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History of Art, Architecture, and Archaeology

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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Reflections On The Red Sea Style: Beyond The Surface Of Coastal Architecture, Nancy Um Mar 2019

Reflections On The Red Sea Style: Beyond The Surface Of Coastal Architecture, Nancy Um

Nancy Um

In 1953, a British architect named Derek H. Matthews introduced the idea of “The Red Sea Style” in print, with a modest article of that title. Although brief and focused on a single site, this article proposed that the architecture around the rim of the Red Sea could be conceived of as a coherent and unified building category. Since then, those who have written about Red Sea port cities have generally accepted his suggestion of a shared architectural culture. Indeed, the houses of the region’s major ports, such as Suakin in modern-day Sudan, Massawa in Eritrea, Jidda and YanbuΚ ...


Spatial Negotiations In A Commercial City: The Red Sea Port Of Mocha, Yemen During The First Half Of The Eighteenth Century, Nancy Um Mar 2019

Spatial Negotiations In A Commercial City: The Red Sea Port Of Mocha, Yemen During The First Half Of The Eighteenth Century, Nancy Um

Nancy Um

The city of Mocha in Yemen was one of the most important Red Sea ports of the early modern Arab world, handling the trade of spices, textiles, metals, local aromatics and coffee beans. This essay examines the urban structures that governed the needs and practices of merchants in the city during the first half of the eighteenth century. Drawing on contemporary Arabic chronicles, archival European trade documents, historical photographs, and field work in the city, it documents the conspicuous absence of a network of public trade structures, like the urban khan, the expected locus for trade in an Arab city ...


“Mocha: Maritime Architecture On Yemen’S Red Sea Coast.” In ‘Architecture That Fills My Eye’: The Building Heritage Of Yemen. Exh. Cat. Ed. Trevor H.J. Marchand, 60-69. London: Gingko Library, 2017., Nancy Um Mar 2019

“Mocha: Maritime Architecture On Yemen’S Red Sea Coast.” In ‘Architecture That Fills My Eye’: The Building Heritage Of Yemen. Exh. Cat. Ed. Trevor H.J. Marchand, 60-69. London: Gingko Library, 2017., Nancy Um

Nancy Um

No abstract provided.


From The Port Of Mocha To The Eighteenth-Century Tomb Of Imam Al-Mahdi Muhammad In Al-Mawahib: Locating Architectural Icons And Migratory Craftsmen, Nancy Um Mar 2019

From The Port Of Mocha To The Eighteenth-Century Tomb Of Imam Al-Mahdi Muhammad In Al-Mawahib: Locating Architectural Icons And Migratory Craftsmen, Nancy Um

Nancy Um

This article introduces and analyzes the tomb of the Qāsimī Imām al-Mahdī Muhammad (r. 1686-1718) in the village of al-Mawāhib, northeast of Dhamār. Unlike many of the mosques and tombs associated with the other Zaydī imams of Yemen, al-Mahdī’s mausoleum has never been published, but merits close examination. While most historians consider his imamate to have been an era of both religious and political decline, this period was marked by increased cross-cultural interaction and artistic production. In particular, the tomb of al-Mahdī features unique decoration above its mihrāb and a remarkable wooden cenotaph. In order to explain the meaning ...


Greenlaw’S Suakin: The Limits Of Architectural Representation And The Continuing Lives Of Buildings In Coastal Sudan, Nancy Um Mar 2019

Greenlaw’S Suakin: The Limits Of Architectural Representation And The Continuing Lives Of Buildings In Coastal Sudan, Nancy Um

Nancy Um

Despite its ruined modern state, the coral-built architecture of the island city of Suakin on Sudan's Red Sea coast is well known to scholars of vernacular architecture. Its enduring reputation may be attributed to the copious documentation of its houses, mosques, and public buildings that appeared in the 1976 publication The Coral Buildings of Suakin by the artist Jean-Pierre Greenlaw. This paper considers the visual project of Greenlaw and its legacy, with a focus on the intertwined relationship between the processes of architectural documentation, the writing of architectural history, and the directives of preservation during the last years of ...


