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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Imaging Place: Interpreting Place Identity Through Consumer Marketing Techniques For Non-Profit, Community Development And Business Improvement Organizations, Audrey Rose Von Ahrens Jan 2016

Imaging Place: Interpreting Place Identity Through Consumer Marketing Techniques For Non-Profit, Community Development And Business Improvement Organizations, Audrey Rose Von Ahrens

Theses (Historic Preservation)

There is significant potential to further capitalize on the use of graphic images to elicit memory, fortify sense of place and communicate preservation values as a tool for neighborhood revitalization and economic development. This thesis paper researches how designed branding strategies and visual communications have been used by place-based, community and business development organization as a consumer marketing tool. By compiling graphic examples from the current brand campaigns of these organizations, a descriptive analysis informs trends and identifies the current preservation theories and values being followed. Interviews allow this thesis to study the thought-process behind the branding strategies and why ...


Evaluation Of The Effects Of Bottom-Up Management In Preserving Values Of Historic Hutong Neighborhood In Beijing: A Case Study Of Community-Based Organization (Cbo) - Shijia Hutong Historic Preservation Society, Haoyu Wang Jan 2016

Evaluation Of The Effects Of Bottom-Up Management In Preserving Values Of Historic Hutong Neighborhood In Beijing: A Case Study Of Community-Based Organization (Cbo) - Shijia Hutong Historic Preservation Society, Haoyu Wang

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Preservation of traditional urban neighborhoods in China has long been a government-oriented process. In particular, since the “Old and Dilapidated Housing Renewal Program” implementation in the late 1990s, the Beijing Hutong neighborhood renewal has become an important trigger for the municipal governments to engage with the real estate market. Yet over the years, the official forces have been facing increasing challenges in the development of politics, socio-culture, and economy. As a complement to the current top-down management, the bottom-up approach could improve the recognition of a holistic spectrum of site values in the fast changing environments. However, the lack of ...


Policy Evaluation And Recommendation For Preserving Residential Compounds In Beijing: A Process-Oriented Approach, Yimei Zhang Jan 2016

Policy Evaluation And Recommendation For Preserving Residential Compounds In Beijing: A Process-Oriented Approach, Yimei Zhang

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Between 1949 and 1958, a large number of residential compounds were built in Beijing to house the growing population in the capital city of the newly founded People’s Republic. They were planned as self-sufficient residential components of “work-units”, and usually consisted of groupings of three to five-story buildings with various amenities and institutions. The construction of these neighborhoods profoundly shaped the city’s landscape. Since the reform of the "work-unit" system and the opening of the housing market in the late 1990s, residential compounds gradually declined and are now threatened of demolition under the city's redevelopment projects.

The ...


From Philadelphia Country House To City Recreation Center: Uncovering The Architectural History Of The Building Known Successively As Blockley Retreat, Kirkbride Mansion, And Lee Cultural Center Through Building Archaeology, Joseph C. Mester Jan 2016

From Philadelphia Country House To City Recreation Center: Uncovering The Architectural History Of The Building Known Successively As Blockley Retreat, Kirkbride Mansion, And Lee Cultural Center Through Building Archaeology, Joseph C. Mester

Theses (Historic Preservation)

In this thesis, I analyze the Federal style country house, initiated in 1794, that stands today near the corner of 44th Street and Haverford Avenue in West Philadelphia. As it aged, the owners and occupants slowly transformed the country house from a private “country seat” to a public recreation center in the midst of a dense urban neighborhood. I examine the house and its additions, known collectively today as the Lee Cultural Center, through both documentary and material evidence. This building-archaeological approach studies building materials, finishes, and construction technology in order to date and interpret the construction, alteration, use, and ...


A Voice For Public Memory: A Comparison Between The Memorial Practices In India And The United States Of America To Propose A Suitable Response To The 26/11 Attacks In Mumbai, Sanjana Sanjay Muthe Jan 2016

A Voice For Public Memory: A Comparison Between The Memorial Practices In India And The United States Of America To Propose A Suitable Response To The 26/11 Attacks In Mumbai, Sanjana Sanjay Muthe

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis compares the memorial culture and practices in India and the United States. Based on the observation that memorial construction is not a popular culture in India, the thesis first studies the memorial history of India to establish that the country has had a rich tradition of memorialization. Through the research of the subjects of memorialization, their commissioners and the role of memorials in Indian communities, the thesis draws inferences on why memorialization is not currently popular culture in India. The thesis further compares these inferences to the history and current culture of memorials in America to conclude on ...


