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Historic Preservation and Conservation

University of Pennsylvania

2011

Articles 1 - 22 of 22

Full-Text Articles in Architecture

New Investigations Into A Historic Treatment: The Efficacy Of Gelatin As An Adhesive For Earthen Finishes At Mesa Verde National Park, Emily M. Aloiz Jan 2011

New Investigations Into A Historic Treatment: The Efficacy Of Gelatin As An Adhesive For Earthen Finishes At Mesa Verde National Park, Emily M. Aloiz

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis comes out of years of work beginning in 1994 undertaken by Frank Matero and the University of Pennsylvania to stabilize the earthen surface finishes of Mesa Verde National Park in Southwestern Colorado. The aim of this research is to better understand the performance and deterioration mechanisms for gelatin treatments used to reattach earthen plasters and washes. Threats to the treatment method include biodeterioration and failure due to wet-dry cycles and humidity fluctuations. The adhesive’s durability to these weathering phenomena was researched and evaluated through testing proxy samples in the Architectural Conservation Laboratory of the University of Pennsylvania ...


Philadelphia's 13th Street Passages: A Model For Urban Main Street Development, Kevin Mcmahon Jan 2011

Philadelphia's 13th Street Passages: A Model For Urban Main Street Development, Kevin Mcmahon

Theses (Historic Preservation)

To a large extent, this thesis will investigate how 13th Street was successfully revitalized using a strategy similar to that of the National Trust for Historic Preservation’s Main Street Program, a broadly applied framework for the revitalization of historic commercial centers in downtown communities nationwide. The success of the Main Street program, as outlined in its Four-Point Approach to revitalization, relies on early and strong community organization and small business partnerships. However, because there was such little concern among business owners on 13th Street, and because the City of Philadelphia was unable to take a leading role in redevelopment ...


An Evaluation Of Acrylic Resin, Ethyl Silicate, And Methyltrimethoxysilane Treatment At San Antonio Missions National Historic Park, San Antonio, Texas, Natalie Karas Jan 2011

An Evaluation Of Acrylic Resin, Ethyl Silicate, And Methyltrimethoxysilane Treatment At San Antonio Missions National Historic Park, San Antonio, Texas, Natalie Karas

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis provided a unique opportunity to evaluate the efficacy of a complex stone conservation treatment after 17 years of outdoor weathering. It is rare for a conservator to return to a site and assess her/his treatment and even rarer to monitor a treatment periodically over time. The conservation project under review was performed in 1993-94 and was documented step by step, including masonry characterization and condition assessment, treatment testing, treatment selection, and application. This abundance of information facilitates a comparative evaluation of the effects of the treatment on the masonry over time. This was made possible by the ...


Resurrecting Saint Louis No. 1 Cemetery: Integrating Archival And Field Research With Digital Tools To Spatially Analyze, Map, And Reinterpret Site Evolution And Morphology, Joseph C. Torres Ii Jan 2011

Resurrecting Saint Louis No. 1 Cemetery: Integrating Archival And Field Research With Digital Tools To Spatially Analyze, Map, And Reinterpret Site Evolution And Morphology, Joseph C. Torres Ii

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This design thesis is a synthesis of two issues. Without the accuracy and assured quality if the first issue, the second one would have no value. The first issue is the culmination of rich historical material and analysis demonstrated at St. Louis Cemetery No. 1 in New Orleans (St. Louis 1). The second issue is the availability contemporary developments in how society collects, manages, and disseminates information, and how the internet has been a principal component in facilitating each element of managing information. This thesis utilizes St. Louis 1 as a platform to assess how managing and distributing information on ...


Forms Of Attachment: Additions To Postwar Icons, Nathan F. R. Rogers Jan 2011

Forms Of Attachment: Additions To Postwar Icons, Nathan F. R. Rogers

Theses (Historic Preservation)

In the ongoing project of adding to the recently built, or more specifically the problem of additions to postwar icons, the issues have proven more slippery. (In this context, I use “project” to mean a larger theoretical endeavor or task of investigation rather than an architectural proposal.) First, what, in this context, is postwar? To focus this thesis, I define it as the period in American architecture from the end of World War II to the dissolution of the modern movement into the splintered ‘isms’ of the late 1970’s and early 1980’s that were bubbling up in the ...


