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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Gordion: Managing An Open-Air Archaeological Site As A Garden, Naomi F. Miller Aug 2012

Gordion: Managing An Open-Air Archaeological Site As A Garden, Naomi F. Miller

University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology Papers

Vegetation cover is managed to enhance the preservation of the archaeological ruins at Gordion, Turkey. We use our knowledge of the habits and growth cycles of the native vegetation to determine which plants should be encouraged or discouraged to grow in the excavated. For the surfaces of tumuli and unexcavated settlement mounds, minimal intervention can have dramatic results for remarkably little effort, and can be thought of as parkland. In particular, fencing to keep animals and children off the biggest mound allowed the vegetation cover to improve rapidly, so there is much less erosion. The excavated area with exposed architecture ...


Building A Green Community: The Woodlands As An Experiment In Urban Landscape Interpretation, Courtney Elizabeth Allen Jan 2012

Building A Green Community: The Woodlands As An Experiment In Urban Landscape Interpretation, Courtney Elizabeth Allen

Theses (Historic Preservation)

From its origins as an eighteenth-century pleasure ground, to its conversion into a rural cemetery, to its modern day potential as parkland, The Woodlands has raised questions and debates about land use in West Philadelphia. Now consisting of fifty acres of William Hamilton’s 600-acre estate, The Woodlands is the largest and most significant green space in the University City neighborhood. The Woodlands, a National Historic Landmark, Landscape, and District, is managed by The Woodlands Trust for Historic Preservation. The mission of the Trust is “to preserve, enhance and interpret its nationally significant cultural landscape, historic buildings, and cemetery, and ...


Consolidation Treatments For The Alveolar Erosion Of The Agrillaceous Sandstone At Durham Castle, Mary Catherine Collins Jan 2012

Consolidation Treatments For The Alveolar Erosion Of The Agrillaceous Sandstone At Durham Castle, Mary Catherine Collins

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The thesis addresses possible consolidation treatments for the sandstone masonry of Durham Castle, a UNESCO World Heritage site located in Durham, England. The historic masonry is made of an argillaceous sandstone that suffers a unique deterioration phenomenon known as alveolar erosion. Alveolar erosion is a problem that relates to the geo-chemical nature of the stone, particularly the presence of swelling clays. Two treatments were considered in this thesis: a plain ethyl silicate (Prosoco OH100), and an elastified ethyl silicate (Remmers KSE 300 E). The performance of each treatment was compared through laboratory testing of the following properties: water absorption and ...


Specialization And Significance: An Assessment Of The Career And Works Of Minerva Parker Nichols, Margaret Lester Jan 2012

Specialization And Significance: An Assessment Of The Career And Works Of Minerva Parker Nichols, Margaret Lester

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Although her formal practice lasted just ten years and was concentrated in the Philadelphia area, architect Minerva Parker Nichols (1861—1949) serves as a focal point for a study of women and the built environment in late nineteenth-century America. As the first woman in the country to practice architecture independently, Nichols carved out a prominent place in the male‐dominated field of architecture—all while specializing (as she deemed it) in projects associated with female clients and uses. These themes in Nichols’ career make her an apt case study through which to examine questions of significance, contesting our presumptions about ...


Stained Glass At The Woodlands Cemetery, Lauren M. Szeber Jan 2012

Stained Glass At The Woodlands Cemetery, Lauren M. Szeber

Theses (Historic Preservation)

In 1855, the Woodlands Cemetery Company of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania incorporated stained glass windows in the southern façade of the Hamilton Mansion. Designed by John Gibson, the windows transformed the interior space by creating a chapel-like experience, reflecting larger social movements such as the concept of a rural cemetery, religious symbolism in the domestic residence, and the way these trends came to bear on the nascent idea of the early funeral home industry. This thesis is a study into the Woodlands Cemetery windows as a rare example of surviving mid 19th century stained glass. Documentation and exploration into the windows history ...


