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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Community Commons: An Analysis Of The Gullah Communities Of South Carolina, Elizabeth Brabec Jun 2013

Community Commons: An Analysis Of The Gullah Communities Of South Carolina, Elizabeth Brabec

Elizabeth Brabec

Descended from slaves brought to the southeast United States between the early 17th and mid 19th centuries, the Gullah-Geechee of South Carolina and Georgia in the United States, have developed distinctive, culturally-expressive creole communities. Juxtaposed against their ancestor’s plantation slave villages, present-day settlements reveal deliberate creations of community and strong connections to place. The Gullah concept of place and community also includes an understanding of the land as commons that is at odds with the dominant culture in the United States.Under slavery the Gullah lived in rigidly geometric settlements. Although this was the only settlement pattern the slaves ...


Locative Media As A Tool For Landscape Interpretation, Elizabeth Brabec Dec 2012

Locative Media As A Tool For Landscape Interpretation, Elizabeth Brabec

Elizabeth Brabec

New media in its various forms, including social networking, virtual reality, augmented or mixed reality, wikis, dynamic data, online communities and geo-tagging among others, have now been in use for more than a decade. While these various forms of new media hold tremendous opportunities for application to the interpretation of natural and cultural
landscapes to the public, those with particular promise are applications that link informational content to specific physical locations. These falls into two types: locative media and augmented reality.

The use and potential impacts of this technology, particularly with respect to diffuse resources such as heritage corridors and ...


Using Locative Media In Heritage Landscapes: A Review Of Current Practice, Elizabeth Brabec, Gordon Mclennan Jun 2012

Using Locative Media In Heritage Landscapes: A Review Of Current Practice, Elizabeth Brabec, Gordon Mclennan

Elizabeth Brabec

Locative media projects are beginning to be recognized in various arts and humanities disciplines as a portal through which interpretive information can be connected to location. Projects can be accessed from two different perspectives: in front of a computer screen or on the ground with the aid of a GPS enabled smart phone. In either format, content in the form of narrative, video, images, historic documents, etc., can be connected with a specific GPS point location on a map or on a real site. However, while locative media holds the potential to create a visitor experience without negatively impacting the ...


The Use Of Spatial And Mixed Methods In Analyzing Cultural Landscapes, Elizabeth Brabec, Chingwen Cheng, Kristina Molnarova Mar 2012

The Use Of Spatial And Mixed Methods In Analyzing Cultural Landscapes, Elizabeth Brabec, Chingwen Cheng, Kristina Molnarova

Elizabeth Brabec

The cultural landscape is a complex phenomenon resulting from both natural-geographical and social-cultural processes. Defining the normative patterns produced by each culture and/or historical period is essential to understanding the patterns and features of the anthropogenic landscape and the inherent meaning. Currently, an understanding of both historical and contemporary patterns is developed from the qualitative analysis of a single or small number of cases. Results obtained from a single or small number of cases are inherently limited in their ability to clearly identify the pattern in a complex system, particularly when a chosen case may present an anomaly rather ...


Identifying Cultural Attitudes And Values In Community Landscapes, Elizabeth Brabec May 2010

Identifying Cultural Attitudes And Values In Community Landscapes, Elizabeth Brabec

Elizabeth Brabec

Understanding culture and its attitudes and values towards space, place and nature is a critical aspect in determining appropriate approaches to a wide variety of planning actions. Actions such as gaining support for protected areas, designing new developments, and integrating tourism facilities in existing communities all depend on an understanding of cultural norms and values for their success. But understanding the relationship between cultural attitudes and culturally defined space can be difficult, falling prey to the observer’s own cultural norms and biases. This project uses a method based on individual interviews and expert observation of physical traces, to develop ...


Pluzina: The Issues Of Documenting A Vernacular Landscape, Elizabeth Brabec, Kristina Molnarova May 2010

Pluzina: The Issues Of Documenting A Vernacular Landscape, Elizabeth Brabec, Kristina Molnarova

Elizabeth Brabec

This paper studies the remnants of medieval pluzina, a historical Central European field pattern dating to the 13th or 14th century A.D. In medieval Czech, pluzina meant the crop fields, meadows, pastures and roads belonging to one village. Today, pluzinas are visible as patterns of long, narrow fields defined by hedgerows. Due to the hedgerows making the pattern visible, pluzinas are attractive parts of farming landscapes, similar to bocage landscapes found in Northern England, Scotland or Brittany. During the last 150 years, the majority of these landscape structures have vanished, owing either to the intensification of agriculture, or abandonment ...


Slave Landscapes Of The Carolina Low Country: What The Documents Reveal, Elizabeth Brabec Dec 2009

Slave Landscapes Of The Carolina Low Country: What The Documents Reveal, Elizabeth Brabec

Elizabeth Brabec

Although much has been written about slave life in the antebellum south, comparatively little is understood about the physical setting of slave communities and their day-to-day life. Due to the lack of written documentation and few sketches, paintings or other images, the documentation of the physical setting of slave life is more difficult to compile than that of the plantation owners or even indentured servants. By completing a structured analysis of existing documentary evidence for a specific region of the South, the low country of South Carolina, the myths and realities of slave life in this region can be clarified ...