Exterior Architectural Finishes In Puerto Rico: The Painting Traditions Of Guayama's Vernacular Architecture, Betty L. Prime Jan 2011

Exterior Architectural Finishes In Puerto Rico: The Painting Traditions Of Guayama's Vernacular Architecture, Betty L. Prime

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The vernacular architecture of Puerto Rico has been previously investigated, but research has yet to address the symbolic and aesthetic expression of that form through formal paint analysis. Guayama’s urban houses are distinctive through their style, color and materials. Color plays a fundamental role in domestic architectural expression, but it is often overlooked by the preservation field. To date, there has been limited scientific research completed to record the materials and palette used in Caribbean architectural painting. As a general rule buildings are frequently studied as isolated entities, but rarely as a group, addressing color schemes and paint palettes ...


Practical Preservation In Philadelphia: The Octavia Hill Association 1896-1912, Samantha G. Driscoll Jan 2011

Practical Preservation In Philadelphia: The Octavia Hill Association 1896-1912, Samantha G. Driscoll

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The purpose of this thesis is to explore the work of the Octavia Hill Association in Philadelphia. The history of Philadelphia's population, immigration, and housing issues prior to the last quarter of the 19th century are not included. For background information this thesis has utilized the following sources as the foundation of Philadelphia history: Sam Bass Warner's The Private City: Philadelphia in Three Periods of Growth, John F. Sutherland's essay "Housing the Poor in the City of Homes: Philadelphia at the Turn of the Century," and Caroline Golab's essay "The Immigrant and the City: Poles, Italians ...


Cultural Wilderness: How The Historical Evolution Of American Wilderness Values Influence Cultural Resource Management Within Wilderness Areas In National Parks, Alison E. Swing Jan 2011

Cultural Wilderness: How The Historical Evolution Of American Wilderness Values Influence Cultural Resource Management Within Wilderness Areas In National Parks, Alison E. Swing

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis is divided into five chapters that will provide a conceptual framework for understanding the evolving concept of wilderness in the United States, and the ways in which that concept has advanced or impaired preservation policy within designated Wilderness areas.The perceived conflict between wilderness and culture has changed over time and created disconnect between cultural and natural resource management in National Parks, an issue that has only recently come into view. Understanding the relationship between wilderness and culture is necessary to gain a deeper understanding of how these two resources are intrinsically linked, shaped, and defined by one ...


The Construction Of Interstate-95: A Failure To Preserve A City's History, Alanna C. Stewart Jan 2011

The Construction Of Interstate-95: A Failure To Preserve A City's History, Alanna C. Stewart

Theses (Historic Preservation)

In 1959, construction on Interstate-95 (the Delaware Expressway) began in Philadelphia. Original plans for construction occurred in 1937, but were not approved until more than twenty years later. Several versions of the plans were drafted, but the final plan for the elevated expressway was approved during the 1950s. The project took twenty years to complete, and by 1979, the Delaware Expressway ran along the entire eastern edge of Philadelphia.

Many people opposed of this plan. Drawings and photographs of the buildings were produced, protests and rallies took place, and alternative routes were discussed. Despite these efforts, three hundred years of ...


Evaluation And Testing Of Brick Dust As A Pozzolanic Additive To Lime Mortars For Architectural Conservation, Sara B. Rogers Jan 2011

Evaluation And Testing Of Brick Dust As A Pozzolanic Additive To Lime Mortars For Architectural Conservation, Sara B. Rogers

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The purpose of this research is to identify an optimal methodology for determining whether a given brick dust will produce a pozzolanic reaction when combined with lime. This property will be referred to as pozzolanicity. The research required a review of the properties of pozzolanic materials, the nature of the pozzolanic reaction, and a review of existing methods for determining pozzolanicity. A testing program performed at the Architectural Conservation Laboratory at the University of Pennsylvania was designed and executed to evaluate methods for testing pozzolanicity of brick dust to determine their efficacy. An evaluation of the tests was the final ...


Documentation And Evaluation Of The Conditions Of The 9th Century B.C.E. Mosaic, From Gordion, Turkey And Recommendations For Its Conservation And Treatment, Elizabeth T. Thompson Jan 2011

Documentation And Evaluation Of The Conditions Of The 9th Century B.C.E. Mosaic, From Gordion, Turkey And Recommendations For Its Conservation And Treatment, Elizabeth T. Thompson

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The purpose of this report was to begin to consider options for how to improve the state of preservation and conservation of the Megaron 2 Mosaic. Archival documentation was gathered and a preliminary conditions assessment was performed. Research was conducted to find comparable projects that could establish a framework to help create a conservation plan for the mosaic. Finally, a phased program was created to guide the planning process. This information has been compiled in this thesis in order to establish a solid base on which future work can be built.


