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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Architecture Of Care In The Urban Public Space: A Philosophical Inquiry In ‘Ethics Of Care’ To Inform The Nature Of The Urban Public Space, Rucha Vivek Newalkar Jan 2017

Architecture Of Care In The Urban Public Space: A Philosophical Inquiry In ‘Ethics Of Care’ To Inform The Nature Of The Urban Public Space, Rucha Vivek Newalkar

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Within any urban setting, the public space has always reflected the city’s social, economic, cultural, and environmental well-being. In the broader discussion of urban environmental sustainability, however, there has been a pronounced dualism and an implicit hierarchy of value when looking at the city-ecology paradigm. This corresponds to the political-social, human- nature and especially subject-object divides within the perspectives on the sustainability of urban public spaces. I associate this divide and the subsequent domination of pedagogies that lack feminist approaches in analyzing qualitative aspects like experience, well-being, and equity. Do public spaces belong to women and nature? Do women ...


The Pursuit Of Happiness: The Shifting Narrative Of Suburbia And The American Dream, Kristen Ann Greteman Jan 2016

The Pursuit Of Happiness: The Shifting Narrative Of Suburbia And The American Dream, Kristen Ann Greteman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Suburbia and the American Dream have long, complex history in the United States. As the visual manifestation of the American Dream since the mid-twenty first century, suburbia has been criticized for being placeless, unhealthy, discriminatory, and wasteful. Alternative development methods have been created to combat the growth of suburban sprawl to create “places worth caring about” (Kunstler, 2007). This research study, through the methodology of oral history, uses in-depth interviews and morphological study to continue the narrative of suburbia and the American Dream as it exists in two alternative developments in Central Iowa: Prairie Trail in Ankeny and Glynn Village ...


Who Decides What And Why: Deciphering Iowa County Zoning Policies, Professionals And Politicians, Hannah C. Dankbar Jan 2016

Who Decides What And Why: Deciphering Iowa County Zoning Policies, Professionals And Politicians, Hannah C. Dankbar

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Administrators find themselves in a policy space when they have to balance their professional knowledge of an ambiguous policy with political influence and local implementation history. The Iowa Agricultural Exemption to County Zoning provides an example of administrators making decisions in such a space. This policy exempts from county zoning regulation “land, farm houses, farm barns, farm outbuildings, or other buildings or structures which are primarily adapted by reason of nature and area, for use for agricultural purposes, while so used” (Iowa Code, Chapter 335). Limited guidance from state courts and state legislature leave county zoning administrators in a position ...


Expanding The Role Of Design: Developing Holistic Food Systems, Jasmine Singh Jan 2015

Expanding The Role Of Design: Developing Holistic Food Systems, Jasmine Singh

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Post World War II, technological and political factors prioritized economic efficiency in food production, distribution and access. Although this currently delivers benefits such as the doubling of caloric production and food availability despite geographic constraints, the food system is becoming implicated both directly and indirectly with a host of environmental and social issues.

This thesis re-frames food system issues as "wicked problems" (Buchanan, 1992, 15) and develops a framework of design tactics . The framework is used as a matrix for analyzing past and current theory and practice based design approaches that engage the food system and two university food systems ...


Case Study: A Sustainable Livelihoods Analysis Of A Non-Governmental Organization Working With Quinoa Producers In The Province Of Chimborazo, Ecuador, Sumac Elisa Cárdenas Oleas Jan 2015

Case Study: A Sustainable Livelihoods Analysis Of A Non-Governmental Organization Working With Quinoa Producers In The Province Of Chimborazo, Ecuador, Sumac Elisa Cárdenas Oleas

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Concerns with rural poverty in Latin America have resulted in the development and application of various poverty alleviation projects, programs, and policies. Many of these efforts focus on agricultural development since a large segment of the rural poor rely on small-scale agricultural production. Quinoa is one agricultural product that has attracted much attention in such efforts because of its high nutritional value and its high demand in many developed countries. Considerable research related to quinoa production and the resulting effects on producers have been conducted in the two leading exporting nations, Bolivia and Peru. However, there have been only a ...


Understanding Competing Motivations For Urban Agriculture: An Analysis Of U.S. Municipal Ordinance Adoption, Andrea Vaage Jan 2015

Understanding Competing Motivations For Urban Agriculture: An Analysis Of U.S. Municipal Ordinance Adoption, Andrea Vaage

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Municipalities are increasingly responding to zoning regulations that act as a barrier to the practice of urban agriculture activities. While there has been some case-study research on municipalities engaging in large urban agriculture policy efforts, a framework for analyzing urban agriculture ordinances on a national scale has not yet been established. This research is an exploratory analysis of the motivations for urban agriculture ordinance adoption utilizing a theoretical framework of neoliberalism to understand the potential for urban agriculture to be used either as a tool to reinforce or alter neoliberal structures. Responses from 34 municipalities throughout the United States that ...


