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Urban, Community and Regional Planning

University of Massachusetts Amherst

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Articles 421 - 441 of 441

Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Economic Base Analysis Yankee Atomic Electric Company, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development Jan 1991

Economic Base Analysis Yankee Atomic Electric Company, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

This report examined the impact of the payroll, purchases, and secondary investments made by the Yankee Atomic Electric Company. It also looked at the way Yankee Atomic Electric Company and Burns Security employees spent their wages. The goal of the report was to determine whether the companies made a positive impact on job generation and income generation.


Site Feasibility Study Cottage Street Industrial Site, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development Jan 1991

Site Feasibility Study Cottage Street Industrial Site, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

The purpose of this report was to determine the feasibility of developing an industrial park on an 53 acre parcel located along Memorial Drive and Cottage Street in Springfield, Massachusetts.


Land Use Planning Study Impacts Of Short Line Railroads, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development Jan 1991

Land Use Planning Study Impacts Of Short Line Railroads, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

The purpose of this report was to examine local land use policies and practices in respect to short line railroads in Massachusetts to ensure that they meet federal and state goals. The railroads were located in Palmer, Westfield and Braintree, Massachusetts.


Chapter 21 E A Case For Regulatory Overhaul, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development Jan 1991

Chapter 21 E A Case For Regulatory Overhaul, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

The purpose of this report was to provide an economic development perspective on the problems introduced with the implementation of Chapter 21E in the state of Massachusetts. The report then explored the amendment that went into effect on July, 1992. The amendment privatized the response action at disposal sites and provided more flexible, case-by-case standards for the containment and control environment regulations.


Comprehensive Industrial Analysis The Paper Industry, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development Jan 1991

Comprehensive Industrial Analysis The Paper Industry, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

The purpose of this report was to examine the paper industry in the Berkshire, Franklin, Hampden, and Hampshire counties of Massachusetts. The overall goal of this study was to identify action steps that would help to retain and expand the industry in the four Western Massachusetts counties.


Site Feasibility Study Liberty Street Industrial Park, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development Jan 1991

Site Feasibility Study Liberty Street Industrial Park, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

The purpose of this report was to determine the feasibility of developing the 6.5 acre industrial parcel on Liberty Street in Springfield, Massachusetts. The city of Springfield is interested in identifying parcels of land that are suitable for encouraging the sitting of industry to facilitate economic growth


Massachusetts Enters The Global Age A Service Export Initiative, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development Jan 1991

Massachusetts Enters The Global Age A Service Export Initiative, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

This report was meant to be the first step in a long term initiative which was meant to seek and harness the vast service-oriented resources within Western Massachusetts and assist then in expanding along global lines.


Land Use Laws And Policies Suitability Of Industrial Lands, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development Jan 1991

Land Use Laws And Policies Suitability Of Industrial Lands, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

The report focuses on inventorying the availability of developable, industrially zoned land in the Pioneer Valley today. The problem addressed by the report was the lack of industrially zoned land that was actually available and suitable for development.


Land Use Laws And Policies Route 146 Corridor Overlay Districts, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development Jan 1990

Land Use Laws And Policies Route 146 Corridor Overlay Districts, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

The reason for this report was to draft a bylaw for the town of Millbury, Massachusetts. The bylaw would address a four mile stretch of road that connects Route 146 to the Massachusetts Turnpike.


Financial Performance Guarantees: The State Of Practice, Wayne Feiden, Raymond Burby, Edward Kaiser Jan 1989

Financial Performance Guarantees: The State Of Practice, Wayne Feiden, Raymond Burby, Edward Kaiser

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Faculty Publication Series

Financial performance guarantees are tools for ensuring that funds needed to pay for improvements called for by development permits and approvals are available in the event a developer defaults on permit requirements. Once limited to surety bonds and cash escrows, new types of guarantees have been developed and are coming into common use. Standby letters of credit, in particular, are being used more widely and have a number of advantages. To use guarantees successfully, municipal governments must make careful decisions about a number of administrative matters. Evidence from 309 municipalities reported in this article can help local planners make the ...


