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Urban, Community and Regional Planning

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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Clientelism And Planning In The Informal Settlements Of Developing Democracies, Chandan Deuskar Mar 2019

Clientelism And Planning In The Informal Settlements Of Developing Democracies, Chandan Deuskar

Graduate Student Research (City and Regional Planning)

The informal provision of benefits to the poor in exchange for political support, known as clientelism, often provides access to land and services for the urban poor in informal settlements in developing democracies. This review of multidisciplinary literature finds that while clientelism provides the urban poor with some access to the state, its benefits are often inadequate and inequitable. This kind of informal provision also disincentivizes or interferes with the implementation of formal plans. The literature provides some examples of transitions away from clientelism, but lessons for planners in facilitating such transitions are elusive.


Thriving Cities: How To Define, Apply, And Measure Well-Being At Scale, Jaclyn Gaffaney Aug 2017

Thriving Cities: How To Define, Apply, And Measure Well-Being At Scale, Jaclyn Gaffaney

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

What is a thriving city? Is it even possible to raise the well-being of an entire city, and why bother? Recent advancements in positive psychology have made it possible to define, measure, and increase well-being on a much larger scale. This provides an unprecedented opportunity for cities to explore well-being. In order to increase the well-being of the city – cities will need to think carefully about what that means, why it is important, and how they will do it. This capstone posits that cities can define what well-being means for themselves inclusive of: the target (the city, individuals, or other ...


Preserving Large Farming Landscapes: The Case Of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, Thomas L. Daniels, Lauren Payne-Riley May 2017

Preserving Large Farming Landscapes: The Case Of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, Thomas L. Daniels, Lauren Payne-Riley

Departmental Papers (City and Regional Planning)

Preserving large farming landscapes is one of the main goals of farmland preservation programs. Other goals include protecting highly productive soils, maintaining and enhancing the local farming economy, and promoting locally produced fresh food. Farmland preservation programs take time, however, because of the hefty funding requirements and the detailed process of preserving farmland through the acquisition of conservation easements by purchase or donation. The standard measures of dollars spent and farmland acres preserved do not give an accurate picture of the spatial outcomes of preservation and preservation effectiveness. Three other measures better reflect the spatial effectiveness of farmland preservation: acreage ...


Inundated: Holistically Improving Institutional Coordination And Crisis Management Following Superstorm Sandy, James Rausse Apr 2017

Inundated: Holistically Improving Institutional Coordination And Crisis Management Following Superstorm Sandy, James Rausse

Master of Science in Organizational Dynamics Theses

This Capstone analyzes institutional coordination and crisis management efforts surrounding Superstorm Sandy in the New York Metropolitan Area. It argues that response and recovery efforts were inconsistent, and at times ineffective, due to the lack of utilizing a holistic and systems thinking approach. Using the Rockaway Peninsula as a fractal exemplar of the region, this document identifies ways to improve preparation, response and recovery in a resilient fashion through improving communication, establishing trust, overcoming cognitive biases, creating a greater linkage between disaster planning and emergency management, and leveraging tools such as risk analysis and needs assessments. Through institutional coordination, crisis ...


Imaging Place: Interpreting Place Identity Through Consumer Marketing Techniques For Non-Profit, Community Development And Business Improvement Organizations, Audrey Rose Von Ahrens Jan 2016

Imaging Place: Interpreting Place Identity Through Consumer Marketing Techniques For Non-Profit, Community Development And Business Improvement Organizations, Audrey Rose Von Ahrens

Theses (Historic Preservation)

There is significant potential to further capitalize on the use of graphic images to elicit memory, fortify sense of place and communicate preservation values as a tool for neighborhood revitalization and economic development. This thesis paper researches how designed branding strategies and visual communications have been used by place-based, community and business development organization as a consumer marketing tool. By compiling graphic examples from the current brand campaigns of these organizations, a descriptive analysis informs trends and identifies the current preservation theories and values being followed. Interviews allow this thesis to study the thought-process behind the branding strategies and why ...