El Valle De Los Caídos: Spain’S Inability To Digest Its Historical Memory, Michael Heard Johnson Oct 2017

El Valle De Los Caídos: Spain’S Inability To Digest Its Historical Memory, Michael Heard Johnson

Michael C. Johnson

Senior Project submitted to The Division of Social Studies of Bard College.


A Period Examination Through Contemporary Energy Analysis Of Kevin Roche’S Fine Arts Center At University Of Massachusetts-Amherst, L Carl Fiocchi Jr May 2017

A Period Examination Through Contemporary Energy Analysis Of Kevin Roche’S Fine Arts Center At University Of Massachusetts-Amherst, L Carl Fiocchi Jr

L. Carl Fiocchi

Studies of buildings belonging to a subset of Modernist architecture, Brutalism, have included discussions pertaining to social and architectural history, critical reception, tectonic form and geometry inspirations, material property selections, period technology limitations, and migration of public perceptions. Evaluations of Brutalist buildings’ energy related performances have been restricted to anecdotal observations with particular focus on the building type’s poor thermal performance, a result of the preferred construction method, i.e. monolithic reinforced concrete used as structure, interior finish and exterior finish. A valid criticism, but one that served to dismiss discussion that the possibility of other positive design strategies ...


Hawley-Green Street National Register Historic District Boundary Expansion Syracuse Onondaga Co, Samuel D. Gruber Dr. Aug 2016

Hawley-Green Street National Register Historic District Boundary Expansion Syracuse Onondaga Co, Samuel D. Gruber Dr.

Samuel D. Gruber, Ph.D.

Provides a history and descriptive building list of the Hawley-Green Street neighborhood in Syracuse, NY and add over 100 properties ot the existing historic district established in 1979.


Architecture That Bows.Pdf, Andreas Luescher Dec 2015

Architecture That Bows.Pdf, Andreas Luescher

Andreas Luescher

This paper examines the museum dedicated to Pierre Soulages and its relationship with Soulages, the city of Rodez, the Forirail Garden (which is the site of the museum), and the ideas and practices realized by Catalan architects Rafael Aranda, Carme Pigem and Ramon Vilalta (RCR). The Musée Soulages is defined by the color black and the luminous fluidity of steel as designed by RCR Arquitectes; it is also aligned with an environmentalecology that literally and figuratively represents the town of Rodez with its Notre-Dame Cathedral. The central thesis is that the Musée Soulages inducts the visitor into a role ...


Stained Glass Windows Of Trinity Cathedral, Cleveland, Ohio, Produced By Wilbur H. Burnham Studios, Michael Tevesz Dec 2015

Stained Glass Windows Of Trinity Cathedral, Cleveland, Ohio, Produced By Wilbur H. Burnham Studios, Michael Tevesz

Michael J. Tevesz

Trinity Episcopal Cathedral has over forty large stained glass windows that range in age from the 15 to the 20th Century. The medieval windows were produced in England and Germany, while the more contemporary windows were produced by such prominent studios as those directed by Willet, Connick, Tiffany, Heaton, Young, and Burnham. The more contemporary windows are of considerable artistic and historical interest, but there is very little information available about them. This monograph specifically focuses on the windows of Trinity Cathedral produced by the Wilbur H. Burnham Studios. The Burnham Studios windows are the most accessible windows within the ...


Making Marfa: Technical Encumbrances And Creative Resistance In Donald Judd’S Ten(?) Concrete Buildings, Rob Whitehead Oct 2015

Making Marfa: Technical Encumbrances And Creative Resistance In Donald Judd’S Ten(?) Concrete Buildings, Rob Whitehead

Rob Whitehead

On an elevated plinth of west Texas prairie grass land, in a visually isolated corner of the Chinati Foundation grounds, sit two unfinished examples of Donald Judd’s final experiment in uniting art, architecture and nature. These imaginative and enigmatic concrete building shells have the same spare material expression, rigid proportioning system and the unnerving structural thinness that one would expect from Judd’s three-dimensional work. These buildings are part of a larger geometrically ordered complex of ten buildings designed specifically to house twelve works of art, unsurprisingly, also created by Donald Judd.


