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2012

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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

The 2012 Point-In-Time Estimate Of Homelessness: Volume I Of The 2012 Annual Homelessness Assessment Report, Alvaro Cortes, Meghan Henry, Rj De La Cruz, Scott Brown, Jill Khadduri, Dennis P. Culhane Dec 2012

The 2012 Point-In-Time Estimate Of Homelessness: Volume I Of The 2012 Annual Homelessness Assessment Report, Alvaro Cortes, Meghan Henry, Rj De La Cruz, Scott Brown, Jill Khadduri, Dennis P. Culhane

Dennis P. Culhane

On a single night in 2012 there were 633,782 homeless people in the United States, including 394,379 who were homeless as individuals and 239,403 people who were homeless in families.


Climate Change Adaptation Chapter: Marshfield, Massachusetts, Joshua H. Chase, Jonathan G. Cooper, Rory Elizabeth Fitzgerald, Filipe Antunes Lima, Sally R. Miller, Toni Marie Pignatelli Dec 2012

Climate Change Adaptation Chapter: Marshfield, Massachusetts, Joshua H. Chase, Jonathan G. Cooper, Rory Elizabeth Fitzgerald, Filipe Antunes Lima, Sally R. Miller, Toni Marie Pignatelli

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Studio and Student Research and Creative Activity

Climate change, understood as a statistically significant variation in the mean state of the climate or its variability, is the greatest environmental challenge of this generation (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2001). Marshfield is already being affected by changes in the climate that will have a profound effect on the town’s economy, public health, coastal resources, natural features, water systems, and public and private infrastructure. Adaptation strategies have been widely recognized as playing an important role in improving a community’s ability to respond to climate stressors by resisting damage and recovering quickly.

Based on review of climate projections ...


The Unique And Combined Effects Of Homelessness And School Mobility On The Educational Outcomes Of Young Children, John W. Fantuzzo, Whitney A. Leboeuf, Chin-Chih Chen, Heather Rouse, Dennis P. Culhane Nov 2012

The Unique And Combined Effects Of Homelessness And School Mobility On The Educational Outcomes Of Young Children, John W. Fantuzzo, Whitney A. Leboeuf, Chin-Chih Chen, Heather Rouse, Dennis P. Culhane

Heather Rouse

This study examined the unique and combined associations of homelessness and school mobility with educational well-being indicators, as well as the mediating effect of absenteeism, for an entire cohort of third-grade students in Philadelphia. Using integrated archival administrative data from the public school district and the municipal Office of Supportive Housing, multilevel linear models were estimated to test these associations while adjusting for nesting of students within schools. Findings demonstrated that homelessness had a unique association with problems in classroom engagement, school mobility was uniquely related to both academic achievement and problems in classroom engagement, and experiencing both homelessness and ...


The Unique And Combined Effects Of Homelessness And School Mobility On The Educational Outcomes Of Young Children, John W. Fantuzzo, Whitney A. Leboeuf, Chin-Chih Chen, Heather Rouse, Dennis P. Culhane Nov 2012

The Unique And Combined Effects Of Homelessness And School Mobility On The Educational Outcomes Of Young Children, John W. Fantuzzo, Whitney A. Leboeuf, Chin-Chih Chen, Heather Rouse, Dennis P. Culhane

Dennis P. Culhane

This study examined the unique and combined associations of homelessness and school mobility with educational well-being indicators, as well as the mediating effect of absenteeism, for an entire cohort of third-grade students in Philadelphia. Using integrated archival administrative data from the public school district and the municipal Office of Supportive Housing, multilevel linear models were estimated to test these associations while adjusting for nesting of students within schools. Findings demonstrated that homelessness had a unique association with problems in classroom engagement, school mobility was uniquely related to both academic achievement and problems in classroom engagement, and experiencing both homelessness and ...


New Perspectives On Community-Level Determinants Of Homelessness, Thomas Byrne, Ellen Munley, Jamison D. Fargo, Anne Elizabeth Montgomery, Dennis P. Culhane Nov 2012

New Perspectives On Community-Level Determinants Of Homelessness, Thomas Byrne, Ellen Munley, Jamison D. Fargo, Anne Elizabeth Montgomery, Dennis P. Culhane

Dennis P. Culhane

Understanding the root causes of homelessness is important for developing effective solutions to the problem. This fact has not gone unnoticed by researchers, who have made numerous attempts to identify the underlying structural determinants of homelessness by modeling inter-community variation in the rate of homelessness as a function of community-level variables. Yet, prior studies in this area have a number of serious limitations, principally their reliance on methodologically flawed estimates of the size of the homeless population. The present study addresses this and other limitations by using newly available and more reliable estimates from the U.S. Department of Housing ...