Mature Industrial Communities: The Realities Of Reindustrialization, John R. Mullin, Jeanne H. Armstrong Jan 1987

Mature Industrial Communities: The Realities Of Reindustrialization, John R. Mullin, Jeanne H. Armstrong

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Faculty Publication Series

This article analyzes the reindustrialization problems facing mature-industry communities in Massachusetts. The findings are based upon our planning consulting work and research projects involving forty cities and towns. The range of these communities includes those which have recovered, are on their way to recovery, and are stable; those which are declining; and those whose status is indeterminate. A variety of factors are reviewed, including unionization; work-force characteristics; the relationship between small and large plants; the characteristics of local companies; location; financing; the availability of land; and the role of local planning. Finally, we present recommendations concerning local action and possible ...


From Mill Town To Mill Town: The Transition Of A New England Town From A Textile To A High-Technology Economy, John Mullin, Jeanne Armstrong, Jean Kavanagh Jan 1986

From Mill Town To Mill Town: The Transition Of A New England Town From A Textile To A High-Technology Economy, John Mullin, Jeanne Armstrong, Jean Kavanagh

John R. Mullin

This article describes and analyzes the economic transformation of Maynard, Massachusetts. Located twenty-six miles west of Boston, Maynard was the home of the world's largest woolen mill. In 1950 the mill closed and 1,200 jobs were lost. During the next ten years, the town gradually recovered as the mill became the home of several innovative companies. Ultimately, the mill became the headquarters for the world's largest manufacturer of minicomputers. The circle is now complete: the mill is full and houses a company that claims a "world's largest" designation. The article analyses the rise and fall of ...


Infrastructure Planning In Rural Massachusetts, John R. Mullin, Jeanne H. Armstrong, Meir Gross, Robert D. Yaro Jan 1986

Infrastructure Planning In Rural Massachusetts, John R. Mullin, Jeanne H. Armstrong, Meir Gross, Robert D. Yaro

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Faculty Publication Series

This paper describes the importance of understanding and dealing with the problems of infrastructure planning and maintenance in rural communities. Infrastructure is defined to include roads, bridges, water and wastewater collection and treatment systems, and public buildings and capital equipment. The authors base their findings primarily on the experience of communities in Massachusetts, but these findings are readily applied to the situation of rural communities elsewhere in the U.S.A. and other developed countries. Three major conclusions are presented in the paper: the need for rural communities to develop long-range plans for infrastructure maintenance and finance; the need to ...


From Mill Town To Mill Town: The Transition Of A New England Town From A Textile To A High-Technology Economy, John Mullin, Jeanne Armstrong, Jean Kavanagh Jan 1986

From Mill Town To Mill Town: The Transition Of A New England Town From A Textile To A High-Technology Economy, John Mullin, Jeanne Armstrong, Jean Kavanagh

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Faculty Publication Series

This article describes and analyzes the economic transformation of Maynard, Massachusetts. Located twenty-six miles west of Boston, Maynard was the home of the world's largest woolen mill. In 1950 the mill closed and 1,200 jobs were lost. During the next ten years, the town gradually recovered as the mill became the home of several innovative companies. Ultimately, the mill became the headquarters for the world's largest manufacturer of minicomputers. The circle is now complete: the mill is full and houses a company that claims a "world's largest" designation. The article analyses the rise and fall of ...


Henry Ford And Field And Factory: An Analysis Of The Ford Sponsored Village Industries - Experiment In Michigan, 1918-1941, John R. Mullin Oct 1982

Henry Ford And Field And Factory: An Analysis Of The Ford Sponsored Village Industries - Experiment In Michigan, 1918-1941, John R. Mullin

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Faculty Publication Series

Between 1916 and 1941, Henry Ford embarked on an effort to decentralize the production facilities of the Ford Motor Company. One component of this effort was an experiment in which he located seventeen small factories, called Village Industries, in rural areas throughout southeastern Michigan. These factories were designed to utilize water power in the production of sub-assembly parts for Ford's main assembly plants and were intended to provide jobs for rural residents. Ford endeavored to develop a sense of "field and factory" in these plants by training rural workers in the latest technological advances, allowing them release time to ...


