlidge, Lynne Armitage, Daniel O'Hare Jan 2015

Urban Design Guidelines For Places With Restorative Values, Nigel Cartlidge, Lynne Armitage, Daniel O'Hare

Faculty of Society and Design Publications

This paper evolved from a case study of three Gold Coast beach precincts that examined the complex relationships between the urban design attributes and spatial arrangement of beach precincts and their effect on public access to activity, amenity and facility. Australian and overseas urban design guidelines were examined along with the requirements of restorative places. The focus of the scrutiny of the guidelines was to identify the nature of urban design principles that enhance egalitarian, walkable access to the restorative values found in beach precincts. The intended goal was to produce urban design guidelines for walkable places with restorative values ...


Lines In The Sand : Urban Design Attributes, Characteristics And Values Of Selected Gold Coast Beach Precincts, Nigel Cartlidge Jan 2015

Lines In The Sand : Urban Design Attributes, Characteristics And Values Of Selected Gold Coast Beach Precincts, Nigel Cartlidge

Theses

The thesis seeks to understand how people value, use and relate to urban beach precincts so that the urban design and development of seaside places may functionally reflect the role that they play in people’s lives; in particular, the walkability of the precincts and the degree of public access to the beach. The research has examined the complex relationships between the urban design attributes and spatial arrangement of beach precincts and public access to activity, amenity and facility in a case study of three different types of Gold Coast beach precincts. Urban design theories and guidelines were examined to ...


Value For Money In Project Procurement, Michael Regan Dec 2014

Value For Money In Project Procurement, Michael Regan

Faculty of Society and Design Publications

Extract: Public private partnerships are a method for the delivery of social and economic infrastructure services in over 80 countries worldwide. PPPs are a contractual arrangement between public and private entities through which the skills, assets and/or financial resources of both sectors are allocated in such a manner that provides optimal service delivery and good value to society. The international evidence suggests that public private partnership procurement methods using value for money evaluation criteria are delivering better infrastructure services at lower cost than traditional procurement methods.


The Productivity Puzzle: Is It Just About The Data?, Rick Best Nov 2014

The Productivity Puzzle: Is It Just About The Data?, Rick Best

Mirvac School of Sustainable Development

Measuring construction industry productivity at any level above that of site activities such as bricklaying or plastering remains a vexed question. A variety of methods have been developed and tested but results are often far from consistent with different methods that appear equally valid in theory producing quite different results. A recent study conducted in Australia demonstrated the application of different methods that produced some similar results but with some care required in the analysis of the outcomes. Another example showed large variations in results following the application of a similar method to different yet apparently equally valid datasets. Analysis ...


Designing And Planning Beach Precincts, Nigel Cartlidge Oct 2014

Designing And Planning Beach Precincts, Nigel Cartlidge

Faculty of Society and Design Publications

Urban design and planning theory and practice reflects the different cultural contexts, locations, historical origins and political intents within which they are produced. This paper has emerged from a mixed methods case study of the urban design of three different beach precincts on the Gold Coast, Australia. The intent of the research was to understand how people value, use and relate to urban beach precincts so that their design, planning and development may functionally reflect the role that they play in people’s lives.

The author’s case study research of three Gold Coast beach precincts found that the governance ...


The Oceanway, Promenade Or A Smart Transport Route?, Nigel Cartlidge, Lynne Armitage Sep 2014

The Oceanway, Promenade Or A Smart Transport Route?, Nigel Cartlidge, Lynne Armitage

Faculty of Society and Design Publications

This paper arises out of a doctoral case study that sought to understand how people value, use and relate to urban beach precincts so that the development of seaside places may functionally reflect the role they play in people’s lives. The case study examined the complex relationships between the urban design attributes and spatial arrangement of beach precincts and public access to activity, amenity and facility in a case study of three different Gold Coast beach precincts.


Unintended De-Marketing Manages Visitor Demand In Greater Blue Mountains World Heritage Area, Shelley Burgin, Nigel Hardiman Aug 2014

Unintended De-Marketing Manages Visitor Demand In Greater Blue Mountains World Heritage Area, Shelley Burgin, Nigel Hardiman

Faculty of Society and Design Publications

Kotler and Levy (1971, p.76) introduced the term ‘de-marketing’, defined as ‘that aspect of marketing that deals with discouraging customers in general or a certain class of customers in particular on either a temporary or permanent basis’. Subsequently, Groff (1998) interpreted the concept in the context of parks and recreation administration. Recently, Armstrong and Kern (2011) used the concept to underpin their investigation of visitor demand management within the Greater Blue Mountains World Heritage Area (GBMWHA), Australia. We supported the findings of these researchers, and offer additional examples of de-marketing in this protected area.


Comparison Of Survey Methods To Profile Participants In Emerging Adventure Recreation Activities Undertaken In Wilderness, Shelley Burgin, Nigel Hardiman Aug 2014

Comparison Of Survey Methods To Profile Participants In Emerging Adventure Recreation Activities Undertaken In Wilderness, Shelley Burgin, Nigel Hardiman

Faculty of Society and Design Publications

Growth in ‘adventure recreation’, typically practised in protected areas, is occurring. Canyoning (cf. canyoneering), is one such activity. In the Greater Blue Mountain World Heritage Area (GBMWHA), management was concerned that canyoning was causing environmental damage. However, there is a dearth of data, even on participation, because of the ‘composite’ nature of the activity, its recent emergence, and because adventure recreation is typically restricted to wilderness areas which renders visitor census problematic. Despite difficulties, management need to monitor such activities and a valid, reliable method of survey is required. For emerging forms of adventure recreation, identification of a representative sample ...


The Beach Precinct: Professional Perspectives Of Their Role And Function, Nigel Cartlidge, Lynne Armitage Jul 2014

The Beach Precinct: Professional Perspectives Of Their Role And Function, Nigel Cartlidge, Lynne Armitage

Faculty of Society and Design Publications

As Carr et al (1992, pp. 92) observe ‘places that do not meet people’s needs or serve any important functions for people will be underused and unsuccessful’. This observation conversely implies that places can be judged by the intensity and diversity of observed activities, provision of facilities, access to amenities and the extent to which these traits met people’s needs can be used as a measure of the ‘success’of the place. With a view to informing this observation by empirical enquiry, this paper reports on a Delphi inquiry of the opinions of professionals involved in the property ...