The 2011 Annual Homeless Assessment Report To Congress, Alvaro Cortes, Louise Rothschild, Rj De La Cruz, Meghan Henry, Claudia Solari, Jill Khadduri, Dennis P. Culhane Oct 2012

The 2011 Annual Homeless Assessment Report To Congress, Alvaro Cortes, Louise Rothschild, Rj De La Cruz, Meghan Henry, Claudia Solari, Jill Khadduri, Dennis P. Culhane

Dennis P. Culhane

Between 2007 and 2011, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) has released an annual report on the extent of homelessness in the United States—the Annual Homeless Assessment Report (AHAR). The report documents how many people are using shelter programs for homeless people, and how many people are in unsheltered locations that are often called “the streets.” The AHAR is delivered each year to the U.S. Congress, and its contents are used to inform Federal, State, and local policies to prevent and end homelessness. This 2011 AHAR presents the most recent national estimates of homelessness ...


New Land: A Look At Very Large Floating Structures, Li Peng Oct 2012

New Land: A Look At Very Large Floating Structures, Li Peng

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

Very large floating structures(VLFS) are large, tethered buoyantstructures on a body of water.Due to land reclamation, heavysea traffic and a narrow strait tothe north which is shared withMalaysia, Singapore has littleterritorial waters to spare. Theseconsiderations will constrainlarge-scale VLFS deployments.


The Self-Conscious Gentrifier: The Paradox Of Authenticity And Impact Among "First-Wave Neo-Bohemians" In 2 Changing Neighborhoods, Naomi Bartz, Gordon Douglas Aug 2012

The Self-Conscious Gentrifier: The Paradox Of Authenticity And Impact Among "First-Wave Neo-Bohemians" In 2 Changing Neighborhoods, Naomi Bartz, Gordon Douglas

Faculty Publications, Urban and Regional Planning

Gentrification has been a major factor reshaping North American cities for at least four decades, as well as a vital concern of sociological research. In recent years, there appears to be an increasing awareness of the process among contemporary gentrifiers themselves. This self-conscoiusness is significant on two levels: (1) it is unanticipated by or at least unaccounted for in much of the canonical literature on gentrification, having only recently gained acknowledgement (most notably work by Brown-Saracino that explores aspects of a particular type of self-aware gentrifiier); (2) it is complicating the way many gentrifiers or would-be gentrifiers frame and actively ...


Perform + Function: A Proposal For A Healthy Public Housing Community, Brandon M. Harvey Aug 2012

Perform + Function: A Proposal For A Healthy Public Housing Community, Brandon M. Harvey

Masters Theses

PERFORM+FUNCTION: Proposal for A Healthy Public Housing Community

Architecture exists in Place, the integrated context of both the built and natural environments, including socio-economic, cultural, and political climates that influence our growth, development, and survival. As architecture necessitates around human purposes, it is important that architecture is built for and sited in an environment compatible for human well-being. My thesis focuses on human habitation and its immediate relationship with human health, assessing the performance and functionality of Place that have an impact on human health. Using public housing as the vehicle of my investigation, I will seek the appropriate ...


Understanding Multisystem Youth And Their Patterns Of Services Use, Dennis P. Culhane, Steven Metraux, Jung Min Park, Chin-Chih Chen Jul 2012

Understanding Multisystem Youth And Their Patterns Of Services Use, Dennis P. Culhane, Steven Metraux, Jung Min Park, Chin-Chih Chen

Dennis P. Culhane

This study integrates data from public schools (absenteeism/truancy), foster care, juvenile justice, homelessness and behavioral health services, to better understand the prevalence and types of multisystem services use in Philadelphia. Results suggest that some multisystem services use is intentional, such as transfers from juvenile justice to mental health residential treatment, whereas other patterns reflect the complex and overlapping needs of youth moving among service sectors. Results may suggest areas of collaborative service planning and integrated service strategies, to improve outcomes and reduce costs and duplication of services.


