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Historic Preservation and Conservation

1997

Archaeology

Articles 1 - 26 of 26

Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Archaeology At The Alamodome: Investigations Of A San Antonio Neighborhood In Transition, Volume I: Historical, Architectural, And Oral History Research, Anne A. Fox, Marcie Renner, Robert J. Hard Jan 1997

Archaeology At The Alamodome: Investigations Of A San Antonio Neighborhood In Transition, Volume I: Historical, Architectural, And Oral History Research, Anne A. Fox, Marcie Renner, Robert J. Hard

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Because of the tremendous scope of the archaeological work and the associated analysis and write-up, the results of the Alamodome Project are presented in three volumes. This volume, the first of the series, contains the background research results, including chapters on the historical setting, the architecture present before demolition was begun, the oral history, a study of the African-American community, and a summary of the structural evolution of the area. Volume n contains a complete description of the archaeological excavations and a distributional analysis of the results. Included are numerous maps, drawings, and photographs of the work in progress. Volume ...


Test Excavations At The Spanish Governor's Palace, San Antonio, Texas, Anne A. Fox Jan 1997

Test Excavations At The Spanish Governor's Palace, San Antonio, Texas, Anne A. Fox

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Test excavations were carried out in October 1996 by the Center for Archaeological Research of The University of Texas at San Antonio in front of the Spanish Governor's Palace in Military Plaza in downtown San Antonio. Planned for the retrieval of information on the depth and present condition of the foundations of the building, the excavations also recovered important information on previous occupation of the site and construction methods used when the palace was built.


A Reevaluation Of A Lithic Procurement Site (41bx63) In Converse, Bexar County, Texas, Kevin J. Gross Jan 1997

A Reevaluation Of A Lithic Procurement Site (41bx63) In Converse, Bexar County, Texas, Kevin J. Gross

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

An archaeological survey of 35 acres in Converse, Texas, in northeastern Bexar County, relocated lithic site 4IBX63. Extensive shovel testing demonstrated that virtually no subsurface material was present. The surface site was collected and the chipped stone and raw material analyzed. The analysis suggests local chert cobbles were being selected for early and middle stages of tool manufacture at the site. A single diagnostic artifact, a Scallorn point, indicates that site use included the Late Prehistoric period.


Archaeological Investigations At The Landa Park Golf Course Pro Shop, New Braunfels, Comal County, Texas, John W. Arnn Iii Jan 1997

Archaeological Investigations At The Landa Park Golf Course Pro Shop, New Braunfels, Comal County, Texas, John W. Arnn Iii

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In December 1996, the Center for Archaeological Research of The University of Texas at San Antonio was contracted by the city of New Braunfels to conduct testing and monitoring to determine the impact of planned renovation on the cultural resources on the Landa Park Golf Course. The planned renovation called for extensive modifications and additions to the existing Pro Shop constructed by the WPA in the 1930s. Modifications and additions included subsurface excavations required for additional foundation footings and utility lines. Shovel testing was performed within the footprint of the proposed addition and utility trenching was monitored. Evaluation of the ...


Fire-Cracked Rock Use And Reuse In The Hueco Bolson, Fort Bliss, Texas, Cynthia L. Tennis, Johanna M. Hunziker, Jeff D. Leach Jan 1997

Fire-Cracked Rock Use And Reuse In The Hueco Bolson, Fort Bliss, Texas, Cynthia L. Tennis, Johanna M. Hunziker, Jeff D. Leach

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Center for Archaeological Research of The University of Texas at San Antonio conducted an analysis of 29,058 pieces of fire-cracked rock and burned caliche selected from a sample of hundreds of features tested as part of the Hueco Mountain Archaeological Project at Fort Bliss, Texas. Feature and non-feature material included in this analysis were collected from site FB 13237 located on the proximal fan, FB 12719 within the basin area, and FB 12412 situated in the transitional zone between the two.

The goal of the analysis was to identify patterns of attribute variability in burned rock that could ...