Evaluation Of The Effects Of Bottom-Up Management In Preserving Values Of Historic Hutong Neighborhood In Beijing: A Case Study Of Community-Based Organization (Cbo) - Shijia Hutong Historic Preservation Society, Haoyu Wang Jan 2016

Evaluation Of The Effects Of Bottom-Up Management In Preserving Values Of Historic Hutong Neighborhood In Beijing: A Case Study Of Community-Based Organization (Cbo) - Shijia Hutong Historic Preservation Society, Haoyu Wang

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Preservation of traditional urban neighborhoods in China has long been a government-oriented process. In particular, since the “Old and Dilapidated Housing Renewal Program” implementation in the late 1990s, the Beijing Hutong neighborhood renewal has become an important trigger for the municipal governments to engage with the real estate market. Yet over the years, the official forces have been facing increasing challenges in the development of politics, socio-culture, and economy. As a complement to the current top-down management, the bottom-up approach could improve the recognition of a holistic spectrum of site values in the fast changing environments. However, the lack of ...


Philly, Delhi And Beyond: What Is A Social Science Studio?, Kushanava Choudhury May 2015

Philly, Delhi And Beyond: What Is A Social Science Studio?, Kushanava Choudhury

Reports (Social Science Studio)

In Spring 2014, six students and one professor took part in a course offered by Urban Studies at U Penn, titled "Social Science Studio: Immigrants Make the City". By focusing on the Italian Market neighborhood, in South Philadelphia, students explored how immigration transforms urban spaces in large American cities. They researched how immigrants are remaking the city economically, politically, socially, and culturally. We approached the field with multiple sets of disciplinary tools to describe what exists on the ground, in order to accommodate multiple ways of seeing.

The "Social Science Studio" concept is simple: Use the design studio format to ...


Historical Layering And Historic Preservation In Relation To Urban Planning And Protecting Local Identity: City Study Of Nanjing, Mengjia Wang Jan 2015

Historical Layering And Historic Preservation In Relation To Urban Planning And Protecting Local Identity: City Study Of Nanjing, Mengjia Wang

Theses (Historic Preservation)

After 1980s, the People’s Republic of China modernized rapidly, resulting in vast changes to the fabric of cities. At the same time, China developed more sophisticated urban planning practices and historic preservation regulation. In 1982, the government officially created the concept of “predominant historic and cultural city,” for cities that are considered to have very significant historic and cultural values. Cities with such distinctive and important identity should be protected as a whole, not only through preservation movements but through systematic urban planning processes. However, historic preservation and urban planning sometimes are often considered to be antithetical, and accommodating ...


The Riddell Of Modern Architecture: Defining The Profession In The Mid-Nineteenth Century, Eryn Boyce Jan 2015

The Riddell Of Modern Architecture: Defining The Profession In The Mid-Nineteenth Century, Eryn Boyce

Theses (Historic Preservation)

When Philadelphia architect John Riddell published his pattern book Architectural Designs for Model Country Residences in 1861, American society was in the midst of a decades-long transformation. Industrialization caused rapid growth in America’s urban centers, raised the living standard and purchasing power of a large portion of the nation’s population, and encouraged the creation of separate pockets for business and industry in the urban environment. Against this background, builders, carpenters, and other professionals involved in the construction industry witnessed a push towards professionalization as those calling themselves “architects” sought to define their design work as a distinct profession ...


A Digital Revitalization: Immigration And The Italian Market, Sean Lynch Jan 2015

A Digital Revitalization: Immigration And The Italian Market, Sean Lynch

Reports (Social Science Studio)

Existing theories of public spaces are outdated because they largely ignore the advent of digital socialization. The revitalization of public spaces such as parks, sidewalks in the new urbanist mold is premised on ideas of public space from the 1950s, before suburban sprawl. However, technology, such as smart phones and social media, have fundamentally changed the way in which all groups now interface with space. This is especially true of immigrants, who exist in multiple spaces, at home and in the new city, at once and maintain these myriad linkages through digital space.

This project presents a critique of proposed ...


The Environmental Benefits Of Trees On An Urban University Campus, Corinne G. Bassett Jan 2015

The Environmental Benefits Of Trees On An Urban University Campus, Corinne G. Bassett

Master of Environmental Studies Capstone Projects

The University of Pennsylvania is situated on a rapidly growing and highly urbanized campus that, as of the summer of 2015, contained over 6,000 trees. Trees play an important ecological role within the urban environment, as well as support improved public health and provide aesthetic benefits to cities (Nowak et al. 2008; McPherson et al., 2003). This capstone project used the United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service’s software, i-Tree Eco, to quantify the ecosystem benefits that the University of Pennsylvania urban forest conveys to its community. Field research teams collected data on location and tree canopy size ...


Immigrants And Revitalization: Understanding The Regional Context, Emily Grablutz Jan 2015

Immigrants And Revitalization: Understanding The Regional Context, Emily Grablutz

Reports (Social Science Studio)

No abstract provided.


