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Articles 1 - 6 of 6

Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Women Confronting Natural Disasters: From Vulnerability To Resilience, Sara Hamideh Mar 2015

Women Confronting Natural Disasters: From Vulnerability To Resilience, Sara Hamideh

Community and Regional Planning Publications

In this monograph Enarson provides vivid sociological accounts of disaster from a gender perspective throughout twelve well integrated chapters. The author has broad experience with gender relations in disaster through years of research, involvement in women’s advocacy networks active in disaster and emergency management practice. Through retelling many women`s stories Enarson provides a good guide to new thinking about disaster risk and resilience. She brings original ideas to the table for policy makers and researchers as well as emergency managers, covering gender-sensitive research needs and emergency management practice.


Determinants Of Participation And Leadership In Food Security Groups In Southeast Uganda: Implications For Development Programs And Policies, Francis Y. Owusu, Haroon Sseguya, Robert E. Mazur, Jemimah M. Njuki Jan 2013

Determinants Of Participation And Leadership In Food Security Groups In Southeast Uganda: Implications For Development Programs And Policies, Francis Y. Owusu, Haroon Sseguya, Robert E. Mazur, Jemimah M. Njuki

Community and Regional Planning Publications

Local groups are increasingly being promoted as vehicles for effective involvement of community members in development initiatives in the Global South, with the expectation of successful and sustained achievements. Previous studies on participation and leadership in groups have yielded mixed results, implying a need for more contextualized and validated assessments. In this study, using 281 household interviews and discussions with 21 farmers’ groups in southeast Uganda, we established that group participation was positively associated with age of household head, household size, and proximity to trading and health facilities. Group leadership was positively associated with the educational level of the household ...


Post-9/11 U.S. Foreign Aid, The Millennium Challenge Account And Africa: How Many Birds Can One Stone Kill?, Francis Y. Owusu Oct 2007

Post-9/11 U.S. Foreign Aid, The Millennium Challenge Account And Africa: How Many Birds Can One Stone Kill?, Francis Y. Owusu

Community and Regional Planning Publications

President George Bush presented one of his major post-9/11 foreign aid initiatives – the Millennium Challenge Account – as a tool for counteracting both global poverty and international terrorism. The policy is based on the view that poverty and terrorism are linked and therefore alleviating poverty would help combat terrorism. The design and the implementation of the program however suggest that the U.S. government may have other intentions for the MCA, including overhauling the foreign aid regime. This paper discusses the MCA’s effectiveness in addressing both poverty and terrorism by highlighting the complex relationships between them. It also discusses ...


Differences In The Performance Of Public Organizations In Ghana: Implications For Public Sector Reform Policy, Francis Y. Owusu Jan 2006

Differences In The Performance Of Public Organizations In Ghana: Implications For Public Sector Reform Policy, Francis Y. Owusu

Community and Regional Planning Publications

This paper uses survey data from Ghana to examine whether there are significant differences in the characteristics of poor and good performing public organizations. The analysis show that good and poor public organizations differ in two respects: remuneration and hiring criteria. We argue that transforming poor performing organizations is more complex than simply addressing these differences – it requires fundamental changes in the cultures of the organization. We make recommendations for designing comprehensive public sector reform strategies that focus on changing organizational cultures of poor performing institutions. !


On Public Organizations In Ghana: What Differentiates Good Performers From Poor Performers?, Francis Y. Owusu Jan 2006

On Public Organizations In Ghana: What Differentiates Good Performers From Poor Performers?, Francis Y. Owusu

Community and Regional Planning Publications

Public sector reform programs implemented across Africa, including the World Bank’s “first” and ‘second” generation reforms, are based on the assumption that all public organizations are inefficient. This problematic assumption has had significant implications for policy in Africa. By failing to recognize that not all public organizations perform poorly, we ignore any potential lessons that could have been learnt from the experiences of organizations that have managed to perform effectively under the same social, political, economic and institutional environment. This paper uses Ghana as a case study to examine whether there are significant differences in the characteristics of poor ...


Livelihood Strategies And Performance Of Ghana’S Health And Education Sectors: Exploring The Connections, Francis Owusu Apr 2005

Livelihood Strategies And Performance Of Ghana’S Health And Education Sectors: Exploring The Connections, Francis Owusu

Community and Regional Planning Publications

The public sector in Africa is riddled with widespread ineffectiveness. Although some countries have implemented various reform programmes with the support of international development agencies, the results so far have been disappointing. One reason for the failure is that the policies have focussed more on achieving macroeconomic stability than making the organisations effective. This article explores a fundamental problem of the policies—the need to focus on the human component of organisational performance. Using education and health organisations in Ghana as examples, the article advances a hypothesis that the livelihood strategies of public sector employees and the performance of their ...