City Of Felt And Concrete: Negotiating Cultural Hybridity In Mongolia's Capital Of Ulaanbaatar, Joshua Hagen, Alexander Diener Jul 2015

City Of Felt And Concrete: Negotiating Cultural Hybridity In Mongolia's Capital Of Ulaanbaatar, Joshua Hagen, Alexander Diener

Joshua Hagen

Capital cities play an integral role in the construction of national identity. This is particularly true when the capital is the country's only major urban center. Over the course of its history, Mongolia's capital of Ulaanbaatar has been periodically reshaped to reflect competing trajectories of national culture. This article examines the evolving symbolism of architecture, urban design, and public space in Ulaanbaatar as a means of exploring Mongolia's complex negotiation between its traditional culture (mobile pastoralism and Shamanism/Buddhism), its socialist legacy, and globalization. Amidst the rampant social change of the last two decades, rather ambiguous national ...


From Socialist To Post-Socialist Cities: Narrating The Nation Through Urban Space, Joshua Hagen, Alexander Diener Jul 2015

From Socialist To Post-Socialist Cities: Narrating The Nation Through Urban Space, Joshua Hagen, Alexander Diener

Joshua Hagen

The development of post-socialist cities has emerged as a major field of study among critical theorists from across the social sciences. Originally constructed under the dictates of central planners and designed to serve the demands of command economies, post-socialist urban centers currently develop at the nexus of varied and often competing economic, cultural, and political forces. Among these, nationalist aspirations, previously simmering beneath the official rhetoric of communist fraternity and veneer of architectural conformity, have emerged as dominant factors shaping the urban landscape. This article examines patterns, processes, and practices concerning the cultural politics of architecture, urban planning, and identity ...


The Restoration Of The Roman Forum In Late Antiquity: Transforming Public Space, Gregor Kalas Dec 2014

The Restoration Of The Roman Forum In Late Antiquity: Transforming Public Space, Gregor Kalas

Gregor A. Kalas

This book examines architectural conservation during late antiquity at Rome's most important civic center: the Roman Forum. Throughout the fourth and fifth centuries CE—when Rome was undergoing transformational changes—elite citizens targeted restoration campaigns so as to infuse these repairs with political meaning. Since constructing new buildings was a right reserved for the emperors, Rome's upper echelon funded the upkeep of buildings together with sculptural displays to gain public status. Restorers linked themselves to the past through the fragmentary reuse of building materials and, as Gregor Kalas explores, proclaimed their importance through prominently inscribed statues and monuments ...


Heritage Places: Evolving Conceptions And Changing Forms, Neil A. Silberman Dec 2014

Heritage Places: Evolving Conceptions And Changing Forms, Neil A. Silberman

Neil A. Silberman

No abstract provided.


'Gardens Of Justice': Australian Feminist Law Journal, 2013, Volume 39, Matilda Arvidsson, Leila Brännström, Merima Bruncevic, Leif Dahlberg Jan 2014

'Gardens Of Justice': Australian Feminist Law Journal, 2013, Volume 39, Matilda Arvidsson, Leila Brännström, Merima Bruncevic, Leif Dahlberg

Dr Matilda Arvidsson

FOREWARD: GARDENS OF JUSTICE

Matilda Arvidsson, Merima Bruncevic, Leila Brannstrom, Leif Dahlberg

Our Gardens of Justice special themed issue of the Australian Feminist Law Journal grew out of the 2012 Critical Legal Conference in Stockholm and its theme of Gardens of Justice, a conference organised by Matilda Arvidsson, Merima Bruncevic, Leila Brannstrom and Leif Dahlberg. We issued a Call for Papers early in 2013 in which several conference theme questions were repeated. We called for papers devoted to thinking about law and justice as a physical as well as a social environment. The theme suggested a plurality of justice gardens ...