An Exploratory Case Study Of Three Scales Of Food Pantries In Story County, Iowa, Jacqueline Ann Nester Jan 2015

An Exploratory Case Study Of Three Scales Of Food Pantries In Story County, Iowa, Jacqueline Ann Nester

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Story County, Iowa, has the highest rate of food insecurity (15.2%) in the state (12.7%). As a result of this large need, the county has responded by creating 16 private food pantries and one soup kitchen. Many people, however, require both public (e.g. SNAP, WIC, TEFAP, and School Lunch/Breakfast Program) and private assistance, indicating the depth of food insecurity is great. As a result of this growing demand for private emergency food to supplement public food assistance programming, questions emerge about the effectiveness of this approach. Thus, an exploratory case study looking at three scales of ...


An Analysis Of Travel Behavior Of University Population Consisting Of Students, Faculty And Staff At Iowa State University, Meghna Chakraborty Jan 2015

An Analysis Of Travel Behavior Of University Population Consisting Of Students, Faculty And Staff At Iowa State University, Meghna Chakraborty

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The study of travel behavior is one of the key areas in the field of transportation planning. However, there is has been limited research on the travel behavior of university population. With the help of analyzing the travel behavior of university population including students and employees, this study attempts to answer the following questions: (i) what are the modal choices of the students and employees in a rural university setting? (ii) how employees and university students from the same university are different in terms of travel behavior? (iii) what are the influencing factors or determinants of the travel pattern of ...


"Keep It Rural": The Politics Of Planning For Smart Growth In South Fulton County, Georgia, Eric John Christianson Jan 2014

"Keep It Rural": The Politics Of Planning For Smart Growth In South Fulton County, Georgia, Eric John Christianson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The politics and practice of planning exurban areas in the United States has been a major focus of debate since the 1950s. Urban growth management and more recently smart growth have arisen in response to the sprawling forms of development that are characteristic of most North American cities. While these movements represent the development of a broad set of tools for directing growth and preserving agriculturally and biologically important land, political and institutional barriers to their implementation remain strong. A more robust understanding of the political environment in which plans with strong growth management are enacted and implemented is necessary ...


Salvaging Salmon: Shasta Dam And The Conservation Movement, Anna Leah Blumstein Jan 2014

Salvaging Salmon: Shasta Dam And The Conservation Movement, Anna Leah Blumstein

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The story of the salmon runs of Shasta Dam offers a microcosm for the conservation movement as a whole in the 1930's and 40's, a period that is not yet well studied in US environmental history. It is a time when conservationism was largely a focus of well-off and well-educated people, without much broad public discourse. Nonetheless, important work was being done that helped set the stage for the modern environmental movement. The Central Valley Project in California and its impact on salmon helped show the value of ecology, which would become a rallying cry for the environmental ...


Organic Agriculture Development Strategies In Tunisia And Uganda: Lessons For African Organics, Jelili Adegboyega Adebiyi Jan 2014

Organic Agriculture Development Strategies In Tunisia And Uganda: Lessons For African Organics, Jelili Adegboyega Adebiyi

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The core objective of this thesis was to draw lessons from the factors of success that underlie the development of Tunisian and Ugandan organic sectors to advance recommendations that can help spur the development of African organics. The study drew on secondary data obtained from an array of sources, supplemented with clarifying information obtained through phone discussions and email exchanges with organic stakeholders in the two countries. The study framed broad and specific questions aimed at identifying and explaining the roles played by different stakeholders, governmental and non-governmental, in fostering the development of the organic sectors in the two countries ...


What Drives Participation In The Farm And Ranch Lands Protection Program?, Julie Whitson Jan 2014

What Drives Participation In The Farm And Ranch Lands Protection Program?, Julie Whitson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Farmland preservation works to protect working, productive farmland. The Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program (FRPP) is a federal program that provides matching funds to state, local, non-profit, and private entities that purchase agricultural conservation easements. This research uses a combination of in-depth qualitative interviews and spatial analysis with ArcGIS software to determine what factors influenced participation in FRPP prior to the 2014 Farm Bill. Interviews were conducted with program administrators, non-profit partner entities, and experts in federal agricultural policy. Spatial analysis used six federally-mandated criteria to determine what types of parcels score highest on federal ranking criteria if they ...