Henry Ford And Field And Factory: An Analysis Of The Ford Sponsored Village Industries - Experiment In Michigan, 1918-1941, John R. Mullin Jan 1982

Henry Ford And Field And Factory: An Analysis Of The Ford Sponsored Village Industries - Experiment In Michigan, 1918-1941, John R. Mullin

John R. Mullin

Between 1916 and 1941, Henry Ford embarked on an effort to decentralize the production facilities of the Ford Motor Company. One component of this effort was an experiment in which he located seventeen small factories, called Village Industries, in rural areas throughout southeastern Michigan. These factories were designed to utilize water power in the production of sub-assembly parts for Ford's main assembly plants and were intended to provide jobs for rural residents. Ford endeavored to develop a sense of "field and factory" in these plants by training rural workers in the latest technological advances, allowing them release time to ...


Assessing Economic Impacts Of Urban Recreation Development: Lowell National Historical Park, John Mullin, Meir Gross, James Palmer Jun 1981

Assessing Economic Impacts Of Urban Recreation Development: Lowell National Historical Park, John Mullin, Meir Gross, James Palmer

John R. Mullin

This article describes a pragmatic approach to assessing the economic impact of major urban recreation development. It is based on an assessment of the impact of the Lowell National Historical Park (LNHP) on the metropolitan area of Lowell, Massachusetts. This study was conducted by the authors in response to the National Park Services' (NPS) need to anticipate impacts resulting from the creation of a new National Park in Lowell. More specifically, the NPS requested an analysis of the likely impact that the LNHP would have on economic development, employment, land use patterns, and local citizens. The assessment was prepared under ...


Assessing Economic Impacts Of Urban Recreation Development: Lowell National Historical Park, John Mullin, Meir Gross, James Palmer Jun 1981

Assessing Economic Impacts Of Urban Recreation Development: Lowell National Historical Park, John Mullin, Meir Gross, James Palmer

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Faculty Publication Series

This article describes a pragmatic approach to assessing the economic impact of major urban recreation development. It is based on an assessment of the impact of the Lowell National Historical Park (LNHP) on the metropolitan area of Lowell, Massachusetts. This study was conducted by the authors in response to the National Park Services' (NPS) need to anticipate impacts resulting from the creation of a new National Park in Lowell. More specifically, the NPS requested an analysis of the likely impact that the LNHP would have on economic development, employment, land use patterns, and local citizens. The assessment was prepared under ...


The Impact Of National Socialist Policies Upon Local City Planning In Pre-War Germany (1933-1939): The Rhetoric And The Reality, John Mullin Jan 1981

The Impact Of National Socialist Policies Upon Local City Planning In Pre-War Germany (1933-1939): The Rhetoric And The Reality, John Mullin

John R. Mullin

This paper is a review and analysis of the influence of the national government upon local city planning during the pre-war years of National Socialism (1933-1939). The paper begins with a brief overview of the critical aspects of city planning during both the Wilhelmian years (1871-1918) and the Weimar era (1918-1932). These aspects are reviewed in the context of their contributions to the city planning profession in general and to the German experience in particular. The paper then reviews the influence of ideology on city planning activities and follows with an explanation of the "state of the city" at the ...


The Impact Of National Socialist Policies Upon Local City Planning In Pre-War Germany (1933-1939): The Rhetoric And The Reality, John Mullin Jan 1981

The Impact Of National Socialist Policies Upon Local City Planning In Pre-War Germany (1933-1939): The Rhetoric And The Reality, John Mullin

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Faculty Publication Series

This paper is a review and analysis of the influence of the national government upon local city planning during the pre-war years of National Socialism (1933-1939). The paper begins with a brief overview of the critical aspects of city planning during both the Wilhelmian years (1871-1918) and the Weimar era (1918-1932). These aspects are reviewed in the context of their contributions to the city planning profession in general and to the German experience in particular. The paper then reviews the influence of ideology on city planning activities and follows with an explanation of the "state of the city" at the ...


American Perceptions Of German City Planning At The Turn Of The Century, John Mullin Jan 1976

American Perceptions Of German City Planning At The Turn Of The Century, John Mullin

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Faculty Publication Series

The German city in the late 1800's was a victim of many of the malaises that had struck earlier in the century in Britain and the United States. Rapid industrialization, improved transportation networks, and massive urbanization contributed to the creation of overcrowded, slum-like, disease-ridden cities throughout the nation. The long-admired medieval centers were increasingly prone to epidemics and destruction by fire. In a cultural-political sense, they were perceived by the ruling authorities as being corrupt, anti-volklich and centers of the much feared socialist movement. For the greater part of the century, the city had been neglected by both the ...