Raízes Da Greve Nas Instituições Federais De Ensino Superior, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras Jul 2012

Raízes Da Greve Nas Instituições Federais De Ensino Superior, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.


Evolução Da Greve Nas Instituições Federais De Ensino Superior, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras Jul 2012

Evolução Da Greve Nas Instituições Federais De Ensino Superior, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.


The Leadership Of Sustainable Cities: A Multiple-Case Study Of Two Oregon Cities, Kenneth L. Weaver Jul 2012

The Leadership Of Sustainable Cities: A Multiple-Case Study Of Two Oregon Cities, Kenneth L. Weaver

Theses, Dissertations, & Student Scholarship: Agricultural Leadership, Education & Communication Department

In order for cities to become more sustainable it is necessary for the leaders of the efforts to change the organizations and governments so that they understand and embrace what it means to be more sustainable. This study examined the change processes of two Oregon Cities, Corvallis and Eugene, that had made the choice to become more sustainable as a community. The approaches that the participant leaders used demonstrated the use of different ways of thinking about the leadership of change. The ways of thinking of the community leaders were formed by their unique personal backgrounds, knowledge, skills, and abilities ...


O Que Fazer Com O Pagamento Do 13o Salário (Entrevista), Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras Jul 2012

O Que Fazer Com O Pagamento Do 13o Salário (Entrevista), Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.


Valores Indevidamente Recebidos Por Servidores Públicos E As Discussões Sobre A Obrigação De Devolução Ao Erário, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras Jul 2012

Valores Indevidamente Recebidos Por Servidores Públicos E As Discussões Sobre A Obrigação De Devolução Ao Erário, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.


Paradiplomacia Empresarial Nas Relações Econômico-Internacionais, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras Jul 2012

Paradiplomacia Empresarial Nas Relações Econômico-Internacionais, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.


Trabalhadores Vão Quitar Dívidas Com 13º, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras Jun 2012

Trabalhadores Vão Quitar Dívidas Com 13º, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.


A Relevância Do Patrimônio Cultural Indígena, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras Jun 2012

A Relevância Do Patrimônio Cultural Indígena, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.


Cultura Estratégica E Projeção Brasileira Nas Relações Internacionais, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras Jun 2012

Cultura Estratégica E Projeção Brasileira Nas Relações Internacionais, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.


Um Balanço Após Uma Década Da Lei De Responbailidade Fiscal, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras Jun 2012

Um Balanço Após Uma Década Da Lei De Responbailidade Fiscal, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.


Marcos Normativos De Um Paradigma Cognitivo E Estratégico Para A Paz, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras Jun 2012

Marcos Normativos De Um Paradigma Cognitivo E Estratégico Para A Paz, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.


A Greve Nas Instituições Federais De Ensino Superior, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras Jun 2012

A Greve Nas Instituições Federais De Ensino Superior, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.


Getting On The Bus: Marketing San Luis Obispo's Regional Transit Authority, Jenna Higgins Jun 2012

Getting On The Bus: Marketing San Luis Obispo's Regional Transit Authority, Jenna Higgins

Master's Theses and Project Reports

A new trend is emerging, seeking to recognize the benefits of and encourage the use of public transportation. In the past, public transit agencies have not directed much energy or focus at marketing, seeking to use limited funds elsewhere. “The common perception is that money spent on marketing would be better spent on transit systems themselves…over time, a sustained investment in marketing increases the number of people who use transit. Increased ridership leads to increased revenue, and ideally, an increase in service to match the new demand” (Arpi, 2009).

Even as marketing gains importance in the public transit world ...


Like Laws And Sausages: The Tale Of A Mere Portion Of The Process To Develop The South Broad Street Corridor Plan, Amy R. Lopez Jun 2012

Like Laws And Sausages: The Tale Of A Mere Portion Of The Process To Develop The South Broad Street Corridor Plan, Amy R. Lopez

Master's Theses and Project Reports

The processes to develop community plans share certain standard activities and stages while remaining distinctive and without pre-scripted procedures. This study documents the process that yielded the South Broad Street Corridor Plan June 2012 draft. The objective is to present the decision-making processes and their connections to the final plan document along with the plan document itself.