Immigrant Communities Of Philadelphia: Spatial Patterns And Revitalization, Jake Riley Jan 2015

Immigrant Communities Of Philadelphia: Spatial Patterns And Revitalization, Jake Riley

Maps (Social Science Studio)

No abstract provided.


Radical Preservation: The Transformation Of A Vacant Philadelphia School To Address Contextual Urban Opportunities, Nathaniel Hammitt Jan 2015

Radical Preservation: The Transformation Of A Vacant Philadelphia School To Address Contextual Urban Opportunities, Nathaniel Hammitt

Theses (Historic Preservation)

History and structure are traditionally seen as barriers: blockades between zones of occupation. But in fact both melt and dissolve even as they are formed. Structure and history are not blockades, rather thresholds-- themselves fully occupiable.

This thesis is the transformation of a Philadelphia district school-- but it is also a subversion of traditional adaptation. Investigating beyond existing means of preservation, the upgrade and recasting of Edward Bok AVTS projects a catalytic process and product: the synthesis of volumetric, organizational, and material recursions toward an architecture that challenges modes of design and community psychology within a historic framework.

Urban schools ...


Urban Development In Practice And Theory: A Baltimore Neighborhood Revitalization Model And A Unesco Framework, Amanda Mazie Jan 2015

Urban Development In Practice And Theory: A Baltimore Neighborhood Revitalization Model And A Unesco Framework, Amanda Mazie

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis compares a nonprofit planning real estate development model and a preservationist framework recently created by UNESCO to explore to what extent can these two models of urban development be combined to create the most positive impact on quality of life at the neighborhood scale? The first, The Reinvestment Fund, Development Partners, a nonprofit operating in Baltimore, MD utilizes the Federal Historic Tax Credit to retain the character of the neighborhood and create a more stable economic landscape. The second, the Historic Urban Landscape approach, is a UNESCO recommended framework to integrate historic fabric into urban areas undergoing modern ...


Hypnerotomachia Joins The Perkins Library: Collecting To Support Persuasion In Architectural Design And History, William B. Keller Jan 2015

Hypnerotomachia Joins The Perkins Library: Collecting To Support Persuasion In Architectural Design And History, William B. Keller

Scholarship at Penn Libraries

The acquisition of the Hypnerotomachia by the University of Pennsylvania Libraries aligned with collection development objectives established in the 1950s by Architecture Dean G. Holmes Perkins. In order to support the university’s training in contemporary design for architecture and urban planning, Perkins built a collection of textual and graphic resources reflecting architectural theory and practice from the Renaissance through the twentieth century. Perkins was a modernist but expected students to acquire expertise in the whole of architectural history. The Perkins Library is made available in dedicated space within the Anne and Jerome Fisher Fine Arts Library, University of Pennsylvania.


Evaluating The Performance Of The Greenbelt Policy For Present And Future Urban Growth Management And Environmental Protection: A Case Study In The Seoul Metropolitan Area Of South Korea, Albert Tonghoon Han Jan 2015

Evaluating The Performance Of The Greenbelt Policy For Present And Future Urban Growth Management And Environmental Protection: A Case Study In The Seoul Metropolitan Area Of South Korea, Albert Tonghoon Han

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation evaluates the effects of relaxing the growth management tool known as the greenbelt policy in the Seoul Metropolitan Area (SMA) of South Korea. The policy effect is measured by employing a series of spatial and statistical analyses on four urban sprawl measurement criteria: 1) physical containment, 2) housing affordability, 3) community service provision costs, and 4) commuting costs. Based on the analyses, I concluded that as a result of the greenbelt relaxation, the SMA has lost substantial amounts of farmland, forestland, pastureland, and wetlands to development between 1990 and 2010. Despite the considerable land consumption, not much land ...


The Politics Of Public Ownership: Preservation Advocacy For Modern Municipal Resources, Kimber Lea Vansant Jan 2014

The Politics Of Public Ownership: Preservation Advocacy For Modern Municipal Resources, Kimber Lea Vansant

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Advocacy is central to the work of preservationists, yet the particular set of issues that must be addressed when advocating for the preservation of Modern municipal buildings is a topic that has not been previously explored. In addition to the challenges commonly confronted when advocating for the preservation of postwar resources, monumental Modern municipal buildings face substantive obstacles that emanate exclusively from their municipal ownership. Challenges encountered firsthand in advocating for the preservation of the Philadelphia Police Administration Building (the Roundhouse) serve as the primary motivation for this study which investigates the determining factors that lead to the successful preservation ...