The Cathartic Reflection: Enhancing Community Engagement Through Use Of Qualitative Research Methods In Post-Disaster Community Planning, Abigail Marie Gaffey Jan 2013

The Cathartic Reflection: Enhancing Community Engagement Through Use Of Qualitative Research Methods In Post-Disaster Community Planning, Abigail Marie Gaffey

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Qualitative research methodological tools such as focus groups, key informant interviews and community surveys are traditionally used to provide context to larger quantitative research studies. These qualitative research methodologies, however, may be under utilized. They may also be deployed as an effective means of creating community engagement opportunities and opportunities for cathartic reflection for community leaders in post-disaster community planning. The author argues that dialogue-based forms of community engagement are an improvement over existing citizen participation strategies, citing what is now known about social capital formation, the Community Capitals Framework, Appreciative Inquiry, and Participatory Action Research. This hypothesis is examined ...


Walking In The Land Of Cars: Automobile-Pedestrian Accidents In Hillsborough County, Florida, Marc Aaron Poling Jan 2012

Walking In The Land Of Cars: Automobile-Pedestrian Accidents In Hillsborough County, Florida, Marc Aaron Poling

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Analyses of traffic accidents are often focused on the characteristics of the accident event and hence do not take into account the broader neighborhood contexts in which accidents are located. This thesis seeks to extend empirical analyses of accidents by understanding the link between accidents and their surroundings. The case study for this thesis is Hillsborough County, Florida, within which the city of Tampa is located. The Tampa Bay region ranks very high in terms of accident rates within U.S. metropolitan areas and is also characterized by transport policies which favor private automobiles over mass transit options, making it ...


Factors That Influence Physical Activity: Exploring The Impact Of Demographic And Built Environment Variables For The Communities Of Osceola, Independence And West Liberty, Iowa, Jasna Hadzic Jan 2011

Factors That Influence Physical Activity: Exploring The Impact Of Demographic And Built Environment Variables For The Communities Of Osceola, Independence And West Liberty, Iowa, Jasna Hadzic

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The aim of this study was to examine recreational activity patterns and their relationship to the built environment, spatial accessibility and socio-demographic status across three different rural communities in Iowa. Data on recreational activities were derived from the results of a transportation survey (telephone, online, and mail) that is conducted on an annual basis by Iowa State University Associate Professor Julia M. Badenhope as part of the Iowa Living Roadways `Community Visioning Program General Survey'. The data for the three communities pertaining to this study came from the 2008 and 2010 survey results. The study sample contained 178, 105 and ...


Sowing Seeds For Learning: A Case Study Of A School Garden In Pocahontas, Iowa, Katie Dirks Jan 2011

Sowing Seeds For Learning: A Case Study Of A School Garden In Pocahontas, Iowa, Katie Dirks

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis is a study of a school garden in Pocahontas, Iowa, examining three research questions: How was the school garden set up? Why was it set up in that manner? And what are the benefits that stemmed from the garden? Because the school district was short on resources, the community played a significant role in the success of the garden, highlighting the role that planning literature on collaboration theory can play in such a process. I utilized participant observation, stakeholder interviews, and student surveys to collect data for analysis and conclusions. The findings emphasized the importance of open communication ...


Brownfields Redevelopment And Gentrification: A Socio-Economic Evaluation Of The Epa Brownfields Pilot Program, Benjamin Harrison Fisher Jan 2011

Brownfields Redevelopment And Gentrification: A Socio-Economic Evaluation Of The Epa Brownfields Pilot Program, Benjamin Harrison Fisher

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study to answer the question of whether the Environmental Protection Agency's Brownfields Pilot Program unintentionally contributed to the gentrification of areas near brownfield redevelopments. Using Smith's (1979) rent-gap theory, this study hypothesizes that investment in redeveloping brownfields results in a socio-economic change within areas near redeveloped brownfields. Specifically, the change involves the in-migration of higher income residents and the out-migration of minority and low-income residents. To test this hypothesis, this project used a two part methodology to study EPA Region7: 1) a cross-sectional analysis and two-sample t-tests measured the extent of environmental injustice near ...