Los Angeles County's Enterprise Linkages Project: An Example Of The Use Of Integrated Data Systems In Making Data-Driven Policy And Program Decisions, Thomas Byrne, Stephen Metraux, Manuel Moreno, Dennis P. Culhane, Halil Toros, Max Stevens May 2012

Los Angeles County's Enterprise Linkages Project: An Example Of The Use Of Integrated Data Systems In Making Data-Driven Policy And Program Decisions, Thomas Byrne, Stephen Metraux, Manuel Moreno, Dennis P. Culhane, Halil Toros, Max Stevens

Dennis P. Culhane

Governments at all levels are tasked with administering public programs that serve large numbers of people. The use of integrated data systems (IDS), which can be used to link administrative records from multiple public agencies into one database, offer a unique mechanism for providing the type of comprehensive information that is important for understanding the complex needs of vulnerable populations and for making data-based policy and program decisions that translate into more effective and efficient policies. In this paper, we draw on recent efforts to restructure Los Angeles County’s General Relief (GR) Program – a cash assistance program for indigent ...


Get Your Butt Off The Ground!: Consequences Of Cigarette Waste And Litter-Reducing Methods, Joyce Lee May 2012

Get Your Butt Off The Ground!: Consequences Of Cigarette Waste And Litter-Reducing Methods, Joyce Lee

Pomona Senior Theses

Cigarette butts are rapidly accumulating on our planet; trillions of them are discarded every year. In this paper, I examine why cigarette litter is a problem. I first discuss the biodegradability of filters and its scientific basis, including ways to enhance degradation rates by chemically manipulating filters. I also talk about the persistence of cigarette chemicals and their potential toxic effects on children and animals. I consider other social, economic, and environmental consequences of cigarette filters and chemicals. Furthermore, I discuss various solutions smokers and non-smokers alike have created to address the problem of cigarette litter; these methods come from ...


The Role Of The Household In Urban Forestry As A Measure Of Urban Sustainability: A Matrix Of Action And Change, Anthony M. Rodriguez Ph.D. May 2012

The Role Of The Household In Urban Forestry As A Measure Of Urban Sustainability: A Matrix Of Action And Change, Anthony M. Rodriguez Ph.D.

Faculty Scholarship

The urban forest holds several important positions within the built and unbuilt environments. Those positions include economic, health, sustainability, quality of life measures, and overall protection of the environment, including air, water, and soil. The points are highlighted by Wolf (2005, 2007), McPherson (2005), and Rowntree & Nowak (1991). This research references the four socio-economic sectors; the public or government sector, for profit or market sector, philanthropic or nonprofit sector, and the household or private sector (Biggs & Helm 2007). The common purposes and role of each sector with respect to the urban tree cover takes on importance as they interrelate with concerns for public health, economic viability, tree coverage, tree ...


Exploring German And American Modes Of Pedagogical And Institutional Sustainability: Forging A Way Into The Future, Lindon N. Pronto Apr 2012

Exploring German And American Modes Of Pedagogical And Institutional Sustainability: Forging A Way Into The Future, Lindon N. Pronto

Pitzer Senior Theses

Rooted deep in Germany's past is its modern socio-political grounding for environmental respect and sustainability. This translates into individual and collective action and extends equally to the economic and policy realm as it does to educational institutions. This thesis evaluates research conducted in Germany with a view to what best approaches are transferable to the United States liberal arts setting. Furthermore, exemplary American models of institutional sustainability and environmental education are explored and combined with those from abroad to produce a blueprint and action plan fitting for the American college and university.


Revitalized Streets Of San Francisco: A Study Of Redevelopment And Gentrification In Soma And The Mission, Lucy K. Phillips Apr 2012

Revitalized Streets Of San Francisco: A Study Of Redevelopment And Gentrification In Soma And The Mission, Lucy K. Phillips

Scripps Senior Theses

San Francisco's South of Market (SoMa) neighborhood and the Mission District are facing new forms of redevelopment. The deindustrialization of SoMa has posed an opportunity for a 'new model' of gentrification to create a mixed-use, mixed-income neighborhood from an area previously occupied by abandoned warehouses and vacant lots. In the Mission, awareness of the threats of gentrification and increased community participation are fighting to preserve the neighborhood and eliminate displacement. The innovative approaches to urban revitalization in these two neighborhoods demonstrate how redevelopment may occur without gentrification.


Relações Civil-Político-Militares Na América Do Sul., Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras Apr 2012

Relações Civil-Político-Militares Na América Do Sul., Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.