No Property Left Behind: An Exploration Of Abandoned Property Policies, Margaret Louise Smith Jan 2014

No Property Left Behind: An Exploration Of Abandoned Property Policies, Margaret Louise Smith

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Historic preservationists work on both the micro and the macro level: at the micro level, they handle the site-specific, bricks and mortar issues, and at the macro level, they manage community-oriented plans, such as historic districts. The two levels are important to grasp for placemaking – creating, or retaining, a sense of place. Historic preservation and placemaking are thus interrelated. Consequently, preservationists have equal concerns about abandoned properties as planners and as community advocates. In order to grow and serve the communities, preservationists must appreciate and exercise more than just those tools commonly found in the standard historic preservation lexicon; they ...


Why We Demolish: Assessing Heritage Loss In Philadelphia As A Catalyst For Policy Innovation In Historic Preservation, Samantha E. Kuntz Jan 2014

Why We Demolish: Assessing Heritage Loss In Philadelphia As A Catalyst For Policy Innovation In Historic Preservation, Samantha E. Kuntz

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Demolition of listed historic resources through policy provisions such as economic hardship and public interest has, in recent years, led to increased controversy and tension in the preservation community. As approvals to demolish such heritage anchors as the Sidney Hillman Medical Center, the Church of the Assumption, the Levy-Leas Mansion, the Episcopal Cathedral's Parish House, and the Boyd Theater interior continue to place the Philadelphia Historical Commission and developers at odds with preservation advocates, it is important to review the policy documents at the core of the issue. This thesis proposes that it is not the Commission but the ...


Raised Or Razed: The Challenge Of Climate Adaptation And Social Equity In Historic Coastal Communities, Rachel B. Isacoff Jan 2014

Raised Or Razed: The Challenge Of Climate Adaptation And Social Equity In Historic Coastal Communities, Rachel B. Isacoff

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Climate change threatens historic coastal communities, and reducing vulnerability through adaptation will not be easy – but it is necessary. Differing values of government agencies and local communities – contingent on attitudes to risk and cultural restrictions on action – may limit the options for adaptation. This thesis analyzes policy constraints for implementing the preventive strategies of constructing levees, elevating buildings and relocating towns in historic districts in the mid-Atlantic coastal region and makes recommendations for proactive, community-based decision-making processes.


A Tale Of Two Sandys, Erin Bergren, Jessica Coffey, Daniel Aldana Cohen, Ned Crowley, Liz Koslow, Max Liboiron, Alexis Merdjanoff, Adam Murphree, David Wachsmuth Dec 2013

A Tale Of Two Sandys, Erin Bergren, Jessica Coffey, Daniel Aldana Cohen, Ned Crowley, Liz Koslow, Max Liboiron, Alexis Merdjanoff, Adam Murphree, David Wachsmuth

Departmental Papers (Sociology)

Responses to Hurricane Sandy consistently cluster into two types according to how the issues have been defined and understood. On one hand, the crisis was seen as an extreme weather event that created physical and economic damage, and temporarily moved New York City away from its status quo. On the other hand, Hurricane Sandy exacerbated crises which existed before the storm, including poverty, lack of affordable housing, precarious or low employment, and unequal access to resources generally. A Tale of Two Sandys describes these two understandings of disaster and discuss their implications for response, recovery, and justice in New York ...


Presentation At Penn Urban Studies Colloquium: Delhi, The Invisible City, Kushanava Choudhury, Durba Chattaraj, Moulshri Joshi Oct 2013

Presentation At Penn Urban Studies Colloquium: Delhi, The Invisible City, Kushanava Choudhury, Durba Chattaraj, Moulshri Joshi

Presentations (Social Science Studio)

New Delhi is the capital of India, and a master-planned metropolis. Its unplanned spaces such as Urban Villages, Unauthorized Colonies and Jhuggi Jhopri Clusters tend to be seen as the margins of the planned city. Yet a majority of citizens live and work in these unplanned areas of the city.

For millions of Delhi-ites, the non-planned areas are sources of affordable rental housing as well as employment, as locations for thousands of small businesses and workshops. These spaces and the economies and communities they contain, are connected to the planned city through complex political and economic arrangements. These spaces and ...