Archaeological Monitoring Of A Parking Lot Construction Project In New Braunfels, Comal County, Texas, John W. Arnn Iii Jan 1997

Archaeological Monitoring Of A Parking Lot Construction Project In New Braunfels, Comal County, Texas, John W. Arnn Iii

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In August 1996, the Center for Archaeological Research (CAR) of The University of Texas at San Antonio was contracted by the city of New Braunfels to conduct archaeological investigations prior to planned development of vacant city property. The plan called for the construction of a parking lot in close proximity to site 41 CM25, an Archaic-period cemetery. The investigation was to determine whether the proposed construction would impact site 41CM25 or other prehistoric and/or historic features. CAR staff conducted a pedestrian survey of the project area, shovel tested in the footprint of the proposed parking lot, and monitored tree ...


Archaeological Monitoring Of A Sidewalk Construction Project In Landa Park, New Braunfels, Comal County, Texas, John W. Arnn Iii Jan 1997

Archaeological Monitoring Of A Sidewalk Construction Project In Landa Park, New Braunfels, Comal County, Texas, John W. Arnn Iii

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In February 1996, the Center for Archaeological Research of The University of Texas at San Antonio conducted monitoring for the construction of a handicap ramp in Landa Park, New Braunfels, Comal County, Texas. The work-required by the Texas Historic Commission-was performed under contract with the city of New Braunfels Parks and Recreation Department. The excavation of the footings for the handicap ramp covered an area roughly 2 x 5 m and was less than 70 cm in depth. Over 2,600 prehistoric artifacts were uncovered including bone, fIre-cracked rock, mussel shell, numerous platform and nonplatform flakes, cores, unifaces, several bifaces ...


Archaeology At The Alamodome: Investigations Of A San Antonio Neighborhood In Transition, Volume Iii: Artifact And Special Studies, Anne A. Fox, Marcie Renner, Robert J. Hard Jan 1997

Archaeology At The Alamodome: Investigations Of A San Antonio Neighborhood In Transition, Volume Iii: Artifact And Special Studies, Anne A. Fox, Marcie Renner, Robert J. Hard

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

On March 15, 1990, the Center for Archaeological Research (CAR) of The University of Texas at San Antonio entered into a contract with the City of San Antonio's Multipurpose Domed Stadium Development Advisory Committee and Via Metropolitan Transit Authority to undertake cultural resource investigations of a 17-square-block (65 acre) area in downtown San Antonio, Texas (Figure F-l).

From mid-March to early July 1990, and periodically thereafter, intensive archival and historical research on the entire project area was carried out by CAR staff members. Architectural recording and assessment of all standing buildings was done by Andrew Perez and Associates. Thirteen ...


Archaeology At The Alamodome: Investigations Of A San Antonio Neighborhood In Transition, Volume Ii: Excavations And Artifact Distribution Analysis, Anne A. Fox, Marcie Renner, Robert J. Hard Jan 1997

Archaeology At The Alamodome: Investigations Of A San Antonio Neighborhood In Transition, Volume Ii: Excavations And Artifact Distribution Analysis, Anne A. Fox, Marcie Renner, Robert J. Hard

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Because of the tremendous scope of the archaeological work and the associated analysis and write-up, the results of the Alamodome Project are presented in three volumes. Volume I contains the background research results, including chapters on the historical setting, the architecture present before demolition began, the oral histories, a study of the black community, and a summary of the structural evolution of the area. This volume, the second of the series, contains a complete description of the archaeological excavations and a distributional analysis of the results, written by Kenneth Wright, the archaeologist in charge of the fieldwork. Also included in ...


Archaeological And Historical Investigations At The Alamo North Wall San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas, James E. Ivey, Anne A. Fox Jan 1997

Archaeological And Historical Investigations At The Alamo North Wall San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas, James E. Ivey, Anne A. Fox

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In March 1979, the Center for Archaeological Research of The University of Texas at San Antonio conducted test excavations in the vicinity of the north wall of the Alamo within the second patio. A great deal of information was recovered about all phases of the development of the site, from the early eighteenth century through the restoration period in the early twentieth century.

Information was recovered on the location and dimensions of defensive trenches and structures constructed in the north courtyard in preparation for the battles of late 1835 and March 1836. A human cranium recovered from the fill of ...


