Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Architecture Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Beirut Arab University

Discipline
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 379

Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Reflections Of Arabic Literature On Architectural Representation, Othman El Obeidi, Aya Salamah, Rola Ayoub, Abed El Karim Owaydat Sep 2021

Reflections Of Arabic Literature On Architectural Representation, Othman El Obeidi, Aya Salamah, Rola Ayoub, Abed El Karim Owaydat

Architecture and Planning Journal (APJ)

Literature and architecture have long been connected where both are forms of art; literature is a verbal form of art whereas architecture takes a social form. Both domains play a major role in heritage inheritance and representation and are immensely linked to each other; each is capable of representing and embodying the other. Gloomily, in light of digital technology, Information Age, and onslaught of globalization, the reflections of the practices of Arabic literature on architectural representations, after being practiced together since ancient periods, have retracted in recent times thus architecture in the Arab cities has started to veer far away ...


Twisted Buildings: Concepts And Approaches, Amani Marmar, Sally Zouia, Sahar Ismail, Ahmad Hallik Sep 2021

Twisted Buildings: Concepts And Approaches, Amani Marmar, Sally Zouia, Sahar Ismail, Ahmad Hallik

Architecture and Planning Journal (APJ)

With the emerging of new technologies, the look for more sustainable towers appears. Through designing twisted towers, an aerodynamic and energy efficient structure can be made to reduce materials and wind loads towards it. By definition, a twisted building is one that has gradually rotating floor plates along its height. The problem here rises due to the risk of structural failure and lack of load transfer and unorganized interior function. Thus, this research aims to detect the design solutions used to execute the twisted buildings achieving stability, safety, and withstanding climatic effects. In order to accomplish the mentioned aim, the ...


Developing Design Guidelines Towards Safer Park: The Case Of Ramlet El Baida, Valerie Nader Kassem, Ayman Afify Sep 2021

Developing Design Guidelines Towards Safer Park: The Case Of Ramlet El Baida, Valerie Nader Kassem, Ayman Afify

Architecture and Planning Journal (APJ)

Public urban park is a very important feature in the city, it is responsible for the behavior of the cities and gives an identity of the city besides country to portray it in front of the people. Well maintained park leads to healthy life and well-being. Also, it holds social value and attachment of people to it. Despite wide consensus on the importance of public parks for city dwellers’ social lives as well as their physical and mental health, popular discourses and journalist reports reflect a growing demonetization of public space in many cities around the world. This is because ...


Exploring A New Urban Strategy To Organize The Informal Settlements In Tripoli, Ayman Wehbe Sep 2021

Exploring A New Urban Strategy To Organize The Informal Settlements In Tripoli, Ayman Wehbe

Architecture and Planning Journal (APJ)

A dynamic urban form can be defined as emerging in the planning, and development of urban centers as a city where there is a defined perimeter, inside which lies a population that is self-sufficient supporting by the technologies and economy within the city fully employs the population, the services, and cultural infrastructure within the city are sufficient to supply for the population in the cities. One of the most significant driving forces of change in any urban system is population development. This randomness in growth causes an imbalance in the civil system through environmental problems on the life system that ...


التخطيط الإقليمي مدخل لمواجهة المخاطر المرتبطة بالتغير المناخي لأقاليم الساحل الشمالي في مصر, Mahmoud Aly Ahmed Mohammed Sep 2021

التخطيط الإقليمي مدخل لمواجهة المخاطر المرتبطة بالتغير المناخي لأقاليم الساحل الشمالي في مصر, Mahmoud Aly Ahmed Mohammed

Architecture and Planning Journal (APJ)

تعد التغيرات المناخية من أهم المعضلات التي تواجة العالم خاصةً في ظل القضايا الشائكة من الاحتباس الحراري وتزايد ارتفاع درجة حرارة الأرض، وذوبان الصفائح الجليدية وارتفاع منسوب مياه البحار والمحيطات، مما دفع منظمة الأمم المتحدة لإبرام إتفاقية التغيرات المناخية وبروتوكول كيوتو، اللذان يهدفان لخفض هذه الانبعاثات، وأعلنت الهيئة الحكومية الدولية المعنية بتغير المناخ أن دلتا النيل في مصر من بين المناطق الثلاث الأولى على كوكب الأرض الأكثر عرضة لارتفاع مستوى سطح البحر، وأشار تقرير البنك الدولي انه يوجد فى مصر عدة مناطق أوشكت على الغرق تشمل هذه المناطق شديدة الخطورة أجزاء من محافظات الدلتاوالإسكندرية ومحافظات البحيرة وبورسعيد ومحافظات دمياط ومحافظة ...


