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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Perpetual Care: A Sustainable Approach To Restoring The Lost Landscapes Of America's Rural Cemeteries, Benjamin Gilbert Buckley Jan 2013

Perpetual Care: A Sustainable Approach To Restoring The Lost Landscapes Of America's Rural Cemeteries, Benjamin Gilbert Buckley

Theses (Historic Preservation)

During the mid 19th century burial practices in America evolved drastically with the creation of “rural” cemeteries. These burial grounds became incredibly popular didactic landscapes that were physical manifestations of contemporary Victorian social forces. Many of these historic landscapes are in need of conservation and restoration in order to preserve what remains. This thesis project lays out the significance of these sites, and provides a guide to restoring the character defining features of these cemeteries.


Assessment And Evaluation Of Consolidation Methods On Serpentine Stone At The 19th Street Baptist Church, Philadelphia, Pa, Kathryn Elizabeth Brown Jan 2013

Assessment And Evaluation Of Consolidation Methods On Serpentine Stone At The 19th Street Baptist Church, Philadelphia, Pa, Kathryn Elizabeth Brown

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Serpentine (serpentinite) is a notably unique building stone from Chester County, Pennsylvania that enjoyed regional building popularity in and around Philadelphia, New York, Washington, and Baltimore. A hydrous magnesium silicate metamorphic rock, its unusual green color and luster expanded the Victorian palette and love of polychromatic masonry popular during the last quarter of the nineteenth century. However, its generally poor weatherability in the city environment and discontinued availability now argue for greater study of its conservation possibilities. This research examines the composition and performance of weathered serpentine at the 19th Street Baptist Church in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to determine the possible ...


A Program For The Conservation, Interpretation, And Reuse Of Downdraft Kilns At The Western Clay Manufacturing Company Of Helena, Montana, Brett Cameron Phelps Sturm Jan 2013

A Program For The Conservation, Interpretation, And Reuse Of Downdraft Kilns At The Western Clay Manufacturing Company Of Helena, Montana, Brett Cameron Phelps Sturm

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This is the second thesis generated by a collaborative effort between the Montana Preservation Alliance, the Archie Bray Foundation for the Ceramic Arts, and the University of Pennsylvania's Master's Program in Historic Preservation to research, document, and conserve architectural components of the former Western Clay Manufacturing Company of Helena, Montana. This project's focus is the complex of five downdraft brick kilns and sheds (built between 1905 and 1922), which drove production at Western Clay until at least 1957 and now constitutes an iconic backdrop for the Archie Bray Foundation, one of the country's foremost centers for ...


Terminology, Technology And Design Intent Of 20th Century Architectural Lighting And Establishing Criteria For Guidelines For Its Preservation, Alison Joanna Garcia Kellar Jan 2013

Terminology, Technology And Design Intent Of 20th Century Architectural Lighting And Establishing Criteria For Guidelines For Its Preservation, Alison Joanna Garcia Kellar

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The advent of advanced electrical technology by the mid 20th allowed for an architectural fusion with what was once a secondary consideration for builders, ultimately culminating in lighting design as a profession. The development of electric light, and later, lighting design in America had many influences which drew from the realms of architectural design, engineering and the theatre and performing arts. The selected case studies characterize the overall progression occurring in the realm of integrated architectural lighting, as the architects utilized electric light as a building material. With a case study from the 1930s, one from the 1940s and one ...


The Social Effects Of Preservation: Social Wellbeing And The Federal Rehabilitation Tax Credit Program In Philadelphia, Ellis Miller Mumford Jan 2013

The Social Effects Of Preservation: Social Wellbeing And The Federal Rehabilitation Tax Credit Program In Philadelphia, Ellis Miller Mumford

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis was intended to begin to fill in a gap in preservation literature by beginning research in Philadelphia and evaluating how, if at all, historic preservation affects social wellbeing. By considering tax credit investment alongside various statistical measures of social wellbeing in Philadelphia census block groups, this study tested some hypotheses about the power of preservation in community revitalization. The primary hypothesis tested is that historic preservation activity improves social wellbeing in Philadelphia. More specific hypotheses include:

  • Historic preservation improves the physical appearance of neighborhoods.
  • Historic preservation reduces crime, especially building-specific crime such as arson and graffiti.
  • Historic preservation ...


