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Historic Preservation and Conservation

University of Pennsylvania

Architecture

Articles 1 - 5 of 5

Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Alternative Histories: A Temporal Approach To Public Housing, Dana Rice Jan 2016

Alternative Histories: A Temporal Approach To Public Housing, Dana Rice

Theses (Historic Preservation)

One of the most profound changes in the built environment is that of urban renewal projects from the mid twentieth century. In that name of progress many existing low income areas of cities were labeled “blighted” giving policy makers license to wipe clean and start anew. Many public housing projects were erected in this manner. This tabula rasa mentality is a-temporal and neglects the histories and people that existed there before, undermining the ongoing processes of building and rebuilding between people and place. In the case of the new transformation plan for the Sharswood neighborhood of North Philly, the Philadelphia ...


The Riddell Of Modern Architecture: Defining The Profession In The Mid-Nineteenth Century, Eryn Boyce Jan 2015

The Riddell Of Modern Architecture: Defining The Profession In The Mid-Nineteenth Century, Eryn Boyce

Theses (Historic Preservation)

When Philadelphia architect John Riddell published his pattern book Architectural Designs for Model Country Residences in 1861, American society was in the midst of a decades-long transformation. Industrialization caused rapid growth in America’s urban centers, raised the living standard and purchasing power of a large portion of the nation’s population, and encouraged the creation of separate pockets for business and industry in the urban environment. Against this background, builders, carpenters, and other professionals involved in the construction industry witnessed a push towards professionalization as those calling themselves “architects” sought to define their design work as a distinct profession ...


Preserving Ambiguity: Reconstructing The Floating Church Of The Redeemer, Ruth Marie Embry Jan 2014

Preserving Ambiguity: Reconstructing The Floating Church Of The Redeemer, Ruth Marie Embry

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Reconstructions are architectural undertakings; they are dependent on the establishment of a feasible construct through the design and interpretation of available information by an architect, yet they are discussed and evaluated based on the educational, social, and political motives and intents of the projects. Architecture, in both its technical and theoretical manifestations, is central to the success of any reconstruction and has the strongest impact on the effect the new construct will have on future interpretation. Preservation professionals and critics focus their writings on the educational and cultural heritage implications of the new building and assess its successes and failures ...


Specialization And Significance: An Assessment Of The Career And Works Of Minerva Parker Nichols, Margaret Lester Jan 2012

Specialization And Significance: An Assessment Of The Career And Works Of Minerva Parker Nichols, Margaret Lester

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Although her formal practice lasted just ten years and was concentrated in the Philadelphia area, architect Minerva Parker Nichols (1861—1949) serves as a focal point for a study of women and the built environment in late nineteenth-century America. As the first woman in the country to practice architecture independently, Nichols carved out a prominent place in the male‐dominated field of architecture—all while specializing (as she deemed it) in projects associated with female clients and uses. These themes in Nichols’ career make her an apt case study through which to examine questions of significance, contesting our presumptions about ...


Demolition Men: Contemporary Britain And The Battle Of Brutalism, Susannah L. Grossman Mar 2010

Demolition Men: Contemporary Britain And The Battle Of Brutalism, Susannah L. Grossman

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This thesis examines the contentious legacy of brutalist architecture in Britain. Once the lingua franca of post-war architecture in the UK--demonstrating the principles of modernism advocated by high-profile European architects like Le Corbusier as well as socialist ethics--brutalist architecture's legacy in Britain today is both reviled and revered. The paper, by surveying three major buildings that are classified as "brutalist": Alison and Peter Smithson's Hunstanton Secondary Modern School, Erno Goldfinger's Trellick Tower, and Denys Lasdun's National Theatre, intends to demonstrate the enduring importance of brutalist architecture in Britain. By examining the difference between architectural history and ...