An Exploration Of Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (Cpted) Principles For Enhancing Safety And Security In The Design Of Adamawa State University Students’ Hostel, Mubi, Benjamin Moral, Mudashir Gafar Sep 2021

An Exploration Of Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (Cpted) Principles For Enhancing Safety And Security In The Design Of Adamawa State University Students’ Hostel, Mubi, Benjamin Moral, Mudashir Gafar

Architecture and Planning Journal (APJ)

People across the world face growing insecurity, violent conflict spreading and intensifying and the natural systems on which human life depends on, is in jeopardy. Also, today the security condition of student hostel has become one of the major challenges facing Nigerian institutions, with continual media coverage of the state of insecurity of the students’ hostel, level of theft, burglary, abductions, and kidnappings. This research set out to proffer solutions to the rising insecurity challenges in the students’ hostel. This was achieved through the development of a framework from CPTED, on architectural strategies used to deter crime from thriving in ...


New Considerations In Designing The Circulation Elements To Reduce Covid 19 Infection, Sara Chamass, Selim Kilani, Anas Mattar Sep 2021

New Considerations In Designing The Circulation Elements To Reduce Covid 19 Infection, Sara Chamass, Selim Kilani, Anas Mattar

Architecture and Planning Journal (APJ)

As a result of the global pandemic recession of COVID-19, cities have imposed several restrictions to control this outbreak by closing their frontiers and forcing social distancing. The conjecture has arisen as to how architecture could be entirely influenced. This field is involved in finding solutions to reduce the spread of this pandemic which became a new issue. Unfortunately, due to the shortage of the movable and flexible circulation elements, the considerations and architectural preventive measures taken were affected during the planning of the post-pandemic built-environment. This paper, therefore, aims to propose a checklist of new design considerations for the ...


Potentials Of Containers In Creating Modular Architectural Spaces, Karim Al-Khatib, Jinan Makkawi, Ali Kobeissi Sep 2021

Potentials Of Containers In Creating Modular Architectural Spaces, Karim Al-Khatib, Jinan Makkawi, Ali Kobeissi

Architecture and Planning Journal (APJ)

Containers are currently considered as one of the inventive trends of framing architectural objects. Container architecture is defined as the type of architecture that is characterised by the usage of steel containers as a structural elements and architectural envelope that can be presented as a part of architecture or a function that an activity can happen in it. Due to the specific dimensions that the container has, architects tend to use it to obtain modularity in their projects and the modular design strategies refer to using the containers as a standard unit to carry out the process, these containers are ...


Detecting Types Of Phobia In Contemporary Architecture, Fatima Ghosn, Loulwa Alama, Mohamad Azhari Sep 2021

Detecting Types Of Phobia In Contemporary Architecture, Fatima Ghosn, Loulwa Alama, Mohamad Azhari

Architecture and Planning Journal (APJ)

Phobia in its broadest sense is an irrational fear or feeling, created in a person toward an object or a certain situation that might happen around him or in his imagination and it can be related to natural elements such as animals, insects, oceans, fire and heights. Furthermore, it can be related to build environment and manmade spaces or more simply, to architecture. Unfortunately, architects shifted from the standardisation and regularity to creating innovative and irregular spaces that are reflected by the exterior and interior design of the building without having any concern of the negative consequences such as phobias ...


