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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Women Confronting Natural Disasters: From Vulnerability To Resilience, Sara Hamideh Mar 2015

Women Confronting Natural Disasters: From Vulnerability To Resilience, Sara Hamideh

Community and Regional Planning Publications

In this monograph Enarson provides vivid sociological accounts of disaster from a gender perspective throughout twelve well integrated chapters. The author has broad experience with gender relations in disaster through years of research, involvement in women’s advocacy networks active in disaster and emergency management practice. Through retelling many women`s stories Enarson provides a good guide to new thinking about disaster risk and resilience. She brings original ideas to the table for policy makers and researchers as well as emergency managers, covering gender-sensitive research needs and emergency management practice.


An Exploratory Case Study Of Three Scales Of Food Pantries In Story County, Iowa, Jacqueline Ann Nester Jan 2015

An Exploratory Case Study Of Three Scales Of Food Pantries In Story County, Iowa, Jacqueline Ann Nester

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Story County, Iowa, has the highest rate of food insecurity (15.2%) in the state (12.7%). As a result of this large need, the county has responded by creating 16 private food pantries and one soup kitchen. Many people, however, require both public (e.g. SNAP, WIC, TEFAP, and School Lunch/Breakfast Program) and private assistance, indicating the depth of food insecurity is great. As a result of this growing demand for private emergency food to supplement public food assistance programming, questions emerge about the effectiveness of this approach. Thus, an exploratory case study looking at three scales of ...


An Analysis Of Travel Behavior Of University Population Consisting Of Students, Faculty And Staff At Iowa State University, Meghna Chakraborty Jan 2015

An Analysis Of Travel Behavior Of University Population Consisting Of Students, Faculty And Staff At Iowa State University, Meghna Chakraborty

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The study of travel behavior is one of the key areas in the field of transportation planning. However, there is has been limited research on the travel behavior of university population. With the help of analyzing the travel behavior of university population including students and employees, this study attempts to answer the following questions: (i) what are the modal choices of the students and employees in a rural university setting? (ii) how employees and university students from the same university are different in terms of travel behavior? (iii) what are the influencing factors or determinants of the travel pattern of ...


An Absent Space: The Story Of The Central Iowa Regional Association Of Local Governments (Cirlag), Carlton Basmajian Jun 2014

An Absent Space: The Story Of The Central Iowa Regional Association Of Local Governments (Cirlag), Carlton Basmajian

Resilient Neighborhoods Technical Reports and White Papers

Without fanfare, regional planning agencies have played a key role in overseeing the production of many the nation’s modern urban infrastructure systems (highways, wastewater, transit) during the last 60 years. At present, Des Moines is the most populous metropolitan area in the United States without a functioning regional planning agency, a condition that has persisted since 1983, when the Central Iowa Regional Association of Local Governments (CIRALG) shut down amid a federal investigation of financial mismanagement and administrative malfeasance. The story of CIRALG’s collapse provides a glimpse of some of the problems that have plagued regional decision making ...


What Drives Participation In The Farm And Ranch Lands Protection Program?, Julie Whitson Jan 2014

What Drives Participation In The Farm And Ranch Lands Protection Program?, Julie Whitson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Farmland preservation works to protect working, productive farmland. The Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program (FRPP) is a federal program that provides matching funds to state, local, non-profit, and private entities that purchase agricultural conservation easements. This research uses a combination of in-depth qualitative interviews and spatial analysis with ArcGIS software to determine what factors influenced participation in FRPP prior to the 2014 Farm Bill. Interviews were conducted with program administrators, non-profit partner entities, and experts in federal agricultural policy. Spatial analysis used six federally-mandated criteria to determine what types of parcels score highest on federal ranking criteria if they ...


Determinants Of Participation And Leadership In Food Security Groups In Southeast Uganda: Implications For Development Programs And Policies, Francis Y. Owusu, Haroon Sseguya, Robert E. Mazur, Jemimah M. Njuki Jan 2013

Determinants Of Participation And Leadership In Food Security Groups In Southeast Uganda: Implications For Development Programs And Policies, Francis Y. Owusu, Haroon Sseguya, Robert E. Mazur, Jemimah M. Njuki

Community and Regional Planning Publications

Local groups are increasingly being promoted as vehicles for effective involvement of community members in development initiatives in the Global South, with the expectation of successful and sustained achievements. Previous studies on participation and leadership in groups have yielded mixed results, implying a need for more contextualized and validated assessments. In this study, using 281 household interviews and discussions with 21 farmers’ groups in southeast Uganda, we established that group participation was positively associated with age of household head, household size, and proximity to trading and health facilities. Group leadership was positively associated with the educational level of the household ...