Placing Color: Architectural Color & Facade Improvement Programs In Commercial Corridor Revitalization In Philadelphia, Erica Janine Maust Jan 2013

Placing Color: Architectural Color & Facade Improvement Programs In Commercial Corridor Revitalization In Philadelphia, Erica Janine Maust

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Exterior changes to existing and historic buildings in depressed historic areas signify financial investment and change, and have the potential to play a significant role in both urban preservation and revitalization. Changes to exterior architectural colors are perhaps the most visible signifier of such revitalization, as the use of color changes as a tool in façade improvement programs nationwide demonstrates. As part of façade improvement programs, changes to the exteriors of existing buildings in historic cities are most often a visual indication of adaptive reuse. Urban façade improvement programs that are dedicated to commercial corridor revitalization provide a variety of ...


An Evaluation Of Contemporary Community Preservation Education In The U.S. And Recommendations For Strengthening Practices, Alyssa Margaret Lozupone Jan 2013

An Evaluation Of Contemporary Community Preservation Education In The U.S. And Recommendations For Strengthening Practices, Alyssa Margaret Lozupone

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Community preservation education is a powerful tool for exciting and empowering the public to become motivators and facilitators of preservation within their communities. Such non-formal education is geared towards a general audience and aims to foster greater knowledge, appreciation and involvement within the public. While community preservation education is embedded within modern preservation theory, policy and practice, it is also considered to be amongst the field’s primary weaknesses. Despite such criticism there have been no efforts to critically evaluate current education efforts and identify ways in which they can be improved. This thesis endeavors to instigate such a dialogue ...


Analysis Of Original Finishes Of Jules Bouy's 1930 Interior For The Cosmopolitan Club Of Philadelphia, Elizabeth Natalie Lissy Jan 2013

Analysis Of Original Finishes Of Jules Bouy's 1930 Interior For The Cosmopolitan Club Of Philadelphia, Elizabeth Natalie Lissy

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This research looks at the original finishes of the interior of the Cosmopolitan Club of Philadelphia, an important interior of the Modern age designed in 1930 by interior decorator Jules Bouy. Although the building design has been extensively researched in a 2012 Thesis in Historic Preservation by Sarah Peterson, the interior finishes are not well understood. This research augments Peterson’s study by determining color palettes, painting techniques, and paint types of four of the most important rooms of the Club: the Entry, the Lounge, the Library and the Stair Hall. Relying primarily on the microscopic study of paint cross ...


Buried With Tiffany: A Conservation Plan For The Tiffany Glass Mosaics Of The Harris C. Fahnestock Mausoleum At The Woodlawn Cemetery In The Bronx, New York, Alexandra Elizabeth Kress Jan 2013

Buried With Tiffany: A Conservation Plan For The Tiffany Glass Mosaics Of The Harris C. Fahnestock Mausoleum At The Woodlawn Cemetery In The Bronx, New York, Alexandra Elizabeth Kress

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis examines the interior glass mosaics of the Harris C. Fahnestock mausoleum within The Woodlawn Cemetery in the Bronx, New York. A conservation plan was developed to preserve the only complete mosaic interior by Louis Comfort Tiffany at The Woodlawn Cemetery. This particular design is one of Tiffany’s earliest ecclesiastical commissions and contains a rare example of a domed mosaic interior. A comprehensive evaluation of exterior envelope defined the interior mosaic deterioration. Material analysis was performed on sections of the mosaic composition. Recommendations are made for a conservation plan to prevent further deterioration of this significant mortuary decorative ...