Final Report Of Significance Testing At Site 41ep880 On Artcraft Road El Paso County, Texas, Christine G. Ward, Barbara J. Hickman Jan 1997

Final Report Of Significance Testing At Site 41ep880 On Artcraft Road El Paso County, Texas, Christine G. Ward, Barbara J. Hickman

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Test excavations were undertaken at 41EP880 in northwest El Paso County, Texas in January of 1994 by archeologists from the Environmental Affairs Division of the Texas Department of Transportation. The site is located along the lower portion of an alluvial fan of the Franklin Mountains overlooking the Rio Grande Valley.

The project calls for an additional 18 m (60 ft.) of right-of-way in the vicinity of the archeological site, which extends both to the north and the south of the existing road. All additional right-of-way will be acquired from the northern side of Artcraft Road. Since the existing roadway cuts ...


Archeological Assessment Of Historic And Prehistoric Sites Alone U.S. 87 Sterling County, Texas, Nancy A. Kenmotsu, John W. Clark, Jr., Daymond Clark Jan 1997

Archeological Assessment Of Historic And Prehistoric Sites Alone U.S. 87 Sterling County, Texas, Nancy A. Kenmotsu, John W. Clark, Jr., Daymond Clark

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Archeological investigations were undertaken along U.S. 87 in Sterling County by archeologists from the Environmental Affairs Division of the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) with the assistance of TxDOT's San Angelo District Office. The effort included identification and assessment of cultural resources that would be impacted by the proposed widening of approximately three miles of U.S. 87 beginning 4.6 miles northwest of State Highway 163 in Sterling County (Figure 1). The investigations were carried out as part of TxDOT's efforts to identify historic and prehistoric properties eligible for the National Register of Historic Places (National ...


An Assessment Of Prehistoric Sites 41cp228 And 41cp229 Camp County, Texas, Glenn T. Goode Jan 1997

An Assessment Of Prehistoric Sites 41cp228 And 41cp229 Camp County, Texas, Glenn T. Goode

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The road along which sites 41CP228 and 229 occur is F.M. 1520 (Fig. 1 and Fig. 2), with the limits of improvements to it being from 0.8 mi. north of Loop 179 to 0.7 mi. north of Walkers Creek--a length of approximately 1.25 miles. This is a particularly dangerous stretch of roadway with curves at Walkers Creek and its tributary to the north. Along this stretch in recent years several people have died in automobile accidents, most recently during the course of the fieldwork in September, 1996. The proposed work will realign the roadway to eliminate ...


Archeological Testing Of Sites 41wb437 And 41wb438 Webb County, Texas, James T. Abbott Jan 1997

Archeological Testing Of Sites 41wb437 And 41wb438 Webb County, Texas, James T. Abbott

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Archeological sites 41WB437 and 41WB438 are two prehistoric sites situated on opposing terraces of San Idelfonso Creek at the crossing of U.S. Highway 83, approximately 7.5 km south of Laredo, Texas, and 0.6 km upstream from the confluence of the stream and the Rio Grande River. Site 41 WB438 is characterized by a relatively dense accumulation of lithic debris and occasional groundstone fragments scattered across a broad alluvial terrace on the south side of the stream. Site 41WB437 is characterized by a much sparser scatter of cultural material on the north terrace. Both sites, but in particular ...


Test Excavations At Prehistoric Site 41sm203, Smith County, Texas, Glenn T. Goode Jan 1997

Test Excavations At Prehistoric Site 41sm203, Smith County, Texas, Glenn T. Goode

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Site 41SM203 is a prehistoric campsite situated along the southwestern outskirts of the city of Tyler, Smith County, Texas. The site occupies the apex and lower slopes of a north-south trending ridge that runs for several miles. The lower part of the site lies relatively near springs located along the headwaters of Butler Creek. These springs or similar ones are thought to have been a major attraction of this locale, but significant cultural deposits were not found near them or in any part of the site subject to the investigation. The cultural materials that were found indicate sporadic and nonintensive ...


Significance Testing At Preshistoric Archeological Site 41rk195, Rusk County, Texas, Glenn T. Goode, Sterling Hays, Paul Maslyk, Christine G. Ward, Jesus Gonzalez Jan 1997

Significance Testing At Preshistoric Archeological Site 41rk195, Rusk County, Texas, Glenn T. Goode, Sterling Hays, Paul Maslyk, Christine G. Ward, Jesus Gonzalez

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In May 1994, the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) conducted extensive test excavations at archeological site 41RK195. Located in the path of proposed Loop 571 around Henderson, the site had already been seriously impacted by a sand quarrying operation. Lying atop a large hill near the confluence of Bromley Creek and Flanigan Branch, site 41RK195, now almost totally destroyed, is believed to have been a major site of the region. The small number of artifacts found, in addition to a few seen in private collections, indicates a long history of human habitation for this multicomponent site, including occupation of the ...