Alternative Histories: A Temporal Approach To Public Housing, Dana Rice Jan 2016

Alternative Histories: A Temporal Approach To Public Housing, Dana Rice

Theses (Historic Preservation)

One of the most profound changes in the built environment is that of urban renewal projects from the mid twentieth century. In that name of progress many existing low income areas of cities were labeled “blighted” giving policy makers license to wipe clean and start anew. Many public housing projects were erected in this manner. This tabula rasa mentality is a-temporal and neglects the histories and people that existed there before, undermining the ongoing processes of building and rebuilding between people and place. In the case of the new transformation plan for the Sharswood neighborhood of North Philly, the Philadelphia ...


Certifying Preservation: How Preservation Can Introduce Social Sustainability To Building Certification Programs, Andrea Kathryn Haley Jan 2016

Certifying Preservation: How Preservation Can Introduce Social Sustainability To Building Certification Programs, Andrea Kathryn Haley

Theses (Historic Preservation)

When sustainability is discussed in the built environment it is often limited to environmental sustainability, however, there are many other values that should be considered. The field of historic preservation offers ways to incorporate social and cultural sustainability into the built fabric of cities and communities, but is often misrepresented or viewed as a niche field. This thesis explored how historic preservation can learn from the ‘green building’ movement which has risen to prominence to become a large part of the building culture in a relatively short period of time.

One of the most well-known tools is the USGBC’s ...


Lots Of Potential: Strengthening The Philadelphia Land Bank With Preservation, Mary Amelia Lambert Jan 2016

Lots Of Potential: Strengthening The Philadelphia Land Bank With Preservation, Mary Amelia Lambert

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Prolific vacancy in Philadelphia’s built environment is a major challenge as the city enjoys a resurgence in population and development. The creation of the Philadelphia Land Bank is widely seen as a necessary and useful tool to address the productive reuse of vacant properties. Preservation, however, is not a component of the land bank’s policies and procedures. This thesis asserts that the goals of the land bank are actually well aligned with those of preservation. It is an assertion that the inclusion of a preservation ethos along with specific policy measures would strengthen the activities of the Philadelphia ...


Recapturing The Breeze: Computational Simulation Of Natural Ventilation In A Raised Creole Cottage, Evan Oskierko-Jeznacki Jan 2016

Recapturing The Breeze: Computational Simulation Of Natural Ventilation In A Raised Creole Cottage, Evan Oskierko-Jeznacki

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This research investigates the environmental behavior of naturally ventilated historic, vernacular architecture in hot-humid climates using a computational simulation and analysis methodology to better understand the role of historic adaptive comfort strategies within the contemporary context of sustainable and energy efficient preservation design. The Pitot House, a raised Creole cottage, located in New Orleans, LA that has been heavily modified from its original environmental configuration will be studied in depth to highlight the importance of this approach in its ability to recreate historic configurations, visualize past levels of human thermal comfort, and use this information to make informed, sustainable decisions ...


Heritage Adrift: Designing For North Brother Island In The Face Of Climate Change, Angelina R. Jones Jan 2016

Heritage Adrift: Designing For North Brother Island In The Face Of Climate Change, Angelina R. Jones

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The smaller islands of the archipelago of New York City (NYC) have built heritage that reflects the history of quarantining undesirable and vulnerable populations in institutions such as hospitals, asylums, and prisons. North Brother Island (NBI) in the East River is one such place, home to Riverside Hospital and other institutions from 1885-1963. The NYC archipelago is vulnerable to multiple effects of climate change including sea-level rise, shoreline erosion, increased flooding, and storm surge. In order to confront the dangers that climate change presents to the built heritage on NBI, a hybrid approach of preservation interventions and landscape architecture strategies ...


Ever Since The Fire Went Out: A Long View Of The Deterioration Of The Coplay Kilns At Saylor Park, Preston Stanley Hull Jan 2016

Ever Since The Fire Went Out: A Long View Of The Deterioration Of The Coplay Kilns At Saylor Park, Preston Stanley Hull

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The Coplay Cement Company Kilns are monuments to the Lehigh Valley’s role as the birthplace of the U.S. cement industry. Coplay Cement was founded by David O. Saylor, the man who first proved that modern, “portland” cement could be successfully manufactured in the United States instead of imported from Europe. The nine kilns, now standing in the middle of a community park, were once part of an entire complex of cement plants along the Lehigh River. Today, the kiln complex—an important symbol to the tiny borough of Coplay—is deteriorating dramatically. In particular, several large brick “blowouts ...


The Schoolhouse Problem: New Solutions For Preserving Historic And Obsolete Buildings In Rural New Hampshire, Andrew Cushing Jan 2016

The Schoolhouse Problem: New Solutions For Preserving Historic And Obsolete Buildings In Rural New Hampshire, Andrew Cushing

Theses (Historic Preservation)

What options exist for public or nonprofit stewards of historic buildings in rural New Hampshire to re-use their properties for purposes other than museums? Over 200 historical societies exist in the Granite State, and of those, more than 40 own or manage multiple properties. These buildings – often schoolhouses, Grange halls, churches, etc. – are seldom open to the public and can be burdensome for volunteer-based organizations like historical societies that operate on small budgets. This thesis examined alternative solutions in rural communities, solutions that return a building to usefulness without compromising character-defining features. Case studies derived from conversations with various rural ...