Saving Each Other: Using Historic Preservation As A Tool For Therapeutic City Planning, Elizabeth Rose Hessmiller Jan 2013

Saving Each Other: Using Historic Preservation As A Tool For Therapeutic City Planning, Elizabeth Rose Hessmiller

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Therapeutic, or reparative, planning is city planning that focuses on reestablishing trust and good will with communities historically marginalized by planning in order to better serve them as the city continues to evolve. The way to do reparative planning is debated by scholars. The idea of therapeutic planning is not so much about apologizing for apology’s sake as it is about repairing wounds so that planners can continue to work for the public good while engaging a greater diversity of stakeholders.

This work explores the potential of historic preservation to serve as a tool in the pursuit of therapeutic ...


Measuring The Capital Energy Value In Historic Structures, Erika Leigh Hasenfus Jan 2013

Measuring The Capital Energy Value In Historic Structures, Erika Leigh Hasenfus

Theses (Historic Preservation)

A credible model to account for the overall energy benefits with retention of historic buildings has been needed since preservation became national policy in 1966. The initial need to measure energy capital in buildings arose from the two energy crises in the 1970s, with a second need to address the sustainability goals of the 1990s/2000s. Both responses measure overall energy efficiency of historic buildings by attempting to account for the "energy capital." The Advisory Council on Historic Preservation introduced the first model in 1979, focused on measuring embodied energy and it has remained embedded in preservation vocabulary and is ...


Control Of Biodeterioration Of Sandstone On The Fisher Fine Arts Library, Jessica A. Focht Jan 2013

Control Of Biodeterioration Of Sandstone On The Fisher Fine Arts Library, Jessica A. Focht

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The study focuses on the presence of biocolonization on the Fisher Fine Arts Library, where two visually distinct types of biocolonization are found, green and black. The former grow in the damper, lower courses, while the latter occurs in the middle courses. The top courses of the apse are protected from rain so no apparent colonization is seen there. Biodeterioration is any undesirable change in the properties of a material caused by the vital action of organisms. The most used methods to control and prevent biodeterioration are to eliminate biocolonization through the application of biocides. The presence of biocolonization is ...


On The Preservation Of Principles: Determining The Adequacy Of Historic Preservation Theories, Charters, And Guidelines For The Philadelphia Police Headquarters, Allee Berger Jan 2013

On The Preservation Of Principles: Determining The Adequacy Of Historic Preservation Theories, Charters, And Guidelines For The Philadelphia Police Headquarters, Allee Berger

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Mid-twentieth-century architecture imposes unprecedented challenges onto the field of historic preservation. These problems are placing a strain on the theories, charters, and guidelines developed over the years to guide preservation efforts. As a result, there are collective calls for a reevaluation of the field’s principles. However, an in-depth understanding of why traditional preservation methodologies warrant retooling is missing from this overarching conversation. This thesis analyzes a select number of longstanding preservation doctrines to determine whether or not they are adequate for preserving post-war architecture. In order to assess the field’s traditional theories, charters, and guidelines, this thesis uses ...


Investigation And Analysis Of Wood Pathologies In Quincha Construction At Hotel Comercio In Lima, Peru; With Recommendations For Its Treatment, Rie Silvana Yamakawa Jan 2013

Investigation And Analysis Of Wood Pathologies In Quincha Construction At Hotel Comercio In Lima, Peru; With Recommendations For Its Treatment, Rie Silvana Yamakawa

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Quincha has been an integral construction system in Peru for over 2,000 years, adapting and evolving along with Peru's development as a nation throughout history. This traditional construction system proved to be extremely efficient in withstanding seismic activity, while being economic, adaptable, and fast to build. Unfortunately, the tradition of building with quincha in urban areas declined over the 20th century until it was lost. As a result, building with quincha has been all but forgotten in Lima today. Although quincha buildings comprise most of the structures in Lima's historic centre, their neglect has caused them to ...


Effect Of The Brownstone Moisture Content At Application Time Of A Water Repellent Treatment, Yun Liu Jan 2013

Effect Of The Brownstone Moisture Content At Application Time Of A Water Repellent Treatment, Yun Liu

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Portland brownstone is a widely used building material that is susceptible to severe deterioration from weathering. This type of stone contains expansive clay minerals that may cause damage during wetting/drying cycles. Water repellent treatments could, in principle, reduce this problem. The study presents results obtained from water vapor transmission tests, sorption isotherms, and hygric linear expansion of Portland brownstone treated with two types of water repellent, water based Siloxane PD and solvent based Natural Stone. The treatments were applied at two different moisture contents of the stone samples. The results obtained from the various tests showed no significant differences ...