Archeological Testing Of 41km3 The Red Creek Site A Burned-Rock Midden Site Kimble County, Texas, Jerry Henderson Jan 1997

Archeological Testing Of 41km3 The Red Creek Site A Burned-Rock Midden Site Kimble County, Texas, Jerry Henderson

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In May and June of 1988, archaeological testing of Site 41KM3, the Red Creek Site, was conducted by the Texas Department of Transportation, at that time the State Department of Highways and Public Transportation (SDHPT), in preparation for the construction of FM 3480 in Kimble County. The Red Creek Site is a large, multiple midden site along the northern terrace of the Llano River near its confluence with Red Creek. Most of the site lay outside the right-of-way and testing was confined to the southern periphery of the site, along the terrace slope. Most of the materials recovered from this ...


Final Report Of Test Excavations Along Loop 375 South-Central El Paso County, Texas, Christine G. Ward, Barbara J. Hickman Jan 1997

Final Report Of Test Excavations Along Loop 375 South-Central El Paso County, Texas, Christine G. Ward, Barbara J. Hickman

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Archeologists from the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) conducted test excavations seven prehistoric archeological sites along Loop 375 in south-central El Paso County during December and January of 1995. Results of the test excavations indicate that the seven sites, namely, 41EP4847, 41EP4823, 41EP4819, 41EP4825, 41EP4826, 41EP4827, and 41EP4829 do not meet the established eligibility criteria for listing in the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP). This assessment is based on the observed absence of intact, non-redundant subsurface remains at the sites.


Archaeological Investigations At The Landa Park Golf Course, New Braunfels, Texas, John W. Arnn Iii, C. Britt Bousman Jan 1997

Archaeological Investigations At The Landa Park Golf Course, New Braunfels, Texas, John W. Arnn Iii, C. Britt Bousman

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In April 1996, the Center for Archaeological Research of The University of Texas at San Antonio was contracted by the city of New Braunfels to perform monitoring and testing to determine the impact of planned construction on cultural resources in Landa Park. The work was conducted under Texas Antiquities Permit No. 1682. The planned development called for the construction of a golf cart bam, and subsurface excavations for one electrical line and two waterlines to supply the bam with power and water. Shovel testing was performed on the proposed site of the golf cart bam and along transects for the ...


Archaeological Testing At Crook's Park In San Marcos, Hays County, Texas, Diane A. Cargill, Maureen Brown Jan 1997

Archaeological Testing At Crook's Park In San Marcos, Hays County, Texas, Diane A. Cargill, Maureen Brown

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Archaeological testing at site 41HY261 was conducted from March 26-31, 1997, by the Center for Archaeological Research (CAR) of The University of Texas at San Antonio, for the city of San Marcos Parks and Recreation Department. Testing demonstrates that 41HY261 contains deep, intact, stratified subsurface cultural deposits. Collectively, the artifacts recovered to date represent ca. 5,000 years of hunter-and-gatherer activity. Site 41HY261 has the potential to contribute significantly to the prehistory of the region, and is therefore recommended as eligible for nomination to the National Register of Historic Places.


Phase Ii Archaeological Investigations At Lackland Air Force Base, San Antonio, Texas, Brett A. Houk, David L. Nickels Jan 1997

Phase Ii Archaeological Investigations At Lackland Air Force Base, San Antonio, Texas, Brett A. Houk, David L. Nickels

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Center for Archaeological Research (CAR) of The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA) conducted significance testing at eight prehistoric archaeological sites at Lackland Air Force Base Medina Annex in Bexar County, Texas, for the Department ofthe Air Force under Sections 106 and 110 of the National Historic Preservation Act. The Air Force had selected two areas of Medina Annex for possible impact associated with the construction of on-base housing. Alternate 1, the Medina Annex Housing Area, includes sites 41 BXl 088, 41BX1090 and 41BXI091. Alternate 2, the Medina Dog Training Area, includes sites 4IBX1070, 41BXll02, 41 BXII 03 ...