Performance Evaluation Of Uv Inhibiting Acrylic Resin Coated Glass With Modern And Historic Glazing Systems, Janelle Elyse Sahutski Jan 2016

Performance Evaluation Of Uv Inhibiting Acrylic Resin Coated Glass With Modern And Historic Glazing Systems, Janelle Elyse Sahutski

Theses (Historic Preservation)

UV radiation is the single largest contributing factor in fading of interiors including fabric, carpets and other furnishings, and accounts for approximately 40% of all fading damage. Thus, photodegradation must be arrested to maintain the integrity of historic materials and finishes. The n-butyl acrylate methyl methacrylate copolymer emulsion with hindered amine light stabilizers (HALS) and ultraviolet light absorber (UVA), GOLDEN MSA, which is tested here is marketed as an art varnish compatible with various types of paint. Brush and spray applied to modern and historic glass, the coating was weathered in a controlled lab setting on mock-up windows in a ...


Performance Evaluation Of Commercial Nanolime As A Consolidant For Friable Lime Based Plaster, Jean Jang Jan 2016

Performance Evaluation Of Commercial Nanolime As A Consolidant For Friable Lime Based Plaster, Jean Jang

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis focuses on the performance evaluation of commercial nanolime as a consolidant for friable historic lime based plaster such as found at Mission San Jose de Tumacácori, a Spanish Colonial mission site near Tucson, Arizona. The church’s façade was originally finished with a polychromatic painted on fired brick and adobe. Though generally stable over time, the exterior plaster at Tumacácori became friable and detached after repeated weathering cycles of high diurnal temperature swings and precipitation concentration during monsoon season in the summer. As friable stucco is vulnerable to loss, consolidation should be considered a first priority in the ...


Recreating Acid Stains On Historic Concrete, Alice Louise Gilmore Jan 2016

Recreating Acid Stains On Historic Concrete, Alice Louise Gilmore

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis examines the feasibility of retreating the concrete at Jackson Lake Lodge with acid-based stains. The surface treatment at Jackson Lake Lodge is an unusual form of board finished or “fair-face” concrete. The building was cast with sand-blasted, plywood-formwork, which imprinted the concrete with a very pronounced wood-grain texture. The concrete was then finished with three different colors of acid stain – tan, brown and black, which created a translucent, variegated finish that closely resembled redwood. The first phase of testing, which is the focus of this thesis aims to analyze and characterize the original acid stains, to accurately recreate ...


Reimagining A Past Reality: Tactical Design Interventions For Historic Sites, Julia D. Griffith Jan 2016

Reimagining A Past Reality: Tactical Design Interventions For Historic Sites, Julia D. Griffith

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Interpretation is communication at its most basic essence. As a tool for historic sites and house museums, this focused and message-driven communication is both necessary and refined, and as unique as each particular site. For many the lost historic material, be it at the building or landscape scale, is vital to convey the type of physical experience which helps visitors make important connections. Reconstruction, especially to the NPS standard, is unfortunately both expensive and time consuming and the increased competition for grant funding has put it out of reach for most sites. This thesis examines the idea of applying a ...


An Evaluation Of Laser Ablation Cleaning On Surficial Black Crust On Pennsylvania Marble: A Case Study Of The Hood Cemetery Gate, Germantown, Philadelphia, Pa, Xinhui Yang Jan 2016

An Evaluation Of Laser Ablation Cleaning On Surficial Black Crust On Pennsylvania Marble: A Case Study Of The Hood Cemetery Gate, Germantown, Philadelphia, Pa, Xinhui Yang

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Black crust, or gypsum crust, is a surficial accumulation of atmospheric deposits in a gypsum matrix, which is often firmly bonded to the substrate. This condition is ubiquitous on marble buildings, not only threatening the historic fabric, but also leading to aesthetic damage. Laser ablation cleaning has become a popular method to remove black crust from masonry surface. This study focuses on the evaluation of laser ablation cleaning on the Pennsylvania marble of the Hood Cemetery Gate, which locates in Germantown, Philadelphia, PA. In advance of cleaning, the marble and the black crust was characterized through petrographic thin-sections, X-Ray Diffraction ...