Power Of Cantilever Design In The Contemporary Architecture, Karen Hassan Beydoun, Jana Hussein, Ahmad Salame Sep 2021

Power Of Cantilever Design In The Contemporary Architecture, Karen Hassan Beydoun, Jana Hussein, Ahmad Salame

Architecture and Planning Journal (APJ)

Cantilever is a structural form that extends horizontally and is supported by one end and free on the other while the load is distributed equally, initiated by the use of bridges and balconies in the buildings. The power of Cantilevers with its different designs is spreading throughout the world via various perspectives since it increases the ability of design creativity and gives proper solutions. However, from that point forward, a research gap that has been found missing relating the structural challenges and how it affects the design and the decisions taken by the clients/ owners paying budgets on such type ...


Exploring Potentials Of Leftover Spaces Using Urban Metamorphosis, Huda Maatouk, Marwan Halabi, Hiba Mohsen, Maged Youssef Aug 2021

Exploring Potentials Of Leftover Spaces Using Urban Metamorphosis, Huda Maatouk, Marwan Halabi, Hiba Mohsen, Maged Youssef

BAU Journal - Society, Culture and Human Behavior

In a dynamic world, the challenge behind reaching utopia is a result of the continuity of change and the metamorphosis. Metamorphosis, from the Greek meta signifying the change and morphe referring to the form, is a change and adaptation of the form or nature of something into a different one through time. However, when it comes to urban metamorphosis, it is a tension between the traditional living and the raise of technology through history, and this adaptation is affecting cities, buildings, identity, and environment. Urban metamorphosis of undeveloped non-organized cities had created urban and social fragmentation; unorganized cities are broken ...


Beirut Port’S Sparkle In Arabic Poetryومضة مرفأ بيروت في الشعر العربي, Samir Itani Aug 2021

Beirut Port’S Sparkle In Arabic Poetryومضة مرفأ بيروت في الشعر العربي, Samir Itani

BAU Journal - Society, Culture and Human Behavior

The explosion that occurred at Beirut port on the 4th of August 2020 was not a transient event, but rather a dreadful disaster the Lebanese have faced. It echoed in Arabic poetry. Some depicted the disaster, some denounced it, and some depicted Beirut as a doomed city, so they lamented it. The odd thing about it is that most poets who wrote about the explosion developed short poems or poetic flashes. Their expressions came out as intense, quick, and denounced, and were therefore honest. However, the arguments presented in their poems were clashes between life and death. The results were ...


An Evil Who Teaches Humility In The Novel «La Couronne Du Diable» From Alexandre Najjarun Mal Qui Enseigne L’Humilité Dans La Couronne Du Diabled’Alexandre Najjar », Sophie Nicolaïdès-Salloum Aug 2021

An Evil Who Teaches Humility In The Novel «La Couronne Du Diable» From Alexandre Najjarun Mal Qui Enseigne L’Humilité Dans La Couronne Du Diabled’Alexandre Najjar », Sophie Nicolaïdès-Salloum

BAU Journal - Society, Culture and Human Behavior

Abstract: After many natural disasters, a sanitary disaster overwhelms the planet earth, the COVID19 pandemic. Alexandre Najjar writes about this crisis in a novel translate as “The devil’s crown”. The author uses the way of testimony to describe the way the characters live the confinement in different countriesand the consequences of an unprecedent situation on the psyche: fear of the other, feeling imprisoned, powerlessness. The intervention includes the analysis of the title, the choice of the polyphonyand the similarity between this novel and an ancient tragedy.

Résumé: Après plusieurs catastrophes naturelles, une catastrophe sanitaire accable aujourd’hui notre planète ...


The Epic Of The Catastrophe And The Poetic Creativity Between Mahmoud Darwish And Murid El-Barghouthiمشهدية النكبة والابداع الشعريّ بين محمود درويش ومريد البرغوثي, Bashir Faraj Aug 2021

The Epic Of The Catastrophe And The Poetic Creativity Between Mahmoud Darwish And Murid El-Barghouthiمشهدية النكبة والابداع الشعريّ بين محمود درويش ومريد البرغوثي, Bashir Faraj

BAU Journal - Society, Culture and Human Behavior

Abstract: The Palestinian Nakba “calamity” became a symbol for poetic creativity after the disaster of occupying the land of Palestine and the subsequent successive setbacks. Especially in the hearts of its children the poets, those who became poets because of that bleeding wound, caused by separating the human from the place “land” and the place from the human

ملخص البحث: تحوّلتِ النكبةُ الفلسطينية إلى رمزٍ للابداع الشعري، بعد كارثة اغتصاب المكان وأرض فلسطين وما تلاها من نكسة ونكساتٍ أخَر، ولا سيما في نفوس أبنائها أخص منهم الشعراء، الذين أصبحوا شعراءً بفضل ذاك الجرح النازف، جرّاء سلخ الإنسان ...