Evaluating The Displacement Modes And Associated Risks Of Stacked Log Structures, Christine L. Beckman Jan 2013

Evaluating The Displacement Modes And Associated Risks Of Stacked Log Structures, Christine L. Beckman

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis explores the displacement modes and causes of displacement, especially those associated with snow load, of historic stacked log structures at the Bar BC Ranch in Grand Teton National Park in preparation of a typology of displacement indicators and risk exposures that inform the development of a field survey to help building stewards monitor stacked log structures and aid in the creation of prioritized preservation plans.


Evaluation And Recommendations For Preservation Practices In Historic Districts In China: The Case Of Dashilan Area, Beijing, Xiaojuan Zhu Jan 2013

Evaluation And Recommendations For Preservation Practices In Historic Districts In China: The Case Of Dashilan Area, Beijing, Xiaojuan Zhu

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Driven by economic and social pressures, large-scale urban renewal movements have taken place in China since 1970s. Many of these projects were carried out in a radical way, ignorant of history, culture and existing physical fabric. Dashilan Area in Beijing is a typical example. In the name of historic preservation, renewal projects occurred in 2003. Although there were two historic districts designated in the area and the master plan required different levels of tolerance of change, the reality demonstrated its failure to accomplish the scheme. Random demolition and pseudo-historic reconstructions occurred, which not only eliminated some of the character-defining elements ...


Looking For Mr. White: Uncovering The Furniture, Business And Life Of Philadelphia Cabinetmaker Charles Haight White, Kelly E. Wiles Jan 2013

Looking For Mr. White: Uncovering The Furniture, Business And Life Of Philadelphia Cabinetmaker Charles Haight White, Kelly E. Wiles

Theses (Historic Preservation)

In-depth analysis of the furniture and business of 19th century cabinetmaker Charles Haight White (1796-1876). Biography chapter chronicles his social associations in Philadelphia, including his involvement in the Franklin Institute. This thesis also includes an analysis of White's portfolio, which is primarily comprised of works in the Empire, Rococo Revival and Gothic Revival styles. White, a large exporter to the South, had a clientele base of primarily wealthy Americans. Two chapters discuss White's patrons in the North and South and consumption in both geographic areas. This thesis concludes with an analysis of how White's furniture is interpreted ...


Protecting Postmodern Historicism: Identification, Evaluation, And Prescriptions For Preeminent Sites, Jonathan Vimr Jan 2013

Protecting Postmodern Historicism: Identification, Evaluation, And Prescriptions For Preeminent Sites, Jonathan Vimr

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Just as architectural history traditionally takes the form of a march of styles, so too do preservationists repeatedly campaign to save seminal works of an architectural manner several decades after its period of prominence. This is currently happening with New Brutalism and given its age and current unpopularity will likely soon befall postmodern historicism. In hopes of preventing the loss of any of the manner’s preeminent works, this study provides professionals with a framework for evaluating the significance of postmodern historicist designs in relation to one another. Through this, the limited resources required for large-scale preservation campaigns can be ...


A Seat At The Table: Integrating Historic Preservation Into Comprehensive Campus Planning, Sarah Elisabeth Vanlandingham Jan 2013

A Seat At The Table: Integrating Historic Preservation Into Comprehensive Campus Planning, Sarah Elisabeth Vanlandingham

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Historic preservation should be incorporated into comprehensive campus planning in such a way that it is always part of the discussion. Although many universities are effectively managing their historic resources, there are many that would benefit from clear guidance on how to approach these issues. The existing literature is insufficient to meet these needs. This thesis analyzes the tools suggested by the literature in light of a variety of types of institutions to determine which tools are most appropriate for which types of schools and how they should be applied, which ones have more general application, and, finally, what preservation ...