Saving Each Other: Using Historic Preservation As A Tool For Therapeutic City Planning, Elizabeth Rose Hessmiller Jan 2013

Saving Each Other: Using Historic Preservation As A Tool For Therapeutic City Planning, Elizabeth Rose Hessmiller

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Therapeutic, or reparative, planning is city planning that focuses on reestablishing trust and good will with communities historically marginalized by planning in order to better serve them as the city continues to evolve. The way to do reparative planning is debated by scholars. The idea of therapeutic planning is not so much about apologizing for apology’s sake as it is about repairing wounds so that planners can continue to work for the public good while engaging a greater diversity of stakeholders.

This work explores the potential of historic preservation to serve as a tool in the pursuit of therapeutic ...


Is It Good To Be Green?: An Assessment Of County Green Infrastructure Planning In Colorado, Florida, And Maryland, Amy J. Lynch Jan 2013

Is It Good To Be Green?: An Assessment Of County Green Infrastructure Planning In Colorado, Florida, And Maryland, Amy J. Lynch

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Over the past twenty years, landscape-scale green infrastructure planning has emerged as a way to support green spaces that provide ecosystem services and to revalue them in the planning and land development process. Despite the growth, there is little empirical research on the specific strategies that comprise local government green infrastructure planning and their success in supporting three important aspects of green space networks: size/shape, quality, and connectivity. This research fills that gap by examining how county planning agencies carry out green infrastructure planning and the effectiveness of county strategies in retaining, preserving, and connecting green space over time ...


Physical Planning Strategies Of National High-Technology Industrial Development Zones In China, Sisi Liang May 2011

Physical Planning Strategies Of National High-Technology Industrial Development Zones In China, Sisi Liang

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Over the last two decades, High-Technology Industrial Development Zone (HIDZ) has become an important strategy for urban development in China. Modeled on earlier examples in the US and Asia, they have developed in unique ways in China because of the rapid urbanization, large-scale sites, and trend toward high-technology-based new townships or technopoles. While the 84 current national HIDZs widely use planning strategies in their government-guided development and construction, the impact of these planning strategies remains is not well understood. This dissertation explores how and to what extent planning and management strategies impact the outcomes of HIDZs. It examines closely four ...


Manual For Working With Arcgis 10, Amy Hillier Jan 2011

Manual For Working With Arcgis 10, Amy Hillier

Amy Hillier

No abstract provided.


The 2009 Annual Homelessness Assessment Report To Congress, Alvaro Cortes, Jill Khadduri, Larry Buron, Dennis P. Culhane Jun 2010

The 2009 Annual Homelessness Assessment Report To Congress, Alvaro Cortes, Jill Khadduri, Larry Buron, Dennis P. Culhane

Departmental Papers (SPP)

The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) is pleased to present the 2009 Annual Homeless Assessment Report (AHAR), the fifth in a series of reports on homelessness in the United States. The reports respond to a series of Congressional directives calling for the collection and analysis of data on homelessness. The AHAR reports provide the latest counts of homelessness nationwide—including counts of individuals, persons in families, and special population groups such as veterans and chronically homeless people. The report also covers the types of locations where people use emergency shelter and transitional housing; where people were ...


The Age Structure Of Contemporary Homelessness: Risk Period Or Cohort Effect?, Dennis P. Culhane, Stephen Metraux, Jay Bainbridge Jun 2010

The Age Structure Of Contemporary Homelessness: Risk Period Or Cohort Effect?, Dennis P. Culhane, Stephen Metraux, Jay Bainbridge

Departmental Papers (SPP)

This paper assesses the age composition of the sheltered homeless population and how the age of this population – both single adults and adults in families – have changed over the past two decades. Data for this study came from administrative records on shelter use in New York City and from the nationwide shelter and general population enumerations in each of the last two decennial census enumerations. Results are presented in a series of figures to illustrate 1) the changes in the age distributions of the homeless population over time; and 2) the age distribution of homeless populations compared to other populations ...


Ending Family Homelessness In Massachusetts: A New Approach For The Emergency Assistance Program, Dennis P. Culhane, Thomas Byrne May 2010

Ending Family Homelessness In Massachusetts: A New Approach For The Emergency Assistance Program, Dennis P. Culhane, Thomas Byrne

Departmental Papers (SPP)

This paper explores the current opportunity for policy reform of the Emergency Assistance (EA) system in Massachusetts. Recent initiatives by the state are described that have provided a context for systems change. Some of the challenges posed by the current program are discussed, particularly the lack of cost containment, and the resulting fact that significant public resources are spent supporting long-term stays in shelters and motels, which are not good for families or children. After an exploration of funding and resource issues, the paper concludes by establishing the foundation for changing the current system into one that would be outcome ...