Disaster And Socio-Cultural Impact: Between Social Representations And Resiliencecatastrophe Et Impact Socio-Culturel: Entre Représentations Sociales Et Résilience, Abdelfettah N. Idrissi Aug 2021

Disaster And Socio-Cultural Impact: Between Social Representations And Resiliencecatastrophe Et Impact Socio-Culturel: Entre Représentations Sociales Et Résilience, Abdelfettah N. Idrissi

BAU Journal - Society, Culture and Human Behavior

Abstract: We live in a constantly changing world, a multi-faceted world vacillating between joy and happiness on one side and sadness and desolation on the other. We have indeed witnessed, recently, much sadness and misfortune resulting from both human and natural disasters. Whether individual or collective, the risks are assessed having regard to our cultural determinism, taking into account values, standards and living conditions of individuals. Our purpose, which falls within the framework of the theory of social representations (Moscovici (1986)), would be to account for the impact of the disaster on the behavior of the individual and of society ...


Writing About Chernobyl In The Rush Of Differed Memory In "Voices From Chernobyl: The Oral History Of A Nuclear Disaster" By Svetlana Alexievitch"Écrire Sur Tchernobyl Dans L’Urgence De La Mémoire Différée, Dans « La Supplication, Tchernobyl, Chronique Du Monde Après L’Apocalypse » De Sveltana Alexievitch, Badia Mazboudi Aug 2021

Writing About Chernobyl In The Rush Of Differed Memory In "Voices From Chernobyl: The Oral History Of A Nuclear Disaster" By Svetlana Alexievitch"Écrire Sur Tchernobyl Dans L’Urgence De La Mémoire Différée, Dans « La Supplication, Tchernobyl, Chronique Du Monde Après L’Apocalypse » De Sveltana Alexievitch, Badia Mazboudi

BAU Journal - Society, Culture and Human Behavior

Abstract: On April 26, 1986, the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in Ukraine, exploded, causing what is considered as “the biggest technological catastrophy of the 20th century” (Svetlana Alexievitch, 1997, p. 7), four years prior to the fall of the Soviet Union, and ten years before Svetlana Alexievitch releases “Voices from Chernobyl: The Oral History of a Nuclear Disaster”. Even though many books, movies and photographs addressed the disaster, the belarusian author and journalist chose to peer into the lives of people:” I was interested in sensations, feelings of individuals who touched the unknown. The mystery” (S, 30) rather than studying ...


Writing Therapy In The Novel "Beyrouth 2020" By Cherif Majdalanil’Ecriture Therapeutique Dans Le Roman « Beyrouth 2020 » De Cherif Majdalani, Nadia Iskandarani Aug 2021

Writing Therapy In The Novel "Beyrouth 2020" By Cherif Majdalanil’Ecriture Therapeutique Dans Le Roman « Beyrouth 2020 » De Cherif Majdalani, Nadia Iskandarani

BAU Journal - Society, Culture and Human Behavior

Abstract: The writing, as terrible as it is, is nevertheless reassuring, because it puts the difficult moments in image, in word; it connects us to past experiences, to men and women who went through them, going through moments of hardship, but also of consolation. The goal of literature writing is not just the disaster itself, but, it is also about taking care of oneself and others and to express how society has experienced this disaster and how to remedy it. Even more, the catastrophe sometimes goes beyond the framework of the country to reach the extent of the whole world ...