The Kcmo Stream Setback Ordinance: Science, Public Involvement, And Water Quality Protection, Laurie Lynn Brown Jan 2010

The Kcmo Stream Setback Ordinance: Science, Public Involvement, And Water Quality Protection, Laurie Lynn Brown

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This case study evaluates the suitability of the Kansas City, Missouri Stream Setback Ordinance as a model ordinance that illustrates the integration of science and public involvement in an effort to achieve water quality protection. Nationally, there is a vast knowledge base on appropriate riparian buffer widths that can provide the scientific foundation many communities are looking for to legally and politically defend a riparian buffer program. Many communities are recognizing the economic value of protecting water resources for the benefit of public infrastructure, health, and community quality of life. The City of Kansas City ordinance meets multiple community objectives ...


Evaluations Of Minor League Baseball Stadiums, Steve William Michael Jan 2010

Evaluations Of Minor League Baseball Stadiums, Steve William Michael

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study is the development of a comprehensive methodology that could be used by decision makers in minor league communities to better understand the decision making process of whether to construct or not.


Assessing The Community Food Environment: Examining The Impact Of Retail Food Availability And Accessibility Along Travel Routes For Office Workers In Polk County, Iowa, Joyce Gathoni Mbugua Jan 2010

Assessing The Community Food Environment: Examining The Impact Of Retail Food Availability And Accessibility Along Travel Routes For Office Workers In Polk County, Iowa, Joyce Gathoni Mbugua

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This research investigates spatial access to the food environment along work travel routes for a sample of office workers in Polk County, IA. It also evaluates Facilitated Volunteered Geographic Information (f-VGI) methodology as a tool for enhancing public participation, and for collecting user-generated spatial data on the food environment, especially along travel routes. Results of pilot testing of the f-VGI methodology demonstrate the importance of accurate and reliable measurement tools and techniques in food environment studies. It also underscores the value of participatory methodologies in accessing data to enable inclusionary decision-making in community planning and design.


Bridging The Gap Between Planning And Architecture: A Closer Look At Design Collaboration, Kelsey Jo Klein Jan 2010

Bridging The Gap Between Planning And Architecture: A Closer Look At Design Collaboration, Kelsey Jo Klein

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The two fields of Community Planning and Architecture have separately been dealing with the dilemma of suitable housing for many years; each have implemented projects and policies designed to improve conditions, some succeeded but for the most part, most failed. In today's world, integration is the key to moving forward; disciplines need to work together, instead of separately, to solve our housing problems. After many failed housing projects and policies, we have learned that the problems can not be solved by one person, or even one entity. It is for these reasons; I believe the two professions of Planning ...


Black Political Power And Its Impact On Federal Housing Subsidy Program 235 (I) In Charlotte, North Carolina, Terry Leon Bellamy Jan 2010

Black Political Power And Its Impact On Federal Housing Subsidy Program 235 (I) In Charlotte, North Carolina, Terry Leon Bellamy

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This paper presents an analysis of the Federal Housing Act program 235(i) and the convergence of the growing Black political power in Charlotte, North Carolina in the 1980's. The project analyzes the housing market in Charlotte, placing significant emphasis on the levels of Black home ownership, and addresses the racial and political climate that shaped how FHA 235(i) was utilized in the city. The paper provides planning and policy recommendations in the context of addressing racial and class issues that must be rectified to permit substantive change. The research also explained how the Black middle class was ...


From Local To Regional: Evolution Of Three Multi-Use Trails In Northeast Iowa, Nicholas E. Meyer Jan 2010

From Local To Regional: Evolution Of Three Multi-Use Trails In Northeast Iowa, Nicholas E. Meyer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Multi-use trail development in the United States has increased significantly in recent decades. In many communities, trails are recognized as a valuable component of recreation, quality of life amenity, and source of economic development. Trails usually originate as local grassroots projects designed for specific community purposes. In Northeast Iowa, three local projects are evolving into a regional trail system whereas others remain as community resources. The central question in this study is why and how did these local trail projects evolve to become regional destination trails? Case descriptions provide a chronological history of each trail's development. Themes in trail ...


Native Food Systems Organizations: Strengthening Sovereignty And (Re)Building Community, Breann Ashlie Leann Bye Jan 2009

Native Food Systems Organizations: Strengthening Sovereignty And (Re)Building Community, Breann Ashlie Leann Bye

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Though work in community food systems is increasing, and food seems to be on everyone's lips as a topic of conversation and debate, there is a significant lack of research on efforts in Native American communities in the United States to (re)construct their food systems in culturally appropriate ways. Linking literatures of food sovereignty, civic agriculture, and food systems planning, this research represents a first attempt to understand and learn from five Native Food Systems orgnanizations. Utilizing an open-ended interview format with key organizational leaders, the research offers a comparative analysis of their programs and initiatives. This research ...