Go With The Faux: Re-Evaluating The Design Of The Richardson Dilworth House, Chelsea Elizabeth Troppauer Jan 2013

Go With The Faux: Re-Evaluating The Design Of The Richardson Dilworth House, Chelsea Elizabeth Troppauer

Theses (Historic Preservation)

When elected to the office of Philadelphia's Mayor in 1956, Richardson Dilworth pledged his administration's dedication towards the physical improvement of Philadelphia. The Mayor made the revitalization of southeast quadrant of the city's core, known as Society Hill, a priority during his administration. As a symbol of his commitment, Dilworth decided to move himself and his family to the neighborhood. The Dilworths commissioned restoration architect, G. Edwin Brumbaugh. Brumbaugh designed a three and a half story, single family Colonial Revival house on the former site of two, 1840s structures. Dilworth resided in the house until his death ...


Living With Living History: The Impact Of Old Salem Museums And Gardens On The Quality Of Life In Winston-Salem, North Carolina, Briana G. Paxton Jan 2013

Living With Living History: The Impact Of Old Salem Museums And Gardens On The Quality Of Life In Winston-Salem, North Carolina, Briana G. Paxton

Theses (Historic Preservation)

History museums serve an important role in most communities throughout the United States as repositories of heritage and educational institutions. However, many museums neglect to consider the impact of the services they provide, especially in a holistic manner. Contemporary museum management demands better self-assessment tool than those currently in vogue. As museums struggle to survive in the twenty-first century, museum impact analysis is imperative to demonstrate their value to the communities they serve. This thesis tests the suitability of quality of life metrics for holistic evaluation of museum impacts. To do so, a pilot study was conducted at Old Salem ...


Beyond The Building: Exploring The Link Between City Sustainability Policies And Historic Preservation Policies, Julieann Patricia Murphy Jan 2013

Beyond The Building: Exploring The Link Between City Sustainability Policies And Historic Preservation Policies, Julieann Patricia Murphy

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Though the United States does not have a uniform climate or climate policy, cities are leading the way in sustainability policy creation. Historic preservation and sustainability are large concepts and neither, because of their values-based nature, have a single measurement of success. Linking the concept of historic preservation to sustainability can bring both into the next generation of practice. This thesis explores and analyzes the relationship between the sustainability policies and historic preservation policies of cities. It seeks to uncover whether some of the US cities that have been touted at the most sustainable use historic preservation as part of ...


Condition Assessment And Treatment Recommendations At Holly Tower Support Rock, Hovenweep National Monument, Laura Alexandra Lacombe Jan 2013

Condition Assessment And Treatment Recommendations At Holly Tower Support Rock, Hovenweep National Monument, Laura Alexandra Lacombe

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Between 1985 and 2006, archaeologists at Hovenweep National Monument observed a dramatic increase in erosional loss on the west side of the Holly Tower support rock, which is a detached ledgerock of Dakota Sandstone. This thesis investigates the deterioration mode and pattern of the monolith, attributes cause to these observations, and proposes preventive and remedial treatments to stabilize the boulder based on existing research and historical precedent, as well as site survey and material testing. Delamination and excessive friability are addressed through physical and mechanical testing of a combined treatment program using Funcosil Antihygro, an anti-swelling agent, and Remmers KSE ...


Penn Fruit And The Everyday Modern: Interpreting The Mid-Century Supermarket, Shannon Teresa Garrison Jan 2013

Penn Fruit And The Everyday Modern: Interpreting The Mid-Century Supermarket, Shannon Teresa Garrison

Theses (Historic Preservation)

In Philadelphia, Penn Fruit was one of the earliest grocery stores to adopt the supermarket model and remained an innovator in the grocery business from its founding in 1927 until it declared bankruptcy in 1975. Max Zimmerman, editor of Super Market Merchandising and founder of the Super Market Institute considered it a "recognized leader" in the field, highlighting it as one of the "outstanding operations in the country" in his 1955 book, Super Markets. In the 1950s its per-store sales were over three times the national average, and the company's distinctive stores, with their arched rooflines and sparkling glass ...