Biobased Products And The Leed® Rating System, Meredith Chambers, Mikesch Muecke Oct 2010

Biobased Products And The Leed® Rating System, Meredith Chambers, Mikesch Muecke

Architecture Publications

At the beginning of the 20th century, over 40% by weight of all the materials consumed through the production of goods within the United States were comprised of renewable resources (Matos and Wagner 1998). In contrast, by the end of the 20th century renewable material usage had dropped to less than 8% by weight (Matos and Wagner 1998). Combined with both an increase in the overall rate at which we consume resources as well as growing awareness of the inherently finite availability of nonrenewable resources, the early decades of the 21st century may mark the beginning of a shift back ...


Analysis Of Policy And Educational Approaches Within The Seattle Recycling Program, Ryan Joel Six Jan 2008

Analysis Of Policy And Educational Approaches Within The Seattle Recycling Program, Ryan Joel Six

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study aims to deepen our understanding of the policy and educational approaches within the Seattle, Washington residential recycling program. Through an analysis of Seattle's policy approaches and the role of education, this study makes recommendations for both its improvement and other communities looking to bolster and or implement their own recycling program. To guide the recommendations, it was necessary to find how a recycling program can target a broad audience to create more awareness and reach those in the community that have not been involved. Straughan (1999) noted that the success of a community's' recycling program relies ...


An Analysis Of The Creative Economy In Rural Midwestern Communities, Brad Robert Schmidt Jan 2008

An Analysis Of The Creative Economy In Rural Midwestern Communities, Brad Robert Schmidt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The creative economy concept has recently become increasingly popular. Although the concept is popular and research is being conducted on it, there has been a lack of research on the creative economy in rural communities. This thesis attempts to determine the characteristics that define the creative economy in rural communities. Previous research found that creative workers prefer communities with certain characteristics which include technology, talent, tolerance, lifestyle, and authenticity/identity (Florida 2002). The results of this study indicate that rural creative communities in the Midwest tend to have higher percentages of residents with at least a bachelor's degree, more ...


Exploring The Relationship Between Income And Property Taxation At The Municipal Level, Casey J. Muhm Jan 2008

Exploring The Relationship Between Income And Property Taxation At The Municipal Level, Casey J. Muhm

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Municipalities in Iowa are heavily reliant upon property tax revenue as a means of finance; a phenomenon which many feel has negative implications for local governance. A frequently cited remedy for this is the diversification of municipal revenue sources by enabling municipalities to collect income tax. Proponents claim that doing so would allow municipal governments to become less dependent upon property tax revenue, as well as provide relief to property taxpayers in the form of lower rates and collections. The purpose of this thesis is to explore those claims by examining whether municipalities with income tax exhibit lower property taxes ...


Forces Affecting Prospects For Joint Land Use Planning Services In Boone County, Iowa, Luke Paul Nelson Jan 2008

Forces Affecting Prospects For Joint Land Use Planning Services In Boone County, Iowa, Luke Paul Nelson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study utilizes grounded theory to analyze the factors associated with a joint planning department in Boone County, Iowa.


Post-9/11 U.S. Foreign Aid, The Millennium Challenge Account And Africa: How Many Birds Can One Stone Kill?, Francis Y. Owusu Oct 2007

Post-9/11 U.S. Foreign Aid, The Millennium Challenge Account And Africa: How Many Birds Can One Stone Kill?, Francis Y. Owusu

Community and Regional Planning Publications

President George Bush presented one of his major post-9/11 foreign aid initiatives – the Millennium Challenge Account – as a tool for counteracting both global poverty and international terrorism. The policy is based on the view that poverty and terrorism are linked and therefore alleviating poverty would help combat terrorism. The design and the implementation of the program however suggest that the U.S. government may have other intentions for the MCA, including overhauling the foreign aid regime. This paper discusses the MCA’s effectiveness in addressing both poverty and terrorism by highlighting the complex relationships between them. It also discusses ...