Beyond The Theme: Community Revitalization-Based Preservation Planning Approaches For Multiple Property Designations, Latishia M. Allen Jan 2012

Beyond The Theme: Community Revitalization-Based Preservation Planning Approaches For Multiple Property Designations, Latishia M. Allen

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Multiple Property Submissions (MPS) were established in 1977 as a form of designation under the National Register of Historic Places and are dependent on historic contexts and thematic building types/styles as grounds for significance. This reliance on historic context opened the doors for nominating several vernacular or commonplace buildings and allowed for a more objective approach to evaluating the significance of historic resources. As a form of designation reliant upon local historic contexts that simultaneously contribute to broader national contexts, these frameworks were intended to feed into planning initiatives such as tourism, local oral histories, and educational programming. Tangible ...


When Change Is The Best Option: Method For The Evaluation Of The Impact Of Change Of Use In Houses Of Worship, Fabiana C. Mileo Jan 2012

When Change Is The Best Option: Method For The Evaluation Of The Impact Of Change Of Use In Houses Of Worship, Fabiana C. Mileo

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Houses of worship constitute valuable landmarks in the built environment; they represent the power of faith and mankind, in the form of durable buildings designed to stand the test of time. Nevertheless, houses of worship are becoming redundant as a result of endogenous factors, such as maintenance or lack of funding, and exogenous factors, often related to suburbanization and demographic changes. As a consequence, many houses of worship are suffering a process of decay, which calls for adaptive reuse as a necessary response.

While the adaptive reuse of houses of worship is becoming a common practice, current practices do not ...


Philadelphia Corner Stores: Their History, Use, And Preservation, Lynn Miriam Alpert Jan 2012

Philadelphia Corner Stores: Their History, Use, And Preservation, Lynn Miriam Alpert

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The corner store is a unique type of commercial building due to its placement within row house neighborhoods and on otherwise residential blocks. These buildings stand in stark contrast to the concentrations of commercial structures in shopping districts and along commercial corridors. This study examines this distinct combination, which was created to serve the needs of residents on the periphery of city centers in a specific historical moment, the latter half of the 19th century into the early 20th century. The study utilizes scholarly histories of urban expansion, neighborhood formation, and transportation advances in the United States from the mid-19th ...


Green Roofs For Historic Buildings: Case Study Of The Bar Bc Dude Ranch At Grand Teton National Park, Richard Jason Cantu Jan 2012

Green Roofs For Historic Buildings: Case Study Of The Bar Bc Dude Ranch At Grand Teton National Park, Richard Jason Cantu

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis proposes to explore historic sod roofs as a precedent for green roof construction through the analysis of surviving examples at Bar BC Dude Ranch in Grand Teton National Park, WY in order to suggest new adaptations to historical usage. The ultimate goal will be to study the original and current roofing techniques to determine a method that will allow historical interpretation of the structures while improving roof and building maintenance and overall sustainability.

This thesis will investigate the history of sod roofs, especially in relation to log building in the American West and the design of modern green ...


Scale & Context: An Evaluation Of Regional And Transboundary Heritage Conservation Models, Alexandra Liana Church Jan 2012

Scale & Context: An Evaluation Of Regional And Transboundary Heritage Conservation Models, Alexandra Liana Church

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis examines several trends in heritage management in which management of very large scale areas is undertaken. The goal is to evaluate regional scale or transboundary planning and preservation management models, especially those where management of a single entity is governed by multiple sets of rules, such as multiple states or nations. This thesis will also examine the ways that these large-scale, developed areas are lacking or excelling at preventing and managing development, especially in response to the needs of places to grow their economies. This thesis will also evaluate the larger question of when the scale of a ...


Looking Up, Downtown: A National Survey And Assessment Of Residential Development Incentives For The Rehabilitation Of Vacant Upstairs Space In Historic Downtowns, Laura Dipasquale Jan 2012

Looking Up, Downtown: A National Survey And Assessment Of Residential Development Incentives For The Rehabilitation Of Vacant Upstairs Space In Historic Downtowns, Laura Dipasquale

Theses (Historic Preservation)

In order to facilitate redevelopment and foster economic growth in their downtowns, many local governments across the United States offer financial incentives to assist developers and business owners in rehabilitating their older or historic structures. While many economic development tools focus on the establishment and growth of businesses in historic downtowns, there is a general understanding that in order for a neighborhood or downtown commercial district to thrive, it must also have a solid residential population. This thesis focuses specifically on redevelopment incentives aimed at creating or enhancing upper floor residential space. Through short case studies, it evaluates different types ...