An Evaluation Of Historic Preservation Revolving Loan Funds, And Recommendations For The Establishment Of Future Programs, Olivia Mitchell Jan 2011

An Evaluation Of Historic Preservation Revolving Loan Funds, And Recommendations For The Establishment Of Future Programs, Olivia Mitchell

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The historic preservation revolving loan fund has been a very valuable, albeit largely overlooked, incentive for historic preservation. This thesis explores establishments and structures, as well as the successes and failures of a majority of the revolving loan funds throughout the country. Whether they are nonprofit organizations or governmental entities, the programs’ structural differences are many, but the program administrators’ differences in experience and opinion are few. This thesis attempts to provide an otherwise previously unpublished guide to historic preservation revolving loan funds in the United States—their management structures, their operation, their successes and their failures, and to deliver ...


A Proposed Approach For Stabilizing Verdant Concrete Of Stairway To The Sky, Las Pozas, Mexico, Nicole Matchette Jan 2011

A Proposed Approach For Stabilizing Verdant Concrete Of Stairway To The Sky, Las Pozas, Mexico, Nicole Matchette

Theses (Historic Preservation)

At Las Pozas, it is the coalescence of nature and art that has become valued by many who have visited the site. This thesis sets forth an approach that seeks to find a common ground between maintaining the decayed appearance of a reinforced concrete structure known as Stairway to the Sky, while preserving the material integrity of its sculptural concrete—a complicated task in the warm, humid environment of Mexico's Huasteca (was-tek-a) region.


Architectural Finishes At Spruce Tree House, Mesa Verde National Park: Characterization And Interpretation Of Room 115(2), Rebekah Krieger Jan 2011

Architectural Finishes At Spruce Tree House, Mesa Verde National Park: Characterization And Interpretation Of Room 115(2), Rebekah Krieger

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The conservation of finishes at Spruce Tree has been given priority due to the site's high public visibility and good state of preservation. Thousands of visitors view plaster finishes at Spruce Tree House throughout the year, yet little information is presented on the method of their application, their extent throughout the park, and how the dwellings might have originally looked.

Through characterization and analysis of finish schemes at Spruce Tree House, this thesis seeks to gain a fuller understanding of how Ancestral Puebloans utilized architectural surface finishes in different architectural typologies for a variety of functions. This study presents ...


A Study Of Historic Towns After "Tourism Explosion": The Case Of Çeşme, Foça And Şirince In Western Turkey, Aysem Kilinc-Unlu Jan 2011

A Study Of Historic Towns After "Tourism Explosion": The Case Of Çeşme, Foça And Şirince In Western Turkey, Aysem Kilinc-Unlu

Theses (Historic Preservation)

In his book The Conservation of European Cities, Donald Appleyard stated that, "The old city exemplifies the human scale, individuality, care and craftsmanship, richness and diversity that are lacking in the modern plastic, machine-made city with its repetitive components and large scale projects." However, many historic cities are in danger of becoming plastic because of tourism development despite the distinctive qualities they once had. Recent layers are not valued, faux elements are used to keep historic identity of built fabric, or diversity gets lost by replicating a selected type of architectural form. This thesis looks both into intended and market ...


Toward A New Approach To Evaluating Significance In Recent-Past Preservation Planning With A Case Study Of 1960s Properties In Philadelphia County, Kristin M. Hagar Jan 2011

Toward A New Approach To Evaluating Significance In Recent-Past Preservation Planning With A Case Study Of 1960s Properties In Philadelphia County, Kristin M. Hagar

Theses (Historic Preservation)

In evaluating a stock of recent-past buildings, it is important to stay alert to the ways in which recent-past heritage is more difficult to assess, and what we might be prone to do to make it easier to assess. It is not enough to involve numerous people in the process and to articulate our method of analysis. We as preservation professionals must also consciously strive to avoid cognitive shortcuts. We must set evaluative standards and choose priorities, without simply dismissing a great portion of the built environment as “crap” or accepting self-evidence as a measure of significance. Complexity should not ...