Exploring Micropolitan Areas As A Source Of Population Growth In Iowa, David G. Inbody Jan 2007

Exploring Micropolitan Areas As A Source Of Population Growth In Iowa, David G. Inbody

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As sluggish growth persists in the state of Iowa, micropolitan areas may provide a viable source for expanding development. This thesis has two primary objectives: to better understand those factors driving population growth among micropolitan areas and to explore micropolitan areas in the state of Iowa as compared to micropolitan areas in other parts of the country. The analyses show a relationship between four of the five growth factors (agglomeration, recreation, immigration, education and diversification) and effective growth rate, the difference between micropolitan population growth and statewide population growth. As the number of qualifying categories increase for a micropolitan area ...


The Role Of The City Administrator And Small Town Planning: A Qualitative Study Of Iowa's Small Town Managers, Ryan A. Bland Jan 2007

The Role Of The City Administrator And Small Town Planning: A Qualitative Study Of Iowa's Small Town Managers, Ryan A. Bland

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Small town city administrators have the responsibility of managing all functions for the community in which they are employed, but often lack the resources of their larger counterparts to devote to specific city functions such as planning. This includes planning and development functions.;Studies show that city administrators, in all sizes of cities, have varying roles that accompany their positions. For the purpose of this study, those roles have been separated into traditional/technical roles, and contemporary/proactive roles. This study questions whether these roles impact the quality of small town planning.;Through surveys and interviews with small town Iowa ...


An Examination Of Contributing Factors To Land Use/Land Cover Change In Southern Belize And The Use Of Satellite Image Analysis To Track Changes, Marissa Lenée Moore Jan 2007

An Examination Of Contributing Factors To Land Use/Land Cover Change In Southern Belize And The Use Of Satellite Image Analysis To Track Changes, Marissa Lenée Moore

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Land use and land cover change analyses are important tools for planning and development decisions. Tropical deforestation has both local and global implications. One main reason for deforestation is the conversion of forest to agricultural land. This study explores influences and potential causes for agricultural expansion and deforestation within the Toledo District in southern Belize, Central America. Many factors play into the deforestation and degradation of tropical forests in this district, including social, cultural, political and economic issues, all of which need serious consideration if planners and politicians are to combat the problem. Understanding the reasons for deforestation goes hand ...


Gis Modeling Of Urbanization Impacts On Natural Resources, Dakota County, Minnesota, Lan Wei Jan 2007

Gis Modeling Of Urbanization Impacts On Natural Resources, Dakota County, Minnesota, Lan Wei

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research focused on the impacts of urbanization in natural resources and land-cover changes due to urban development in Dakota County, Minnesota. An existing planning guide, the 2030 Regional Development Framework (2030 RDF) for the Twin Cities Metro Area, was analyzed and employed as a reference in this research. Geographic information systems (GIS) technology was used to help determine characteristics of urban land-cover changes, such as population change, land cover changes, and the environmental impacts on natural resources caused by urban development. Furthermore, land suitability modeling was utilized to analyze possible future development, from the perspectives of urban expansion and ...


The Role Of Government And Regulation In The Emerging Real Estate Industry In Ghana, Nana Kusi Appiah Jan 2007

The Role Of Government And Regulation In The Emerging Real Estate Industry In Ghana, Nana Kusi Appiah

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The need to provide quality and affordable housing to Ghanaian professionals, including teachers, doctors, nurses, university professors have led the government to explore different alternative investment options in the housing sector. Given the government's embrace of World Bank-supported neo-liberal economic policies, it is not surprising that it opted to shift from government-support and provision approach to a private sector-led housing policy. One visible result of this policy shift is the emergence of private real estate companies in many major cities. This study discusses the effectiveness of past housing policies and the increasing role of the private sector in the ...