Remnants Of Medieval Field Patterns In The Czech Republic: Analysis Of Driving Forces Behind Their Disappearance With Special Attention To The Role Of Hedgerows, Petr Sklenicka, Kristina Molnarova, Elizabeth Brabec, Peter Kumble, Blanka Pittnerova, Katerina Pixova, Miroslav Salek Dec 2008

Remnants Of Medieval Field Patterns In The Czech Republic: Analysis Of Driving Forces Behind Their Disappearance With Special Attention To The Role Of Hedgerows, Petr Sklenicka, Kristina Molnarova, Elizabeth Brabec, Peter Kumble, Blanka Pittnerova, Katerina Pixova, Miroslav Salek

Elizabeth Brabec

Remnants of medieval field patterns, called “pluzina” in the Czech Republic, are valuable historical landscapes, similar in character to the bocage landscapes typical for some countries in Western Europe. The original historical pattern of fields and meadows has persisted due to the stabilizing network of hedgerows. As in other countries, the development of these medieval fields in recent decades for intensive agriculture or residential purposes has led to their dramatic decline. This study evaluates the dynamics of the development of medieval pluzina hedgerows during the second half of the 20th century in the Plzen Region of the Czech Republic, using ...


A Clash Of Cultures: The Landscape Of The Sea Island Gullah, Elizabeth Brabec, Sharon Richardson Dec 2006

A Clash Of Cultures: The Landscape Of The Sea Island Gullah, Elizabeth Brabec, Sharon Richardson

Elizabeth Brabec

Home to the Gullah people, the Sea Islands in the Lowcountry of South Carolina and Georgia contain a culturally and ecologically distinct landscape. Descendents of plantation slaves brought to the United States between 1640 and 1850, the Gullah community has maintained a cultural identity that is reflected in a landscape pattern that is often at odds with dominant American culture. By analyzing the history of the development of Gullah culture, the genesis, contemporary meanings, and significance of the Gullah landscape pattern can be read. This article develops an understanding of the Gullah concepts of land ownership, place, community and proxemics ...


Landscape Change: The Influence Of External Cultural Forces, Elizabeth Brabec Jun 2004

Landscape Change: The Influence Of External Cultural Forces, Elizabeth Brabec

Elizabeth Brabec

In the cultural ‘melting pot’ of a world economy, traditional, culturally-defined landscapes are being modified under a myriad of international influences. In this context, it is often difficult to identify the landscape and design forms that are key to maintaining local identity and a sense of place. Identifying these forms is critical in the planning process, as local planners and decision-makers attempt to integrate new, globally-influenced development patterns in local communities and at the same time create spaces and places that will not destroy local values and associations. The landscapes, their vectors, and the changes they engendered, will be used ...


Meridian Hill Park: The Making Of An American Neoclassical Landscape, Elizabeth Brabec Jan 2002

Meridian Hill Park: The Making Of An American Neoclassical Landscape, Elizabeth Brabec

Elizabeth Brabec

The neoclassical design was the dominant design movement in landscape architecture at the turn of the last century, dictating the form and design of public parks for most of the first half of the twentieth century. Meridian Hill Park, located just north of the White ouse in Washington, DC, is considered the most ambitious neoclassical park ever conceived in the United States. The paper provides an overview of the design development of the park, illustrating how classical design precedents were used to create a contemporary neo-classical park.


Middleburg Plantation: A Cultural And Historical Investigation Into The Formal Gardens, Elizabeth Brabec, Mike Appel, Katie Davidson, Sarah Faiks, Bonnie Ion, Jarrett Kest, Geoff Lewis, Mimi Mather, Dave Pollock, Clea Rome Dec 2000

Middleburg Plantation: A Cultural And Historical Investigation Into The Formal Gardens, Elizabeth Brabec, Mike Appel, Katie Davidson, Sarah Faiks, Bonnie Ion, Jarrett Kest, Geoff Lewis, Mimi Mather, Dave Pollock, Clea Rome

Elizabeth Brabec

This report details the remaining remnanats of the formal garden at Middleburg Plantation, one of the oldest intact plantation sites in the lowcountry of South Carolina. In private hands, the plantation house grounds are well preserved. The report presents both the historical documents and references as well as the existing conditions and makes recommendations for stabilization of the historic landscape remnants.
This report was the result of a field studies class held at the University of Michigan, School of Natural Resources and the Environment, in Landscape Architecture. Led by Professor Brabec, the class travelled to the site for the week ...


The Economic Impact Of Historic Preservation Projects, Elizabeth Brabec Dec 1992

The Economic Impact Of Historic Preservation Projects, Elizabeth Brabec

Elizabeth Brabec

During the past 15 years, the conservation of historic resources has become a mainstay of planning and economic revitalization efforts in the United States. Fueled by historic preservation tax incentives and given increased visibility with the National Main Street Program, conservation efforts have spread from the protection of individual buildings to the protection of entire residential and commercial districts, battlefields and rural areas. However, as the focus of historic preservation has broadened, so too has the effect of conservation efforts broadened to include a wide array of private property rights and municipal budget issues.


Linking The Past To The Future: A Landscape Conservation Strategy For Waterford, Virginia, Elizabeth Brabec, Mary Ann Nabor, Harry L. Dodson Dec 1991

Linking The Past To The Future: A Landscape Conservation Strategy For Waterford, Virginia, Elizabeth Brabec, Mary Ann Nabor, Harry L. Dodson

Elizabeth Brabec

The report presents a planning strategy for protecting Waterford, an historic community located in Loudoun County, Virginia. The Waterford Historic District, including the village and surrounding farmland, was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1970. In 1986, the National Park Service determined that Waterford was threatened by proposed new construction on an historic farm almost directly in the center of the Landmark. The report identifies alternative development strategies that would protect the historic integrity of the village landscape. These strategies were intended to be used in negotiations with local landowners, as negotiated but voluntary land conservation strategies.