Micro-Architecture As A Spatial And Conceptual Frame In Byzantium: Canopies In The Monastery Of Hosios Loukas, Jelena Bogdanović Jan 2014

Micro-Architecture As A Spatial And Conceptual Frame In Byzantium: Canopies In The Monastery Of Hosios Loukas, Jelena Bogdanović

Jelena Bogdanović

The use of architecture as a visual and conceptual frame is well attested in medieval art. For example, in medieval illuminations, architectural frames are often used to separate images from the accompanying texts. Such architectural 140 frames signify potent transparent boundaries between the space of the beholder and the space of that which is seen and, therefore, define perceptible liminal spaces. Actual architectural frames and their role in defining sacred space, however, have been studied far less.


Of Earth, Fire, And Faith: Architectural Practice In The Fernandino Missions Of Alta California, 1769-1821, Rubén G. Mendoza, Jennifer Lucido Dec 2013

Of Earth, Fire, And Faith: Architectural Practice In The Fernandino Missions Of Alta California, 1769-1821, Rubén G. Mendoza, Jennifer Lucido

Jennifer Lucido

No abstract provided.


Of Earth, Fire, And Faith: Architectural Practice In The Fernandino Missions Of Alta California, 1769-1821, Rubén G. Mendoza, Jennifer A. Lucido Dec 2013

Of Earth, Fire, And Faith: Architectural Practice In The Fernandino Missions Of Alta California, 1769-1821, Rubén G. Mendoza, Jennifer A. Lucido

Rubén Mendoza

No abstract provided.


The Architecture Of Control: Shaker Dwelling Houses And The Reform Movement In Early-Nineteenth-Century America, Julie Nicoletta Feb 2013

The Architecture Of Control: Shaker Dwelling Houses And The Reform Movement In Early-Nineteenth-Century America, Julie Nicoletta

Julie Nicoletta

By comparing the development of Shaker dwelling houses with the Quaker-led reform of prisons and insane asylums during the Second Great Awakening, this article places Shaker architecture into a larger context of reform in early-nineteenth-century America. In it, I demonstrate how and why the Shakers incorporated ideas from the outside world and applied them to their own buildings as a means to shape and control behavior. An examination of specific structures and contemporary discourses on reform architecture reveals similarities between Shaker buildings and those of mainstream society. In all its villages, the sect reproduced architectural forms largely developed by Shaker ...


The Synagogues Of Piedmont, Samuel D. Gruber Jan 2013

The Synagogues Of Piedmont, Samuel D. Gruber

Samuel D. Gruber, Ph.D.

History and architecture of the synagogues of Piedmont, Italy.


Historic Jewish Sites In Romania, Samuel D. Gruber Jan 2013

Historic Jewish Sites In Romania, Samuel D. Gruber

Samuel D. Gruber, Ph.D.

2010 report from the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad on historic Jewish sites in Romania. Includes information on the history and current conditions of synagogues, cemeteries, and holocaust memorials.


Survey Of Historic Jewish Monuments In Poland, Revised Edition, Samuel D. Gruber, Phyllis Myers Jan 2013

Survey Of Historic Jewish Monuments In Poland, Revised Edition, Samuel D. Gruber, Phyllis Myers

Samuel D. Gruber, Ph.D.

1995 report to the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad on historic Jewish sites in Poland. Includes information on the history of Judaism in Poland, as well as the history and current conditions of synagogues and cemeteries.


Architecture And Elite Identity In Late Antique Rome: Appropriating The Past At Sant'andrea Catabarbara, Gregor Kalas Dec 2012

Architecture And Elite Identity In Late Antique Rome: Appropriating The Past At Sant'andrea Catabarbara, Gregor Kalas

Gregor A. Kalas

The conversion of the fourth-century basilica of Junius Bassus, a secular structure on an aristocratic estate, into the church of Sant’Andrea Catabarbara in Rome during the 470s invites a discussion of how architectural adaptation contributed to the identity of its restorer, Valila.


Mapping Jews: Cartography And Topography In Rome's Ghetto, Samuel D. Gruber Dr. Dec 2012

Mapping Jews: Cartography And Topography In Rome's Ghetto, Samuel D. Gruber Dr.