Demolition-By-Neglect: Where Are We Now?, Rachel Ann Hildebrandt Jan 2012

Demolition-By-Neglect: Where Are We Now?, Rachel Ann Hildebrandt

Theses (Historic Preservation)

No abstract provided.


Addressing The Nation: The Use Of Design Competitions In Interpreting Historic Sites, Collette Rachel Kinane Jan 2012

Addressing The Nation: The Use Of Design Competitions In Interpreting Historic Sites, Collette Rachel Kinane

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Design competitions are regularly used for the creation of monuments and structures in the United States. Pursuing this method to develop the interpretation of a historic site or monument, encompassing more than the design of the site and its structures, however, is a rarer and more recent phenomenon. This thesis evaluates the use of design competitions in the design and interpretation of historic sites that could be considered recent sites of conscience. This type of site is especially difficult to interpret, given its sometimes controversial status. The interpretation and design of a historic site significantly impacts a visitor’s perception ...


Shared-Use With The Performing Arts In Active Historic Religious Buildings, Vanessa Lacida Dela Torre Jan 2012

Shared-Use With The Performing Arts In Active Historic Religious Buildings, Vanessa Lacida Dela Torre

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Religious buildings, in the United States, are aging through a period of shifting religious conditions. The environment in which religious organizations operate is changing as religious buildings continue to age, and resources and congregations continue to diminish. Changing needs have forced congregations to adapt or to close, leaving historic religious buildings vulnerable to vacancy and demolition. As a result, religious organizations and preservation communities have explored means of diversifying available resources in order to sustain the active use of historic religious buildings. Shared-use, a traditional practice of religious organizations, proves to be a successful structure. Potential benefits of shared-use include ...


Calamities, Catastrophes, And Cataclysms: Current Trends In International Disaster Risk Management Practices For Cultural Heritage Sites, Jesse W. Lattig Jan 2012

Calamities, Catastrophes, And Cataclysms: Current Trends In International Disaster Risk Management Practices For Cultural Heritage Sites, Jesse W. Lattig

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Several initiatives, conferences, and collaborative agreements in recent years have focused on cultural heritage protection in response to climate change and natural disasters. Despite an established network of institutions united in preserving the world’s cultural heritage, risk management planning for heritage properties remains in its infancy. This thesis asks what types of risk management for cultural heritage properties are currently being implemented and which organizations are doing this work. A review of disaster risk management activities of international heritage conservation groups reveals that organizations tend to focus their efforts on one of the three disaster phases: advance planning, emergency ...


Public Participation Issues In Preservation Planning: Practices Of Chinese Historic District, Li Yi Jan 2012

Public Participation Issues In Preservation Planning: Practices Of Chinese Historic District, Li Yi

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Many issues are awaiting to be solved during Chinese urban redevelopment planning process. Among those issues, the lack of participation of stakeholders in urban redevelopment projects in historic district, other than all levels of government, real estate developers, and planning professionals, is one of the main issues that need special attention to be paid and will be addressed in this thesis.

Via introducing the preservation planning and the concept of historic district, this article will first summarize five different urban redevelopment approaches in order to represent an overall picture of urban redevelopment projects in the last thirty years. Then, the ...


Investigation Of The Deterioration Of The Trompe L'Oeil Interiors Of San Sebastian Basilica, Manila, Philippines, Christine N. Leggio Jan 2012

Investigation Of The Deterioration Of The Trompe L'Oeil Interiors Of San Sebastian Basilica, Manila, Philippines, Christine N. Leggio

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The Basilica of San Sebastian in Manila, Philippines, is one of few surviving all metal cathedrals in the world. It was built in 1891, after the previous three masonry churches on the site were destroyed in earthquakes. Originally, both the exterior and interior steel cladding panels were faux painted to create the illusion of cut stone. Trompe l’oeil figures painted by some of the country’s leading turn of the century artists decorate the interior dome and side walls. The structure is actively corroding, causing damage to the interior finishes. This study examines the original painting technique and diagnoses ...