The Near And Distant Discourse Towards Disasterle Discours Proche Et Lointain Envers La Catastrophe, Mohammed Alkhattib Aug 2021

The Near And Distant Discourse Towards Disasterle Discours Proche Et Lointain Envers La Catastrophe, Mohammed Alkhattib

BAU Journal - Society, Culture and Human Behavior

Abstract: When it comes to talk about a disaster, it is not easy to maintain the objectivity and neutrality towards the event. Emotions can be very explicit, especially when the speaker is “related” to the people affected. “Related” with means kinship does not only mean being a member of one's family, but also of the same region, the same country, or even the same ethnic group. This research aims making a linguistic and discursive comparison between the discourse of two different cultures (Arab and Western) towards the catastrophe. We will take as an example, the disaster of the Jordanian ...


A Comparison Between The Psychometric Properties Of The Revised Original And Short Psychoticism Scale Derived From Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Revised Among Kuwaiti Undergraduatesمقارنة بين الخصائص السيكو مترية للصورة الأصلية والقصيرة لمقياس الذهانية المتفرع من استخبار" آيزنك" المعدل للشخصية لدى عينات من طلبة جامعة الكويت, Badr M. Ansari, Talal B. Alali Aug 2021

A Comparison Between The Psychometric Properties Of The Revised Original And Short Psychoticism Scale Derived From Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Revised Among Kuwaiti Undergraduatesمقارنة بين الخصائص السيكو مترية للصورة الأصلية والقصيرة لمقياس الذهانية المتفرع من استخبار" آيزنك" المعدل للشخصية لدى عينات من طلبة جامعة الكويت, Badr M. Ansari, Talal B. Alali

BAU Journal - Society, Culture and Human Behavior

Abstract: The aim of this study is to compare the psychometric properties of the original version and the short version of the Psychoticism Scale, which are Derived from Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Revised. In this study, a sample consisting of (1842) students from Kuwait University (538) male and (1304) female students were used in this study to examine the gender differences and to test the reliability and validity for Psychoticism Scale which are derived from original (EPQ-R) and the short version (EPQR-S) . The Original (EPQ-R) and Short (EPQR-S) Psychoticism Scales, the short version of the NEO FFI-S, and the Big Five ...


From Catastrophe To Catharsis: The Explosion Of The Port Of Beirut In Two Texts That Healde La Catastrophe A La Catharsisl’Explosion Du Port De Beyrouth Dans Deux Textes Qui Pansent, Christelle Stephan-Hayek Aug 2021

From Catastrophe To Catharsis: The Explosion Of The Port Of Beirut In Two Texts That Healde La Catastrophe A La Catharsisl’Explosion Du Port De Beyrouth Dans Deux Textes Qui Pansent, Christelle Stephan-Hayek

BAU Journal - Society, Culture and Human Behavior

Abstract: Catastrophe, a notion as old as man, is today considered obsolete in the scientific sphere, since it constitutes "a blinding image which distracts the researcher from his object by its capacity to dazzle" (Coanus, Duchêne, Martinais , 2004). This is how the notion of "risk" replaced that of "disaster", since a risk can be calculated, prevented, avoided, reduced, etc. The disaster would thus become a “risk that has been realized”.

The double explosion of the port of Beirut is therefore this disaster. "In five seconds: two hundred dead, one hundred and fifty missing, six thousand wounded, nine thousand buildings damaged ...


Technology Of Mobility Hubs In Autopian Futuristic Cities, Mohamad Abdallah M.Abdallah, Marwan Halabi, Hiba Mohsen, Maged Youssef Jun 2021

Technology Of Mobility Hubs In Autopian Futuristic Cities, Mohamad Abdallah M.Abdallah, Marwan Halabi, Hiba Mohsen, Maged Youssef

BAU Journal - Science and Technology

Utopias envision perfect societies, however in practice, when imperfect humans attempt perfection they fail miserably. Hence, if Utopia means no place, then Autopia is the alternative place where progress is steadfast and measured by securing a better world for tomorrow. In 2012, the UN issued a report stating that population growth will increase exponentially, reaching up to 9 billion by 2040. The report also states that melted ice due to global warming will eventually cover up to 7% of the world’s land. At this rate, humans will require three times the earth’s land area to keep up with ...