How Urban Form Effects Sense Of Community: A Comparative Case Study Of A Traditional Neighborhood And Conventional Suburban Development In Northern Virginia, Jason Lee Beske Jan 2007

How Urban Form Effects Sense Of Community: A Comparative Case Study Of A Traditional Neighborhood And Conventional Suburban Development In Northern Virginia, Jason Lee Beske

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Urban form and sense of community have been explored as distinct disciplinary concepts for decades; however, often without the endorsement of a normative standard or measure. The purpose of this study was to explore the interrelationship of these concepts by comparing two Northern Virginia neighborhoods, which are in close proximity to Washington, DC. Brambleton, a traditional neighborhood development, and Stratford, a nearby conventional suburban development, were chosen as case study communities due to their physical representation of distinct urban forms and socio-demographic characteristics. Neighborhood residents were surveyed regarding the impact of their immediate built environment and their perception of physical ...


A Study Of The Association Of The Iowa Hotel And Motel Tax With The General Property Tax Mill Rate For Iowa Communities, Arleen Marie Griesemer Faeth Jan 2007

A Study Of The Association Of The Iowa Hotel And Motel Tax With The General Property Tax Mill Rate For Iowa Communities, Arleen Marie Griesemer Faeth

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The availability of tax revenue data in digital format prompted a study of Iowa communities with respect to their general property tax mill rate and the presence or absence of a hotel and motel tax. Both of these revenue sources are dispersed entirely to the local community. The revenue does not remain in the State's general fund. Alternative tax revenue sources are an important component in the decision making process of local city planners, city managers and community development administrators.;The intent of this thesis was to determine if there is an association between the general property tax mill ...


Differences In The Performance Of Public Organizations In Ghana: Implications For Public Sector Reform Policy, Francis Y. Owusu Jan 2006

Differences In The Performance Of Public Organizations In Ghana: Implications For Public Sector Reform Policy, Francis Y. Owusu

Community and Regional Planning Publications

This paper uses survey data from Ghana to examine whether there are significant differences in the characteristics of poor and good performing public organizations. The analysis show that good and poor public organizations differ in two respects: remuneration and hiring criteria. We argue that transforming poor performing organizations is more complex than simply addressing these differences – it requires fundamental changes in the cultures of the organization. We make recommendations for designing comprehensive public sector reform strategies that focus on changing organizational cultures of poor performing institutions. !


On Public Organizations In Ghana: What Differentiates Good Performers From Poor Performers?, Francis Y. Owusu Jan 2006

On Public Organizations In Ghana: What Differentiates Good Performers From Poor Performers?, Francis Y. Owusu

Community and Regional Planning Publications

Public sector reform programs implemented across Africa, including the World Bank’s “first” and ‘second” generation reforms, are based on the assumption that all public organizations are inefficient. This problematic assumption has had significant implications for policy in Africa. By failing to recognize that not all public organizations perform poorly, we ignore any potential lessons that could have been learnt from the experiences of organizations that have managed to perform effectively under the same social, political, economic and institutional environment. This paper uses Ghana as a case study to examine whether there are significant differences in the characteristics of poor ...


Livelihood Strategies And Performance Of Ghana’S Health And Education Sectors: Exploring The Connections, Francis Owusu Apr 2005

Livelihood Strategies And Performance Of Ghana’S Health And Education Sectors: Exploring The Connections, Francis Owusu

Community and Regional Planning Publications

The public sector in Africa is riddled with widespread ineffectiveness. Although some countries have implemented various reform programmes with the support of international development agencies, the results so far have been disappointing. One reason for the failure is that the policies have focussed more on achieving macroeconomic stability than making the organisations effective. This article explores a fundamental problem of the policies—the need to focus on the human component of organisational performance. Using education and health organisations in Ghana as examples, the article advances a hypothesis that the livelihood strategies of public sector employees and the performance of their ...


County Zoning In Iowa: An Explanation Of Chapter 335 Of The Iowa Code, Stuart Huntington Jan 2000

County Zoning In Iowa: An Explanation Of Chapter 335 Of The Iowa Code, Stuart Huntington

Extension Community and Economic Development Publications

Chapter 335 of the Iowa Code delegates zoning authority to counties, which helps give direction in developing and controlling future growth. This publication is a resource for Iowa county officials and citizens interested in chapter 335.