An Assessment Of Preservation Opportunities In The New Jersey Pine Barrens, Thomas James Wilson Jan 2012

An Assessment Of Preservation Opportunities In The New Jersey Pine Barrens, Thomas James Wilson

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The Pine Barrens of southern New Jersey is a 1.4 million acre expanse of dense forest that is one of the most unique ecological regions on the planet. From the late 17th century until the 1890's, a series of industries flourished deep within the Pine Barrens, forever altering the region's physical and cultural landscape. Of these industries, none had a greater impact on the region than the iron business. Although sites and ruins associated with the iron industry are still found throughout the Pine Barrens in various stages of decay, all of the industrial sites that remain ...


Fight Blight Right: Using Code Lien Foreclosure Auctions To Rehabilitate New Orleans' Deteriorating Housing Stock, Courtney Williams Jan 2012

Fight Blight Right: Using Code Lien Foreclosure Auctions To Rehabilitate New Orleans' Deteriorating Housing Stock, Courtney Williams

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis explores how code lien foreclosure auctions can be an effective alternative to demolition in fighting urban blight, by providing excellent investment opportunities for individuals interested in rehabilitating blighted properties. By analyzing the system as it is being implemented in New Orleans under Mayor Mitch Landrieu, its major benefits and weaknesses are identified. Property data collection and analysis demonstrates that this is a market-driven strategy, whose implementation will work best in strong or strengthening real estate markets. Further, existing structures (as opposed to vacant lots) near historic commercial corridors are most likely to sell. Recommendations for future improvements are ...


Teardown Boom: An Analysis Of Redevelopment Trends And The Loss Of Historic Built Fabric In Chicago, 1990-2010, Matthew Mitchell Wicklund Jan 2012

Teardown Boom: An Analysis Of Redevelopment Trends And The Loss Of Historic Built Fabric In Chicago, 1990-2010, Matthew Mitchell Wicklund

Theses (Historic Preservation)

No abstract provided.


Upstairs In The Vieux Carré: An Analysis Of Incentives And Tools To Catalyze Private Sector Rehabilitation, Lawrence Jay Timon Jan 2012

Upstairs In The Vieux Carré: An Analysis Of Incentives And Tools To Catalyze Private Sector Rehabilitation, Lawrence Jay Timon

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Millions of tourists flock to New Orleans’s famed French Quarter each year to enjoy its offering of unique culture and historic buildings. However, many of the low-rise historic buildings are in need of rehabilitation. These blighted structures threaten the vitality of the Vieux Carré Historic District. This thesis examines public sector incentives and tools to determine their ability to catalyze private sector rehabilitation of the French Quarter’s low-rise historic buildings. A list of extant incentives and tools were compiled and tested using two hypothetical projects, each representing a different type of common French Quarter building typology. The goals ...


Building Information Modeling And Historic Buildings: How A Living Model Leads To Better Stewardship Of The Past, Haley West Van Wagenen Jan 2012

Building Information Modeling And Historic Buildings: How A Living Model Leads To Better Stewardship Of The Past, Haley West Van Wagenen

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis examines an alternative way of documenting historic buildings through the use of Building Information Modeling (BIM). By creating a model that responds to real-time data updates and serves as a central repository for information about a building, owners, operators and preservation professionals can better monitor conditions within a building and plan for its future. A model can catalogue every element and assembly, providing an inventory of the building’s parts. By assigning phases to past building campaigns, professionals gain a better understanding of a site’s chronology. Simulation of energy and water consumption assists professionals in becoming stewards ...


Nondestructive Monitoring Of Wooden Native American Pyramidal Structures, Michael Joseph Shoriak Jan 2012

Nondestructive Monitoring Of Wooden Native American Pyramidal Structures, Michael Joseph Shoriak

Theses (Historic Preservation)

No abstract provided.


Disorderly History: Cultural Landscapes, Racial Violence, And Memory, 1876-1923, Monica L. Rhodes Jan 2012

Disorderly History: Cultural Landscapes, Racial Violence, And Memory, 1876-1923, Monica L. Rhodes

Theses (Historic Preservation)

No abstract provided.