Optimization Of Supermarket Checkout Counters Using Integrated Greedy Algorithm, Ramzi Fayad, Hadi Abou Chakra Jun 2021

Optimization Of Supermarket Checkout Counters Using Integrated Greedy Algorithm, Ramzi Fayad, Hadi Abou Chakra

BAU Journal - Science and Technology

Supermarkets worldwide are facing a service dilemma whether to increase or decrease their number of counters used at checkouts. A higher number of checkouts will undoubtedly reduce waiting time at checkout, a factor in improving customer satisfaction and service quality but this will come at a cost to the Supermarket. The work conducted in this paper will therefore focus on this tradeoff between improving the customer shopping experience versus the Supermarket Cost and profitability margins. It will do so by using an optimization algorithm that can help find the optimum number of checkouts and utilization of staff resources. The optimization ...


An Improvement Of Cross Entropy Thresholding For Skin Cancer, Nancy Aref Zreika N, A. Zreika, Ali El Zaart, Abdallah Al Shakik Jun 2021

An Improvement Of Cross Entropy Thresholding For Skin Cancer, Nancy Aref Zreika N, A. Zreika, Ali El Zaart, Abdallah Al Shakik

BAU Journal - Science and Technology

Image processing procedures in medical diagnosis are used to improve diagnosis accuracy. An example of this is skin cancer detection using the thresholding approach. Thus, research studies involved in identification of inherited mutations predisposing family members to malignant melanoma have been performed in the Cancer Genetics field. Melanoma is one of the deadliest cancers, but could be cured when diagnosed early. A fundamental step in image processing is segmentation that includes thresholding, among others. Thresholding is based on finding the optimal thresholds value that partitions the image into multiple classes to be able to distinguish the objects from the background ...


Unsteady Rotational Motion Of A Micropolar Fluid Inside A Right Circular Cylinder Using State Space Approach, Sarah Ahmad Slayi S.A.Slayi, Emad Ashmawy Jun 2021

Unsteady Rotational Motion Of A Micropolar Fluid Inside A Right Circular Cylinder Using State Space Approach, Sarah Ahmad Slayi S.A.Slayi, Emad Ashmawy

BAU Journal - Science and Technology

In this work, the unsteady rotational motion of an incompressible micropolar fluid inside a right circular cylinder is investigated. The classical no-slip and no-spin boundary conditions are proposed. The problem is solved analytically using the state space approach together with Laplace transform technique. The inverse Laplace transform is carried out numerically using a numerical technique based on Fourier series expansion. Numerical results for the flow field functions are represented graphically for different values of the time and micropolarity parameters.


Open Spaces As Vibrant Places To Reduce Social And Physical Fragmentation. Case Of Beirut Cornish, Lebanon, Nehmat K. Karim, Ayman Afify May 2021

Open Spaces As Vibrant Places To Reduce Social And Physical Fragmentation. Case Of Beirut Cornish, Lebanon, Nehmat K. Karim, Ayman Afify

BAU Journal - Creative Sustainable Development

According to UN Habitat, as had been mentioned in The Journal of Public Spaces 2018 Under title “Lebanon Cities’ Public Spaces”, and based on the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations regarding the minimum required area of Public spaces in the cities, the following had been noticed: Beirut city has few public spaces that are always rapist from the local government without having the ability to face. At the present time, the capital suffers from distinct lack of public spaces where the various population groups can meet and come along. Despite the fact that an open public space in Beirut would ...


Establishing A New Restoration Strategy To Use Nanomaterials In Reviving Damaged Buildings Post-Disaster, Khouloud Walid Darwiche May 2021

Establishing A New Restoration Strategy To Use Nanomaterials In Reviving Damaged Buildings Post-Disaster, Khouloud Walid Darwiche

BAU Journal - Creative Sustainable Development

Nanotechnologies are a new solution of many problems of contemporary society, by creating products and processes for more specific uses with less environmental impact throughout their life cycle. The use of new technology such Nanotechnology in the restoration of damaged buildings post-disaster will be a contemporary solution to achieve sustainable development. After the explosion of Port of Beirut in August 4, 2020, it is necessary to search a new technology that restore and retrofit damaged buildings and in the other hand, to achieve the architectural quality, comfort and energy saving, in addition to its impact on energy consumption rates, its ...