Analysis Of Historic Paints On Woodwork At Andalusia Mansion - Understanding The Period Of Benjamin Latrobe And Thomas Walter, Shuang Wu Jan 2016

Analysis Of Historic Paints On Woodwork At Andalusia Mansion - Understanding The Period Of Benjamin Latrobe And Thomas Walter, Shuang Wu

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This study of architectural finishes is intended to substantiate evidence of physical and material changes to the building by way of paint evidence. It augments existing research, including the recently published 2014 Andalusia Big House Historic Structure Report and the 2014 report on the doors styles of the house by students in the Graduate Program in Historic Preservation at the University of Pennsylvania, both of which raised questions concerning the evolution and changes in appearance of the building. With the intention of shedding light on changes to the door arrangement, this study specifically examines and compares finishes in the central ...


Performance-Based Evaluation Of Salt Crystallization Inhibitors As A Means To Mitigate Salt Damage In Terracotta, Casey Alane Weisdock Jan 2016

Performance-Based Evaluation Of Salt Crystallization Inhibitors As A Means To Mitigate Salt Damage In Terracotta, Casey Alane Weisdock

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The impetus for this research was the need for a conservation treatment of salt-laden terracotta inside kiln #8 at Western Clay Manufacturing Co.- a historic brickyard in Helena, Montana. Western Clay stands as an example of how traditional methods of mitigating salt damage, like water-immersion and poulticing, are not possible or effective in certain circumstances. Therefore, the focus of this study was to investigate salt crystallization inhibitors as an alternative method to mitigate salt damage in terracotta. Salt damage is one of the most common mechanisms of deterioration in building materials, which makes the results of this research widely applicable ...


Architectural Precast Concrete Wall Panels: Their Technological Evolution, Significance, And Preservation, Grace Meloy Jan 2016

Architectural Precast Concrete Wall Panels: Their Technological Evolution, Significance, And Preservation, Grace Meloy

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Architectural precast concrete wall panels played an important role in mid-twentieth century architecture by providing a concrete technology that could be applied to the curtain wall system of construction utilized in this time period. Moreover, the precasting process, which enabled the controlled production of expressive facing concrete mixes and surface treatments and finishes, made this a concrete technology that could contribute to the architectural expression of the building. To promote the preservation of these panels, this thesis investigates and illuminates their historical and architectural significance in the United States in the mid-twentieth century.

There are, however, numerous technical challenges to ...


A House Fit For A Bee: Historic Apiary Typologies And Technologies, Sonja Jean Lengel Jan 2016

A House Fit For A Bee: Historic Apiary Typologies And Technologies, Sonja Jean Lengel

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis defined historic apiary typologies and technologies including: bee houses and honey houses, bee shelters, stands, and hives. Because of a strong beekeeping tradition in Philadelphia and its influential role in the advancement of apiculture, this paper researched apiary typologies beginning in Philadelphia and its region. The Rev. L.L. Langstroth, a Philadelphian, experimented with beekeeping methods and technologies, inventing the moveable-frame hive in 1851, which would later make the bee house and other forms of protection unnecessary. Bee manual authors provided various structural forms to protect the hives, produce valuable honey, and aid the beekeeping process. These vernacular ...


“Doin’ It Up Right”: Safeguarding The African-American Burial Landscape Through The Lens Of Eden Cemetery, Charlette Caldwell Jan 2016

“Doin’ It Up Right”: Safeguarding The African-American Burial Landscape Through The Lens Of Eden Cemetery, Charlette Caldwell

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis involved researching the significance of African-American burial sites, how and why they were and continue to be created. The legacy of these types correlate to the formation of Eden Cemetery. I researched existing scholarship on the subject of African-American burial sites, cultural factors driving these types, and the history of Eden Cemetery to gain insight into the history of the black community’s responses to burial site relocation in Philadelphia. I discovered that Eden derives its significance from being the only available place for condemned black sites in Philadelphia in the beginning of the twentieth century due to ...


Henry H. Houston's Germantown Development Portfolio, 1860-1895: A Niche Suburb's History And Placement Within Suburban Historiography And Preservation Planning, Joshua Bevan Jan 2016

Henry H. Houston's Germantown Development Portfolio, 1860-1895: A Niche Suburb's History And Placement Within Suburban Historiography And Preservation Planning, Joshua Bevan

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Over the course of 25 years, Pennsylvania Railroad Company executive and land developer, Henry H. Houston, amassed a real estate portfolio spanning 3,000-plus acres in northwestern Philadelphia. Houston’s holdings in Germantown, an emerging Philadelphia suburb during the mid-Nineteenth century, have been overshadowed in terms of scholarly research by Houston’s large-scale community development in neighboring Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia. Accordingly, this thesis aims to uncover a comprehensive development narrative for Houston’s Germantown development, connecting land holdings, associated dwellings, architectural character, and social history together in order to determine if Houston’s role in Germantown was simply a precursor ...