(In)Forming And Pressing Matters: Laying The Foundations For The Preservation And Interpretation Of The Western Clay Manufacturing Company, Sharon Reid Jan 2012

(In)Forming And Pressing Matters: Laying The Foundations For The Preservation And Interpretation Of The Western Clay Manufacturing Company, Sharon Reid

Theses (Historic Preservation)

In the United States, brick and tile manufactories were once ubiquitous. Currently, the number of extant late nineteenth- to early-twentieth century complexes devoted to the production of brick and tile products is negligible. Of the few remaining historic manufactories, none evidences what can be found at Helena, Montana’s shuttered Western Clay Manufacturing Company (Western Clay): three generations of kiln technology and numerous intact principal buildings, machinery, and infrastructural elements related to the production of structural and hollow clay tile. Since its closure, Western Clay’s place in historical memory has suffered attrition. Concomitantly, the greater public’s understanding of ...


The Future Of Historic Preservation In Blighted Areas: Effects Of The Abolishment Of Redevelopment Agencies In California, Lauro Alonso Parra Jan 2012

The Future Of Historic Preservation In Blighted Areas: Effects Of The Abolishment Of Redevelopment Agencies In California, Lauro Alonso Parra

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Redevelopment agencies play a major role in the preservation or destruction of historic buildings. When considering the benefits of preservation, we not only consider the protection of buildings for history's sake; but its usage has become more evident as a form of economic growth. During 2011, in efforts to balance the budget in the state of California, Governor Brown proposed abolishing redevelopment agencies, using their $1.7 billion tax revenue in the next fiscal year to balance the budget. Collectively, these cities take in about $5 billion a year in property taxes. In researching some of their city-run redevelopment ...


Re-Discovering Jules Bouy's Modernist Interior For The Cosmopolitan Club Of Philadelphia, Sarah Elizabeth Peterson Jan 2012

Re-Discovering Jules Bouy's Modernist Interior For The Cosmopolitan Club Of Philadelphia, Sarah Elizabeth Peterson

Theses (Historic Preservation)

No abstract provided.


The Wakefield Estate From Private To Public Garden: A Preservation Approach For A Cultural Landscape, Debora Marie Merriam Jan 2012

The Wakefield Estate From Private To Public Garden: A Preservation Approach For A Cultural Landscape, Debora Marie Merriam

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Gardens and arboreta most often begin as private places. Sound preservation and conservation principles are necessary to transform these gardens into protected and well- managed public gardens.

The goal of the Wakefield Charitable Trust is to open the Wakefield Estate as a public garden to further the mission of education and community engagement. Opening a public garden requires a landscape management strategy. The challenge of this process is to maintain the Estateʼs character defining elements while allowing public access. The purpose of this thesis is to develop a preservation approach for the Wakefield Estate that will protect the historic character ...


Evaluation Of Consolidation Treatments For The San José Convento Column, San Antonio Missions National Historic Park, San Antonio, Texas, Kalen Daniel Mcnabb Jan 2012

Evaluation Of Consolidation Treatments For The San José Convento Column, San Antonio Missions National Historic Park, San Antonio, Texas, Kalen Daniel Mcnabb

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The retreatment of previously consolidated stone has become a common occurrence and an important area of research in the field of architectural conservation. The San José Convento Column within the San Antonio Missions National Historical Park in San Antonio, Texas is a prime example for consideration. Initially analyzed, tested, and treated in 1993 by the Architectural Conservation Laboratory at the University of Pennsylvania, the limestone column is in need of additional treatment. Recent analysis has determined that while the 1993 treatment had been largely successful, microcracks originally present have advanced and surface detachment has worsened, largely due to clay swelling ...


The Relationship Between Cultural Heritage Tourism And Historic Crafting & Textile Communities, Nyasha Brittany Hayes Jan 2012

The Relationship Between Cultural Heritage Tourism And Historic Crafting & Textile Communities, Nyasha Brittany Hayes

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The tourism industry continues to grow exponentially each year as many First and developing nations utilize its many subsets to generate commerce. Of the many types of tourism, arguably all countries employ heritage tourism as a method to protect their varying forms of cultural heritage , to establish national identities and grow their economies. As it is understood, to create a national identity a group of people will first identify what they consider to be the culturally significant features of their society that embodies their heritage. Heritage is a legacy that will be passed onto future generations that encompasses customs, expressions ...