Creating A Healthy Sustainable Environment To Maintain Bahraini Women' Rights, Islam Elghonaimy, Shatha Najeeb Gharbal May 2021

Creating A Healthy Sustainable Environment To Maintain Bahraini Women' Rights, Islam Elghonaimy, Shatha Najeeb Gharbal

BAU Journal - Creative Sustainable Development

The idea of having a Healthy, Sustainable Environment is a challenge for designers while they think about creating such an urban complex. Designing a resort that gathers, supports, entertains, treats, educates and empowers women mainly adds more challenging. The performance of women in life gives them dual responsibility and efforts in both fields. As well know that women are an essential figure in Arab societies due to their power and potentiality to improve the quality in all fields around the world. Nevertheless, some women were suffering from harsh environments and violence in which they need a place for consultant and ...


Effect Of The Covid-19 Pandemic In The Urban Public Space: A Socio-Spatial Study In The City Of Tripoli To Respond To The Human Behavior Needs, Amanda Ahmad Chami May 2021

Effect Of The Covid-19 Pandemic In The Urban Public Space: A Socio-Spatial Study In The City Of Tripoli To Respond To The Human Behavior Needs, Amanda Ahmad Chami

BAU Journal - Creative Sustainable Development

Pandemics have always shaped cities and covid-19 is one of them. It has had a direct effect on the foundation of urban planning and the participation of people in public spaces. This study is aiming to analyze the effects of covid-19 on cities and urban public spaces. Also, to respond to human behavior and their needs. During the pandemic, observations and an online survey questionnaire were conducted from 1 to 10 January 2021. With the information collected from 130 Residents of Tripoli during the pandemic, the results indicated that there were changes in human behavior in the urban public space ...


Revisiting Prehistoric Archeological Sites: Envisioning First Built Environments To Repossess Geographically Specific Approaches In Architecture, Alisa Mohammad Kheir Abdulghany, Marwan Halabi, Maged Youssef, Bahaa El Dine Abou El Khoudoud May 2021

Revisiting Prehistoric Archeological Sites: Envisioning First Built Environments To Repossess Geographically Specific Approaches In Architecture, Alisa Mohammad Kheir Abdulghany, Marwan Halabi, Maged Youssef, Bahaa El Dine Abou El Khoudoud

BAU Journal - Creative Sustainable Development

Since Prehistoric times, architecture had been a human response to an occurring natural setting. Starting from places of dwelling to buildings that no longer only serve physical requirements for survival. Architectural languages were approached initially as an expression of culture, evolution, and growth of a community within a natural setting. This response resulted in the creation of built environments, humanity’s decision to become sedentary. This decision took place in the Late Stone age, a key phase in our timeline. First built environments were born in a time known as the Neolithic revolution, which shown itself as humans transitioned from ...


Use Of Biomimicry Design Approach In Constructing Sustainable Resilient Structures (Case Study: Port Of Beirut), Farouk Bader, Marwan Halabi, Hiba Mohsen, Maged Youssef May 2021

Use Of Biomimicry Design Approach In Constructing Sustainable Resilient Structures (Case Study: Port Of Beirut), Farouk Bader, Marwan Halabi, Hiba Mohsen, Maged Youssef

BAU Journal - Creative Sustainable Development

Resiliency is not the same as sustainability, nor its substitute, but definitely the two concepts complement each other’s. Sustainability is the avoidance of depletion of natural resources to maintain ecological balance whereas resiliency is to recover, adapt and keep going in the face of setbacks. While designing with green approach is important but what will happen to leed points if the building becomes uninhabitable due to disasters, that’s where resiliency comes into play. The 2019 statistics showed that natural disasters accounted for 133 billion dollars losses and manmade ones accounted for other 7 billion in addition to 11 ...