Corrosion Prevention In Historic Concrete – Monitoring The Richards Medical Laboratories, Ana Paula A. Gonçalves Jan 2011

Corrosion Prevention In Historic Concrete – Monitoring The Richards Medical Laboratories, Ana Paula A. Gonçalves

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis proposes to analyze current non-destructive techniques for the early detection of factors leading to reinforcement corrosion as part of a preventive conservation strategy for reinforced concrete. These techniques were theoretically evaluated for their efficiency and compatibility of use on concrete surfaces that require a minimum intervention approach, such as found on historic Modernist buildings where exposed concrete is considered an integral part of their significance. This study considered a real case scenario; the Alfred Newton Richards Medical Research Laboratories (Louis I. Kahn, 1960). The corrosion mechanism occurring on this building was assessed to assert its probable causes and ...


Enablers And Disablers Of Private Small-Scale Residential Rehabilitation In Fringe Neighborhoods Of Philadelphia, Cassandra Glinkowski Jan 2011

Enablers And Disablers Of Private Small-Scale Residential Rehabilitation In Fringe Neighborhoods Of Philadelphia, Cassandra Glinkowski

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Philadelphia displays a clear need for rehabilitation of dilapidated housing through the high percentage of vacant properties in fringe neighborhoods. While government incentives have attempted to solve these issues, there is little documentation on the driving forces and obstacles of private-sector investment in these areas of Philadelphia for the purpose of revitalization. The purpose of this thesis is to uncover and analyze the enablers and disablers of private small-scale residential rehabilitation in fringe areas of Philadelphia through an analysis of literature and interviews with practicing developers.

Contexts include a brief history of the vacant housing problem in order to describe ...


Old Buildings, New Ideas: Historic Preservation And Creative Industry Development As Complementary Urban Revitalization Strategies, Rebecca C. Chan Jan 2011

Old Buildings, New Ideas: Historic Preservation And Creative Industry Development As Complementary Urban Revitalization Strategies, Rebecca C. Chan

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The cultivation of the creative sector through the implementation of arts districts has been employed as an urban revitalization tool with increasing frequency in recent years, often occurring within historic building stock. In a departure from previous models of economic development in which workers are drawn to an area by jobs, footloose and often self-employed creative industry workers are more likely to locate based on quality of life and an area's so-called livability factors present in historic areas throughout the U.S.

Creative sector research and policy making stress the importance of character-rich places and the co-location of spaces ...


Assessing The Impact Of Local Historic District Designation On Mortgage Foreclosure Rates: The Case Of Philadelphia, Kimberly A. Broadbent Jan 2011

Assessing The Impact Of Local Historic District Designation On Mortgage Foreclosure Rates: The Case Of Philadelphia, Kimberly A. Broadbent

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis will analyze data of single-family residential mortgage foreclosures in designated local historic districts and similar comparable neighborhoods in Philadelphia, with the hypothesis that there will be fewer single-family residential mortgage foreclosures in the designated local historic districts versus similar comparable neighborhoods. This result would support existing research that has shown that local historic district designation can protect houses from wild fluctuations in market values and can add stability to a historic neighborhood’s housing market.

Housing prices began to decline in late 2006 and early 2007 and foreclosure rates skyrocketed, however there have been relatively few studies conducted ...


Predictive Analysis Of Stone Decay Mechanisms And Treatments On William Strickland's Second Bank Of The United States, Henry M. Bernberg Jan 2011

Predictive Analysis Of Stone Decay Mechanisms And Treatments On William Strickland's Second Bank Of The United States, Henry M. Bernberg

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis examined the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) software for predicting areas at risk of future stone decay on the Second Bank. By analyzing correlations between stone conditions, characteristics, and locational situation it was possible to determine statistical relationships between these variables. By understanding these relationships through the lens of known mechanisms of stone decay it was then possible to predict which stones are at greatest risk of developing future decay. This process is valuable because it can highlight enabling factors for stone decay and relationships between the complex variables on a building's surface that may not ...


Between A Rock And A Historic Place: Preservation In Postindustrial Urban Planning, Cara Bertron Jan 2011

Between A Rock And A Historic Place: Preservation In Postindustrial Urban Planning, Cara Bertron

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Long-term population loss is recognized as a major challenge in older industrial cities throughout the Rust Belt, marked by widespread vacant and abandoned properties. Policies and programs at every conceivable level are attempting to address how to "rightsize" cities: how to transform them into physically smaller places with a higher quality of life.

Yet historic preservation is rarely included. This thesis asserts that preservation can contribute an essential perspective to reshaping cities by helping articulate their unique identity—an integral part of cities' efforts to redefine themselves for brighter futures, retain population, improve the quality of life, and attract new ...