Assessing The Benefit Of Improved Traveler Information: A Pseudo-Dynamic Modeling Approach , Michael David Anderson Jan 1998

Assessing The Benefit Of Improved Traveler Information: A Pseudo-Dynamic Modeling Approach , Michael David Anderson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research develops an assessment methodology to estimate traveler information benefits using regional travel demand and microscopic simulation approaches in combination. This method uses the strengths of the two conventional approaches in an innovative way, providing essentially a pseudo-dynamic model capability that uses readily available data and is easy to understand and implement. The pseudo-dynamic model provides measures of delay that are more reasonable than those available through either of the model sub-components individually;While attempts have been made to develop dynamic regional planning models, regional model "simulation" is not yet available. Therefore, the approach addresses several gaps in capabilities ...


Application Of Current Environmental Research To Golf Course Design, Construction, And Management Practices , Mark Gregory Kuiper Jan 1997

Application Of Current Environmental Research To Golf Course Design, Construction, And Management Practices , Mark Gregory Kuiper

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The recent proliferation of environmental research on golf courses has greatly expanded the understanding of the environmental impacts and costs of various golf course design, construction, and management strategies. This new body of research, however, has not yet been consolidated into a set of principles for sustainable golf course development and management. The purpose of this research will be to draw from current research to develop such a set of principles and, in particular, to examine the economic and environmental benefits of using native vegetation on golf courses. The objectives of this research were to: -- review and synthesize the large ...


Assessment Of The Perceptions And Attitudes Of Construction Aggregate Mine Operators And County Regulatory Officials Regarding Aggregate Mining , Joseph Patrick Mcguire Jan 1995

Assessment Of The Perceptions And Attitudes Of Construction Aggregate Mine Operators And County Regulatory Officials Regarding Aggregate Mining , Joseph Patrick Mcguire

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Aggregate is the general name given to sand, gravel, limestone or other crushed stone materials. Crushed stone, in one form or another, is used in nearly every construction project. However, for a variety of reasons, the average citizen does not realize the importance or need for construction aggregate. As a result, individuals or groups who feel they may be negatively affected by the presence of an aggregate mine, frequently organize to oppose granting the permits required to operate them;A review of the literature suggests obtaining the permits required to mine and process construction aggregate is becoming a more difficult ...


Housing Constraints And Adjustment Behaviors Of Vulnerable Households , Marilyn Jo Bruin Jan 1995

Housing Constraints And Adjustment Behaviors Of Vulnerable Households , Marilyn Jo Bruin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Three papers examine residential satisfaction, housing quality, and reported change in residential quality for households headed by single-parent women or divorced parents. Families headed by single or remarried parents are vulnerable to housing problems in that they are more likely than nuclear families to have low levels of economic resources and unmet housing needs. Three separate analyses of different data sets add to the understanding of the housing adjustment behaviors of households with non-normative family structures;The first paper reports the operationalization and testing of measures of personality characteristics to predict housing and neighborhood satisfaction. The results suggest that personality ...


Neighborhood Revitalization And Affordable Housing: A Case Study Of The River Bend Neighborhood, Des Moines, Iowa, Robert Neal Humason Jan 1993

Neighborhood Revitalization And Affordable Housing: A Case Study Of The River Bend Neighborhood, Des Moines, Iowa, Robert Neal Humason

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Implementation Of Public Policy: A Sociological Examination Of A Watershed Project Using Grounded Theory , James E. Malia Jan 1989

The Implementation Of Public Policy: A Sociological Examination Of A Watershed Project Using Grounded Theory , James E. Malia

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Local sponsors of federal projects may redefine policy initiatives and implementation strategies to be consistent with local perceptions of need and available resources. These local solutions may not be adequate to sustain the project or to address the larger societal good that is the prime policy objective. As a result, the policy fails to achieve its stated objectives and the societal good may be compromised. The study examines the implementation of a watershed project to learn how implementation strategies can be better devised to increase local compliance;The Little Sioux Watershed program in Western Iowa provides the empirical data for ...


A Park And Recreation Plan For The City Of Ames, Iowa, Jerome C. Miller Jan 1932

A Park And Recreation Plan For The City Of Ames, Iowa, Jerome C. Miller

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The following plans and report are intended to present a comprehensive system or recreational facilities which the city of Ames will find not only an inspiration in the future, but also an absolute necessity. Preparation now for future development of the city, in a systematic manner, will obviate the necessity of condemning valuable property at a later date, when costs may be prohibitive. Ames has, within or very near its present boundaries, many beautitul spots which, if left in the path of future growth, will be exploited and utterly ruined for public use. Ames has the unique position, in the ...