Mining The Qualitative From The Quantitative: Re-Evaluating Cemetery Survey For The Field Of Historic Preservation, Kathryn Chambon Diserens Jan 2013

Mining The Qualitative From The Quantitative: Re-Evaluating Cemetery Survey For The Field Of Historic Preservation, Kathryn Chambon Diserens

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis proposes to critique the process of the survey of historic cemeteries and the data and information that can be generated through them through the eyes of a historic preservationist, focusing on the data collection over the past 30 years at St. Louis Number Two Cemetery in New Orleans, Louisiana. Through this research, the process of cemetery survey is described from beginning to end, including what brings it about, what types of data are collected by what types of groups, and finally, a brief glimpse into the types of data analysis and measurement that can be done using this ...


Unveiling Ancestral Iconography: An Analysis Of 13th C. Ad Earthen Finishes Through Infrared Thermography At Fire Temple, Mesa Verde National Park, Daniel Stuart Castele Jan 2013

Unveiling Ancestral Iconography: An Analysis Of 13th C. Ad Earthen Finishes Through Infrared Thermography At Fire Temple, Mesa Verde National Park, Daniel Stuart Castele

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Infrared thermography has been an increasingly applicable diagnostic tool in the nondestructive testing of heritage objects. By measuring the surface temperature and emissivity, infrared thermography is measures heat radiation. Thermography has the ability to investigate objects without contact or causing any deleterious effects. This thesis aims to apply infrared thermography technology to evaluate earthen architectural finishes, and with the intent for subsurface identification of over-painted images. Evidence-based results from both passive and active thermography methods on test facsimiles will inform the efficacy of the technique on earthen finishes, and its applicability to in-situ testing on the north wall of Fire ...


'Design With Nature And Culture': The Landscapes Of George Erwin Patton, Karina Rowen Bishop Jan 2013

'Design With Nature And Culture': The Landscapes Of George Erwin Patton, Karina Rowen Bishop

Theses (Historic Preservation)

George Erwin Patton (1920-1991) was the most prolific landscape architect of twentieth century Philadelphia. Over the course of three decades in practice, his firm of George E. Patton & Associates preserved some of the city’s most important public spaces and collaborated with several of the era’s eminent architects. Patton’s engagement with landscape preservation has contributed to the longstanding invisibility of his works. His career presents a challenge to the prevalent assumption that the concepts of culture and nature were disassociated from one another in midcentury landscape architecture. Despite the clear influence of Patton’s work on the urban ...


Interpreting The Unresolved Legacy Of Trujillo At The 1955 Dominican World's Fair Site, Moira Bracken Nadal Jan 2013

Interpreting The Unresolved Legacy Of Trujillo At The 1955 Dominican World's Fair Site, Moira Bracken Nadal

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The decay and uses of the Center of the Heroes reflect larger implications of Trujillo's 31-year dictatorship, the first 25 of which were celebrated by the 1955 World’s Fair held there. By hosting a World’s Fair, the Dominican Republic provided a platform to advertise its signs of progress, real and projected, all the while framing them as direct results of Trujillo’s rule. The fairgrounds were later converted to use for government offices and then re-named as the Center of the Heroes of Constanza, Maimon and Estero Hondo in honor of those men who were killed for ...


Proposing Design Guidelines Of Insa-Dong By Referring Design Guidelines Of Old City Historic District, Soeun Park Jan 2013

Proposing Design Guidelines Of Insa-Dong By Referring Design Guidelines Of Old City Historic District, Soeun Park

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Design Guidelines are written to preserve the character of the district, including architectural character of the structures and historic character of the district and buildings. In case of South Korea, the country began to concern preserving historic district, but does not have design guidelines. Design guidelines are necessary to support the preservation movement and for effective preservation in South Korea. The study focuses on proposing design guidelines of Insa-dong, Seoul by referring the design guidelines of Old City Historic District, Philadelphia. Insa-dong is the first Cultural District in South Korea and it has many historical and cultural properties within the ...