Building Community Capacity: How Collaborative Planning Is Changing The Culture Of Governance In Seattle, Amber M. Kobler Jan 2009

Building Community Capacity: How Collaborative Planning Is Changing The Culture Of Governance In Seattle, Amber M. Kobler

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This research explores the theory on collaborative planning, capacity building and governance by examining a case study in Seattle, Washington. Throughout the 1980s, the City of Seattle experienced fits and starts with planning and growth management, as neighborhood groups often rose in opposition to City efforts. After the State of Washington passed its Growth Management Act in 1990 and neighborhood groups again opposed the new Comprehensive Plan developed to comply with the law, the City of Seattle tried a new tactic: collaborative neighborhood planning. Under this program, 38 neighborhoods created their own plans, designed to implement the Comprehensive Plan and ...


What Is Green Infrastructure? An Evaluation Of Green Infrastructure Plans From Across The United States, Timothy Dennis Youngquist Jan 2009

What Is Green Infrastructure? An Evaluation Of Green Infrastructure Plans From Across The United States, Timothy Dennis Youngquist

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The degradation of the natural environment has led city planners to consider green infrastructure, which includes much broader, regional goals that focus on landscape scale processes. This thesis explores green infrastructure planning, which builds on the goals of previous land use strategies. Green infrastructure is defined as an interconnected network of green spaces, which, when serving as the basis for development, can enhance the relationship between the human built environment and the natural environment. Environmental planning strategies have shown increasing complexity and scope during the last half century. Previous environmental planning strategies have failed to adequately address problems of land ...


If 'Smart' Is 'Sustainable'? An Analysis Of Smart Growth Policies And Its Successful Practices, Fei Yang Jan 2009

If 'Smart' Is 'Sustainable'? An Analysis Of Smart Growth Policies And Its Successful Practices, Fei Yang

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Smart growth is the new buzzword in our searching for an ideal community. It calls for a compact and walkable community with multiple transportation and housing options. Therefore, it is touted to solve most of urban problems. However, all the values incorporated in smart growth focus on current generation, there is no research attempts to justify if smart growth include one of our basic ethnics: taking future generations into account. Namely, it is unclear if smart growth incorporates the rationale of sustainability. This study aims to bridge this gap by using an indicator-based assessment model to evaluate smart growth policies ...


Innovation Without Fracture: A Study Of Spatial Negotiation In Chinese New Urbanism And Traditional Urbanism Communities, Tian Zhu Jan 2009

Innovation Without Fracture: A Study Of Spatial Negotiation In Chinese New Urbanism And Traditional Urbanism Communities, Tian Zhu

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Chinese new urbanism is changing the way people live and identify with their living spaces, shaping social identities away from tradition. As a result, new spatial practices are forming, which will have serious repercussions on the way people live together, and interact with each other, and eventually on the meaning of communal living. Through new design of communities, new/contemporary urbanism in China interrupts the traditional modes of interacting in public and private spaces, and makes communities developed as fractured entities. In particular, it fixes the boundaries between private and public spaces leaving no room for individual and collective negotiation ...


Street Societies Re-Invented: An Exploratory Study Of The Indian Community In Chicago, Arpita Ray Jan 2008

Street Societies Re-Invented: An Exploratory Study Of The Indian Community In Chicago, Arpita Ray

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study attempts to address issues of space appropriation by the people from the Indian sub-continent and explores how both the physical and regulatory settings support this practice on Devon Avenue, Chicago, IL. Psycho-geographic analysis of the site (sketches, observation and literature review) helped in the exploration of how this urban form helps shape the psyche and sociability of the street. In particular, direct observation captured in photographs taken at different times of the day over a disjointed period of about ten months and all weathers helped support the observations. The study also involved a series of interviews, mostly informal ...


Participation Technologies: A Framework For The Development Of An Online Interactive Gis Application, Jagadish Apparao Metla Jan 2008

Participation Technologies: A Framework For The Development Of An Online Interactive Gis Application, Jagadish Apparao Metla

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Geographic Information Systems (GIS) are generally implemented in a top-down manner and do not inherently support public participation. It is believed that when these GIS applications are supported with collaboration and decision-aid tools this gap can be reduced. This study explores the participatory tools and technologies that support spatial decision making. A step by step process is proposed to guide the selection of participation tools and technologies in different scenarios. An online application prototype is then developed with the tools suggested by the step by step process to support public participation in the Ames Urban Fringe Plan in Story County ...