Samuel D. Gruber, Ph.D.

This paper examines how the Ghetto of Rome was represented in the many view-plans and maps of Rome from the 16th through 18th centuries, and how this mapping both tells us much about the physical appearance of the Ghetto and also how it was perceived by others in particular and presented to others more generally.


Rebuilding The Middle Ages After The Second World War: The Cultural Politics Of Reconstruction In Rothenburg Ob Der Tauber, Germany, Joshua Hagen Aug 2012

Rebuilding The Middle Ages After The Second World War: The Cultural Politics Of Reconstruction In Rothenburg Ob Der Tauber, Germany, Joshua Hagen

Joshua Hagen

Rothenburg ob der Tauber is one of Germany's most popular tourist destinations attracting over two and a half million visitors annually. Yet, many visitors do not realize that nearly half of Rothenburg's medieval architectural heritage was destroyed in 1945. Its reconstruction was characterized by complex negotiations and compromises as Rothenburgers attempted to balance contemporary preservation philosophies with the town's image as a national symbol and economic interests in a revived tourist trade. These diverse factors were generally complementary and resulted in a remarkably consistent and consensual effort, but the project was not without controversies and contradictions. This ...


Unearthing St. Augustine's Colonial Heritage: An Interactive Digital Collection For The Nation's Oldest City, Thomas R. Caswell Dec 2011

Unearthing St. Augustine's Colonial Heritage: An Interactive Digital Collection For The Nation's Oldest City, Thomas R. Caswell

Thomas Caswell

This $265,000 grant was awarded  by the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH). The grant, led by project director Thomas Caswell, established a specialized computer digitization lab at the Government House in St. Augustine, Florida to build an online collection of hidden and fragile resources related to colonial St. Augustine. This two-year project created an interactive digital collection consisting of over 19,000 maps, drawings, photographs and documents available freely online. Partnering with the UF Libraries to realize this project were the City of St. Augustine departments of Heritage Tourism and Archaeology Program, the St. Augustine Historical Society, the ...


Art-Itecture: Exploding The Boundaries Between Art And Architecture, Lauren Gallow Dec 2010

Art-Itecture: Exploding The Boundaries Between Art And Architecture, Lauren Gallow

Lauren L. Gallow

In his 1970 book Experimental Architecture, Archigram co-founder Peter Cook writes, “In this century there have been several occasions when science, technology and human emancipation have coincided in a way that has caused architecture to explode.” This image of an exploding architecture can be read in several ways: as a challenging of architecture’s disciplinary boundaries, as a new idea of architecture altogether, or as a building literally exploding into fragmented pieces because of its perceived obsolescence. No matter the specific interpretation, Cook’s statement captures a widespread yet often overlooked trend of the twentieth century wherein architects and artists ...


Jewish Historic Sites And Monuments In Bulgaria (Part 2), Samuel D. Gruber Dr. Dec 2010

Jewish Historic Sites And Monuments In Bulgaria (Part 2), Samuel D. Gruber Dr.

Samuel D. Gruber, Ph.D.

2011 published report of US Commission sponsored survey of Jewish synagogues, former synagogues and cemeteries in Bulgaria carried out in 2005 and 2006, with participation of members of the Jewish community of Bulgaria. The report PDF is in two parts.


Staging Nationalism At The Crystal Palace: Prince Albert's "Model Dwelling House", Lauren L. Gallow Dec 2010

Staging Nationalism At The Crystal Palace: Prince Albert's "Model Dwelling House", Lauren L. Gallow

Lauren L. Gallow

At the Great Exhibition of 1851 in London, British nationalism was staged both inside and outside the walls of the Crystal Palace. Inside, industrial products from around the world were put on display to celebrate the wonders of modern industry. Perhaps a more important purpose of the exhibition, however, was to establish British national pride through comparison to other nations. Britishness inside the Crystal Palace was defined by the nation’s primacy in industry—an identity that hinged on the exhibition of the commodity. Outside the Crystal Palace, a subset of this British identity was also being demonstrated. Near the ...