Archaeological Testing Of The New Plaza At Mission San Francisco De La Espada (41bx4), San Antonio, Texas, Kevin J. Gross Jan 1997

Archaeological Testing Of The New Plaza At Mission San Francisco De La Espada (41bx4), San Antonio, Texas, Kevin J. Gross

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In October 1996, the Center for Archaeological Research (CAR) of The University of Texas at San Antonio completed archaeological investigations of the eastern portion of the interior compound of Mission San Francisco de la Espada. The archaeological testing was undertaken in advance of the construction of a movie set in the New Plaza of the mission. The staging involved setting up approximately 100 tents, using eight-inch stakes driven about six inches into the ground. Twenty-six shovel tests were excavated across the plaza to locate any culturally sensitive areas which might be affected by the movie set.

Pre-1780 material from the ...


Archaeological Investigations At Promontory Pointe At Stone Oak Ii, Bexar County, Texas, Owen A. Ford Jan 1997

Archaeological Investigations At Promontory Pointe At Stone Oak Ii, Bexar County, Texas, Owen A. Ford

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Center for Archaeological Research of The University of Texas at San Antonio conducted a pedestrian survey and subsurface testing for cultural resources at the proposed Promontory Pointe at Stone Oak II planned unit development, in northern Bexar County. The project was conducted under contract with Great America Companies on October 23 and 25, 1996. Upon completion of the survey and 11 subsurface tests, CAR determined that a light scatter of chipped stone debris was present, but no cultural resources would be impacted along the easements planned for trenching for sewer pipe installation.


Archaeological Survey Of Lackland Air Force Base, Bexar County, Texas, David L. Nickels, David W. Pease, C. Britt Bousman Jan 1997

Archaeological Survey Of Lackland Air Force Base, Bexar County, Texas, David L. Nickels, David W. Pease, C. Britt Bousman

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Center for Archaeological Research of The University of Texas at San Antonio conducted a pedestrian cultural resources survey on 3,860 acres of land at Lackland Air Force Base and Medina Base Annex in Bexar County, Texas. Base boundaries contain parts of three tributaries of the Medina River: Leon Creek, Medio Creek, and the upper reaches of Long Hollow. Limited surveys and shovel testing began in the spring of 1994 in areas slated for development. These were followed by a 100-percent-pedestrian survey with limited shovel testing of the remaining undisturbed and undeveloped areas during the fall of 1994 and ...


Hemisfair Park, San Antonio, Texas: An Archival Study For The Convention Center Expansion, Edgar D. Johnson, I. Waynne Cox, C. Britt Bousman Jan 1997

Hemisfair Park, San Antonio, Texas: An Archival Study For The Convention Center Expansion, Edgar D. Johnson, I. Waynne Cox, C. Britt Bousman

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In August and September 1996, the Center for Archaeological Research conducted archival research on the proposed Henry B. Gonzalez Convention Center Expansion in downtown San Antonio, Texas. This area, now in HemisFair Park, was once part of the agricultural fields for the Mission San Antonio de Valero (the Alamo). This report presents a general history of the area, a review of previous archaeological research in HemisFair Park, detailed archival research on nineteenth-century buildings known to be present in the construction area, and recommendations for further archaeological investigations in preparation for the construction of the Convention Center. Also, all known photographs ...


Historical And Archaeological Research Of The Hampton Inn Property In Downtown San Antonio, Marcie Renner Jan 1997

Historical And Archaeological Research Of The Hampton Inn Property In Downtown San Antonio, Marcie Renner

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Center for Archaeological Research of The University of Texas at San Antonio conducted a three-phase investigation of property belonging to Hampton Inns, Inc., in downtown San Antonio, Texas. The first phase, a study of archival records and previous investigations, undertaken in 1989, showed that portions of the Alamo Acequia Madre ran through the property. During Phase II, in 1990, CAR placed five backhoe trenches to assess the remains of the acequia. These investigations showed the acequia to have been disturbed by earlier installation of a storm drain. CAR archaeologists monitored construction activities during Phase III in early 1995. Although ...